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of society may become, there can be but two other classes—those who, by intelligence or other means, become directors of labour—and those who by accumulation, or still higher intelligence, have become the employers of the other classes. The rules we laid down for the formation of these divisions were as follow : FIRST CLAss.—Heads of families possessing capital in wealth or in professional knowledge, or whose means of subsistence enable them to live without labour. In rural districts, this may include farmers of more than 50 acres. SEcoRD CLAss.-Heads of families who have some fixed income or employment; also, artizans who possess acquired capital in the knowledge of some trade; neither of which classes, however, is wholly exempt from labour. This may include farmers from five to fifty acres. THIRD CLAss.—Heads of families without capital in either money, land, or acquired knowledge, i.e. labourers, and persons who obtain the means of existence by employments which require little or no instruction. This may include small farmers up to five acres.—Page xviii.

APPENDIX B.

STATISTICS for Leinster, Ulster, Munster, and Connaught, and for the Counties of Wexford, connection with Land, Population, Poor Rates, &c. (For Civic Districts.)

Compiled from Reports of Commissioners on Population, Par. Rep. 1843, Vol. xxiv.

Down, Kerry, and Mayo, in

- Number of Farms
Arable Population Number Average Walue Number Average
Land of Arable Walue of number of
Area. estimated in Persons Land of Stock of Individuals
at to 100 From Total to each to 100 to a
two-thirds 1841. acres. 1 to 5 Farm. Stock. Inhabitants. Families. | Family.
of area. Acres. Number.
PROVINCES. ACRES. ACRES. ACRES. £ f
LEINSTER... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15,569 10,380 442,625 2,842 958 1,560 6.65 164,162 37.08 92,773 4.77
ULSTER... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8,790 5,860 225,675 2,567 1,398 2,195 2.67 96,204 42.63 45,289 4.98
MUNSTER... . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14,693 9,795 386,941 2,633 829 1,500 6.53 123,509 31.92 80,159 4.82
CONNAUGHT... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3,877 2,584 80,224 2,069 336 638 4.05 50,865 63.40 16,525 4.85
TOTAL. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42,929 28,619 |1,135,465 2,645 3,521 5,893 4.86 434,740 38.28 234.746 4.83
COUNTIES.
WEXFORD... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,392 1,595 28,766 1,202 174 288 5.54 15,471 53.78 6,156 4.67
DOWN... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - 1,635 1,090 37,639 2,302 641 853 1.28 22,798 - 60.57 7,895 4.77
KERRY.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 807 538 24,474 3,032 62 89 6.04 7,433 30.37 5,075 4.82
MAYO......... . • - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 848 565 19,749 2,329 151 217 2.60 11,328 57.36 3,965 4.98
TOTAL ... . . . . . - - - - - - - - 5,682 3,788 110,628 1,947 1,028 1,447 2.62 57,030 51.55 23,091 4.79

APPENDIX C.

TISTICS for Leinster, Ulster, Munster, and Connaught, and for the Counties of Wexford, Down, Kerry, and Mayo, in connection with Land,
Population, Poor Rates, &c. (For Rural Districts.)

Compiled from Report of Commissioners on Population, Par. Rep. 1843, Vol. xxiv.

Unculti Number of Persons. . Number of Farms. Average Value of Stock 5 : Arable Land Population $9 100 Average Walue per 100 Number #: vated Woods Arable adding acres From Arable acres per 100 ão Area one-seventh in {} 100 || 3 100 | Arable Total | Land to of To each | Arable of i£5 and Land. of Acres | Land, 1 to 5 each Land, Inhabi- §: ; Waste 1841. Acres. | Arable with Number. Farm. Stock. Farm. with Families. ##" Water. Lands. Land 1-7th of Acres. 1-7th of tants. £5 waste. waste. 3's 2ROVINCES. Acres. Acres. Acres. Acres. Acres. f f f f

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Wexford, Down, Kerry, and Mayo, in connection with Land, Population, of Civic Districts.)

* on Population, Par. Rep. 1843, Vol. xxiv.

Poor Rates, &c.

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