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About the beginning of George the Third's OARISTUS or Oaristys. A Greek term reign, the guitar was so much in vogue as for a poetical dialogue between husband nearly to break all the harpsichord and spinet and wife, of which Scaliger says that in the makers; and indeed the harpsichord masters Sixth Iliad is the only proper ancient spethemselves. All the ladies disposed of their cimen. Upon the death of Nobbs, what a harpsichords at auctions for one third of subject for one! their price, or exchanged them for guitars ; till old Kirkman, the harpsichord maker, “THE merits and demerits of husband and after almost ruining himself with buying in wife are equally divided between them, and his instruments for better times, purchased their fruits extend to both in a future state; likewise some cheap guitars, and made a as, for instance, if a wife perform many mepresent of several to girls in milliners' shops, ritorious works, and the husband die first, and to ballad singers in the streets whom he will enjoy heaven as the fruit of his wife's he had taught to accompany themselves, good works; and if the wife be guilty of with a few chords and triplets, which soon many wicked actions, and the husband die made the ladies ashamed of their frivolous first, he must go to hell for the sins of his and vulgar taste, and return to the harpsi- wife. In the apprehensions of a Hindoo, chord.

therefore, marriage ought to be a very serious

business."—WARD, vol. 2, p. 48. The King of England is a mixed person, say the lawyers, priest as well as prince.

“The juta is the hair behind, which is sufThe milt of one cod fish contains one fered to grow by the Sunyasees, till it is hundred and fifty thousand million animal. sometimes three, four, and even five cubits cules !

long. They mix ashes with it till it is as

hard as a rope, and then tie it round their A FinEspecimen of adequate style.-Cycl. head like a turban." - Ibid. p. 123. Moscow.

“ The French army, under the command A PUNDIT sent word to Ward, that the of Buonaparte, Emperor of France, took mysteries of the Ilindoo astronomy lay hid possession of Moscow, after several engage- in 300,000 books.—Ibid. vol. 2, p. 270. ments with the Russians, 14th September, 1812, but the place was previously set on It is an act of merit among the Hindoos fire by order of the Governor, and so much to read a book, even if you do not underdesolated that it afforded no satisfactory stand it. When a Hindu opens one of the accommodation for the Emperor and his shastrus, or even an account book, he makes troops. After enhancing the distress of a bow to it.-Ibid. vol. 4, p. 220. the city and its vicinity, the French were under a necessity of abandoning the city, WARD saw a Hindu play the flute with and making their retreat homeward !" MORHOFF mentions a certain Dutchman

Form of concluding a letter in Hindosof the name of Petter who broke a glass by tan :-“ What more shall I write ?"—or, the sound of his voice.

“ This."

his nose.

The sense of smell supposed to have been The Hindoos believe that a person can given to man for pleasure. See Cycl. Nose. receive only one blessing at a time from his Apply this to the facts respecting odours in god. They relate a story of a man who put medicine. Sebastian lay on a bed of roses, a trick on his guardian god, and obtained in a fever, and was cured.

three at once: he asked that he might see

his child eat from off a golden dish every people who would give it, because he misday. He was blind, childless, and poor.- trusted his own felicity, and dreaded that vol. 3, p. 153.

---so frightful in those days—Invidiam Nu

minis. (?)—Ibid. 419. Four things, according to the Pend Nameh, are undoubtedly the work of Satan, “ Tristitia enim, non secus atque tinea sneezing, bleeding at the nose, gaping, and vestem, vitam rodit."—Van Helmont, p. vomiting

737. A Moor who had been in England said M. Petit, a French physician, asserted to Lancelot Addison, it was a shame to see that St. Augustine "avoit la force de boire women, dogs, and dirty shoes admitted into beaucoup, et s'en servant quelquefois, mais a place sacred to God's worship.

sans s'enivrer."—BAYLE, vol. 2, p. 551.

“ Videri B. Aug. non invalidum potorem The Roman ladies used to dye their hair fuisse,” is the title of Petit's chapter on his yellow, (that being the favourite colour), Homeri Nepanthes, and he quotes a passage with the flowers of the mullein, or of the from the Conf. in which Augustine prays genistella-probably of both.

against a propensity to tippling. “ Some of the fathers went so far as to

HARRINGTON’s Mechanics of Nature,esteem the love of music a sign of predes- and his notion that spirits produced distination ; as a thing divine, and reserved for eases.—See his Works, xxxix. the felicities of heaven itself.”—Sir WilLIAM TEMPLE

Aques, it is said, have not unfrequently

been cured by electricity ;--the mode by Timothy Rogers says, melancholy is clothes for ten or fifteen minutes, either at

drawing sparks through flannel or the “ one of the sad effects produced by that the time of the fit or before it is expected. black humour that has vitiated all the natural spirits.”—MICHAELIS, N. T. xi.

The botanical theory of diseases. The

They “Do not attribute the effects of mere dis- sorts which blossom, seed, and die.

in ease to the devil, though I deny not that the tribes, as wens, cancers, &c.

every

soil. The fungous devil has a hand in the causing of several diseases. The envy and rage that he is

ALKAHEST—the universal solvent of Van filled with prompts him to disturb the

Helmont. health and peace of man ; and, by God's permission no doubt, he brings a great many Languis held that all diseases were anisicknesses upon him.”—Ibid. xv.

malcular.

will not grow

" I would not have you bring a railing Thomas Bovius, an empiric, who called accusation against the devil, so as to attri- himself Zephiraelim, after his tutelar and bute to him a thousand things wherein he assistant spirit, contrived a preparation of has no hand at all.”—Ibid. xvi.

mercury and gold, which he called his HerSee pp. 104, 5, of Tim. ROGERS.

cules, and an “aurum potabile." He wrote

Flagello contro de medici communi delti What is the authority for this anecdote rationale. Veneci, 1583, et Fulmine contro of Augustin,—that once a year he turned de medici putatiti rationali. Verona, 1592. beggar, and received alms of the common

PHOSPHORUS was discovered by Nicolas some of these roonis fire is lighted at winter Brandt (or Sebastian), in a course of ex- time according to the desire of the sick, and periments upon urine, made with a view of they are fondled with silk cushions, good extracting a fluid proper for converting beds, &c. for the spring, when madness is silver into gold.

particularly raging. The madmen sick of

mystic love are seen to lie here chained like Cucupha, a cap with cephalic powders lions in their dens, looking to the basin, and quilted therein, worn of old for such dis- speaking in the cant of Kalenders. Others orders as particularly affected the head.

dispersing in the garden amongst the flower

beds, yell and shout to the song of the nightMNEME Cephalicum Balsamum. The ingale, without measure or art.

In the seapower of which was to preserve in the mind son of the flowers, the sick are often cured the memory of all things past. Charles only by the sight and smell of them; and Duke of Burgundy gave an English physi- some lose their wits by the sweet scent of cian 10,000 forins for the receipt, for which them. The greater number of the madmen SENNERTUS, Pract. lib. 1, cap. 5, is referred enchained here are love-sick, and their sight to. What would some princes give for an may cure those who are in danger to beamneme, &c.—a counter balsam !

come mad by the number of pretty faces to

be seen here. Some of the mad are cured We read in the History of the Academy by music; and therefore Sultaun Bayazed, of Sciences, of a musician who was cured of the founder, established a living for some a violent fever by a concert at his bedside. musicians, who come thrice a week and play

in the winter and summer rooms to the sick The red oil of the glass of antimony- and mad. The mad begin then to jump like the universal medicine of Basil, Valentine, apes at the tunes, Rast, Neva, Sigah, Bheand others, for which Kerkring has given hargah, but above all to the tunes Zeugoole an unintelligible process. He says he saw and Boslik, which being accompanied by the a confirmed dropsy cured by it, the patient great kettledrum gives particular pleasure swimming in his own exudations, which ran to the mad. Briefly, there is no hospital in drops through the bed upon the floor. (Dareshifa), and no madhouse (Bimares

taun), in the whole world like that of AdriMONTAGNE, (vol. 8, p. 213), says it was anople. The sick and mad receive three an opinion held by some gardeners, “que les times in four and twenty hours, not only roses et violettes naissent plus odoriférantes common food, but birds and all kinds of près des aulx et des oignons, d'autant qu'ils aviary dainties from the kitchen founded succent et tirent à eux, ce qu'il y a de mau

for that purpose.

Twice in the week the vaise odeur en la terre.”

apothecary's room is opened, and medicines

are distributed to all those who ask for it; “ Non si sanano le malatie de gli huo- preparations of cardamom, caryophils, and mini con le contemplationi di medicina.". all kind of aromatic spices. On the door Lodovico Dolce, Dialogo de Memoria, ff. of the room a curse is written against those 104.

who without being sick should ask such But contemplation will bring on diseases, medicines, that they should fall sick immethough it cannot cure them.

diately." Evlia EFFENDI concludes this

account with a benediction, which he freHospital of Sultaun Bayazed at Adria- quently uses, but seldom with such pronople, with a medical academy.

priety as in this place,—“ Health to you." There were eight rooms here, which "are – Vol. 3. ever full of sick people, poor and rich. In

vol. 3,

"A COUNSELLOR at law once asked me," “QUÆDAM enim ignorantibus ægris cusays HUARTE," what the cause might be, that randa sunt; caussa multis moriendi fuit, in the affairs where he was well paid, many morbum suum nosse.”- SENEC. de brev. cases and points of learning came to his vita, $ xviii. vol. I, p. 312. memory; but with such as yielded not to his travail what was due, it seemed that all HENRY VIII. a quack.-Ellis's Original his knowledge was shrunk out of his brain." Letters, vol. 1, p.

287. Whom I answ

swered, “ that matters of interest appertained to the wrathful faculty,

Vices and diseases.--BISHOP REYNOLDS, which maketh its residence in the heart, and

p.

299-302. if the same receive not contentment, it doth not willingly send forth the vital spirits, by Carduus Benedictus and mare's milk

were

“I THINK it be troubled with the worms: whose light the figures which rest in the

the only thing in the world for't.”Knight memory may be discerned: but when that findeth satisfaction, it cheerfully affordeth of the Burning Pestle. natural heat, where through the reasonable

MUSICAL medicine. See a treatise by soul obtaineth sufficient clearness to see

CASPAR LÆSCHERUS. “Dissertatio historico whatsoever is written in the head."

theologica de Saüle per musicam curato." “ A VESSEL lying at Gainsborough some Wittenberg. 1688. time ago

had on board a sheep, which was become a good sailor, would eat beef, pork, The kind which goes out only by fasting

Question of possession. A diseased will. and biscuit with the crew ; made no scruple

and

prayer. at mutton, and took the water like a dog." --Naval Chronicle, vol. 26, p. 385.

PARALLEL between a legislator and a phy“On the 17th of November, 1807, dur- sician.-PASQUIER, vol. 2, p. 326. ing an inundation of the Rhone, a beaver

"AFTER I've beat thee into one main bruist, was killed in the island of La Barthalasse,

(bruise?) opposite Avignon. M. Costaing has given a

And made thee spend thy state in rotten very particular description of the animal,

apples."-BEAUMONT and FLETCHER, and among other things, remarks that the fourth toe of each hind paw has a double

Love's Pilgrimage, act iii. sc. 3. nail, the parts of which close on each other, so as to form a sharp and cutting beak, king's evil but a prince.”—EuphUES.

There is nothing that can cure the opening and shutting like that of a bird of prey."Panorama, vol. 6, p. 979.

History of the three Welsh physicians. ASCLEPIADES the first physician who pre

Cambro Briton, vol. 2, p. 313-15. scribed wine, and allowed his patients cold

Laws for the chief physician.—Ibid. p.

396. water."--BAYLE.

“Utilitatem vini æquari vix deorum potentiâ pronuntiavit.”—Pliny,

APOTHECARIES' roguery.

MALCOLM's xxii. § 1.

London, vol. 2, p. 381, PIERRE Briscot, a French physician of

"The reader may see some very curious rethe sixteenth century, was the first who per- marks in the celebrated John Smith's Discourse ceived that the Arabians had corrupted the of Prophecy, on the words, “ Bring me a minscience of medicine; and who endeavoured

strel," 1 Kings, iii, 15, p. 264.

Dyce has edited bruise, as Southey conto bring it back to the precepts of Hippo-jectured, --but both the folios have bruist, and crates and Galen.–BAYLE, vol. 4, p. 143. probably it is right.-J. W. W.

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Why a physician should be chearful.- | duces death by attrition, and that therefore EUPHUES his England, Q. e.

the

way to preserve life is to retard pulsa

tion.—Croker's BoSWELL, vol. 3, p. 398. AUGSBURG. Dr. Hahnemann believes that the miasma of the cholera proceeds ANCILLON, whose fine library was pillaged from very small insects, which escape from by the priests after the revocation of the the

eye, and fasten themselves to the hairs of edict of Nantes, bought always the handthe head, the skin, and the clothes. The somest editions he could get. “ Il disoit vapour of camphor being fatal to these in- qu'il est certain que moins les yeux ont de sects as well as others, Dr. Hahnemann pre- peine à lire un ouvrage, plus l'esprit a de scribes a spoonful of camphor dissolved in liberté pour en juger. Que comme on y spirits of wine, and mixed with warm water, voit plus clair, et qu'on en remarque mieux every minute. (?) Rub the body with cam- les grâces et les défauts lorsqu'il est imprimé, phor, put on a camphorated garment, and que lorsqu'il est écrit à la main, on y voit fumigate the room with camphor; and then, aussi plus clair quand il est imprimé en beau if the disease is produced by these invisible caractère, et sur du beau papier, que quand insects, and his theory is right, the patient il l'est sur du vilain, et en mauvais caracinfallibly recovers ! - Times, July 17, 1831. tères.”—BAYLE, vol. 2, p. 70.

Ancillon used to say,

" On trouve dans BURLEIGH’s gout.—Ellis, vol. 3, p. 35. certains auteurs negligés, des choses singu

lières qu'on ne trouve point ailleurs: et ne “Die of the jaundice, yet have the cure fût-ce

que du style, on y trouve toujours about you ; lice, large lice,' begot of your quelque chose à prendre."-Ibid. p. 72. own dust and the heat of the brick kilns."- Waiting for second editions.-Ibid. And Beaumont and FLETCHER's Thierry and value of first. Theod., act v. sc. 1.

MARC Antony's daughter, Antonia, had “ Oft taking physic makes a man very a pet fish (muræna), and adorned it with patient.” — B. Jonson, Every Man in his ear-rings; so odd a fancy, that many perHumour, vol. 1, p. 23.

sons went to see it. Where did the lamprey

wear his ear-rings ?-Pliny, vol. 9, c. 55. SIMPLE remedies.-Eras. Adag. p. 121. BAYLE, vol. 2, p. 145.

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MEDECIN d'eau douce sometimes the safest Baldus, when he was asked why laws practitioner.

were so often contradictory, used to say,

quod intellectus, qui ratiocinatur, non HIPPOCRATES says, “Očióv ti ésivév tījou semper sit idem, sed varius." —Bayle, vol. νοσήσι, μάλισα δε των γυναικών.-Ga-3, p. 53. rasse. Doc. Cur. p. 696.

Cardinal Mazarin said, que les plus

habiles gens étaient comme les victimes ; DAIMONIAN diseases. The devil is in them qui, pour si exactement qu'elles eussent été but too often.

choisies, avaient toujours quelque chose de

mauvais, quand on en examinait les enSır EDWARD BARRY (Dr.), author of the trailles.”—Ibid. vol. 3, p. 58. book on wines, thought that pulsation pro

A BASE opinion of P. Rapin in the same ! Mr. Dyce quotes SCHRODER's Hist. of Animals as they are useful in Physick-—" They are

page : “Que souvent la réputation ne vient swallowed of country people against the jaun point tant aux héros par l'adresse qu'ils ont dice." P. 154, 1659. –J. W. W.

de faire voir leurs belles qualités, que par

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