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Formerly human sacrifices were made that they may wave like the banners of to this goddess, and bulls and horses."- Cama." Ibid.

He applauds another who dances in the CAPARDIN, with thick hair, is a title of Es- sportive circle, “whilst her bracelets ring, as

she beats time with her palms."



They suppose that the Sphinx, or Singh “If powder of sandal wood finely levias they call her, will appear at the end of gated be applied to her breasts, she starts, the world so huge, as at the instant of her and mistakes it for poison.”—Ibid. birth to seize on an elephant. This tradition was related by a Pundit to Colonel Pearse. Sir W. Jones conceives the sculpture representing it to be intended for a

"I MYSELF never was not, nor thou, nor lion,—so Singh means, so several Bramins all the princes of the earth ; nor shall we told him who had seen it. Yet if the draw.

ever hereafter cease to be.”—KREESHNA, in ing of the colonel be correct, the female the Bhagvat Geeta. breasts are visible.

“ As the soul in this mortal frame findeth infancy, youth, and old age, so in some fu

ture frame will it find the like.”—Ibid. Oriental Images. “Her eyes appear like moons eclipsed, “The former state of beings is unknown, which let fall their gathered nectar, through the middle state is evident, and their future pain caused by the tooth of the furious dra- state is not to be discovered. Why, then, gon.”—Songs of Jayadeva.

shouldst thou trouble thyself about such

things as these?”—Ibid. “ SPREAD a string of gems on those two soft globes; let the golden bells of thy zone “Let the motive be in the deed, and not tinkle, and proclaim the mild edict of love. in the event."—Ibid. Say, O) damsel, with delicate speech, shall I dye red, with the juice of aluctaca, those “ Perform thy duty, abandon all thought beautiful feet, which will make the full- of the consequence, and make the event blown land-lotus blush with shame.”—Ibid. equal, whether it terminate in good or evil;

for such an equality is called Yog."—Ibid. “And Radha, with timid joy, darting her eyes on Govinda, while she musically “Although thou wert the greatest of all sounded the rings of her ankles, and the offenders, thou shalt be able to cross the bells of her zone, entered the mystic bower gulf of sin with the bark of wisdom.”—Ibid. of her only beloved."

“The man who, performing the duties of “ His locks, interwoven with blossoms, life, and quitting all interest in them, placeth were like a cloud variegated with moon- them upon Brahm the Supreme, is not taintbeams."

ed by sin; but remaineth like the leaf of the

lotus, unaffected by the waters."--Ibid. “ PLACE now a fresh circle of musk, black as the lunar spots, on the moon of my fore- The Yogee of a subdued mind is comhead, and mix gay flowers on my tresses, pared “to a lamp, standing in a place without with a peacock's feathers, in graceful order, wind, which waveth not."— Ibid.

laris, quem



“I GLADLY inspire those who are con

“Fuit Vizier Nodhamo'l Mole unio singustantly employed in my service, with that use of reason by which they come unto me; and in compassion I stand in my own na

Conflavit (Deus) misericors ex nobilitate. ture, and dissipate the darkness of their ig- Apparuit et non agnovêre tempora pretium

ejus norance with the light of the lamp of wisdom."-Ibid.

Quare illum illis invidens, in concham

iterum reposuit.” The crop of heads on their deities is SHABLO'DDAULA. ABUL-PHARAJIUS. merely a palpable metaphor of “the eternal God whose countenance is turned on every side."-Ibid.

“The Banyans,” says Herbert, “hold “As a single sun illuminateth the whole

that at the last judgment the sun will shed world, even so doth the spirit enlighten every

his light like purling brimstone." P. 53. body."—Ibid.

“ Tuere are these three passages to Na- “ When those two damsels departed, rak (the infernal regions), lust, anger, and musk was diffused from their robes, as the avarice, which are the destroyers of the soul: eastern gale sheds the scent of clove gillywherefore a man should avoid them; for, flowers.”—AMRIOLKAIS. MOALLAKAT. being freed from these gates of sin, at length he goeth the journey of the Most High."- Sand-HILLS often mentioned. Ibid.

bosom of a vale surrounded with hillocks of

spiry sand.”—“Let me weep at the remem“Whence should men out of place have brance of our beloved, at the sight of the wealth, which makes others give way to the station where her tent was raised by the fangrooms of their horses ? Whence should edge of yon bending sands." they procure white umbrellas with long sticks, horses, elephants, and a troop of at

“Her bosom was smooth as a mirror, or tendants ?"—HITOPADESA.

like the pure egg of an ostrich of a yellowish tint blended with white, and nourished by a

stream of wholesome water not yet disturbed."? “ BEFORE the sun had put on his crown

What meaning has this ? of rays."-Life of Creeshna.

“Her long coal-black hair decorated her “ Tuy anger was but mercy, which gave us an occasion of beholding thy power."

I ROUALEYN Gor ox CUMMING in his Five Ibid.

Yeurs of a Hunter's Life in the Fur Interior of
South Africa, speaks of the ostrich shells as

used for water-vases by the “bush-girls and “ Hell, called Yemalogu, is a large fiery ing Bechuana tribes of the Kalahari desert.”

Bakalahari women who belong to the wander. cellar, where there are fiery leeches.”—Let- | Vol. 1, p. 113. I do not know whether this ters to the Dan. Miss.

can be used in illustration, neither do I know what authority is due to the book quoted. He. rodotus, in the old time, and Bruce, in more

recent days, told stories equally wonderful, “Thou art pleasanter than sweet Samar- which have turned out true. One cannot, how. cand in her vallies of jonquils."— Translated but lament that Mr. Cumming's narrative from the Persian and Arabic by the author

should be so needlessly blood-stained as it is at

times - neither is mawkish sentimentality at all of Gebir.

to be admired.-J. W. W.



back, thick and diffused like bunches of “ The delighted genii have been collectdates clustering on the palm tree.” ing, among the trees of life, those crimson

and azure dyes, with which the celestial “ A LEG both as white and as smooth as damsels tinge their beautiful feet,—and they the stem of a young palm, or a fresh reed, now are writing thy actions in verses worbending over the rivulet."

thy of divine melody.”—Ibid.

“O FRIEND, seest thou the lightning? the fire of it gleams like the lamps of a hermit,

WHEN S. Roberto reformed the Benewhen the oil poured on them shakes the cord by which they are suspended.”—Ibid. dictines at Molismo, part of the regular

business of the day was cortar folhas de palma, & tecer dellas os habitos que tra

ziao.”Brito. Chro. de Cister. “ The Betele maketh the mouth and lips of a vermillion colour, and the breath sweet and pleasing."-BERNIER.

HODGES speaks of peacocks in abundance, " which, sitting on the vast horizon

tal branches, and displaying their varied “It well becomes thee, who art soft as plumage to the sun, dazzle the eyes of the the fresh-blown Mallica, to fill with water traveller as he passes." the canals which have been dug round these tender shrubs."-SACONTALA.

“My friend Priyamvada has tied this

"A REYSHEE whose austerities were such mantle of bark so closely over my bosom

that he subsisted entirely on the drops of that it gives me pain.”—Ibid.

milk which fell from the mouths of calves

in the act of calving.”Life of Creeshna. “ Tue venerable sage must have an unfeeling heart, since he has allotted a mean “The two children learned to walk toemployment to so lovely a girl, and has gether, either round their beds, or by holddressed her in a coarse mantle of woven ing a calf's tail in their hands." bark."-Ibid.

“ Thus did the Gopias admire him who “Now then I deliver to the priests this had on a yellow robe, a peacock's feather bundle of fresh Cusa grass, to be scattered on his head, a brilliant rosary round his neck, round the place of sacrifice.”—Ibid. and a flute on his lip.”

“The peacocks on the house-tops were

rejoicing and singing in the smoke which “THERE has been a happy omen. The

arose from the constant burning of aromayoung Brahman who officiated in our morn- tics in such quantity as to form a cloud that ing sacrifice, dropped the clarified butter resembled the rainy season." (though his sight was impeded by clouds of smoke) into the very centre of the adorable “ On her sitting down or rising up, the flame."

Devates became mad with admiration at the

tinkling that proceeded from the golden “ANOTHEB prest the juice of Lacsha, to bells that adorned her feet and ankles."– stain her feet exquisitely red."


be a gem in the dunghill, it is well to seSonnets.

cure it and set it where its brilliancy may Unless strikingly good, immediately for

be seen.

More often the rudiments of a gotten. They please us like the scenery of thought are found—the seed that will only a tame country; we look with pleasure upon vegetate in a good soil, and must be warmed a green field, and the light ash that bends by the sun into life and blossom. So in over its hedges, and the grey alders along this Milton has done—he has quickened its clear brook side. But the next copse, grub ideas into butterfly beauty. or the little arch that spans the brook, effaces the faint impression ; and they in their Tue heroic writers of these countries turn yield to the following picture. But must not be meted by the Epic measure; the woods of the Wye, and the rocks of they are as our Drayton and Daniel in their Avon, even these we long remember, and plans. Writers that never can be popular years will scarcely blunt the recollection of yet ought not to be despised. The analogy the Tagus, and the heights of Lisbon, and indeed of language fails. Ours has been the thousand-fold beauties of Cintra. the slow-growing oak; theirs of so rapid a

growth, that it never has exceeded sapling Kett has well observed the likeness of strength. This is disadvantageous. A little the sonnet to the Greek epigram.

rust would hide the poorness of the medal.

Upon amatory poems a general condem- POETICAL ornaments. These are not nation may be past. It is unfortunate that enough. If the groundwork be bad, they men will write nonsense, as well as talk it, are like the rich colouring of a dauber's picto the women, with whom they amuse them- ture, like the jewels that bedizen a clumsy selves; this is little honourable to the com- church-idol. To lard a good story with mon sense of either sex. Cupid was very prettinesses, were like periwigging and powwell in his day, on a cameo or a bas-relief, dering the Apollo Belvidere—and dressing but his bastard descendants are insufferable the Venus of Florence in a hoop. that figure in a song or sonnet on an upholsterer's shop card, or a hair-dresser's

In poetry, as in painting, mediocrity is shop sign at a watering-place.

probably attainable by all. In these coun

tries the poets resemble missal-painters ;PERSONAL Sonnets form a large class ;- their colours often rich, their pencilling delords, dukes, kings, queens, and poets have licate; but no knowledge of design or perhad their share. Of these, the most are spective, and often as deformedly incorrect utterly worthless; some only useful as hints in outline as the pictures of the Mexicans. to the literary history of the timeslike our There are masons enough, but no architect. old introductory verses — -mementos of who They have raised huge edifices, but faced and who associated together-of the names them with a confused mixture of mud and we know.



Literary Observations.

DEVOTIONAL poetry usually unsuccessAr the revival of letters, almost every ful, not because the subject is bad, but bepoet was proud of imitating the ancients ; cause it has usually been managed by blockthe manner and the matter were new to an heads. unlearned people, and they produced a better taste.

NARRATIVE. Milton. Klopstock. Gess

ner. Bodmer. G. Fletcher. St. Isidro. The Copying from obscure writers. If there | Antony-poems. Vida. Sannazarius. Marino.

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HYMNS. Surely no worse a subject than necessary; and it has ever been the plan old Pagan faith.

of priestcraft to keep the people ignorant.

A writer of original genius must wield MYSTICAL. The Orientals. Crashaw. St. language at his will. The syntax must bend Teresa.

to him. He must sometimes create--who

else are the makers of language ? ALLEGORY. Ph. Fletcher. John Bunyan Much as I shall do, much will remain. the Great. Calderon.

Many a pleasant bye-path remains, into

which chance may lead the future traveller. But Popery has culled the absurdities, Many a store of hidden treasure is to be and magnified them as in a solar microscope. found among the mouldering libraries. The Real Presence, the Immaculate Con- Many a conquest yet to be made from the ception ; without the genius of Quarles, or worms and spiders. I omit no labour ; but even Herbert, they are tenfold more ridi- the traveller of most anxious curiosity wants culous. Ledesma. The Nun of Mexico. a guide. I am not parsimonious; but there

are bounds which independence must not The early poets must not be translated. pass. God has given me abundant talents, Because they are not worth translating. which have not been buried; but from so

Because we have no language wherein to ciety I have not received capital enough to translate them. That of Chaucer is too produce interest. rugged, and almost as difficult. Modern versification would be like an attempt to polish freestone. It would but caricature

[Spanish Bombast.] the grossness of old ideas.

“ Tu auras les conceptions grandes et hautes, et non monstrueuses ny quintes

sencieuses comme sont celles des EspagModern Latin.

nols. Il faudroit a un Apollon pour les At the revival of letters it was fashion- interpreter, encor il y seroit bien empesché able to be a scholar. Latin was more spo- avec tous ses oracles et Trepieds."—Ronken, and more written, than now.

SARD. Pref. to the Franciade, p. 25 the epistolary and colloquial language of the learned. The modern languages were scarcely

[Outcast.] formed. There were

no conventional phrases of poetry ; no beaten road which Is our word outcast in any way traceable

to Hindostan? the imitator might follow.

The mediocre poets, as in their vernacular works, have such. Have the better

[Gothic Genius.] ones speculated amiss? Would Vida Fracastorius-above all, Flaminius, have been Gothic genius improved every fiction now so generally known, had they written which it adopted. Like torch-light in a in Italian ? Could Erasmus have made cathedral, its strong lights and shades made Dutch readable ?

every thing terrible, and as it were living. Yet among the modern Latinists is no See now the Seven Sleepers. one poet of great and original genius. The “ In the weste syde of Germania is a reason is obvious.

people called Scribonius, that hath snowe The Jesuit system had its influence. A all the somer tyme, and eteth rawe flesshe, club composed of all nations conspiring for and ben clothed in ghoot buck skynnes. universal rule. A common language was In theyr countrees whan the nyght is short

It was

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