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“ The gods and the giants desiring to is painted. Those animals are given her as procure themselves immortality, after the attributes, because they are held infamous counsel of Vichenou, transported the moun- by the Gentoos. The physician Danoutain of Mandriguiri into the sea of milk, to vandri afterwards came out from the bottom get the Amourdon: they surrounded it with of the sea with a vase full of Amourdon. the serpent Addissechen, and drawing it Vichenou distributed it among the gods alternately, some by the head and some by alone; and the giants, who saw themselves the tail, they turned the mountain topsy- disappointed, furious for having been deturvy, that they might change the sea into ceived, dispersed themselves over the earth, butter. They drew it with such swiftness, preventing homage being paid to any deity that Adissechen, overcome with weariness, whatever, and exercised all kinds of cruelty could no longer support the fatigue ; his to make themselves adored." body trembled, his thousand shivering mouths made the earth resound with his “ VICHENOU assumed the form of a wohissings; a torrent of flame issued from his man, under the name of Moyeni, to seduce eyes; his thousand tongues, black and the giants and take the Amortam from them. hanging, palpitated; and he vomited a ter- Eswara was so struck with her beauty, that rible poison, which in an instant spread he could not resist his desires, and became itself every where. Vichenou, more intre- with her the father of Ayenar. The Gentoos pid than the other gods and giants, who fled, esteem this son of Eswara and Vichenou as took the poison, and rubbed his body with the protector of the world, of good order, it, which immediately became blue. It is and of the police; but they do not rank in commemoration of this event, that in him with gods of the first class. They build alınost all the temples dedicated to him, small temples to him in the woods, comthey represent him of a blue colour. The only at a distance from the highway, but gods and giants returned to their work ; never in towns. He is known by the quanthey laboured during a thousand years, after tity of horses made of dried earth, which which the mountain sunk by degrees into they consecrate to him, and are placed with

Vichenou then took the form of a out side the temple, but under cover. It tortoise of an extraordinary size, went into is not permitted to pass near those temples the sea, and easily lifted up the sunk moun- in a carriage, on horseback, or on foot with tain. All the gods, after having given him shoes on. He is the only god to whom praises, united to turn the mountain. At sanguinary offerings are made; kids and last, after many ages, the cow Camadenou cocks being sacrificed to him.” came out of the sea of milk, as also the horse Outchisaravam, and the white ele- “LATCHIMI, the wealth-giver, the mother phant Ariapadam, and the tree Calpaga of the world, the perfectly beautiful, had by Vroucham. Their labours also produced her husband Vichenou, Manmadin, god of three goddesses, Latchimi, goddess of riches, love, a child in figure like Cupid, carrying wife of Vichenou ; Sarasouadi, goddess of a quiver on his shoulders, and a bow and sciences and harmony, whom Brahma took arrow in his hand; but his bow is of sugar to his wife; and Moudevi, goddess of dis- cane, his arrows of all sorts of flowers, and cord and misfortune, with whom, for good he is mounted on a parroquet. Although reason, no person would trouble themselves; an infant, they have given him a wife called for the Indians suppose, that whoever is Radi, which signifies Debauch ; they repreunder her influence will never have a grain sent her as a beautiful woman, on her knees, of rice to appease his hunger. She is re- on horseback, throwing a dart." presented green, mounted on an ass, carrying a banner in her hand, on which a raven

- ESWARA unites in himself both sexes,

the sea.

his wife Parvadi is only a part of himself. strength of penances, had obtained the goThe first and greatest of his sons is Pollear. vernment of the world and immortality; He presides over marriages. The Indians but became so wicked that God was obliged build no house, without having first carried to punish him. He sent Soupramanier, who a Pollear on the ground, which they sprinkle fought him unsuccessfully for ten days; but with oil, and throw flowers on it every day. at last, making use of the Velle, arms which If they do not invoke it before they under- he had received from his father, he cut the take any enterprize, they believe that God giant in two. These two parts changed, one will make them forget what they wanted to into a peacock, and the other into a cock. undertake, and that their labour will be in Soupramanier gave them a better heart, and vain. He has an elephant's head, and rides from that moment they paid homage to a rat: but in the pagodas they place him Eswara. He enjoined the peacock always on a pedestal with his legs almost crossed. to carry him, and the cock to be always in A rat is always put before the door of his his standard.” chapel. This rat was a giant, Gudje-mougachourin, on whom the gods had bestowed " VAIREVERT, the third son of Eswara, immortality, as well as great powers; which was created from his breath, to overthrow he abused, and did much harm to mankind. the pride of the Deverkels and the PeniPollear, intreated by the sages and peni- tents, and to humble Brahma, who had tents to deliver them, pulled out one of his vaunted that he was the greatest of the tusks, and threw it against the oppressor.

three gods.

Vairevert pulled off one of The tooth entered the giant's stomach, and Brahma's heads, and received the blood of overthrew him. He immediately changed all the Deverkels and Penitents in the skull; himself into a rat, as large as a mountain, but afterwards brought them to life again, and came to attack Pollear: who sprung and gave them purer hearts. This is the on his back, telling him, that hereafter he god who by Eswara's command will come should ever be his carrier. The Hindoos, to destroy the world at the end of the ages. in their adoration of this god, cross the He is blue, three-eyed, with two tusks like arms, shut the fist, and in this manner give crescents, a collar of heads round his neck, themselves several blows on the temples : falling on his stomach ; his girdle is made then, but always with the arms crossed, of serpents, his hair of a fire colour, bells they take hold of their ears, and make three are on his feet, he rides a dog." inclinations, bending the knee; after which, with their hands joined, they address their 66 Tue fifth incarnation of Vichenou was prayers to him, and strike their forehead. in a Bramin dwarf, under the name of They have a great veneration for this deity, Vamen; it was wrought to restrain the whose image they place in all temples, pride of the giant Bely. The latter after streets, highways, and in the country at the having conquered the gods, expelled them foot of some tree, that all the world may from Sorgon. He was generous, true to have an opportunity of invoking him, be- his word, compassionate and charitable.' fore they undertake any concern, and that

“ Their talk was of the city of the days travellers may make their adorations and

Of old, Earth's wonder once, and of the fame offerings to him before they pursue their Of Baly its great founder, - he whose name journey."

In ancient story and in poet's praise,

Liveth and flourisheth for endless glory, “ The second son of Eswara is Soupra- Put down the wrong, and age upheld the

Because his might ier, whom his father produced from the

right,” &c. eye in the middle of his forehead, to destroy

The Curse of Kehama,– The City of the giant Soura-Parpma. This last, by

Bely, xv. 4.-5. W. W.



Vichenou, under the form of a very little give him a place he could inhabit; he only Bramin, presented himself before him while desired the space of an arrow's flight, which he was sacrificing, and asked him for three he would shoot. Varounin consented, but paces of land to build a hut. Bely ridi- the penitent Narader, witness of the proculed the apparent imbecility of the dwarf, mise he had just given, made him sensible in telling him, that he ought not to limit of his imprudence, by assuring him, that it his demand to a request so trifling; that was Vichenou himself, and that he would his generosity could bestow a much larger send his arrow beyond all the seas; in donation of land. Vamen answered, that which case Varounin would not know what being of so small a stature, what he asked to do with his waters. Varounin, lamentwas more than sufficient. The prince imme- ing at not being able to recall his promise, diately granted his request, and to ratify ran speedily to Yamen, god of death, begging his donation, poured water into his right his assistance in this dilemma. To oblige hand; which was no sooner done, than the him, Yamen changed himself into a white dwarf grew so prodigiously, that his body ant, called Karia among the Indians, who, filled the universe. He measured the earth in the night time came when Parassourama with one pace, and the heavens with an- was asleep, and by favour of the darkness other, and then summoned Bely to give gnawed his bow-string in such a manner, as him his word for the third. The prince then to leave just string enough to keep the bow recognized Vichenou, adored him, and pre- stretched. Parassourama, not perceiving sented his head to him : but the god, satis- the trick played him, repaired in the mornfied with his submission, sent him to governing to the sea shore; he put an arrow to his Padalon, and permitted him to return annu- bow, which he was preparing to shoot with ally to the earth, on the day of the full moon all his strength; but in drawing the string, in November, the anniversary of his over- to give it more elasticity, it broke in such throw, to witness the fireworks and illu- a manner, that the arrow could not go far. minations, a sight of which he was very The land over which it passed dried, and fond.”

formed the country of Malealon, which we

call the coast of Malabar. Parassourama “ PARASSOURAMA was only one part of recalling to mind the ingratitude of the Vichenou. He declared war against the Bramins, cursed them, and imposed this lot kings of the race of the sun, defeated them upon them, that if a Bramin should die on all, and gave their kingdom to the Bramins. this new spot of earth, he should return to He would afterwards have retired into a earth again, in the shape of an ass. Therecorner of the country he had presented fore no Bramin's residence is to be seen on them, to pass his days in tranquillity, but this proscribed coast. According to the none of the Bramins would permit him : Tamoul tradition, this god still lives on the and finding no asylum on the earth, he re- Malabar coast. They represent him a tertired on the Gauts, whose foundation was rible and disagreeable figure. On the Corowashed by the waves. It was there that he mandel coast he is painted green, with a called Varounin, god of the sea, begging more agreeable countenance, holding in one him to withdraw his waters, in order to hand a hatchet, and a fan of palm leaves in

the other." I The classical reader will call to mind Ho. MER's description of strife, Iliad, A. 443.

“ MariaTALEwas wife of the penitent Ουρανώ έστήριξε κίρη, και επί χθονί βαίνει. With which may be compared the words in

2 All these materials were of course collected the Book of Wisdom," It touched the heaven, for the “Curse of Kehama.” This is quoted to but it stood upon the earth.” xviii. 16.

the lines. J. W. W. “ It chanced that near her, on the river brink,

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Chamadaguini, and mother of Parassourama. one above another. These pots are adorned This goddess commanded the elements, but with the leaves of the Margosier, a tree concould not preserve that empire longer than secrated to her. Fearing her son Parassouher heart was pure. One day, while she rama would no longer adore her, she prayed was collecting water out of a tank, and, ac- the Deverkels to grant her another child, cording to her custom, was making with and they gave her Catavareyen; the Parias that and earth a bowl to carry it to the divide their adoration between his mother house, she saw on the surface of the water and him. Mariatale is by many authors some figures of Grandouers, who were flying called the devil Ganga. They sacrifice heover her head. Struck with their charms, goats to her.” desire seized her heart. The earth of the bowl liquified, and the water mixed again “ VICHENOU resides in the sea of milk, in with that of the tank. From this time she contemplative repose, throned on Addiswas obliged to make use of a vase. This sechen, or Seja, the thousand-headed serinability discovered to Chamadaguini that pent who supports the universe. They his wife had deviated from purity, and in reckon seven seas:' 1, of salt; 2, of butter; the excess of his rage he ordered his son to 3, of tain, or curdled milk; 4, of calon, the drag her to the place where criminals were liquor drawn from the palm ; 5, of the serexecuted, and to behead her. This order pent; 6, of water ; 7, of milk, which they was executed, but Parassourama was so call tirouparcadel." much afflicted for the loss of his mother, that Chamadaguini told him to take up the “ The two Rachaders, Ragou and Quebody and fasten the head upon it, which he dou, were metamorphosed into snakes, one had cut off, and repeat a prayer in her ear, red, the other black. They are enemies to which he taught him, and his mother would the Sun and Moon, who prevented them come again to life. The son ran eagerly to from swallowing a portion of the Amortam. perform what he was ordered, but by a very Eclipses happen when they attack them.” singular blunder, he joined the head of his mother to the body of a Parichi who had “DEVENDREN, in the figure of a handsome been executed for her crimes : a monstrous man, one day went to find a courtesan, to assemblage which gave to this woman the prove if she would be faithful to him. He virtues of a goddess and the vices of a crimi- promised her great rewards, and she received nal. The goddess becoming impure by such him well during the whole night. Devena mixture, was driven from her house, and dren counterfeited death, and the courtesan committed all kinds of cruelties. The De- was so prepossessed of the truth, that she verkels perceiving the destruction she made, absolutely would be burned with him, though appeased her in giving her the power to they represented to her that he was not her cure the small-pox, and promising her she husband. As she was going to precipitate should be implored for that disorder.-Ma- herself into the flames, Devendren awoke, riatale is the great goddess of the Parias, acknowledged the deceit, took her for his who place her above the Deity. To honour wife, and carried her into his paradise.” her, they have a custom of dancing with several pots of water on their heads, placed "MANMADIN once dared to shoot his ar

The sculptured form of Marriataly stood;
It was an idol roughly hewn of wood,

Artless, and mean, and rude ;
The goddess of the poor was she;
None else regarded her with piety."

The Curse, ii. 8.-J. W. W.

| In the extract from Kindersley, Poems, p. 610, there is some little difference. The quotation is to the line, “Yea, the seven earths, that, each with its own ocean," &c.

Mount Culusay, xix, 6.

J. W. W.


rows at Eswara. The god darted flame from me, when I asked him why Cama, or Love,
the eye in his forehead, and consumed him was represented as her son."-SIR W.JONES.
to ashes. Afterwards be restored him to

"The appropriate seat of Mahadeva (Es

wara) was mount Cailása, every splinter of “ AROUNin, a lame Deverkel, conducts the whose rocks was an inestimable


His chariot of the sun. The chariot is supported terrestrial haunts are the snowy hills of at one end by Mount Merou, the rest is Himalaya, or that branch of them to the sustained by the air. There is only one east of the Brahmaputra, which has the name wheel. It is drawn by seven green horses. of Chandrasic' hara, or the Mountains of the The Valaguilliers, to the number of 60,000, Moon." —Ibid. follow the sun in his twelve chambers, adoring him, and singing his praise.

THERE the sun shines not, nor the moon “ The mountain Merou is composed of and stars. These lightnings flash not in that 8,000 small mountains. It is of gold, in the place : how should even fire blaze there? middle of the earth. The gods alone can God irradiates all this bright substance, and go there. With this mountain they churned by its effulgence the universe is enlightened. the sea of milk to make the Amortam."1

From the Yajurveda. Asiat. R.

This may be finely applied to Eswara's “Takin is one of the ten Brahmas. Thir- glory throne. teen of his daughters married the Penitent Cassiapen. Of these Adidi was mother Hæc ait, et sese radiorum nocte suorum of the Deverkels; Singinde, of Ragou and Claudit inaccessum.'” COLUMBUS. Quedou ; Vinde, of Arounin the lame; Catrou, of all snakes; Arite, of twelve lovely “ JAMBU is the Sanscrit name of a delidaughters, the eldest of whom, Arambe, is cate fruit, called Jaman by the Muselmans, the dancer of the Deverkels."

and by us rose-apple: but the largest and richest sort is named Amrita, or Immortal;

and the mythologists of Tibet apply the same “ Ther believe that we receive from the word to a celestial tree bearing ambrosial moon a certain vital water which gathereth fruit, and adjoining to four vast rocks, from and disposeth itself in the brain, descending which as many sacred rivers derive their sethence, as from a source, into all the mem

veral streams."-Ibid. bers for their functions."-BERNIER.

It is odd that Sir W. Jones makes no re

mark upon this resemblance to the immor" ALL the Avatars were of a dark-blue talizing milk, or tree of life. colour, to mark their celestial descent."MAURICE.

“ GARUDA, whom Vishnu rides, is often

painted with the face of a beautiful youth, “ MAYA, or, as the word is explained by

and the body of an imaginary eagle. His some Hindu scholars, the first inclination of

name is better spelt Garura. He is the rathe Godhead to diversify himself (such is their

tional eagle.”—Ibid.
phrase), by creating worlds, is feigned to be
the mother of universal nature, and of all

“Kids are still offered to Cali, the wife the inferior gods; as a Cashmirian informed

of Siva, to palliate the cruelty of the slaugh-
ter which gave such offence to Buddha. The

Brahmans inculcate a belief that the poor
On" The Amreeta-cup of immortality," see
Notes to “ Curse of Kehama," Poems, p. 624.

victims rise in the heaven of Indra, where J. W. W. they become the musicians of his band.

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