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gave to the Association at Buffalo a member - The developinent towards professional reship of 2, 132 and it will certainly be in good quirements for all teachers, upon which we form for the state of Wisconsin to give the As have cominented elsewhere, is shown by the sociation at Milwaukee a membership of 2,- following resolution adopted at the last session 133."

of the Illinois Teachers' Association: Re- The proportion of young women in the uni

solved. That we view with profound gratificaversity to the young men remains about what it

tion the Act passed by the legislature of New

York, by which no teacher can be certificated was ten years ago, but it must be remembered that there are practically no women in the col

for position in village or city schools unless he leges of law, engineering. agriculture, etc.

has had three years high school work in a Comparison of the enrollment in the college of

school approved by the superintendent, and letters and science, in which most of the

has passed a professional course in a normal young women are found, shows in 1886-7

school. That we also look with gratification only 116 women to 221 men, and in 1895-6

upon the movement in the Massachusetts leg.

islature which provides that no teacher shall 327 women to 491 men.

be certificated for the schools of Massachusetts --The report of President Adams shows the unless he has had a professional training growth in attendance at the university in the course. That we consider this one of the ten years from 1886–7 to and including 1895-6 most marked movements in the direction of to be alınost exactly three hundred per cent. better education in this century. Further, At the first date the enrollment was 539, and that we, as an Association, petition the legisat the last 1,598. The most marked growth lature to pass a similar law, to take effect from has been in the college of letters and science the beginning of the new century.” —from 386 to 815, in the college of engineering—from 75 to 207, and in the college of ag

-Of the relations of the university to the

accredited high schools President Adams says riculture--from 25 to 190.

in his annual report: “During the past year - The Executive Committee of the N. E. A. an effort has been made to strengthen the tie has received official announcement that the that binds together the university and the preWestern Passenger Association has granted, paratory schools. We fully realize that the for the Milwaukee meeting, July 6-9, a rate of university is a part of the school system of the one fare plus $2.50 for the round trip, ($2.00 state, and that whenever there is evidence on account of membership fee and 50 cents on that a preparatory school is doing the work account of expenses of joint railway agency at required by law and a proper standard at the Milwaukee.) Tickets will be on sale July 3rd, university, its pupils should be admitted to 4th and 5th, from all points in Western Pas- the university without any other examinations senger Association territory east of the east- than those passed in the preparatory schools. ern state lines of Colorado and Wyoming, and In order to insure as much uniformity as poson July 2nd, 3rd and 4th from all points west sible, it is required by the university that an thereof. An extension of time limit for re- inspection of every school should take place turn, until August 31, 1897, will be granted at least once in three years, and when importon tickets deposited with joint agent at Mil ant changes in the staff of instruction of the waukee on or before July 12, 1897.

school occur, such inspection is required as - Marinette supports a child-study circle whose

may seem to be necessary. The methods of membership is made up of teachers and par

inspection, so far as we can learn, are advan

tageous and satisfactory to the schools, as well ents, is now in its second year, and is in a flourishing condition. The circle promises to

as to the university. In two or three instances,

where the university committee felt compelled do much good in the way of creating a proper

to point out defects which must be reinedied sentiment toward right education. A move

before the school could be admitted to the of importance has been initiated, namely, the appointment of a committee of two ladies each

accredited list, or be continued on it, dissatis

faction has been expressed; but in general the to visit the various schools and to report at a subsequent meeting. Some of these visits

examining officers have been welcomed not

only by school baards, but also by the staff of have been made, and it is understood that an urgent plea for better conditions will be made.

instruction of the school, and the suggestions The board of education has asked that the re

made by the examiners have almost invariably port be made to them; also through the influ

been received in most excellent spirit" ence of the society women will probably be represented on the board of education.


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THE NEW HIGH SCHOOL BUILDING AT PRAIRIE DU CHIEN. The first floor of the building is occupied by

the first and second primary departments and The new high school building at Prairie du a botanical laboratory. The second floor is Chien was dedicated February 5, 1897. Short used entirely by the high school. The main speeches were made by local speakers. Dr. room, which can accommodate 125 pupils, is J. W. Stearns and State Inspector W. H.

well lighted and furnished with Grand Rapids

rubberless automatic single seats. On one Chandler made addresses appropriate to the

side is a large alcove which is used for referoccasion, which were inspiring to the commu- ence books and a reading table; this room is nity.

furnished with electric lights. The entire The building is built of red brick, two sto- building is heated by steam. The interior of ries in height, and cost $12,000. It is 78 feet the building is furnished throughout with the long, 70 feet wide and contains three main best venetian blinds and artificial slate black assembly rooms, two large laboratories, a li- boards. brary, a superintendent's office and two recita- The library, found on the second floor, contion rooms. The front entrance, 30 feet tains about five hundred books for use in all square, has an octagon tower 50 feet high sur- departments of the public schools. Efforts mounted by a flag-staff 24 feet high. The will be made during the present year to make basement, under the entire building, is high valuable additions in the way of supplementand well lighted. It is the intention to have ary reading for the grades as well as for more it fitted up for toilet rooms in the near future. extended work in the high school.

PENNSYLVANIA NORMAL SCHOOLS AND THE COLLEGES. of many nationalities. The story is told as

follows: Whilst the elementary course does not aim "One evening, as we were quitting the to fit students for college but is designed to Straits of Bonefacio, some one remarked at prepare teachers for the ordinary common dinner that, tho Victor Hugo was born in school, the normal schools have, by instruc- Paris, the earliest impressions of his life were tion in addition to their regular courses, fitted received in Corsica, close to which we were many of their students for admission into col- passing. Ten or twelve of us lingered after lege and given them the desire for a higher the meal was finished to talk of the great education. The charge used to be made that. French poet. One of the party spoke of him by the bestowing of diplomas at the end of an as embodying, more than any other writer, the elementary course the attention of young peo- humanistic tendencies of the nineteenth cenple was diverted from the benefits of a college tury and as the exponent of what is best in training and that the colleges suffered from this humanity. cause. But normal school pupils are not the “We had been talking in French, when the only students who get stranded before they Russian lady exclaimed in English to the reach the haven of a complete education; col gentleman who had last spoken: “How can leg, boys in large numbers also fall by the you, an American, give to him the place that way. The fact that normal schools stimulate is occupied by your own Longfellow? Longand prepare their students for higher institu- fellow is the universal poet. He is better tions of learning, has not diminished, but known, too, among foreigners than any one rather enhanced their value as professional except their own poets.' Then she comschools, and the annexed statistics showing menced repeating, in rich, mellow tones: how many of their former pupils were last

'I stood on the bridge at midnight, year enrolled at different colleges, prove that

As the clocks were striking the hour, no matter what may have been true in the

And the moon rose over the city

Behind the dark church tower.' past, the reigning spirit at these schools now

I recall how her voice trembled over the words: tends strongly in the direction of higher edu

"And the burden laid upon me cation.

Seemed greater than I could bear.' Table showing number of students from each

and how it swelled out in the concluding lines: state normal school in attendance last year at

And the moon and its broken reflection colleges and universities:

And its shadows shall appear First District, West Chester ............

As the symbol of love in Heaven, Second District, Millersville ........

And its wavering image here.'

It was dramatic and never to be forgotten. Third District, Kutztown ...


Then she added: "I long to visit Boston that Fourth District, East Stroudsburg Fifth District, Mansfield ..........

I may stand on the Bridge. Sixth District, Bloomsburg ........

“In the company was an English captain reSeventh District, Shippensburg .....

turning from the Zulu war. He was the son Eighth District, Lock Haven .......

of that member of parliament who had been Eleventh District, Slippery Rock .....

the chief supporter of the claimant in the faTwelfth District, Edinboro.............

mous Tichborne case, and who had poured out Thirteenth District, Clarion ............ 58

his .money like water in behalf of the man

whom he considered cruelly wronged. The It was impossible to get reliable statistics

captain was a typical British soldier, with from the normal schools of the Ninth and

every characteristic of his class. Joining our Tenth Districts. Pennsylvania School Re

steamer at Genoa, he had so far talked only port.

of the Zulus and, with bitter indignation, of LONGFELLOW THE UNIVERSAL POET.

the manner in which the Prince Imperial had

been deserted by British soldiers to be slain That Longfellow's poems, and especially his

by savages. As soon as the Russian lady had least mature ones, have sung themselves into

concluded he said: 'I can give you something many hearts in many lands, is, of course,

better than that and began in a voice like a known to everybody; but we were hardly pre- trumpet: pared for such a striking illustration of this fact

'Tell me not in mournful numbers as is narrated in a recent issue of The Inde

Life is but an empty dream.' pendent by Professor E. A. Grosvenor. The His recitation of the entire poem was marked incident occurred in 1879, on board the Mes- by the common English upheaval and downsageries steamer Donai, bound from Constanti- letting of the voice in each line; but it was nople to Marseilles, and conveying passengers evident that he loved what he was repeating.



“Then a tall, lank, gray-haired Scotchman,

'Zee seds of neet fair valeeng fast,

Ven trough an Alpeen veelage past who knew no French, who had hardly min

A yout, who bore meed snow and eece gled with the other passengers, and who

A bandair veeddees strange deveece seemed always communing with himself, sud

Excelsiorrr! denly commenced:

"Eh, voila,' he exclaimed, with satisfac'There is no flock, however watched and tended,

tion, 'I'ai appris cela a l'ecole. C'est tout But one dead lamb is there.'

l'anglais que je sais.'. He repeated only a few stanzas, but could 'Mais, commandant,' said the Russian apparently have given the whole poem, had he lady, ce n'est pas l'anglais du tout, ce que vous wished.

venez de dire la.' “For myself, I know that my contribution "Ah, oui, madame : ca vient de votre Longwas ‘My Lost Youth,' beginning

fellow.' 'Often I think of the beautiful town,

“None of the other passengers contributed, That is seated by the sea;

but already six nationalities had spoken Often in thot go up and down The pleasant streets of that dear old town

Scotch, Russian, Greek, French, English, and And my youth comes back to me.

American. As we rose from the table and And a verse of a Lapland song,

went up on deck to watch the lights glimmerIs haunting my memory still.

ing in Napoleon's birthplace, Ajaccio, the A boy's will is a wind's will, And the thots of youth are long, long thots.'

Russian lady said: “Do you suppose there is

any other poet of any country, living or dead, And with joy that is almost pain,

from whom so many of us could have quoted? My heart goes back to wander there,

Not one. Not even Shakespeare or Victor
And among the dreams of the days that were
I find my lost youth again.'

Hugo or Homer.'"
Never did the distance from an early home

WHO ARE THEY? seem so great to one, New England born, as in that strange company, gathered from many We are forced to believe that there are peolands, each with words upon the lip which the ple who consider themselves qualified to teach American had first heard in childhood.

children not only book education but morals "A handsome, olive-cheeked young man, a as well who will never pay for their educaGreek from Manchester, educated and living tional papers if they can help it. in England, said, 'How do you like this?' They are teachers who will wait until we Then he began to sing:

are compelled for self-protection to send state'Stars of the summer night!

ments repeatedly, who will then instead of Far in yon azure deeps,

apologizing for their neglect write most abuHide, hide your golden light.

sive letters to us for our presuming to dun" She sleeps! My lady sleeps!

them. Sleeps!'

We are glad to say, however, that in every So he rendered the whole of that exquisite case these are the teachers who are not qualiserenade-dear to American college students fied to teach, and who have no business what

-with a freedom and a fire which hinted that ever with a certificate, nor in the schoolroom. he had sung it at least once before on some. It is very noticeable that those teachers more appropriate occasion. Perhaps to some who best appreciate their journals, and who dark-eyed maiden of that elegant Greek colony are most prompt in payment, sending a graceof Manchester it had come as a revelation, and ful little word of apology if having overlooked perhaps she had first heard it sung in front of the matter, are the class whose letters indiher father's mansion and had looked down, cate culture, refinement and a desire for adappreciative but unseen, from the window vancement. above.

We heartily wish for the sake of the great "The captain of the Donai was not her reg- cause of education, for the sake of the dear ular commander, but an officer of the national boys and girls who are sent to school with a French navy, who was in charge only for a right to expect the teacher to appear a model few voyages. A thorough Frenchman, no one of all that is good and true; and who will be would have accused him of knowing a word influenced by that teacher's example, be it of any tongue save his own. Versatile, over- right or wrong; we heartily and earnestly wish flowing with wit and bons mots, it must have that the time would come when only ladies wearied him to be silent so long. To our and gentlemen, nature's true noble men and astonishment, in accents so Gallic that one noble women, could be given the high office of discerned with difficulty that he was attempt teachers in our public schools. — Educa. ing English, he intoned:

tional Gazette (Rochester, N. Y.).



March 12, 1822-May 11, 1872. Mr. Read was a Pennsylvanian, born on a farm in Chester county. He settled in Cincinnati in 1839, determined to make an artist of himself. Three years later he went to Boston, where he received encouragement from Washington Allstan, and became a friend of Longfellow. Here he began to write verse. Four years later he removed to Philadelphia, Some years after his artistic tastes drew him to Florence, and the remainder of his life was passed mostly in Italy and in Philadelphia.

Although known to most readers only by the spirited war lyric, Sheridan's Ride, which at once achieved wide popularity, Read was by no means a poet of but a single strain. His works indeed fill a large volume, and some of them as, for instance, The New Pastoral, The House by the Sea, and The Waggoner of the Alleghanies, are long narrative poems. His lyrics however have more beauty and power. In them he shows the accurate observation and eye for loveliness of the artist. Hawthorne said of him, “His pictures are poems — his poems pictures.” The rural scenes of his own Pennsylvania and Italian memories and faucies had the most fascination for him. Of these the Summer Shower” and “Drifting" may be taken as examples — the latter a charming experiment in versification. We have added “The Oath" because of President Lincoln's admiration of it. One evening when Mr. Murdoch was giving recitations in the senate chamber, the president called for this piece. On being told that the reader had not brought a copy of it, he replied, “Oh that is easily remedied; I have The Swear in my pocket.”

Sheridan's Ride.
Up from the south at break of day,
Bringing to Winchester fresh dismay,

The affrighted air with a shudder bore,
Like a herald in haste, to the chieftain's door,
The terrible grumble, and rumble, and roar,

Telling the battle was on once more,
And Sheridan twenty miles away.
And wider still those billows of war
Thundered along the horizon bar;
And louder yet into Winchester rolled
The roar of that red sea uncontrolled,
Making the blood of the listener cold,
As he thought of the stake in that fiery fray,
And Sheridan twenty miles away.
But there is a road from Winchester town,
A good broad highway leading down;
And there, thru the flush of the morning light,
A steed as black as the steeds of night
Was seén to pass, as with eagle flight.

As if he knew the terrible need,
He stretched away with his utmost speed;
Hills rose and fell; but his heart was gay,
With Sheridan fifteen miles away.
Still sprung from those swift hoofs, thundering south,
The dust like smoke from the cannon's mouth;
Or a trail of a comet, sweeping faster and faster,
Foreboding to traitors the doom of disaster.
The heart of the steed and the heart of the master.
Were beating like prisoners assaulting their walls,
Impatient to be where the battle-field calls;
Every nerve of the charger was trained to full play.
With Sheridan only ten miles away.
Under his spurning feet the road
Like an arrowy Alpine river flowed,
And the landscape sped away behind
Like an ocean flying before the wind,
And the steed, like a barque fed with furnace iro.
Swept on, with his wild eye full of fire.
But lo! he is nearing his heart's desire;
He is snuffing the smoke of the roaring fray,
With Sheridan only five miles away.
The first that the general saw were the groups
Of stragglers, and then the retreating troops.
What was done? What to do? a glance told him both;
Then striking his spurs, with a terrible oath
He dashed down the line mid a storm of huzzas,
And the wave of retreat checked its course there, because
The sight of the master compelled it to pause,
With foam, and with dust the black charger was gray,
By the flash of his eye, and the red nostril's play,
He seemed to the whole great army to say,
"I have brought you Sheridan all the way
From Winchester down to save the day!"
Hurrab! hurrah for Sheridan!
Hurrah! hurrah for horse and man!
And when the statues are placed on high,
Under the dome of the Union sky,
The American soldier's Temple of fame;
There with the glorious general's name,
Be it said in letters both bold and bright,
"Here is the steed that saved the day,
By carrying Sheridan into the fight,
From Winchester, twenty miles away!''

The Summer Shower.
Before the stout barvesters falleth the grain,
As when the storm-wind is reaping the plain;
And loiters the boy in the briery lane;

But yonder aslant comes the silvery rain,
Like a long line of spears, brightly burnished and tall.

Adown the white highway, like cavalry fleet,
It dashes the dust with its numberless feet.
Like a murmurless school, in their leafy retreat,

The wild birds sit listening the drops round them beat, And the boy crouches close to the blackberry wall.

The swallows alone take the storm on the wing.
And taunting the tree-sheltered laborers, sing.
Like pebbles the rain breaks the fall of the spring,

While a bubble darts up from each widening ring;
And the boy, in dismay, hears the loud shower fall.

But soon are the harvesters tossing the sheaves;
The robin darts out from its bower of leaves;
The wren peereth forth from the moss-covered eaves;

And the rain-spattered urchin now gladly perceives
That the beautiful bow bendeth over them all.

The Oath.
Ye freemen, how long will ye stifle

The vengeance that justice inspires?
With treason how long will ye trifle,

And shame the proud name of your sires? Out, out with sword and the rifle

In defense of your homes and your fires.

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