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the courses of study in sixteen German cities,

THE MONTH. carry forward satisfactorily our knowledge of current educational developments in that na

WISCONSIN NEWS AND NOTES. tion. A clear account of the organization and work of the Swiss normal schools follows. The

-A new school building, to cost $31, 200, is resume of current German discussion of men

in process of erection in the second district at tal fatigue in school, in other words overstrain,

Appleton. is stimulating; and Prof. Waetzoldt's "National Features of Female Education" con

-Harvard University, with its 4,596 stucludes the chapter.

dents and 370 instructors, is the largest AmerThe subject presented from a national stand

ican university. point in Prof Waetzoldt's paper is further de- -The football team of the Madison high veloped in a chapter on Facilities for Univer- school has won every game in which it played sity Education of Women in England and an- during the past season. other on the Educational Status of Women in different countries.

-The Department of Superintendence of

the National Educational Association will Under the title “Chautauqua; a Social and

meet at Indianapolis February 18th, 19th and Educational Study” we have a detailed view,

2oth. occupying one hundred pages, of this American form of extension teaching treated under

-In the schools of Superior there are emsome forty different heads or topics. This was

ployed a superintendent, three special superprepared by Prof. H. B. Adams, and is sup

visors, viz., of kindergartens, of music and of

There are ten plemented in the second volume, soon to ap- drawing, and 121 teachers. pear, by a check list of American summer school buildings belonging to the city. The schools and a history of the summer school Nelson Dewey high school employs six teachmovement. We here add a few notes of other ers and the Broadway high school seven. matters to be treated in that volume. Agri- Twenty-four teachers are employed in the kincultural and mechanical colleges have a chap- dergartens of the city. ter devoted to them; the School District, now -Hotel Pfister, in Milwaukee, has been serapidly undergoing modification in so many lected as the executive headquarters of the states, has another; the transportation of chil- National Educational Association next sumdren to and from school is carefully studied in mer. The general local committee of arrangethe light of experience; two historical chap

ments is composed of Albert J. Lindemann, ters, one containing Dr. Mayo's early educa

Wm. George Bruce, and S. Y. Gillan. Cor. tional history of this country, and the other respondence pertaining to the business of the giving a sketch of domestic, social, and school committee should be addressed to the secrelife in middle Georgia during the period of its tary, William George Bruce. first settlement, attract attention; a chapter is given to the Atlanta Exposition, and another

-The report of Sup't Elson of Superior, which ought to be very suggestive to our teach

shows a total enrollment in the city of 6,112 ers, to English text books on the American

persons of school age, of whom 4,947 are enRevolution. A number of consular reports

rolled in the city schools. The superintendent

attributes this large ratio of enrollment, 89 on educational subjects complete the volume. This very cursory and incomplete statement

per cent. of the census total, to the policy of

free text-books now in force in the city. The will serve at least to indicate the range and importance of the matters treated. Dr. Har- average life of a book he says is about five ris has made these annual reports of very great

years, and they are less injured and defaced value to all students of education. Acquaint- pupils than when owned by them. The cost

under good management when loaned to the ance with them will broaden the views of any

of new books last year was about thirty-four one engaged in teaching and is well nigh indispensable to those who are charged with the

cents per pupil. direction of schools and seriously desirous of -At the meetings of the Department of keeping abreast of the times.

S. Superintendence of the N. E. A. in Indianap

olis, Feb. 16-17th, there will be papers and -The enrollment in the Madison high discussions on Primary Courses of Instruction, school has reached 467. In the city schools State Superintendence, Child Study, Art in there are 2,528 pupils, and in the city there Education, Supervision, and the Relations of are 4.921 persons of school age. Fifty-six Teachers to Citizens. Also Round Tables teachers are employed in the city schools. will be held for the discussion of summer ses


sions, libraries and college entrance require- terest chiefly to specialists, but this address, ments, and a round table of the Herbart and that by the retiring president, Prof. C. R. Club.

Van Hise of the state university, on Earth - The program of the Iowa State .Teach

Movements” were of very general interest. ers' Association shows, in addition to the gen- -At the Ozaukee county institute Sup't eral sessions and the department sessions, an Fehlandt was presented by the teachers with a educational council and a series of twelve portfolio of photographs of famous scenes and round tables. It may be interesting to enu- works of art. Two hundred and thirty-six merate them. They are round tables of book premiums awarded at the last county women, city superintendents, primary teach- fair were handed over to the teachers to be ers, high school, grammar and intermediate distributed to their pupils whose work had teachers, child study, country teachers, draw- won them. ing teachers, county superintendents, princi- -At the examination for teachers' state pals, kindergartens and music teachers. The

certificates, held at Madison, Dec. 29-31 st, meetings hold for three days.

the following persons completed their work -An item in the daily papers announces

and were granted certificates:

Life: Andrea M. Anderson, Stoughton; that the Chicago board of education has decided to make relentless war on the cigarette,

O. O. Force, Pardeeville; Anna Hammond, so far as it comes into the lives of school chil- Boscobel; Ellen F. Marsh, Elkhorn; George dren. The trustees received and accepted a

H. Reed, Waukesha; Francis J. Taugher, Osreport from the school management committee recommending that Attorney D. C. Mor

LIMITED: Chas. E. Brady, Osman; Herrow be instructed to proceed at once to pros

man Fischer, Pardeeville; Dan. W. Loughlin, ecute cigarette dealers in the vicinity of the

Manitowoc; Mary A. McCabe, Reedsburg; Agassiz school, who have been dispensing the

Charles T. Peterson, Independence; Mrs. enervating pipes" among the small boys of

Hildor Rice, Stoughton; Walter Stokey, Mishthe locality. Attorney Morrow will begin a

icot; Richard Whitford, Sturgeon Bay; Cora dozen cases.

May Morgan, Hartford.

COUNTY SUPERINTENDENTS: Ethan A. -One interesting result of the meeting of Cleasby, Eleva; Ira L. Cole, Dorchester; Althe State Library Association at Ashland,

bert Guttmann, Manitowoc; Henry Linke, Nov. 13th and 14th, was the formation of the Hillsboro; Louise W. Shultz, Sturgeon Bay; Northern Wisconsin Free Traveling Library Mrs. Myrtie G. Cady, Birnamwood. Association, with its headquarters at the Vaughn public library in Ashland. The or

-In Superior, tests of the hearing and sight ganization was effected by the election of the

of pupils in the grades of the city schools were following officers: President, Mrs. Emeline

made. From twenty to thirty-nine per cent. E. Vaughn, founder of the Vaughn Library,

of the pupils were found to be defective in Ashland. Vice-presidents, Rev. Stanley.E.

hearing, the highest per cent. appearing in the Lathrop, Ashland; Prof. H. W. Rood, Wash

sixth grade. From twenty-one to thirty-seven burn; Robert Inglis, Bayfield; Pres. T. C. Mc

per cent. were found defective in vision, the Neill, West Superior; Hon. R. L. McCormick,

fourth grade here showing the highest per cent. Hayward; Prin. C. M. Gleason, Rhinelander: Superintendent Elson says: "Of course these Rev. S. H. Murphy, Phillips. Secretary and

tests amounted to a revelation in many Librarian, Miss Janet M. Green, Librarian of

cases and led to a re-seating ofpupils, givVaughn Library, Ashland.

ing those having defective hearing the most

advantageous position near the teacher and -We have space barely to mention the those having defective sight the most fameetings of the Wisconsin Academy of Sci- vorable positions as to light. Many beneficial ences, Arts, and Letters, which occurred in results have come from these tests. They Milwaukee parallel with the meetings of the throw a flood of light on attitude and tendenTeachers' Association. They began, however, cies in children that were attributed to other on Monday evening with an opening address causes and were thus cases of mis-interpretacomplimentary, to members of the Teachers' tion of child-motive. They showed serious Association, by Prof. Rollin D. Salisbury, of cases which were referred to physicians for Chicago, who gave an interesting account of treatment." He thinks the defective hearing his own studies in Greenland, illustrated by is in most cases due to throat and nasal lantern projections. The papers of the Asso- troubles, tonsilitis, catarrh, etc., and if obciation are of course often technical and of in- served in season may in very many cases be overcome by proper treatment. This constitu. cent county, state and national election, and tes an additional reason for attention to these although so near most of us are not as well inmatters in school.

formed about matters relating thereto as we -At a meeting held in Milwaukee, Dec.

ought to be. The money question having 17th, the State Board of Control elected unan

formed the main national controversy I have

deemed it a fit subject for study and likewise imously Dr. A. W. Wilmarth, first assistant

the related banking question. Questions of physician at the Norristown, Pa., insane hospital, superintendent of the new home for general interest on current events have been feeble minded at Chippewa Falls. Messrs.

added as last year.” The circular contains a Guenther and Heg, members of the board,

list of books of special use in studying the subwho have been in the east looking for a suita- jects and lists of questions to guide those using

them. ble man to place at the head of the new institution, reported that everywhere they went

CORRECTIONS TO THE HIGH SCHOOL LIST. they heard only the highest commendations of Dr. Wilmarth's ability. He received his train- DR. J. W. STEARNS:- Dear Sir: I have ing in the institution for feeble minded at El- looked over that long list of high school teachwyn, Pa., and has come to be regarded as one ers on pages 283–287 of JOURNAL. It must of the greatest specialists of the country on have cost many hours of careful work, but I pathology of idiocy. For two years past he note as follows an occasional error connected has been first assistant physician at the Nor- with this school. ristown institution. He is about 40 years old. Black River Falls-Lillian Clark, O. N. S. I The members of the Wisconsin board are sat

Green Bay-Della L. Bump, O. N. S.*

Emma Scheffler, O. N. S. isfied that his selection at the head of the new

Kaukauna-Nellie B. Jones, O. N. S.* Wisconsin institution will prove a most wise

Racine-A. N. Ozias, (Should not be credited to one. His salary was fixed at $2,000 a year

O. N. S.;)

Two Rivers—Elmer E. Carr, O. N. S.* and he will assume his new duties on Jan. Ist West De Pere-John D. Conley, 0. N. S. or as soon thereafter as possible. The board

Kiel - Margaret Hessel, O. N. S. had previously selected its steward, C. K.

Yours truly, Erwin, of Tomah, and the other members of

L. W. BRIGGS. the staff of the home will be chosen before

Oshkosh, Dec. 8, 1896. Feb. ist, about which time the institution will

[*Reported State Normal School," as our record did

not show which school. be opened.

A printer's blunder, O. S. U. (Obio State University) be

ing read O. S. N. -Sup't Roesseler, of Sauk county, issues a Records indicate that she holds only a five year certifi. very interesting program for the local insti- cate, not a diploma.

We are much obliged for the corrections.—ED.] tutes for 1896-7. They are confined to history, geography, civil government and finance.

THE ACADEMY AT OSHKOSH. He says by way of introduction: raphy I have chosen a study of Spain for sev- PROF. J. W. STEARNSDear Sir:-In the eral reasons. First, because in its relation to last issue of the WISCONSIN JOURNAL OF EDUthe Cubian rebellion it has for some time at- CATION, in noticing the enrollment of the Oshtracted the eyes of the world and especially of kosh normal school you raised an inquiry regardthe American people. Second, because it is ing the meaning of the sixty-one enrolled in more interwoven with the early history of the the Academy." As you probably know, it was American continent than most other European found impossible in 1895 longer to accommonations. In discovery it was the first in the date the preparatory classes in the normal field and in the extent of its exploration and building, the inflow of strictly normal grade colonization it surpassed all its rivals. A students being so large. A preparatory acadthird reason because two prominent American emy was organized in a spacious building, writers have made a special study of Spain. which by chance stood within a half block of A study of Spain thus gives us a chance to the normal school, in charge of an able gradbecome familiar with their valuable writings. uate of our school. For special reasons I have selected Irving's All candidates for admission to the normal writings alone. It would be most fitting to school are examined by its officers, as a matmake a study of France the coming year and ter of course, and those falling into the prefollow this with a study of England and the paratory grades are specifically classified and Netherlands for similar reasons. In civil sent to the academy for training; examinagovernment, local and national, I have chosen tions for promotion being held quartetly. subjects which have touched us all in the re- The institution is conducted entirely under

"In geog

private control, except that the classification of its students is made by us, and all students thus far enrolled are in strict line of preparation for the normal school work.

The note in our formal card is made as instituting a complete comparison with all the other normal schools where preparatory work is conducted, but not placed under the head of our registration for the foregoing reasons. Very truly yours,

G. S. ALBEE. Oshkosh, Dec. 16, 1896.

Andrew P. Hollis, Oswego Normal, N. Y.
Grace Howe, South Dakata Normal.
Albert S. Kingsford, Winona Normal, Minn.
Grant Smith, Madison, Iowa Normal.

Adaline B. Rockwell, Oneida, N. Y., Oswego Normal, N. Y.




Milwaukee Normal. Marion C. Houlan, Milwaukee. Elizabeth M. McNancy, Milwaukee. Ella M. Niederman, Milwaukee. Margaretta B. Smith, Milwaukee. Mary O. Alden, Milwaukee. Myrtes B. Clark, Milwaukee.

Oshkosh Normal. Albert B. O'Neill, Rosendale. William F. Thiel, Schleisingerville. Thorval J. Thorson, Scandinavia. Ezra T. Towne, Waupun. Hattie L. Goetsch, Watertown.

EDITOR OF THE JOURNAL OF EDUCATION: -Dear Sir: In 1889 on Sept. 21st the sun set at 6:00 o'clock and rose at 5:46 The earliest that it set in Dec. 1889 was at 4:28 on the 4th, and the latest that rose was 7:30 on Dec. 31st. In 1896, Sept. 21st, it rose at 5:46 and set at 5:59 varying only one minute from 1889 same date. The latest it rises in 1896 is 7:41, Dec. 25th, and the earliest it sets is 4:16 on Dec. 4th.

Although the setting and rising is practically the same for Sept. 2 Ist each year, why should there be a variation of ten minutes in the latest setting and a variation of 12 minutes in the earliest rising, thereby changing the length of Dec. days 22 minutes? Is the above correct or is it an error of the almanac? Will you please explain in next JOURNAL and greatly oblige

Yours truly,

Sharon, Wis., Dec. 14, 1896.

[There is very evidently here an error in the almanac used by our correspondent. In the latitude of Madison the latest sunrise is Dec. 31st, 7:30 A. M., and the earliest sunset is Dec. IO, 4:22 P. M. There is practically no variation in these data from year to year.-Ed.]



Whitewater Normal.
Ross E. Andrews, Mukwonago.
Florence E. Averill, Whitewater.
Maud M. Averill, Whitewater.
M. R. Dickie, North Freedom.
Laura L. Houghton, Whitewater.
Katharine R. Pray, Stevens Point.
Helen L. Pray, Stevens Point.
Andrew D. Tarnutzer, Sauk City.
Myrtie H. Benedict, Menomonie.
Sadie E. Hurlbut, Elkhorn.
George D. Luetscher, Sauk City.
Harriett E. McCulloch, Janesville.
Anna Norseman, Norway Grove.
Harry B. Wilson, Fort Atkinson.

Platteville Normal.
John Arbuthnot, Woodman.
Guerdon C. Buck, Platteville.
Clara E. Maynard, Platteville.
Emma F. Rowan, Sparta.
Anna L. Burton, Livingstone.
Mary R. Huff, Boscobel.
John W. Raymer, Cadiz.
George Thomas, Rewey.

DR. J. W. STEARNS - Dear Sir:The enrollment of the Platteville state normal school for the first quarter of the present school year was as follows: Normal department, 448; preparatory department, 43; grammar department, 50; intermediate department, 36; primary department, 33.

Total 610. The county superintendents of Grant, LaFayette, Iowa and Crawford counties asked us to offer during the fall term a ten weeks "teachers' course." They induced many of their teachers to take this course. This accounts for the large enrollment during the fall term. We expect a smaller attendance during the remainder of the year.

Yours truly,

JAMES CHALMERS. Platteville, Dec. 15, 1896.

River Falls Normal. Rosa M. Cheney, River Falls. C. A. Donnelly, Meeker's Grove.

WISCONSIN CITY SUPERINTENDENTS' CONVENTION. talks by several superintendents, made up the

program, followed by a social occasion. Some notes of the third annual convention

At the hotel were interesting displays of reof city superintendents, held at Oshkosh Nov.

port blanks, records, devices, etc., used by 27-28th, may be of interest to readers of the

different superintendents for systematizing and JOURNAL. This body is not large and has rendering efficient their work, which were dilnot sought to gain general attention, but it is igently examined and criticised. composed of men who have much influence,

It will be seen that the meeting was practiand the practical work undertaken indicates cal and full of interest, and that results of perthat it must be counted with as one of the

manent value to the schools of the state may chief forces in shaping the educational policy be confidently expected to come from the of Wisconsin. The banquet hall of the Hotel meetings of this body. Supt. D. D. Mayne, Athearn was the place of meeting, and the of Janesville, was elected president for the formulation of an elementary course of study

next year.

X. as a model for guidance of school officers was the immediate practical task discussed this MY IMPRESSIONS OF THE ASHLAND LIBRARY MEETING. year.

There were no regular papers, but topics for discussion were outlined by the execu- Being in Ashland last Friday afternoon I tive committee, and the talk upon them was dropped into the library meeting in session earnest and pointed. A committee was ap- there and becoming interested I stayed pointed by the chairman, Supt. Dudgeon, to throughout. In the first place I was impressed prepare a course of study for consideration at by the Vaughn library. Although not large, the next meeting in May, consisting of Super- its pleasant rooms and tasteful fittings give intendents D. D. Mayne, of Janesville; B. T. it an air of home coinfort and ease. Davis, of Oshkosh; H. L. Terry, of Wauke- The meeting itself was very interesting. I sha; C. F. Viebahn, of Watertown, and A. A. was particularly struck with the enthusiasm for Upham, of Whitewater. The discussion in- library work.

The members were, as one dicated a belief that the existing programs speaker said, “a band of plotters, scheming need considerable modification, by dropping and planning to lure wayward children into some subjects now generally included, by omit- the libraries.” Mr. Hutchins, the genial ting, transposing and simplifying topics in chairman of the Wisconsin library commission, other subjects; by introducing some work now presided, and one could not but gain somereserved for the high schools, and transferring thing of an inspiration from his remarks made to the high schools' work now done in the as occasion offered upon different subjects but grades.

always very practical and to the point. AnGeography and language work received con- other inspiring and lovable person was present, siderable attention. Whether in geography one who, with the help of her husband, has the analytic plan, beginning with the world as done so much for Ashland, Mrs. Vaughn. Her a whole, or the synthetic plan, beginning with interest in libraries is not merely a passing the locality, or a combination of both plans one but it has been the aim of her life to furshould be preferred; whether physical geog- nish some kind of free reading matter to the raphy should be made the basis of this instruc- people of her city. Others present were Mr. tion; the place of geography in the scheme of R. G. Thwaites, Secretary of Wisconsin Hisinstruction, and the stages and methods suited torical Society; Senator Stout, of Menomonie; to the grades; map drawing and the use of President McNiel, of Superior normal school; text-books,—these were some of the chief Miss Stearns, of the Milwaukee free library topics relating to the first.

As to language, and Miss Schrieber, of

and Miss Schrieber, of Milwaukee normal the hindrances to the formation of correct school. habits; the need of keeping abreast the growth I shall not attempt to go into a detailed reof thought and expression, so that language port of the meeting, but will touch upon a few exercises inay be efforts to give expression to particular points that struck me as important the thought of the pupil; 'natural science and and interesting history as affording material for language train- In the talk made by Mr. Thwaites upon the ing,—such were the chief themes.

collection of local historical materials, he laid A very pleasant reception was tendered the special stress upon the idea of collecting and superintendents at the normal school by the saving things of local interest. From all inresident normal and public school teachers on dications now we expect the world to run on the evening of the first day. Music, a dia- for thousands of years longer, and just as the logue by two young ladies, and five minute things of a century ago are interesting to us,

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