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-Examinations for county superintendents' shows not only its own prosperity, but the certificates will be held July 1st, 2nd and 3rd enormous advances in newpaper work which at Eau Claire, Ashland and Appleton.

have been made in the last half century. -Chippewa county summer school is held – It is announced that Superintendent Alat Chippewa Falls, July 6th to August 20th, bert Hardy of La Crosse, has accepted the by J. Leidenberg, R. R. Bold and E. O. Ew- position of institute conductor at the Platteing.

ville normal school. His thorough scholarship, -The summer school at Merrill, Lincoln long experience in educational work, and gencounty, began early, June 7th and is to close eral acquaintance with the schools and educaJuly 2nd. J. C. McDirvell and M. Mortensen tors of the state make him a strong man in his conduct it.

new field. -Dane county summer school at Oregon, -The catalogue of the new normal school runs from July 12th to August 13th, inclusive, at Superior shows a total registration, excluunder direction of Principals Franklin Gould sive of the practice schools, of 247. These and T. T. Blakely.

are not divided into classes as usual in normal -A summer school at Waukesha from July

catalogues. They are marked as high school 12th to August 6th inclusive will be con

graduates, of whom there are 59, and certifiducted by Prin. H. L. Terry, S. B. Ray and

cated at county examinations, of whom there Supt. J. H. Lowry.

are 53. -At Sparta, Monroe county, Principals

—The Waupaca normal institute at ManWm. F. Sell and C. R. Thomson, with Supt.

awa July 12th, for three weeks, is under charge A. A. Thomson conduct a summer school July

of Prof. E. C. Hewett, Miss Mary E. Turner 12th to August 13th.

of Stevens Point normal, and Principals Hickok

of Clintonville, and Stanley of Manawa. No -Wausau, Marathon county, is to have

tuition is charged, “the fee collected from all three summer schools this year, all beginning

this year; all beginning applicants for certificates making a fund suffiJuly 5th. They are conducted by Prin. Par

cient to pay the instructors.” The program lin, J. P. Briggs and C. M. Boyles.

includes algebra, geometry, physics, physical -Waushara county will have a summer geography, psychology and drawing, in addischool at Wautoma, July 19th to August 13th tion to third grade branches. conducted by Principals A. M. Olson, Eber

-The normal schools this year graduated Dafoe, J. W. Davis and Supt. Taylor.

254 students from the full courses. Certifi-The Walworth county summer school at cates were also granted from short courses to Elkhorn holds its fourth annual session July 163. The several schools are represented as 12th to August 13th, under the management follows in this statement: of Principals C. D. Kepp and C. W. Ritten

Advanced Elementary burg.

course. course.

Milwaukee...... -A new high school building is in process

Oshkosh .........

of erection at Evansville, to be completed for River Falls......
the opening of the next school year. Its erec Stevens Point.....

Superior ...... tion became necessary on account of the in

Whitewater ..... creased enrollment.

Total............ ........... 254 163 -Beloit high school graduated twenty-two this year, of whom three are men. Three

-A few settlements of teachers for the comgraduated in the ancient classical course, four

ing year have come to our knowledge. Mr. in the modern classical, eight in the English,

H. H. Liebenberg, who graduates this year at and seven in the general course.

the university, becomes teacher of mathematics

in the Madison high school. Mr. W. W. Wil- June 14th was quite generally observed as

liams, who has been pursuing graduate studies "flag-day” by the flying of the stars and stripes

at the university assumes charge of the Virofrom public buildings. The date is that of

qua high school. Mr. J. A. Borden, of the the adoption of the flag. Many schools ob

senior class at the university, takes the prinserved it with appropriate exercises.

cipalship at Marshall. Mr. A. B. O'Neill, of -The Milwaukee Evening Wisconsin issued the senior class, assumes charge of one of the a notable semi-centennial number June 8th. ward schools at Appleton. Miss Gertrude It contained, among other intesting matter, Spence becomes assistant at Ashland to teach a sketch of the history of that journal which Latin. Miss Avis A. McGilvra will teach



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Latin and German at West De Pere; and Miss other schools. The total enrollment for the Clara Stedman becomes assistant at Arcadia. April, 1895 quarter, was 177; 1896, 268; and -Supt. Bixby, of St. Croix county, writes:

this year there are 357 in attendance, a gain "My institute opens Monday, Aug. 2d. for of 89 during the past twelve months, and of two weeks. We shall use the high school

180 in two years—or more than double. It building at New Richmond. With the one

will be understood that this does not include dollar tax I am able to provide instructors for

the several model schools connected with the a good review in the academic work necessary

institution.” for a county certificate. I hire high school principals and also pay some of the expenses

COMMENCEMENT SUBJECTS. incurred in sustaining a department of general pedagogics, and a “normal training depart

[We venture to publish the following note, ment,” where teachers can observe and prac

believing it will interest many besides the pertice under the guidance of an experienced and

son to whom it is addressed. -Ed.] successful teacher. I used to conduct summer Dr. 7. W. Stearns, Dear Sir:--Enclosed I schools, but the tuition charge made them un- send you the program of our graduating exerpopular with certain classes of the public. cises. I would call your attention to the subSince the dollar tax I have united the two— jects chosen for the essays. For several years school and institute, and of course no charge we have been working in the line suggested for is made."

final essays in a recent article of the JOURNAL, -The last catalogue of the university shows

aiming to have simple subjects and introduc149 regularly accredited schools. Two or

ing as much matter of local interest as possithree have been added since the list was print

ble, especially on subjects in which we wish to ed. Of these 149 sixteen are outside the

arouse interest; for example the essays on noxstate, and eleven additional institutions are

ious weeds, birds and those pertaining to the academies and private schools. There thus

school. remain 122 high schools in the state on the

Last year local topics were brought in remlist. As the state list shows 139 schools with

iniscences of an old settler, and in an essay on full four year courses, it is apparent that most

the Aztalan mounds, with other topics referof these are accredited. However, there are

ring to school library, manual training, etc. accredited several high schools not on the state

The essays are very well received by the peolist, three in Milwaukee, two in Manitowoc, one

ple who seem to appreciate the subjects each at La Crosse, Oshkosh, Superior and


Very sincerely yours, Menomonie, nine in all, so that the actual

ALLEN B. WEST. number of free high schools of the state ac

Lake Mills, June roth. credited is one hundred thirteen. Of the 149

Other topics are: Familiar Pictures (about institutions thirty-one are accredited to all

Lake Mills); A Defense (of Athletics in our courses, forty-nine to all except the ancient

School); The Curfew (for children); The Revoclassical, thirty-eight to the general science,

lution of the Wheel (changes brought about eighteen to the English, and seven with scat

by the bicycle); A Look into the Future (of tered accrediting.

our school). -The following items regarding the nor

THE MEETINGS AT MILWAUKEE. mal school at Stevens Point are taken from the Gazette of that city: “High school A circular from the chairman of the press graduates who took the advanced course at committee says that representatives of the this normal during the first year; numbered committee on entertainment will be on board 34; second year, 55; and at the present all incoming trains to assign boarding places, time there is a total of 97 such graduates and a card of assignment with specific direcenrolled. These 97 come from 44 different tions can thus be secured before the train high schools. The total enrollment in reaches the city. Guides will then be in waiting strictly normal grades, on April ist, was to show strangers to their boarding places. 324, and the high school graduates represented Ample provision will be made for checking 29 per cent. of the total. Classes are now do- baggage. ing extra elective work in college Latin, geol A committee on bicycles will take charge of ogy and chemistry beyond the requirements of wheels at the Exposition Hall where the genany course. Of the students of the normal eral meetings will be held, and guides for grade, 144, or 44 percent. of the whole num- groups of cyclers will be provided every half ber, have had actual experience in teaching in day; they will show the wheelmen over the


city and suburbs by the most attractive routes. in the public schools, as supplementary geoA program of different routes both long and graphical readings to be used in connection short, routes for moderate speed and others with my series of photo productions. for scorchers will be prepared and distributed. For those who board in private families, but

THE CONVOCATION AT THE UNIVERSITY. who wish to have a place down town for a rendezvous where they may meet friends, write May 28th, 1897, about fifty of the superinletters, leave hand baggage, etc., the various tendents and supervising principals of schools state headquarters will furnish accommoda- in various parts of the state met in convoca

tion with members of the university faculty In attending the meeting you can secure a to discuss questions of mutual interest. round trip ticket from your nearest ticket President Adams called the morning session office for a single fare plus two dollars. The to order in Library hall; and after a few intwo dollars thus paid is turned over by the troductory remarks on the general purpose of R. R. Co. to the Treasurer of the Association the meeting, announced the first subject for and constitutes each buyer of a ticket a mem- discussion, The System of Inspection of Acber of the Association for the year 1897-'98. credited Schools-Are any Changes Desirable? The membership coupon entitles the holder to Professors Stearns and Hubbard spoke from a copy of the volume of proceedings at this the university point of view. No one memmeeting. The proceedings for 1896 make a ber of the faculty can do all the inspecting on volume of nearly 1,000 pages and cost the account of his university duties; but there is Association, for printing and binding, one dol- an advantage in this division of the work, for lar and forty cents for each volume. The in the course of a few years the reports kept membership coupon also entitles the holder to on file give the judgment of several inspectors reduced rates, and the services of the local re- upon the same school. The fact that the uniception committee in assigning the holder to versity tries to keep the expense as low as places where board and lodging may be had may be, makes frequent visits impossible, and at these rates. In view of the large attend consequently the inspection is less systematic ance, the committee cannot undertake to as- and efficient than it is in California, where sign places for entertainment at reduced rates every school is inspected every year on every to any others than members of the Associa subject. The problem has changed here with tion.

the greatly increased number of accredited From a circular issued by Prin. J. M. schools, and the system may be said to be in, Turner, of Burlington, we take the follow- a transitional, experimental stage. ing:

In the discussion that followed, several of I have been engaged by the Northern Pa- the school men spoke of the benefits of the cific R’y Co., to make a tour of the park, leav inspection, showing that it had an effect upon ing St. Paul about July roth with the inten- school boards in securing books and apparatus tion of rendering such assistance as I can to through recommendations of the inspectors, persons that desire to make the tour at that and raised the grade of instruction by helping time. All details of the trip have been ar- to rid schools of incompetent teachers. The ranged with the greatest care, so that I feel whole drift of the discussion was that the warranted in personally assuring you of such schools were helped by the system and that conveniences as go to make up a most de- more frequent inspections would increase its lightful trip.

efficiency. To be assured of ample accommodation, if As to changes and improvements, several you desire to go, write a few days ahead of suggestions were made. One was that the time and make definite arrangement with university assume the expense and exercise either Mr. C. C. Mordough, District Passen- the right to inspect whenever it saw fit. Anger Agent, Milwaukee, Wis., or Mr. Chas. S. other speaker suggested a commission to be Fee, General Passenger Agent, N. P. R’y., agreed upon by high school and university St. Paul Minn. .

authorities to have charge of inspection. AnI am personally offering-One Hundred Dol other proposition was that the various schools lars in goldto the person making the tour of should contribute to a common fund to be used the park and furnishing me with the best de- for defraying the cost of the inspection. It was scriptive write up of the park, in language and finally voted that the president appoint a comthought suitable for third or fourth reader pu- mittee to confer with the interests concerned, pils.

and report recommendations of any changes This description is to be published, for use that may appear advisable. President Adams

appointed the following to constitute the com- President Adams then yielded the chair to mittee: Supt. Hardy, La Crosse; Dr. Pratt, Supt. Mayne, president of the SuperintendMilwaukee; Professors Scott and Hubbard, of ents' assiociation, and a session of that organthe university; Principal Keeley, of Mayville. ization followed.

The last part of the morning session was Shortly after 6:00 o'clock, upon invitation taken up with the consideration of the ques- of President and Mrs. Adams, the members of tion, Ought Modifications to be Made in the the Convocation gathered upon the pleasant Curricula of High Schools or in the Methods of lawn overlooking the lake back of the presiInstruction?

dent's house, and listened to a concert by the President Adams in introducing this subject university musical organizations: the band, called attention to the effort in the east to glee club, banjo club, and girls' glee club. This bring about harmony in college entrance re- proved an attractive and enjoyable feature of quirements along the general lines of the re- the meeting. port of the Committee of Ten. On the sec From the lawn the faculty escorted its guests, ond part of the general question he spoke of the visiting superintendents and principals, to the preparation of students in English, and the large dining room of Ladies' Hall, where said the university had to give too much ele- a banquet had been prepared. Among others mentary instruction in this subject.

present besides the members of the convocaThe discussion brought up suggestions for tion were Regent B. J. Stevens and Supt. J. strengthening the teaching of English in the Q. Emery. After the tables had claimed due preparatory schools. Due emphasis being laid attention, President Adams as toast-master, upon the importance of teaching pupils to use introduced Supt. Williams of Fond du Lac, clear and correct language, not only in their Principal Hooper of Milwaukee, Supt. Upham formal written exercises in rhetoric and com- of Whitewater, and Professors Scott, Freeman, position, but also in their recitations and their C. F. Smith and Gregory, to respond to toasts. translations from other languages. The help. The applause that greeted all these speakers fulness of carefully conducted literary and de- marks them as approved after dinner orators. bating societies in the schools was also re- In point of attendance, in the interest and ferred to. Schools are too apt to accept as suggestiveness of the discussions, and in the teachers of English persons who have had little enjoyment that its social features afforded, the or no special training. The ideal method convocation must be called a success. It is to would be the employment of special teachers be hoped that this is only the first in a series of with time enough to do individual work with such meetings of the school men of the state pupils.

and the University faculty for conference on A test vote resulted adversely on the propo- subjects of lively interest and importance to sition that the university accept entrance cer- both.

H. A. S. tificates from the schools in all subjects except English.

VACATION SCHOOLS. As to needful changes in the curricula of preparatory schools it seemed to be felt that A well known Chicago lady recently left a some changes would be desirable. The dis- widow has started a new educational entercussion of this part of the question culminated prise which seems to be a movement in the in the adoption of a motion offered by A. F. right direction. It is a summer home for Rote, of Monroe, that the president appoint a girls who have no other place to spend the committee of five to investigate the curricula vacation. It will not be exactly a school but of high schools and academies and to confer the young people will be cared for, entertained with the state superintendent upon the co-or- and kept out of mischief, while at the same dination of the curricula of Wisconsin schools time a certain course of study will be kept up. with those of other states. The following There will be bicycle riding under competent were appointed to serve upon this committee: instructors and chaperons, there will be horseProf. Stearns, Supts. Mayne and MacMahon, back riding under the same regulations, and Prof. Freeman, Supt. Williams.

there will be walking, boating excursions, picIn the afternoon a short session was held in nics and thousands of other amusements the main lecture room of the college of law. mingled with instruction in vocal and instruThe time was occupied in considering the mental music, modern lauguages and other teaching of German in the preparatory schools. studies of a similar nature. The plan is to The survival of the so-called natural method take the young people and keep them interwas held responsible for deficiencies in this ested in legitimate and healthful amusements subject in some of the schools.

with regard to carrying on a course of study.

Reguliion to work on to themi

pelopsuitchman's with a littl

For ten months out of the year, children Andre. Among the climbing honeysuckles are kept within reasonable bounds by their are eight or ten fine, hardy varieties. The school work. Regular habits are inculcated, trumpet flower, Bignonia or Tecoma radicans, industry and application to work are enforced is hardy and beautiful. The Chinese wistaria and life goes on with satisfaction to them will succeed well over a broad region. Amselves and comparative comfort and happi- pelopsis Veitchii, the Virginia Creeper, and ness to their parents. There is something to the Dutchman's Pipe, Aristolochia sipho, are look forward to every day and the routine of all admirable. With a little more attention, work keeps up a serenity of mind which is in- running roses might also be employed. It valuable to health and happiness. But when will be seen that there is sufficient variety to vacation time comes all this is ended. There select from to suit almost all cases and situais no school, no work, no healthful play and tions, and much may be done with these vines nothing to interest or amuse the child. He is in adorning the school buildings and grounds, suddenly cut off from his accustomed round of and that without detracting from the latter as duties and trouble begins. He must either playgrounds. - Vicks Magazine for Fune. be turned loose in the street to mingle with unseemly companions, contract bad habits

BEAUTY IN A SCHOOLHOUSE. and grow up among thorns and nettles, or

Especially in public buildings, says Mrs.“ else the whole domestic economy of the house

Whitman in the May Atlantic, is this ignorant hold is upset in trying to entertain him. It would seem that some system might be

treatment seen; for here “machine finish” has adopted which would provide for a certain

almost unlimited sway, and vulgar precedent

is followed to the exclusion of many simple course of study or of play which could be

and excellent models which, as has been said, taken up during the vacation months and to a

were the fortunate traditions of early colonial certain extent keep up the regular habits of the school year. Such a movement would

work. If one enters one of the more recent

'schoolhouses to-day, one finds great care and come as a great relief to parents and it seems

pains shown in new systems of heating and now to be the one thing lacking in our educa

ventilation; the rooms are lighted and warmed tional system.--Oshkosh Northwestern.

with increasing reference to health, comfort,

and general safety; but with these improveSCHOOL-YARD IMPROVEMENTS.

ments is seldom found any recognition of the

prime fact that practical convenience is perThe subject of school yard improvements is fectly served only when it is achieved beautione that has been agitated for many years, fully. It must be remembered that it is in but, as yet, without much practical result. these schoolhouses that the greater portion of Most school yards are small, and their use the children get their first impressions of many must be principally as playgrounds for the things which consciously or unconsciously enchildren, and with such use very little can be ter into life, -impressions which create ideas, expected from planting in them flowering which control behavior. It is here that ideals shrubs or plants. It is a very fortunate case are formed, here that much of what may be that even some shade trees succeed in living called home influence is felt; and here, accordand growing. With great care shade trees ingly, is it that all surroundings, as truly as all may be secured, especially if the children can teaching, become part of the essential educabe kept interested in them, as they may be if tion. Very lately there has been a warm senproperly taught and trained. But besides timent called forth in behalf of the improvethese the yards must be clear for the children's ment of these costly, sanitary, and yet cheeruse. Still there is something to be done to less and neglected schoolhouses, and many beautify the place, and that without interfer- things have been done hastily to repair the ing with it as a playground,—and that is lapses of a so-called practical" period. Adplanting climbing vines to run over the porch mirable gifts have been made of photographs and on the walls, and, perhaps, to train on and bas-reliefs, and much has been said of culthe fences.

tivating a patriotic spirit in our schools. This For this purpose are suitable quite a number shows an excellent intention, but one must go of different plants, among which are our native, deeper, must make beauty more organic; for hardy clematis, C. Virginiana; the European the danger to-day is that of laying what may sweet clematis, C. Flammula; the Japanese be called a veneer of beauty on this commerspecies, C. paniculata; and the large-flowered cial substructure, and then thinking comforthybrid forms, prominent among which are C. ably and fatuously that we have put art into Jackmanni, C. Henryi, and Madame Edouard the public schools.

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