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so will the items and scraps of information before, we had not had them brought to our picked up here and there, be interesting to the minds so forcibly before. We went away with future generations. The only means of col- the feeling that northern Wisconsin could do lecting these materials is the public library, much more in the way of library work, and and for this reason the little libraries scattered that teachers in the schools could increase the throughout the state should be urged to spirit of reading and the love of books which gather items of interest pertaining to their tends so much to form good character and a own locality. Mr. Thwaites spoke in his own useful life.
IVA A. WELSH. peculiar, easy way, illustrating his talk by Washburn, Wis. reference to incidents in his own work in the State Historical Library as well as by inci
THE LIBRARY INSTITUTE AT MENOMONIE. dents from history. The talk by Miss Stearns was very interest
Friday, November 26th, a number of the
librarians and secretaries of the Stout Free ing. She showed that as a business venture, and from a business standpoint, a library
Traveling Libraries of Dunn county, gathered should be advertised. The best advertisers
at Menomonie to hold a librarian's institute." were the school teachers, for it was only through
Two sessions were held, and a joint session of them that many homes could be reached
an hour and a half was held with the Dunn Since this is the reign of the posters, adver
County Teachers' Institute. At the latter sestise by means of posters, by cards hung in
sion Miss L. E. Stearns of Milwaukee, read a street cars or tacked on corner posts; use
paper on “Children's Reading,” and Miss printed lists, in fact every means to attract
Louisa Sutermeister of the Eau Claire library, the eye.
gave a history of the traveling library moveWhat interested me most was the subject
ment in other states. for Saturday's meeting. This was—The re
The other sessions of the librarians' instilation of the library to the school. A few en
tute were mainly devoted to a comparison of tirely new thoughts were brought out and
experiences by the librarians and a discussion many old ones emphasized more strongly.
of the best methods of securing patrons for Miss Schrieber spoke enthusiastically and
the libraries, of getting careful treatment for pointedly to the effect that there should be a
the books, and of interesting the teachers to closer union between the teacher and the libra
send their pupils. The fact that the libraries rian. In order to do better work in school,
are intended to be a part of the educational and, what is more important, to get the pupil
work of the county was made prominent. The in the habit of going to the library, the teacher
meeting was probably the first of its kind, but should be well acquainted with books and be
it proved so inspiring and helpful that it was able to guide and direct a boy in his choice of
decided to hold another next March. A most them. One thing that struck me forcibly was
hopeful feature of the free traveling moveinent this— “Never send a boy away from a library
is the zeal displayed by the librarians in makempty handed.” She asked us the question,
ing the libraries under their charge useful. "What does it matter if we do?” I hadn't
Only those who love books and their neighthought of it in that light before, but when I
bors are willing to keep these small collections stopped to consider it, I found a great deal in
of books in their homes. it. If a boy who doesn't care particularly for
The growing interest in the libraries in Dunn reading but happens into a library, is given a
county is shown by the increase in the number good book to read, what may it not do for
required. Senator Stout sent out sixteen last him? Isn't it one of those golden opportuni
May, in September he sent out ten more, and ties lost if he don't get a book? It seems to
he now finds a demand for half a dozen more.
F. A. HUTCHINS. me that many librarians forget this side of their work, they forget that they are there just
Baraboo, Wis. to do such service; that the boys and girls of
NEED OF THE CURFEW LAW. our towns are perhaps growing up with little or no desire to read, and that what they need M rs. J. D. Townsend, who is urging the is a hint here or a suggestion there.
passage of a curfew law for New York city, has Take it altogether the meetings of the As- been keeping a record of crimes by children sociation were very interesting and helpful. chronicled in the New York papers, as a means The leaders were well acquainted with their of awakening the conscience of the people in work and could speak from experience. This, regard to the need of such legislation. She to us teachers, was especially helpful, for finds that between 6 and 15 almost every sort though we had known many of these things of crime is committed. From 15 to 21 is the most fruitful period. She has found robbery the results have been most encouraging. The at 6, arson at it and murder at 7.
children of this nationality call mostly for New York Herald, March 17th.-Boy of 8 arrested for
books of American history, the story of the stealing. Boy of 8 stabbed another boy.
“Boston Tea Party" and other works which March 21st-Girl of 13 poisoned a whole family because tell of struggles for liberty. They also want she did not like her brother's wife. March 23rd-Band of boy burglars captured, aged 15. 14
to learn the details of the great war.
The and 13.
traveling libraries are doing the state excellent April 8th-Boy 10, girl 13 arrested for street robbery. Boy wanted cigarettes; had broken jail before; ran four
service in the way of improving its citizenblocks and resisted arrest.
ship. New York Sun, April 10th-Boy of 11 snatched a pocket
While these several experiments have given bock-protected in so doing by three smaller boys. Herald, April uth-Boy of u arrested for arson-held
--held much greater satisfaction than had been anticunder bond of $5,000.
ipated, no settled policy has yet been deterMay Ist-Boy of 12 stole a boat.
mined upon, and the impression prevails that Sun, May 2nd-Boy of 14, highway robber, had a confederate, who spatched a watch after the older boy knocked
it will be several years before definite action is his man down.
taken. It is hoped that the traveling library Herald, May 5th-Boy of u shot his 7-year-old brother. May 26th-Boy burglars' den raided. Boys 8, 9 and 10;
will in time become a part of the educational had complete outfit.
system of the state. To that end its friends Sun, June 6th-A woman garroted in the street and are laboring. There is a belief that the sysrobbed by girl of 12. Old offender New York Journal, Aug. 14th-Girls aged 15, 14 and 13
tem of free libraries rapidly coming into existtestified to having been led astray by a woman who kept à ence in Wisconsin since the enactment of the soda fountain. She introduced them to men.
law two years ago which created a free library Aug. 13th-Two boys aged 12-train wreckers. Herald, Aug. 17th-Giri tramp robbed a sick mother to
commission, will be extended so as to clothe go to Texas. Slept in the parks. Aged 10.
the commission with power to introduce travJournal, Sept. i7th-Girl of 14 tried to poison a family. New York World, Sept. 28th-Boy of 7 shot boy of 14
eling libraries in all of the counties and have with rifle; blew off the top of his head.
full control of them. The idea is practical. Journal, Oct. 3rd-Boy of 13 hangs himself.
There is no longer any doubt as to the demand New York Telegram, Oct. 5th-Young man-18-conducting a school of crime. Pupils boys of 1o.
for such libraries. It is now known that their • Herald, Nov. 7th - Boy of 10 attempts to stab his fruit is most desirable. Anything that tends teacher..
to build up American citizenship should never TRAVELING LIBRARIES.
lack for substantial encouragement in Wiscon
sin or any other state. The traveling library Last spring, soon after Senator James H. certainly does that. It has come to stay. — Stout of Menomonie, Wis., decided to give Chicago Times-Herald. the traveling library a trial in Dunn county, at his own expense, The Times-Herald gave the details of his plan. It was in contemplation
CHILD-STUDY. to begin with sixteen libraries, each to contain
BY THE MILWAUKEE SOCIETY FOR CHILD-STUDY. thirty choicely selected and substantially bound volumes. Senator Stout's proposition met The Milwaukee Society for Child-Study was with great favor and his traveling libraries were organized a few months ago with the followimmensely popular from the start. The num- ing officers: C. P. Cary, of the state normal ber had soon to be increased to twenty, and a school, president; Wm. F. Sell, principal of few weeks ago it was brought up to twenty-six the 15th district school, vice-president; Mrs. and now orders have been given for four more, Daniel Fulcomer, secretary. The executive and the later ones have been supplied with committee is composed of the following perforty instead of thirty books. Dunn county, sons: Arthur Burch, assistant city superinoutside of the city of Menomonie, which has tendent; Miss E.Ç. Sabin, president Milwaukeea large public library, has 15,000 inhabitants. Downer College; Mrs. Rissman, president The experiment in that county will be made South Side section of the Woman's School as thorough as possible. The deep interest Alliance, together with the president and the people take in the libraries, the wide and secretary of the Society as ex officio members. constant circulation of the books and the good The organization was purposely made as effect of their reading already apparent, have simple as possible. The constitution proled Senator Stout to declare that he never con- vides for officers as above indicated, states the tributed funds for the public's benefit that purpose of the organization, the conditions of brought to him richer returns in pleasure and membership, time of meeting and a few other satisfaction.
minor matters. The meetings are held reguLike experiments are being made in several larly on the third Tuesday evening of every other counties, only on a smaller scale. In two month from October to May inclusive. counties, where there is a large number of Poles, The Society is divided up into small working bodies, each of which holds meetings at Prof. C. H. Thurber, of Morgan Park, III. such times and places as suit the convenience The second is now appearing in studies in edof those concerned. These sections, or work ucation by Earl Barnes, of Stanford Uniing groups, are engaged on such subjects as versity. The third is published in vol. I. of the following:
the Child-Study Monthly. Children's ambitions; The period of ado- We hope that country teachers especially will ·lescence; Folk lore of children; Influence of respond to this syallabus. Of course it is more rhythm; Temperament; Children's reading; difficult to get returns from the country and the like.
schools, and so we urge all teachers in such Leaders have been appointed for the various schools having German children enrolled to sections, and the members of the society se- assist us in this investigation. We care less lect under these leaders such work as they are about returns from city schools, but believe most interested in or feel most competent to any superintendent or principal will find it of do. Perfect freedom, however, is allowed any interest to make the study indicated in his one and every one to work in any manner school for his own benefit. Should any other whatever, provided the work to be undertaken society care to take up this problem we would is approved by the executive committee. The be very glad to render assistance and receive aim of the society is to avoid two dangerous suggestions. extremes in child-study. One is the painfully scientific, the other the painfully unscientific. The leaders in the movement, and many of the
A Study of Children's Ambitions. most progressive citizens and teachers of the We purpose to make a study of children's city are identified with it, believe that the time ambitions, but restrict our investigation to is ripe for some thoughtful, painstaking work one nationality—the German, and tabulate to be commenced in this city, and for that separately the papers of city, village and matter in the state at large. Child-study as country children. If successful, this study a fad is on the decline, fortunately, and now will bring to light many points of great pedachild-study as a serious effort to comprehend gogical interest. In this, as in all studies of the child can go on steadily and sensibly. The children, the teacher must exercise great care regular meetings of the society will be given not to let the child know it is being studied. up, in part, to reports from the leaders and The work to be done is very simple, and workers in the sections. In addition to this will require but a few minutes of the school it is expected that specialists will from time to time. Each pupil is to write a short letter to time favor the society with brief lectures on his teacher or some friend, telling: appropriate subjects.
1. What he wants to do when he is grown up. Below is given a syllabus prepared by J. I. 2. Why he makes this choice. Jegi of the state normal, which will further The teacher may make this a valuable exexplain the nature of some of the work. Other ercise in letter writing, but in no way whatsyllabi will be published in THE JOURNAL ever should he suggest occupations they might from time to time. The society in Milwaukee select, or reasons they might give. Neither would like to learn of other similar organiza- should he give them an opportunity to contions in the state, if any exist, and will be sult with each other or their parents. Let the glad to render any assistance possible in the pupil express his own choice and state his own formation of new societies in the state. Any reasons, otherwise these letters will be absoassistance rendered the members of the soci- lutely worthless. Have children of all ages ety in connection with their work will be thank- write, the largest and the smallest. If posfully received and acknowledged.
sible make them think it is fun to write these Three studies somewhat like the syllabus letters, for they always do better, and give us given below have been made thus far. One more satisfactory results if they enjoy the under the direction of Prof. C. H. Thurber, writing. Impress on them the importance of now of the University of Chicago, one by being in earnest, and telling what they really Prof. Earl Barnes, of Stanford University, and want to do when they are men (or women) and one by Supt. S. B. Hursh, of Sterling, Ill. not some nonsense. These studies are based upon compositions. The teacher should examine carefully all writted by 2,000, 1,250 and 450 children re- letters handed in, and add the following data spectively, attending city, village and country in each case: (1) Age of pupil, in years and schools, and representing many nationalities. months if possible. (2) Sex. (3) Grade. The reports of these investigations may be (4) Nationality. (5) Parents occupation. obtained as follows: The first from Prof. (6) Facts in regard to the environment of the pupil that may be of interest. These six AS A STORY-TELLER.-His stories, in so far points are very important and should be writ- as they were successful, fall naturally into two ten by the teacher, not by the pupil.
divisions—the stories of quasi-mathematical We hope to get, within a few weeks, thous- analysis, with excursions into the horrible, the ands of papers from city, village and country grotesque and the startling; and the speculachildren. Letters from children of German tive class, including the weird, the supernatparentage only will be used in this first study ural and the transcendental. To the former but let the whole school write. The teacher class belong “The Gold Bug," "The Purloined may then pick out the letters written by Ger- Letter," "The Murders in the Rue Morgue," man children and forward them to the under- "Hans Pfaal,” “The Black Cat;" to the latter signed. Their receipt will be promptly ac- "The Fall of the House of Usher," "Ligeia," knowledged.
"A Tale of the Ragged Mountains.” Of course JOHN I. JEGI, these lists are not intended to be complete.
· State Normal School. Poe could not be a humorist, because of his Milwaukee, Wis.
lack of human sympathies; and for the same
reason he could not paint character. There THE SCHOOL ROOM.
are no “live” people in his tales; they are the
mechanical hinges on which the events turn. EDGAR ALLAN POE.
And despite the vivid interest of Poe's produc
tions, their strangeness, their impressiveness, BORN 1809, DIED 1849.
he never succeeds in imparting the slightest His life was irregular and unfortunate. In color to them; they are exquisitely ingenious early life he was reckless and extravagant. studies in black and white, and that is all. After a brief experience in the army he be- They do not touch the heart, for they do not came engaged in journalism, but could not hold come from it nor are they aimed at it. Their a position for any length of time because of workmanship is in many respects as nearly his habits. His work as a critic first brought perfect as it can be made. This finish is partly him into notice; a number of weird and pow. due to the repeated revision given them by erful prose tales further established his reputa- their author; it illustrates his intellectual fastion as a writer; finally “The Raven,” with a tidiousness and love of accuracy, and it proves few other poems remarkable for pathos, musi- how absolutely wanting his tales are in what is cal structure and vague beauty, confirmed his called inspiration. He made them and underreputation as a man of genius. As a man he stood them as an architect does his houses, was fickle, false and intemperate. He died of they emanate from and they contain no spiritdelirium tremens.
ual depth.—Hawthorne and Lemon, American As A CRITIC. That Poe was an unfair and Literature. one-sided critic can not be disputed; that his AS A Poet.—Poe declared that poetry had personal likes and dislikes had great influence been to him not a purpose but a passion." upon his estimes is all too true; yet in spite of By long study he had made himself a master all this his work in this department cannot be of the technic of verse, and he combined with overlooked. He certainly inaugurated “the extraordinary skill all the effects to be derived new age in American criticism." All his hon- from literary rhythm, intricate rime, artful est criticisms have been proved by time to be repetition, and an aptly chosen refrain. He strikingly correct. It was Poe who hailed bent words to his bidding, and he made his Hawthorne as a novelist of the first rank when verse so melodious that it had almost the charm that shy genius was the obscurest man of let- of music. That his scheme of poetry was ters in America.” Poe was quick to see the highly artificial, that the themes of his poems true worth of Longfellow and of many another were vague and insubstantial and that his stanAmerican poet at a time when they were all zas do not stimulate thought-these things but unknown. Poe failed of winning a high may be admitted without disadvantage. What place as a critic, first, because of his inordin- the reader does find in Poe's poetry is the sugate vanity. He wished to be regarded as a gestion of departed but imperishable beauty, profound scholar, and accordingly disfigured and the lingering grace and fascination of his work with abundant allusions to occult and haunting melancholy. His verses throb with curious lore of which he really knew very little. an inexpressible magic and glow with intangiSecondly, he had a hobby—the charge of pla- ble fantasy. His poems have no other purgiarism,—from which he never dismounted; pose; they convey no moral; they echo no call and, thirdly, he was not honest. —Pattee's to duty; they celebrate beauty only-beauty American Literature.
immaterial and evanescent; they are their own
excuse for being.-Brander Matthews, Amer- doubt been fully verified. First, that though ican Literature.
the rainfall may not be increased nor diminPoe was a worse enemy to himself than any ished, the regular distribution of rain throughone else could be. The fine enamel of his out the year is changed; and second, that the genius is all corroded by the deadly acid of his surface features of the earth are more rapidly passions. The imperfections of his tempera- changed. ment have pierced his poetry and prose, shat. But the point I wished to make to-day is tered their structure and blurred their beauty. that with the celebration of an Arbor Day - George Parsons Lathrop.
there could be very profitably joined exercises Find illustrations of each of the points in drawing the attention of the children to our the criticism of poetry in the following selec birds, to their beauty, their character and tions:
their usefulness. From The Bells.
Every bird, like every other animal, has a Hear the sledges with the bells
definite function in its environment. Displace Silver bells!
it from that, and there are corresponding and What a world of merrriment their melody foretells! How they tinkle, tinkle, tinkle
correlative changes in the insect world and in In the icy air of night!
our vegetation—a loss to us generally with the While the stars that oversprinkle All the heavens, seem to twinkle
diminution of the number of birds. With a crystalline delight;
A way in which a day spent in our school Keeping time, time, time,
with our native birds would be of value is that In a sort of Runic rhyme, To the tintinnabulation that so musically wells
children might be inspired with a love for our From the bells, bells, bells, bells,
songsters, and thus prevent our boys from beBells, bells, bells,
coming, as so many do now, egg and nest colFrom the jingling and the tinkling of the bells.
lectors. I think you have no idea how comFrom Ulalume.
mon this “fad" has become, though it may not The skies they were ashen and sober,
be as common in Lancaster county as elseThe leaves they were crisped and sereThe leaves they were withering and sere;
where. But if you look up the dealers in eggs It was night in the lonesome October
and bird-skins and find how many eggs they Of my most immcmorial year,
carry in stock, you will begin to realize how It was hard by the dim lake of Auber In the misty mid-region of Weir
much wanton destruction goes on through the It was down by the dark tank of Auber,
small boy as a collector. One dealer I know Io the ghoul haunted woodland of Weir.
carries a constant stock of 50,000 eggs and Here once through an alley Titanic
sells about 5,000 eggs each month. There Of cypress I roamed with my soul
are over 100 dealers in the United States, Of cypress, with Psyche, my soul These were days when my heart was volcanic
though not all so extensively engaged as the As the soriac rivers that roll
one cited. But this is only a small part of the As the lavas that restlessly roll Their sulphurous currents down Yaanek
whole number collected or destroyed. The In the ultimate climes of the pole
collectors are responsible for it all. That groan as they roll down Mount Yaanek
I may say here too that nearly every nest In the realms of the boreal pole.
looked into or examined, even if the eggs are From Annabel Lee.
not taken, is destroyed by the birds themFor the moon never beams without bringing me dreams selves or by crows and sparrows; for it seems
Of the beautiful Appabel Lee;
that once found by man, the above two birds Of the beautiful Annabel Lee;
are almost sure to find them soon afterward. And so all the night tide, I lie down by the side
At least such has been my experience.
Boys kill in sport a great many beneficial
birds. In 1883 a wave of American crossbills
came into Lancaster city, and I picked up in A BIRD DAY.
one square twenty-seven, shot and mangled by
boys with gum-shooters. Many more were no Since the establishment of Arbor Day in doubt killed in the same square, for the birds nearly every state of the United States atten- remained several days afterwards. I feel sure tion has been directed more and more to the from information given me by the late Mr. denudation of the hillsides and mountains of Zahm that you could have multiplied the above their forests, and the results of such denuda number by fifteen or twenty for the number tion upon the future of rainfall and therefore killed in the entire city, upon agricultural industries. It is, however, Large numbers of common birds are killed still an open question as to what these results by the target gun outside of every city's limmay be, but one or two conclusions have no its, many more than inside of it.