Somalia between Jihad and Restoration
Transaction Publishers, 31 груд. 2011 р. - 213 стор.
Since 1991 Somalia has been defined as a failing state, one that lacks an effective central government. The vacuum of power in Somalia, in turn, enabled Al Qaida and other radical Islamic organizations to find allies and refuge in there. Shayâ s account shows how the presence of radical Islamic entities in the area, alongside local problems and conflicts, has turned Somalia into a focal point in the global war against terror. On June 5, 2006, the Islamic Courts Union (ICU) declared victory in its struggle against the Alliance for the Restoration of Peace and Counter Terrorism (ARPCT), a coalition of U.S. backed warlords. Shortly after their victory announcement, the ICU implemented a Taliban-style radical Islamic rule. The rule of the ICU was brief. In December 2006 they were defeated by a coalition of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and Ethiopian forces. In spite of the ICUâ s defeat, internal conflict in Somalia between the ICU and the interim government of Somalia (TFG), backed by Ethiopia, is still far from concluded. Shay shows how the internal conflict may spill over into other nations, creating a larger regional theater of Jihad. He also provides some ideas on how to prevent the foundation of a new radical Islamic state that could become a haven of the Islamic terror in the Horn of Africa. This volume is instructive in demonstrating the consequences of destabilization. It will be of interest to foreign policy analysts, regional specialists, and strategists in the war against terror.
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Abdullahi activity afﬁliated Afghan Afghanistan AIAI Aidid Al Barakaat Al-Itihad Al-Qaida American arena ARPCT Baidoa Barre Barre’s campaign clan coalition collapse conﬂict confrontation countries country’s culture Dawa December declared defeat deﬁned economic embassies entities Eritrea established Ethiopian forces failing ﬁght ﬁghters ﬁghting ﬁnancial ﬁrst foreign global Jihad groups Hassan Dahir Aweys Horn of Africa humanitarian Ibid ICU’s inﬂuence infrastructure involvement Iran Iraq Islamic charities Islamic Courts Union Islamic movement Islamic organizations Islamic terror Islamic terror organizations Islamists Itihad Jihad July Kabul Kenya Kismayo leaders military militia minister Mogadishu Muhammad Mujahidin Nairobi Network nomadic ofﬁces ofﬁcial operation organization’s Osama Bin Laden perpetrated political powerbrokers President Puntland Qaida radical Islamic reﬂected region Saudi Arabia signiﬁcant Somali Islamists Somalia Somaliland state-oriented struggle Sudan Taliban Taliban regime targets terrorists threat tion Transitional Federal Government tribal UGRs United victory warlords Western worldwide Yusuf Ziad