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of an attorney at Thetford, and of the established Church.” ‘. By some accident, probably arising from the disagreement of his parents in their religious sentiments, the son was never baptized. He was, however, confirmed at the usual age, by the Bishop of Norwich, through the care of his aunt, Mistress Cocke.’ * At the free-school of Thetford, under Mr. Knowles, young Paine was instructed in reading, wiiting, and arithmetic. The expense of his education was defrayed by his father, with some assistance from his mother's relations. At the age of thirteen, he became his father's apprentice, in the trade of a staymaker. At this employment he continued for five years ; although he, himself, forgetful or regardless of the truth, has, in the second part of his Rights of Man, related, that he entered, at the age of sixteen, on board the Terrible privateer, Captain Death; which was not fitted out till some years afterwards.” ‘ He went, at the age of nineteen, to try his fortune in London ; where he worked for some time with Mr. Morris, an eminent staymaker in Hanover-street, Long-Acre.—After a very short stay in this situation, he repaired to Dover; and there obtained employment with Mr. Grace, a respectable staymaker. While Paine remained here, an attachment began between him and Miss Grace, his master's daughter: in consequence of which, Mr. Grace was induced to lend our adventurer ten pounds. to enable him to settle as a masterstaymaker at Sandwich.' • He settled at Sandwich in April, 1759; but for

got to repay the ten pounds, or to fulfil the mar

riage, in expe&tation of which the money had been advanced to him. Here, it seems, he took

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up his lodging in the market place; and formed a little congregation, to whom he preached, in his lodging, as an independent minister. - o * In the mean time, he fell in love with a pretty, modest, young woman, Mary Lambert, daughter of James Lambert; who, with his wife Mary, had come to Sittingbourne as an exciseman, before the year 1736; but, having been dismissed for miscondućt, had opened a shop, and acted, besides, as bum-bailiff of Sittingbourne. Both father and mother were by this time dead, in indigent circumstances; and the daughter was now waitingwoman to Mrs. Solly, wife of Richard Solly, an eminent woollen-draper at Sandwich.-Mary Lambert and Thomas Paine were married on the 27th of September, 1759. Although he was only twenty-two, and she twenty-one years of age, yet, by the scars of disease, or by the native harshness of his features, he appeared at the time of the marriage so much older than she, that the good women of Sandwich expressed their astonishment, that so fine a girl should marry so old a fellow.’ ... " “Thomas, soon after the marriage, finding himself somehow disappointed, began to maltreat his wife. Little more than two months had passed, when this became visible to the whole town. By Mrs. Solly's aid, their poverty was occasionally relieved. From the furnished lodging in which Paine had hitherto lived, the young couple soon removed to a house, for which they, with some difficulty, obtained furniture upon credit. But he having contračted debts which he was unable to discharge, our adventurer, with his wife, found themseives obliged to take what is called in Scotland, a moonlight fitting ; and, on the night, between the seventh and eighth of April, 1760, they set out from Sandwich to Margate; Thomas car- rying rying with him the furniture which he had purchased on credit, a stove belonging to his house, and the stays of a customer. The stays were recovered from him by a timeful claim. He sold the furniture by auðtion at Margate.—The sale of goods obtained upon credit on a false pretext, is a crime that was formerly punished by expo. sure on the pillory, which has since been changed for transportation.’ At this place, the reader will undoubtedly call to mind Paine's vehement sallies against the English penal code. All the patriots look upon law-givers, judges, juries, and the whole suite of justice, as their mortal enemies. “Inhuman wretches,” says Tom, “that are leagued together to rob man of his “ Rights, and with them of his existence.” This is like the thief, who, when about to receive sentence of death, protested he would swear the peace against the judge, for that he verily believed he had a design upon his life.—Reader, while you live suspect those tender-hearted fellows who shudder at the name of the gallows. When you hear a man loud against the severity of the laws, set him down for a rogue. * From Margate, Paine returned to London. * His wife set out with him : but her subsequent ‘ fate is not well known. Some say that she perished ‘ on the road, by ill usage and a premature birth : * others, in consequence of diligent inquiry, be‘lieve her to be still alive; although the obscurity ‘ of her retreat prevents ready discovery.' Now, who that reads this, does not feel a desire to kick the scoundrel of a staymaker, for exclaiming against aristocracy, because as he pretends its laws and customs are cruel and unnatural 2– “With what kind of parental refle&tions,” says the hypocrite in his Rights of Man, “ can the fa“ ther and mother contemplate their tender off- “spring :

spring —To restore parents to their children, and children to their parents, relations to each other, and man to society, the French Constitution has destroyed the law of primogenitureship.” —Is not this fine cant to entrap the unsuspecting vulgar Who would not imagine that the soul which pours itself forth in joy for the restoration of all these dear relatives to each other, was made up of constancy and tenderness : Who would suspect the man whose benevolence is thus extended to foreigners, whom he never saw, of being a brutal and savage husband, and an unnatural father?—Do you ask, “with what kind of parental refle&tions the “ father and mother can contemplate their tender * offspring 2"—Hypocritical monster! with what kind of refle&tions did you contemplate the last agonies of a poor, weak, credulous woman, who had braved the scoffs of the world, who had abandoned every thing for your sake, had put her all in your possession, and who looked up to you, and you alone, for support 2 Paine's humanity, like that of all the reforming philosophers of the present enlightened day, is of the speculative kind. It never breaks out into action. Hear these people, and you would think them overflowing with the milk of human kindness. They stretch their benevolence to the extremities of the globe: it embraces every living creature—except those who have the misfortune to come in conta&t. with them. They are all citizens of the world : country, and friends and relations are unworthy the attention of men who are occupied in rendering all mankind happy and free. I ever suspect the sincerity of a man whose discourse abounds in expressions of universal philanthrophy. Nothing is easier than for a person of some imagination to raise himself to a swell of sentiment, without the aid of one single feeling of the heart.

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heart. Rousseau, for instance, is everlastingly babbling about his genre humain (human race) and his “ coeur aimant et tendre” (tender and loving heart). He writes for the human race, his heart bleeds for the distresses of the human race, and in the midst of all this he sends his unfortunate bastards to the poor-house, the receptacle of misery! Virtuous and tender-hearted and sympathetic Rousseau ! Certainly nothing is so disgusting as this, except it be to see the humane and sentimental Sterne wiping away a tear at the sight of a dead jack-ass, while his injured wife and child were pining away their days in a nunnery, and while he was debauching the wife of his friend.* • In July, 1761, Thomas returned, without her, * to his father's house.——Having been unsuccess• ful in the business of a stay-maker, he was now * willing to leave it for the Excise. In the Excise, * after fourteen months of study and trials, he was • established on the 1st of December 1762, at the ‘ age of twenty-five. The kindness of Mr. Cock‘ sedge, recorder of Thetford, procured for him • this appointment. He was sent, as a supernume‘ rary, first to Grantham ; and on the 8th of August 1764, to Alford.—Being detected in some • misconduct, he was, on the 27th of August 1765, “ dismissed from his office.’ • In this state of wretchedness and disgrace, he

# Sterne's writings are most admirably calculated to destroy the moral, of the youth of both sexes; but it was reserved for some of the printers in the United States to give those writings the finishing touch. What the lewd author was ashamed to do, they have done for hia, They have explained his double entendres and filly intendos by a set of the most bawdy cuts that, ever disgraced the pencil.—I was shown a copy of the Sentimental Journey in this style at the shop of Citizen Thomas Bradford of Philadelphia, the only place in the city, I believe, where it is to be had.

* repaired

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