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Recent letters from the East speak of very val. pronounced for the revision, or have pronounced uable and extensive sulphur mines just discov- against it; thirty-three are in favor of a legal ered upon the borders of the Red Sea, in Upper revision; thirteen demand the revision without Egypt. The products of these mines are said explaining on what conditions they desire to see to be so abundant, that a material fall in the it effected; and six demand it immediately; prices of Sicilian sulphur must inevitably soon making the total of eighty-five. take place. The working of the newly-discovered mine and its productiveness are greatly From Germany the most important intellifacilitated by its proximity to the sea. The gence relates to the Electorate of Hesse Cassel, Egyptian Government, which at first leased a state containing less than a million of inhabthe mines to a private company, is now about itants, and having a revenue of less than two to resume possession and work them on its own and a half millions of dollars. By the Constitu

tion the Chamber has the exclusive right of

voting taxes. The Elector, acting probably From France the only intelligence of interest under the advice of Austria, resolved to get rid relates to political movements

, concerning which, of the Constitution; and as the first step toward moreover, there is nothing but partisan and un- it, he appointed as his minister Hassenpflug, a reliable rumors.

The President, in his various man wholly without character, and who had letters, addresses, &c., insists uniformly on the been convicted of forgery in another State, and necessity of maintaining the existing order of with him was associated Haynau, brother of the things, and speaks confidently of an appeal to infamous Austrian General. Months past away the people. Contradictory rumors prevail as to without the Chamber being summoned, but at his intentions—some believing that he meditates the time when the session usually closed, the a coup-d'état, but most regarding his movements Parliament was called together, and an immeas aimed to secure the popular vote. The As. diate demand made for money and for powers sembly is to meet on the 11th of November, and to raise the taxes, without specific votes of the his opponents intend then to force him to some Chamber. The Parliament replied by an unanultra-constitutional act which will afford them imous vote, that however little the ministers ground for an appeal. A series of military re- possessed the confidence of Parliament, they views has engaged public attention; they have would not go the length of refusing the supbeen closely watched for incidents indicative of plies, but requested to have a regular budget the President's purposes : it is remarked that laid before them, which they promised to exthose who salute him as Emperor are always amine, discuss, and vote. To so fair and conrewarded for it by some preference over others. stitutional a resolution the minister replied by

- The Councils-general of France have closed dissolving the Parliament, and proceeding to their annual session. The chief topic of their levy the taxes in spite of the Parliament and the deliberations has been the revision of the Con- Constitution. The cabinet went to the extremstitution, and the result is of interest as indi- ity of proclaiming the whole Electorate in a cating the state of public opinion upon that state of siege, and investing the commander-insubject. It seems that twenty-one councils chies with dictatorial powers against the press; separated without taking the subject into con personal liberty, and property. The town counsideration; ten rejected propositions for revision; cil unanimously protested against these arbitrary two declared that the constitution ought to be acts; and such a spirit of resistance was exrespected; thirty-three departments, therefore, cited that the Elector and his minister were refused, more or less formally, to aid the revi- constrained to seek safety in flight. The Elec. sion. On the other hand, forty-nine councils tor left Cassel on the morning of the 13th, and came to decisions which the revisionist party arrived the same evening at Hanover, where he claim for themselves. But a very great di- was afterward joined by Hassenpflug. Some versity is to be perceived in these decisions. of the accounts state that M. Hassenpflug was Thirty-two pronounced in favor of revision only agitated by terror in his flight. On the 16th,

so far as it should take place under legal con- the Elector and his ministers were at Frankfort. ditions,” or “so far as legality should be ob- The government of the Electorate had been served;" two of those called attention to the assumed by the Permanent Committee of the forty-fifth article of the constitution, which makes Assembly. -In Mecklenberg-Schwerin a sim. Louis Napoleon incapable of being immediately ilar revolution seems likely to take place. In rechosen; but another demanded that his powers October, 1849, a new Constitution was formed should be prolonged. One council voted for by the deputies of this Duchy, which received revision, and also desired to prolong the Presi- the assent of the Duke. This Constitution was dent's power; ten simply voted for revision ; quite democratic in character. The Duke now five pronounced for immediate revision, but by feeling himself strong enough coolly pronounces very small majorities; one went further, and the Constitution invalid, absolves his subjects proposed to give the present Assembly—which from all allegiance to it, and restores the old is legislative and not constituent_authority to Constitution, which was formed in 1755. It is effect the revision. Three councils express supposed that the Diet will adopt the Hesse merely a desire for a remedy to the present Cassel system of stopping the supplies, and so situation. Thirty-three departments have not starving out their sovereign.

LITERARY NOTICES.

A new work by Rev. William R. Williams, employs his brilliant fancies for the elucidation the eminent Baptist clergyman in New York, and ornament of truth, but never for its discovhas just been issued by Gould, Kendall, and ery. On this account, he inspires a feeling of Lincoln, entitled Religious Progress, consisting trust in the sanity of his genius, although its of a series of Lectures on the development of conclusions may not be implicitly adopted. Still, the Christian character, founded on the beautiful with the deep respect with which we regard the gradation of religious excellencies described by intellectual position of Dr. Williams, we do not St. Peter in his second Epistle. The subjects, think his writings are destined to obtain a wide which succeed each other in the order of the popularity. Their condensation of thought, the text, are, Religion a Principle of Growth, Faith elaborate and often antique structure of their its Root, Virtue, Knowledge, Temperance, Pa- sentences, the profoundly meditative cast of tience, Godliness, Brotherly Kindness, Charity. sentiment with which they are pervaded, and No one who has read any of the former pro- even their Oriental profusion of imagery, to say ductions of the author can fall into the error of nothing of the adamantine rigor of their religsupposing that these topics are treated accord- ious views, are not suited to the great mass of ing to any prescribed, stereotyped routine of the modern readers, whose tastes have been formed pulpit, or that they labor under the dullness and on models less distinguished for their austerity formality which are often deemed inseparable than for their airiness and grace. from moral disquisitions. On the contrary, this Gould, Kendall, and Lincoln, Boston, have volume may be regarded as a profound, strin- recently issued neat reprints of The Poetry of gent, and lively commentary on the aspects of Science, by Robert Hunt, a popular English the present age, showing a remarkable keenness work, exhibiting the great facts of science, in of observation, and a massive strength of ex- their most attractive aspects, and as leading the pression. The author, although one of the mind to the contemplation of the Universe; most studious and erudite men of the day, is by The Footprints of the Creator, by Hugh Milno means a mere isolated scholar. His vision LER, with a memoir of the author, by Professor is not confined by the walls of his library. Agassiz, who characterizes his geological proWatching the progress of affairs, from the quiet ductions as possessing “a freshness of concep"loop-holes of his retreat,” he subjects the pic- tion, a power of argumentation, a depth of tured phantasmagoria before him to a rigorous thought, a purity of feeling, rarely met with in and searching criticism. He is not apt to be works of that character, which are well calcudeluded by the dazzling shows of things. With lated to call forth sympathy, and to increase the a firm and healthy wisdom, acquired by vigilant popularity of a science which has already done so experience, he delights to separate the genuine much to expand our views of the plan of Creafrom the plausible, the true gold from the sound- tion;" and a third edition of The Pre-Adamite ing brass, and to bring the most fair-seeming Earth, by John Harris, whose valuable contribupretenses before the tribunal of universal prin- tions to theological science have won for him a high ciples. The religious tone of this volume is reputation both in England and our own country. Jofty and severe. Its sternness occasionally re- Harper and Brothers have published Nos. 7 minds us of the sombre, passionate, half despair- and 8 of Lossing's Pictorial Field Book of the ing melancholy of John Foster. The modern American Revolution. The character of this latitudinarian finds in it little either of sympathy popular serial may be perceived from the exor tolerance. It clothes in a secular costume tracts at the commencement of the present the vast religious ideas which have been sanc- number of our Magazine. With each succes. tioned by ages, but makes no attempt to mellow sive issue, Mr. Lossing's picturesque narrative their austerity, or reduce their solemn grandeur gains fresh interest; he throws a charm over to the level of superficial thought and worldly the most familiar details by his quiet enthusiaspirations. The train of remark pursued in asm and winning naïveté; and under the direcany one of these Lectures can never be inferred tion of such an intelligent and genial guide it is from its title. The suggestive mind of the delightful to wander over the battle-fields of writer is kindled by the theme, and luxuriates American history, and dwell on the exploits of in a singular wealth of analogies, which lead the heroes by whose valor our national Indehim, it is true, from the beaten track, but only pendence was achieved. Among the embelto open upon us an unexpected prospect, lishments in these numbers, we observe a strikcrowned with original and enchanting beauties. ing likeness of the venerable Timothy Pickering, His power of apt and forcible illustration is of Massachusetts, portraits of Gen. Stark, Joel almost without a parallel among recent writers. Barlow, Gen. Wooster, and William Livingston, The mute page springs into life beneath the and exquisite sketches of Baron Steuben's Headmagic of his radiant imagination. But this is quarters, View near Toby's Eddy, The Susquenever at the expense of solidity of thought or hanna at Monocasy Island, The Livingston Manstrength of argument. It is seldom indeed that sion, The Bennington Battle-Ground, and other a mind of so much poetical invention yields such beautiful and interesting scenes in the history of a willing homage to the logical element. He the Revolution.

Household Surgery; or Hints on Emergen- by Robert MACFARLANE (G. P. Putnam), is the cies, by John F. South (H. C. Baird, Phila- title of a useful work, describing most of the delphia), is a reprint of a popular and amusing propelling methods that have been invented, work by an eminent London surgeon, designed which may prevent ingenious men from wast for non-professional readers, and pointing out ing their time, talents, and money on visionthe course to be pursued in case of an accident, ary projects. It also gives a history of the when no surgical aid is at hand. The author attempts of the early inventors in this departputs in a caveat against misapprehending the ment of practical mechanics, including copious purpose of his book, which he wishes should be notices of Fitch, Rumsey, Fulton, Symington, judged solely on its merits. No one is to ex- and Bell. A separate chapter, devoted to Mapect in it a whole body of surgery, nor to obtain rine Navigation, presents a good deal of informmaterials for setting up as an amateur surgeon, ation on the subject rarely met with in this to practice on every unfortunate individual who country. may fall within his grasp; but directions are The Country Year-Book ; or, The Field, The given which may be of good service on a pinch, Forest, and The Fireside (Harper and Brothers), when the case is urgent, and no doctor is to be is the title of a new rural volume by the bluff, had. In the opinion of the author, whoever burly, egotistic, but good-natured and humane doctors himself when he can be doctored, is in Quaker, William Howitt, filled with charming much the same case with the man who con- descriptions of English country life, redolent of ducted his own cause, and had a fool for his the perfume of bean-fields and hedge-rows, overclient. With this explanation, Dr. South's vol- flowing with the affluent treasures of the four ume may be consulted to great advantage; and seasons, rich in quaint, expressive sketches of although no one would recommend a treatise on old-fashioned manners, and pervaded by a genbruises and broken bones for light reading, it erous zeal in the cause of popular improvement. must be confessed, that many popular fictions A more genial and agreeable companion for an are less fertile in entertainment.

autumn afternoon or a winter's erening could An exquisite edition of Gray's Poetical Works scarcely be selected in the shape of a book. has been issued by H. C. Baird, with an original Success in Life. The Mechanic, by Mrs. L. memoir and notes, by the American Editor, C. Turull, published by G. P. Putnam, is a Prof. Henry REED, of Philadelphia. It was little volume belonging to a series, intended to the intention of the Editor to make this the most illustrate the importance of sound principles and complete collection of Gray's Poems which has virtuous conduct to the attainment of worldly yet appeared, and he seems to have met with prosperity. Without believing in the necessary admirable success in the accomplishment of his connection between good character and success plan. The illustrations of Radelyffe, engraved in business, we may say, that the examples in a superior style of art, by A. W. Graham, brought forward by Mrs. Tuthill are of a strikform the embellishments of this edition. We ing nature, and adapted to produce a deep and have rarely, if ever, seen them surpassed in the wholesome impression. In the present work, most costly American gift-books. The volume she avails herself of incidents in the history of is appropriately dedicated to JAMES T. Fields, John Fitch, Dr. Franklin, Robert Fulton, and the poet-publisher of Boston.

Eli Whitney, showing the obstacles which they The second volume of the Memoirs of Dr. were compelled to encounter, and the energy Chalmers, by his son-in-law, William HANNA, with which they struggled with difficulties. She is issued by Harper and Brothers, comprising a writes in a lively and pleasing manner; her promost interesting account of his labors during ductions are distinguished for their elevated his residence at Glasgow, and bringing his moral tone; and they can scarcely fail to be. biography down to the forty-third year of his come favorites with the public. age. The whole career of this robust and Alton Locke, Tailor and Poet; An Autobiog. sinewy divine is full of instruction, but no part raphy, is the quaint title of a political and reof it more abounds with important events than ligious novel, understood to be written by a the period devoted to efforts in bringing the clergyman of the Church of England, which is destitute classes of Glasgow under the influence said to have fallen like a bomb-shell on the old. of Christian ministrations. Whether in the pul- fashioned schools of political economy in that pit, in the discharge of his parochial duties, in country. It purports to be the history of a the construction of his noble schemes for social youth of genius, doomed to struggle with the melioration, or in the bosom of his family, Dr. most abject poverty, and forced by the necessity Chalmers always appears the same whole-heart of his position to become a Chartist and a Rad. ed, frank, generous, energetic man, command- ical. Brought up in the sternest school of ultraing our admiration by the splendor of his intel Calvinism, he passes by natural transitions from lect, and winning our esteem by the loveliness a state of hopeless and desperate infidelity, to a of his character. Some interesting reminiscen- milder and more cheerful religious faith, and ces of the powerful but erratic preacher, Edward having taken an active part in schemes for the Irving, who was at one time the assistant of Dr. melioration of society by political action, he Chalmers in the Tron Church, are presented in learns by experience the necessity of spiritual this volume.

inluences for the emancipation of the people. History of Propellers and Steam Navigation, | Tho tone of the narrative is vehement, anstere, and often indignant; never vindictive; and soft- such an admirable pen. The Confessions would ened at intervals by a genuine gush of poetic not be complete without one or two love episentiment. With great skill in depicting the sodes, which are accordingly presented in a sufsocial evils which are preying on the aged heart ficiently romantic environment. of England, the author is vague and fragment- Harper and Brothers have published a cheap ary in his statement of remedies, and leads us edition of Genevieve, translated from the French to doubt whether he has discovered the true of LAMARTINE, by A. R. Scoble.

This novel, “Balm of Gilead” for the healing of nations. intended to illustrate the condition of humble The book abounds with weighty suggestions, life in France, and to furnish popular, moral urgent appeals, vivid pictures of popular wretch reading for the masses, is written with more edness, deep sympathy with suffering, and a simplicity than we usually find in the producpure devotion to the finer and nobler instincts tions of Lamartine, and contains many scenes of humanity. With all its outpouring of fiery of deep, pathetic interest. The incidents are radicalisms, it is intended to exert a reconciling not without a considerable tincture of French influence, to bring the different classes of society exaggeration, and are hardly suited, one would into a nearer acquaintanceship, and to oppose suppose, to exert a strong or salutary influence the progress of licentious and destructive ten- in the sphere of common, prosaic, unromantic dencies, by enforcing the principles of thorough duties. As a specimen of the kind of reading reform. Such a work can not but be read with which LAMARTINE deems adapted to the moral general interest. Its strong humanitary spirit improvement of his countrymen, Genevieve is a will recommend it to a large class of readers, literary curiosity. while its acknowledged merits as a work of fic- Little and Brown, Boston, have published a tion will attract the literary amateur.Published handsome edition of Prof. Rose's Chemical by Harper and Brothers.

Tables for the Calculation of Quantitative AnaThe Builder's Companion, and The Cabinet- lyses, recalculated and improved, by the Amerimaker and Upholsterer's Companion, are two can Editor, W. P. DEXTER. recent volumes of the Practical Series, published Harper and Brothers have issued The History by H. C. Baird, Philadelphia, reprinted from of Pendennis, No. 7, which, to say the least, is English works of standard excellence. They of equal interest with any of the preceding present a mass of valuable scientific informa- numbers, showing the same felicitous skill in tion, with succinct descriptions of various me- portraying the every-day aspects of our common chanical processes, and are well suited to pro- lise, which has given Thackeray such a brilliant mote an intelligent interest in industrial pursuits. eminence as a painter of manners. The uncon

Lessons from the History of Medical Delusions scious ease with which he hits off a trait of (Baker and Scribner), is a Prize Essay by Dr. weakness or eccentricity, his truthfulness to Worthington Hooker, whose former work on nature, his rare common sense, and his subdued, a similar subject has given him considerable but most effective satire, make him one of the reputation as a writer in the department of most readable English writers now before the medical literature. He is a devoted adherent public. to the old system of practice, and spares no STOCKHARDT's Principles of Chemistry, transpains to expose what he deems the quackeries lated from the German, by C. H. Peirce, is of modern times. His volume is less positive published by John Bartlett, Cambridge. This than critical, and contains but a small amount work is accompanied with a high recommendaof practical instruction. There are many of his tion from Prof. Horsford of Harvard University, suggestions, however, which can not be perused which, with its excellent reputation as a textwithout exciting profound reflection.

book in Germany, will cause it to be sought for Ruschenberger's Lexicon of Terms used in with eagerness by students of chemistry in our Natural History, a valuable manual for the own country. common use of the student, is published by Petticoat Government, by Mrs. Trollope, is Lippincott, Grambo, and Co., Philadelphia. the one hundred and forty-eighth number of

Another volume of LAMAITINE's Consulences, Harper's Library of Silect Novils, and in spite translated from the French, under the title of of the ill odor attached to the name of the Additional Memoirs of My Youth, is published by authoress, will be found to exhibit a very conHarper and Brothers, and can not fail to excite siderable degree of talent, great insight into tho the same interest which has been called forth more vulgar elements of English society, a vein by the previous autobiographical disclosures of of bitter and caustic satire, and a truly feminine the author. It is written in the rich, glowing, minuteness in the delineation of character. The poetical style in which LAMARTINE delights to story is interspersed with dashes of broad huclothe his early recollections, and with a naïve mor, and with its piquant, rapid, and not overfrankness of communication equal to that of scrupulous style, will reward the enterprise of Rousseau, is pervaded with a tone of tender, ele- perusal. vated, and religious sentiment. The description George P. Putnam has published A Series of of a troop of family friends gives a lively tableau Etching, by J. W. Euxinger, illustrative of of the old school of French gentlemen, and fur- Hood's" Bridge of Sighs." The plates, which nishes the occasion for the picturesque delinea- are eight in number, are executed with a good tion of manners, in which LAMARTINE commands / deal of spirit and taste, representing the princi

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pal scenes suggested to the imagination by | possess great practical utility for the man of Hood's exquisitely pathetic poem.

business as well as the historical student. A. S. Barnes and Co. have published The America Discovered (New York, J. F. Trow), Elements of Natural Philosophy, by W. H. C. is the title of an anonymous poem in twelve BARTLETT, being the first of three volumes in- books, founded on a supposed convention of the tended to present a complete system of the heavenly hierarchs among the mountains of science in all its divisions. The present volume Chili in the year 1450, to deliberate on the best is devoted to the subject of Mechanics.

mode of making known the American continent G. P. Putnam has issued a new and improved to Europeans. Two of their number are electedition of Prof. Church's Elements of the Dif- ed delegates to present the subject before the ferential and Integral Calculus.

Court of Heaven. In the course of their jour. Lonz Powers, or the Regulators, by James ney, after meeting with various adventures, they Weir, Esq. (Philadelphia, Lippincott, Grambo, fall in with two different worlds, one of which and Co.), is a genuine American romance, written has retained its pristine innocence, while the in defiance of all literary precedents, and a vigor- other has yielded to temptation, and become ous expression of the individuality of the author, subject to sin. Their embassy is crowned with as acted on by the wild, exuberant frontier life success, and one of them is deputed to break the in the infancy of Western Society. The scenes

Columbus, whose subsequent history and characters which are evidently drawn from is related at length, from his first longings to nature, are portrayed with a bold, dramatic discover a new world till the final consummation freedom, giving a perpetual vitality and fresh- of his enterprise. The poet, it will be seen, ness to the narrative, and sustaining the interest soars into the highest supernal spheres, but, in of the reader through a succession of adventures, our opinion, displays more ambition than discrewhich in the hands of a less skillful chronicler, tion. He does not often come down safe from would have become repulsive by their extrava- his lofty flights to solid ground. gance and terrible intensity. In addition to the Christianity Revived in the East, by H. G.O. regular progress of the story, the author leads Dwight (Baker and Scribner), is a modest narus through a labyrinth of episodes, most of them rative of missionary operations among the Arsavoring of the jovial forest life, in which he menians of Turkey, in which the author was is so perfectly at home, though dashed with oc- personally engaged for a series of several years. casional touches of deep pathos. The reflections The volume describes many interesting features and criticisms, in which he often indulges to ex- of Oriental life, and presents a vivid picture of cess, though considerately printed in a different the toils and sacrifices by which a new impulse type to show that they may be skipped without was given to the progress of Christianity in the damage, are too characteristic to be neglected, East. The suggestions of the author with reand on the whole, we are glad that he had enough gard to the prosecution of the missionary enterverdant frankness to present them to his readers prise are characterized by earnestness and good just as they sprung up in his mercurial brain. sense, but they are sometimes protracted to su We imagine that the fame of Milton will survive great an extent as to become tedious to the his attacks, in spite of the mean opinion which general reader. he cherishes of the Paradise Lost. With all its Grahame; or, Youth and Manhood (Baker and exaggerations and eccentricities, Lowz Powers Scribner), is the title of a new romance by the has many of the elements of a superior novel - author of Talbot and Vernon, displaying a nata glowing imagination, truthfulness of descrip-ural facility for picturesque writing in numertion, lively humor, spicy satire, and an acute ous isolated passages, but destitute of the susperception of the fleeting lights and shades of tained vigor and inventive skill which would character. If it had ten times its present faults, place it in the highest rank of fictitious comit would be redeemed from a severe judgment, position. The scene, which is frequently shifted, by its magnetic sympathies, and the fascinating without sufficient regard to the locomotive fac. naturalness with which it pours forth its flushed ulties of the reader, betrays occasional inaccuraand joyous consciousness of life.

cies and anaehronisms, showing the hand of a The History of Xerxes, by JACOB Abbott, writer who has not gained a perfect mastery of (Harper and Brothers), is intended for juvenile his materials. Like the previous work of the reading and study, but its freshness and simplicity same author, the novel is intended to support & of manner give it a charm for all ages, making certain didactic principle, but for the accomit a delightful refreshment to those who wish to plishment of this purpose, recourse is had to an recall the remembrance of youthful studies. awkward and improbable plot, many of the de

Universal Dictionary of Weights and Measures, tails of which are, in a high degree, unnatural, by J. H. ALEXANDER, published by Wm. Minifee and often grossly revolting. The pure intenand Co., Baltimore, is a work of remarkable labor tions of the writer redeem his work from the and research, presenting a comparative view of charge of immorality, but do not set aside the the weights and measures of all countries, an objections, in an artistic point of view, which cient and modern, reduced to the standards of the arise from the primary incidents on which the United States of America. It is executed in a story is founded. Still, we are bound to conmanner highly creditable to the learning and fess, that the novel, as a whole, indicates a accuracy of the author, and will be found to freshness and fervor of feeling, a ready percep.

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