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Mew them, what religious, what glorious and magi nificent use might be made of Poetry both in Diving and Human Things. From hence and not till now will be the right Season of forming them to be able Writers and Composers in every excellent Matter, when they shall be thus fraught with an univerfal insight into Things. Or whether they be to speak in Parliament or Council, Honour and. Attention would be waiting on their Lips. There would then also appear in Pulpits other Visages, other Gestures: and Stuff otherwise wrought than what we now fit under, oft-times to as great a Trial of our patience. as any other that they preach to us. These are the Studies, wherein our noble and our gentle Youth ought to bestow their time in a disciplinary way from twelve to one and twenty; unless they rely. more upon their ancestors dead, than upon themSelves living. In which methodical course it is fo supposid they muß proceed by the steddy pace of lçarning onward, as at convenient times for memo. ry's fake, to retire back into the middle ward, and sometimes into the rear of what they have been Taught, until they have confirm'd, and solidly. united the whole body of theie, perfected Know ledge, like the last embattelling of a Roman Legion. Now, will be worth the seeing what Exercises and Recreations may best agree, and become these Stredies.
Their E XE RCISE. The course of Study, hitherto briefly describid, is, what I can guess by reading, likest to those antiene: and famous Schools of Pythagoras, Plato, Ifocrates, Aristotle, and such others, oui, of which were bred up such a number of renowned Philosophers, Oram, tors, Historians, Poets and Princes all over Greece, Italy, and Apa, besides the flourishing Studies of Cyene and Alexandria. But herein it Thall excoed, them, and supply, a defect as great as that whick, Plato noted in the common-wealth of Sparta ; whereas that City train'd up their Youth most for War, and these in their Academies and Lyceum, all for the Gown, this Institution of breeding, which I here delineate, thall be equally good both for Peace and War. Therefore about an hour and a half ere they eat at Noon Mould be allow'd them for Exercise, and due Reft afterward: But the time for this may be enlarg'd at pleasure, accordo ing as their rising in the Morning shall be, carly, The Exercise which I commend first, is the exact, use of their Weapon, to guard and to strike safely. with Edge, or Point ; this will keep them healthy, nimble, strong, and well in breath, is also the likeliest means to make them grow large and tall, and to inspire them with a gallant and fearless Courage, which being temper'd with seasonable, Lectures and Precepts to them of true Portitude and Patience, will turn into a native and heroick. Valour, and make them hate the cowardise of doing wrong. They must be also practis d in all
the Locks and Gripes of Wrestling, wherein Eng. lifomen were wont to excel, as need may often be in fight to tugg or grapple, and to close. And this perhaps will be enough, wherein to prove and heat their single strength. The interim of unfweating themselves regularly, and convenient rest before meat, may both with profit and delight be taken up in recreating and composing their travail'd Spirits with the folemn and divine harmonies of Musick heard or learnt; either while the skilful Organist plies his grave and fancied descant, in lofty fugues, or the whole Symphony with artful and unimaginable touches adorn and grace the well-ftudied chords of some choice Come poser; sometimes the Lute, or soft Organ-stop waiting on elegant Voices either to religious, material, or civil Ditties; which, if wise Men and Prophets be not extremely out, have a great Power over Dispositions and Manners, to smooth and make them gentle from rustick Harshness and distemper'd Passions. The like also would not be unexpedient after Meat to assist and cherish Na. ture in her first Concoction, and send their Minds back to study in good tune and satisfaction. Where having follow'd it close under vigilant Eyes till about two hours before Supper, they are by a sudden Alarm or Watch-Word, to be call'd out to their military motions, under Skie or Covert, according to the Season, as was the Roman wont; first on foot, then as their Age permits on Horsea back, to all the Art of Cavalry; that having in
fport but with much exactness, and daily muster, fery'd out the Rudiments of their Soldiership in all the skill of Embattling, Marching, Encamping, Fortifying, Besieging and Battering, with all the helps of antient and modern Stratagems, TaEticks, and warlike Maxims, they may as it were out of a long War come forth renown’d and perfect Com. manders in the Service of their Country. They would not then, if they were trusted with fair and hopeful Armies, suffer them for want of just and wise Discipline to shed away from about them like fick Feathers, tho' they be never so oft supply'd : they would not suffer their empty and unrecruitible Colonels of twenty Men in a Company, to quaff out, or convey into secret Hoards, the Wages of a delu. sive List and a miserable Remnant: yet in the mean while to be over-master'd with a score or two of Drunkards, the only Soldiery left about them, or else to comply with all Rapines and Violences. No certainly, if they knew ought of that Knowledge that belongs to good Men or good Governours, they would not suffer these things. But to return to our own Institute, besides these constant Exer. cises at home, there is another Opportunity of gain. ing Experience to be won from Pleasure itself abroad. In those vernal Seasons of the Year, when the Air is calm and pleasant, it were an Injury and fullenness against Nature not to go out, and see her Riches, and partake in her rejoicing with Heaven and Earth. I should not therefore be a Persuader to them of Atudying much then, after two or three
Years that they have well laid their Grounds, but to ride out in Companies with prudent and staid Guides, to all the Quarters of the Land; learning and observing all Places of strength, all Commodities of building and of soil, for Towns and Tillage, Harbours and Ports for. Trade : Sometimes taking Sea as far as to our Navy, to learn there also what they can in the practical Knowledge of sailing and of Sea-fight. These ways would try all their pecus liar Gifts of Nature; and if there were any secret Excellence among them, would fetch it out, and give it fair opportunities. to advance itself by, which cou'd not but mightily redound to the good of this Nation, and bring into fashion again those old admired Virtues and Excellencies, with far more ad. vantage now in this Purity of Christian Knowledge. Nor shall' we then need the Monsieurs of Paris ta take our hopeful Youth into their Night and prodigal Custodies, and send them over back again transform’d into Mimicks, Apes, and Kickshaws. But if they desire to see other Countries at three or four and twenty Years of Age, not to learn Principles, but to enlarge Experience and make wife Observa. tion, they will by that time be such as Thall deserve the regard and honour of all Men where they pass, and the Society and Friendship of those in all places who are best and most eminent; And perhaps then other Nations, will be glad to visit us for their Breeding, or else to imitate us in their own Country.
Now lastly for their Diet there cannot be much to say, save only that it would be best in the same