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GENERAL LABOR ORGANIZATIONS-Continued.

Carvers' Association of North America, International Wood. John S. Henry, 1220 Third Avenue,

New York, N. Y. Car Workers, International Association of. G. N. Gibson, Rooms 1205-1206 Star Building, 356 Dear

born Street, Chicago, Ill. Cement Workers, American Brotherhood of. H. Ullner, 525 Thirteenth Street, Oakland, Cal. Chainmakers' National Union of the United States of America. Curtin C. Miller, 1261% West Broad

Street, Box 42, Station D, Columbus, Ohio. Cigar-Makers' International Union of America. George W. Perkins, Room 829, Monon Block, 320

Dearborn Street, Chicago, Ill. Clerks' International Protective Association, Retail. Max Morris, Box 1581, Denver, Col. Cloth Hat and Cap Makers of North America, United. Max Zuckerman, 62' East Fourth St., N. Y. Commercial Telegraphers' Union of America, The Wesley Russell, 405 Monon Building, Chicago. Compressed Air Workers, International Union. Matt Moriarty, 193 Amity Street, Brooklyn, N.Y. Coopers' International Union of North America. J. A. Cable, Meriwether Building, Kansas City, Kan. Curtain Operatives of America. Amalgamated Lace. James Parker, 3153 North Weudle Street,

Philadelphia, Pa. Cutting Die and Cutter Makers, International Union of. Joseph J. Brady, 252 Woodward Avenue,

Brooklyn, N. Y. Electrical Workers of America, International Brotherhood of. Peter W. Collins, Pierick Building,

Springfield, Ill. Elevator Constructors, International Union of. Henry Snow, 40 Park Avenue, Chicago, Ill. Engineers, International Union of Steam, R. A. McKee, 222-223 Masonic Temple, Peoria, Ill, Engravers, International Association of Watch Case. George Weidman, Box 263, Canton, Ohio. Firemen, International Brotherhood of Stationary. C. L. Shamp, Rooms 2-4, 2502 North 18th

Street, Omaha, Neb. Fitters and Helpers of America, International Association of Steam and Hot Water. W. F. Costello,

188 Crown Street, New Haven, Conn. Flour and Cereal Mill Employés, International Union of. A. E. Kellington, 112 Corn Exchange,

Minneapolis, Minn. Foundry Employés, International Brotherhood of. Geo. Bechtold, 1310 Franklin Avenue, St.

Louis, Mo. Freight Handlers and Warehousemen's International Union of America, Interior. J. J. Flynn, .

Yondorf Building, 210 South Halstead Street, Chicago, Ill. Fur Workers of the United States and Canada, International Association of. A. V. McCormick,

Toronto, Can. Garment Workers of America. United. B. A. Larger, Rooms 116-117 Bible House, New York, N. Y. Garment Workers' Union, International Ladies'. John Alex. Dyche, 25-27 Third Avenue, N. Y. Glass Bottle Blowers' Association of the United States and Canada. William Launer, Rooms 930

931 Witherspoon Building, Juniper and Walnut Streets, Philadelphia, Pa. Glass House Employés, International Association of. Ed. F. Weber, 1310 Jefferson Street, Belle

ville, Ill. Glass Snappers' National Protective Association of America, Window. L. L. Jacklin, Kane, Pa. Glass Workers' International Association, Amalgamated. William Figolah, 55 North Ciark Street,

Chicago, Ill. Glass Workers of America, Amalgamated Window. A. L. Faulkner, Rooms 712-713 Electric Build

ing, Cleveland, Ohio. Glove Workers' Union of America, International. A. H. Cosselman, 42 First Avenue, Gloversville,

N. Y. Gold Beaters' National Protective Union of America, United. Thomas Delaney, 88 Barrow Street,

New York, N. Y. Granite Cutters' International Association of America, The, James Duncan, Hancock Building,

Quincy, Mass. Grinders and Finishers' National Union, Pocket Knife Blade. F. A. Didsbury, 508 Brook Street,

Bridgeport, Conn. Grinders' National Union, Table Knife. Richard Odlum, 82 Crown Street, Meriden, Ct. Hatters of North America, United. Martin Lawlor, Room 15, 11 Waverley Place, New York, N. Y. Hod Carriers and Building Laborers' Union of America, International. H. A. Stemburgh, Room

81-82 Wieting Block, Syracuse, N. Y. Horse-Shoers of United States and Canada, International Union of Journeymen. Roady Kenehan,

1548 Wazee Street, Denver, Col. Hotel and Restau ant' Employés' Internatioral Alliance and Bartenders' International League of

America. Jere. L. Sullivan. Commercial Tribune Building, Cincinnati, Ohio. Iron, Steel, and Tin Workers, Amalgamated Association of. John, Williams, House Building, Smith

field and Water Streets, Pittsburgh, Pa. Jewelry Workers' Union of America, International. William F. Schade, Box 141, Philadelphia, Pa. Lathers, International Union of Wood, Wire, and Metal. Ralph V. Brandt, 401 Superior Building,

345 Superior Street, Cleveland, Ohio. Laundry Workers' International Union, Shirt, Waist and. John J. Manning, 602 Second Avenue,

Troy, N. Y. Leather Workers on Horse Goods, United Brotherhood of. J. J. Pfeiffer, 438 Gibraltar Building,

Kansas City, Mo. Leather Workers' Union of America, Amalgamated. John Roach, Box 414, Newark, N. J. Lithographers, International Protective and Beneficial Association of the United States and Canada.

James J. McCafferty, Germania Bank Building, Spring Street and Bowery, New York, N. Y. Longshoremen's Association, International. Henry C. Barter, 407-408 Elks Temple, Detroit, Mich. Machine Printers and Color Mixers of the United States, National Association of Charles Mc

Crorey, 352 Forty-first Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. Machinists, International Association of. George Preston, 908-914 G Street, N. W., McGill Build.

ing, Washington, D. C. Maintenance of Way Employés, International Brotherhood of. C. Boyle, 609-625 Benoist Building,

St. Louis, Mo. Marble Workers, International Association of. Stephen C. Hogan, 632 Eagle Avenue, New York,

N. Y.

Glagolicago en Internacionarotective A

GENERAL LABOR ORGANIZATIONS-Continued.

Meat Cutters and Butchers' Workmen of North America, Amalgamated. Homer D. Call, Wieting

Block, Syracuse, N. Y. Metal Polishers, Buffers, Platers, and Brass Workers' International Union of North America. Charles

R. Atherton, Neave Building, Cincinnati, Ohio, Metal Workers' International Alliance, Amalgamated Sheet. John E. Bray, 313 Nelson Building,

Kansas City, Mo. Mine Managers and Assistants' Mutual Aid Association, National, William Scaife, Springfield, 111. Mine Workers of America, United. Wm. B. Wilson, 1106 State Life Building, Indianapolis. Ind. Moulders' Union of North America, Iron. E. J. Denney, 530 Walnut Street, Cincinnati, Ohio. Misicians, American Federation of. Owen Miller, 3535 Pine Street, St. Louis, Mo. Painters, Decorators. and Paperhangers of America, Brotherhood of. J. C. Skemp, Drawer 199, .

Lafayette, Ind. Paper-Box, Bag and Novelty Workers' International Union. John L. Helm, 1064 Washington

Street, Boston, Mass. Paper-Makers of America, United Brotherhood of. Thomas Mellor, 22 Smith Building, Watertown,

N. Y. Pattern-Makers' League of North America. James Wilson, 25 Third Avenue, New York, N. Y. Pavers and Rammermen, International Union of. John E. Pritchard, 25 Third Avenue, N. Y Paving Cutters' Union of the United States of America and Canada. William Dodge, 87 East State

Street, Albion, N. Y. Photo-Engravers' Union of North America, International. H. E. Gudbrandsen, 2830 Fourteenth

Avenue, Minneapolis, Mipn. Piano and 'Organ Workers Union of America, International. Charles Dold, 849 North Irving

Avenue, Chicago, Ill. Plate Printers' Union of North America, International Steel and Copper. T. L. Mahan, 319 s

Street, N. E., Washington, D.C.
Plumbers, Gas Fitters, Steam Fitters, and Steam Fitters' Helpers, of United States and Canada,

United Association of. L. W. Tilden, 401-406 Bush Temple of Music, Chicago, Ill.
Potters, National Brotherhood of Operative. Edward Menge, Box 181, East Liverpool, Ohio.

Powder and High Explosive Workers of America, United. James G. McCrindle, Gracedale, Pa. - Print Cutters' Association of America, National. Thos. I, G, Eastwood, 1054 St. Nicholas Avenue,

New York, N. Y. Printers' Association of America, Machine Textile. George Udell, 368 Branch Avenue, Provi

dence, R. I. Printing Pressmen's Union, International. M. P. Higgins, 35 Washington Street, Charlestown, Mass. Quarry workers' International Union of North America. P. F. McCarthy, Scampini Building,

Barre, Vt. Railroad Telegraphers, Order of. L. W. Quick, Star Building, St. Louis, Mo. Railway Employés of America, Amalgamated Association or Street and Electric. W. D. Mahon, 45

Hodges Block, Detroit, Mich. Sawsmiths' National Union. . Charles G. Wertz, 351 South Illinois Street, Indianapolis, Ind. Seamen's Union, International, of America. William H. Frazier, 1% A Lewis Street, Boston, Mass. Shingle Weavers' Union of America, International. J. E. Campbell, 413 American National

Bank Building, Everett, Wash. Shipwrights, Joiners, and Caulkers of America, National Union of. Thomas Durett, 108 Marshall

Street, Elizabeth, N. J. Slate and Tile Roofers' Union of America, International. Wm. W. Clark, 1303 St. Louis Avenue,

East St. Louis, Ill. Slate Workers, International Union of. T. H. Palmer, Pen Argyle, Pa. Spinners' Association, Cotton Mule. Samuel Ross, Box 367, New Bedford, Mass. Stage Employés' International Alliance, Theatrical. Lee M. Hart, care of Bartl's Hotel, State and

Harrison Streets, Chicago, Ill. Steel Plate Transferrers' Association of America. The. John Prender, 715 D Street Northeast,

Washington, D. C. Stereotypers and Electrotypers' Union of North America, International. George W. Williams,

665 Massachusetts Avenue, Boston, Mass. Stove Mounters' International Union. J. H. Kaefer, 166 Concord Avenue, Detroit, Mich. Switchmen's Union of North America. M. R. Welch, 326 Mooney Building, Buffalo, N. Y. Tailors' Union of America. Journeymen. John B. Lennon, Box 597, Bloomington, Ill. Teamsters, International Brotherhood of. Thomas L. Hughes, Room 51, 147 Market Street, Indian

apolis, Ind. Textile Workers of America, United. Albert Hibbert, Box 713, Fall River, Mass. Tile Layers and Helpers' Union, International Ceramic, Mosaic, and Encaustic. James P. Reynolds,

108 Corry Street. Allegheny, Pa. Tin Plate Workers' Protective Association of America, International. Charles E. Lawyer, Rooms

20-21, Reilly Block, Wheeling, W. Va. Tip Printers, International Brotherhood of. T. J. Carolan, 187 Ferry Street, Newark, N. J. Tobacco Workers' International Union, E. Lewis Evans, Room 56, American National Bank

Building. Third and Main Streets, Louisville, Ky. . Travellers' Goods and Leather Novelty Workers' International Union of America Chas. J. Gille,

1539 North Eighteenth Street, St. Louis, Mo. Typographical Union, International. J. W. Bramwood, Rooms 640-650, Newton Claypool Building,

India napolis, Ind. Upholsterers' International Union of North America. Anton J. Engel, 28 Greenwood Terrace,

Chicago, Ill. Weavers’ Amalgamated Association, Elastic Goring. Alfred Haughton, 50 Cherry Street, Brockton,

Mass. Weavers' Protective Association, American Wire. E. E. Desmond, 139 Skillman Avenue, Brooklyn,

N. Y. Wood men and Saw Mill Workers, International Brotherhood of. Ernest Pope, 1609 Fifth Street,

Eureka, Cal. Wood Workers' International Union of America. Amalgamated. John G. Meiler, 407-410 Bush

Temple of Music, Chicago, Ill.

: NATIONAL UNIONS. NOT AFFILIATED WITH THE AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR. Bricklayers and Masons' Union. William Dobson, 41 Summer Street, North Adams, Mass, Brotherhood of Co-operative Plasterers. W.A. O'Keefe, 3013a Park Avenue, St. Louis, Mo. Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers. Warren S. Stone, Cleveland, O Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen, W. S. Carter, Peoria, Ill.. Brotherhood of Railroad Switchmen. M. R. Welch, 326 Mooney Building, Buffalo, N. Y. Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen, A. E. King, Cleveland, O Brotherhood of Railway Clerks. R. E. Fisher, Kansas City Life Building, Kansas City, Mo. Glass Blowers' Union. J. L. Dobbins, Meredith Building, Toledo, Ohio. National Association of Letter Carriers. E. J. Cantwell, Hutchins Building. Washington, D. C. National Association of Steam Fitters. W. F. Costello, 33 Olive Street, New Haven, Conn. Railroad Conductors' Order, W. J. Maxwell, Cedar Rapids, Ia. Stone ( utters' Association. J. F. McHugh, 803 Fifth Street, N. W., Washington, D. C. Stone Masons' International Union. John Reichwein, 536 Concord Street, Indianapolis.

KNIGHTS OF LABOR. General Master Workman, Simon Burns, 518 Fourth Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pa. : General Worthy Foreman, Henry A. Hicks, Williams and Terrace Avenues, Hasbrouck Heights, N. J.; General Secretary-Treasurer, Thomas H. Canning, Bliss Building. Washington, D. C.; General Executive Board, Simon Burns, Pittsburgh, Pa. ; Henry A. Hicks, Hasbrouck Heights, N. J.; John Fernau, Pittsburgh, Pa, ; J. Frank O'Meara, Washington, D, C.; Joseph R. Morrison, Watervliet, N. Y.

Registration of Trade Marks

IN THE UNITED STATES. THE following are extracts from the new “Act to authorize the registration of trademarks used in commerce with foreign nations, or among the several States or Indian tribes, and to protect the same," passed by the Fifty-Eighth Congress, Third Session, and approved by the President, February 20, 1905:

The owner of a trade-mark used in commerce with foreign nations, or among the several States, or with Indian tribes, provided such owner shall be domiciled within the territory of tbe United States, or resides in or is located in any foreign country which, by treaty, convention, or law, affords similar privileges to the citizens of the United States, may obtain registration for such trade-mark by complying with the following requirements: First, by filing in the Patent Office an application therefor, in writing, addressed to the Commissioner of Patents, signed by the applicant, specifying his name, domicile, location, and citizenship; the class of merchandise and the particular description of goods comprised in such class to which tbe trade-mark is appropriated; a description of the trademark itself, and a statement of the mode in which the same is applied and affixed to goods, and the length of time during which the trade-mark has been used. With this statement shall be filed a drawing of the trade-mark, signed by the applicant, or his attorney, and such number of specimens of the trade-mark, as actually used, as may be required by the Commissioner of Patents. Second, by paying into the Treasury of the United States the sum of ten dollars, and otherwise complying with the requirements of this Act and such regulations as may be prescribed by the Commissioner of Patents.

A certificate of registration shall remain in force for twenty years, except that in the case of trade-marks previously registered in a foreign country such certificates shall cease to be in force on the day on which the trade-mark ceases to be protected in such foreign country, and shall in no case remain in force more than twenty years, unless renewed. Certificates of registration may be, from time to time, renewed for like periods on payment of the renewal fees required by this Act, upon request by the registrant, his legal representatives, or transferees of record in the Patent Office, and such request may be made at any time not more than six months prior to the expiration of the period for which the certificates of registration were issued or renewed. Certificates of registration in force at the date at which this Act takes effect shall remain in force for the period for which they were issued, but shall be renewable on the same conditions and for the same periods as certificates issued under the provisions of this Act, and when so renewed shall have the same force and effect as certiti. cates issued under this Act.

"The registration of a trade-mark under the provisions of this Act shall be prima facie evidence of ownership who shall, without the consent of the owner thereof, reproduce, counterfeit, copy, or colorably imitate any such trade-mark and affix the same to merchandise of substantially the same descriptive properties as those set forth in the registration, or to labels, signs, prints, packages, wrappers, or receptacles intended to be used upon or in connection with the sale of merchandise of substantially the same descriptive properties as those set forth in such registration, and shall use, or shall have ased, such reproduction, counterfeit, copy, or colorable imitation in commerce among the several States, or with a foreign nation, or with the Indian tribes, shall be liable to an action for damages therefor at the suit of the owner thereof; and whenever in any such action a verdict is rendered for the plaintiff, the court may enter judgment therein for any sum above the amount found by the verd[ct as the actual damages, according to the circumstances of the case, not exceeding three times the amount of such verdict, together with the costs,"

No trade-mark shall be granted which consists of or comprises the flag or coat of arms or other insignia of the United States or any simulation thereof, orof any State or municipality, or of any foreign nation.No portrait of a living individual may be registered as a trade-mark except by the con. sent of such individual, evidenced by an instrument in writing.'

TRADE-MARK TREATIES WITH FOREIGN NATIONS. Tae following is a list of the Chovernments with which conventions for the reciprocal registration and protection of trade-marks have been entered into by the United States : Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain (including colonies), Italy, Japan, Luxemburg, Russia. Servia. Spain. The laws of Switzerland and the Netherlands being so framed as to afford reciprocal privileges to the citizens or subjects of any Government which affords similar privileges to the people of those countries, the mere exchange of diplomatic notes, giving notice of the fact, accomplishes all the purposes of a formal convention,

Progress of the United States

IN AREA, POPULATION, AND MATERIAL INDUSTRIES. (Compiled from a statement prepared by O. P. Austin, Chief of the Bureau of Statistics, Department

• of Commerce and Labor.)

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1,612

Area 0..................square miles. 827,844 2,980,959 3,025,600 3,025,600

3,025,600 Population c.......................no. 5,308,483 23,191,876 38,558,371 7 6,303,387 83,143,000 Population per square mile c.... no.

6.41
7.78
12.74
25.22

27.48 Wealth, total d....... ...dols.

| 7,135,780,000 30,068,518,000 e 94,300,000,000 Wealth, per capita.... ....dols.

307.69

779.83 1,235.86 Public debt, less cash in Treas

...dols. 82,976,294.35 63,452,773.55 2,331,169,956.21 1,107,711,257.89 989,866,772 Public debt, per capita, less Treasury... ....dols..., 15.63 2 .741 ' 60.46

14.52

11.91 Gold coined..

.......dols. 317,7601 31,781,739 23,198,788 99,272,943 49,638,441 Silver coined. ........

.......dols.

224,296 1,866,100 1,378,256 36,345,321 6,332, 181 Gold in circulation g... .........dols. I h16.000.000| h 147,395,456]

610,806,472 651,063,589 Silver in circulation g...........dols.

25,000,000 3 1000 397 175,022,013 Gold certificates in circulation, dols.

200,733,019 485,210, 749 Silver certificates in circulat'n, dols.

408,465,574 454,864,708 United States notes (greenbacks) in circulation.. .dols.

324,962,638 313,971,545 332,420,697 National bank notes in circulation...... ....dols.

288,648,081 300,115,112 480,028,849 Miscellaneous currency in circulation......

.dols. 10,500,000! 131,366,526 36,602,075 7 9,008,942 9,272,018 Total money in circulation.....dols. 26,500,000 278,761,982 675,212 794 2,055, 150,998 2,587,882,653 Per capita. ....

..dols.

5.00
12.02
17.50
26.94-

31.08 National banks, reporting nearest June 30...... ....no.

3,732

5,668 Capital ...........: ....dols.

427,235,701 621,536,461 791,567,231 Bank clearings, New York.....dols.

27,804,539,406 51,964,588,564 91,879,318,369 Total United States. . ......dols.

84,582,450,081 140,501,841,957 Bank deposit, National banks (individual).... ......dols.

542,261,563 2,458,092,758 3,783,658,494 Savings banks...............dols.

43,431,130 5-19,874,358 2,449,547,885 3,093, 077,357 State banks...... ......dols.

109,586,595

1,266,735,282 a 1,814,570,163 Loan and trust companies..dols.

1,028,232,407 a 1,589,398,796 Private banks i.............dols.

96,206,049 a 133,217,990 Total bank deposits.........dols.

7,298,814,381) a 9,673,385,303 Depositors in savings banks...no.

251,354

1,630,846 6,107,083 7,696,229 Imports of merchandise, total.. dols. 91,252,768 173,509,526 435,958,408 849,941,184 1,117,513,071 Per capita j...

..dols.

17.19
7.481
11.06
10.88

13.44 Exports of merchandise, total..dols. 70,971,780 144,375,726 392,771,768 1,394,483,082 1,618,561,666 Per capita k... ... ....dols.

6.23

17.96

17.94 Imports, silk, raw... lbs.

13,073.718 22,357,307 Rubber, crude. .lbs.

9,624,098 49,377,138 67,234,256 Tin plates...... ...... lbs.

150,932,768 147,963,804 161,066,820 Iron, steel......

.dols.

20,145,067 40,273,682 20,478,728 23,510,164 Domestic exports, iron, steel..dols. 52,144 1,953,702 13,483,1631 121,913,548 134,728,363

Agricultural products........dols. 25,590,534 108,605,713 361,188,4831 835,858,123 820,863,405
Manufactures.................dols. 2,493,755 17,580.456 68,279,764 433,851,756 543,607,975
Imports:
In American vessels.dols.

139,657,043 153,237,077 104,304,940 - p 132,253,065 y sea in foreign vessels....dols.

38,481,275 309 140,510 701,223,735 p 790,595,692 Total..... .........dols.

178,138,318 462,377,587 805,528,675 P 922,848,757 Share carried in American vessels....................... per cent.

78.4
33.1

12.90
Exports:
In American vessels.dols.

99,615,041 199,732,324 9 0,779,252 p 97,471,054 By sea In foreign vessels....dols.

52,283,679 329,786.978 1,193,220,689 p 1,210,667,008 Total.. .......dols.

151,998,720 529,519,302 1,283,999,941 p1,308,138,062 Share carried in American vessels..... ....... per cent.

65,4

7.1

p 7.5 Farm animals, value.

dols.

544,180,516 1,524,960,149 2.228.123,134 3,006,580,737 Cattle. .............no.

17,778,907 25,484,100 43,902,414 61,241,907 Horses.....

..no.

4,336,719 8,248,860 13,537,524 17,057,702 Sheep.....

.no

21,723 220 40,853,000 41,483,065 45,170,423 Mules...... .......no.

559,331 1,179,500 2,086,027 2,888,710 Swine.....

.......no.
30,354,213 26,751,400

37,079,356

47,320,511 Farms and farm property c...dols.

3,967,343,580 8,944,857,749 20,514,001,838 Farm products, value c........dols.

1,958,030,927 3,764,177,706 Receipts, net ordinary.... dols. 10,848 749 43,592,889 395,959,834 567,240,852 544,274,685 Customs..................

dols. 9.080.933 39,668,686 194,538,374 233,164,871 261,798,857 Internal revenue...... .....dols. 809,397

184,899,7561 295,327,927 234,095,741 Expenditures, net ordinary....dols. 7,411,370 37,165,990 164,421,567 447,553,458 542,687,969 War.......

.....dols. 2,560,879 9,687,025 57,655,675 134,774,768 122, 175,074 Navy

dols. 3,448,7161 7,904,725 21,780,230 55,953,078 117,550,308 Pensions....

.dols. 64,131 1,866,886 28,340,202 · 140,877,316 141,773,965 Interest on public debt ......dols. 3,402,601 3,782,393 129,235,498 40,160,333 24,590,944

9.771

'. 583.589

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37.7

PROGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES- Continued.

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a 1903. b Exclusive of Alaska and islands belonging to the United States. c No official figures other than census years. d True valuation of real and personal property. e Estimated. f 1800, outstanding principal of the public debt January 1; 1850, outstanding principal of the public debt July 1. g Gold and silver cannot be stated separately prior to 1890.h Total specie in circulation: gold and silver were not separately stated prior to 1890. i Includes only those voluntarily reporting, estimated at one-fourth of total private banks. Based on total imports to 1870; after that on imports for consumption only. k Based on total exports to 1870; after that On domestic exports only. m Pennsylvania anthracite shipments only in 1850; entire coal product from 1870 to 1903. 0 Years ending June 30 to date. p 1904. r Western Union to 1880; includes Postal Telegraph 1890 to date, 8 Not including messages sent by Western Union over leased wires or under railroad contracts. t1820 to 1860nclusive, from census of 1880. 1870 to 1900 from Rowell's Newspaper Directory. 1828. y 1820 to 1850, includes aliens not immigrants; 1820 and 1830, years enang deptember 30; 1850, fifteen months ending December 31; 1840 and 1860, calendar years; 1870 to date, fiscal ears.

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