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High-Tide Tables.

FOR GOVERNOR'S ISLAND (NEW YORK HARBOR). (Specially prepared from the Tide Tables of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey for

THE WORLD ALUAVAC.)
New York Mean Time. To express in Standard Time, subtract 4 minutes.

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TIME OF HIGH WATER AT POINTS ON THE ATLANTIC COAST. The local time of high water at the following places may be found approximately for each day by adding to or subtracting from the time of high water at Governor's Island, N. Y., the hours and minutes annexed.

H.

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Albany, N. Y........
Annapolis, Md....
Atlantic City, N.
Baltimore, Md.

..........add Bar Harbor, Me.....

.........add Beaufort, S. C.....

........sub. Block Island, R. I

sub. Boston, Mass......

.........add Bridgeport, Ct.....

...........add Bristol, R.I.

..........sub. Cape May, N. J.

.add (harleston, S. O

..........sub. Eastport, Me...........

..add Fernandina, Fla.

sub. Gloucester, Mass............

.add! Hell Gate Ferry, East River, N. Y..add Isles of Shoals, N. H

add Jacksonville, Fla..

.add Key West, Fla..........

...n.add League Island, Pa.....

.........add Marblehead, Mass..

.add Nahant, Mass..........

addi Nantucket, Mass........... .........add Newark, N. J..

........add New Bedford, Mass....

.sub. Newburyport, Mass... ............add

New Haven, Ct........

........add New London, Ct.......

.............add Newport, R. I..

...........sub. Norfolk, Va..........

.........add Norwich, Ct........

......add Old Point Comfort, Va

..... add Philadelphia, Pa.

...... add Plymouth, Mass..........

....add Point Lookout, Md...

........ add Portland, Me.............. Portsmouth, N. H..... Poughkeepsie, N. Y..

add Providence, R. I........

.......... add Richmond, Va...

........ada Rockaway Inlet, N.

........sub. Rockland, Me.... ......

....add Rockport, Mass..... Salem, Mass................

............add Sandy Hook, N, J.

J...........................sub. Savannah, Ga.........

.......add Southport (Smithville),

sub. Vineyard Haven, Mass. Washington, D. C..

.......add Watch Hill, R. I......

...... add West Point, N. Y Wilmington, N. C.

.... add

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EXAMPLE, -To find the approximate time of high tide at Atlantic City, N. J., on any day, find first the time of high water at New York under the desired date, and then subtract 20 minutes, as in the above table; the result is the time of high water required.

Greatest Altitude in Each State.
' FROM THE RECORDS OF THE UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY.

STATE OR

Name of Place.
TERRITORY.
Alabana ....

Cheawha Mt.(Talladega Co
Alaska.. Mt. McKinley.
Arizona ........ San Francisco Mt.
Arkansas ...... Magazine Mt........
California ....... Mt. Whitney.......
Colorado ........... Massive Mt.....
Conecticut...... Bear Mt......
Delaware .......... Southwood.......
D. of Columbia.. Tenlev .........
Florida ............ Mossyhead ........
Georgia ............ Sitting Bull Mt.
Idaho ....... Hyndman Peak
Illinois ........ Wadham..
Indiana ....... Carlos City.....
Indian Territ'y Sugarloaf Mt...
Tuwa ..

Cazenovia .......
Kansas..... Kanarado..........
lientucky...... Big Black Mt.(Harlan Co.
Louisiana. Arcadia..
Viaine..

Katahdin Mt....
Maryland ......... Great Backbone Mt
Massachusetts .. Mt. Greylock..........
Michigan........... Porcupine Mt....
Minnesota ........ Mesabi Range........
Mississippi ...... Forrest .....
Missouri ........... Cedar Gap.........

Heig' ti STATE OR

Name of Place.

Heig't Feet. TERRITORY.

Feet. 2,4071 Montana ....... Mt. Douglas ......

11,300 464 Nebraska ........ Hogback Mt......

5,084 12,794 Nevada ............Wheeler Peak ....

13.058 2.800 N. Hampshire. Mt. Washington....

6, 279 14,502 New Jersey.. ...High Knob.....

1,799 4.424 New Mexico..... Truchas Peak....

13,275 2,355 New York ......... Mt. Marcy (Adirondac 5,344 327 North Carolina Mt. Mitchell ....

6. 711 400 North Dakota .. Summit, Billings Co. 2,830 274 Ohio ................... Ontario ...

1,373 5.046 Oklahoma .......... 12.078 Oregon ............. Mt. Hood........

11, 225 1.023 Pennsylvania... Blue Knob.....

3.136 1. 208 Rhode Island... Durfee Hill....

805 2.600 South (Carolina. Rich Mt......

3,569 1.670 South Dakota... Harney Peak..

7,216 3.906 Tennessee......... Clingman Dome..

6.619 4,100 Texas ............... Chinati Peak...

7.730 368 Utah.......... . Gilbert Peak.

13.687 5.200 Vermont ......... Mt. Mansfield...

4.364 3.400 Virginia............ Mt. Rogers (Grayson Co.)... 5,719 3.535 Washington ..... Mt. Rainier .........

14.363 2.023 West Virginia. Spruce Mt. (Pendleton Co.)1 4.860 2 400 Wisconsin.. ...... Rib Hill, Marathon (o..... 1.940

593 Wyoming......... Fremont Peak. .................... 13,790 1.683

:

VOTE.-The above table was prepared for THE WORLD ALMANAC by the Geographic Branch of the United States Geological Survey. It should be stated in connection with this table that it presents only points whose heights are matters of record, and that in several cases in the high mountain region of the far West and the Pacific Slope it is well known that there are higher points within the State or Territory whose heights are not vet known with accuracy, and consequently cannot be given.

This table was revised by the United States Geological Survey to November 1, 1906. * Western end of Beaver County, Oklahoma, reaches 5,000 feet elevation.

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Table of Magnetic Declinations,

OR VARIATIONS OF THE COMPASS FOR THE EPOCH JANUARY, 1907--WITH THE ANNUAL CHANGE

FROM 1900 To 1995 FOR THE PRINCIPAL PLACES IN THE UNITED STATES. A plus (+) sign denotes West Declination; a minus (-) sign East Declination. For the annual change a plus sign denotes increasing West or decreasing East declination, and a minus sign the reverse. (Specially prepared for THE WORLD ALMANAC from reports of the United States Coast and Geodetic

Survey.)

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January, 1907
CON O

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Variation

January, 1967
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Change. Annual

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Ala. ...... Montgomery ....

Miss......... Oxford......

5 0'+ 3.8 Mobile.

Jefferson City... 38 35
Florence.

St. Louis.......... 38 90 16
Alaska... Sitka..........

Kansas City...... 39 794
St. Paul........

Helena............. 46 37 112
St. Michael... 29 162 1
24+ 7.0 Neb......... Lincoln

40 49 96 42
Fort Yukon...... 34 145 18

5.01
Omaha..

41 16 95 58 Cape Smyth...... 18156 39 18 +12.0 Nevada... Carson City....... 39 10119 46 Ariz..... Prescott.......

Eureka........ 39 31 115 58
Yuma..
44114 37 -
0 N. H........ Concord

43 12 71 291
Nogales........ ... 31 20 110 56-11
0 N. J.........Trenton....... 40 131 74 44

* 8
Ark......
Little Rock....... 34 14 92 16 - 6

7 N. Mex... Santa Fé ..... 35 41105 57 Cal...... Sacramento..... 38 34 121 30-16

0 N. Y......... Albany........ 42 40 73
San Francisco. . 37 48122 271-16

New York. 40 43 74
Los Angeles...... 4 118 15-14

Ithaca......... 42 27 76
San Diego.......... 32 43 117 10-13 37

Buffalo........... 42 55 78
Col.. Denver......... 39 45 105 01-13 10+ 3.0 N.

Raleigh..........

35 4778 Conn Hartford..... 41 46 72 40+

+ 2.0

Wilmington.. 34 13 77
New Haven...... 41 1872 55 +10

0 N. Dak... Bismarck......... 46 48 100 Del......... Dover...

Pembina........ 58 97 Dist. of

Ohio......... Columbus... 400 Col. Washington...

Cleveland

30) 81 Florida... Tallahassee .....

Cincinnati...... 8 84
Jacksonville...... 30

4 Okla......... Guthrie .....
Key West.....

7|'Oregon... Portland........... Georgia. Atlanta.

6 Pa.........

Harrisburg........ 40 16 76 53
Savannah..

Philadelphia. ... 58 75 10
Idaho...... Boisé.........

Pittsburgh..... 28 80 1
Illinois... Springfield....

4.2 R. I. Providence.... 50 71
Chicago........
41 54 87

4.6 S. O... Columbia... 34 081 2 Ind. Ter.. Atoka........ 34 24 96

Charleston....

32 47 79 56 Indiana.. Indianapolis....

O S. Dak.... Pierre...........
Fort Wayne...

Yankton.......
Iowa.... Des Moines.......

4 Tenn........ Nashville. Dubuque...........

Knoxville.....
Kansas... Topeka...........

Memphis. ......
Wichita...

Tex..... Austin
Ky.... Frankfort.....

San Antonio.
Paducah........

Houston........

29 12 95 Louisville......

Galveston.... 29 18 94
La..... Baton Rouge.

El Paso......... 31 46 106
New Orleans.

# 3.5 Utah....... Salt Lake...... 40 46 111 54 -15 54
Shreveport...

Ogden...............

41 13112 Maine.... Augusta.......

14 + 1.0 ............ Montpelier. 44 15 72 32 +14 Portland..

+14 34 + 1.3

Burlington....... 44 28 75 12 12
East port.

+19 0 0.01 Va............ Richmond. 32 77 Md... Annapolis......

5 47 + 3.0

Norfolk.........
Baltimore....

41 + 3.01

Lynchburg....

37 25 79 Mass.... Boston...........

28 + 1.8 Wash. .... Olympia......... 47 2122 Springfield, ...

+11 26 + 2.01

Walla Walla..... 46 4118 Mich... Lansing..

1 14 + 4.5 W. Va..... Charleston...... 21 81 Detroit..

+ 1 29 + 4.0

Wheeling......... 3 80
Marquette.

87 22 – 1 58 + 5.2 Wis....... Madison Minn ....... St. Paul.......... ... 44 58 93 - 811 + 4.8

Milwaukee. ...
Duluth............
... 46 46 92 -12 0 + 5.0

Superior City.... 46 40 92
Miss......... Jackson................132 13 90 12- 5 13 + 3.5 W yo.......Cheyenne ......... 41 8 104 49 -13 54 +

EXTREME VALUES. Maine..... Mo, of Green R.

| Alaska ... Demarcation
1 (Brunswick)./47 19 68 10+21 10 - 1.01.

"
Point. 69 41.1

30 +10.0 DEPENDENCIES. Cuba........ Havana............23 81 82 22 - 2 28 + 3.01 Haw'n Honolulu ......... 21 18 157 52 -10 22/- 1.5

Santiago...........20 0 75 50 - 0 311+ 2.51 Islands Waimea............ 30 2 155 38) -- 931 - 1.5 Porto San Juan........... 18 29 66 7+ 0 57 + 2.0)|Philip

Rico. Ponce.............17 59 66 401 0 4711 2.01! pines... Manila. ... ... ... 14 35 1 - 0 54 - 1.0 *Manila, 1200 581 East.

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Latitude and Longitude Table.

(LONGITUDE RECKONED FROM GREENWICH.)

Specially prepared for THE WORLD ALMANAC.

O I 11 H. M. S.
Acapulco, Mex.... ..16 50 56 N. 639 41.8 W. | Madison, Wis. * ......... ...43 4 37

5 57 37.81 Adelaide, S. Australia*..34 55 38 9142

Madras, India*. ...... 13 4 8 520 59.4 E Aden, Arabia ....... ........12 46 40 2 595

Madrid, Spain*...

.......40 24 30

014 45. 4 W. Albany, N. Y. *.... .........42 39 13 4 55 6.8 Manila, LL

.......14 35 25 8 3 50.0 E. Algiers* ..........................36 4750 0 12 11.4 E Marseilles* ........43 18 18 021 34, 6 E. Allegheny, Pa. *. 40 27 42 520 2.9 W. Melbourne, Vic.

Vin*

* ...........37 49 53 9 39 54.1 E. Alexandria, Egy, ......31 11 43 1 59 26.7 E. Mexico (city)* ......

6 36 26.7 W. Amherst, Mass.

4 50 4.7 W. Monrovia, Liberia.

ria......... 619 5 0 43 15.7 W. Ann Arbor, Mich.*.....42 16 48 534 55.2 W. ) Montreal, Que. *.

4 54 18.7 W Annapolis, Md. *

Moscow* .....

.......55 45 20 2 30 17.2 E. Antipodes Island.

52.3 E.
Mount Hamilton, Cal

8 634.1 W Apia, Samoa.......... .......13 48 56 S. 11 26 59.7 E Munich .......

......48 8 45 0 46 26.1 E Archangel, Russia.........64 32 6 2 42 14. O E. Nain, Labrador....

4 6 42.7 V Armagh, Ireland*.........54 21 13 0 26 35.4 W. Naples* ......

40 51 46 057 1.81 Aspin wall, S.A., Lt.. 9 22 9 N. 519 39.0 W. Nashville, Tenn. * .36 8 54 547 12.0 Astoria, Ore....................46 11 19 N. 815 18.8 W. Nassau, Bahamas.

5.9 27.8 Athens, Greece* ............37 58 21 N. 134 54.9 E. Natal, S. Africa*........ .29 50 47 2 4 1.2 E Attu Island, Alaska.... N. 11 32 49.6 E. New Haven, Ct. * ..........41

4 51 42.1 W Bahia, Brazil..... ..13 037

New Orleans (Mint)...... 29

6 0 13.9 Baltimore, Md........ ..39 17 48 5 6 26.0 w. New York(Colu, Col.)* 40

4 55 53. 6 W Batavia, Java..... .. 6 7 40 s. 7 713.7 E. Nice, France*.... ...........43 43 17 0 29 12.2 Belize, Honduras....... ..17 29 20 552 46.7 W. Norfolk, Va. (Navy Yd) 36 49

5 5 11.0 V Belle Isle, Lt...... ..51 53 0 341 29.5 North Cape......... .....71 11 0 1 42 40.0F Berlin, Prussia* .........

...52 30 17 0 53 34.9 Northfield, Minn, *.......44 27 42 612 35.8 W Bermuda, Dock Yard...32 19 419 18.3 Odessa, Russia*...

2 3 2.2 E. Bombay* ......

...18 53 45 451 15.7 Ogden, Utah* ................41 13 8 727 59.6 W Bonn, Germany*..... 028 23.3 Oxford, Eng. (Univ.)*...51 45 34

5 0.4 W Bordeaux, France*........44 50 17 02 5.4 W. Panama, Colombia.......

518 8.8 W Boston State House......42 21 28 4 44 15,3 W. Para, Brazil........

314 0.0 W Bridgetown, Barbadoes. 3 58 29.3 W Paris, France*............... 48

0 9 20.9 E. Brussels, Belgium*....

Pensacola, Fla., Lt ......30 20 47 549 14.1 w. Buenos Ayres.................34 36 30 3 53 28.9 W. Pernambuco, Brazil, Lt. 8

219 27.8 W. Calcutta..................

..22 33 25 553 20. 7 E. Port au Prince, Hayti...18 33 54 4 49 28.0 W. Callao, Peru, Lt....... 5 9 3.0 W. Philadelphia, Pa. *.........39 57

5 0 38.5 W. Cambridge, Eng. *..... ..52 12 52 0 0 22. 7 E. Point Barrowt................71 27 1025 0.0 W Cambridge, Mass. * ........42 22 48 444 31. 0 W. Portland, Me..................43 39 Canton, China........ .23 6 35 733 46.3 E. Port Louis, Mauritius... 20 8 46 Cape Cód, Mass., Lt......

Port Said, Egypt, Lt......31 15 45 N. 2 9 15.5 C. Hatteras, N. C., Lt.....35 15 14 5 2 5.0 W Port Spain, Trinidad......10 38 39 N. 4 6 2.5 Cape Henry, Va., Lt......36 55

P. Stanley, Falkland Is. 51 41 10 S. 351 26.0 W. Cape Horn ........ ............55 58 41 429 5.0 w Prague, Bohemia*........

057 40.3 ) Cape May, N.J., Lt......38 55 56 4 59 50.7 Princeton, N. J.*....... ....40 20 58 4 58 37.5 V Cape Good Hope, Lt.....34 21 12 1 13 58.0 1 Providence, R. I.*.........41 49 46 N. 4 45 37.5 W Cape Prince of Wales ...65 33 30 N. 11 11 56.8 W. Quebec, Que. *.... ....46 47 59 44 52.6 W Charleston, S.C., Lt........32 41 44

Richmond, Va... 37 32 16 N. 5 944.0 W Charlottetown, P.E.I...46 13 55 N. 412 27.5 W. Rio de Janeiro* ...22 54 24 2 52 41.4 Cherbourg, France.........49 38 54

6 32.5 W. Rochester, N. Y. ..........43 917 N. 5 10 21.8 Chicago, Ill.*..................41 50 1

50 26.7 W. Rome, Italy*..... ..........41 53 54 N. 049 55.6 Christiania, Nor. * .........59 54 44 N. 0 42 53.8 E. Saigon, Cochin-China*..10 46 47 7 648.7 Cincinnati, O.*... ..... 39 819 N. 5 37 41.3 San Diego, Cal................32 43 6 748 38.7 Clinton, N. Y.*........ .......43 3 17 N

Sandy Hook, N.J., Lt...40 27 40 4 56 0.6 Colombo, Ceylon.

519 21.9 San Francisco, Cal.*......37 47 28 8 9 42 Constantinople ..... 1 56 3.7 San Juan de Porto Rico. 18

24 29.8 W Copenhagen*... ...........55 41 13

Santiago de Cuba ...........20 016 5 3 22.0 W Demerara(Geo' townLt) 6 49 20 ) 3 52 46.0 W. Savannah, Ga...........

5 24 21.7 W. Denver, Col.*..... .......39 40 36 6 59 47.6 W. Seattle, Wash........ .......47 35 54 N.

8 9 19.9 W. Dublin, Ireland*.... 0 25 21.1 w. Shanghai, China...........

8 5 55. 7 E. Edinburgh*......... .........55 57 23 12 43,1 w. Singapore, India............ 1

6 55 25.0 E. Esquimault, B.C.,Lt.....48 25 40 13 47.1 w. St. Helena Island..

0 22 52.0 W Father Point, Que., Lt...48 31 25 33 49.2 W. St. John's, Newfo’land..47 34

3 30 43.6 W. Fayal, Azores ................38 32 9 154 16.0 W. St. Louis, Mo. * ...............38 38

6049.1 W Fernandina, Fla.

.....30 40 18

525 51.1 w. St. Petersburg, Russia*..59 56 30 2 1 13.5 E. Florence, Italy*........ .....43 46 4 0 45 1.5 E. Stockholm* ....... ..59 20 33 112 14.0 Funchal, Madeira.........32 38 4 1 7 35.6 W. Suakim, E, Africa, Lt.....19 7 0 2 29 16.6 Galveston, Tex..............29 18 17 619 9.7 W. Sydney, N. S. W. *.........33 51 41 s 10 4 49.5 Geneva, Switzerland*...46 11 59 0 24 36.8 E. Tokio, Japan*................35 39 17 9 18 58.0 Glasgow, Scotland* ......55 52 43 017 10.6 W. Tunis (Goletta Lt. ......

041 14.5 Gibraltar .......................

...........36 6 30 021 23.3 W. Utrecht, Netherlands*...52 510 0 20 31.7 Greenwich, Eng. * .51 28 38 0 0 0.0 Valparaiso, Chile...........33 153 4 46 34.8 Halifax, N.S.... ...44 39 38 414 21.1 W. Venice, Italy* ...............45 26 10 049 22.1 Hamburg, Ger. * ...53 33 7 0 39 53.8 E. Vera Cruz, Mex., Lt......19 12 29 6 24 31.8 Hanover, N, H. ..43 42 15

Victoria, B.C., Lt.........

813 33.8 Havana, Cuba..... ...23 9 21 29 26.0 W. Vienna, Austria*. ... .48 13 55 N. i 5 21.5 Hobart Town, Tas.........42 53 25

49 20.5 E. I Warsaw, Russia*... ....52 13 6 N. 1 24 7.4) Hong Kong, China*......22 18 12 7 36 41.9 E. Washington, D.C.*.....

5 8 15.7 Honolulu (Reef Lt.).

. 10 31 28.0 Wellington, N.Z.*.........41 18 1S. 11 39 6.5 Key West, Fla. , Lt.........24 32 58 N. 527 12.3 W. West Point, N. Y. .........41 23 22 N 4 55 50.6 Kingston, Jam...............1757 41 N. 5 7 10.7 W. Williamstown, Mass. *.42 42 30 N. 452 50.4 Lisbon, Portugal*...........38 42 31 N. 0 36 44.7 W. Yokohama, Japan .........35 26 24 N. 918 36.9 Liverpool"...... ..53 24 6 N. 0 12 17.3 W. | Zanzibar (E. Consulate) 6 9 43 S. 238 44. 7 E.

• Observatories. Lt. denotes a light-house. t Highest latitude in U.S. territory.

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Facts About the Earth. ACCORDING to Clark. the equatorial semi-diameter is 20, 926, 202 feet-3963. 296 miles. and the polar semi-diameter is 20, 854,895 feet-3950. 738 miles. One degree of latitude at the polo.269.407 miles. One degree of latitude at the equator-68. 704 miles.

POPULATION OF THE EARTH BY CONTINENTS.
(From Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society.)

INHABITANTS
CONTI-
Area in

CONTI

INHABITANTS.

L Area in
NENTALI

Number.
Per Sq. NENTAL !

Number. Per Sy.
DIVISIONS. |
Mile. | DIVISIONS. Square Miles.

Mile. Africa ........ 11.514.000 127.000.000 11.00||Australasia 3,288,000 4.730.000 1.40 America, V.. 6.416.000 89.250.000 13. 80||Europe........ 3,555.000 380, 200,000 106,90 America, S..

6.837.000 36.420.000 5.30 Polar Reg... 4,888.800 300,000 0.07 Asia ......... 14,710,000 850,000,000 57.7011 Total......... 51,238,800 1,487,900,000! 29.00

The above estimate was made by Ernest George Ravenstein, F.R.G.S., the geographer and statistician, and is for 1890. The population of North America, 1900, had increased to over 100,000,000.

An estimate of population of the earth, made by Drs. Wagner and Supan, editors of "Bevölkerung der Erde'' (Perthes. Gotha, 1891), is as follows: Europe, 357.379.000: Asia. 825. 954. 000: Africa, 163, 953, 000: America, 121, 713, 000; Australia, 3, 230,000; Oceanic Islands, 7, 420,000; polar regions, 80, 400. Total, 1,479, 729, 400. The estimate of area of the continents and islands by the same authorities is 52,821,684.

Ravenstein's estimate of the earth's fertile region, in square miles, is 28, 269, 200; steppe, 13, 901, 000; desert, 4, 180, 000; polar regions, 4, 888, 800.

The population of the earth at the death of the Emperor Augustus, estimated by Bodio, was 54,000,000. The population of Europe hardly exceeded 50,000,000 before the fifteenth century. - Mulhall.

• The area and cubic contents of the earth, according to the data of Clark, given above, are: Surface, 196, 971, 984 square miles; cubic contents, 259, 944, 035,515 cubic miles.

Murray (Challenger expedition) states the greatest depth of the Atlantic Ocean at 27, 366 feet; Pacific Ocean, 30, 000 feet; Indian Ocean, 18, 582 feet; Southern Ocean, 25, 200 feet; Arctic Ocean, 9,000 feet. The Atlantic Ocean has an area, in square miles, of 24,536, 000; Pacific Ocean. 50,309, 000; Indian Ocean, 17,084, 000; Arctic Ocean. 4.781,000; Southern Ocean, 30, 592, 000. The highest mountain is believed to be Deodhunga or Everest, one of the Himalayas, 29, 002 feet. . For population of the earth according to creed, see RELIGIOUS STATISTICS.

POPULATION OF THE EARTH ACCORDING TO RACE.

(Estimated by John Bartholomew, F. R.G.S., Edinburgh.)
RACE
Location Number.]

RACE.

Location. | Number Indo - Germanic or Europe, Persia,

Hottentot and BushAryan (white)... .... etc......

man (black).......... South Africa . 150,000 Mongolian or Turain

Malay and Polynes-Australasia ian (yellow and Greater part of

ian (brown).... .. & Polynesia 35,000,000 brown).........

... 630,000,000 American Indian North & So. Semitic or Hamitic North Africa,

(red)...............

America...... 15,000,000 (white)..................... Arabia ............. 65,000,000 Negro and Bantu

Total...

1,440, 650,000 (black)..................... Central Africa.... 150,000,000

The human family is subject to forty-nine principal governments. As to their form they may be classified as follows: Absolute monarchies, Abyssinia, Afghanistan, China, Korea, Morocco, Persia. Siam. Turkey: Limited monarchies, Austria-Hungary, Belgium, British Empire, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Italy, Japan, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Roumania, Russia, Servia, Sweden. Spain; Republics, Argentine Republic, Bolivia Brazil Chile Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, France, Guatemala, Hayti, Honduras, Liberia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Salvador, Switzerland, United States of America, Uruguay, Venezuela. . Besides these are the undefined despotisms of Central Africa, and a few insignificant independent States.

The average duration of human life is about 33 years. One-quarter of the people on the earth die before age 6, one-half before age 16, and only about 1 person of each 100 born lives to age 65.

EUROPEAN LANGUAGES SPOKEN.

Asia.................00V, W

,

...............

......

20,550.000 275,200.000

PROPOR

PROPORNUMBER OF PERSONS TION OF

NUMBER OF PERSONS TION OF
LAN-
SPOKEN BY.

THE
LAN-
SPOKEN BY.

THE
GUAGES.
WHOLE. GUAGES.

WHOLE 1801. 1 1890. 1801. 1890.

1801. 1 1890. 1801. 1890. . English .... 20.520,000 111,100.000 12.7 27.7 Portuguese 7,480,000 13,000,000 4.71 3. 2 French ...... 31,450,000 51,200.000 19.4

Russian ..... 30,770, 000 75,000,000 19.0 18.7 German......

30,320,000 75,200,000 18.7 18.7 Italian ........ 15.070.000 33.400.000 9.3 8.31 Total ......161,800,000.40

(161,800,000 401,700,000 100.0 100.0 Spanish ..... 26.190,000 42,800.000 16.2 10.7

These estimates by Mulhall (1891) exhibit the superior growth of the English language in the last ninety years Another authority (see "English-Speaking Religious Communities') estimates the number using the English language in 1895 at over 124, 130,000.

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