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The Vedanta Society, THE following statement of the purposes of this Society has been prepared by the Secretary, Mrs. E. P. Cape:
The Vedanta Society of New York was established in 1884 by Swami Vivekananda of India, delegate to the Parliament of Religions at Chicago, and was regurlarly incorporated in 1898 by Swami Abhedananda, now at its head. The object of the society is not to form a new sect or creed, or to make proselytes, but to explain through logic and reason the spiritual
laws that govern our lives; to show that the True Religion of the Soul is not antagonistic to, but in harmony with, philosophy and science; to establish that Universal Religion which underlies all the various sects and creeds of special religions; to propagate the principles taught by great seers of Truth and religious leaders of different countries and illustrated by their lives; and to help mankind in the practical application of those principles in their spiritual, moral, intellectual and physical needs.
The present headquarters of the Society with its Circulating Library, Reading Room and Chapel, are at 62 West Seventy-first Street, New York City. Here throughout the Winter seasou a service with lecture by Swami Abhedananda is held every Sunday morning at 11, and a class lecture on Tuesday evening at 8. There are Yogo classes for practical training in the Science of Breathing, in Concentration, Meditation and Sell-Control every Thursday evening at 8, and on Saturday morning at 10.30. Besides these there is also a correspondence class for non-resident members in which the same instructions are given in writing by the Swami. An associate membership, exists for those who do not wish regular instruction but who desire to be affiliated with the Society. Among the honorary members are Rev. R. Heber Newton, D), D., Charles R. Lanman, Ph. D., LL, D. Professor of Sanskrit at Harvard University; Hiram Corson, A.M., LL.D., Litt. D., Professor
of En lish Literature Emeritus at Cornell University.
The officers of the Society are: President-Professor Herschel C. Parker, Vice-President-W. H. Crossman, Secretary-Mrs. Emily Palmer Cape. Treasurer--Walter Goodyear.
The Society has a large publishing department and issues a catalogue containing nearly forty titles of works on the Philosophy and Religion of Vedanta. Within the last five years it has sent out from its headquarters 39,876 books and pamphlets written by Swamis of India. It also publishes a monthly Bulletin. The Vedanta Society of New York has branches in Brooklyn and in Washington, D. C. There are also centres in San Francisco and Los Angeles, besides a Peace Retreat in the mountains of Santa Clara County, Cal. These organizations in America are affiliated with hundreds of Vedanta Societies throughout India and Ceylon.
The Latter-Day Saints. THE Mormons, or Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, were organized April 6, 1830, with six members, by Joseph Smith, at Fayette, Seneca County, N. Y. After being driven by mobs from various places in Missouri, Ohio, and Illinois, they settled at Great Salt
Lake, Utah, under the leadership of Brigham Young, in 1847. The total church membership is 300,000, and the number of elders, 1,700.
The following statement of the doctrines of the Church was issued with the approval of Prophet Joseph Smith:
1. We believe in God, the Eternal Father, and in his Son, Jesus Christ, and in the Holy Ghost. 2. We believe that men will be punished for their own sins, and not for Adam's transgression.
3. We believe that through the atouement of Christ all mankind may be saved, by obedience to the laws and ordinances of the Gospel.
4. We believe that these ordinances are: First, Faith in the Lord Jesus Christ ; second, Repentance; third, Baptism by immersion for the remission of sins; fourth, Laying ou of hands for the Gift of the Holy Ghost.
5. We believe that a man must be called of God, by“ Prophecy, and by the laying on of hands," by those who are in authority to preach the Gospel an 1 administer in the ordinances thereof.
6. We believe iu the same organization that existed in the Primitive Church, viz. : Apostles, prophets, pastors, teachers, evangelists, etc.
7. We believe in the gift of tongues, prophecy, revelation, visions, healing, interpretation of tongues, etc.
8. We believe the Bible to be the word of God, as far as it is translated correctly; we also believe the Book of Mormon to be the word of God.
9. We believe all that God has revealed, all that He does nový reveal, and we believe that He will yet reveal many great and important things pertaining to the Kingdom of God.
10.' We believe in the literal gathering of Israel and in the restoration of the Ten Tribes; that Zion will be built upon this continent; that Christ will reign person:lly upon the earth, and that the earth will be renewed and receive its paradisic glory:
11. We claim the privilege of worshiping Almighty God according to the dictates of our couscience, and allow all men the same privilege, let them worship how, where or what they may.
12. We believe in being subject to kings, presidents, rulers, and magistrates, in obeying, honoring, and sustaining the law.
13. We believe in being honest, true, chaste, benevolent, virtuous, and in doing good to all men ; indeed, we may say that we follow the admonition of Paul. "We believe all things, we hope all things," we have endured many th ngs, and hope to be able to endure all things. If there is anything virtuous, lovely, or of good report, or praiseworthy, we seek after thes: things. • The Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ
of Latter-Day Saints is a separate
body, having its headquarters at Lamoni, Iowa. It was organized in 1851, and is presided over by Joseph Smith, son of the Prophet. Its enrolled membership is 50,000, and it has 800 active ministers.
American Sunday School Union. THE American Sunday-School Union is the offspring of the old First Day Society, which was founded in Philadelphia in 1791. In 1817 this organization became the Philadelphia Sunday and Adult School Union, and in 1824 it assumed its present title. Its objects are to concentrate the efforts of Sabbath-school societies in different portions of our country to disseminate useful information; to circulate moral and religious publications in every part of the land, and endeavor to plant a Sunday-school wherever there is a population." Like the venerable British and Foreign Bible Society, it is a great inter-denominational association, organizing Bible services to teach, study and understand God's word and, while it is managed by laymen, it employs both ministers and laymen as officers and missionaries.
Some idea of the Society's work and growth may be obtained from the following facts: The Philadelphia Union began with one juvenile book in 1817, and with one missionary in 1821. Now the American Sunday School Union's publications are numbered by the thousands, and it has distributed over $10,000,000 worth of religious literature; it maintains more than 150 permanent missionaries and it has organized an average of more tban 1, 300 new Sahhath-schools a year--nearly four a day for every day of the last eighty years. Its present officers are: President-Morris K. Jesup. Vice-Presidents-John H. Converse aud William N. Ashman). Recording Secretary-J, M. Andrews The headquarters of the Society are at No. 1122 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa.
Society of muayflower Descendants. THE Society of Mayflower Descendants was organized in the ('ity of New York December 22, 1894, by lineal descendants of the Mayflower pilgrims. "to preserve their memory, their records. their history, and all facts relating to them, their ancestors, and their posterity." Every lineal descendant over eighteen years of age, male or female, of any passenger of the voyage of the Mayflower, which terminated at Plymouth, Mass., December, 1620, including all signers of The Compact, are eligible to membership. The initiation fee is $10 and the annual dues are $6. The annual meeting is held November 21, the anniversary of the signing of "The Compact." Societies have been organized in New York, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Illinois, District of Columbia, Ohio, New Jersey, Wisconsin, Rhode Island, Michigan, Minnesota, and Maine. The officers of the General Society are: Governor-General, Samuel B. Capen; Deputy Governors General, Richard Henry Greenie, Char E. Gross, Francis Olcott Allen, umes Nevins Hyde, William Lowrey Marsh, William Howard Doane, Rev. Charles A. Brewster, John W. P. Lombard, George Corlis Nightingale, Paul A. L. Doty, William D. Washburn, John Fremont Hill; Secretary-General, Ashbel P. Fitch, Jr., 32 Nassau Street, New York; Treasurer General, James M. Rhodes, Historian-General, Edward H. Whorf; Elder-General, Rev. John
Lewis Ewell; Captain-General, Miles Standish; Surgeon-General, Dr. Abiel w, Nelson ; Assistants- General, Howland Davis, S. R. Thayer, Prof. Wilfred H. Munro, William Waldo Hyde, Walter M. Howland, Theodore S. Lazell, and George C. Mason.
The Huguenot Society of America. This Society was organized April 13, 1883, and has its office in New York at No. 105 East Twenty-second Street. President, Col. William Jay, Vice-Presidents, George S. Bowdoin, Theodore M. Banta, Henry M. Lester, A. T. Clearwater, Nathaniel Thayer, Richard Olney, William Ely, Henry W. Bookstaver, Col. R. L. Maury, Herbert Du Puy, Prof. Allan Marquand, Col. Henry A. Dupont, Rev. Robert Wilson; Treasurer, T.J.Oakley Rhinelander; Secretary, Mrs. James M. Lawton; Erecuttive Committee, the officers of the society, the chairmen of the committees on pedigrees, publication, library, and finance, and Bayard Dominiek, William Mitchell, Charles Lanier, Charles Darlington, H. Rieman Duval; Chaplain-Rt. Rev. Bishop J. H, Darlington. Descent from Huguenot ancestors is the qualification necessary for membership.
Society of Colonial culars. Governor-General-Arthur J. C. Sowdon, Boston. Vice-Governor-General-Howland Pell, New York. Deputy Governors- General- For New York, Walter L. Suydam; Pennsylvania, Richard M. Cadwalader; Maryland, Gen. Joseph L. Brent; Massachusetts, Arthur J. C. Sowdon; Connecticut, Bela Peck Learned, Norwich, ct. District of Columbia, Thomas Hyde, Washington; New Jersey, Emory McClintock; New Hampshire, Prof. Charles L. Parsons; Vermont, Robert Noble; Ohio, Michael Myers, Shoemaker; California, Spencer R. Thorpe; Iowa, Samuel F. Smith; Michigan, Theodore
#. Eaton; Delaware, William A. La Motte; Rhode Island, George C. Nightingale; Maine, Col. John M. Glidden; Washington, J. Kennedy Stout; Virginia, Hon. Richard T, W. Duke, Jr.; Colorado, Frank Trumbull Illinois, John S. Sargent; Georgia, John A. G. Carson; Missouri, John B. Wright; Minnesota, Gen.James . Wade, U.S.A.; Kentucky, D. Linn Gooch; Indiana, Alexander F. Fleet. Secretary-General--Samuel V. Hoftinan. Deputy Secretary-General--Guy Van Amringe, 45 William Street, New York. Treasurer-General-Wm. Macpherson Hornor, Bryn Mawr, Pa. Registrar-General-George Norbury Mackenzie, Baltimore. Historian-General-Thomas Page Grant, Louisville, Ky.; Chaplain-General-Rt. Rev. William Lawrence, Boston. Surgeon-General-James G.Mumford, Boston. Chancellor-General-Prof, Theodore S. Woolsey, New Haven.
The Society of Colonial Wars was instituted in 1892 to " perpetuate the memory of these events and of the men who, in military, naval, and civil positions of high trust and responsibility, by their acts or counsel assisted in the establishment, defence, and preservation of the American Colonies, and were in truth the founders of this nation. With this end in view it seeks to collect and preserve manuscripts, rolls, and records; to provide suitable commemorations or memorials relating to the American Colonial period, and to inspire in its members the paternal and patriotic spirit of their forefathers, and in the community respect and reverence for those whose public services made our freedom and unity possi
Eligibility is confined to an adult male descendant of an ancestor who fought in battle under Colonial authority, from the settlement of Jamestown, Va., in 1607, to the battle of Lexington, in 1775, or who served as Governor, Deputy-Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, Member of the Council, or as a military, naval, or marine officer in the service of the Colonies, or under the banner of Great Britain, or was conspicuous in military, official, or legislative life during that period.
The Order of the Founders and Patriots of America.
Governor-General-Admiral George Dewey, U.S.N., Washington, D.C. Deputy Governor-GeneralRev.John Gaylord Davenport, D. D., Waterbury Ct. "Chaplain-General-Rev. Theophilus P. Sawin, D. D., Troy, N. Y. Secretary-General-Theodore Gilman, No. 55 William Street, New York. Treasurer-General --William Scott Wadsworth, M. D., Philadelphia, Pa. Attorney-General-Edward Lang Perkins, Phlladelphia, Pa. Registrar-General-Clarence E. Leonard, No. 44 East Twenty-third Street, New York. Genealogist- General-Edwin Louis Ripley, Bridgeport, Ct. Historian-GeneralHarry E. Atwater, New Jersey.
The Order was founded in 1896, its object being “to bring together and associate congenial men whose ancestors struggled together for life and liberty, home and happiness, in the land when it was a new and unknown country, and whose line of descent from them comes through patriots who sustained the Colonies in the struggle for independence in the Revolutionary War; to teach reverent regard for the names and history, character and perseverance, deeds and heroism of the founders of this country and their patriot descendants; to teach that the purpose of the founders could have had no lasting result but for their patriot sons; to inculcate patriotism; to discover, collect, and preserve records, documents, manuscripts, monuments, and history relating to the first colonists and their ancestors and their descendants, and to commemorate and celebrate events in the history of the Colonies and the Republic." Eligibility-Any man above the age of twenty-one years, of good moral character and reputation, and a citizen of the United States, who is lineally descended, in the male line of either parent, from an ancestor who settled in any of the Colonies now included in the United States of America prior to May 13,1657, and whose intermediate ancestors in the same line during the Revolutionary period adhered as patriots to the cause of the Colonies, shall be eligible for membership. There are State Societies in New York, Connecticut, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. The Governor of the New York Society is Theodore Fitch. 'The Secretary is Col. Charles H. Sherrill, No. 30 Broad Street, New York.
Society of the Cincinnati.
Hon. Winslow Warren, Mass.
Hon. Asa Bird Gardiner, LL.D., L. H.D., R.I.
Mr. Francis Marinus Caldwell, Pa.
The historic and patriotic Order of the Cincinnati was founded by the
In forming the society it was declared that, To perpetuate, therefore, as well the remembrance of this vast event as the mutual friendships which have been formed under the pressure of common danger, and, in many instances, cemented by the blood of the parties, the officers of the American army do hereby, in the most solemn manner, associate, constitute, and combine themselves into one Society of Friends, to endure as long as they shall endure, or any of their eldest male posterity, and in failure thereof the collateral branches
who may be judged worthy of becoming its supporters and members." For convenience, thirteen State societies were formed, and one in France, under the direct patronage of Louis XVI. Upon the roll of original members appeared the names of all the great historic military and naval characters of the Revolution, and upon the roll of honorary members, elected for their own lives only, appeared many of the signers of the Declaration of Independence.
THE RIGHT TO MEMBERSHIP. All Continental officers who had served with honor and resigned after three years' service as officers, or who had been rendered supernumerary and honorably discharged, in one of the several reductions of the American army, or who had continued to the end of the war, and all French officers who had served in the co-operating army under Count d'Estaing, or auxiliary army under Count de Rochambeau, and held or attained the rank of colonel for such services, or who had commanded a French fleet or ship of war on the American coast, were entitled to become original members, and upon doing so were fequired to contribute a month's pay.
STATE SOCIETIES, The Cincinnati is organically one society in membership, but for convenience in admission of members and in its charitable and patriotic objects
is subdivided into State societies, there being thirteen, and the one in France, which was dispersed at the Reign of Terror in 1793, but is being re-established. Four dormant societies were restored to membership at the triennial meeting of 1902.
Membership descends to the eldest lineal male descendant; if judged worthy, and, in failure of direct male descent, to male descendants through intervening female descendants.
The general society when legislating for the good of the Order is composed of the general officers and five delegates from each State society, and meets triennially. In 1854 it ruled that proper descendants of Revolutionary officers who were entitled to original membership, but who never could avail themselves of it, are qualified for hereditary membership, if found worthy, on due application.
GENERAL OFFICERS SINCE ORGANIZATION, The following have been the principal general officers:
PRESIDENTS-GENERAL. 1783..Gen. George Washington, LL.D., Va. 1839..Major-Gen. Morgan Lewis, A. M., N. Y. 1800..Major-Gen. Alexander Hamilton, LL.D., 1844..Brevet Major William Popham, N. Y. N. Y.
1848..Brig. -Gen. Η. Α. Scammell' Deatborn, 1805..Major-Gen. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney,
1854..Hon. Hamilton Fish, LL.D., N. Y. 1825..Major-Gen. Thomas Pinckney, A. M. , S. C. 1896.. Hon. William Wayne, A. M., Pa. 1829..Major-Gen. Aaron Ogden, LL.D., N. J. 1902..Hon. Winslow Warren, A.M., Mass.
VICE-PRESIDENTS-GENERAL, 1784..Major-Gen. Horatio Gates, LL.D., Va. 1839..Major the Hon. William Shute, N. J. 1787..Major-Gen. Thomas Miffin, A.M., Pa. 1844. Hon. Horace Binney, LL.D., Pa. 1799. Major-Gen. Alexander Hamilton, LL.D., 1848..Hon. Hamilton Fish, LL.D., N. Y. N. Y.
1854..Hon. Charles Stewart Davies, LL. D. , Mass. 1800..Major-Gen. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, 1866..Mr. James Warren Sever, A.M., Mass. LL. D., S. C.
1872..Hon. James Simons, A.M., S. c. 1805..Major-Gen. Henry Knox, M., Mass.
1.. Villiam Armstrong Irvine,'M. D., Pa. 1811..Brig.-Gen. John Brooks, M. D., LL.D., Mass. 1887..Hon, Robert Milligan McLane, Md. 1825..Major-Gen. Aaron Ogden, LL.D., N. J. 1896.. Hon. Winslow Warren, A. M., Mass. 1829..Major-Gen. Morgan Lewis, A. M., N. Y. 1902. Hon. James Simons, Jr., LL.D., S. C.
SECRETARIES-GENERAL 1783..Major-Gen. Henry Knox, A. M., Mass. 1857. Mr. Thomas McEwen, A. M., M. D., Pa. 1799..Major the Hon. William Jackson, Pa. 1875..Mr. George Washington Harris, Pa. 1829. Mr. Alexander W. Johnston, Pa.
1884..Hon. Asa Bird Gardiner, LL.D., L.H.D.,R.I. The last triennial meeting of the general society was held at Richmond, Va., in May, 1905. The next triennial meeting will be held at Charleston, $. C. in May, 1908.
The office of the Secretary-General is at Garden City, Long Island, N. Y.
The number of living members of the Society of the Cincinnati, as reported at the triennial meeting May, 1905, is 848. The limited list of honorary members of the Order includes President Rooseveit, ex-President Cleveland, Admiral Dewey, and Lieut.-General Miles, who were admitted by the New York State Society, and ex-President Loubet, of France, who was admitted by the Rhode Island State Society. The late President McKiniey and the late ex-President Harrison were admitted by the Pennsylvania State Society. President James Monroe was an original member like Washington, and President Pierce was an hereditary member.
SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI-Continued.
The following are the presidents, vice-presidents, and secretaries of the several State societies :
Thornton K. Lothrop... David Greene Haskins. Rhode Island.. Asa Bird Gardiner
James M. Varnum
George W. Olney. Connecticut George Bliss Sanford.
Henry L. Abbott.
Morris Woodruff Seymour. New York. Talbot Olyphant.
Francis Key Pendleton.. Francis Burrall Hoffman. New Jersey.
Frank Landon Humphreys. Franklin 1). Howell.. W. T. B. S. Imlay. Pennsylvania .. Richard Dale..
Francis Marinus Caldwell... W. Macpherson Hornor. J'elaware. Thomas David Pearce. John Patten Wales.... Job O. Platt. Maryland. William Henry De Courcy... Oswald Tilghman.
Thomas E. Sears, Virginia.. George Ben Johnston...... William Weldon Bentley... Heth Lorton. North Carolina. Wilson Gray Lamb
John Collins Daves.
Charles Lukens Davis, South Carolina. James Simons,..
Daniel E. Higer Smith... Henry M. Tucker,.r. Georgia
Walter Glasco Charlton. William Hall Milton... 'George Noble Jones.
Sons of the Revolution. General President-Ex-Gov. John Lee Carroll, Md. General Secretary-J. M. Montgomery, N. Y. General Vice-President-Garrett D. W. Vroom, N.J. Assistant General Secretary-Wm. H. Yarris, Md. Second General Vice-President-W.G. Harvey, s. C. General Registrar-Walter Gilman Page, Mass. General Treasurer --R. M. Cadwalader, Pa.
General Historian-H. O. Collins, ('al. Assistant General Treasurer-Henry Cadle, Mo. General Chaplain-Rev. Thos. E.Green, D.D., Iowa.
The society of the Sons of the Revolution" was originated in New York in 1875 by John Austin Stevens, in conjunction with other patriotic gentlemen of Revolutionary ancestry. The New York Society was instituted February 22, 1876; reorganized December 3, 1883, and incorporated May 3, 1881, to keep alive among ourselves and our descendants the patriotic spirit of the men who, in military, naval, or civil service, by their acts or counsel, achieved American independence; to collect and secure for preservation the manuscript rolls, records, and other documents relating to the War of the Revolution, and to promote intercourse and good feeling among its members now and hereafter." Eligibility to membership is confined to male descendants, above the age of twenty-one years, from an ancestor who as either a military, naval, or marine otficer, soldier, sailor, or marine, or official in the service of any one of the thirteen original Colonies or States, or of the National Government, representing or composed of those Colonies or States, assisted in establishing American independence during the War of the Revolution between the 19th day of April, 1775, when hostilities commenced, and the 19th day of April, 1783, when they were ordered to cease. The next triennial meeting of the general society will be held in the City of Washington, April 19, 1908.
The officers of the New York Society Sons of the Revolution are as follows: President Edmund Wetmore, Vice-Presidents-John C. Tomlinson, August Belmont, Dallas Bache Pratt, Secretary-Henry Russell Drowne, 146 Broadway. Treasurer-Arthur Melvin Hatch. Registrar Prof. Henry Phelps Johnston. Chaplain--Rev. Morgan Dix.
There are thirty State societies and a society in the District of Columbia. The aggregate membership is 7,560, that of the New York Society being over 2,000, and the Pennsylvania Society over 1,000.
Sons of the American Revolution.
Registrar-General and Secretary-General-A. HowVice-Pres. - Gen.-Henry Stockbridge, Md.
ard Clark, D. C. Vice-Pres.-Gen.-Edward A. Butler, Me.
Historian-General-W. R. Wickes, N. Y. Vice-Pres. - Gen. -Lundsford F. Lewis, Va. Chaplain-General-Rev.J. W. Atwood, Ohio. Vice-Pres. - Gen.- Andrew W. Bray, N. J.
The National Society of “Sons of the American Revolution'' was organized in New York April 30, 1889, and chartered in Connecticut in 1890. Its purposes are the same as those of the older organization, the "Sons of the Revolution." State societies exist in thirty-eight States, the District of Columbia, and Hawaii. A California society of descendants of Revolutionary patriots, entitled "Sons of Revoluitionary Sires,” organized July 4, 1875, having reorganized and changed its name in 1889, has been admitted to membership. A formal movement by this society and the “Sons of the Revolution" toward a union was attempted in 1892, and again in 1897, but was not successful. The total membership the organization is about 8,000.
The New York or Empire State Society was organized February 11, 1890. The following are the officers: President-William A. Marble. Secretary-James de ia Montanye, 239 Broadway, New York. Registrar-Teunis ] Huntting. Historian-Edward Hageman Hall.
Aztec Club of 1847. President-Gen. Samuel Gibbs French, Pensacola, Fla. Vice-President-Gen. Richard Coulter Drum, U.S. A. Secretary-Edward Trenchard, 78 Broad Street, New York City. Treasurer-William Turnbull, New York City. Vice- Treasurer-Edward H. Floyd-Jones, New York City. This society, originally composed of officers
of the United States Army who served in the war with Mexico, was formed in the city of Mexico in 1847, and has been continued, with a view to cherish the memories and keep alive the traditions that cluster about the names of those officers who took part in the Mexican War." Membership is confined to officers of the army, navy, and marine corps who served in the war or their male blood relatives, Each primary member may nominate as his successor his son or a male blood relative, who during the life of the primary member is known as associate-member, and on the death of the former is entitled, as bis representative, to full mem. bership. There are 200 members.
Society of Tammany, or Columbian Order. Grand Sachen-William Bourke Cockran. Sachems-Patrick Keenan, Louis F. Haffen, Daniel F. MCMahon, Daniel F. Cohalan, John J. Scannell, Charles F. Murphy, Randolph Guggenheimer, Maurice Featherson, Asa Bird Gardiner, George W. Plunkitt, Timothy D. Sullivan, John Fox, William Dalton. Secretary-Thomas F. Smith. Treasurer-Joseph P. Day. Sagamore-Bryan P. Henry. Wiskinkie-John A. Boyle.
This organization was formed in 1789, being the effect of a popular movement in New York, having primarily in view a counterweight to the so-called "aristocratic Society of the Cincinnati. It was essentially anti-Federalist or democratic in its character, and its chief founder was William Mooney, an upholsterer and a native-born American of Irish extraction. It took its first title from a noted, ancient, wise, and friendly chief of the Delaware tribe of Indians, named Tammany, who had, for the want of a better subject, been canonized by the soldiers of the Revolution as the American patron saint. The first meeting was held May 12, 1789. The act of incorporation was passed in 1805. The Grand Sachem and thirteen Sachems were designed to typify the President and the Governors of the thirteen original States. William Mooney was the first Grand Sachem. The Society is nominally a charitable and social organization, and is distinct from the General Committee of the Tammany Democracy, which is a political organization, and cannot use Tammany Hall without the consent of the Society,
Military Order of Foreign Wars. THE Military Order of Foreign Wars of the United States was instituted in the City of New York December 27, 1894, by veterans and descendants of veterans of one or more of the five foreign wars which the United States had been engaged in, to wit: The War of the Revolution, the War with Tripoli, the War of 1812, the Mexican War, and the War with Spain, ''to perpetuate the names and memory of brave and loyal men who took part in establishing and maintaining the principles of the Government'' in said wars, and to preserve records and documents relating to said wars, and to celebrate the anniversaries of historic events connected therewith." Since the establishment of the order the United States has fought its fifth foreign war. By an amendment to the constitution all American officers who participated in the War with Spain, or any future foreign campaign recognized by the United States government as ," are rendered eligible to membership as veteran companions.
Members are entitled "companions,'' and are either veteran companions'' or "hereditary companions." The former are commissioned officers of the army, navy, or marine corps of the United States who participated in any of the foreign wars of the United States. The latter are direct lineal descendants, in the male line only, of commissioned officers who served honorably in any of the said wars. Commanderies may be established in each of the States, and State commanderies now exist in the States of New York, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Illinois, California, Massachusetts, Maryland, Ohio, Missouri, Vermont, Virginia, Rhode Island, Louisiana, Indiana, Wisconsin, Michigan, Texas, Georgia, Colorado, New Jersey, and the District of Columbia.
The National Commandery was instituted March 11, 1896, by the officers of the New York, Pennsylvania, and Connecticut commanderies. The following are the officers of the National Commandery: Commander-General-Major-Gen. Alexander S. Webb, U. S. A. Secretary-General-James H. Morgan, Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, New York. Treasurer-General---Col. Oliver C. Bosbyshell. RegistrarGeneral-Rev. Henry N. Wayne. Judge - Advocate- General--Frank Montgomery Avery. Present membership, over 1, 700 companions. There are Vice-Commanders-General representing each State commandery.
Regular U. S. Army and Navy Union. A PATRIOTIC, fraternal, and beneficial organization, chartered under act of Congress, for soldiers' and sailors' rights and benefits.
National Commander-James B. Morton, District of Columbia. National Senior-Vice-Commander Daniel T. Callaban, Massachusetts. National Junior Vice-Commander-William O'Brien, Massachusetts. Adjutant-General---Michael J. Hackett, Headquarters, 4 Warder Street, N. W., Washington, D. C. Membership is confined to regulars of the United States Army, Navy, or Marine Corps, whether discharged, retired, or in the service.
Society of Veterans of Indian Wars
OF THE UNITED STATES. Commander-Brig.-Gen, Judson D. Bingham, U. S. A., retired. Historian - Brig.-Gen. Charles King, U.S. A. Assistant Recorder-Major G. A. Bingham, U.S.A., Philadelphia, Pa. This society was instituted by officers of the United States Army at Philadelphia, April 23, 1896.
The objects are “to perpetuate the faithfui services, heroism, and privations of the officers and soldiers of the Army of the United States of America, as well as of the auxiliary forces of the several States of the Union, in their successive campaigns conducted against a savage foe on our frontiers, in the interests of civilization and for the settlement and defence of our Territories, at different periods in the history of our common country since the close of the War of the Revolution; and also to collect and preserve for publication a record of these services and other historical data relating thereto, as well as to unite in a fraternal bond of union all those who are entitled to membership therein."
Order of ¥ndian wars of the United States. Commander-Brig.-Gen. B.J. D. Irwin, U.S.A., retired, Coburg, Canada, Recorder and Treasurer Brig. -Gen. George W. Baird, retired, New York. Historian-Brig. -Gen. Charles King, U.S. A.
This order was organized at Chicago, In., June 10, 1896, and received its charter from the State of Illinois. The order consists of two classes of companions: First, commissioned officers of the army, navy and marine corps, and of State and Territorial organizations, which have been, or will hereafter be engaged in field service against hostile Indians in the United States; Second, sons of liv. ing members of the first class. The object of the Associatfon is to perpetuate the history of the services rendered by the American military forces in their conflicts and wars within the territory of the United States, and to collect and secure for publication historical data relating to the instances of brave deeds and personal devoţion by which Indian warfare has been illustrated.