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Xoung Men's Christian Associations. OFFICERS OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE. -Office, No. 3 West Twenty-ninth Street, New York. Chairman, Lucien C. Warner; Treasurer, Frederick B. Schenck; General Secretary, Richard C. Morse. Board of Trustees - Treasurer, Jas. G. Cannon, New York City. The International Commit. tee is the general executive of the Associations of North America. It consists of 54 representative Christian laymen, and employs a force of 53 secretaries in the home and 66 in the foreign fields.

OFFICERS OF THE WORLD'S COMMITTEE. --Headquarters, No. 3 Général Dufour, Geneva, Switzerland, Chairman, R. Sarasin Warnery; Secretary, Louis Perrot;. Treasurer: Paul Des Gouttes; General Secretaries, Charles Fermaud and Christian Phildius. The committee is composed of members representing America, Australasia, Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Russia, Spain, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, Japan, and India.

OFFICERS OF THE STATE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN AssoCIATIONS OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, -General office, No. 215 West 23d Street, New York, Chairman, Edmund P. Platt; Treasurer, Samuel Woolverton; State Secretary, John W. Cook. This committee was incorporated under the laws of New York April 14, 1886, having for its object "the establishing and assisting Young Men's

Christian Associations, and generally to provide for the spiritual, intellectual, physical, and social well-being of young men in accordance with the aims and methods of Young Men's Christian Associations of the State of New York." The membership in the State is 54, 288, divided as follows: General, 29, 548; Railroad, 11,428; Student, 3,390; Boys' Departments, 8,625; County and Small Town, 447 A biennial meeting of the State Association, comprising the 178 Associations in the State, is held in February, the even years.

OFFICERS OF THE YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK. General office, No. 156 Fifth Avenue, New York. President, W. Fellowes Morgan; Treasurer, Samuel Sloan, Jr. ; General Secretary, Henry M. Orne.

There are 8,332 associations in the world, of which 1,868 are in North America. The total membership of these American associations is 405,789; they occupy 552 buildings of their own, valued at $30,857, 430, and have 555 libraries, containing 580,774 volumes. They have 36,293 young men as students in evening educational classes, and 153,473 in their physical departments. They employ 2,339 general secretaries and other paid officials, and expended last year for current expenses-local, State, and international-$5,319, 153. The World's Xoung Women's Christian Association.

THE Worid's Young Women's Christian Association was formed in 1894. Eleven National Associations are now affliated: Great Britain, United States, Canada, Germany, Italy, France, Norway, Sweden, India, Denmark, and Hungary. The headquarters are in London. office, 26 George Street, Hanover Square, West. The Executive Committee is composed of a resident membership ip London and two representatives from America and other countries. Mrs. George W. Campbell is Chairman, Miss Clarissa Spencer, General Secretary. The second World's Conference was held in Geneva, Switzerland, July, 1902.

The American Committee was formed in 1886. General office, 917 Hartford Building, 140 Dearborn Street, Chicago, Ill.; Eastern office, Room 60, 289 Fourth Avenue, New York City. There are now associations affiliated with the American Committee in 552 colleges and 104 cities, with 24 State organizations. Each State holds an annual convention. The national convention occurs biennially. Each year seven conferences are held to train volunteer workers

in Bible study and association work. These meet at Capitola, Cal.; Asheville, N.C.; Lake George, N. Y.; Lake Geneva, Wis. ; Waterloo, Iowa; Lakeside, Iowa, and Seaside, Oregon. Attendance in 1904, 2,836. A training institute 'is conducted to prepare young women for positions as secretaries. The Evangel, the official organ of the Association, is published monthly at Chicago. America joins with the World's Association in observing the second week in November as a week of prayer for young women. The Student Department of the American Committee is one of the members of the World's Student Christian Federation, and the Student Volunteer Movement for Foreign Missions is also connected directly with the Student Department. Mrs. J.S. Griffith is Chairman, Miss Mabel Çratty is General Secretary of the American Committee. Membership of local associations connected with the American Committee, 100,252.

American Tract Society. This Society was founded in 1825. For eighty years it has published and circulated, by sale or grant, books, tracts,

and periodicals, representing the best Christian literature approved by all Evangelical Christians, and is the almoner of their gifts to the destitute. Its total issues at home, in twenty-four languages, number 754,957,006 copies. It has helped Foreign Missions, in one hundred and thirty-seven languages, to many millions of copies; in value, $758, 713. 25. Its colporteurs have visited over 15, 676,378 families, and circulated over 16,587,938 volumes. The Society is dependent upon donations and legacies for its support. Offices, 150 Nassau Street, New York. President, Major-Gen. 0. 0. Howard; Secretaries, William W. Rand, D. D., George L. Shearer, D.D., and John H. Kerr, D. D.

American Bible Society. THE American Bible Society was founded in 1816. It is a charitable institution, whose sole object is to encourage a wider circulation of the Scriptures without note or comment. It invites the contribution and co-operation of all who accept the Bible as their rule of life and believe that every human being is entitled to know what it teaches concerning truth and duty." The officers are a president, Daniel C. Gilman, Baltimore, Md., and twenty-six vice-presidents, headed by J. L. Chamberlain, Maine. Among the others are Gen. 0. 0. Howard, Vermont; Cortlandt

Parker, New Jersey; Frank M. Cockrell, Missouri; John W. Foster, District of Columbia; T. A. Brouwer, New York; Cyrus Northrop, Minnesota; James A. Carlisle, South Carolina; Howard Van Epps, Georgia; E. E. Beard, Tennessee; William J. Northen, Georgia; William A. Robinson, Kentucky; John B. Smith, New Hampshire; 'W. P. Dillingham, Vermont;

David J. Brewer, District of Columbia; James A. Beaver, Pennsylvania; Elbert A. Brinckerhof, New Jersey, and John N. Stearns, New York. There are thirty-six managers, divided into four classes as to terms of office. The Secretaries are: Rev. John Fox, D. D., and Rev. W. I. Haven, D. D. The Treasurer is William Foulke. The issues for the year ending March 31, 1906, were 2, 236, 755 copies, and for the ninety years of the existence of the Society, 78,509,529 copies. This includes Bibles in many foreign tongues, and the languages of several American Indian tribes. (The British and Foreign Bible Society, established in 1804, has distributed to March 31, 1906, 198,515,199 copies.) The offices of the Society are at the Bible Но e, Fourt! Avenue, New York.

Xoung People's Society of Christian Endeavor. OFFICERS OF THE UNITEP SOCIETY OF CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR. --Office, Tremont Temple, Boston, Mass. President, Rev, Francis E. Clark, D.D.; Treasurer, William Shaw ; General Secre tary. Von Ogden Vogt.

Each society is in some local church, and in po sense outside. It exists simply to make the young people loyal and efficient members of the Church of Christ. It is the Church training the young. Its motto is, "For Christ and the Church.'' In November, 1906, there were 87,830 societies, with a membership of 4,069,800, chiefly in the United States and Canada, and in Australia, Great Britain, China, India, Japan, and in all missionary lands. It is found in about the same proportious in all the great evangelical denominations and in all their subdivisions.

The United Society is simply the bureau of information for all the societies. It prints the literature, supports one general secretary, and is the general headquarters of the work. li levies no taxes, however, and assumes no authority, but every society manages its own affairs in its own way. It is supported by the sales of its literature, badges, etc. It is managed by a board of trustees, representing the great evangelical denominations, the President being Francis E. Clark, D.D., the founder of the society; General Secretary, Von Ogden Vogt; Treasurer, William Shaw. The executive committee of the board of trustees meets quarterly to consult concerning the best interests of the society.

American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions.

The head othce of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions is at the Congregational House, 14 Beacon Street, Boston, Mass. There are three district offices, at the United Charities Building, Twenty-second Street and Fourth Avenue, New York City, Rev. C. c. Creegan, D.D., District Secretary; at 153 La Salle Street, Chicago, Ill., Rev. A. N. Ilitchcock, Ph. D., District Secretary, and at Y. M. C. A. Building, San Francisco, Cal., Rey. H. Melville

Tenney, District Secretary. The following is a list of the officers of the Board elected at the last annual meeting: President, Samuel B. Capen, LL.D., Boston, Mass.; Vice-President, Rev. A. J. Lyman, D. Ď. Prudential Committee, H. A. Wilder, Rev. Edward M. Noyes, Edward C. Moore, D. D., Henry H. Proctor, Boston, Mass. ; Edward Whitin, Col. Charles A. Hopkins, Boston, Mass.; Prof. Arthur L. Gillett, Frank 0. Winslow, A. H. Wellman, Rev. Albert P. Fitch, Boston, Mass. ; Rev. E. H. Byington, Beverly, Mass.; Corresponding Secretary, James L. Barton, D. D. Editorial Secretary, E E. Strong, 1). D.; Associate Secretaries, Harry Wade Hicks,

Rev. William E. Strong: Recording Secretary, Henry A. Štimson, D.D.; Assistant Recording Secretary, Edward N. Packard, D.D. ; Treasurer, Frank H. Wiggin.

The American Board, which is the oldest foreign missionary society in the United States, was organized June 29, 1810. During the past ninety-four years of its history it has sent out over 2,300 missionaries, of whom 565 are now in service. Into the 589 churches which have been organized by these missionaries there have been received from the first 186,675 members. The total receipts from the beginning have been about $36,908,721.

The mission fields now occupied by the Board are: Mexico; Micronesian Islands; Philippine Islands; Japan; North China; Shansi, in Northwestern China; Foochow and Hong Kong, in Southern China; Ceylon; Madura, in Southern India; the Marathi field of Western India; East Central Africa; Southern Africa; West Central Africa; European and Asiatic Turkey; Austria, and Spain.

United Society of Free Baptist ¥oung people.

A GENERAL society representing the local societies of young people of the Free Baptist Denomination. The officers are as follows: President, E. P. Metcalf, Providence, R. I. : Vice-President, Rer. T. J. Mawhorter, Wawaka, Ind.; Recording Secretary, Miss Agnes Collins, South Danville, N. H. : General Secretary, Harry S. Myers, Hillsdale, Mich.; General Treasurer, Rev. Arthur Given, D.D., Provi. dence, R. I. There are 500 societies, with a membership of 18,000.

Baptist ¥oung People's Union of America. THE Union represents young people's societies connected with Baptist churches in all the States and Canada. The following are the International officers: President, John H. Chapman, Chicago, Ill. ; Vice-Presidents, George Miller, Baltimore, Md,; Principal A. L. McCrimmon, M. A., Woodstock, Ont. ; George W. Truett, D. D., Dallas, Tex. ; Fild Secretary, George T. Webh, 324 Dearborn Street, Chicago, Ill. ; Recording Secretary. Rev. H. W. Reed, Ph. D. , Rock Island, Ill. ; Treasurer, H.B. Osgood, Chicago, I11., H. C. Lyman, Manager. The Union was organized July 7 and 8, 1891. It hold's annual meetings. Next meeting will be held at Spokane, Wash., July, 1907.

The Brotherhood of St. Andrew.
THE following was prepared for THE WORLD ALMANAC by the General Secretary:.

"The Brotherhood of St. Andrew is an organization of men in the Protestant Episcopal Church. Its sole object is the spread of Christ's kingdom among men, It works under two rules, known as (1) The Rule of Prayer: To pray daily for the spread of Christ's

kingdom among men, especially young men, and for God's blessing upon the labors of the Brotherhood, and (2). The Rule of Service: To make at least one earnest effort each week to lead some man nearer to Christ through His church."

There are now 1,200 active chapters, with a membership of about fourteen thousand men. The Brotherhood idea has also taken

root in Canada, and the Brotherhood of St. Andrew in the Church of England in the Dominion of Canada has been formed,, with two hundred chapters and fifteen hundred men, A similar organization has been formed in the Scottish Episcopal Church,

Forty chapters have also been

formed in Australia, and have been organized into a Brotherhood of st. Andrew in the Church of England in Australia. Jun. 12, 1896, the Brotherhood of St. Andrew in the Church of England was formed. The Brotherhood includes a Junior Department to train young men and elder boys for Christian work. It has 400 chapters in the United States, with about five thousand members.

The officers are: President, Robert H. Gardiner; Editor of St. Andrew's Cross and General Secretary, Hubert Carleton, Broad Exchange Building, Boston, Mass. ; Once Secretary, Edgar G. Criswell.

The Secretaries will furnish information and literature to any one who may be interested in the work.

The Brotherhood of Andrew and Philip. This organization, founded in 1888, held its first federal convention in the City of New York in 1893. It is composed of members of twenty-three evangelical denominations--the Reformed Church in America, the Reformed Church in the United States, the Congregational, Presbyterian (North, South, Canadian, and United), Methodist Episcopal, Methodist Protestant, Baptist, United Brethren, Lutheran, Reformed Episcopal, Church of Christ, Progressive Brethren, Friends, United Evangelical, Free Baptist, Federal, African Methodist Episcopal, and Evangelical Association. It has chapters in Australia and Japan. Its objects are embodied in the statement that “ Any man can belong to the Brotherhood who will promise to pray daily for the spread of the kingdom of Christ among men, and to make an earnest effort each week to bring at least one man within the hearing of the Gospel. The number of chapters of the Brotherhood in the United States is 875, and the membership 25,000 in 44 States. The Rev. Dr. Rufus W. Miller, the founder, 1308 Arch Street, Philadelphia, Pa., is President of the Federal Council, and Rev. J. G. Hamner, Jr., 189 Garside Street, Newark, N. J., General Secretary.

The Daughters of the King. THE Order of the Daughters of the King was organized on Easter Evening, 1885. It is desired by its promoters that a careful distinction shall be made between the Daughters of the King and The King's Daughters. This is the older society, and differs from The King's Daughters in many important particulars. In the first place, it is more of an order than a society, and is distinctively Episcopal. Its work is definite, and is for the spread of Christ's kingdom among young women," and the active support of the rector's plans in the parish in which the particular chapter may be located." Its badge is a cross of silver, a Greek cross fleury, and its mottoes are " Magnanimeter Crucem Sustine" and “For His Sake." Its colors are white and blue-white, the old royal color of Israel, and blue, the color of the Virgin Mary, the blessed daughter of Israel's King, the Mother of the King of Kings." Its constitution is framed, as far as is possible, in the terms of that of the Brotherhood of St. Andrew, the work of the two organizations being similar. The officers of the Council are: President, Mrs. E. A. Bradley; General Secretary, Miss Elizabeth L. Ryerson. Office of the Council, Church Missions House, 281 Fourth Avenue, New York.

International Order of the King's Daughters and Sons.

Headquarters, 156,5th Ave., New York City. Officers: President, Mrs. Margaret Bottome; First Vice-President, Miss Kate Bond; Second Vice-President, Mrs. Robert J. Reed; Secretary and Treasurer, Mrs. Mary Lowe Dickinson

The Order is an interdenominational, religious and philanthropic society, working locally in Circles, County and City Unions, Chapters, State and National organizations. Branches are established in thirty-one States, and in eight Canadiar provinces.

The objects of the Order are *.the development of spiritual life and the stimulation of Christian activities." Ito membership is very large and extends all over the world. The Order has established orsupported several hundred institutions of different kinds in different localities. The badge is a small silver cross, which is also the corporate seal of the society.

Luther League of America. President-William C. Stoever, Philadelphia, Pa. General Secretary-Luther M. Kuhns, Omaha, Neb. Corresponding Secretary-Christopher C. Grauer, Buffalo, N. Y.

The first National Convention of the Luther League of America was held at Pittsburgh, Pa., October 30 and 31, 1895. The League is a Lutheran organization, linking together the Lutheran young people who are laboring for the good of the Church by means of many individual societies of various names and styles of organization, each within its own immediate church. The constitution declares that its objects shall be "to encourage the formation of the young people's societies in all Lutheran congregations in America, to urge their affiliation with their respective State or Territorial leagues, and with this league to stimulate the various young people's societies to greater Christian activity and to foster the spirit of loyalty to the Church.'' The aggregate enrolled membership of the various local organizations represented in the national organization is over 70,000. These are comprised in twenty States, fourteen of which already have permanent State organizations. The

first local organization adopting the title of “The Luther League' was organized by delegates of six Lutheran Church societies in the City of New York, April 19, 1888.

The Epworth League. OFFICERS OF THE EPWORTH LEAGUE OF THE METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH. -PresidentBishop Joseph F. Berry, Buffalo, N. Y. General Secretary-Edwin M. Randall, D.D.: 57 Washington Street, Chicago, Ill. Treasurer-R. S. Copeland, M. D., Ann Arbor, Mich. The Central Office of the Epworth League is located at 57 Washington Street, Chicago, Ill.

The Epworth League was organized at Cleveland, Ohio, May, 1889, by the union of five societies then existing in the Methodist Episcopal Church. These several societies held under their jurisdiction 1,500 local societies, with a membership of about 6,000. It spread rapidly throughout the denomination until it is now organized in nearly every church, and has become the largest denominational society of young people in the world. Its official organ, The Epworth Herald, has a circulation of 140,000.

OFFICERS OF THE EPWORTH LEAGUE OF THE METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH, SOUTH. President-Bishop W. A. Candler, D.D. LL, D. General Secretary-Rev. H. M. Du Bose, D. D. Assistant Secretary and Treasurer-Rev F. S. Parker, D.D., Nashville, Tenn. The general organ of the League is the Epworth Era, published weekly by the book agents of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, Nashville, Tenn., and Dallas, Texas; H. M. Du Bose, Editor; F. S. Parker, Assistant Editor. The League in the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, was provided for by the General Conference of 1890, and in January of the following year its organization was effected. It came under the supervision of the Sunday School Board. The General Conference of 1894 created it a separate connectional board and elected a General Secretary. It has now 3,569 chapters, with a total membership of 123,325.

Christian Science. THE Christian Science Publication Committee, for the State of New York, contributes the following statement:

in June, 1906, the $2,000,000 extension of the Mother Church, the First Church of Christ Scientist, in Boston, was dedicated. The clerk reported an increase of 6,181 members for the previous year. The total membership, resident and non-resident, was given at 40,011. In the Christian Science Journal Directory for 1906, 949 churches and societies of this denomination were listed. The estimated membership of these branch churches is approximately 40,000. There are many institutes for teaching Christian Science, and upward of 4,000 practitioners of Christian Science mind-healing. Organizations can now be found in almost every city in the United States, and there are branches in Canada, Nova Scotia, British Columbia, Mexico, the Bahamas, British West Indies, the Hawaiian Islands, Cuba, Philippine Islands, Sandwich Islands, British Isles, France, Germany, Norway, Switzerland, Italy, Australia, New South Wales, India, China, South Africa, and many other countries.

Magnificent new church buildings have recently been completed and dedicated in New York City, Denver, Col., and Concord, N. H.

All Christian Science churches, other than the Mother Church in Boston, are branches of that church. In all of these the Sunday services are uniform, and consist of correlative passages read from the Bible and the Christian Science text-book, "Science and Health, with Key to the Scriptures,'' by Mary Baker G. Eddy. The selections comprising the lesson sermon are compiled by a central committee, and are published by the Christian Science Publishing Society in Boston, in a pamphlet known as “The Christian Science Quarterly." The church services are conducted by two readers, generally a man and a woman. On Wednesday evening a meeting is held in every church of this denomination. Testimonies of healing and remarks on Christian Science are given by the inembers of the congregation at these meetings.

Mrs. Eddy says in her book," Retrospection and Introspection:" "I claim for healing scientifically the following advantages: 1. It does away with all material medicines and recognizes the antidote for all sickness, as well as sin, in tbe immortal mind; and mortal mind is the source of all the ills which befall mortals. 2. It is more effectual than drugs, and cures when they fail,

or only relieve, thus proving the superiority of metaphysics over physics. 3. A person healed by Christian Science is not only healed of his disease,

but he is advanced morally and spiritually. The mortal body being

but the objective state of the mortal mind, this mind must be renovated to improve the body?! The absence of creed and dogma in the Christian Science Church, its freedom from materialism, mysticism, and superstition, also the simplicity, ụniformity, and impersonality of its form of worship and organization, are among the distinguishing features which characterize this modern religious movement. Hypnotism, mesmerism, spiritualism, theosophy, faith-cure, and kindred systems are foreign to true Christian Science.' Those practising these beliefs are denied admission to the Christian Science Church.

The Universal Brotherhood. This is an organization claiming that the Theosophical Society in America merged itself into the “Universal Brotherhood” by adopting its constitution on February 18, 1898.

The Universal Brotherhood, or the Brotherhood of Humanity, declares that brotherhood is a fact in nature. The principal purpose of the organization is to teach brotherhood, demonstrate that it is a fact in nature, and make it a living power in the life of humanity, establishing brotherhood schools throughout the world, and creating a new literature. Its subsidiary purpose is to study ancient and modern religion, science, philosophy, and art, to investigate the laws of nature and the latent divine powers in man, It declares in its constitution that every member has a right to believe or disbelieve in any religious system or philosophy, each being required to show that tolerance for the opinions of others which he expects for his own. The head of this organization is Katherine Tingley, and the secretary-general is Frank M, Pierce. The beadquarters are at Point Loma, San Diego, Cal.

The Psychic ¥nvestigation League. THE aim and purposes are "to scientifically investigate all psychic phenomena, to procure demonstrations under test conditions, and to formulate some hypothesis to account for said psychic phenomena. Meetings are held twice monthly. Applicants for membership may be of either sex, over 20 years of age of

good standing, and professing some interest in the work. President, H. Spencer Lewis, D. P.; Vice-President, Mrs. F. J. Luneschloss; Treasurer, R. Origoni; Secretary, J. J. Burke, 787 Cauldwell Ave., Bronx, New York. The League is in its third year. The National Spiritualists' Association

OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. PRESIDENT BARRETT makes the following statement regarding this Association:

Organized September 28, 1893; incorporated November 1, 1893, at Washington, D.C., Objects: The objects of said Association shall be the organization of the various Spiritualist Societies of the United States into one general association for the purpose of mutual aid and co-operation in benevolent, charitable, educational, literary, musical, scientific, religious, and missionary purposes and enterprises germane to the phenomena, science, philosophy, and religion of spiritualism.

Number of societies in the United States and Canada, 1760; State Associations in the United States, 23; Camp Meeting Associations, 42; Colleges, 1; Churches and Temples, 120; Membership, 300,000; number of Ministers, 370; number of Public Mediums, 1,500; Private Mediums, 10,000; Investigators of Psychic Science, 1,500,000; total valuation of church, temple, and camp meeting property, $2,000,000

Officers for year ending October 20, 1907: Harrison D. Barrett, Canaan, Maine, President; Dr. Géorge B, Warne, Chicago, Ill., Vice-President; Mary T. Longley, Washington, D. c., Secretary: Theodore J. Mayer, Washington, D. C., Treasurer. Iltyd C. 1. Evans,

Washington, D.'c. : Cassius L. Stevens, Pittsburgh, Pa. ; Thomas Grimshaw, St. Louis, Mo.; Mrs. Carrie E. S. Twing, Westfield, N. Y., Arthur S. Howe, Los Angeles, Cal., Trustees.

Headquarters of National Spiritualists' Association, 600 Pennsylvania Ave., Washington, D. O. The Fifteenth Annual Convention of the National Spiritualists' Association will be held in Los Arigeles, Cal., October 16-20, 1907.

The Salvation Army. THE following statement is contributed to THE WORLD ALMANAC by direction of the Commander:

The Salvatiou Army is a religious body organized on military principles, with a view of reaching the non-churchgoers of the world. It was first started in July, 1885, in the East End of London as a Christian mission. Thirteen years later, on Christmas, 1878, it received the name of the Salvation Army. Since then its growth throughout the world has been increasing.

The father and founder, Gen. William Booth, was born in Nottingham, England, on April 10, 1829 In 1852 he entered the ministry of the Methodist Church, and became a powerful evangelist, attracting immense crowds and witnessing thousands of conversions. Finding. however, that the c!

bless masses ould not be reached by ordinary methods, he resigned his pastorate and established the Army.

As a temperance movement it is stated that the Salvation Army has been the means of converting hundreds of thousands of confirmed drunkards. Total abstinence is a condition of membership. The International headquarters are at 101 Victoria Street, London, England. Its world-wide operalions are carried on in ol countries and colonies. embracing 7,316 posts, under the charge of 20,054 officers and employés, with 45,339 local officers, 17,099 brass bandsmen, and about 50,000 misicians. 63 periodicals are published in 24 languages, with a weekly circulation of abort 1,207,223. , There are 668 Social Relief Institutions in the world, under the charge of nearly 3,000 oliicers and employés. About 7,000 fallen women annually pass through the 116 rescue homes, and from 80 to 90 per cent, of these are permanently restored to lives of virtue. There are 132 slum settlements in the slum districts of great cities, the worst dives, saloons, and tenements being regnlarly visited. The number of annual conversions in connection with the spiritual work has averaged from 200,000 to 250,000 during the past ten years, making a total of over 2,000,000, of whom not less 'han 200,000 were converted from lives of drunkenness.

The headquarters of the Salvation Army in America are at 120 West Fourteenth Street, New York City, where information may be obtained.

The Volunteers of America. The following statement of the purposes of the position and this organization has been prepared for THE WORLD ALMANAC in the office of Gen. Ballington Booth:

This organization is a philanthropic, social, and religious movement. It was inaugurated in March, 1896, and incorporated November 6, 1896, by Gen. and Mrs. Ballington Booth, in response to a number of requests on the part of American citizens. It is organized in military style, having as its model the United States Army, but in conjunction with military discipline and methods of work it possesses a thoroughly democratic form of government, having a constitution and its by-law's being framed by a Grand Field Council that meets annually and is thoroughly representative. Though only ten years old the Volunteers have representatives and branches of their benevolent work in almost all the principal cities of the United States. Its field is divided into regiments or sections, which come under the control and oversight of thirty principal staff officers, its chief centres being New York, Philadelphia, Boston, Pittsburgh, Denver, Chicago, and San Francisco. It has philanthropic institutions in Chicago, Joliet, Austin, Fort Dodge, Kansas City. Pueblo, Worcester, Boston, Lynn, Malden, Toledo, Erie, Pittsburgh, Butfalo, Newcastle, Philadelphia, Newark, Flushing, New York City, and other centres.

In addition to the Volunteer reading rooms, thousands of copies of Christian literature are circulated in State prisons, jails, hospitals, soldiers' homes, and children's homes. In connection with the Volunteers, there are also sewing classes; hospital nurses; temporary financial relief depirtments; boys' fresh-air camps; Thanksgiving and Christmas dinners, and many other worthy undertakings.

Kuter-Church Federation. FIVE hundred officially appointed delegates of thirty denominations at Carnegie Hall, New York City, met in November, 1905, and adopted the following Plan of Federation:

I. For the prosecution of work which can be better done in union than separately, a council.is hereby established, to be known as the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America.

"II, The following Christian bodies shall be entitled to representation in this Federal Council on their approval of the purpose and plan of the organization: Baptist Churches, North; Baptist Churches, South; Free Baptist Churches, Negro Baptist Churches, Christian Connection, congregational Churches, Disciples of Christ, Evangelical Association, Evangelical Synod, Friends, Evangelical Lutheran Church, General Synod; Methodist Episcopal Church, Methodist Épiscopal Church, South; Primitive Methodist Church, Colored Methodist Episcopal Church of America, Methodist Protestant Church, African Methodist Episcopal Church, African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, Mennonite Church, Moravian Church,

Presbyterian Church in the U. S. A., Cumberland Presbyterian Church, Welsh Preshyterian Church, Reformed Presbyterian Church, United Presbyterian Church, Protestant Episcopal Church, Reformed Church in America, Reformed Church in the U. S. A., Reformed Episcopal Church, Seventh Day Baptist Churches, United Brethren in Christ, United Evangelical Church.

**III. The object of this Federal Council shall be: (1) To express the fellowship and catholic unity of the Christian Church. (2) To bring the Christian bodies of America into united service for Christ and the world. (3) To encourage devotional fellowship and mutual counsel concerning the spiritual life and religious activities of the Churches. (4) To secure a larger combined influence for the Churches of Christ in all matters affecting the moral and social condition of the people, so as to promote the application of the law of Christ in every relation of human life. (5) To assist in the organ. ization of local branches of the Federal Council to promote its aims in their communities.

"IV. This Federal Council shall have no authority over the constituent bodies adhering to it; but its province shall be limited to the expression of its counsel and the recommending of a course of action in matters of common interest to the churches, local councils and individual Christians. It has

o authority to draw up a common creed, or form of government or of worship, or in any way to limit the full autonomy of the Christian bodies adhering to it."

Each Christian body adhering to this council may appoint four members, and one for each addi. tional 50,00Q communicants. The first meeting shall take place in December, 1908, and subsequent meetings shall occur every four years, other denominations may be admitted by a two-third vote. At this conference admission to Unitarians and Universalists was refused by an overwhelming majority.

The officers of the National Federation of Churches and Christian Workers are the President, J. Cleveland Cady; General Secretary, E. B. Sanford, D.D. Ottice, 90 Bible House, New York.

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