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THE 300 WORDS SELECTED FOR CHANGE-Continued. OLD FORM. NEW FORM. OLD FORM. NEW FORM. OLD FORM, NEW FORM. Theatre Theater Transgressed Transgrest



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Wrapped Wrapt PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT'S ORDER TO THE PUBLIC PRINTER. President Roosevelt on August 27,1906, addressed a letter to the Public Printer, Charles A. Stillings, Washington, D.C., directing that the Government Departments adopt the system of spelling recommended by the Simplified Spelling Board in the preparation of all copy for publications to be printed at the Government Printing Office. The following was the letter:

"My Dear Mr. Stillings-I inclose herewith copies of certain circulars of the Simplified Spelling Board, which can be obtained free from the board at No. 1 Madison Avenue, New York City. Please hereafter direct that in all government publications of the executive departments the three hundred words enumerated in Circular, No. 5 shall be spelled as therein set forth. If any one asks the reason for the action refer him to Circulars 3, 4, and 6, as is nied by the Simplified Spelling Board,

"Most of the criticism of the proposed step is evidenily made in entire ignorance of what the step is, no less than in entire ignorance of the very moderate and common-sense views as to the purpo es to be achieved, which views are so excellently set forth in the circulars to which I have referred. There is not the slightest intention to do anything, revolutionary or initiate any far reaching policy. The purpose simply is for the Government iustead of lagging behind popular sentiment to advance abreast of it, and at the same time abreast of the views of the ablest and most practical educators of our me, as well as of the most profound scholars-men of the stamp of Professor Lounsbury and Professor Skeat.

". If the slight changes in the spelling of the three hundred words proposed wholly or partially meet popular approval, then the changes will become permanent without any reference to what public officials or individual private citizens may feel; if they do not ultimately meet with popular approval they will be dropped, and that is all there is about it. They represent nothing in the world but a very slight extension of the unconscious movement which has made agricultural implement makers and farmers write plow " instead of “plough" which has made most Americans write "honor'' without the somewhat absurd, superfluous “u,” and which is even now making people writes

program” without the "me," just as all people who speak English now write 'bat," "set," • sum," and "fish, instead of the Elizabethan "batte,"

"sette, "dimme, summe, and "fysshe''; which makes us write "public,' almanac, era, "fantasy,

and wagon, instead of the publick," "almanack,' "aera,'' phantasy, and “waggon," of our great-grandfathers.

It is not an attack on the language of Shakespeare and Milton, because it is in some instances a going back to the forms they used, and in others merely the extension of changes which, as regards other words, have taken place since their time. It is not an attempt to do anything far reaching or sudden or violent, or indeed anything very great at all. It is merely an attempt to cast what slight weight can properly be cast on the side of the popular forces whtch are endeavoring to make our spelling a little less foolish and fantastic. Sincerely yours,

"THEODORE ROOSEVELT." The board invites and will welcome the co-operation of any individual or of any organization who may wish to aid in the work. Address the Simplified Spelling Board, 1 Madison Avenue, New York,

Bryant's Endex Expurgatorius. WHEN William Culleu Bryant was editor of the New York "Evening Post,” the following list of words, which writers and reporters on the paper were forbidden to use, was posted in the editorial room.' Mr. Parke Godwin, in a letter to the editor of THE WORLD ALMANAC, several years ago, said: "Nr. Bryani's Index grew up gradually out of the bad habits of reporters, who in their haste were apt to make use of words and phrases that were offensive to a nicer taste. He did not exclude forms of expression that were incorrect or improper only, but others that had become almost nauseating as commonplaces or as slang. He did not like to see the vulgarisms of the street iutroduced into the newspaper, lest they might make their way into literature." Aspirant Humbug

Minister(for preacher??) Roughs

Obituary (for death", Rowdies **Being”' done, built, &c. Ik


States (for “says'') Bogus Illy

Pants (for “panta- Taboo Bagging (for “captur- Inaugurated (for “be- loons'')

Talented ing'')


Parties (for “persons'') Tapis Balance (for remain- Indorse (for approve'') Poetess

To progress der'')

Initiated (for "begun'') Portion (for part''). Transpire (for' occur'') Collided In our midst

Posted (ior informed'') The deceased Commenced (for “be- Jeopardize


Vicinity (for “neighborgun'') Jubilant (for "rejoic- Progressing

hood)) Considerable


Quite (prefixer to Wall Street slang genCouple (for "two") Juvenile (for boy'') "good, "large,'&c.) erall v ("bulls.' Début Lady (for " wife') Realized (for "ob


""long, Donate and Donation Lengthy


"short,'' etc.) Employé Loafer

Reliable (for “trust- Would seem (for "is" “Esg. Loan or loaned (for worthy'')

appears'') Funeral obsequies (for lend" or "lent') Repudiate (for "reject" "obsequies") Located

or "disown'') Gents (for 'gentlemen'') Measurably (fox "in a Retire (for "withdraw!!) “Kon.'

Rðle (for “ part'')




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Organizations for the Promotion of Education.

CHAUTAUQUA INSTITUTION. Chancellor-John H. Vincent. President of Thrustees-W. H. Hickman, Principal of InstructionGeorge E. Vincent. Secretary-Ira M. Miller. Treasurer--Warren F. Walworth. Chairman Erecutive Board-J. C. Neville. General Director-Scott Brown. Located at Chautauqua, N. Y.

The Chautauqua Assembly, now Chautauqua Institution, was organized in 1874 as a result of the joint plan of Lewis Miller and John H. Vincent. It holds annual sessions during July and August at Chautauqua, N. Y. The plan includes Summer school courses of instruction in language, literature, science, and art, open lectures, concerts, and recitals, and various forms of platform entertainment and out-of-door recreation. Local assemblies patterned after the mother Chautauqua convene in different places throughout the United States and number 194.

The Chautauqua Literary and Scientific Circle (Rate F. Kimball, Chantauqua, N. Y., Executive Secretary) was organized at Chautauqua in 1878, with the aim of continuing the influence of the Assembly throughout the year in all parts of the country. Since that time more than two hundred and sixty thousand members have been enrolled. The Circle aims to promote the habit of reading and study in history, literature, science, and art, in connection with the routine of daily life. Each year fonr books are specially published for the course, The Chautauquan Magazine (Frank Chapin Bray, Editor) and the membership book with review outlines. The essentials of the plan are: A definite course covering four years, each year complete in itself; specified volumes approved by the counsellors, allotment of time by the week and month, a monthly magazine with additional readings and notes, review outlines, and other aids. Individual readers may pursue the course alone, or local circles may be formed by three or four members. The time required is about one hour daily for nine months. Certificates are granted to those who complete the course. Seals are aflixed to the certificates granted for collateral and advanced reading. Any one may become a member of the C. L. S. C. by sending an application, together with $5 for the unit (four books, membership book, and magazine for oue year), to Chautauqua Institution, Chautauqua, , Y.

THE PEABODY EDUCATION FUND. In 1867 and 1869 George Peabody established a fund of $3,500,000, to be devoted to education in the Southern States of the Union. of this amount $1,380,000 being in Mississippi and Florida bonds was not available, those of Mississippi, having been repudiated and those of Florida issued while it was a Territory, never having been recognized as legal by its authorities. The fund was placed in the charge and control of fifteen trustees, of whom Mr. Robert C. Winthrop, of Massachusetts, was the chairman. Mr. Peabody died in London in 1869. The trustees hold meetings annually, usually in New York. They fill vacancies caused by death or resignation. The present trustees are: Chief Justice Fuller, President of the Board; Joseph H. Choate, First Vice-President; D, C. Gilman, Second Vice-President; Dr. Samuel A. Green, General Agent; J. Pierpont Morgan, M. K. Jesup, of New York; President Theodore Roosevelt, of New York; Samuel A. Green, Richard Olney, and Right Rev. William Lawrence, of Massachusetts; ex-Mayor William A. Courtenay, of South Carolina; James D. Porter, of Tennessee ; Henderson M. Somerville, of New York; George Peabody Wetmore, of Rhode Island; Charles E. Fenner, of Louisiana; Hoke Smith, of Georgia, and Right Rev. William C. Doane. Dr. Green is General Agent of the fund, with headquarters at 1154 Boylston Street, Boston, Mass., and has charge of the distribution of the fund in the several Southern States. In its earlier history the chief aim of the fund was to encourage and secure the establishment of public school systems for the free education of all children. That having been accomplished, the income of the fund is now used for the training of teachers through Normal Schools and Teachers' Institutes. In the year ending October 1, 1905, the amount distributed was $92,000. Power was conferred by the deed of trust on the trustees to distribute the fund at the expiration of thirty years, which period ended in 1897. In January, 1905, the trustees decided, by a vote of 11 to 2, to dissolve the trust. It was expected to take two years to wind it up. The corporation will then cease to st.

THE JOHN F. SLATER FUND. In 1882 Mr. John F. Slater, of Connecticut, placed in the hands of trustees the sum of $1,000,000, for the purpose of “ uplifting the lately emancipated population of the Southern States and their posterity." For this patriotic and munificent gift the thanks of Congress were voted, and a medal was presented. Neither principal nor income is expended for land or buildings. Education in industries and the preparation of teachers are promoted in institutions believed to be on a permanent basis. The board consists of D. C. Gilman, of Johns Hopkins University, as President; Chief Justice Fuller, as Vice-President; Morris K. Jesup, as Treasurer, and Bishops Potter and Galloway, and Messrs. William A. Slater, John A. Stewart, Alexander E. Orr, Cleveland H. Dodge, Bishop Ellison Capers and Seth Low. Dr. Wallace Buttrick, 54 William Street, New York, is the General Agent of the fund. The fund is a potential agency in working out the problem of the education of the negro, and over half a million of dollars has already been expended. By the extraordinary fidelity and financial ability of the treasurer, the fund, while keeping up annual appropriations, has increased to $1,500,000. Schools established by States, denominations, and individuals are helped by annual donations. Among the most prominent are the Hampton Normal and Industrial, the Spelman, the Tuskegee, and schools at Orangeburg, S. C.; Tougaloo, Miss.; Marshall, Tex.; Raleigh, N.C. ; New Orleans, etc.

THE SOUTHERN EDUCATION.BOARD, The Southern Education Board of the Conference for Education in the South-the outcome of the Capon Springs and Winston-Salem Conferences-has been organized with these officers and members: Chairmrin, Robert C. Ogden, New York; Treasurer, George Foster Peabody, New York; Secretary and Executive Secretary. Edgar Gardner Murphy, Montgomery, Ala. ; Campaign Committee, Charles D. McIver, Chairman; Edwin A. Alderman, H. B. Frissell, W. B. Hill, Edgar Gardner Murphy. The object of this organization is to awaken and inform public opinion and secure additional legisla. tion and revenues for the betterment of the public schools," the supreme public need of our time."

THE GENERAL EDUCATION BOARD. The General Education Board was organized

in New York February 27, 1902, and incorporated by act of Congress, signed January 12, 1903. The following are members of the Board: Robert C. Ogden, Chairman; Geor e Foster Peabody, Treasurer: Wallace Buttrick and Starr J. Murphy, Secretaries; and Executive Officers, Frederick T. Gates, Daniel C. Gilman, Morris K. Jesup, Walter H. Page, J. D. Rockefeller. Jr., Albert Staw, Hugh H, Hanna, E. Benjamin Andrews, Harry P. Judson, E. A. Alderman, and H. B. Frisse!l. The purposes of the Board are to promote education in the United States, without distinction of race, sex, or creed, and especially to promote, systema tize, and make effective various forms of educational beneficence.


623,707 28,469 415,622 16,495 811.919 27,860 407,977 16,823 290,743 14,004 280,508 13,320 375,563 29.619 470,666 17,385 67,883 5,714 75,289 5,150 185,172 9 680 264,034| 12,036

157 980 8,173 77

10,149 118 3,142 21,438 21 582 2,038 1897-98.

155 958 8,371 83 815 11,615 122 3,423 21,002 21 629 1,786 1898-99. 163 996 8,261 96 966 11,874 122 3,562 21,401 21 636

1,802 1899-1900.... 154 994 8,009 96 1,004 12,516 121

22,752 22 735 1.909 1900-1901.. 150 988 7,567 100 1,106 13,642 123 3,876 24,199 21 639 1,812 1901-1902. 148 1,034 7,343 102 1,155 13,912 123 4,084 24,447 20 649 1,551 1902-1903... 153 1,051 7 372 99 1,158 14,057 118 4,025 24,847 19 666 1,462 1903-1904. 153 1,055 7,392 95 1,167 14,302 122

24,694 19 666 1,283 1904-1905.... 156 1,094 7,411 96 1,190 14,714 120 4,532 24,012 18


1,129 Dental Schools.

Schools of Pharmacy. Nurse Training Schools. Veterinary Schools. 1896-97. 48 826 6,460 43 362 3,426 299

7,263 12 153 364 1897-98. 50 961 6,774 45 401 3,538 377

8,805 14 173 326 1898-99. 50 948 7,354 51

3,551 393
10,018 13

316 1899-1900.... 54 1,118 7,928 53 493 4,042 432


13 124 362 1900-1901. 57 1 184 8,308 58

4.429 443

11,599 12 189 461 1901-1902..... 56 1,197 8,420 59 5.90 4,427

13,252 11 174 576 1902-1903.... 54 1,164 8,998 61 5.95 4,411

13,779 11 168 671 1903-1904.. 54 1.191 7,325 63 611 4,457 724

17.713 11 165 795 1904-1905... 54 1,161 7,149 67 629 4,914 862

19,824 12 217 1,269 * There were also 11 Eclectic schools and Physiomedical Schools, with 333 instructors and 966 students in 1903-1904.

School and College Enrolment in 1904-1905.



NUMBER OF PUPILS. Public. Private. Total.


Public. Private. Total. Schools for feeble-minded...

15,530 7101 16,240 15,772,311 1,166,939 16,939,250 Government Indian schools... 30,106

30,106 Indian schools (five civilized 695,989 180,061 876,050 tribes)....


12,432 292,319 292,319 Schools in Alaska


6,283 46,824 91,720 138,541 Orphan asylums and otirer 10,671 50,751 61,22 benevolent institutions..

15,000 15,000 54,521 10.779 05,300 Private kindergartens..

105,932 105,932 146,086 146,086 Miscellaneous (art, music,etc.)

50,000 50,000 36,580

36,590 11,414


11,952 Total for United States...... 16,989,321 1,818,516 18,807,837 4,441


Statistics of Education. UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES OF LIBERAL ARTS IN THE UNITED STATES. (Prepared for THE WORLD ALMANAC by the Statistician of the United States Bureau of Education.)



Division. Montana

2,000 15,000 49,610 66,860 16,000 50,000 200,000 500,000 250 Wyoming 700 4,408 54,370 59,478 18,523 110,642 220,000 25,515

400 Colorado

104,000 28,000 130,000 262,000 77,000 153 000 1,710,000 715,000 15,000 New Mexico


18,000 18,500 5,000 5,000 75,000 Arizona..

50,198 54,951 10,000

42.478 172,549 Utah

21,218 6,795 99,000 175,120 28,000 105,261 527,675 160,000 960 Nevada


6,032 89,675 98,205 7,852 52,185 210,059 146,893 1,500 Idaho

92,428 93,295 5,149 47,820 232,750 212,871 445 Washington 81,700 19,615 300,000 475,349 46,750 142,550 1,383,485 268,153 32,985 Oregon 31,441 25,024 47,500 112,060 45,550 37,000

593,000 486,000 17,355 California... 269,038 977,183 525,103 1,834,287 322,372 568,137 9,086 108 35,019,735 469,604 N. Atlantic Div. $4,909,852 $4,069,308 1,037,106 11,074,735 4,626,145 $8,416,369 $77,284,323 $99,861,252 $8,501,581 S. Atlantic Div. 869.538 578,512 987,225 2,622,947 1,097,589 1,315,844 21,307,325 12,375,969 1,688,451 S. Central Div 886.240 577.055 569,068 2,333,557 579 155 1,362, 123 13,027,741 11,139,353 631,003 N. Central Div. 3,738.678 2,311.687 4,433,317 11,469 169 3,326,699 7,475 490 58,250,312 47,264,725 3,605,870 Western Diy.... 515,670 1,082,057 1,495,884 3,250.105 582,196 1,314,073 14,410,626 37,534,167 538,499

United States.'10,919,378 $8,618,649 $8,522,6001 30,750,523 10,211784 $19,884,199 184,280,327 208,375,966 14,965,404 Statistics of Education. UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES OF LIBERAL ARTS IN THE UNITED STATES. (Prepared for THE WORLD ALMANAC by the Statistician of the United States Bureau of Education.)

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