Зображення сторінки
PDF
ePub

Mortality Statistics. TAE Census Office published in 1906 a report of Mortality Statistics of States and cities which have laws or ordinances requiring the registration of deaths. It covered the years 1900 to 1904, inclusive, and in 1904 represented a population of 32, 996.989. The total number of deaths reported was 551,354, the rate per 1,000 of the population being 16.7. But ten States and the District of Columbia with certain cities were included in the Registration Area. The Census enumeration of 1900, which follows, covered the whole United States so far as returns could be obtained.

DEATHS IN THE UNITED STATES IN CENSUS YEAR 1900.

(Compiled from the Report of the Census Office.)

[graphic]

STATES AND TERRITORIES.
Total, Male. Female.

White, White, White, Colored,

Total. Native. Foreign. Total. The United States...... 1,039,094 551,611 487, 483 892,092 694,736 175, 252 147,002 Registration record

512,669 272,819 239,850 475, 640 337, 288 126,465 37,029 Registration States.

301,670 157,745 143, 925 292, 618 210,918 78,077 9,052 Cities in registration States... 191,667 100, 041 91,626 184,408 124, 490 58, 096 7, 259 Rural part of registration States. 110,003 57, 704 52,299 108, 210 86,428 19,981 1,793 Registration cities in other States 210,999 115,074 95,925 183,022 126,370 48,388 27,977 Non-registration

526, 425 278, 792 247,633 416,452 357,448 48,787 109,973 Alabama 25, 699 12,970 12,729 12,937 12,308 341

12,762 Arizona

1, 223 750 473 947 681 219 276 Arkansas. 22,518 11,813 10,705 16, 372 15,804 280

6,146 California

22,506 13,998 8,508 21, 081 13, 687 6,874 1, 425 Colorado

7,428 4,471
2,957 7,210 4,856 1,233

218 Connecticut.

15, 422 7,902

7,520 15,048 10.800 3,941 374 Delaware

3, 075 1,644 1,431 2,490 2,134 236585 District of Columbia

6,364 3, 274 3,090 3,660 2,989 616 Florida.

2,704 6, 482 3,520 2, 962

3, 408 2,943 381 3, 074 Georgia

26,941 13,321 13,620 13,094 12, 637 257 13,847 Idaho.

1, 242 762 480 1,075 850 189 167 Illinois

61, 229 33,641 27,588 59,618 42,545 16,052 1,611 Indiana

33,586 17, 454 16,132 32,312 28,307 3,247 1, 274 Indian Territory 5, 286 2,795 2,491 3,936 3,863

37 Iowa....

1,350 19,573 10,612 8,961 19,362 14,089 4,240 211 Kansas

16, 261 8,978 7,283 15, 209 11,691 1,720 1,052 Kentucky

27,091 13,843 13,248 22,035 19, 047 1, 221 5, 056 Louisiana

20,955

10,971 9.984 10, 250 8,465 1,670 10,705 Maine 12,148 6,292 5,856 12,112 10,497 1,487

36 Maryland

20, 422 10,526 9,896 15,341 12, 177 2,391 5,081 Massachusetts

49,756 25,352 24,404 49,061 34,952 13,645 695 Michigan

33.572 18, 084 15,488 33, 205 24,068 8,752 367 Minnesota

17,005 9.354 7,651 16.816 10,318 6,285 189 Mississippi 20, 251 10,299 9,952 7, 444 7,120

150 12,807 Missouri

38,084 20,480 17, 604 34,959 29,383 4,771 3,125 Montana 2.188 1,387 801 1,930

1,069

534 258 Nebraska

8, 264 4,480
3,784 8,015

6,042 1,737 249 Nevada.

438 290 148 349

201
137

89 New Hampshire. 7.400 3, 663 3,737 7,388 5,848 1,077

12 New Jersey

32,735 17, 462 15, 273 31,069 22,829 New Mexico

7,915 1,666 2,674 1,455 1,219 2,398 2, 228 116 New York

276 130, 268 68,648 61,620 127, 332 88,479 37,505 2,936 North Carolina 21,068 10,427 10,641 13,217 12,805

63 North Dakota

7,851 2,287 1, 159 1,128 2.046 1,291 715 241 Ohio

53,362 28,648 24,714 51,481 40,219 9,356 1,881 Oklahoma 3,181 1,741 1,440 2, 704 2,563 113

477 Oregon

3.396 2.019 1,377 3,176 2,412 632 220 Pennsylvania

90, 199 49, 150 41,049 86,653 67.229 16,354 Rhode Island

3,546 8,176 4,132 4,044 7,939 5,571 2, 295 237 South Carolina

17,166 8,461 8,705 5,808 5, 605 144 11, 358 South Dakota

3,088 1, 654 1.434 2, 448 1,672 751 640 Tennessee

30,572 15,354 15.218 21,029 20, 257 511 Texas...

9,543 34,160 18, 045 16, 115 26,216 23,526 2,136 7,944 Utah....

3,079 1,821 1,258 2,972

1,934

983 107 Vermont 5,829 2,936 2,893 5,804 4,885 844

25 Virginia

25, 252 13,112 12, 140 14,070 13, 472 439 11,182 Washington

4,910 3,148 1,762 4,594 3,085 1,211 316 West Virginia 9,588 5,046 4,542 9, 074 8,651

338 514 Wisconsin

24,928 13,815 11, 113

24,747 15, 298 8,974 181 Wyoming

767 452 315 651 474 137 116 The Census year ended May 31, 1900.

In the summaries of the results the data are classed as “registration” and “non-registration,' according to the source from which the original returns were obtained. The non-registration class includes the areas in which the deaths were reported by the enumerators, and those areas in which registration was too defective to be accepted.

The average age at death in 1890 was 31.1 years ; in 1900 it was 35.2 years.

MORTALITY STATISTICS-Continued. The cities with a population above 100,000 showed the following death rates for 1900 and 1890: 1900. 1890. 1900. 1890. 1900. 1890.

1900, 1890. Washington.. .22.8 23.7 Rochester, N.Y....15.0 17.3 Louisville......

.20.0 20.1
Cleveland.

17.1 20.2 Boston

.20.1
28.4 Syracuse, N.Y.....13.8 19.6 New Orleans .28.9

26.3 Columbus..... .16.8 14.7 Fall River.. 22.4 23.2 Providence........19.9 21.1 Baltimore

21.0 22.9 Toledo..

16.0 18.9 Worcester, Mass... 15.5 18.0 Los Angeles, Cal..18.1 20.0 Minneapolis .10.8 13.5 | Allegheny, Pa

18.4 18.2 Detroit ..17.1 18.7 San Francisco.. ..20.5 22.5 St. Paul..

9.7 14.9 Philadelphia 21.2 21.3 Jersey City ..20.7 25.6 Denver..

18.6 23.0 Kansas City.. .17.4 17.3 Pittsburgh 20.0 20.1 N.J......19.8 27.4 Chicago.

16.2
19.1 St. Joseph.

9.1

Scranton, Pa.. 20.7 21.8 Paterson, N. J.....19.0 22.2 New York

20.4 *25.3 St. Louis.

.17.9

17.4 Memphis.... 25.1 25.3 Buffalo, N.Y. .....14.8 18.4) Indianapolis.......16.7 17.3) Cincinnati

.19.1

21.0 Milwaukee .......15.9 18.8 * Estimated.

St. Joseph, Mo., with a death rate of 9.1 per 1,000, showed the lowest mortality, and Shreveport, La., with 45.5 the highest.

CAUSES OF DEATH IN THE CENSUS YEAR 1900.
NUMBER OF DEATHS FROM CERTAIN CAUSES, WITH PROPORTION FROM EACH

CAUSE PER 100,000. FROM ALL CAUSES, IN 1900 AND 1890.
1900.
1890.

1900.

1890. CAUSES OF DEATH,

Number.
Propor-

CAUSES OF DEATH.
Propor-
Number.

Propor

Number, tion.

Proportion.

Number. tion.

tion. Consumption*

111,059 10,688 102,199 12,146 Diseases of the stomach 13,484 1,998 8,080 960 Pneumonia... 105,971 10,198 76,496 9,091 Measles

12,866 1,238 9,256 1,100 Ileart diseaset.. 69,315 6,671 44,959 5,-43 Croup....

12,484 1,201 13,862 1,647 Diarrheal diseasest 46,907 4,514 47,201 5,610 Diseases of the liver**. 12,249 1,179 9,460 1,124 l'nknown causes

40,539 3,901 34,286 4,074 Diseases of the brain. 11,469 1,104 19,322 1,464 Diseases of the kidneys S 36,724 3,534 19,457 2,312 Inanition......

11,382 1,095 6,995 831 Typhoid fever. 35,379 3,405 27,058 3,216 Dropsy..

11,264 1,084 10,070 1,197 Cancer 29,475 2,837 18,536 2,203 Whooping cough

9,958 958 8,432 1,002 29,222 2,812 16,591 1,972 Peritonitis...

7,501

722
4,995

594 Apoplexy 26,901 9,589 14,999 1,783 Railroad accidents

6,930

667 5,756 684 Inflammation of the

Septicemia.....

652 3,748 445 brain and meningitis.. 25,664 2,470 17,775 2,113 Burns and scalds.

6,772 652 2,850 458 Cholera infantum... 25,576 2,461 27,510 3,269 Scarlet fever...

6,333 609 5,969 709 Paralysis||..

23,865
2,297 16,670 1,969 Suicide...

5,498 529 3,932 467 Bronchitis. 20,223 1,946 21,422 2,546 Drowning.

5,387 518 5,104 607 Debility and atrophy 17,282 1,663 25,536 3,035 Appendicitis

5, 11

49 Influenza...

16,645

1,602
12,957 1,540 Rheumatism...

5,067 488

4,508 Diphtheria. 16,475 1,586 27,815 3,306 Diabetes...

4,672 450 2,407

286 Convulsions : 15,505 1,492 16,598 1,973 Hydrocephalus

4,302 414 4,338 516 Malarial fever. 14,871 1,431 18,594 2,210|Cerebro-spinal fever

4,174 40

396 Premature birth..

14,720 1,417

7,636) 908 Gunshot wounds..... 4,060 391 2,552 303 * Including general

tuberculosis. + Including pericarditis. Including cholera morbus, colitis, diarrhea, dysentery, and enteritis. $ Including Bright's disease. Including general paralysis of the insane. Including gastritis. ** Including jaundice, and inflammation and abscess of the liver.

This table serves only to indicate the relative frequency of deaths from the specified causes, as reported. It should be considered in connection with the following table, which gives the number of deaths due to the same causes in the registration area, with the death rates per 100,000 of population. DEATHS FROM CERTAIN CAUSES IN THE REGISTRATION AREA IN 1900 AND 1890, WITH DEATH RATES DUE TO EACH CAUSE, PER 100,000 OF POPULATION,

1900.
1890.

1900.

1890. CAUSES OF DEATH.

CAUSES OF DEATH.
Number. Rate. Number. Rate.

Number. Rate. Number Rate.

old age

[ocr errors]

536

3,333

88.6 Drowning

Pneumonia...
55,296 191.9 36,752 186.9 Diseases of the stomach **

5,743

20.0 3,565 18.) Consumption*

54,898

190.5 48,236 245.4 Diseases of the brain.. 5,357 18.6 6,055 30.9 Heart diseaset. 38,608 134.0 23,939 191. Peritonitis....

5,028 17.5

3,419 17.4 Diarrhwal diseasest... 24,509 85.1 20,457

104.1 Unknown causes.

4.849 16.8 4,827 24.6 Diseases of the kidneyss. 24,124 83,7 11,736

59.71 Measles.

3,801 13.2 2,662 13.5 Apoplexy. 19,173 66.6 9,631 49.0 Railroad accidents.

3,792 13.. 2,761 14.0 Cancer.. 17,296 60.0 9,410 47.9 Whooping cough.

3,669 12.7 3,098 15.8 old age.. 15,558 54.0 8,823 44.9 Suicide

3,400

11.8

2,027 10.3 Bronchitis.. 13,903 48.3 14,632 74.4 Scarlet fever..

3,327 11.5 2,682 13.6 Cholera infantum..

13,758

47.8
15,659
79.7 Hydrocephalus.

3,173 11.0 3,033 15.4 Debility and atrophy. 13,108 45.5 17,427

3,12 11.0 2,543 12.9 Inflammation of the

Septicæmia..

2,867

10.0 1,517 7.7 brain and meningitis.. 12,026 41.8 9,666 49.1 Appendicitis.

2,858 9.9 Diphtheria..

10,201 25.4
13,786 70.1 Croup

9,830 9.8 5,432 27.6 "Typhoid fever.

9,749

33.8
9,097 46,3 Diabetes.

2,693 9.4 1,089 5,5 Premature birth.... 9,690 33.7 4,948 25.2 Burns and scalds..

2,5-45 8.8 1,081 5.5 Convulsions 9,522 33.1 11,050 56.3 Malarial fever.

2,526 8.8 3,773 19.2 Paralysis.

9,450 32.8 6,980 35.5 Cerebro-spinal fever, 2,039 7.1 1,241 6.3 Inanition... 7,859 27.3 5,445 27.7 Dropsy...

1,979 6.9 2,034 10.3 Influenza 6,882 23.9 1,215 6. Rheumatism.

1,951 6.8 1,587 8.1 Diseases of the liver T. 6,544

22.71
4.742 24.21 Gunshot wounds..

1,103

3.8 479 2.4 * Including general tuberculosis. + Including pericarditis. # Including cholera morbus, colitis, diarrhoea, dysentery, and enteritis. $ Including Bright's disease. Including general paralysis of the insane. T Including jaundice, and inflamination and abscess of the liver, ** Including gastritis.

The following was the death rate per thousand in various countries in 1900: Austria, 25. 4; Belgium, 19.3; Denmark, 16.9; England and Wales, 18.2; France, 21.9; German Empire, 22.1; Hungary, 26.9; Treland, '19.6;'Italy, 23.8: Netherlands, 17.8; Norway, 15.9;_Scotland, '18.5; Spain, 28.9; Sweden, 16.8; Switzerland, 19.3; United States (registration area), 17.6.

[ocr errors]

Statistics of Crime and Pauperism.*

PRISONERS IN THE U.S. IN 1890, WITH PAUPERS IN THE U.S. IN 1904, WITH
ELEMENTS.
NATIVITY AND PARENTAGE.

NATIVITY AND PARENTAGE.
Aggregate. Men.
Women. Aggregate.

Men.

Women. The United States..

82.329 75,924 6,405 81,764 52,444 29,320 White..

57.310 52.894 4.416 74,854 48,445 26,409 Native, white.

40, 471 38,156

2,315 42,205 25,187 17,018 Both parents native..

21.037 20.101

936 31,944 18,338 13,606 One parent foreign...

2.881 2,729

152
1, 902
1,216

686 Both parents foreign....

12,601 11,766

835 6,777 4,069 1,708 One or both parents unknown. 3,952 3.560

392 2,582 1,564 1,018 Foreign born, white..

15,932 13,869

2,063

32, 136 23, 036 9,100 Birthplace unknown, white.

907
869
38
513
222

291 Colored.

25,019

23,030 1,989 6,910 3,999 2,911 Negroes

24, 277 22,305 1,972 Mongolian.

6,793
3,912

2,881
420
418

2
44
43

1 Indians

322
307
15
73
44

29 * The above comprises the latest statistics published by the United States Government. Those of prisoners appeared in the Census Report of 1890. The report on prisoners 1900-1904 is in course of preparation by the Census Office and is promised in 1907. pauperism in 1904 was published by the Census Office in 1906.

(See page 89). The special report on fStatistics of pauperism apply only to inmates of almshouses. Outdoor paupers are not considered, and there is no way of ascertaining their number in the United States, but it is comparatively small compared with that of European countries.

of the 114,620 parents of the white prisoners 45,732 were native, 60,153 were foreign born, and the birthplaces of 8,735 were reported as unknown. Omitting the unknown, the percentage of prisoners of the native element was 43.19 and of the foreign element 56.81.

As to nationalities of the 60,153 foreign parents of American prisoners 29,184 were Jrish, 9,987 German, 5,997 English, 4,064 English Canadian, 1,996 Scotch, 1,483 Mexican, 1,209 Italian, and 1.036 French. Other nationalities were below 1,000.

The New York State Prison Commission's annual report for 1906 showed that the total prison population of the State of New York on October 1, 1905, was: State prisons, 3, 452; reformatories for males, 1,656; houses of refuge, women, 430; penitentiaries, 2,227; county jails, 4,769. Total, 12,584.

Statistics of pauperism in European countries is difficult to collate on account of the variance in reports. England, for example, counts the number receiving relief on January 1; France the total number of persons succored during the year, the latter being a repetition of people who needed relief. Mulhall makes the following estimates: England, 810,000; Scotland, 96,000; Ireland, 109,000; France, 290,000; Germany, 320.000; Russia, 350,000; Austria, 290,000; İtaly, 270,000; Nether. lands, 85,000. Booth estimated that 38 per cent. of all persons over 65 years of age in England were paupers.

Homicide in the United States. The statistics of the United States Census for 1900 had not been published by the Census Office when THE WORLD ALMANAC for 1907 was ready for the press. The special report of the Census Office is in course of preparation and is promised by the Census Office in 1907. The latest official statistics, therefore, are of 1890.

The census bulletin presenting statistics of homicide in the United States in 1890 was prepared by Frederick H. Wines, special agent on pauperism and crime. The following is the summing up of the results of his investigations :

Of 82,329 prisoners in the United States June 1, 1890, the number charged with homicide was 7,386, or 8.97 per cent.

Omitting 35 who were charged with double crimes, 6,958 of them (or 94.65 per cent.) were men, and 393 (or 5.35 per cent.) were women.

As to color, 4,425 were white, 2,739 negroes, 94 Chinese, 1 Japanese, and 92 Indians.

As to the nativity of the 4,425 whites, 3,157 were born in the United States, 1,213 were foreign born, and the birthplace of 55 is unknown.

The number employed at the time of their arrest was 5, 659; unemployed, 1, 225; unknown, 467.

The habits of 973, in respect of use of intoxicating liquors, are not stated. The remaining 6,378 are classed as follows: Total abstainers, 1, 282; occasional or moderate drinkers, 3,829; drunkards, 1.267.

As to their physical condition, 6,149 were in good health, 600 ill, 283 insane, 24 blind, 14 deaf and dumb, 18 idiots, and 263 crippled.

Lynchings.-The number of lynchings in the United States from 1901 to the end of the first ten months of 1906, inclusive, was 621.

In the sixteen years, from 1884 to 1900, the number of lynchings was 2,516. Of these, 2,080 were in the Southern States, and 436 in the North. The proportion between blacks and whites was as two to one, 1,678 being negroes and 801 white men. The proportion of black men in the last fire years has been larger. This is accounted for by the fact that lynchings for horse and cattle stealing by white men of the West were formerly more common than they are to-day. Of the 2,516 lynched in the years mentioned, 2,465 victims were men and 51 were women.

Legal Executions. -The number of legal executions in the United States was 136 in 1905 116 in 1904; 123 in 1903; 144 in 1902; 118 in 1901:120 in 1900; 131 in 1899;109 in 1898;128 in 1897; 122 in 1896; 132 in 1895; 132 in 1894; 126 in 1893, and 107 in 1892. The legal executions in 1904 were distributed as follows: Alabama, 6; Arkansas, 7: California, 5; Connecticut, 2: Delaware, 1; Florida, 1; Georgia, 2; Idaho, 1; Illinois, 5; Indiana, 2; Kentucky,1; Minnesota, 1: Mississippi, 3; Missouri, 3; Montana, New Jersey, 2; New York, 8; North Carolina, 7; . Ohio, 10; Oregon,' 2; Pennsylvania, 19; South Carolina, 2; Tennessee, 3; Texas, 5; Utah, 1; Virginia, 6; West Virginia, 1; Washington, 1; District of Columbia, 1. The executions were divided : 62 in North and 54 in South; 69 were white, 45 negroes, 1 Japanese, 1 Chinese.. One hundred and ten executions were for murder. The above statistics of lynchings and legal executions were compiled by the Chicago Tribune.

The Defective Classes. The Insane.-The total number of insane in the United States on June 1, 1890 (Census of the United States), was 106, 485, of whom 74,028 were in hospitals. In the collection of satistics of the insane in 1903 (Census Special Report issued August, 1906), only the insane in hospitals were considered. These had increased to 160,151 on December 31. 1906. The number of hospitals for the insane had increased in thirteen years from 1'2 in 1890 to 328 in 1903.

In 1903 the number of insane males in hospitals was 78,523, and insane females 71.628. In proportion to population there were more white ihan negro insane. None of the insane in hospitals were under twelve years of age. The maximum concentration occurred between ages twenty-five and thirty-five years. Female insane live longer than male insane, and white insane thap negro insane.

More than one-fourth, 27.8 percent. of the hospital insane had been inmates less than one year, less than one-sixteenth per cent. had been in hospitals at least twenty years, 41. 6 per cent, had been employed as laborers and servants before becoming inmates, 22.5 per cent. had been occupied in agriculture, transportation and other outdoor pursuits, and 16 per cent. in manufacturing and mechanical industries. Of the 328 hospitals for the insane, 226 were public and 102 private in character. The annual cost of maintenance of insane in public hospitals approximate $21,000,000.

The Feeble-Minded. The number of feeble-minded in institutions on December 31, 1903, was 14,347. The Census estimate of the number of feeble-minded in the general population is not less than 150.000. Of the feeble-minded in institutions 58 per cent. were under twenty years of age, and 85 per cent. were under thirty years of age, Three-fifths of the inmates were epileptics.

The Deaf and Dumb.--The total number of deaf mutes in the United States on June 1, 1890 (the latest Census returns on the subject), was 40,592-whites, 37,447; negroes, 3,115; others, 30; males, 22,429; females, 18.163; native-born whites, 33,278; foreign-born whites, 4.169.

The number of persons so deaf as to be unable to hear loud conversation on June 1, 1890,69 121,178, of whom 80,611 were able to speak. The latter were 49,278 males, 31,338 females, 77,303 whites, 3,308 negroes.

The Blind-The total number of blind in the United States on June 1, 1890, was 50,568-whites. 43,351; negroes, 7.060; others, 157; males, 28,080; females, 22,488: native-born whites, 34,205; foreign-born whites, 9,146. The number of blind in one eye only was 93,988.

The number of insane persons in Great Britain and Ireland in 1896, according to Mulhall, was 128,896, or 328 per 100,000 population; Austria (1890),51.880; Hungary (1890), 28,158. The number of insane in Gerinany in 1884 was 108, 100; France, 93,900; Russia, 80,000.

Suicides. In European cities the number of suicides per 100,000 inhabitants is as follows: Paris, 42; Lyons, 29; St. Petersburg, 7; Moscow, 11; Berlin, 36, Vienna, 28; London, 23; Rome, 8; Milan, 6; 'Madrid, 3; Genoa, 31; Brussels, 15; Amsterdam, 14, Lisbon, 2; Christiania, 25; stockholm, 27; Constantinople, 12; Geneva, 11; Dresden, 51. Madrid and Lisbon show the lowest, Dresden the highest figure.

The average annual suicide rate in countries of the world per 100,000 persons living is given by Barker as follows: Saxony, 31.1; Denmark, 25. 8; Schleswig-Holstein, 24.0; Austria, 21. 2; Switzerland, 20.2; France, 15.7; German Empire, 14.3; Hanover, 14.0; Queensland, 13.5; Prussia, 13.3; Victoria, 11.5; New South Wales, 9.3; Havaria, 9.1; New Zealand,

9.o; South Australia, 8.9; Sweden, 8.1; Norway, 7.5; Belgium, 6.9 England and Wales, 6.9; Tasmania, 5.3; Hungary, 5.2: Scotland, 4.0; Italy, 3.7; Netherlands, 3.6; United States, 3.5; Russia, 2.9: Ireland, 1.7; Spain, 1.4. A later enumeration of suicides in France gives 8,926 as the number in 1900, or 23.6 per cent.

The causes of suicide in European countries are reported as follows: Of 100 suicides: Madness, delirium, 18 per cent.; alcoholism, 11; vice,crime, 19; different diseases, 2; moral sufferings, 6; family matters, 4; poverty, want, 4; loss of intellect, 14; consequence of crimes, 3; unknown reasons, 19.

The number of suicides in the United States in the Census year 1900 was 5,498. The number of suicides in States and cities of the United States wbich have laws reguiring the registration of deaths in the five years 1900 to 1904, inclusive, as reported in the Special Mortality Report of the Census Office, published in 1906, was 20,834. The methods of death by suicide in numbers, were: By poison, 6,946; firearms, 4,938; hanging. 3,232; asphyxia, 1.487; cutting, 1,171; drowning, 1.059; jumping from high places, 252; crushing, 87; other methods, 1,662. Insanity is the principal cause of suicide. The largest proportion of deaths by suicide, according to age, is from forty to forty-nine years. Summer appears to be the favorite season.

The number of suicides in fifty American cities in ten years 1895 to 1904, inclusive, according to the Special Mortality Report of the Census Office in 1906 was 24, 362. The ten cities having the highest rate per 100,000 of population, were: San Francisco, 49.6; Hoboken, 29. 2; St. Lonis, 27.2; Oakland, Cal., 23.6; New York (Manhattan and Bronx) 22.7; Chicago, 21.9; Milwaukee, 21.5; Cincinnati, 20.1; Newark, 19.8; Haverhill, Mass., 18.3. The average of fifty cities was 17.9.

Statistics of Births.
THE Statesman's Year Book gives the following returns of births in 1900, in principal European
countries. The birth registration, except in Germany, is not full. The Census returns of the United
States for 1900 have not yet been published.

Total Number
Number of

Total Number

Number of
COUNTRIES.

of Births.
Illegitimate
COUNTRIES.

Illegitimate
Births.

Births. Austria

995,537

135,933
Germany

2,045, 286

183,504 Hungary.

768,673
70,921 Italy

1,003,970

63,406 England and Wales. 926,304

67,013

4,949 Scotland.

131,355
8,503 Sweden

136,523

15,641 Ireland

101,459
Russia (1898).

5,769,218 France.

827,297
73,121 Spain

627,848 In "Statisque Humaine de la France,'' M. J. Bertillon presents the following table, showing that the French are the least prolific and the Germans the most prolific people of Europe: Number of children born alive annually per 1,000 women of 15 to 50 years: France, 102; Ireland, 114; Belgium, 127; England, 136; Netherlands, 137: Spain, 141; Prussia, 150; Bavaria, 156. The number of children born in France in 1904 was 818, 229, the smallest number registered in late years. In August, 1906, Hanaw Kailua,

in Hilo, Hawaii, gave birth to seven children; Mrs. Snell, of Malad, Idaho, on September, 19, 1889, gave birth to six children.

of Births.

36.814

Norway.

2,702

Maarriage and Divorce Laws.

(Revised to December 1, 1906.) Marriage Licenses.-Required in all the States and Territories except Alaska, New Jersey (if residents, otherwise required), New Mexico, New York, and South Carolina. California requires man and woman to appear and be examined under oath,

Marriage, Prohibition of.-Marriages between whites and persons of negro descent are prohibited and punishable in Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Indian Territory, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, . and West Virginia.

Marriages between whites and Indians are void in Arizona, North Carolina, Oregon, and South Carolina; and between whites and Chinese in Arizona, California, Mississippi, Oregon, and Utah.

Marriage between first cousius is forbidden in Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Ilinois, Indiana, Indian Territory, Kausas, Missouri, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Washington, and Wyoming, and in some of them is declared incestuous and void, and marriage with step-relatives is forbidden in all the States except Florida, Hawaiian Islands, Iowa, Kentucky, Minnesota, New York, Tennessee, Wisconsin.

Connecticut and Minnesota prohibit the marriage of an epileptic, imbecile, or feeble-minded woman under 45 years of age, or cohabitation by any male of this description with a woman under 45 years of age, and marriage of lunatics is void in the District of Columbia, Kentucky, Maine, Massachusetts, Nebraska; persons having sexual diseases in Michigan.

Marriage, Age to Contract, Without Consent of Parents.-In most of the States which have laws on this subject 21 years is the age for males; in California, Delaware, Idaho, and North Dakota, 18; in Tennessee, 16; and for females 21 years in Florida, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Kansas, South Dakota, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming, and 18 in all the other States having laws, except Delaware, District of Columbia, Idaho, Maryland, New York, and Tennessee, in which it is 16 years, and California and North Dakota, 15.

Illinois and Kansas, common law marriages null and void. Connecticut, neglect to support wife is felony. Residence

Causes for Absolute Divorce. STATES,

Required. In addition to adultery, which is cause for divorce in all the States.

*

Alabama. 1 year. Abandonment two years,-felony, crime against nature, habitual drunken

ness, violence, pregnancy of wife by other than husband at marriage,

physical incapacity, imprisonment for two years. Arizona. ...... 1 year. Felony, physical incapacity, desertion one year, excess, cruelty, neglect to

provide one year, pregnancy of wife by other than husband at marriage,

conviction of felony prior to marriage unknown to other party. Arkansas.... 1 year: Desertion one year, felony, habitual drunkenness one yea”, cruelty, per

manent insanity, former marriage existing. California .... 1 year. Cruelty, desertion one year, neglect one year, habitual drunkenness one

year, felony. Colorado... 1 year. Desertion one year, physical incapacity, cruelty, failure to provide one

year, habitual drunkenness one year, felony, former marriage existing. Connecticut.. + Fraudulent cor act, wilful desertion three years with total neglect duty,

habitual drunkenness, cruelty, imprisonment for life, infamous crime involving violation of conjugal duty and punishable by imprisonment in State

prison, seven years' absence without being heard from. Delaware.....

Desertion three years, habitual drunkenness, physical incapacity, cruelty,

felony-and at the discretion of the Court, fraid, want of age, neglect to

provide three years. D.of Columbia 2 years. Marriages may be annulled for former existing marriage, lunacy, fraud,

coercion, physical incapacity, and want of age at time of marriage. Florida ......, 2 years. Cruelty, violent temper,habitual drunkenness, physical incapacity, continued

desertion, former marriage existing, relationship within prohibited degrees. Georgia 1 year. Mental and physical incapacity, desertion three years, felony, cruelty,

habitual drunkenness, force, duress, or fraud in obtaining marriage, pregnancy of wife by other than husband at marriage, relationship within

prohibited degrees. Idaho

6 mos. Cruelty, desertion one year, neglect one year, habitual drunkenness one

year, felony, insanity. Illinois......... 1 year. Desertion two years, habitual drunkenness two years, former existing mar

riage, cruelty, felony, physical incapacity, attempt on life of other party,

divorced party cannot marry for two years. Indiana.... 2 years. Abandonment two years, cruelty, habitual drunkenness, failure to provide

two years, felony, physical incapacity. Jowa...... 1 year. Desertion two years, felony, habitual drunkenness, cruelty, pregnance of

wife by other than husband at marriage. Kansas.... 1 year. Abandonment

year, cruelty, fraud, habitual drunkenness, gross neglect of duty, felony, physical incapacity, pregnance of wife by other

than husband at marriage. ·Kentucky.... 1 year. Separation five years, desertion one year, felony, physical incapacity,

loathsome disease,, habitual drunkenness one year, cruelty, force, fraud, or duress in obtaining marriage, joining religious sect believing marriage unlawful, pregnancy of wife by other than husband at marriage or sub

sequent unchaste behavior, ungovernable temper. Louisiana.....

Felony, habitual drunkeness, excesses, cruelty, public defamation of

other party, abandonment five years, attempt on life of other party,

fugitive from justice. Maine..... 1 year. Cruelty, desertion three years, physical incapacity, habits of intoxication

by liquors, opium, or other drugs, neglect to provide. * Exclusive of South Carolina, which has no divorce law. † Varies with cause.

one

« НазадПродовжити »