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exactly one-half that figure. It showed through the testimony of experts that the cost of nianufacturing gas and delivering it to customers was only 57 cents, and prepared a bill providing for 75-cent gas. Mayor McClellan sent that bill to Albany in January, 1905. Of course, that bill was beaten. But, in beating it, the Trust inadvertently revealed that the Standard Oil octopus was the owner of the Consolidated Gas Company, which is a holding company, without a franchise or permit of any kind, and owning not a dollar's worth of gas plant or other property.

As a result of the continued agitation the Legislature laustt April passed what is known as the Page Eighty-Cent Gas Bill.

The Trust applied to Judge Lacombe of the United States Circuit Court and got an injunction restraining the authorities from enforcing this law until they had tested its constitutionality, claiming that to compel the company to supply gas at 80 cents would be to confiscate their property to the extent that it would deprive the company of any profiltis. The dispute was sent to a Master to be heard, the Master to report the testimony to the Court for final adjudication.

On December 7, 1905, THE WORLD laid before the public, in an exclusive story, indubitable evidence that the Siandard Oil Company was the owner of the Trust. It showed that the Consolidated Gas Company, which was making good headway in its efforts to prove to the Master that the cost of manufaoture was so high that the 80-cent rate would be ruinous to the company, that the Trust had entered into a contract with the Standard Oil Company in November, 1.305, for 2.35,000,000 gallons of oil, to be used in manufacturing the gas, 4 1-25 cents per gallon, which is 1 cent per gallon more than other large buyers pay. That is to say, for the purpose of making the cost of manufacture high so that their witnesses could so testify without rendering themselves liable to any perjury law, Consolidated is paying $2,550,000 more for the oil than necessary, and which would add 5 cents per thousand feet to the cost of gas, which, of course, the consumer was expeated to pay in the end.

FIRST NEWS IN THE WORLD. "Above all a newspaper." THE WORLD'S correspondents in every clime, and almost innumerable, find in their letter of instructions as its first word "get the news; get it first; time, trouble, work and cost not considered. Get the news for the readers of THE WORLD." And so it is that WORLD "beats'' are an everyday happening.

The news of the powder explosion on the United States first-class battleship Kearsarge, in the Caribbean Sea, killing six, was first told in THE WORLD, on April 14.

THE WORLD secured and first published the confession of Pat Crowe, the man who kidnapped the Cudahy boy, after a jury of twelve citizens of Omaha had acquitted him, though he still had $21.000 left of the ransom he had received for the restoration of the boy ito his millionaire father.

The first news of the near-success of Peary's last dash for the Pole appeared in THE WORLD the morning after his emerging from the Arctic wilds and his appearance at Sidney, N. S., in his little steamer Roosevelt.

The story of the parting of United States Senator Thomas C. Platt and his wife first saw the light in THE WORLD.

THE WORLD'S special correspondent at Naples was with Professor Matteucci in his observatory on the edge of the crater of Mount Vesuvius on the first night of the eruption of the old volcano, and sent a graphic description of the awful thing, the first news, to THE WORLD.

Society on both sides of the ocean was profoundly shocked when the story of the marital infelicity of the Duke and Duchess of Marlborough (nee Consuelo Vanderbilt) was first brought to light by THE WORLD'S exclusive cablegrams telling of the break by this supposedly happy couple, and that the Duke and Duchess had panted under a separation agreement.

No more amazing story was ever unfolded to newspaper readers than that which THE WORLD presented to its readers in several articles in October exposing the deluding of the followers of Mrs. Mary Baker G. Eddy, the woman who founded the Christian Science Church, aged, helpless, in the hands of her immediate household, while the business of the church is being carried on in her name.

ABOLISHING THE GALLOWS IN NEW JERSEY. .

Habit and custom, backed by long tradition, are stubborn things to combat. and THE WORLD found the New Jersey gallows intrenched. It was a long fight, but on April 4 last Governor Strokes signed THE WORLD'S bill abolishing the gallows and substituting electrocution in place of hanging as the legal method of executing the sentence of death against convicted murderers. New Jersey jails had been the scene of some distressing incidents connected with hangings, but when the nore humane and more certain method adopted by New York, Connecticut aind Ohio was urged upon the Trenton Legislature there was a disposition to "let well enough alone." When he had affixed his signature to the document, making it the law of the commonwealth, Governor Stokes said to those about him, among whom was a representative of the paper.

"This is a good law, and I am glad to have the opportunity to approve it. THE WORLD has gained a great victory in its fight to have this bill become a law, I believe in it, for I am convinced that death by hanging is a brutal method.”

miamong whom it the law of ough alone.","awurged up

MAKING FOUL BAKERIES CLEAN.

Two hundred and sixty-four out of the 2,740 bakeshops in the five boroughs of this city were inspected by THE WORLD, and it was found that the sanitary code was being violated in many of them, forty-eight of them being in a shocking condition of foulness,

aon behalf of the peopad overlooked these At the conventionork

Acting Mayor McGowan sent sharp letters to the Health Board, Tenement House Commission, and the State Bureau of Labor, and complimented THE WORLD highly on its vigilance on behalf of the people and public health. Health Commissioner Darlington reprimanded the inspectors who had overlooked these unsanitary bakeshops, and there was a general cleaning house among the breadınakers. At the convention of the National and State Associations of Master Bakers Mr. McGowan described the work done by the paper and the conditions found in the bakeries, and said THE WORLD was entitled to praise for unearthing the unsanitary shops.

OTHER PUBLIC SERVICES.

Among the minor public services of THE WORLD-minor in that they affect a smaller community and sometimes only a single family or an individual-may be mentioned its successful three year fight for the seaside park, just beyond the city limits, on the Long Island shore. The Legislature passed THE WORLD'S bill giving authority to the city expend $2,500,000 for land on the ocean front, where, besides free bathing for the poor, there will be erected Hospitals for convalescents. The Mayor is enthusiastic about the project, and the site will be either an 850-acre tract, four miles long, at Far Rockaway, or the Long Beach property, where the Long Beach Hotel and seventeen cottages seem to have been reared for the precise purposes of the proposed hospital. The hospital is to be managed by some one or more of the great charity organizations, all of whom supported THE WORLD in its long and persistent advocacy of the project. The seaside park will also be equipped with recreation pavilions and playgrounds, and should be of incalculable benefit to the public health of the city, furnishing those conditions for the weak and the convalescent who, else, would be obliged to make the struggle to recovery after wasting illness in their close tenement-house homes.

The rescue of the Palisades by the passage of the Wainwright bill to prevent the trap-rock men from blasting away this bit of unequalled natural scenery was secured largely through the efforts of THE WORLD. The trap-rock lobby was completely routed by the forces led by THE WORLD, and the dynauniters were banished from Hook Mountain.

The graphic description of the wretched conditions and unsanitary surroundings of the State prisons at Ossining and Auburn by Mrs. Florence Maybrick, sent by THE WORLD to investigate the report that had come to the outer world, from time to time, resulted in an investigation by the State Prison Improvement Commission. That Commission not only endorsed all that Mrs. Maybrick had said, but they recommended that both prisoins be abandoned, and new structures, constructed on modern plans, be erected on other sites, condemning the old "rat holes" as "breeding places' for fevers, consumption and other wasting diseases. The Legislature of 1907 will take up the matter.

Jacob Brown, a young mechanic earning $20 a week, says THE WORLD did him a “major service when it took his five-line advertisement for a wife for the "Want' section, for Miss Frances Koschker, a farmer's daughter living at New Brunswick, N. J., answered it; they were married, and are happy.

A Flushing policeman saw the picture of Charles Henry Richter, a runaway boy oil twelve years, whose mother was crying incessantly for his return. He recognized it as the likeness of the boy who delivered his groceries, sent for Mrs. Richter, and restored her lost son to her less than twenty-four hours after she took the picture to the office of THE WORLD and pleaded to have it published as "the only way I shall ever find my boy."

Every policeman in the five horoughs that go to make up the City of New York heard read a description of Hannah Graham, the missing complainant against Caruso in the famous Central Park “monkey-house case,” every time his platoon was sent out on duty for twelve days, but it remained for a reporter of THE WORLD to find her and secure from her own lips her story of the incident, which resulted in the arrest of Caruso.

THE WORLD'S exposure of the trick of the contractor who, having a $13,500 contract t furnish 10,000 loads of garden mould to Central Park. was getting the earth from cellar excavations, in which reporters took photographs of the men loading their carts with the exhausted and worse than worthless earth from old cellars, resulted in an investigation by the Comptroller and the cancellation of the contract and repudiation of the bills for what earth had been furnished.

DISTINGUISHED CONTRIBUTORS AND NOTABLE ARTICLES.

The best thoughts of the greatest minds of the world have been presented to readers of THE WORLD during the past year, as in every year since the present owner and director assumed the management of the paper.

Conspicuous among these wais Cardinal Gibbons, who gave, in the form of an interview, his strong views on the social condition which is giviag occupation to the "muck rakens,” and producing such tragedies in the higher social life, as the Thaw-White murder, and the dissolution of the marriage tie as in the Castellane-Gould, Marlborough, Platt, Oory and other notorious cases of recent date. The exclusive publication of the views of America's most eminent Roman Catholic prelate was followed by the repetition and reproduation of the article in every newspaper in New York, and nearly every daily paper in the United States.

James J. Hill, the great railroad man of the North west, contributed a splendid article of advice to young men who would succeed, putting "necessity as the richest inheritance," declaring that to succeed one must keep pounding away and give a dollar's worth in return for a dollar."

The unselfish and unstinted tribute given by Rev. Hugh M. Birckhead, the new rector of St. George's, to W. S. Rainsford, "founder and builder of the greatest 'institutional church on earth, with its 245 paid pastoral workers,' was splendid.

Grover Cleveland told or his ambition and aspiration for his young son, Richard, which was illustrated by a splendid picture of this foremost American and his manly son. "I

duation or most eminent spomin recent action the castellane. dien as the than to the muer

Bridine views of ks for nothing Onitten by Swami

ing statement bind his appeal to Ameri nobody is so persecu

would rather that my boy grew up able to build a great structure like the Brooklyn Bridge than to receive the highest honors that the people can bestow upon him.".

The views of a man of forty-nine who came to New York from India nine years ago, penniless, yet works for nothing, on New York life, form one of the most interesting contributions of the year. It was written by Swami Abhedanansa, born in wealth in Cal. cutta. educated to the highest degree, renunced his family, his name and his fortune. and became a Hindu monk, coming to this city to found the Vedanta Society here.

An interview with Pka Isaka Seme, the Zulu youth from Cetawayo and Lobengula, who came from his native land eight years ago, knowing not a word of English, and leaving behind him a "civilization' in which men, women and children went practically naked, won the George William Curtis gold melal, the highest oratorical honor conferred by Columbia University, last June, was wonderful in its illustration of the possibilities of education. It incidentally contradicted the favorite postulate of anti-negro advocates in this country that it is impossible to educite a pure negro.

There was a stirring statement by Count Tolstoi of the conditions which bring about the massacre of the Jews in Russia, and his appeal to America to “Stretch out your hand to the Jews, because nobody suffers more than they and nobody is so persecuted, SO oppressed."

The story of Norodny, upon whose head the Czar has set a price-$7,500—by his friend. Martha S. Bensley, who sheltered him in an old Fifth Avenue mansion, read like a page from Monte Cristo.

Mrs. Langtry's "Beauty Secret," how she manages to keep young, was cleverly eluci. dated by the English actress.

Isaac D. White's series of articles on "Unsolved Murder Mysteries of New York" fairly thrilled the reader. Mr. White won faine by solving the mystery of the identity of Norcross, who hurled a bag of dynamite at the late Russell Sage in Mr. Sage's office, blowing his own head off and wrecking the office, though his intended victim escaped. Mr. White set out with a button from the beheaded man's coat, and in three days he had fvund the tailor who made the coat in an obscure town in Massachusetts, and an hour later was talking with the mother of Norcross.

Miss Giulia Morisini contributed an entertaining article on “Why and How I Spend $200,000 a Year on Dress."

Other distinguished contributors were Mayor McClellan, Comptroller Metz, President McGowan, of the Board of Aldermen; Borough Presidents Ahearn, Coler and Cromwell; Commissioner Francis J. Lantry, Senator F. Fitzgerald, Dr. Thomas Darlington, Commissioner Edward J. Butler, of the Tenement House Department; Pustmaster W. R. Willcox, Sheriff Hayes, Dr. Thomas Hunter, ex-president of the Normal College; Attorney-General Julius M. Mayer; City Clerk P. J. Scully-in fact, it has become quite the custom for the city officials and heads of departments to "report to THE WORLD' on the affairs of their respective charges, and when they wish to reach the people, or get at public sentiment. they tell their story in THE WORLD as the surest and quickest way to accomplish what they want.

Anticles have been printed from Florence Finch Kelly on "Hoodlums in New York," David , P. Canavan and Mrs. Mabel Knabenshue in ballooning, State Game Commissioner James Whipple, ex-Attorney-General G. D. Bellinger, of South Carolina, against lynching; John Mitchell, leader of the coal miners; Rev. Madison C. Peters, Rev. Henry M. Warren, the hotel parson; Rev. Newell Dwight Hillis, Abraham S. Gruber, Dr. W. D. Thomas, of Chicago University; Joaquin Miller, poet of the Sierras;" Rev. Kenneth Vaughan, of London; Martin W. Littleton, ex-Governors Hill, Frank S. Black and B. B. Odell, Jr.

The stage and the drama have been represented by Forbes Robertson, Charles Klein. • Blanche Ring, Blanche Walsh, Mme. Yvette Guilbert, Channing Pullock, Daniel Frohman, Harry Woodruff, Bronison Howard, Gaetano Damato, manager of the Theatre Italia; Frank Hennessy, Grace George, Fay Tenipleton, Mabel Taliafero, Frank McKee, W. A. Brady, Charles Frohman, Miss Margaret Anglin and Edward Gilmere.

Art and kindred subjects have been discussed by Anna Caulfield, Chairman Michael Simons, of the Council of the Royal Giasgow Institute of Fine Arts; Sir Purdon Clarke and Honry FHornsbostel.

Among the talented women who have favored THE WORLD are Mrs. Harry Hastings, Mrs. Isaac L. Rice, Mlle. Octavia La Tour, Elizabeth Messerole Rhodes, secretary of the International Committee of Municipal Research; Mrs. Harriet Edwards, Mrs. Clarence Burns, Mrs. Florence E. Maybrick, Heloise McCarthy, Florence Albright, woman financier; Mrs. Linda Ross Walls, on fashions; Dorothy Richards, Mrs. Maud Nathan, Mrs. John Van Vorst, on "Have We Spoiled the American Girl?" answered by Mrs. Carolyn Wells, one of the wittiest and wisest of American women writers; Mrs. Harry Wallerstein, Ina Brevoort Roberts, Mrs. Rosalie Loew Whitney, Mrs. Dore Lyon, Anna Strunsky, Mrs. John A. Judge, Gertrude Barnum and Lillie Deveroux Blake.

Solomon Rabinowitz, who as "Sholem Aleichem' has made the Jewish people the world over laugh with his humorous novels and stories, has come to New York a victim of Rus. sian persecution in Kieff. On THE WORLD'S invitation this Jewish Mark Twain, accom. panied by Herman Bernstein, the novelist, visited the east side, inspected its charities, watched its amusements and then journeyed up Broadway to the regions of after-theatre luxury. Sholem Aleichem's interpretation of New York and its great east side were published.

WHAT OTHERS SAY ABOUT THE WORLD.

THE WORLD has been treated very kindly by its contemporaries the country over in the various phases of its work in the service of the people during the past year.

At the close of the work of laying bare the iniquities of the system of high finance in the great life insurance combine the Baltimore Herald was good enough to say:

THE NEW YORK WORLD supplied most of the evidence that aroused public indignation against the insurance grarters.'

Everybody's Magazine, in an editorial on Thomas F. Ryan and his connection with the Equitable, said: "It comes from THE NEW YORK WORLD, which has led the daily press of the country in the publication of insurance facts and comments on them."

The Brooklyn Eagle said: "THE WORLD is devoting more than a little attention to Alexander E. Orr, president of the New York Life Insurance Company and president of the Rapid Transit Commission. That he has more than enough to do can be demonstrated. And that the holders of New York Life Insurance policies have an indisputable claim upon all his working time, so to speak, demonstrates itself. THE WORLD has taken the right track." ** The Auburn Citizen said: “The call of THE WORLD has been answered. MoCurdy has gone.

THE WORLD made a special plea to the Democrats of New Jersey, where the result of the recent election amply justifies the belief of the paper that the people of the State were ripe for a change and ready to return to their ancient Democratic faith if ene uraged, to devote themselves and their energies to the election of a Democratic Legislature, and then do themselves honor and honor the State and the nation by electing Grover Cleveland a Senator in the Congress of the United States. The idea was received with enthusiastic approval all over the country, and was the forerunner of the proposition still under consideration among the leaders of thought in both the great parties to amend the Constitution so as to make every President a Senator-at-Large in the Congress upon his retirement from the Presidency.

Said the Wilmington Every Evening: "THE NEW YORK WORLD makes the admirable suggestion that the Democrats of New Jersey agree upon ex-President Grover Cleveland as their candidate for United States Senator, and upon the issue of his election make a strenuous endeavor to elect a Democratic Legislature.

*Senator Cleveland, of New Jersey-how well that would sound! How proud New Jersey and all the country would be to hear it spoken as an accomplished fact!”

The Topeka Journal said: "THE NEW YORK WORLD suggests that the New Jersey Democrats send Grover Cleveland to the United States Senate. If New Jersey would do that and then New York should give Theodore Rosevelt a seat in the same body, what an opportunity it would afford to compare the statesmanship of these two leaders

The New York Herald: “Mr. Joseph Pulitzer, proprietor of THE NEW YORK WORLD, by his forceful personality and mental originality, has contributed a great deal to the journalism of New York and the whole country, broadening its influence. * * * In what a quiet, unobtrusive way Mr. Pulitzer inaugurated his management of THE WORLD and how immediate, lasting and deserved was his success.”

Mr. E. H. Butler, editor of the Buffalo Evening News: "THE NEW YORK WORLD, edited by Mr. Joseph Pulitzer, is certainly a wonderful paper."

that and then Nerover Cleveland to the wYORK WORLD" succomplished fact!"

THE WORLD'S SUBSCRIPTION RATES.

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Address all communications, whether concerning advertisements or subscriptions, to THE WORLD, PULITZER BUILDING, Park Row, New York City. Remit by Express Money Order, Draft, Post Office Order or Registered Letter.

Agents and subscribers should always state what edition of THE WORLD is desired and for what period. Otherwise there will be confusion in filling subscription orders,

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WASHINGTON, 1345 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W. WORLD BRONX OFFICE, 658 East 149th St., near 3d Ave

The Library of Congress.

mit by law, se boroved April los removed from 17

be founesigns wereo), excluso 1886, 0

inters and sculptod most magnificent aigres in extent at araber, 1897. The

THE Library of Congress was established in 1800, destroyed in 1814 by the burning of the Capitol, afterward replenished by the purchase by Congress of the library of ex-President Jefferson, 6, 760 volumes (cost, $23,950); in 1851, 35, 000 volumes destroyed by fire; in lo52, partially replenished by an appropriation of $75,000; increased (1) by regular appropriations by Congress; (2) by deposits under the copyright law; (3) by gifts and exchanges ; (4) by the exchanges of the Smithsonian Institution, the library of which (40,000 volumes) was, in 1866, deposited in the Library of Congress with the stipulation that future accession should follow it. Sixty sets of Government publications are at the disposal of the Librarian of Congress for exchange, through the Smithsonian, with foreign governments, and this number may be increased up to 100. Other special accessions have been: The Peter Force collection (22,529 volumes, 37,000 pamphlets), purchased 1867, cost $100,000; the Count de Rochambeau collection (manuscript), purchased 1883, cost $20,000; the Toner collection (24,484 volume, (numerous pamphlets), gilt in 1882 of Dr. Joseph M. Toner, the Hubbard collection (engravings), gift in 1898 of Mrs. Gardiner G. Hubbard. ? The collection is now the largest in the Western Hemisphere. It comprised at the end of the fiscal year (June 30, 1905) about 1,344,618 printed books and pamphlets (including the law library of which, while a division of the library of Congress, still remains at the Capitol), manuscripts, maps and charts, pieces of music, and photographs, prints, engravings, and lithographs. Of the printed books, probably one-sixth are duplicates not in use.

The collection is rich in history, political science, jurisprudence, in official documents, National, State, and foreign, and in Americana, including important files of American newspapers and original manuscripts (colonial, revolutionary, and formative periods). Many of the rare books and manuscripts belonging to the Library are exhibited in show cases on the second floor.

The Smithsonian deposit is strong in scientific works, and includes the largest assemblage of the transactions of learned societies which exists in this country.

In 1897 the main collection was removed from the capitol to the building erected for it under the acts of Congress approved April 15, 1886, October 2, 1888, and March 2, 1889, at a cost of $6,317,000 (limit by law, $6,500,000), exclusive of the land, which cost $585,000. The architects who furnished theoriginal designs were John L. Sraithmeyer and Paul J. Pelz. By the act of October 2, 1888, before the foundations were laid, Thomas L. Casey, Chief of Engineers of the Army, was placed in charge of the construction of the building, and the architectural details were worked out by Paul J. Pelz and Edward P. Casey. Upon the death of General Casey, in March, 1896, the entire charge of the construction devolved upon Bernard R. Green, General Casey's assistant, and under his superintendence the building was completed in February, 1897, opened to the public November, 1897. The building occupies three and three-quarter acres upon a site ten acres in extent at a distance of 1.270 feet east of the Capitol, and is the largest and most magnificent library building in the world. In the decorations some forty painters and sculptors are represented-all American citizens. The floor space is 326,195 square feet, or nearly 8 acres. The book stacks contain about 45 miles of shelving, affording space for 2, 200,000 octavo volumes. Were the long corridors, now used in part for exhibition purposes, completely shelved, the buildiug would accommodate over 4,000,000 such volumes.

The Library is maintained by annual appropriations by Congress for various purposes, including the purchase of books.

Library Service.--Library proper, 235 employés; Copyright, 68; disbursement and care of building and grounds, 127. Total, 430,

Copyright Osce. -The Copyright Office is a distinct division of the Library of Congress, and is located on the ground floor, south side; open 9 to 4. 30. It is under the immediate charge of the Register of Copyrights, who, by the act of February 19, 1897, is authorized "under the direction and supervision of the Librarian of Congress,'' to perform all the duties relating to copyrights. Copyright registration was transferred to the Librarian of Congress by the act of July 8, 1870. Of most articles copyrighted two copies, and of someone copy, must be deposited in the Library of Congress to perfect copyright,

Entitled by statute to draw books for home use are the following: The President, the Vice-Presi. dent, Senators, Representatives, and Delegates in Congress (no books may be given out upon the orders of menibers in favor of those who are not members); Heads of Departments; the Justices, Reporter, and Clerk of the Supreme Court; the Judges and Clerk of the Court of Claims; Judges of the Court of Appeals of the District of Columbia and Judges of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia; representatives at Washington of foreign governments; the Solicitor-General and Assistant Attorney-General; the Secretary of the Senate; the Clerk of the House of Representatives, the Solicitor of the Treasury, ex-Presidents of the United States; the Chaplains of the two Houses of Congress; the Secretary and Regents of the Smithsonian Institution; the members and Secretary of the Interstate Commerce Commission; Chief of Engineers of the Army.

Hours.--The Library building is open to the public all days in the year excepting legal holidays. The hours are from 9 A, M. to 10 P.M. week days, and from 2 P.M. to 10 P.M. Sundays.

The Main Reading Room, Periodical Reading Room, and Music Division are open to the public from 9 A. M. to 10 P.M. week days, and from 2 P.M. to 10 P. M. Sundays.

The Librarian's Office and the Department of Bibliography are open for the transaction of business from 9 A. M. to 4.30 P.M. week days, and from 2 p.M. to 6 P.M. Sundays.

The other administrative divisions of the Library, including the Copyright Office, are open for the transaction of business from 9 A.M. to 4.30 P. M. all days in the year, excepting legal holidays and Sundays. .

Librarians Since the Inception of the Library.-1800-1814, the Clerk of the House of Representatives (for the time being); 1815-1829, George Watterston; 1829-1861, John S. Meehan; 1861-1864, John G. Stephenson; 1864-1897 (June 30), Ainsworth R. Spotford; 1897-January 17, 1899, John Russell Young; 1899 (April 5), Herbert Putnam.

General AdministrationLibrarian of Congress, Herbert Putnam; Chief Assistant Librarian, A. R. Spotford

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