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courage, a self-confidence that has not been manifested for years, and a renewed energy that means hope and contentment.
A philosopher once summed up foolishness thus: “When a man is a fool and knows that he is a fool, then he is a wise man; but when he is a fool and doesn't know it. then indeed he is a fool.”
(Miany men fool themselves in regard to whiskey, but they do not deceive their friends. The “I-can-take-it-or-let-it-alone'' man goes along nicely on that policy for a time; then, in the progressive process, he "takes it" and does not "let it alone.” Of course, he says “I can quit,” but the whistle seldom flows for his quitting time. He finds that he has a constant desire for alcohol, that the day's work cannot be done without stimulants, and that stimulation is necessary to his even moderate comfort. The craving grows, by what it feeds upon; the nerve cells act abnormally, and fail to perform their natural functions unless supplied with alcohol.
It is with these cases that the Keeley cure has met its greatest success. The Keeley statistics on the development, progress and climax of the drink disease on certain temperaments are startling and illuminating. Drinking men are classified as "constant drinkers," "periodicals," "chronic alcoholics" and "dipsomaniacs." The Keeley Institute does not treat true dipsomania. There is no cure for it so far as the Keeley cure is concerned, as it is not claimed that it will cure insanity.
THE DIPSOMANIAC. Dipsomania has been defined as an insane impulse that sometimes manifests itself in the form of alcoholic excess. This same impulse is manifested differently in different men, namely, in homicidal mania, in pyromania, and in various degenerate acts. The dipsomaniac does not drink because of a craving for liquor, but because he has an insane impulse so to do. There is this difference between the periodical" and the "dipsomaniac:" The “periodical" usually begins as a moderate drinker. When he discovers the habit growing on him, and before his nerves and will power are permianently impaired, he stops drinking for varying periods, the duration of these periods being longest in the beginning.
Few “periodicals' deliberately start out to get drunk. Sometimes they begin on light wine or beer, but certain it is that when sufficient alcohol is taken into the system through the beer and wine makeshift, restraint is thrown to the wind, self-control is lost, and a hlurricane battle with whiskey' takes place. There is but one end-whiskey triumphs. The duration of the bout depends upon the vitality and the constitution of the victim. In many cases, no matter what his capacity or vitality, he will drink until he is in a condition of collapse; then come sackcloth and ashes and a period of sobriety. The duration of the sober period grows less and less as the disease progresses.
Chronic alcoholism is that condition where the constant and excessive use of liquor has produced structural changes in the vital organs, including even the brain itself. These victims can be relieved of alcoholic craving, and the general tonic effect upon the system due to the treatment improves the general health and places the patient in a condition where Nature or proper special treatment will, if possible, repair the damage. The Keeley cure makes no claims to repair these organic changes. Cirrhosis of the liver, Bright's disease, fatty degeneration of the heart and brain lesion are among the complications which mark the victims of chronic alcoholism.
“CONSTANT DRINKER" IN DANGER, The “constant drinker" outnumbers the athers; but however cunningly he may plan to outwit alcohol, he is shunted on the same road and finds the same finish as the other victim. He is the “moderate drinker” at the beginning; then, as the disease develops, more whiskey is consumed and a tolerance for liquor is established until many times the usual amount is required to produce the stage of exhilaration desired.' Like the drug habit, the whiskey doses are constantly increased until the disease is thoroughly established. Though the "constant drinker drinks daily, it is not necessarily to the point of intoxication; however, a large percentage also indulge excessively at intervals, which become shorter and shorter,
Statistics show that a large majority of patients received at Keeley Institutes have a history of moderate to excessive drinking extending over a period of from five to ten years previous to their arrival. Exceptions are noted where the moderate use of liquor was continued for twenty years or more. The Keeley diagnosis of alcoholism is that it is an acquired disease and not hereditary. The best proof of this is the disastrous effects of liquor upon the Indians, whose ancestors knew not its use. It is shown in families where boys fall victims to the habit and the girls do not. An English commission of scientista. who recently investigated the subject, agreed that drunkenness was not horeditary, but was an acquired disease. Natural characteristics are transmissible, but not acquired habits or characteristdag.
There is a destiny that shapes even the drunkard's end. He is moulded into the kind of a drunkard he is by circumstances and temperament. The "periodical" educates himself, one might say, in that fashion of drinking. He swings from strict sobriety to excessive indulgence and back again, The "constant drinker' has passed through freshman, sophomore and junior classes until he graduates a wreck in the senior alcoholic class.
So, too, with the condition of chronic alcoholism. Environment has much to do with the acquirement of the disease: but once established, environment has little effect. The farmer victim, leading the simple life, will indulge in excesses equal to his brother in the city. Of moderate drinkers, one man in every ten becomes a drunkard. The reason he becomes a drunkard is because he has a nervous temperament, peculiarly susceptible to alcohol.
It is a fallacy that beer or light wines, taken as a substitute for whiskey, will not estait lish the disease. It has been proved that many beer drinkers take into their systems quite as much the alcohol craved as whiskey drinkers. In doing this the vital organs are overloaded and overworked, flabby muscles and fatty tissues develop from it, the heart is weakened and lung power diminished. Beer has been put under the ban in the army of Imperial Germany, because it was discovered that the beer drinking troops could not stand the fatigue of marching as well as abstainers.
SLAVES OF DRUGS. Out of every one hundred patients received at Dwight, twenty-five are slaves to some form of drugs. Keeley remedies cure drug habits in from four to six weeks. The narcotics, such as opium, morphine, laudanum, cocaine, chloral and kindred drugs figure in the addictions. Seventy-five per cent, of the victims assert that drugs were first administered by physicians to relieve pain, and their use continued without the physician's knowledge until the habit was formed. Like alcohol, the craving is for more and more until the nervous system is wrecked. These diseases have been considered incurable, but it has been demon. strated that with the Keeley remedies they aan be cured, as thousands who can be referred to will gladly attest.
And what of Dwight? It is all right, just the place for the liquor victim to recover his manhood. It is but seventy-three miles from Chicago, on the Chicago and Alton Railroad, and through the enterprise of the Keeley Institute has become an ideal spot for such an institution. Dwight is shady, grassy and flowery. Dwight is soothing to overtaxed nerves. The public improvements are first-class. It is well paved, well lighted, and, above all, quiet and restful. To the reclaimed victim of the liquor disease, the sky is blue, the birds sing, and there is perfume in the air at Dwight.
It is a town of miracles. Great men, thoughtful men, observing men have said so. They have witnessed the raising of the dead—the dead in hope. in ambition, in moral courage; they who were dead to family and financial responsibilities; those who were dead to all the finer feelings of manhood, dead in every way but physically. From an inferno of degradation, they have been lifted up and made into normal beings. "The devil of alcoholism, a "good-fellow" devil in the early acquaintance, but in the end a cruel tyrant with a curriculum of a thousand tortures, has been cast out, and Dwight was the scene of the exorcising. Dwight, as has been said, is all right.
ATTRACTIONS AT DWIGHT. The Keeley Laboratory and the new Livingston Hotel, a Keeley enterprise, are the features of Dwight. The hotel would be a credit to a city of a hundred thousand, and the laboratory is a credit to the man who founded this institution and to the men who now control it. It is of Grecian design, entered by an easy flight of stone steps through double bronze doors made from exclusive designs. On each side of the entrance a flight of bronze stairs connects with the second floor through a beautiful rotunda, upon which special decorations have been lavished with exquisite taste. Paintings symbolical of the five senses. in as many windows, face the rising sun, and are works of great merit.
The mural decorations, which were done from exclusive designs, are artistic and beautiful. The floors throughout the building are either mosaic or monolith. The building is absolutely fireproof, wood being used only in the door casings. "The woodwork on the second floor is fumed oak, while the furniture and fittings on the first floor are of mahogany. A
marble vestibule, in which a triple display of marble clothes the walls and forms a number of graceful columns, is passed through as one, enters the treatment room.
This spacious apartment is unsurpassed in cleanliness, light, ventilation and other sanytary conditions. To the right are the business offices and vaults filled with Institute records. In the centre and left of this room is where the treatment is administered which cures the alcoholic diseased and the man is restored to a position where he can choose between drunkenness and sobriety, between good and evil, and, in short, be master of him. self. Did not Tennyson's eye penetrate the future when he wrote:
"I hold it true with him who sings,
SOBERING-UP PROCESS. The first “stepping stone" from "his dead self" in the department just described is the sobering-up process. This requires a day-sometimes two or three. Victims to whom
liquor has ibeen a necessity for years are given liquor in such quantities as may be required to prevent suffering and until they are comfortable without it, and then it is withdrawn completely. This is invariably accomplished in a few days, but never before the patient's condition justifies it --there is no nausea, as the object is to remove the craving or necessity, and not to create a disgust for liquor.
If upon arrival the patient is unable to care for himself, he is placed under the supervision of an attendant. Each patient is given a thorough examina. tion to determine the condition
of his mental and physical health, in order that the treatment may be adapted to his require ments. A clinical record showing the patient's prog. ress from day to day is
kept. The hypodermic remPORCH OF LIVINGSTON HOTEL, DWIGHT, ILL.
administered four times daily.
At the same time, each patient's pulse is examined, and, if required, auxiliary medicines are prescribed.
There is no restraint on patients; they may go about as they please, gentlemanly deportment and regularity as regards the treatment only being insisted upon. They are required to attend one lecture each week. These lectures are given in the assembly room in the laboratory, and their object is to assist patients in their efforts toward a better life. The personnel of the patientse is a surprise to the student of humanity. The vulgar and tough element is not there. No drunkenness or disorder is visible. Cheerfulness is a feature of the cure. Among the Keeley graduates are senators, congressmen, business men, merchants, laboring men, and physicians; of the last named seventeen thousand have taken the cure.
While thousands upon thousands of testimonials have been given by the cured, the Keeley Institute takes much pride in the testimonials and indorsements of prominent men, who, not requiring treatment themselves, have observed its wonderful effect. The late Joseph Medill, publisher of the Chicago Tribune, after a thorough test, wrote:
"I sent Doctor Keeley five of the worst drinkers and opium eaters I could find. After a month they were sent back cured. The poison had been expelled from their systems. They looked as if a miracle had been performed upon them."
TESTIMONY OF A BISHOP. "It is because I know it does save them, because I know it is God's truth, that I take the deepest interest in the Keeley cure, and so long as I iive I shall raise my voice in advocating its efficacy," wrote Bishop Shanley, of North Dakota. The late P. D. Armour was a strong advocate of the Keeley cure and sent more than awo hundred of his em
ployees to Dwight.
The cure has been indorsed by the regular army commanders, thousands of enlisted men proving its power. The Livingston Hotel is connected with the laboratory hy a graceful pepigt vle.
The Livingston is modern, comfortable, sanitáry, and absolutely fireproof. It is three stories, colonial in style, and from basement to skyline is a model hotel. The floorg throughout the building are either mosaic or monolith. The beds are metal. and the furnishings of the best material. The casings and doors are of heavy oak, and, including the furniture. the only wood in the building. The thorough sanitary conditions of the laborat:rry also prevail in the hotel. The plumbing and drainage show skilled workmanship, coupled with the best modern appliances.
There are exclusive parlors for women, and many of the rooms have baths connected. The hotel stands in an open space-more correctly a small park-and hence there are no dark rooms. In passing, it may be added that the Company maintains its own power house, which supplies electric light and power to the entire plant. There are broad verandas, and a dining room which is artistically decorated and furnished. . The kitchen has the latest improvements both in a mechanical and sanitary way. There is a well selected library for the use of patients and pleasant reading rooms in connection.
SHOWS GOOD RESULTS. As has been stated, the Keeley work was established in 1880, and consequently it is in its twenty-seventh year, long enough to convince the most skeptical of the permanent benefits derived from the Keeley treatment. A business can be conducted for a certain length of time upon advertising alone, but results must be shown to insuru continued prosperity, and prosperity is observable everywhere in the Keeley work.
From a small beginning in an unattractive frame building. the plant has developed into what has been described; this. however, is only a small indication of the growth of the Keeley work. The greatest growth and development is indicated by the fact that there are so-called Branch Keeley Institutes in nearly every State in the Union, beside two in Canada and one in England. I be more particular, the Keeley Institutes are located in the following named cities: BIRMINGHAM. ALA.,
NORTH CONWAY, N. H.. 2000 Twelfth Ave., North. BUFFALO, N. Y., HOT SPRINGS, ARK.,
799 Niagara St. 502 Park Ave.
WHITE PLAINS, N. Y. SAN FRANCISCO, CAL., 262 Davisadero St.
GREENSBORO, N. C. LOS ANGELES, CAL.,
FARGO, N. C. 1022 South Flower Si. i COLUMBUS, O., 1087 Dennison Ave. DENVER, COLO.,
71 East 11 th St. WEST HAVEN, CT.,
HARRISBURG, PA. WASHINGTON, D. C.,
PHILADELPHIA, PA., 211 North Capitol St.
812 North Broad St. JACKSONVILLE, FLA.,
4246 Fifth Ave. ATLANTA. GA.,
PROVIDENCE, R. I., 235 Capitol Ave.
306 Washington St. MARION, IND.,
COLUMBIA, S. C., 1329 · Lady St. PLAINFIELD, IND.
SIOUX FALLS, S. DAK., DES MOINES, IA.,
Spring Ave. and Fifth St. 706 Fourth St. DALLAS, TEX, Bellevue Place. CRAB ORCHARD, KY.
SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH, NEW ORLEANS, LA.,
334 W. South Temple St. 1628 Felicity St. | RICHMOND, VA., PORTLAND, ME., 151 Congress St.
800 East Marshall St. LEXINGTON, MASS.
WAUKESHA, WIS. GRAND RAPIDS, MICH.,
SEATTLE, WASH. 265 South College Ave.
1120 Kilbourne St. MINNEAPOLIS, MINN., 10th St. and Park Ave.
FOREIGN. KANSAS CITY, MO.,
TORONTO, CAN.. 716 West Tenth St.
1253 Dundas St. ST. LOUIS, MO., 2803 Locust St.
WINNIPEG, MAN., ALHAMBRA, MONT.
133 Osborne St., Ft, Rouge. OMAHA, NEB.,
9 West Bolton Gardens. S. W. UNDER A UNIFORM NAME. All these establishments are authorized Keeley Institutes, and operate under the uniform name of The Keeley Institute. The remedies used by them are obtained direct from the parent house at Dwight, and, to prevent mistake or substitution, they are shipped carefully sealed and packed. In addition. in all cases these remedies are administered by physicians who have graduated from reputable medical schools, and who have been engaged in general practice tong enough to demonstrate their skill in their profession: furthermore, they are required to take a special course of instruction at Dwight in relation to the diseases which Keeley Institutes treat and in the administration of the Keeley remedies.
The aim is to make the treatment at all Keeley Institutes un'iform, and there is no reason why a patient cannot get absolutely the same results from treatment at these socalled branches as can be obtained at Dwight. Each Keeley Institute is a separate business enterprise. and is operated under a contract with the parent house, which provides that the treatment shall be uniform in all respects. All the Keeley. Instituteg, including the parent house at Dwight distribute printed matter free and keep all correspondence strictly confidential: the literature is not buiky. is well printed, and is conservative as far as its contents are concerned, it being characteristic of this business that no misrepresentation or extravagant claims shall be made. All Keeley Institutes court investigation and maintain that the honest and unprejudiced investigator is always convinced of the truthfulness of their claims, as well as the efficacy of the Keeley remedies.