« НазадПродовжити »
me for instructions, including Gen. Alejandro Rodriguez, in command of the Rural Guard and the other regular forces, and Gen, Carlos Roloff, Treasurer of Ouba. Until further notice, the civil governors and alcaldes will also report to me for instructions. “I ask all citizens of Cuba to assist in the work of restoring order, tranquillity and confidence.
* WM, H. TAFT. “Secretary of War of the United States, Provisional Governor of Cuba." A disarmament commission was immediately appointed, headed by Brig.-Gen, Frederick Funston, and strong forces of American marines were disembarked from the American warships and stationed at strategic points. Six thousand United States regulars, forming the “ Army of Pacitication," under Maj.-Gen. J. Franklin Bell, afterward relieved the marines, who returned to their ships, while the veteran troops, who had served in the Philippines and elsewhere, were rapidly distributed throughout the island.
For the most part the rebels laid down their arms without trouble and the work of pacification was rapid,
President Palma left Havana in tears October 2 for his old horne at Bayamo.
Secretary Taft issued on October 9 a proclamation of amnesty to all persons charged with political offences.
Charles E. Magoon succeeded to the position of Provisional Governor October 13, on which day Secretary Taft, Assistant Secretary Bacon and General Funston left Havana for the United States,
GOVERNOR MAGOON'S POLICY On taking office Governor Magoon issued a proclamation setting forth that he assumed the governorship under the authority conferred by the Platt amendment and the permanent treaty between the United States and Cuba, and by an act of the United States Congress of March 2, 1901, and by the appointment of the President of the United States. He added:
"The policy declared and the assurances given by Secretary Taft will be strictly adhered to and carried out. As Provisional Goveruor I shall exercise the powers and perform the duties provided for by the third article of the appendix to the Constitution of Cuba for the preservation of Cuban independence and the protection of life and property. As soon as it proves consistent with the attainment of these ends I shall seek to bring about the restoration of the ordinary agencies and methods of government under the other and general provisions of the Cuban Constitution. All the provisions of the Constitution and laws which for the time being would be inconsistent with the exercise of the powers provided for by the third article of the appendix must be deemed to be in abeyance, All the other provisions of the Constitution and laws continue in full force and effect."
Paceful conditions were rapidly restored throughout the island. The only threatening attempt to prolong disorder was made by the deposed chief of police, at Cienfuegos, Senor Ruis. With eight followers he "took to the bush," the familiar way of starting a Cuban revolt, in the latter part of November. Governor Magoon immediately sent in pursuit the Rural Guards (native troops), at Cienfuegos, while United States soldiers garrisoned the town. The whole body of **
"insurgents was quickly captured and the rebellion was squelched within three days.
HALF THE MEMBERS OF CONGRESS UNSEATED. Diplomatic hints failing to induce certain Cuban Congressmen to resign, Governor Magoon called them to his official residence December 2, and informed them that a decree would be issued the next day by direction of President Roosevelt, declaring vacant those seats which were filled at the election held in 1905, and that the salaries of members thus ousted would be paid to October 12--the day before Governor Magoon took office, Nothing was said in the decree, which was duly gazetted, about any illegality or coercion at that election, but the primary cause of the late insurrection was the belief that the Cuban government had stifled the voice of the people at the polls in 1905, and, by means of pressure and intimidation, had brought about the re-election of Tomas Estrada Palma, as President, and the election of most of the Moderate candidates for Congress.
This decree unseated half the Senators and Representatives. The fairness of the election in 1904, of the other half, has never been seriously questioned.
New elections will be ordered to fill the vacant seats for the unexpired term-until December 31, 1907. But many things must be taken into consideration in fixing the date. The islanders are not yet in such a frame of mind just after laying down their arms as is desirable at a popular election, and by the time it is hoped they may be, the reaping of certain important crops ought not to be interfered with. The Liberals are willing to wait until June, and the Moderates, who are demoralized, want the election put off as long as possible.
PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT'S MESSAGE. In his message to Congress at the opening of the session December 4, President Roosevelt, after reciting the events which led to intervention by the United States, said:
“The provisional government has left the personnel of the old government and the old laws, so far as might be, unchanged, and will thus administer the island for a few months until tranquillity can be restored, a new election properly held, and a new government inaugurated. Peace has come in the island, and the harvesting of the sugar cane crop, the great crop of the island, is about to proceed.
" When the election has been held and the new government inaugurated in peaceful and orderly fashion the provisional government will come to an end.
" I take this opportunity of expressing upon behalf of the American people, with all possible solemnity, our most earnest hope that the people of Cuba will realize the imperative need of preserving justice and keeping order in the island. The United States wishes nothing of Cuba except that it shall prosper morally and materially, and wishes nothing of the Cubans save that they shall be able to preserve order among themselves, and therefore to preserve their independence.
" If the elections become a farce, and if the insurrectionary habit becomes confirmed in the island, it is absolutely out of the question that the island should continue independent, and the United States, which has assumed thë sponsorship before the civilized world for Cuba's career as a nation, would again nave to intervenz and to see that the government was managed in such orderly fashion as to secure the safety of life and property.
* l'he path to be trodden by those who exercise self-government is always hard, and we should have every charity and patience with the Cubans as they tread this difficult path. I have the utmost sympathy with ani regard for them, but I most earnestly adjure them solemnly to weigh their respons sibilities and to see that when their new government is started it shall run smoothly and with freedom from flagrant denial of right on the one hand and from insurrectionary disturbances on the other,"
The National Pure Food Law. THE Pure Food Act, approved June 30, 1906, is entitled "An Act for preventing the manufacture sale, or transportation of adulterated or misbranded or poisonous or deleterious foods, drugs, medicines and liquiors, and for regulating traffic therein,and for other purposes." It took effect by its terms on January 1, 1907.
* Under Kection 3 of the Act the secretaries of the Departments of the Treasury, Agriculture, and Commerce and Labor, are required to make uniform rules for carrying out the provision of the Act. The administration of the law has therefore been placed under the charge of a Commission appointed by these three Departments. The Treasury Department is represented by James J. Gerry. the Department of Agriculture by Dr. Harvey W. Wiley and the Department of Commerce and Labor by $. N. D. North, Director of the Census. Dr. Wiley, is ChairmanThe Commission met and organized in the City of New York, September 17, 1906, and proceeded to prepare rules and regulations for carrying out the provisions of the Act.
The first section of the Act makes it unlawful for any person to manufacture within the District of Columbia or any Territory, any article of food or drug which is adulterated or misbranded, under a penalty not to exceed $500, or one year's imprisonment, or both, at the discretion of the court for the first offense, and not to exceed $1,000 and one year's imprisonment, or both, for each subsequent offense.
Section 2 of the Act makes it applicable to food or drugs introduced into any State from any other State, and from or to any foreign country.
'i'he sections descriptive of the articles which come within the scope of the Act are as follows:
** Sec. 6. The term drug,' as used in this Act, shall include all medicines and preparations, recognized in the United States Pharmacopeia or National Formulary for internal or external use, and any substance or mixture of substances intended to be used for the cure, mitigation or prevention of disease of either man or other animals. The term 'food,' as used herein, shall include all articles used for food, drink, confectionery or condiment by man or other animals, whether simple, mixed or compound
**Sec. 7. For the purposes of this Act an article shall be deemed to be adulterated:" In case of drugs:
** First. If, when a drug is sold under or by a name recognized in the United States Pharmacopeia or National Formulary, it differs from the standard of strength, quality or purity, as determined by the test laid down in the Yuited States Pharmacopeia or National Formulary official at the time of invesưigation: Provided, That no drug defined in the United States Pharmacopoeia or National Formulary shall be deemed to be adulterated under this provision if the standard of strength, quality or purity be plainly stated upon the bottle, box or other container thereof, although the standard may differ from that determined by the test laid down in the United States Pharmacopeia or National Formulary.
Second. If this strength or purity fall below the professed standard or quality under which it is sold.”
In the case of confectionery:
"If it contain terra alba, barytes, talc, chrome yellow, or other mineral substance or poisonous color or flavor, or other ingredient deleterious or detrimental to health, or any vinous, malt or spirituous liquor or compound or narcotic drug."
In the case of food:
"First. If any substance has been mixed and packed with it so as to reduce or lower or injuriously affect its quality or strength,
**Second. If any substance has been substituted wholly or in part for the article.
“ Fourth. If it he mixed, colored, powdered, coated, or stained in a manner whereby damage or inferiority is concealed.
** Fifth. If it contain any added poisonous or other added deleterious ingredient which may rene der such article injurious to health: Provided, That when in the preparation of food products for shipment they are preserved by any external application applied
in such manner that the preservative is necessarily removed mechanically, or by maceration in water, or otherwise, and directions for the removal of said preservatives shall be printed on the covering of the package, the provisions of this Act shall be construed as applying only when said products are ready for consumption.
"Sixth. If it consists in whole or in part of a filthy, decomposed, or putrid animal or vegetable substance, or any portion of an animal unfit for food, whether manufactured or not, or if it is the product of a diseased animal, or one that has died otherwise than by slaughter.
**Sec. 8. The term 'misbranded,'. used herein, shall apply to all dru, $, or articles, or food, or articles which enter into the composition of food, the package or label of which shall bear any statement, design, or device regarding siich article, or the ingredients or substances contained therein which shall be false or misleading in any particular, and to any food or drug product which is falsely branded as to the State, Territory, or country in which it is manufactured or produced.
** That for the purposes of this Act, an article shall also be deemed to be misbranded."
"Second. If the contents of the package as originally put up shall have been removed, in whole. or in part, and other contents shall have been placed in such package, or if the package fail to bear a statement on thelabelof the quantity or proportion of any alcohol, morphine, opium, cocaine, heroin, alpha or beta eucaine, chloroform, cannabis indica, chloral hydrate or acetanilide, or any derivative or preparation of any such substances contained therein."
In case of food; * First. If it be an imitation of or offered for sale under the distinctive name of another article.
"Second. If it be labelled or branded so as to deceive or mislead the purchaser, or purport to be a foreign product when not so, or if the contents of the package as originally put up shall have been removed in whole or in part and other contents shall have been placed in such package, orisit fail to bear a statement on the label of the quantity or proportion of any morphine, opinm, cocaine, heroin, alpha or beta encaine, chloroform, cannabis índica, chloral hydrate, or acetanilide, or any derivative or preparation of any such substance coutained therein,
"Third. If in package form, and the contents are stated in terms of weight or measure, they are not plainly or correctly stated on the outside of the package.
* Fourth. If the package containing it or its label shall bear any statement, design or device regarding the ingredients or the substances contained therein, which statement, design or device shall
be false or misleading, in any particular: Provided, That an article of food which does not contain any added poisonous or deleterious ingredients shall not be deemed to be adulterated or misbranded in the following cases:
"First, in the case of mixtures or compounds which may be now or from time to time hereafter known as articles of food, under their own distinctive names, and not an imitation of or offered for sale under their own distinctive nanies, and not an imitation of or offered for sale under the distinctive name of another article, if the name be accompanied on the same label or brand with a statement of the place where said article has been manufactured or produced.
** Second. In the case of articles labelled, branded or tagged so as to plainly indicate that they are compounds, imitations or blends, and the word 'compound,' 'imitation' or blend, as the case may be, is plainly stated on the package in which it is offered for sale: Provided, That the terny blend as used herein shall be construed to mean a mixture of like substances, not excluding harmless color. ing or flavoring ingredients used for the purpose of coloring and flavoring only: And provided further, That nothing in this Act shall be construed as requiring or compelling proprietors or manufacturers of: proprietary foods which contain no unwholesome added ingredients to disclose their trade formulas, except in so far as the provisions of this Act may require to secure freedom from adulteration or mis. branding
"Sec. 9. No dealer shall be prosecuted under the provisions of this Act, when he can establish a guaranty signed by the wholesaler, jobber, manufacturer or other party residing in the United States, from whom he purchases such articles, to the effect that the same is not adulterated or misbranded within the meaning of this Act, designating it."
The remaining provisions of the Act provide the methods of prosecuting offenders and destroying goods imported or offered for import which are adulterated or falsely labelled.
The National Meat Inspection Law. In the Act making appropriations for the Department of Agricuiture for the fiscal year ending Júne 30, 1907, approved June 30, 1906, appear the following provisions regulating the inspectio of meat foods either in the hoof or carcass or in canning and packing establishments:
“For the purpose of preventing the use in inter-State or foreign commerce, as hereinafter provided, of meat and meat food products which are unsound, unhealthful, uuwholesome or otherwise unfit for human
food, the Secretary of Agriculture, at his discretion, may cause to be made by suspectors appointed for that purpose, an examination and inspection of all cattle sheep, swine, and goats, before they shall be allowed to enter into any slaughtering, packing, meat-canning, rendering, or similar establishments, in which they are to be slaughtered, and the meat and meat food products thereof are to be used in inter-State or foreign commerce ; and all cattle.swine, sheep,and goats found on such inspection to show symptoms of disease shall be set apart and slanghtered separately from all other cattle, sheep, swine, or goats, and when so slaughtered the carcasses of said cattle, sheep, swine, or goats, shall be subject to a careful examination and inspection, all as provided by the rules and regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture as herein provided for.
“For the purposes herein before set forth the Secretary of Agriculture shall cause to be made hy inspectors appointed for that purpose, as hereinafter provided, a post-mortem examination and inspection of the carcasses and parts thereof of all cattle, sheep, swine, and goats to he prepared for human consumption at any slaughtering, meat-canning, salting, packing, rendering, or similar establishment in any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia for transportation or sale as articles of inter-State or foreign commerce; and the carcasses and parts thereof of all such animals found to be sound, healthful, wholesome, and fit for human food shall be marked, stamped, tagged, or labelled as 'inspected and passed ;' and said inspectors shall label, mark, stamp, or tag as 'inspected and condemned,' all carcasses and parts thereof of animals found to be unsound, unhealthful, un wholesome, or otherwise unfit for buman food; and all carcasses or parts thereof thus inspected and condemned shall be destroyed for food purposes by the said establishmentin the presence of an inspector, and the Secretary of Agriculture may remove inspectors from any such establishiment which fails to so destroy any such condemned carcass or part thereof, and said inspector's, after said first inspection shall, when they deem it necessary, rejnspect said carcasses or parts thereof to de. termine whether since the first inspection the same have become unsound, unhealthful, unwholesome, or in any way unfit for human food, and if any earçass or any part thereof shall, upon examination and inspectior subsequent to the first examination and inspection, be found to be umsound, unhealthful, unwholesome, or otherwise wfit for human food, it shall be destroyed for food pura poses by the said establishment in the presence of an inspector, and the Secretary of Agriculture may remove inspectors from any establishment which fails to so destroy any such condemned carcass or part thereof,
The foregoing provisions shall apply to all carcasses or parts of carcasses of cattle, sheep, swine, and goats, or the meat or meat products thereof which may be brought into any slaughtering, meatcanning, salting, packing, rendering, or similar establishment, and such examination and inspection shall be had before the said carcasses or parts thereof shall be allowed to enter into any department wherein the same are to be treated and prepared for meat food products; and the foregoing provisions shall also apply to all such products which, after having been issued from any slaughtering, meatcanning, salting, packing, rendering, or similar establishment, shall be returned to the same or to any similar establishment where such inspection is maintained,
“For the purposes hereinbefore set forth the Secretary of Agriculture shall cause to be made by inspectors appointed for that purpose an examination and inspection of all meat food products prepared for inter-Stateor foreign commerce in any slaughtering, meat-canning, saltinig, packing, rendering, or similar establishment, and for the purposes of any examination and inspection said inspectors shall have access at all times, by day or night, whether the establishment be operated or not, to every part of said establishment, and said inspectors shall mark, stamp, tag, or label as 'inspected and passed all such products fonnd to be sound, healthful, and wholesome, and which coutain no dyes chemicals, preservatives, or ingredients which render such meat or meat food products insound, unhealthful, unwholesome, or unfit for human food;
and said inspectors shalllahel, mark, stamp, or tag as 'inspected and condemned' all such products found unsound, unhealthful, and onwlolesome, or which contain dyes, chemicals, preservatives, or ingredients which render such meat or meat food products unsound,
unhealthful, unwholesome, or unfit for human food, and all such condemned meat food products shall be destroyed for food purposes, as hereinbefore provident, and the Secretary of Agriculture may remove inspectors from any establishment which fails to so destroy such
Other sections of the law provide for the sanitary examination of slaughtering, packing, and canning establishments, and the labelling of all such inspected articles of food.
Recory of Events in 1906. Jan. 17. Armand Fallieres wasi elected
April 27. Benjamin Franklin Bi. Centenary President of the French Republie, the bal- was celebrated at Philadelphia. lot in the National Assembly being:
April 28. Stage jubilee of Ellen Terry was liers, 440; Doumer, 371; scattering, 28.
celebrated in London. Jan. 21. King Christian IX. of Denmark
April 29. The International Exhibition at died.
Milan, Italy, was opened. Jan. 22. Steamer Valencia was wrecked
May 2. M. Witte resigned the Russian off Vancouver Island, 129 lives were lost, Premiership. 29 saved.
May 8. Anthracite mi'ners accepted proJan. 23. The Simplon tunnel was opened posals, of the operators in Pennsylvania and to the public.
ended strike. Jan. 23. General Joseph Wheeler died alt May, 10. The Czar opened the first RusNew York.
sian Douma. Jan. 30. King Frederick VIII. acceded to May 14. Carl Schurz died. the throne of Denmark.
May 15. Rev. Dr. Crapsey, Protestant Feb. 10. British battleship Dreadnought Episcopal clergyman of Rochester, N. Y., was launched at Portsmouth.
was found guilty of heresy, Feb. 17. Miss Alice Roosevelt and Rep- May 19. Woman Suffragists made a demresentative Nicholas Longworth, of Ohio, onstration in Lardon. were married at the White House.
May 20-30. Revolutionary disturbances in Feb. 22. The report of the Armstrong Macedonia. Insurance Committee of the New York Legislature was presented.
Henrik Ibsen died in Norway.
May 24. Reunion of Feb. 27. Prince Eitel of Germany ani
the Presbyterian Duchess Sophie of Oldenburg were married
Church (North) and the Cumberland Presbyat Berlin.
terian Church was effected at Des Moines. March 4. Meridian, Miss., was visited by
May 26. International Postage Congress a destructive cyclone.
alt' Rome adjourned. March 7.
May 26. Aug. 30, Strikes, bomb #throwing, The Rouvier Ministry in France
assassinations of officials and other insurresigned
i ctionary disturbances prevailed in Russia March 8. Six hundred Moros were killed and Poland. in battle with American troops and constabulary near Jolo.
May 31. King Alphonso off Spain and the
Princess Victoria of England were married March 10. Mine disaster near Pas-de
at Madrid, Ca'ais, France, killed over 1,000 miners.
June 1. American miners were killed at March 12. United States Supreme Court Colonel W. C. Greene's mines at Canacea, decided that witnesses in anti-trust proceed-'Mexico. ings cannot be excused
June 11. Vice-Presidents Granniss and against their corporations,
Gillette, of the Mutual Life Insurance ComMarch 16. Thirty-five persons killed in
pany, were in licted at New York for fortrain wreck near Adobe, Col., on Denver and gery and perjury. Rio Grande Railroad.
June 11. Public schools, with half a milMarch 17. Earthquake in Formosa killed lion pupils, were upened in the Philippiiies. thousands and destroyed $13,000,000 in prop- June 16. The President signed the Oklaerty.
homa and Arizona Statehood bills. March 19. Ex-Lieutenant Schmidt, the
Jiune 18. Governor Pattison, of Ohio, died. Russian naval mutineer, was executed at
June 21. The United States Senate ap Sevastopol.
'proved of the lock canal for Panama. March 27. The Moroccan conference at June 22. King Haakon VII. and Queen Algeciras reached an agreement on policing Maud of Norway were crowned. Morocco. The conference adjourned April 7.
June 25. Harry K Thaw assassinated March 31. Anthracite imine-workers in Stanford White at New York. Penr:sylvania began a strike.
July 1. Railway wreck at Salisbury, Eng. April 5-12. The volcano of Vesuvius was land, killed twenty-three American passenin violent eruption, causing destruction of gers. lives and property.
July 4. A son to the Crown Prince of April 12. Greene and Gaynor, Government Germany was born. 4 embezzlers, were found guilty at Savannah, July 8. Hostilities broke
out between Ga.
Salvador and Guatemala. April 14. President Roosevelt made an July 12. Alfred Dreyfus was vindicated address at Washington on the “man with by the French court of last resort and rethe muckrake," and advocated an inheri- stored to the army. tance tax.
July 16. Japanese seal poachers were April 18-19. Earthquake and fire destroyed killed in Alaskan waters. à large part of San Francisco. Loss, $400,
July 20. A treaty of peace between Sal. 000 000.
vador, Honduras and Guatemala was signed April 19. Professor Curie, discoverer of ra. at San Jose. dium, was killed by an accident at Paris.
July 21. The Czar dissolved the Russian April 22. The Olympic games began at
Douma. Athens, Greece.
Russell Sage died. April 24. The remains of John Paul July 23. Fourteenth conference of the InJones were reinterred at Annapolis.
ter-Parliamentary Union began in London
RECORD OF EVENTS IN 1906-Continued.
July 23. Members of the dissolved Russian Douma issued a manifesto from Viborg, Finland.
July 23. Pan-American conference of American Republics was opened at Rio de Janeiro. Secretary Root addressed the con. ference July 27.
July 31. Mu'inies of Russian troops Finland suppressed with great loss of life.
Aug. 8. The Standard Oil Company was indicted at Chicago for receiving rebates.
Aug. 13. Riot at Brownsville, Texas, in which negro soldiers of the United States Army killed and wounded several persons.
Aug. 15. King Edward arrived in Berlin on a visit to the Kaiser.
Aug. 16-17, Earthquake and fire at Valparaiso, Chile, caused great loss of life and property.
Aug. 20. Insurrectionary movements in Cuba began.
Aug. 24. The Standard Oil Trust was indiated by a Federal grand jury at Jamestown, N. Y., for accepting unlawful concessions in railroad raites.
Aug. 24. The President ordered a simplified form of spelling in the Government Printing Office. He withdrew the order Dec. 14.
Aug. 25. Bomb explosion in the residence of the Russian Premier, Stolypin, killed and wounded 54 pei'scns.
Aug. 26. Russian General Min was assassinated by a girl at Peterhof.
Aug. 28. The Real Estate Trust Company of Philadelphia failed, with $10,000,000 liabilities.
Aug 30. William J. Bryan arrived in New York from abroad and was given a popular reception.
Sept. 1. The Pope issued an encyclical concerning the law in France separating the Church and State.
Sept. 2. The Emperor of China issued an edict prornising constitutional government.
Sept. 8. Great naval review off Oyster Bay by the President.
Sept. 8. President Palma appealed to the United States for intervention in Cuba.
Sept. 8. Massacre of Jews at Siedlce, Poland.
Sept. 12. Secretary Root visited Lima.
Sept. 13. American marines landed at Havana, but were withdrawn.
Sept. 15. General Dmitri Trepoff, head of the Russian police system, died at Peterhof.
Sept. 15. A statue of George Washington was unveiled at Budapest.
Sept. 18. Hɔng Kong was swept by a disastrous storm, causing great loss of life and property.
Sept. 20. General James F. Smith was installed as Governor of the Philippine Islands. Sept. 22.
Anti-negro riots at Atalanta, Ga., resulted in lynchings. The city was placed under martial law. Sept. 28.
President Palma, of Cuba, resigned.
Sept. 29. Secretary Taft proclaimed United Sitates intervention in Cuba and himself as Provisional Governor.'
Oct. 2. The Sugar Trust was indicted at New York for accepting railroad rebates.
Oct. 6. Automobile race for the Vanderbilt Cup_on Long Island was won by Wag. ner for France.
Oct. 9. Adelaide Ristori died.
Oct. 10. Contractors were invited to submit proposals for the completion of the Panama Canal.
Oct. 12. The Shah opened the first parliament of Persia.
Oct. 12. Charles E. Magoain assumed the Provisional Governorship of Cuba.
Oct. 13. The legislative assembly of Western Australia voted for secession of the State from the Commonwealth of Australia.
Oct. 15. Rehearing in the case of Sena. tor Burton, of Kansas, was denied by the United States Supreme Court, and his imprisonment began.
Oct. 15. Japanese were excluded from the regular public schools of San Francisco.
Oct. 16. Mrs. Jefferson Dayis died.
Oct. 17. The New York Central and Hudson River Railroad was convicted at New York of rebating rates in violation of law.
Oct. 19. The Standard Oil Company, of Ohio, was convicted at Findlay of violat. ing the Ohio anti-trust law.
Oct. 20. The Clemenceau Ministry went into office in France. General Picquart was appointed Minister of War.
Oct. 20. Anti-clerical riots in Valencia, Spain.
Oct. 28. Eight hundred persons were drowned by wrecking of 266 fishing boats off Borto Island, Japan.
Oct. 28. Drawbridge · railroad accident mear Atlantic City, N. J., caused the loss of 70 lives. Nov. 8. President Roosevelt departed on
visit to the Isthmus of Panama. He reached Washington on his return, Nov. 26.
Nov. 15. The President visited the City of Panama, the first time a President of the United States passed beyond the jurisdiction of its flag.
Nov. 18. The Mayor of San Francisco was indicted for extorting money from restaurant keepers.
Nov. 21. Negm batallion in the 25th Inf untry, United States Army, concerned in
he Brownsville, Texas, riots, was dis banded by Presidential order “wilthout honor."
Nov. 21. The President landed in Porto, Rico.
Nov. 29. Wreck on the Southern Railway near Lawyer's, Va., killed President Samuel Spencer and others.
Dec. 11. The law separating Church and State in France took effect.
Dec. 13. The New York “Daily News" suspended publication,
Dec. 13. Emperor William dissolved the German Reichstag for refusing to vote Sup. plies for the war in Southwest Africa.