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The material, moral and intellectual progress of the people of Porto Rico and tho Philippines under American administration is more rapid and substantial than that ever accomplished by any people under similar circumstances. The work of American school teachers, of whom Indiana has furnished more than its quota, is already bearing fruii, and those peoples are also learning modern methods of industry, and for the first time in their history, living under an orderly government of equal laws impartially enforced, while their foreign coinmerce has increased many fold.

Kansas.-We condemn the desecration of the sacredness of Memorial Day set aside by law and sentimentally dedicated to memorial exercises commemorative of the lives, services and sacrifices of our patriotic and heroic dead and pledge our party to the enactment of a law punishing offenders for any desecration of that sacred occasion.

We earnestly indorse the policy of the national Government in the reclamation of the arid and semi-arid land areas of the country by means of irrigation, and request our representatives in Congress to labor diligently for the extension of this beneficent work as rapidly as possible to the end that new homes may be provided for millions of people and the wealth of the nation vastly increased.

Maine-We are in favor of the initiative and referendum as applied to statutes and recommend a constitutional amendment to so provide.

Massachusetts.-We place upon record our sincerest sympathy with the suffering and outraged Jews in Poland and Russia, although with a sense of profound humiliation that our own garments are not free from the innocent blood of Americans of African descent.

The Democratic State Conventions of Alabama, Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, New YorkOhio and Wisconsin; and the Republican State Conventions of Minnesota, Nebraska and South Dakota passed resolutions favoring the election of United States Senators by the direct vote of the people,

The California Republican State Convention favored woman suffrage.
The California Republican Convention also declared for the exclusion of Asiatic labor.

William J. Bryan was indorsed for the next presidency by the Democratic State Conventions of the following States: Alabama, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas, and Wisconsin. The Massachusetts and New York resolutions were as follows:

Massachusetts.--The democracy of Massachusetts is proud to swell the note of praise for the distinguished Nebraskan Democrat, America's great commoner. whose moral leadership has been of world-wide influence and whose voice has been raised for the uplifting of hunanity in every land, whose nomination by our party for the highest office in the nation's gift was proof of our party's wisdom, and whose defeats only endeared him the more to the democracy which admired him for all that it cost him to be right. While William Jennings Bryan lives we shall not want for an exemplar of all that is best and truest in democracy.

New York.-In common with the Democrats of all the States and expressing the sentiment of the highminded citizenship of the republic without reference to party, we view with pride and satisfaction the hospitality and acclaim which have been accorded

home and abroad to that great Democratic leader and typical American, William Jennings Bryan, to whom the Democrats of New York extend most cordial and sincere felicitations,

at

SOCIALIST DEMANDS.

The Illinois State Socialist Convention adopted the following demands in its platform of principles, which are typical of those put forth by conventions of the party in other States.

The complete and untrammelled autonomy of all municipalities and cities; the unemployed shall be hired by the State to build a system of good roads, drainage, forestry, irrigation, etc; the contract system to be abolished in all public work, such

to be done by 'the state or municipality direct; a complete and adequate system of disability and old age pensions; complete, adequate and easily accessible institutions, thoroughly equipped with modern appliances for the care, treatment and maintenance of sick and disabled persons; a graduated income and inheritance tax; homestead exemption from taxation and execution to be increased from $1,000 to $3,000; the personal property exemption to be increased for the head of a family from $400 to $2,000. This shall especially apply to farm tenants, all contracts to the contrary notwithstanding; the abolition of the present archaic and brutal system of treating delinquents (criminals), the same to be replaced by a system of pathological treatment; the abolition of the present penal system, death penalties and isolated confinement; women to have equal political rights with men; adequate free State employment agencies; the repeal of the conspiracy and anti-boycott laws, and the abolition of the injunction and blacklist system as a means of strike-breaking, trial by jury in all cases where a person may, upon conviction or judgment, be deprived of personal liberty; adequate inspection of all factories and institutions that employ labor; the initiative, referendum and imperative mandate; local option on taxation; State ownership of the coal mines, grain elevators and interurban electric service; the establishment and the State ownership and operation of a savings bank, the funds of the same to be loaned preferably to the municipalities, counties and townships within the State, or invested in public industries; the State ownership and control of the liquor traffic. The establishment. State ownership and operation of savings banks, the funds of the same to be loaned preferably to municipalities, counties or townships within the State, or invested in public State institutions. The enactment of a fellow servants' law fixing the employer's liability for the negligence of fellow employees. An enactment requiring employers, when advertising, for help during a strike on their premises to state in their advertisement that a strike is on, Unemployed to be hired by the State to build sa-stems of good roads, drainage, forestry and irrigation.

The Presidential Election of 1908.

4

THE next Presidential election will take place on Tuesday, November 3, 1908.

The President and Vice-President of the United States are chosen by officials termed "Electors' in each State, who are, under existing State laws, chosen by the qualified voters thereof by ballot, on the first Tuesday after the tirst Monday of November in every fourth year preceding

the year in which the Presidential term expires.

The Constitution of the United States prescribes that each State shall "appoint,"' in such manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a number of electors equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in Congress; but no Senator or Representative or person holding an office of trust or profit under the United States shall be an elector. The Constitution requires that the day when electors are chosen shall be the same throughout the United States. At the beginning of our Government most of the electors were chosen by the Legislatures of their respective States, the people having no direct participation in their choice; and one State, South Carolina, continued that practice down to the breaking out of the Civil War. But in all the States now the electors are, under the direction of State laws, chosen by the people on a general State ticket.

The manner in which the chosen electors meet and ballot for a President and Vice-President of the United States is provided for in Article XII. of the Constitution, and is as follows:

The electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice-President; and they shall make distinct sists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit, sealed, to the seat of government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate.

The same article then prescribes the mode in which the Congress shall count the ballots of the electors, and announce the result thereof, which is as follows:

The President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted; the person having the greatest number of votes for President shall be President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers, pot exceeding three, on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President the votes shall be taken by States, the representation from each State having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the States, and majority of all the States shall be necessary to a choice. And if the House of Representatives shall not choose a President, whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President. The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice-President shall be the Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed ; and if no person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the list the Senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice.

The procedure of the two houses, in case the returns of the election of electors from any State are disputed, is provided in the "Electoral Count'' act, passed by the Forty-ninth Congress. The act directs that the Presidential electors shall meet and give their votes on the second Monday in January next following their election. It fixes the time when Congress shall be in session to count the ballots as the second Wednesday in February succeeding the meeting of the electors.

The Constitution also defines who is eligible for President of the United States, as follows:

No person except a natural-born citizen or a citizen of the United States at the time of the adoption of this Constitution shall be eligible to the office of President; neither shall any person be eligible to that office who shall not have attained to the age of thirty-five years. The qualifications for Vice-President are the same.

The Electoral Vote. THE following will be the electoral vote of the States in 1908 as based upon the Apportionment act of 1900: Electoral

Electoral STATES.

Electoral

Electoral
STATES.
Votes.

STATES.

STATES.
Votes.

Votes. Alabama..

11
Kansas...
10 Nevada...

South Dakota...
Arkansas.

Kentucky.

13
New Hampshire

Tennessee.

12 California 10 Louisiana..

New Jersey.

12
Texas.

18 Colorado.

Maine.
6 New York.

39

Utah...
Connecticut.

7
Maryland..

North Carolina.

12

Vermont.
Delaware,

Massachusetts.
16 North Dakota....

Virginia.

12 Florida....

Michigan..

14
Ohio..
23 Washington.

5 Georgia

13
Minnesota.
Oklahoma.

West Virginia.
Idaho.

Mississippi.
10 Oregon

Wisconsin.
Illinois..
27 Missouri
18 Pennsylvania..

34 Wyoming... Indiana...

Montana,

3
Rhode Island..

4
Total..

483 Iowa. 13 Nebraska. 8 Sonth Carolina...

9 Electoral votes necessary to a choice.....

.242 Oklahoma will come into the Union before the next Presidential election with seven electoral votes, which are included in the above enumeration. Were Arizona and New Mexico to be admitted as the State of Arizona before 1908, the new State would have four electoral votes. In that case the total number of electoral votes at the Presidential election of 1908 would be 487, and the number necessary to a choice 244. Arizona having at the election in 1906 rejected the joint statehood act of Congress, the admission of the new State will probably be delayed beyond 1908 and possibly for many years,

REFERENCE NOTES TO THE TWO FOLLOWING PAGES. * The candidates starred were elected. (a) The first Republican Party is claimed by the present Democratic Party as its progenitor. (b) No candidate having a majority of the electoral vote, the House of Representatives elected Adams. (c) Candidate of the Anti-Masonic Party. (d) There being no choice, the Senate elected Johnson. (e) Eleven Southern States, being within the belligerent territory, did not vote. (f) Three Southern States disfranchised. (g) Horace Greeley died after election, and DemoPratic electors scattered their votes. (h) There being a dispute over the electoral vote of Florida, Louisiana, Oregon, and South Carolina, they were referred by Congress to an electoral commission composed of eight Republicans and seven Democrats, which, by a strict party vote, awarded 185 electoral votes to Hayes and 184 to Tilden. (i) Free Democrat. (j) Free Silver Prohibition Party. (k) In Massachusetts. There was also a Native American ticket in that state, which received 184 votes. (m) Middle of the Road or Anti-Fusion People's Party. (n) United Christian Party. (o) Union Reform Party,

For popular and electoral vote by States in 1900 and 1904 consult Indez.

[graphic]

Presidential Elections

FROM 1789 TO 1904. AGGREGATE POPULAR VOTE AND ELECTORAL VOTE FOR CANDIDATES FOR PRESI

DENT AND VICE-PRESIDENT AT EACH ELECTION. Note. There is, properly speaking, no popular vote for President and Vice-President; the people vote for electors, and those chosen in eich State ineet therein and vote for the candidates for President and Vice-President. The record of any popular vote for electors prior to 1824 is so meagre and imperfect that a compilation would be useless. In most of the States, for more than a quarter century following the establishment of the Government, the State Legislatures "appointed "the Presidential electors, and the people therefore voted only indirectly for them, their choice being expressed by their votes for members of the Legislature. In this tabulation only the aggregate electoral votes for candidates for President and Vice-President in the first nine quadrennial elections appear.

ELECTORAL VOTES. 1789. Previous to 101, each elector voted for two candidates for President. The one who received the largest number of votes was declared President, and the one who received the next largest number of votes was declared Vice-President. The electoral votes for the first President of the United States were : George Washington, 69; John Adams, of Massachusetts, 34 ; John Jay, of New York, 9 ; R. H. Harrison, of Maryland, 6; John Rutledge, of South Carolina, 6; John Hancock, of Massachusetts, 4; George Clinton, of New York, 3; Samuel Huntingdon, of Connecticut, 2, John Milton, of Georgia, 2 , James Arm strong, of Georgia; Benjamin Lincoln, of Massachusetts, and Edward Telfair, of Georgia, 1 vote each. Vacancies (votes not cast), 4. George Washington was chosen President and John Adams Vice-President.

1792. George Washington, Federalist, received 132 votes; John Adams, Federalist, 71; George Clinton, of New York, Republican (a), 50 ; Thoinas Jefferson, of Virginia, Republican, 4; Aaron Burr, of New York, Republican, 1 vote. Våcancies, 3. 'George Washington was chosen President and John Adains Vice-President.

1796. John Adams, Federalist, 71 ; Thomas Jefferson, Republican, 68 ; Thomas Pinckney, of South Carolina, Federalist, 59 ; Aaron Burr, of New York, Republican, 30; Samuel Adams, of Massachusetts, Republican, 15; Oliver Ellsworth, of Connecticut, Independent, 11, George Clinton, of New York, Republican, ?; John Jay, of New York, Federalist, 5; James Iredell, of North Carolina, Federalist, 3; George Washington, of Virginia ; John Henry, of Maryland, and S. Johnson, of North Carolina, all Federalists, 2 vots each; Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, of South Carolina, Federalist, 1 vote. John Adams was chosen President and Thomas Jefferson Vice-President.

1800. Thomas Jefferson, Republican, 73; Aaron Burr, Republican, 73, John Adams, Federalist, 65; Charles C. Pinckney, Federalist, 64; John Jay, Federalist, 1 vote. There being a tie vote for Jefferson and Burr, the choice devolved upon the House of Representatives. Jefferson received the votes of ten States, which, being the largest vote cast for a candidate, elected him President. Burr received the votes of four States, which, being the next largest vote, elected him Vice-President. There were 2 blank votes.

1804. The Constitution of the United States having been amended, the electors at this election voted for a President and a Vice-President, instead of for two candidates for President. The result was as follows: For President, Thomas Jefferson, Republican, 162 ; Charles C. Pinckney, Federalist, 14., For Vice-President, George Clinton, Republican, 162; Rufus King, of New York, Federalist, 14. Jefferson was chosen President and Clinton Vice-President.

1808. For President, James Madison, of Virginia, Republican, 122 ; Charles C. Pinckney, of South Carolina, Federalist, 47 ; George Clinton, of New York, Republican, 6. For Vice-President, George Clinton, Republican, 113; Rufus King, of New York, Federalist, 47; John Langdon, of New Hampshire, 9; James Madison, 3; James Monroe, 3. Vacancy, l. Madison was chosen President and Clinton Vice-President.

1812. For President, James Madison, Republican, 128; De Witt Clinton, of New York, Federalist, 89. For Vice-President, Elbridge Gerry, of Massachusetts, 131; Jared Ingersoll, of Pennsylvania, Federalist, 86. Vacancy, 1. Madison was chosen President and Gerry Vice-President.

1816. For President, James Monroe, of Virginia, Republican, 183; Rufus King, of New York, Federalist, 34. For VicePresident, Daniel D. Tompkins, of New York, Republican, 183; John Eager Howard, of Maryland, Federalist, 22; James Ross, of Pennsylvania, 5; John Marshall, of Virginia, 4; Robert G. Harper, of Maryland, 3. Vacancies, 4. Monroe was chosen President and Tompkins Vice-President.

1820. For President, James Monroe, of Virginia, Republican, 231; John Q. Adams, of Massachusetts, Republican, 1. For Vice-President, Daniel D. Tompkins, Republican, 218; Richard Stockton, of New Jersey, 8; Daniel Rodney, of Delaware, 4; Robert G. Harper, of Maryland, and Richard Rush, of Pennsylvania, 1 vote each. Vacancies, 3. James Monroe was chosen President and Daniel D. Tompkins Vice-President.

ELECTORAL AND POPULAR VOTES.

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Elec-

Polit- Eloc-
Plu-
Popular

Candidates for
ical
States,

toral

States.

ical toral Vice-President rality, Party, Vote.

Party. Vote. Tenn.. Rep.. 155,872 50,551 (6) 99 John C. Calhoun S.C... Rep...

182 Mass.. Rep 105,321 84 Nathan Sanford.

N. Y.. Rep.

30 Ky Rep.. 46,587

87 Nathaniel Macon.. N. C.. Rep 24 G&... Rep... 44,282

41 Andrew Jackson. Tenn.. Rep. 13 M. Van Buren,

N. Y.. Rep...

9 Henry Clay...

Ky ... Rep... 2 Tenn.. Dem 641,231 138,134 178 John C. Calhoun* S.C... Dem 171 Mass.. Nat. R, 509,097

83 Richard Rush.

Pa .... Nat, R, 83 William Smith

S.C... Dem.. 7 Tenn.. Dem 687,502 157,313 219 M. Van Buren*.

N, Y.. Dem 189 Nat. R. 530,189

49 John Sergeant. Pa .... Nat. R. 49 Ind..

11 Henry Lee...

Mass.. Ind

11 Md.... Anti-M 33,108 7 Amos Ellinaker (c).. Pa .... Anti-M

7 Wm. Wilkins...

Pa...

30 NÀY..]Den 761,549 24,893 170 R, M. Johnson (d)*

147 0....

73 Francis Granger.

N. Y.. Whig..

77 Tenn.. Whig..

26 John Tyler.

Va..... Whig.. 47 Mass.. Whig.. 736,656 14 William Smith.

Ala... Dem.. 23
N, C.. Whig..

11
0.
Whig.. 1,275,017 146,315 234 John Tyler*.

Va..... Whig. 234
N, Y.. Demn .. 1,128,702

60 R, M. Johnson.

Ky...

48 N, Ý..]Lib 7,059 L, W. Tazewell.

11 James K. Polk.

Tenn.. Dem .. 1
Thomas Earle

Pa .... Lib...
Tenn.. Dem .. 1,337,243 38,175 170 George M, Dallas*.:. Pa.

Dem

170 Ky.... Whig.. 1,299,068

105 T, Frelinghuysen...... N. J... Whig . 105 IN Y.JLib 62,800

Thomas Morris..

..... Lib....)

Ky...
Ga...

Dem.. Dem..

1836..

Ky...

Whig..

Martin Van Buren*
W. H. Harrison..
Hugh L. White.
Daniel Webster.
Willie P. Mangum.
W.H. Harrison*
Martin Van Buren.
James G. Birnay.

1840

Va....

Dem.
Dem

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PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS--Continued.

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Ala ...

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KY

Pro....

Polit-
Candidates for

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Plu

ical Year of Election,

Popular

Candidates for
States.

toral

States. ical
President.

toral
Vote.
Party.

Vice-President. rality.

Party. Vote. 1848.

La
Zachary Taylor*.
Whig. 1,360,101 139,557 163 Millard Fillmore*.

163

N. Y.. Whig
Lewis Cass..

Mich..
Dem
1,220,544
127 William O, Butler Ку..

127 Martin Van Buren.

N. Y. F. Soil.
291,263

Charles F, Adams.. Mass.. F. Soil. 1852. Franklin Pierce* N, H..] em . 1,601,474 220,896 254 William R. King*

Dem

254 Winfield Scott... N, J.. Whig: 1,380,576

42 William A, Graham. N, C.. Whig

42 John P. Hale.

NOH.. F.D.(i)
156,149

George W. Julian.. Ind,... FD...
Daniel Webster (k). Mass.. Whig..

1,670 1856. James Buchanan*.

Dem.. 1,838,169 496,905 174 J. C, Breckinridge*. Ky.... Dem.. 174 John C. Fremont. Cal, Rep ... 1,341,264

114 William L, Dayton.. N.J... Rep

114 Millard Fillmore.. N, Y..Amer.. 874,538

8 A, J. Donelson. Tenn.. Amer.. 8 1860. Abraham Lincoln Ili Rep... 1,866,352 491,195 180 Hannibal Hamlin*

Me.... Rep...

180 Stephen A. Douglas mi Dem

1,375,157

12 H, V. Johnson... Ga.... Dem.. 12 J.C. Breckinridge. Ky

845, 763
72 Joseph Lane...

Ore,... Dem..

72 John Bell.

Tenn. Union,
589,581

39 Edward Everett. Mass.. Union. 39 1864. Abraham Lincoln IN Rep... 2,216,067 407,342 e 212 Andrew Johnson

Tenn.. Rep ..

212 George B. McClellan. N.J... Dem .. 1,808,725 21 George H, Pendleton.. O...... Dem..

21 1868. Ulysses S. Grant*. I Rep... 3,015,071 305,456 f214 Schuyler Colfax*

Ind.... Rep..

214 Horatio Seymour. N, Y... Dem .. 2,709,615

80 F. P. Blair, Jr.. Mo.... Dem .. 80 1872. Ulysses S. Grant* II

Rep
3,597,070 762,991 286 Henry Wilson*.

Mass.. Rep..

286 Horace Greeley. N, Y.. D.& L. 2,834,079

B. Gratz Brown..

Mo.... D. & L, 47 Charles O'Conor. N, Y..Dem .. 29,408

John Q. Adams.. Mass.. Dem .. James Black..... Pa .... Temp. 5,608

John Russell.

Mich.. Temp. Thomas A, Hendricks.. Ind.... Dem ..

42 George W. Julian. Ind.... Lib.... B, Gratz Brown.. Mo Dem

18 A, H, Colquitt.

Ga.... Dem..
Charles J. Jenkins.. Ga

2 John M. Palmer.. Il
David Davis..... III
Ind....

1 T, E. Bramlette.

Ky..
W. S. Groesbeck.. 10.. Dem
Willis B. Machen. Ky..

Dem..

N, P, Banks..... Mass.. Lib.... 1876...... Samuel J. Tilden. N, Y..Dem .. 4,284,885 250,935 184 T, A. Hendricks, Ind.... Dem..

184 Rutherford B. Hayes*. 0 Rep... 4,033,950 h 185 William_A, Wheeler*.. N. Y.. Rep..

185 Peter Cooper....

N, Y..Gre'nb
81,740
Samuel F. Cary.

O

.... Gre'nb Green Clay Smith.

9,522

Gideon T. Stewart 0..... Pro.... James B. Walker.. nr. Amer..

2,636

D. Kirkpatrick.. N. Y.. Amer.. 1880. James A. Garfield* 0. Rep 4,449,053 7,018 214 Chester A. Arthur*.

N. Y.. Rep

214 W.S, Hancock..

Pa...
Dem ..4,442,035

155 William H. English. Ind.... Dem 155 James B. Weaver.

Iowa... Gre'nb
307,306

B. J. Chambers.. Tex... Gre'nb
Neal Dow.
Ma.... Pro.... 10,305

H. A. Thompson.

0..

Pro.... John W. Phelps. Vt..... Amer.. 707

S. C. Pomeroy. Kan... Amer.. 1884.. Grover Cleveland N, Y.. Dein .. 4,911,017 62,683 219 T. A. Hendricks*. Ind,... Dem..

219 James G. Blaine.. Me.... Rep 4,848,334

182 John A, Logan.. Il .... Rep ..

182 John P. St. John. Kan... Pro,...

151,809

William Daniel. Md.... Pro....
Benjamin F, Butler..
Mass. Gre'nb 133,825

A, M, West.

Miss. Gre'nb P, D, Wigginton.. Cal... Amer.. 1888.. Grover Cleveland. N, Y, Dem 5,538,233 98,017 168 Allen G. Thurman.

168 Benjamin Harrison*

Rep... 5,440,216

233 Levi P, Morton* N. Y.. Rep 233 Clinton B, Fisk... N. J... Pro.... 249,907

John A, Brooks.. Mo.... Pro...
Alson J. Streeter.

U. L..
148, 105

C, E, Cunningham. Ark ... U. L...
R, H, Cowdry... M

U'd L.
2,808

W, H, T, Wakefield... Kan... Uld L.
James L, Curtis.. N. Y.. Amer.. 1,591

James B, Greer... Tenn.. Amer.. 1892.. Grover Cleveland* N, Y.]Dem 5,556,918 380,810 277 Adlai E, Stevenson*

277 Benjamin Harrison Ind ... Rep... 5,176,108

145 Whitelaw Reid..

N, Y.. Rep..

145 James B. Weaver. Iowa... Peop.. 1,041,028

22 James G. Field.

Va..... Peop..

22 John Bidwell...

Cal..
264,133

James B. Crap till Tex.... Pro....
Simon Wing...

Mass.. Soc. L.
21,164

Charles H. Matchett... N, Y. . Soc. L.
William McKinley*. 0. Rep... 7,104,779 601,854 271 Garret A. Hobart*..

N.J... Rep...

271 William J. Bryan Neb... Dem.)

176 Arthur Sewall.

Me.... Dem.. 149
William J. Bryan.. Neb... Peops

6,502,925
Thomas E. Watson.. Ga.... Peop...

27
Joshua Levering.
Md... Pro.... 132,007

Hale Johnson.

Ill,.... Pro....
John M. Palmer.. M.... N. Dem

133,148
Simon B. Buckner.

Ky. N. Dem
Charles H. Matchett.. N. Y..Soc, L.

36,274

Matthew Maguire.... N. J... Soc. L.
Charles E. Bentley..
Neb... Nat. (j) 13,969

James H. Southgate N.C... Nat. (j) 1900. Williain McKinley* 0...... Rep... 7,207,923 849,790 292 Theodore Roosevelt*...

N. Y.. Rep...

292 William J. Bryan... Neb... Dem. P 6,358,133

155 Adlai E. Stevenson

111...

Dem.P 155 John G. Woolley. 11 .... Pro.... 208,914

Henry B. Metcalf.

0.... Pro.... Wharton Barker.. Pa..... MP(m) 50,373

Ignatius Donnelly. Min.. MP(m) Eugene V. Debs.. Ind.... Soc.D. 87,811

Job Harriman... Cal.... Soc.D.
Jos. F. Malloney. Mass.. Soc. L. 39,739

Valentine Remmel.. Pa. Soc. L.
J. F. R. Leonard..
U C(n) 1,059

John G, Woolley.. Ill..... UC(n)
Seth H. Ellis.... 0......UR (0) 5,698

Samuel T. Nicholson.. Pa ....UR (0) Theodore Roosevelt*... N. Y.. Rep.... 7,623,486 2,545,515 336 Charles W. Fairbanks* Ind.... Rep... 336 Alton B. Parker.. N. Y.. Dein .. 5,677,971

140 Henry G. Davis..... W.Va.. Dem.. 140 Eugene V. Debs. Ind.... Soc....

402,683

Benjamin Hanford.. N. Y..Soc.... Silas C. Swallow.... Pa. Pro.... 258,536

George W. Carroll.... Tex... Pro.... Thomas E. Watson.... Ga..... Peop.. 117,183

Thomas II, Tibbles Neb... Peop. Charles H. Corrigan...N, Y., Soc. L. 31,249

William W. Cox... 11. Soc. L

0...

Dem..

Ind..

:::

Dem ..

Pro....

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1895.

Is...

1904........

* The candidates starred were elected.

For Reference Notes to these Tables see page 119, For popular and electoral votes by States in 1900 and 1904 consult Index.

Presidents of the United States.

Year.

Year.

Year.

1797

Va...

Va...
Mass...

Dem..
Dem..

Va...

Dein ..

Dem..

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1861

Dem ..

Paternal

Inaugurated.

Resi-
NAME.
Birthplace.

Politics Place of Death.
Ancestry. dence.

Age. 11 George Washington.. Westmoreland Co., Va. 1732 English Va....

1789

57 Fed ... Mt. Vernon, Va.. 1799 2 John Adams.. Quincy, Mass.. 1735 English Mass..

62 Fed ... Quincy, Mass... 1826 90 3 Thomas Jefferson. Shadwell, Va... 1743 Welsh.

1801 58

Rep... Monticello, Va.. 1826 83 4 James Madison.. Port Conway, Va... 1751 English

Va...

1809 58 Rep... Montpelier, Va.. 1836 85 5 Jarnes Monroe.... Westmoreland Co., Va. 1758 Scotch.

1817 59 Rep.... New York City.. 1831 13 6 John Quincy Adams.. Quincy, Mass. 1767 English

1825 58 Rep. I.. Washington, D. C... 1848 80 7 Andrew Jackson.... Union Co., N. C.*. 1767 Scotch-Irish. Tenn 1829 62

Hermitage, Tenn. 1845 78 8 Martin Van Buren..... Kinderhook, N. Y.. 1782 Dutch... N. Y... 1837 55

Lindenwold, N. Y.. 1862 79 9 William H. Harrison... Berkeley, Va.. 1773 English 0.. 1841 68

Whig.. Washington, D. C.. 184168 10 John Tyler.. Greenway, Va. (1790 English

1841 51

Richmond, Va.. 1862 72 11 James K. Polk.

Mecklenburg Co., N. C. 1795 Scotch-Irish. Tenn 1845 50 Dem Nashville, Tenn. 1849 53 12 Zachary Taylor Orange Co., Va..

1784 English La

1849 65 Whig.. Washington, D. C.... 1850 65 13 Millard Fillmore.. Summerhill, N. Y... 1800 English N. Y....

1850 50 Whig.. Buffalo, N. Y.

1874 74 14 Franklin Pierce.. Hillsboro, N. H. 1804 English N. H.. 1853 49

Concord, N, H. 1869 64 15 James Buchanan.. Cove Gap, Pa.. 1791 Scotch-Irish. Pa... 1857 66 Dem Wheatland, Pa.. 1868 77 16 Abraham Lincoln.. Larue Co., Ky. 1809 English

52 Rep.... Washington, D. C... 1865 56 17 Andrew Johnson...

Raleigh, K. Č.
1808 English Tenn

1865

57

Rep.... Carter's Depot, Tenn. 1875 66 18 Ulysses S. Grant.. Point Pleasant, o. 1822 Scotch.. D. C... 1869 47 Rep.... Mt. McGregor, N. Y.. 1885 63 19 Rutherford B. Hayes. Delaware, 0..

1822 Scotch 0
1877 54 Rep.... Fremont, 0..

1893 76 20 James A. Garfield. Cuyahoga Co., 0.. 1831 English O

1881 49 Rep.... 'Long Branch, NJ... 1881 49 21 Chester A. Arthur. Fairfield, Vt.

1830 Scotch-Irish. N. Y....

1881

51 Rep.... New York City. 1886 56 22 Grover Cleveland. Caldwell, N.J. 1837 English N. Y....

1885 48

Dem.. 23. Benjamin Harrison... North Bend, O. 1833 English Ind 1889

Rep.... Indianapolis, Ind.... 1901 67 24 Grover Cleveland. Caldwell, N.J. 1837 English N. Y... 1893 56 25 William McKinley Niles, o.

1843 Scotch-Irish.O.. 1897 54 Rep... Buffalo, N. Y. 1901 58 26 Theodore Roosevelt.... New York City. 1858 Dutch.. IN. Y 1901

43 Rep... * Jackson called himself a South Carolinian and his biographer, Kendall, recorded his birthplace in Lancaster County, S. C., but Parton has published documentary evidence to show that Jackson was born in Union County, N. C., less than a quarter mile from the South Carolina line. † The Democratic party of to-day claims lineal descent from the first Republican party and President Jefferson as its founder. Political parties were disorganized at the time of the election of John Quincy Adams. He claimed to be a Republican, but his doctrines were decidedly Federalistic. The opposition to his Administration took the name of Democrats and elected Jackson President. More details of the lives of the Presidents were given in THE WORLD Almanac for 1902, pages 118 and 119.

The Presidential Succession. THE Presidential succession is fixed by chapter 4 of the acts of the Forty-ninth Congress, first session. In case of the removal, death, resignation, or inability of both the President and Vice-President, then the Secretary of State shall act as President until the disability of the President or Vice-President is removed or a President is elected. If there be no Secretary of State, then the Secretary of the Treasury will act; and the remainder of the order of succession is as follows: The Secretary of War, Attorney-General, Postmaster-General, Secretary of the Navy, and Secretary of the Interior. The Secretary of Agriculture and Secretary of Commerce and Labor were added by subsequent enactment. The acting President must, upon taking office, convene Congress, if not at the time in session, in extraordinary session, giving twenty days' notice. This act applies only to such Cabinet officers as shall have been confirmed by the Senate, and are eligible under the Constitution to the Presidency. Justices of the United States Supreme Court.

(Names of the Chief Justices in italics.)
SERVICE.

SERVICE,
NAME.

Born. Died.
NAME.

Born. Died.
Term.

Term. John Jay, N. Y

1789-1795 61745 1829|Levi Woodbury, N. H...... 1845-1851 61789 1851 John Rutledge, S. C......... 1789-1791 2 1739 1800 Robert C. Grier, Pa..... 1846-1870 23 1794 1870 William Cushing, Mass... 1789-1810 21 1733 1810 Benj. R. Curtis, Mass....... 1851-1857 6 1809 1874 James Wilson, Þa... 1789-1798 91742 1798 John A. Campbell, Ala... 1853-1861 8 1811 1889 John Blair, Va....

1789-1796 71732 1800 Nathan Clifford, Me... 1858-1881 23 1803 1881 Robert H. Harrison, Md.. 1789-1790 1 1745 1790 Noah H. Swayne, Ohio..... 1861-1881 20 1804 1884 James Iredeli, N. C......... 1790-1799 9 1751 1799 Samuel F. Miller, Iowa... 1862-1890 28 1816 1890 Thomas Johnson, Md...... 1791-1793 21732 1819 David Davis, Ill...

1862-1877 15 1815 1886 William Paterson, N. J.. 1793-1806 13 1745 1806 Stephen J. Field, Cal...... 1863-1897 34 1816 1899 John Rutledge, S. C.......... 1795-1795 1739/1800||Salmon P. Chase, Ohio.... 1864-1873 9 1808 1873 Samuel Chase, Md.

1796-1811 15 1741 1811 William Strong, Pa..... 1870-1880 10 1808 1895 Oliver Ellsworth, Ct......... 1796-1800 4 1745 1807||Joseph P. Bradley, N. J... 1870-1892 22 1813 1892 Bushrod Washington, Va. 1798-1829 31 1762 1829 Ward Hunt, N. Y

1872-1882 10 1811 1886 Alfred Moore, N. C......... 1799-1804 51755 1810||Morrison R. Waite, Ohio... 1874-1888 14 1816 1883 John Marshall, Va....... 1801-1835 34 1755 1835 John M. Harlan, Ky. 1877

1833 William Johnson, S. C.... 1804-1834 30 1771 1834 William B. Woods, Ga..... 1880-1887 71824 1887 Brock, Livingston, N. Y.. 1806-1823 17 1757 1823 Stanley Matthews, Ohio... 1881-1889 81824 1889 Thomas Todd, Ky... 1807-1826 19 1765 1826 Horace Gray, Mass...... 1881-1902 21 1828 1962 Joseph Story, Mass. 1811-1845 34 1779 1845 |Samuel Blatchford, N. Y.. 1882-1893 11 1820 1893 Gabriel Duval, Md........... 1811-1836 25 1752 1844 Lucius Q.C. Lamar, Miss... 1888-1893 5 1825 1893 Smith Thompson, N. Y... 1823-1843 20 1767 1843 Melville W. Fuller, Ill...... 1888

1833 Robert Trimble, Ky. 1826-1828 2 1777 1828 David J. Brewer, Kan..... 1889

1837 John McLean, Ohio........... 1829-1861 32 1785 1861 Henry B. Brown, Mich... 1890-1906 61836 Henry Baldwin, Pa.... 1830-1844 14 1779 1844||George Shiras, Jr., Pa...... 1892-1903 11 1832 James M. Wayne, Ga... 1835-1867,32 1790 1867 |Howell E.Jackson, Tenn. 1893-1895 21832 1895 Roger B. Taney, Md.. 1836-1864 28 1777|1864 Edward D. White, La...... 1893

1845 Philip P. Barbour, Va.... 1836-1841 51783 1841 Rufus W. Peckham, N.Y. 1895

1838 John Catron, Tenn..... 1837-1865 28 1786 1865 Joseph McKenna, Cal...... 1898

1843 John McKin y, Ala.. ..... 1837-1852 15 1780 1852 Oliver W. Holmes, Mass. 1902

1841 Peter V. Daniel, Va......... 1841-1860 19 1785 1860||William R. Day, Ohio... 1903

1849 Samuel Nelson, N. Y ...... 1845-1872'27'1792 1873|| William H. Moody, Mass. 1906

1853

...

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