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dustrial competition, We, therefore, demand a rigid enforcement of all laws enacted for the prevention of trusts and combines, and a speedy trial and punishment of persons engaged in their violation.
Wisconsin.-We demand a strict enforcement of existing civil and criminal statutes against all trusts, combinations, and monopolies.
REPUBLICAN CONVENTIONS. California.-That we further recognize and commend the prompt, persistent and effective action of the President and his Cabinent advisers in their efforts to bring to just punishment representatives of trust organizations, who have been constantly evading the provisions of the United States laws.
Indiana.-We favor the enforcement of laws to protect the people against the encroachments of combined capital. We realize that capital must unite in a lawful way to conduct successfully our modern industries and commerce, and we believe in protecting it in its legitimate functions. We indorse the actions of President Roosevelt in rigidly enforcing the Anti-Trust laws placed upon the statute books of the United States by the Republican party.
Kansas. - The Legislature, by its fearless policy of legislation in relation to the oil and gas interests of Kansas and by its wise enactments curbed the power of the Oil trust and established competition in the retining and sale of oils, so that we now have prosperous, independent refineries, and incited that revolt which, spreading over the entire country, bids fair to end the merciless' and unscrupulous reign of Standard Oil oppression,
Ohio.-The Republican party has enacted all the effective legislation in restraint of monopolies, trusts and unlawful combines, and to prevent railway and other trade discriminations, and will provide such further enactments as experience proves necessary for the correction of private or corporate abuse. We rejoice in the awakening of public conscience to the dangers of inordinate wealth lawlessly used, along with that wholesome public opinion that is made effective in the fearless enforcement of the law,
Pennsylvania.-We believe in publicity of the affairs and management of the great corporations, particularly those which are common carriers, or which deal in the staples or necessaries of life, and we demand such governmental inspection, supervision or regulation of such corporations as will give accurate knowledge of their financial condition and business methods, afford means for easily detecting dishonest management and protect the public from imposition. We further commend the President for his unreasing efforts to obtain such publicity, inspection and regulation, and for his fearlessness and impartiality in carrying out the laws enacted during his administration. The results thus far obtained show that an aroused, intelligent public opinion, demanding that the same rules of honesty be applied in business as in private life, will do much to correct industrial abuses and compel further needless legislation.
South Dakota.-In the midst of our prosperity great combinations have been formed to destroy competition in the various industries and monopolize the trade and commerce of the country, and new problems have come which require the wisest statesmanship and purest integrity and patriotism for their solution. In this emergency, as in those of the past, the hand of Providence is manifest. It gave us Washington and Lincoln to meet the great problems of their day, and it has given us our illustrious Roosevelt, who stands at the head of the nation as a wise and courageous champion of the rights of a free people, tighting the battle against special interests that seek to control the political affairs of the country.
REGULATION OF RAILROADS.
DEMOCRATIO CONVENTIONS. Alabama.-We recognize that railroads and public service corporations are entitled to just returns from their investments in this State, provided extortionate rates are not required of our people. In all their legitimate interests such corporations are entitled to protection by law. We recognize the right of all corporations, which conform to our laws, to do business in this State; their rights and privileges will be protected in the same measure as the rights and privileges of private citizens and private corporations, and we pledge the faith of the Democratic party of Alabama to the full protection of all corporations in the proper exercise of their lawful functions. We further demand legislation fixing & maximum freight rate not to exceed the present freight rate in this state, and the establishment by law of a freight rate on all the articles of common manufacture, production, consumption and use not to exceed the present classification and rate of such articles in the State of Georgia -- which rates shall not be increased, but may be reduced by the Railroad Commission of this State, or by the carriers themselves. We demand legislation requiring common carriers to supply shippers, without discrimination, with adequate facilities for the prompt moving of their freight, and the imposition of such penalties on said carriers as will force them to supply such means of transportation and prevent discrimination.
Georgia. -The great transportation companies have issued millions of dollars of stocks and bonds in excess of the money put into their properties, and they are taxing the industries of the people to pay dividends on fictitious securities. We urge the next Democratic National Convention to make this condition of affairs an issue before the people to the end that the evils complained of many be remedied. We recognize the rights of the railroads to a reasonable profit upon their investments, We recognize their right to protection by law in all of their legitimate interests. We make no attack upon their right to do business and earn such rights, and we pledge the good faith of the Democratic party of Georgia to the fullest protection of these corporations in the legitimate exercise of their privilegesand the protection of their property, but we deny their right to discriminate against the people
of Georgia by first establishing a monopoly of the transportation lines, and then, through the power of such monopoly, exacting higher rates than are charged elsewhere for the purpose of paying dividends upon watered stocks and fictitious securities. We demand an immediate levelling of inter-state rates to the basis of yielding no more than a reasonable return on the money invested; and the abolishment of all discriminations against the people of this state in favor of the people of other States. We demand the immediate repeal of all preferential rates above the standard tariff which the main railroad systems of Georgia are permitted to charge.
Illinois. We believe in the enactment of a railroad rate bill that adequately protects the producer and shipper alike, and we commend the Democratic Senators who stood ready to co-operate with President Roosevelt in the passage of such a bill, and regret that opposition from leading and controlling Senators forced the President to accept a bill that is full of pitfalls and productive of delays which will practically defeat the beneficent purposes of the legislature.
Indiana-We demand a just restriction of the power of all public service corporations, such as railroads, express and telegraph companies, and that they be kept strictly within their legitimate rights, and we favor suca control and regulation of the charges of such corporations as will give the public adequate and efficient service at the lowest possible rate and enable those corporations to pay liberal wages to their employés.
Iowa.-We are in favor of such railroad-rate regulation in the State of Iowa as will give equivalent rates and service to that afforded by the interstate commerce act, and we are opposed to the present legislation in force, discriminating, as it does, against local Iowa industries, and declare in favor of such legislation as will give competition to all competitive points in Iowa, with through billing anywhere in the State. We demand that our next legislature enact a two-cent passenger fare on railroads.
Minnesota --We demand additional legislation regulating the rates charged by railroads to the end that such charges be limited to a reasonable return on the value of such railways regardless of watered stock and extravagant bond issues and that complaints from a patron of such common carrier be given speedy and adequate attention, and prompt relief granted,
New York.-Where the operation of a public franchise is intrusted to a private agency we believe the community is entitled to service of the very highest efficiency consistent with safety of the capital employed in it. We hold it to be the duty of Government, while maintaining absolute security of such property, to exact for the people efficient service at reasonable rates; and a reasonable rate, we believe, is the actual cost in every instance of the service plus a reasonable profit on the corporation rendering it.
Pennsylvania.-We are in favor of a most complete and rigid regulation of all corporations engaged in public service. Although the managers of such corporations are in an important sense the agents of the stockholders, yet their paramount duty is to the public; they are but servants of the commonwealth for the performance of pnblic functions, and in such performance should first consider public interest and convenience. Common carriers should be compelled to give equal and reasonable rates for transportation to all passengers and shippers. Rebates, discriminations, and special favors should be prohibited, and by the creation of a railroad commission, or other appropriate legislation, a strict performance of all duties should be enforced. We demand from the railroads ample and adequate passenger service at a rate not to exceed two cents per mile.
REPUBLICAN CONVENTIONS. California.-We especially commend and acknowledge the action of Congress and the President in the passage and approval of the so-called "rate bi ," whereby it is designed to restrain the exaction of railroad corporations and to bring the regulation of rates within the jurisdiction of the Interstate Commerce Commission.
Indiana.-We favor the pational regulation ot railroad rates in such a manner as to prevent discrimination and insure the quality of service to all upon just and reasonable terms. Such regulations must be effected so as to operate justly upon the shipper, the common carriers and the body of the penple, We favor the enactment of a law fixing the maximum railroad passenger rate at two cents per mile on all railroads operating within the State.
Kansas.-- We are in favor of the passage by Congress of the Hepburn railroad rate bill as passed by the House of Representatives, without amendment that will in any way impair its efficiency or diminish the powers granted by it to the Interstate Commerce Commission.
Massachusetts.- We are opposed to the ownership of the railroads by this State or the national Government. In our opinion, under Government ownership the service would lose in efficiency and economy, and there would be placed under the control of the dominant political party a powerful and widespread political agency, We believe that the evils which have been or may be developed in railroad management would often be intensified under public ownership, but that they can be corrected by a rigid public supervision and regulation, which we approve. In this, as in other respects, we favor reform and not revolution,
Pennsylvania.-We approve the legislation pending in Congress, and now certain to be enacted into law, providing for such supervision and regulation in a broad and comprehensive degree and conferring upon the Interstate Commerce Commission the power to determine and put into effect just and reasonable rates for the transportation of persons and property. The enactment of such legislation has been possible at this time by the wise, courageous and successful leadership of our President. The policy embodied in such legislation will, we trust, promote the interests, not only of those who use, but as well those who own, our railroads and harm only those who, as promoters of corporations or users of their services, seek to obtain unjust personal advantage through discriminations injurious to the public welfare,
Rhode Island.-The legislation of the Fifty-ninth Congress demonstrates that when a reform is really needed the Republican party can be relied upon to enact such practical measures as will accomplish the desired results without harm to honest industry and without disturbances to lawful enterprise. We confidently assert that the anti-trust law, together with the railway rate bill, furnish effective remedies for all of the evils springing from corporate greed, without embarking upon the dangerous and pernicious experiment of governmental ownership.
Vermont.-We are in hearty sympathy with the great battle being fought by the Republican verty in behalf of the people against the evil of rebating, favoritism and discrimination in interstate ommerce. We are in favor, by proper State legislation, of protecting the people of the State against like evils within the State in non-interstate commerce.
AMERICAN MERCHANT MARINE.
DEMOCRATIC CONVENTIONS. Illinois.-We denounce the supposed ship subsidy legislation now pending in the national Congress and we declare that scheme to take money out of the national treasury and pay it to a few favored ship owners as un-Democratic, un-American and unjust to the masses of the people,
REPUBLICAN CONVENTIONS. Maine ---We deplore the condition of our merchant marine. We believe that the enactment of the bill pending in Congress would be a pronounced step toward its revival. We congratulate our Senators on the passage of this bill in the Senate and urge our Representatives to continue their earnest efforts
in its behalf.
Massachusetts.-We heartily approve the efforts of President Roosevelt to devise a just and effective method for building up a strong merchant marine, and indorse the action of the United States Senate in passing the shipping bill, in response to his request. The lack of American steamship communication with South America and our feeble share in the ocean trade of the Orient are both a peril and a reproach to the United States. A large and active merchant shipping would mean
le employment in a congenial field for New England capital and labor, It would mean widening markets for the entire nation, and the reinforcement of the navy by an indespensable reserve of auxiliary ships and seamen,
New York.-We strongly favor legislation for the restoration of an American merchant marine, so that the hundreds of millions now paid to foreign shipping interests may be paid to our own people; so that our foreign commerce may be strenghtened and enlarged, and so that we may have an invaluable reserve power of ships and men in case of war,
Ohio.-Congress should encourage the upbuilding of our merchant marine to regain the carriage of our foreign commerce and to extend it.
DEMOCRATIC CONVENTIONS. Alabama.-We favor immigration, but demand the enactment of laws prohibiting the importation of coolie or other cheap foreign labor.
Illinois.-The restrictive measures which organized labor has demanded against the disastrous and fatal competition of Chinese coolies and the cheap South Europe emigrant labor are both reasonable and just, and deserve to be made statutory and carried out to thè letter for the maintenance of the highest standard of life of our own labor and the preservation of the dignity and glory of our country.
REPUBLICAN CONVENTIONS. Pennsylvania.-We urge further amendment of our immigration and naturalization laws so that undesirable foreign elements may be excluded and a high standard of American citizenship maintained,
DEMOCRATIO CONVENTIONS. Alabama.-Wo favor legislation régulating the employment of child labor in the mines and factories of this State, prohibiting the employment of children of tender years in such mines and factories, and requiring children so employed to attend school for a reasonable time during every year.
Illinois. - We believe in liberal wages, reasonable hours, and the best possible condition of em, ployment for the men and women who toil in the mines and shops, in the factories and on the railroads of our State and country, and we furthermore believe that their inalienable right to petition the Representatives of the people in Congress and in the Legislature should be zealously guarded ånd eternally preserved, and that they should be protected against insolence and insults when engaged in the exercise of this sacred right, and that in its last analysis this right includes the right of men to ask questions on problems affecting the welfare of oandidates for public office and offering instructions and exacting pledges regarding the same.
lowa.-We are in hearty sympathy with the purposes of national labor organizations as set forth in the late address of Samuel Gompers, John Mitchell, et al., calling labor to assert its political rights at the ballot box, and we condemn government by injunction.
Maine.-We demand the passage of all reasonable legislation aimed to better the condition of laborers of all classes, and to insure to them the just rewards of their toil and the full enjoyment of their rights as citizens.
Massachusetts.-We require eight hours for labor; protection of women and children against overtime work; the absolute indefeasible right to trial of facts by jury in equity cases involving labor injunctions,
Minnesota.-Modern industrial development, increasing as it does the productive power of labor and multiplyiug the strain upon the workers, makes both unnecessary and undesirable the long hours of toil demanded by the crude and less efficient methods we therefore favor a working day of not more than eight hours in all industrial callings except agricultural and kindred pursuits, and urge that our law-makers, State and national, adopt legislation to that end.
South Carolina.The rights of labor and capital are identical. They are entitled to equal protection under the law. Evidences exist in other parts of the country of growing hostilities between these two great builders of national wealth. We believe these conditions will be ameliorated under a system of government granting no privileges which enhance the profits of the rich and increase the cost of living to the consumer.
Wisconsin.-We favor the enactment and enforcement of laws giving labor and capital impartially their just rights. Capital and la bor ought not to be enemies. Each is necessary to the other. Each has its rights-but the rights of labor are certainly not less vested nor less sacred and no less inalienable than the rights of capital.
REPUBLICAN CONVENTIONS. California.-Resolved. That we recognize the rights of labor and of capital. We know that organized labor is the true and only way in which the rights of labor can be safeguarded and protected. Still, it must always be recognized that the employer has rights which must not and cannot be ignored, and in this view it would appear that the only reasonable way whereby to adjust unfortunate differences between employer and employó is by arbitration, and we urge upon our representatives in the Legislature to pass such laws as will bring about arbitration whenever employer and employé differ as to terms of employment.
Illinois. - We commend the record of the Republican party in labor legislation, We favor the reduction of the employment of child labor to the minimum, and recommend the employment of additional food and factory inspectors. The party stands ready to pass such further legislation as experience demands in the line of making employment sanitary, healthful and safe.
LIMITATION OF NECRO SUFFRACE.
DEMOCRATIO CONVENTION. Georgia.-We favor the adoption of an educational qualification for voting, along the lines followed by our sister States of Virginia, North Carolina, Mississippi and Louisiana. The amendment ought to be so drafted as to exclude the largest possible percentage of the ignorant and purchasable negro vote, under the limitations imposed by the Federal constitution. At the same time, it must be carefully drawn so as to protect and safeguard their right to vote and to provide for the permanent registering for life of all citizens who have served in any of the wars in which this country has been engaged, and their descendents, and also all persons òf good character who understand the responsibilities and duties of oitizenship under Republican form of government. We believe this result can be best accomplished by an amendment to our Constitution substantially similar to the suffrage provision of thợ recent Constitution of the State of Alabama, with such changes or modifications as may be necessitated by local conditions in Georgia,
REPUBLICAN CONVENTIONS. Massachusetts.-In many of the States the right of male citizens of the United States to vote is denied or abridged. Wherever that denial or a bridgment is on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude, it is expressly forbidden by the Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States; and in such cases it is the duty of the Congress to take action, by virtue of its general legislative power, or its power to judge of the elections, returns and qualifications of its own members, which will secure obedience to this article of the Cc stitution. But wherever the denial or abridgment of the right to vote is based upon other considerations than those of race, color, or previous condition of servitude, it is within the constitutional power of the respective States each to determine the qualifications of it own electors, and in such cases it is the duty of the Congress, by uniform laws applicable to all the States alike, to reduce the representation in the national House of Representatives and the electoral college in the manner prescribed in the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States. That is to say, wherever the right to vote is denied or abridged by any State, in violation of the Constitution of the United States, it should be asserted and vindicated; and wherever the right to vote is denied or abridged, without violation of the Constitution of the United States, it should be followed by the reduction in the representation therein prescribed. In our opinion, the duties herein set forth are sacred, and cannot be avoided by the Republican party without dishonor.
New York.-We are opposed to the inequality which permits one-twelfth of the voters of the United States to wield one-quarter of the national legislative power through the suppression of the right to franchise, and we favor the enactment of laws which will reduce, in just proportion, representation in Congress and the electoral college wherever the ballot is suppressed.
Ohio.-We favor the reduction of representation in Congress and in the electoral college in all States of this Union where white and colored citizens are disfranchised, to the end that the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States may be enforced according to its letter and spirit.
DEMOCRATIO CONVENTIONS. Texas. - The Democracy of Texas stands for constitutional government and for laws passed thereunder which are no respector of persons; for law and order, and for the enforcement of laws against all alike; for freedom of the citizen and protection to him against ail unlawful violence and interference from whatever source.
REPUBLICAN CONVENTIONS. Massachusetts.-We condemnalike the rule of the mob and the atrocious crime which frequently provokes it. Lynch law not only endangers the innocent, brutalizes the people who engage in or witness it, breeds contempt for the laws of the land, but also fails to prevent the recurrence of crime. We extend to those Governors, magistrates, prosecuting officers and jurors who have so nobly worked to prevent and punish this barbarism, which defaces our civilization, our sympathy and praise, and we commend to the thoughtful consideration of all the question how far the technicalities, delays and failures of criminal justice, and the weak and misguided use of the pardoning power have been responsible for creating the tendency to usurp the function of the courts.
New York.-Realizing the national dangers arising from the alarming growth of mob barbarities engendered by race hatred in our own land, we demand the prompt and adequate punishment of mob instigators and leaders, and insist upon the just and equal protection of the civil and political rights of all our citizens without regard to race, creed, or color.
Rhode Island.-Realizing the national danger arising from the alarming growth of mob and lynch law in some parts of our country, engendered by race hatred, we hereby declare our deepest sympathy for all innocent victims of mob violence, and demand the prompt and adequate punishment of mob instigators and leaders; and we insist upon the just and equal protection of the civil and political rights of all citizens without regard to race, creed, or color.
DEMOCRATIC CONVENTIONS. Alabama. We demand legislation requiring railroad corporations to observe the sabbath day by prohibiting them from operating freight trains in this state on the said day, except for the transportation of perishable freight. We favor the abolition and extermination of bucket-shops, wire brokerage houses and every other form of gambling in the State of Alabama.
Georgia._We denounce the crime of lolbibying as one of the greatest offences against the public welfare. We demand of the next General Assembly the passage of a law clearly defining this offence, and prohibiting any employed agents of attorneys from addressing or speaking to members of the General Assembly in regard to anticipated or pending legislation, except before the proper committee of said body in regular session,
Illinois. We favor a thorough inquiry by a Congressional commission into the early acquisition and operation by the Federal Government of the telegraph and telephone systems,
Wo favor the early establishment by the United States of the postal savings bank system,
Wė favor the passage by Congress of the eight-hour law and anti-injunction law asked for by the American Federation of Labor.
Indiana.--As a simple act of justice to the Union soldiers and sailors of the war of the rebellion, demand the enactment of a service pension law, and that the widows' pension be equalized so that no widow will receive less than twelve ($12) dollars per month.
Iowa.-We are in favor of such laws as will permit municipal ownership of public utilities, and demand that the Democratic members of the Legislature do their utmost to secure the enactment of such a law.
Massachusetts.--We require the abolishment of capital punishment that we may no longer be barbarians.
Defence of all divorce cases to be conducted by district-attorneys, that collusion extensively practised now nay cease.
Repeal of legislative immunity act, that criminals may no longer bribe and be bribed with legal immunity.
The prevention of child murder by more effective abortion laws.
Michigan.--We favor the repeal of the so-called indeterminate sentence law, and rescoring to the judges discretion in the punishment of persons convicted of crime.
Minnesota.-We protest against “government by injunction” and demand of Con. gress laws regulating the issuance of injunctions, to the end that citizens may not be deprived of their constitutional rights by court order.
We declare for the principle of initiative and referendum, and demand of the forth. coming Legislature statutes providing for the initiative and referendum on important legislation, and the submission of a constitutional amendment which will establish the initiative and referendum as a part of the organic law of this State.
Missouri.-We believe that the policy of the Republican party in the Philippine Islands is not only contrary to the spirit of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States, but that it has been a most unfortunate policy in every respect, and therefore recommend that the right of the Filipino to govern himselfthe right which our forefathers demanded of King George—be conceded to him at the earliest possible moment consistent with existing circumstances, and in the judgment of the Missouri democracy the Government of the United States should take no steps nor perform any act, legislative or executive, that would tend to establish permanent political relations between this Government and the Philippine Islands, or that to complicate and make more difficult the task of severing, as speedily as possible, our present relations with them.
New York. We ask the Federal Government to exercise its influence to bring about speedy cessation of the atrocities now being committed against the Jews in Russia, which have shocked the conscience of civilization,
We denounce the Socialism which seeks to make government the sole agent of production as nothing less than a proposal to re-establish the institution of tyranny and industrial slavery which perished before the advance of Christian civilization. For the very essence of despotism is to vest in the State absolute control of all industry and, therefore, ownership of all its products; while the essence of democracy is to confirm in every man the right to dispose of his own laibor, and possess in peace everything produced by it. We hold it to be self-evident that if Government assumes the whole control of production it would be its right and its duty to compel all to work for its enrichment as it is its right and its duty now to compel all men to fight for its defence; and enforced labor-whether it be enforced by Government or by individuals—is servitude.
Realizing every Socialistic proposal-however disguised under sonorous and misleading phrases to be a step leading inevitably toward the re-establishment of despotism in government and servitude in labor, the Democratic party must be always vigilant in unmasking it and inflexible in opposing it. In this oppositiun we ask the co-operation. and support of all citizens who feel that the issue now before the country is no mere struggle for office or for advantage between political parties, but a contest for the existence of Christian civilization and of democratic government, its last and most valuable fruit.
Ohio.-We favor the initiative and referendum and such legislation and constitutional amendments as will make it effective as to State and local affairs; no franchise or renawal thereof should be granted by any county, city or village without first submitting the same to a vote of the people.
Texas.-We demand the passage of a law compelling telephone and telegraph companies to transmit each other's messages and to make connections necessary therefor at common points.
Wisconsin-We insist that we ought to do for the Filipinos what we have already done for the Cubans, and it is our duty to make that promise now, and upon suitable guarantees of protection to citizens of our own and other countries resident there at the time of our withdrawal, set the Filipino people upon their feet, free and independent, to work out their own destiny.
We believe in the principle of income taxation and favor such amendment to the Federal Constitution as will permit Federal taxation on incomes.
REPUBLICAN CONVENTIONS, California.-We cannot but feel in the increased influx to the Pacific Coast of Japanese and other Asiatic laborers that the people of this State are being confronted with a greater evil than that which induced them to demand and secure the passage of the so-called "Chinese exclusion law,' and we now urge our Senators and pledge our candidates for Representatives in Congress to favor, support and by all honorable means secure passage of laws simila to th present Chines exclusion bill, and providing for the exclusion of Japanese and all other kinds of Asiatic labor. We further insist upon the continuance and rigid en:forcement of existing Chinese exclusion acts, and we insist that the present Asiatic people of our insular possessions shall not be permitted to come into the United States proper.
Illinois.--Mindful of the great responsibilities of the office of President of the United States, hoping for a continuation of the successful policies and wise administration of the Republican party, with full confidence in the experience, ability, mental equipment and lofty patriotism of the Hon. Joseph G. Cannon, of Illinois, for the discharge of these duties and great responsibilities, Illinois most strongly favors and
recommends to her sister States and to the Republican National Convention to be held in 1908 the nomination of the Hon. Joseph G. Cannon, of Illinois, to the high office of President of the United States.
We indorse the efforts of the Illinois Congressional delegation to secure an appropriation for the completion of a ship canal from the great lakes to the Gulf of Mexico.
Indiana.-With all peace-loving people the Republicans of Indiana rejoice in the ending of the war between Russia and Japan and take especial pride in the fact that peace was secured by the courage, wisdom, tact and statesmanship of an American President.