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Polítical Record of 1906.

DEMOCRATIC and Republican State Conventions to nominate candidates for State officers were held in thirty-one States. Prohibition, Socialist and Socialist Labor Party Conventions were held in several of these States. Only conventions in the more important States appear in this record.

Jan. 2. Kentucky Democratic Legislative call- Aug. 21. Nebraska Republican State Convencus nominated ex-Chief Justice Thomas H. tion nominated Attorney-General Norris Brown Paynter for United States Senator, the vote for United States Senator to succeed Joseph H. being: Paynter, 39; J. C. S. Blackburn, 24; W. Millard (Rep:). B. Haldeman, 10; scattering, 2.

Aug. 22. Ohio Democratic State Convention at Jan. 9. Kentucky Legislature elected Thomas Columbus nominated Samuel A. Hoskins for SecH. Paynter (Dem.), United States Senator, to retary of State with a State ticket. succeed J. C. S. Blackburn, the Republican minority voting for W. H. Cox.

Aug. 22. Georgia Democratic primaries gave

Hoke Smith a large majority as candidate for Jan. 23. Virginia Legislatu re re-elected Governor over Clark Howell and others. Thomas S. Martin (Dem.), United States Senator, the Republican minority voting for Camp- Aug. 30. William J. Bryan was given an ovabell Slemp.

tion in New York on his arrival from his European April 12. Indiana Republican State Conven

tour. He spoke to a large audience at Madison tion at Indianapolis nominated Fred Sims for Square Garden in the evening. Secretary of State with a State ticket.

Sept. 3. Arkansas State election, John S.

Little (Dem.) elected Governor with the DemoMay 12. Rhode Island Democratic State Convention nominated Robert Hall Ives Goddard

cratic State ticket and a Democratic Legislature

ensuring the election of Jeff. Davis as United (ind, Rep.), 1or United States Senator, to succeed George Peabody Wetmore (Rep.)

States Senator to succeed James H. Berry (Dem.) June 4. The Governor of Kansas appointed A.

Sept. 4. Vermont State election. Fletcher D. W. Benson(Rep.), United States Senator, to succeed

Proctor (Rep.) was elected Governor, with the Joseph R. Burton (Rep.), resigned.

Republican State ticket. June 4. Oregon State election, George E. Cham- Sept. 10. Maine State election. William T. berlain (Dem.), was elected Governor, while the Cobb (Rep.) was elected Governor with the ReRepublicans carried the Legislature. Jonathan publican State ticket. Charles E. Littlefield was Bourne (Rep.), was nominated for United States elected Representative in Congress after a close Senator. An amendment to the State Constitu- contest with the Labor leaders, tion to extend the Initiative and Referendum to

Sept. 12. Ohio Republican State Convention at local, special and municipal laws was adopted by

Dayton nominated Carmi 0. A. Thompson for the people by a vote of 47,678 to 16,735. An

Secretary of State with a State ticket. The facamendment providing for Woman Suffrage was

tion headed by Senator Dick prevailed by a vote defeated by a vote of 47,075 to 36, 902.

of 573 to 285. June 6. Pennsylvania Republican State Convention at Harrisburg nominated Edwin S. Stuart

Sept. 26. New York Republican State Convenfor Governor by acclamation, with a State ticket.

tion at Syracuse nominated Charles E. Hughes June 7. Indiana Democratic State Convention,

for Governor by acclamation, with a State ticket. at Indianapolis, no nated James L Cox for Sept. 27. New York Democratic State ConvenSecretary of State with a State ticket.

tion at Buffalo nominated William R. Hearst, June 11. Delaware Republican legislative cau

candidate of the Independence League for Govcus nominated Henry A. Du Pont for United

ernor with a State ticket. The ballot for Gov. States Senator, the vote being Du Pont, 20; J.

ernor was Hearst, 309; William Sulzer, 124 ; Edward Addicks, 10; H. H. Ward, I.

John H. Dix, 17. June 12. Delavrare Legislature elected Henry

Oct. 3. Georgia State election. Hoke Smith A. Du Pont (Rep.), United States Senator to fill

(Dem.) was elected Governor with the Democratic vacancy. There was one vote for J. Edward Ad

State ticket. dicks, and the Democrats voted blanks.

Oct, 4. Massachusetts Democratic State ConJune 28. National Committee of the People's

vention at Boston nominated John B. Moran Party in conference at St. Louis issued an address

for Governor with a State ticket. Mr. Moran was to the people.

also the candidate of the Independence League

and the Prohibitionists. July 10. Pennsylvania Democratic State Convention at Harrisburg nominated Lewis Emery, Oct, 5. Massachusetts Republican State ConJr., the candidate of the Lincoln party, for

vention at Boston nominated Curtis Guild, Jr., for Governor, with a State ticket.

Governor by acclamation, with a State ticket. (Aug. 1. Iowa Republican State Convention at Nov. 7. General elections in most of the States Des Moines renominated Albert B. Cummins for and Territories. Representatives in Congress Governor with a State ticket. Ballot for Gover

were elected. On State tickets and Legislatures nor: Cummins, 933; George D. Perkins, 603; S. W. the Republicans carried New Hampshire, MassRathbun, 104.

achusetts, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Aug. i. Idaho Republican State Convention Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, endorsed W. E. Borah for United States Senator Iowa, Kansas, Colorado, Minnesota, Nebraska, 10 succeed Frederick T. Dubois (Rep.).

North Dakota, Montana, Wyoming, Utah, Idaho, Aug. 7. Idaho Democratic State Convention

Washington and California. The Democrats carendorsed Frederick T. Dubois for United States

ried Virginia, South Carolina, Florida, Alabama, Sepator to succeed himself.

Texas, Tennessee, Missouri, Nevada, South

Dakota and Oklahoma. In Rhode Island a Aug. 7. Iowa Democratic State Convention at

Democratic Governor and other Republican State Waterloo nominated Claude R. Porter for Gov

officers and Legislature were elected. In Minneernor with a State ticket.

sota a Democratic Governor and other RepubAug, 16. Nebraska Democrats and Populists lican State officers and Legislature were elected, in State Conventions at Lincoln nominated a joint in New York a Republican Governor and other fusion ticket for State officers with Ashton C.Shal- State officers, partly Democratic and Republican, lenbarg (Dem.) for Governor.

and a Republican Legislature were élected.

Party Platforms in 1906 on National \ssues. THE following references to national questions appeared in the platforms of State Oonventions in 1906. In the platforms of several conventions only local issues were considered. In others local issues predominated and only a general statement regarding national matters was made,

PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT'S ADMINISTRATION.

DEMOCRATIC CONVENTIONS. Missouri.-We believe Theodore Roosevelt insincere, pretending to inveigh against the crimes of trusts and corporations, he openly defended Paul Morten, when, as manager of the Santa Fé Railroad, he was compelled to confess enormous rebates to the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company. It was Roosevelt who advanced the pernicious doctrine that you must punish the corporation, not its officials who cause it to commit the crime. It was Roosevelt who denounced large campaign contributions, while his Secretary of Commerce and Labor was fleecing the corporations out of one of the biggest slush funds ever known in the history of American politics. It was Roosevelt who promised a revision of the tariff during his recent campaign for the presidency, but who has pot in any message to Congress since that time mentioned this great subject. It was Roosevelt who insisted that rather than be held up by the American trusts, the Panama Canal Commission should buy its supplies abroad, and then surrendered to the trusts and purchased practically all supplies from them at trust prices. Whatever applause he has received from the American people is chiefly due to the fact that he has apparently stood for things which the Democratic party has been demanding for years, but which he has lacked the courage to carry through to the end.

REPUBLICAN CONVENTIONS, California.-While to the members of the Fifty-ninth Congress we can and do award all credit for their commendable efforts in support of the measures tending to the advancement of the interests of the people, still we must acknowledge that their efforts were at all times encouraged, supported and sustained by that great living exponent of American manhood and American statesmanship, Theodore Roosevelt.

Delaware. We are proud of the brilliant administration of President Roosevelt and we uphold him in the fight for universal recognition of the principle of a square deal among nations, between the several sections of this country, between the capitalist and the workingman and the corporation and the individual,

Illinois. -We commend the policy of the national administration, directed by the unerring judg. ment of President Roosevelt. His dauntless courage in the enforcement of the laws and the determination to see to it that, in so far as the power of his great office will permit, every man shall have a square deal, has characterized him as one of the bravest, most fearless and most just men who ever held the high office of President of the United States. Under his wise and energetic administration his influence for good has not been confined to our own country, but the influence of the United States among the nations of the earth, both in war and in peace, a mong the great nations less than among smaller States, has been a potential factor in all that works for the good of mankind

Indiana.-We approve and applaud the administration of President Roosevelt. From the very first it has been one of the most notable in American history. During his administration and upon his initiative the Department of Commerce and Labor has been established; the law made to prevent railroad rebates; legislation for the Panama Canal enacted and work on the gigantic enterprise begun; provision made for the irrigation and reclamation of the arid West; military government abolished in the Philippines and a system of civil government established in its place, and other laws placed on the statue books for the lasting benefit of the whole people. President Roosevelt's indorsement of the laws against trusts has not only lessened the law breaking, but resulted in the widespread novement for law enforcement throughout the whole nation. President Roosevelt has earned the unprecedented popularity which resulted in his election by the greatest majority ever given an American President, and the Republicans of Indiana join with the Republicans of the whole nation in an enthusiastic indorsement of his administration,

lowa.-We commend the inspiring character, important achievements and undaunted leadership of Theodore Roosevelt, It is with exceeding pride that we contemplate the confidence reposed in him by the people of our country and the admiration which he commands from the whole world.

Kausas, -The vigorous, able and wise administration of President Roosevelt commands our enthusiastic approval as it has won the plaudits of our countrymen, regardless of party.

Mlaine.-We commend the policy of the Republican party in national affairs, and we especially indorse the magnificent, able, fearless and patriotic administration of President Roosevelt, and we ask the people of this State to sustain it by their votes.

Massachusetts.-We record again our confidence in the courage, wisdom, honesty and patriotism of Theodore Roosevelt, President of the United States. Under his leadership misconduct in public

office has been exposed without pity and punished without mercy; the law for the selection of officials by their test of merit has been enforced and extended; the standard of appointments has been raised: the rights of those who labor for the Government have been protected; the public lands have been rescued from those who had obtained thein by fraud, and the offenders have been punished; the laws for the suppression of unlawful combinations of capital and against unlawful discriminations by railroads have been enforced; the army and navy have been strengthened and made efficient; the public revenues have been adequate to meet the abundant expenditures made necessary by our national growth; our new possessions have been wisely administered; the construction of the Isthmian Canal is well under way, and our foreign relations have been so conducted that we are upon terms of cordial friendship with all nations of the earth. Finally, Theodore Roosevelt has been a potent influence for the peace of the world, an inspiration for the uplifting of public and private ideals, a wise and successful leader in wholesome legislation in the interest of the whole people. We approve the administration of his office and tender to him our loyal support during its continuance.

Nebraska.-We especially commend the inspiring character and undaunted leadership of Theodore Roosevelt. It is with exceeding pride that we contemplate the confidence reposed in him by the people of our own country and the admiration he commands from the whole world.

New York.-Assembled as delegates to the Republican State Convention, we gladly record our pride and confidence in President Roosevelt. We indorse what he has done in fulfilling the will of the people in protecting both labor and capital, in preventing unfair discrimination in railway rates, in reforming the abuses of trust corporations, in providing for the speedy construction of the Panama Canal, in securing pure food laws and uniform naturalization laws, and also in elevating the standard of the public service. In these splendid achievements he has had the hearty co-operation and assistance of a loyal Republican Congress. We congratulate him and the world on what he did for peace between Russia and Japan, and upon what he is now doing to compel peace in Cuba. He has fought the battles of the plain people so courageously and successfully that his name is an inspiration in every State campaign, and his record the platform upon which every good citizen is willing to stand. We pledge the Republican party in New York State to follow faithfully in his footsteps.

In the midst of the most prosperous year in the history of the country, a prosperity which signalizes the semi-centennial of the Republican ascendancy in the nation, we do not believe that our people will change the political control of the State and nation. We do not believe that our people will follow those who would rashly experiment with socialistic theories, to the serious danger of tae public welfare. No party can be safely trusted now that follows the leadership of men who advocate the governmental ownership of transcontinental lines of railr Is, who would place more than a million and a quarter of railroad employés under political and partisan control, who would add more than $10,000,000,000 to the national debt in their rash and fatal experiment.

Ohio.-We most heartily approve and indorse Theodore Roosevelt and his administration of public affairs. True to the principles of the Republican party as enunciated at Chicago in 1904, he has more than met and fulfilled our high expectations. His sagacity, patriotism, commanding honesty and courage, his lofty ideals of public duty and of private citizenship have won for him a unique place in the confidence and regard of the American people. We express our renewed confidence in his ability, his patriotism, his pure and high-minded devotion to the interests of the whole people.

Pennsylvania.-We most heartily and cordially indorse and commend the splendid administration of President Roosevelt. Particularly do we commend his administration for its fair, vigorous and successful enforcement, through the department of justice, of the anti-trust and interstate commerce laws, the enforcement of which has compelled respect for law and made it clear that great corporations and great financial interests, when guilty, will be treated as any other law-breakers. It is a matter of pride to Pennsylvanians that he who was the Attorney-General under whom this policy was begun, and who so signally aided in making it successful, is the present junior Senator from this State.

South Dakota.-His administration has been wise and fearless, and commands the universal respect of the American people, regardless of party. We congratulate him upon his victory in securing the passage by Congress of the recent law for the regulation of railroad rates, and commend our Senators and Representatives in Congress for their support of this policy.

Texas,- We indorse the administration of President Roosevelt in its entirety, and regard him as one of the greatest, if not the greatest, champion of the rights of the people.

His action and energy in behalf of the interests of the whole people of the United States, his brave and characteristic opposition to the trusts, and the insistence upon the prosecution of all offenders against the law should win for him the plaudits of the American people.

Vermont.-We heartily and cordially indorse the splendid administration of President Theodore Roosevelt, and we commend the President as a fearless champion of the welfare of the people. He has, without fear or favor, uncovered and punished those guilty of malfeasance in public service; he has zealously assailed the violators of the Federal statutes; he has promoted friendly relations with other nations of the earth and gained for us a front rank in the world's diplomacy; he has encouraged wise and helpful legislation, and has shown his determination to continue to promote protection of home industries, commercial expansion and

other national policies that have helped the American people to enjoy prosperity and progress without a parallel in the annals of national development.

TARIFF REVISION AND PROTECTION.

DEMOCRATIO CONVENTIONS, Georgia.-The protective tariff taxes the masses of the people to fill the pockets of the few. We declare our hostility to the entire system of tariff protection, and urge the next National Democratic Convention to make this issue before the people in a simple and unmistakable manner.

Illinois.-We believe that American citizens are entitled to best fruits of American enterprise, and we condemn, in unmeasured terms, the present Republican system of extorting tribute from the people at home by means of unjust tariff laws, so that foreigners may enjoy American products at a cheaper price than our own people.. To end this system which fosters the iniquitous trusts and combinations that are controlling legislation through the Republican party, we demand a careful and businesslike revision of existing tariff rates by the friends of the people, and not by the friends of the system, to a point where the revenues will meet the expense of government honestly and economically administered

Indiana.--We denounce the hypocrisy of the Republican party which, while pretending to legislate against these conditions, deals only with the symptoms and not with the disease. The unfair, tyrannical features of the so-called “protective tariff” have made these things possible, and no permanent relief can be secured until its obnoxious features are removed, We demand that this be done by a tariff for revenue only.

Iowa. We believe in tariff for revenue only, and in approaching to that condition of our revenue laws there should be immediate relief granted to the people who are now being robbed by extortionate prices exacted under the shelter of tariff. We believe that the people of this country who produce our wealth and pay our taxes and fight the battles of the republic are entitled to purchase the goods manufactured in this country as cheaply as the people who reside abroad. We denounce the extortion inflicted upon our people under the pretense of protection as an outrage. upon the consumer, upon the poor, and upon the laboring people who produce the wealth of this country. We believe the tariff should be removed from all trust-made goods, and in the removal of all duties on iron, steel, lumber, and coal.

Massachusetts.-We require reciprocity and tariff revision. Free hides, free coal, free lumber, free iron and free wood pulp. Legislation to save Massachusetts manufacturers from their present handicap by unjust tariff on raw material of their product. Fostering international commerce by generous and friendly concessions in the adjustment of our tariff to all nations opening to us their inarkets for our products. Tearing down the tariff walls from intrench monopoly and sustain enormous fortunes exacted from bonest labor and flaunted in the face of the toilers by their gross and vicious possessors.

Winnesota.-Believing it both unwise and unjust that the Congress of the United States should grant special privileges which enrich the few at the expense of the many, we demand that the membors of Congress from Minnesota sball labor diligently for the immediate revision of the Dingloy tarin schedules to the end that trusts and combinations in restraint of trade shall no longer be fostered and developed by any tariff laws. We demand that there shall be placed on the free list all trust-made articles and that all protection shall be removed from articles sold cheaper to the foreigner than to the American.

Missouri.-The Dingley act fosters the trust, which wases fat beneath its sheltering care and enables it to take the American consumer by the throat and rob him to its heart's content. Again, a tax which is levied upon what men consume is vicious, because it takes no account of their ability to pay, and therefore does not belong to the enlightened age in which we live. The democracy of Missouri regards the tariff question as the greatest economic issue now before the American people.

New York:-We denounce Republican high protection, which enables a few to plunder the whole body of their fellow citizens by charging extortionate prices for the necessaries of life and the essentials of industry. ! South Carolina.-No taxes should be levied nor tariffs imposed upon the people beyond the actual necessities of government economically administered. We, therefore, urge such reasonable revision of existing tariff that manufacturers shall not obtain a higher price for their product at home than they demand for such products abroad; also such further revision as will admit free of duty products that are manufactured within the United States by trusts and monopolies

Wisconsin.-We favor revision of the present tariff, and hold that the tariff duty should be levied for the purposes of revenue, such duties to be so adjusted as to operate equally throughout the country and not discriminate between classes or sections, and the taxation should be limited to the needs of the Government, honestly and economically administered. We favor placing on the free list all commodities chiefly supplied by trusts and combines.

REPUBLICAN CONVENTIONS. Delaware.-We believe that a revision of the present tariff laws in the near future would be beneficial to the great mass of the American people, and we also favor a reduction of duties on imports from the Philippine Islands.

Illinois.-We regret tbat the Democratio party has not yielded its opposition to the protective policy of the Republican party and accepted with patriotic pride its beneficent results, so apparent every. where in the affairs of the people of the United

States. We adhere

without hesitation to the cardinal doctrine of protection to American labor and American capital. We do not hold that any particular schedule of tariff duties must be of endless duration, but, on the contrary, when changing business and industrial conditions shall be benefited by a modifica ion of any existing tariff schedule the Republican party holds itself ready to make such needed changes. The necessity for such change, however, must not arise from any special interest, but must arise from a fair and candid consideration of all the business and industrial interests of the whole country.

Indiapa.-We adhere to the time-honored Republican doctrine of protection. Our commercial and industrial experiences have fully vindicated the wisdom of this great economic policy. The true policy of protection is that schedules are to be changed when experience shall suggest their change. The Republican party, the friend of the protective policy, can be trusted to make changes in tariff schedules whenever more good than evil will result. We recognize reciprocity as the handmaiden of protection and favor such reciprocal arrangements with other nations as will increase our foreign trade without injury to American industry.

Iowa. We are uncompromisingly in favor of the American system of protection. Duties on for. eign imports should not be levied for revenue only, but should be so adjusted as to promote our domestic interests, enlarge our foreign markets, secure remunerative prices for the products of our factories and farms, and maintain a superior scale of wages and standard of living for American labor. Wise and unselfish tariff laws maintained in the interest of the general welfare, equally opposed to foreign control and domestic monopoly, are essential to our commercial and industrial prosperits. We believe that all inequalities in the tariff schedules which inevitably arise from changing industrial and commercial conditions should

be adjusted, from time to time, and condemning without reserve all assaults upon the protective system, we favor sucb reasonable and timely changes as will keep the tariff in harmony with our industrial and commercial progress. We favor the reciprocity inaugurated by Blaine, advocated by McKinley and Roosevelt, and recognized in Republican platforms and legislation.

Kansas.- We again declare our adherence to the principles of a protective tariff and earnestly favor its continuance by the levying of duties on imports to an amount sufficient to prevent ruinous competition with foreign manufacturers who employ cheap labor, but we do not believe that ta riff schedules are sacred and we recognize that they should bo readjusted from time to time in order to meet changed conditions,

Maine.-We believe in the protective tariff, which is fundamentally based upon a recognition of the differences in labor cost here and abroad, The protective tariff protects American labor, guards and sustains the scale of American wages, and thereby enables American la borers to build and maintain American homes; and while it tends to keep the American market for American industries, nevertheless our trade in foreign markets has expanded to an extent never before known. We reaffirm our belief in that reciprocity which governs the interchange with foreign countries of articles which are not the product of American labor, and we oppose any

such reciprocity with Canada as will flood our markets with Canadian lumber and farm products, and thus seriously embarrass the industries of this State.

Niassachnsetts. We declare our unwavering adherence to the historic Republican policy of tariff protection to American industries and labor, Under the favoring conditions created by the protective tariff, the enterprise and skill of employer and employed have found abundant opportunity; our rich natural resources have been developed; our industries have been diversified ; our foreign and domestic trade has increased; capital and labor have obtained ready employment and fair return, and we rejoice in an average state of comfort and a general and widespread prosperity rarely attained by any people at any period of history. But no tariff law ever has been or can be perfect in all its parts; and, moreover, schedules pecessary and wise at the time of their adoption may become unnecessary.and unwise by changes in industrial conditions and the law, therefore, vught not to be deemed to be above criticism or beyond improvement. We approve the action of our Representatives in both Houses of Congress at the last session in asking consideration of the tariff, believing it to be the duty of a Republican Congress to examine with care at alltimes the operation of the tariff laws, and to amend or revise them whenever the public interests demand, in any amendment or revision of the tariff laws we believe that the principle of protection should be kepu constantly in view and applied impartially to all sections and all industries; that maximum and minimum tariffs to be applied under executive authority should be established as the surest method of securing Just commercial relations with other nations, and that the sobedules of duties should be so adjusted that they will especially foster trade with the other nations and dependencies on this hemisphere.

Nebraska.-We declare our unalterable allegiance to the principle of protection, under the beneficent operation of which our country has grown both rich and great. While yielding nothing from our adherence to this principle, we believe that changes in schedules should follow changes in conditions. The history of the Republican party demonstrates that such revision can safely be trusted only to the party which honestly believes in protection and earnestly endeavors to justly apply the principles to conditions as they exist.

New Hampshire.-We are opposed to any change whateve, which would undermine the cardinal principle of the Republican party ---protection to American manufactures and labor.

New York. In national affairs we reaffirm our belief in the wisdom of the protective tariff under which the country has achieved unparalleled prosperity, and we demand that its revision, as occasion may require, be intrusted to its friends and not to its enemies.

Ohio. - The Republican policy of protection must be sacredly maintained. It is the foundation of our gratifying and unparalleled prosperity and commercial eminence, Eventful correction of schedules along protective lines must be made by the Republican party, whose devotion to the policy of American markets for American industry is the guaranty of the confidence of the manufacturing world,

Penosylvania. -Reflecting upon the widespread and universal disaster and distress which followed the step in the direction of free trade taken by the last national Democratic administration in the enactment of the Wilson-Gorman tariff bill and the armies of idle men who filled our streets while it was in operation, and contrasting those times with the present unexampled prosperity which set in with the repeal of that law and the enactment of the present Dingley tariff law--contrasting the wail of the unemployed during the four years of the last Cleveland administration with the music of the spindle and the cheerful hum of industry now everywhere heard-we again declare our devotion to the Republicaa doctrine of protection to American industries and American labor, and commend our delegation in Congress for their firm and effective stand against the disturbance of existing conditions.

Rhode Island.-The attitude of the Republican party of this State in the question of protection cannot be better expressed than in the words of President Roosevelt. "We stand unequivocally for a protective tariff. But whenever a given rate or schedule becomes evidently disadvantageous to the nation, because of the changes which go on from year to year in our conditions, and where it is feasible to change this rate or schedule without too much dislocation of the system, it will be done; while a general revision of the rates and schedules will be undertaken whenever it shall appear to the sober business sense of our people that, on the whole, the benefits to be derived from making such changes will outweigh the disadvantages."

South Dakota.-We steadfastly adhere to the Republican policy of protection of American industries but believe that tariff rates should be modified from time to time, to the changed conditions, such modifications to be made by the friends of protection and not by its enemies. For the benefit of the American home builder and the protection of our forests, we favor the abolition of all tariff on lumber.

Texas.-We renew our faith and belief in the wisdom of a protective tariff to be accompanied with the policy of reciprocity as the same has been advocated by Blaine, McKinley and Roosevelt, and a revision of tariff schedules as changed conditions may suggest, but_never violating the theory and policy of a protective tariff, reads the platform.

TRUSTS.

LEMOORATIC ONVENTIONS. Alabama.-In line with the policies of our leader, we favor the comlete control and regulation of all corporations and the annihilation of trusts by national and State governments acting within their respective spheres, and demand the absolute divorcement of railroad and trust influences from national and State affairs,

Georgia.-The great body of the people throughout the United States have suffered during recent years from the inexcusable burdens placed on them by the trusts, forcing up the prices of what the masses have to buy, and forcing down the prices of what the masses have to sell. We urge the next Democratic National Convention to make an open plain attack upon these monopolies and present the necessity for their suppression as an issue before the people.

Illinois.-It should be remembered that the Democratic party was first to recognize and denounce in its platform those various trusts and combinations formed for the purpose of enabling greedy corporations to obtain more than a fair share of the products of apital and labor, and secure exorbitant and unreasonable profits from the consumer, and we renew our solemn pledge to favor the enactment and enforcement of such legislation as will ultimately suppress such criminal combinations and make way for fair and healty competition in all classes of business.

Indiana.–The growth of the trusts and other inordinate and dangerous combinations of capital, the tremendous and rapidly increasing absorbtion and centralization of the wealth of the country in the hands of the chosen few, all due to premeditated and systematic legislation in behalf of special interests by the Republican party, demand a change in the policies imposed upon the country by that party and make the passage of restrictive laws an imperative necessity.

Iowa.--We demand the enactment of such legislation as will effectually destroy all trusts, and the strict enforcement of all laws concerning the same; and we denounce the executive of the State of Iowa for failure to enforce existing laws.

New York.-Where the law not only permits but empowers great trusts to exact for their products from the people of this country prices vastly exceeding those asked in foreign countries, and this power to plunder our citizens is treated as the property of certain private corporations, openly capitalized for billions of dollars, the vast volume of tribute drawn from the masses of the community is the least pernicious of its results. . The wide emulation in plunder which it evokes is the worst result, Every successful scheme of spoliation breeds a thousand imitations. Where & few men are empowered to despoilt heir fellow citizens under protection of the law many men soon devise innumerable schemes to despoil them outside the law. From the plunder of billions levied on the whole community through manipulating the statute books, to plundering stockholders and policyholders of millions through manipulating books of account, the step is short and inevitable. The law when it denounces minor robberies as crimes is discredited and enfeebled by the greater robberies which it permits.

South Carolina. -It is essential to the material interests of the people and the development of the incalculable resources of our country that there shall be no unjust restrictions upon healthy in

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