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The kingly records of triumphant death,
Unto his father's tomb
The pleasant morn awoke with sunny smile,
* * H.
A ROYAL FUNERAL.
(For the Mirror.) "A PRINCE to the fate of a peasant bas vielded: The tapestry waves dark through the dim
lighted hall; With 'scutcheons of silver the coffiu is shielded,
And pages stand mute by the canopied pall; Through the courts at deep midnight the torches
are gleaming In the proudly-arch'd chapel the banners are
beaming Far adown the long aisle sacred music is stream
ing, Lamenting a chief of the people should fall."
Sir W. Scott. THE EV'ning's veil Was o'er Augusta and her many spires, And seem'd accordant with the general gloom; Old England's flag, that on a festal day Gave to the breeze its ample folds, then hung, From church and turret, motionless and low; Each barbour'd ship within the river shared The decent sorrow for a chieftain's doom, And lower'd her pennon. Through the stilly
But where The “house of mourning” for the monarch's
death? Where Windsor rears its battlemented head Amidst the haunts which laughing Shakspeare
drew In fadeless colours-near to where the muse Of matchless Pope entwin'd the “forest” wreath. There from its portals issued forth the train Which bore a king unto his costly tomb; And sparkling crest, and pearly coronet, The herald's garb, tbe noble's rich attire, Threw back the blaze of the funereal torch: Which, through the dimness of the mantled
night, Cast on each panoply its pallid glare.
And there was seen The“ pomp and circumstance" of regal prideTbe germ of royalty, its spacious roots, Its spreading branches, and its stately tree, Around the relics of that sacred dust. In marshal state, the glitt'ring pageant, The train majestic, with the multitude, Moy'd slowly onwards to St. George's fane, Whose Gothic glory veil'd in ev'ning gloom The sculptor's marble and the painter's hue.
RULES FOR JUDGING OF THE
WEATHER. HAPPENING to look over the last volume of your interesting publication, and seeing the article at page 52, entitled “ Signs of the Seasons,” it put me in mind of some quaint lines at the end of the Perpetual Almanack, published at Salisbury, in the year 1777, which I hope will not prove either uninteresting or unuseful to your readers, at this variable season.
If blue the morning sky appear,
Whene'er the moon, pight's silver queen, Is bid by clouds of darkish green, And stars, just seen, appear to low'r, Depend you'll have a heavy show'r.
If in the sun or moon appear
if a prodigious cloud you spy,
When the sun's beams are broad and red,
Whene'er the evening is serene,
When flashing quickly thro' the sky
When in a clear, but wintry night,
When winds irregularly blow,
worthy prelate's intention in erecting And dingy clouds pass to and fro,
this structure was to serve as a sort of You may expect a deal of snow. And if you find no morning dew,
beacon to the boatmen. Its original Be sure cold weather will ensue.
name," Mauth Zoll,'' meaning the payIf round the moon a circle's seen
ment of duties, leads to this inference, Of white, and all the sky's serene,
that it was erected as a toll-house. It. The following day you may divine Will surely prove exceeding fine.
is not unlikely that it embraced both obWhene'er in autumn, or in spring,
jects. It is to Hatton's discontented A mist the moon doth with it bring,
monastery that the origin of the followAt noon the sun will bright appear
ing legend is attribnted; and the present The ev'ning be serene and clear.
boatmen on the Rhine, to whom it has In winter, store of rain and snow
been handed down, tell you that the A spring and summer fine foreshow; But if too mild the winter's found,
archbishop was a great miser, and hardDiseases will in spring abound.
hearted, and that when he extended his,
hand, it was to bless, not to give ; and CARDS.
that during his government it came to
pass that a great famine spread through (For the Mirror.)
all the districts of the Rhine, and many The four kings - David, Alexander, men died from extreme want; and Cæsar, and Charles, which names are many unfortunate creatures assembled still on the French cards, represent the round Hatton's palace, at Mayence, and four celebrated monarchies of the Jews, cried to him for bread, but he refused Greeks, Romans, and Franks, under to relieve their wants, and treated them Charlemagne. The consorts of these as a seditious people. The poor then illustrious personages are named Ar- became more urgent, for the archbigine, Esther, Judith, and Pallas-typi shop's granaries were full, and he gave cal of birth, piety, fortitude, and wis- orders that their doors should remain dom. Argine is an anagram of “ Re- closed; whereupon their distress forced gina,'' Queen by descent. By the knaves them to rise in arms against their holy were designed the servants or valets of governor; and he sent his archers out the Kings, for Knave originally meant against them, and the number that was a Servant.
ACE DE TREFLE. taken was very great. Then Hatton * See Mirror, vol iii. p. 211.
ordered them, as many as there were, men, women, and children, old and
young, to be enclosed in a large barn, The Sketch-Book. and the monster with his own hand set
fire to its roof, and all who were within
were consumed ; and Hatton stood by, THE RATS' TOWER.
and gloried in the sight. The stones (To the Editor of the Mirror.) . wept at the sight; but Hatton's heart If you have ever been on the Rhine, was harder than stone, for he laughed you must have heard the annexed legend at their torture and cries, and he said from some of its boatmen. Every man
“ Hear ye the squeaking of the rats ?!? tells the story in his own way, and I dare But Heaven heard the cry of the poor, say I have written it something in my and vengeance fell on the head of this way, although the substance of the story naughty man. But too soon his ear is as I received it.t
became familiar to the squeak of the Between Mayence and Caub, on the rat; what he had before only imagined, Rhine, is Bingen, and below it the he now but too distinctly heard ; swarms Maus Thurm, or the Tower of the Rats, of these animals entered his castle, to which rather a romantic story is at. so that no one could defend himself tached, but in which no faith can be from them. The spirit of the phenix placed. Its founder is generally believed was within them, for as Hatton's vassals to be Hatton, Abbé of Fuld, and after slaughtered them they rose again. The wards Archbishop of Mayence, who earth brought them forth, and threw lived about the tenth century--a man of them amongst the riches of the prelate, great piety and learning, and who, by as a volcano sends forth its burning the extreme rigour he enforced in the stones. And Hatton fled to Bingen, discharge of the monastic duties, irris and caused a high tower to be built in tated his monks against him. In those the Rhine; and he crossed over in a days, the passage across the Rhine was small boat, and shut himself up therein ; extremely dangerous, and no doubt the
but the rats forsook him not-they pur+ A metrical version of this legend will be
sued him with vigour to Bingen, and found at page 68 of vol. xii. of The Mirror, where
they swam over to the tower, and climbed it is called the “ Mouse Tower,”
to its summit, and fell as a shower on
Hatton, and made war with him, and half shoe with red strings about the they gnawed and devoured him alive. slender ankle ; the long, braided raven And when this wicked man was no hair; the eye of sparkling, jetty hue; more, that he should leave no trace of the clear, olive skin ; the ruby lip, and his existence behind him, they traversed even teeth of peculiar whiteness-gave the tapestries that were hung within her the very imprint of a Spanish dream. the tower, and wherever they found the She was tuning her guitar; the old name of “ Hatton” they gnawed it out; Muleteer's head lay on her lap, his and the name of Hatton was no where white hair streaming over her black to be seen. And to this day the trou- dress, like the first streaks of day, bled spirit of the prelate hovers on the breaking on a dark and stormy night. top of the tower in the shape of a dense His arm and sun-burnt withered hand
J. L. S. twined around her, and his glassy eye
fixed on hers, reminded me of a picTHE PILGRIM.
ture I had seen by Murillo, of Winter
basking in the smile of Spring. From (For the Mirror.)
the attention with which all the old reTired with my long journey, and the garded her, and the preparation the rugged and toilsome road across the young made to commence their dance stupendous Apennines, I had seated with her song, I saw at once she was myself on a projecting rock, on which the Village Minstrel Queen! She sang the setting sun shed a golden radiance. -I stood entranced. There was a naI determined to enjoy the beauty of the tive, wild melody-a happy freshness in scene, which Nature in one of her most her voice, which brought tears in my lavish moods had spread beneath my eyes, I knew not why. feet. It was redolent of beauty. Be- I slept that night at the old Mulefore me lay a widely extended cham- teer’s ; his grand-daughter repeated her paign country, with the far distant song to me, and with her own taper towers of a fortified city in the horizon; fingers traced the Spanish words of her beneath me the beautiful Vale of ballad; nothing in themselves, but from Almeida, with its happy village, its circumstances rendered dear to me. vine - covered cottages, its smoke of Her scroll is in my bosom, and the folhospitality rising to the skies, and its lowing is a weak translation of the ori. mirthful, innocent inhabitants, congre- ginal : gated on the verdant sward, and mixing GAILY dance on summer pights, in the gay dance; while the breezes of Spanish maids, the light Fandango; evening bore to my ear sweet sounds of Lovers breathing new delights, voices, mingled with the exhilarating
As they dance the light Fandango. echo of castanets, and tinkling of gui
But hark! wbat sound approaches nepr?
Tis tinkling bell of Muleteer, tars. At a little distance from the group
To Spanish Maidens ever dear, was an old man; his long hair fell in
As they dance the light Fandango. ringlets of silver on his shoulders, and he seemed busy in attendance on the tired Happy made by those tbey love,
How charming is the gay Bolero, mules that were grazing near. I felt
To music of guitars they move myself interested by his appearance,
Tbro' the mazy gay Bolero. and gathering up the remains of my re
But hark! the sound of convent bell, past, I took my staff and descended.
Warps loyers true to bid farewell, By the time I reached the group, the
Next eve to meet in fragrant dell, sunbeams had quitted the valley, but And dance again the gay Bolero. were yet brightly shining on the moun
M. B. tains; the villagers had gathered closer together. A young girl, the strong Retrospective Oleanings. Spanish character of whose appearance instantly struck me, had seated herself on a little mound, the old people had
The two subsequent extracts appropricrept closely round her, and the silver
ately belong to this division of The haired Muleteer was lying at her feet.
Mirror, although they occur in the vo
lume of the Family Library, recently I stopped to contemplate the pictureAge gazing on Youth--the past com
published, and noticed in our last No. mingling with the present.
BRITISH DOGS. • The girl was habited in the half bo. Dr. Caius, it seems, wrote a treatise dice of her country, of bright yellow, on British Dog's, which was enlarged in trimmed and puffed with black ; while, 1560.) the short, brown petticoat with yellow In this memoir he gives a brief acpoints ; the blue stocking; and the small count of the variety of dogs existing, in his time, in this country, and adds a The Leviner or Lyemmer.-The first systematic table of them, subjoining, name is derived from the lightness of for the instruction of his correspondent, the kind ; the other from thě old word their English names, which are as fol- Lyemme, a thong; this species being low:- Terrare - harier-bludhunde used to be led with a thong, and slipped
- gasehunde - grehunde – leviner, or at the game. This dog hunted both by lyemmer — tumbler — spainel-setter scent and sight, and in the form of its water-spainel, or fynder-spainel-gentle, body observed a medium between the or comforter-shepherd's-dog-mastive, hound and the grehunde. They were or bande dog — wappe — turn-spit -- chiefly used for the chase of wolves. dancer.”
According to Caius, we are indebted Of his manner of treating his subject, to Spain for the Spainel ; but the Comthe following may be given as speci. forter, or Spainel-gentle comes from mens :
Malta. The Terrare takes its name from its The Mastive, or Bandedog, of these, subterraneous employ, being a small he says, three were a match for a bear, kind of hound, used to force the fox, or and four for a lion. It appears that other beasts of prey, out of their holes. Great Britain was so noted for its mas
The Harier derives its name from tiffs, that the Roman Emperors aphunting the hare.
pointed an officer in this island, with the The Bludhunde, or Slothunde, was title of Procurator Cynegii, whose sole of great use, and in high esteem, among business it was to breed, and transmit our ancestors. Slot means the imprese from hence to the amphitheatre, such sion left by the foot of the dog in the dogs as would prove equal to the commire. This dog was remarkable for the bats exhibited at that place. The masacuteness of his smell, tracing any tiff has been described, by other natuwounded game that had escaped from ralists, as a species of great size and the hunter, and following the footsteps strength, and a very loud barker ; of the thief, let the distance of his whence they have derived its name, flight be ever so great. The blood mastiff, quasi Mase thefese ; it being hound was in great request on the con supposed to frighten away robbers by its fines of England and Scotland, when the tremendous voice. Borderers were continually preying on the herds and flocks of their neighbours,
URN BURIAL. BY SIR THOMAS BROWNE. and was used also by Wallace and Bruce In 1658, the discovery of some anduring the civil wars.
cient urns in Norfolk gave him occasion The Gasehunde would select from the to write “A Discourse of Sepulchral herd the fattest and fairest deer, pur- Urns,' in which he treats, with his sue it by the eye, and, if lost for a time, usual learning, on the funeral rites of recover it, and again select it from the the ancient nations, exhibits their va. herd which it might have rejoined. rious treatment of the dead; and ex. (This species is now extinct, or, at amines the substances found in the urns least, unknown.)
discovered in Norfolk. There is, perThe Grehunde was the first in rank haps, none of his works which better among dogs, as appears from the forest- exemplifies his reading or memory. It laws of Canute, who enacted, “ That is scarcely to be imagined how many no one under the degree of a gentleman particulars he has amassed together, in should presume to keep a greyhound;" à treatise which seems to have been as also from an old Welsh saying, which written for the occasion; and for which, signifies that you may know a gentleman therefore, no materials could have been by his hawke, his horse, and grehunde. previously collected. Notwithstanding the rank it held among In his epistle dedicatory to his worthy the canine race, Cuius mentions, on and honoured friend, Thomas Le Gros, the authority of Froissart, the follow- of Crostwick, Esquire, he observes, ing fact, not much to the credit of the "when the funeral pyre was out, and fidelity of this species :- When that un- the last valediction over, men took a happy prince, Richard the Second, was lasting adieu of their interred friends, taken in Flint Castle, his favourite grey- little expecting the curiosity of future hound immediately deserted him, and ages should comment upon their ashes, fawned on his rival, Bolingbroke, as if and having no old experience of the dune understood and foresaw the misfor- ration of their reliques, held no opinion tunes of his former master. This act of such after consideration. But who of ingratitude, the unfortunate monarch knows the fate of his bones, or how observed, and declared aloud, to be the often he is to be buried ?" presage of his future death.
Ile thinks that the practice of burn, ing and burying the body were equally ciently called Brannodunum. He thinks ancient. According to some tradition, that Britain was formerly very popuAdam was buried near Damascus, or lous ; and though many Roman habitaMount Calvary; and Abraham and the tions are not known, yet that the Ropatriarchs were also buried. Hector mans were at one time in great number was burned before the gates of Troy in this country, would appear from the Among the Romans, Manlius, the con- fact that 70,000, with their associates, sul, burnt the body of his son ; but were slain in the battle in which Queen Numa, by a special clause in his will, Boadicea commanded. That Britain was not burnt, but buried; and Remus was a conquest held in great esteem by was also solemnly buried. The two the Romans, there can be no doubt ; ceremonies seem, therefore, to have in fact though so far removed from the been coeval and indifferent. The origin capital of the empire, no fewer than of cremation, or burning, he thinks, ten imperial persons had visited it, viz. may be attributed to the opinions of Cæsar, Claudius, Britannicus, Vespathose ancient philosophers who conceive sian, Titus, Adrian, Severus, Commoed that fire was the master principle in dus, Geta, and Caracalla. the composition of our bodies; and, of the precise antiquity of these retherefore, funeral piles were heaped up, liques in Norfolk, nothing could be in order to waft them more speedily to known, for there were no ancient coins their native element. But the Indian or medals enclosed within the urns, Brahmins, he is rather disposed to which might lead to any conjecture think, “ are too great friends unto about the date of the interment. In fire, for they imagine it the noblest some which had been dug up « in way to end their days in fire, and Spittlefields (Spitalfields,) near London, therefore burn themselves alive." He the coins of Claudius, Vespasian, Commentions the different modes of bu- modus, Antoninus, together with lachrying as practised by various nations, rymatories, lamps, bottles of liquor, and remarks that the rites of sepulture and other articles of affectionate superdo not seem to be confined to man, for stition," had been discovered. From there would appear to be some approach the thinness of the bones in the Norfolk to this practice among elephants, cranes, urns, particularly of the skulls, the ants, and bees; “ the latter civil so smallness of the teeth, and the slenderciety,” says Browne, “ at least carry ness of the ribs and thigh bones, it was out their dead, and hath exequies, if not improbable that many of them were not interments.”
the remains of women, or of persons The discovery which gave immediate of tender age. After a very learned occasion to this Treatise, he relates in dissertation upon the funeral customs of the following words :
. the Greeks, the Romans, the Egyptians, “ In a field of old Walsingham, not the Jews, the Danes, &c., he conmany months past, were digged up be- cludes in favour of cremation, or burn-, tween forty and fifty urns, deposited in ing; for, says he, “to be knaved out a dry and sandy soil not a yard deep, of our graves, to have our sculls made not far from one another; not all strictly drinking bowls, and our bones turned of one figure, but most answering those into pipes, to delight and sport our described; some containing two pounds enemies, are tragical abominations, of bones, distinguishable in sculls, ribs, escaped in burning burials." jaws, thigh-bones, and teeth, with fresh impressions of their combustion ; be- The high strain of moral reflection sides the extraneous substances, like with which Browne closes his Treatise pieces of small boxes, combs hand- on Urn-burial, affords passages of splensomely wrought, handles of small brass did eloquence that cannot easily be instruments, brazen nippers, and in equalled. For example one, some kind of opale.” Coals and « There is no antidote against the cinders were dug up in the neighbour- opium of time, which temporally conhood, from which he conjectures that sidereth all things. Our fathers find this was the place (ustrina) for burning their graves in our short memories, and their bodies. The urns themselves, he sadly tell us how we may be buried in supposes to be Roman, and either con- our survivors'. To be read by bare in taining the ashes of Romans themselves, scriptions, like many in Gruter; to or of Romanized natives, who had hope for eternity by any metrical epiadopted and observed the customs of thets, or first letters of our names ; to their conquerors. The spot was not be studied by antiquaries who we were, far from a Roman station or garrison, and have new names given us like many five miles only from Brancaster, an- of the mummies, are cold consolations