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him to lose blood. Chesterfield compliment. The choosing of partners and tunes with fa-
startle the air by high mettle sounds. Me-
old year, and continue to “ watch” till four
lagers, otherwise disposed, follow the church A VILLAGE NEW YEAR.
plan, and commemorate the vigils in the For the Table Book.
old unreformed way. After a sumptuous
supper,-at which some maiden's heart is “ Almack's” may be charming,-an as endangered by the roguish eye, or the salute sembly at the “ Crown and Anchor,” and a and squeeze by stealth, dancing is resumed, hop of country quality at the annual “ Race and, according to custom, å change of Ball,” or a more popular “set to" at a
partners takes place, often to the joy and fashionable watering-place, may delight disappointment of love and lovers. At but a lady of city or town cannot conceive every rest—the fiddler makes a squeaking the emotions enjoyed by a party collected of the strings—this is called kiss 'em! a in the village to see the “old year” out and practice well understood by the tulip fanthe “new year” in. At this time, the ciers. The pipes, tobacco, and substantials “country dance” is of the first importance are on the qui vive, by the elders in another to the young and old, yet not till the week part of the house, and the pint goes often has been occupied by abundant provisions to the cellar. of meat, fruit tarts, and mince pies, which, As the clock strikes a quarter to twelve, with made wines, ales, and spirits, are, like a' bumper is given to the “old friend,' the blocks for fuel, piled in store for all standing, with three farewells ! and while partakers, gentle and simple. Extra best the church bells strike out the departure of beds, stabling, and hay, are made ready, his existence, another bumper is pledged to fine celery dug,—the china service and pew- the “ new infant," with three standing hip, ter plates examined, --in short, want and hip, hip-huzzas ! It is further customary wish are anticipated, nothing is omitted, for the dance to continue all this time, that but every effort used to give proofs of ge- the union of the years should be cemented nuine hospitality. This year, if there is to by friendly intercourse.
Feasting and be war in Portugal, many widowed hearts merriment are carried on until four or five and orphan spirits may be diverted from, not o'clock, when, as the works of the kitchen to, a scene which is witnessed in places have not been relaxed, a pile of sugar toast where peace and plenty abound. However, is prepared, and every guest must partake I will not be at war by conjecture, but sup of its sweetness, and praise it too, before pose much of the milk of human kindness separation. Headaches, lassitude, and paleto be shared with those who look at the ness, are thought little of, pleasure supsunny side of things.
presses the sigh, and the spirit of joy keeps After tea, at which the civilities of the ihe undulations of care in proper subjecmost gallant of the young assist to lighten tion-Happy times these !_Joyful opportu the task of the hostess, the fiddler is an nities borrowed out of youth to be repaid nounced, the “country dance" begins, and by ripened memory !--snatched, as it were, the lasses are all alive; their eyes seem lus- from the wings of Time to be written on his trous and their animal spirits rise to the brow with wrinkles hereafter. zero of harinonious and beautiful attraction.
HD33K, Pub shed every
Saturday, wy run anu ularke, Jin-stre!
No. 4, of
No. 4, of US TODO LHOK, Pub shed every Saturl.oy, sy nuwvauu varke, voi kost
The last Likeness of the Duke of York.
(NOW FIRST ENGRAVED) THE BUST BY BEHNES, EXECUTED FOR His Royal HIGHNESS IN 1826.
In the rude block aspiring talent sees
Towards the close of the year 1825, the and his royal sister, the princess Sophia, duke of York commenced to sit for this bust were equally delighted with the true and at his late residence in the Stable-yard, St. spirited likeness, and gratified by its posJames's ; and, in the summer of 1826, con- session, as a work of art. tinued to give sittings, till its final comple The duke of York, on giving his orders tion, at the artist's house, in Dean-street, to Mr. Behnes, left entirely to him the Soho. The marble was then removed, arrangement of the figure. With great for exhibition, to the Royal Academy, judgment, and in reference to his royal and from thence sent home to his royal highness's distinguished station, the artist highness, at Rutland-house. The duke has placed armour on the body, and thrown
a military cloak over the shoulders. This some of the most vivid illuminations which judicious combination of costume imparts blaze through the records of our national simplicity and breadth to the bust, and eloquence. assists the manly dignity of the head. The The touches of a master-hand giving duke's fine open features bear the frank and vent to the emanations of a mighty mind good - natured expression they constantly are, perhaps, no where more palpably wore in life: the resemblance being minutely traced, than throughout those scenes of the faithful, is as just to his royal highness's historical play of Richard II., where Ed. exalted and benevolent character, as it is mund of Langley, duke of York, (son of creditable to Mr. Behnes's execution. The king Edward III.,) struggles mentally bepresent engraving is a hasty sketch of its tween sentiments of allegiance to his weak general appearance. His royal highness and misguided sovereign on the one hand, kindly permitted Mr. Behnes to take casts and, on the other hand, his sense of his other from the sculpture. Of the many, there- nephew Bolingbroke's grievous wrongs, fore, who experienced the duke of York's and the injuries indicted on his country by friendship or favour, any one who desires a system of favouritism, profusion, and opto hold his royal highness's person in re- pression. membrance, has an opportunity of obtaining Equal skill and feeling are displayed in a fac-simile of the original bust, wbich is as the delineation of his son Rutland's devotlarge as life.
ed attachment to his dethroned benefactor, Mr. Behnes was the last artist to whom and the adroit detection, at a critical mothe duke sat, and, consequently, this is his ment, of the conspiracy, into which he had last likeness. The marble was in the pos- entered for Richard's restoration. session of his royal highness during his long In the subsequent play of Henry V., illness, and to the moment of his death, in (perhaps the most heari-stirring of this inArlington-street. Its final destination will teresting series,) we learn how nobly this be appropriated by those to whom he was very Rutland (who had succeeded his most attached, and on whom the disposition father, Edmund of Langley, as duke of of such a memorial necessarily devolves. York) repaid Henry IV.'s generous and
unconditional pardon, by bis heroic conTo the ample accounts of the duke of duct in the glorious field of Agincourt, York in the different journals, the Table
where he sealed his devotion to his king Book brings together a few particulars
and country with his blood. omitted to be collected, preceded by a few
Shakspeare has rendered familiar to us notices respecting his royal highness's title,
the intricate plans of deep-laid policy, and a correct list of all the dukes of York from the stormy scenes of domestic desolation, their origin, and, first, with an interesting
through which his nephew and successor, paper by a gentleman who favoured the
Richard, the next duke of York, obtained Every-Day Book with some valuable gene- ing to strictness, he was legitimately enti
a glimpse of that throne, to which, accordalogical communications.
tled just before
" York overlook'd the town of York.” SHAKSPEARE'S DUKES OF YORK, &c.
The licentious indulgence, the hardFor the Table Book.
hearted selfishness, the reckless cruelty, The elastic huoyancy of spirits, joined which history indelibly stamps as the chawith the rare affability of disposition, which racteristics of his son and successor, Edprominently marked the character of the ward, who shortly afterwards seated bimprince whose recent loss we deplore, ren self firmly on the throne, are presented to dered him the enthusiastic admirer and us in colours equally vivid and authentic. steady supporter of the English stage. I The interestingly pathetic detail of the hope I shall not be taken to task for allude, premature extinction in infancy of his ing to a trifling coincidence, on recalling to second son, prince Richard, whom he had recollection how largely the mighty master invested with the title of York, is brought of this department, our immortal Shak- before our eyes in the tragedy of Richard speare, has drawn upon his royal highness's III., with a forcible skill and a plaintive illustrious predecessors in title, in those un energy, which set the proudest efforts of rivalled dramatic sketches which unite the preceding or following dramatic writers at force of genius with the simplicity of defiance. nature, whilst they impart to the strictly To “bluff king Hal,” (who, during the accurate annals of our national history lifetime of his elder brother, Arthur, prince
of Wales, had next borne this exclusively British throne, there is a name in the
Until the time of Gibbon, the learned pageantry as for its subdued interest, in
were inclined to ascribe to Azo, the great which most of our elder readers must have patriarch of the house of Este, a direct been sufficiently fortunate to witness the male descent from Charlemagne: the brils transcendant merits of Mrs. Siddons, as
liant result of this able investigator's res Queen Catherine, surpassing even her own
searches prove, in Azo's behalf, four ceraccustomed excellence.
tain lineal ascents, and two others, highly Had, contrary to the wonted career of probable, the triumph of human intellect, a Shak
from the pure well of Italian undefiled.” speare enraptured and adorned the next generation, what studies would not the Azo, marquis or lord of Tuscany, marcharacters and fates of the martyred Charles ried Cunegunda, a daughter of a Guelph, I., and his misguided son, James II., have who was also sister of a Guelph, and heirafforded to his contemplation. Both these ess of the last Guelph. The issue of this sovereigns, during the lives of their respec- alliance was Guelph I., who, at a time bed tive elder brothers, bore the title of duke of fore titles were well settled, was either York.
duke or count of Altdorff. He was sucThe counties of York and Lancaster are ceeded by his son, Henry the Black, who the only two in England from which the married Wolfhildis, heiress of Lunenburgh, titles conferred have been exclusively en and other possessions on the Elbe, which joyed by princes of the blood royal. It descended to their son, Henry the Proud; may be safely asserted, that neither of these who wedded Gertrude, the heiress of Saxo designations has ever illustrated an indivi- ony, Brunswick, and Hanover. These dual, who was not either son, brother, large domains centered in their eldest grandson, or nephew of the sovereign of son, Henry the Lion, who married Maud, this realm.
daughter of Henry II., king of England, Richard, duke of York, killed at the and, in the conflicts of the times, lost all battle of Wakefield, may, at first sight, his possessions, except his allodial territostrike the reader as an exception to this ries of Lunenburgh, Brunswick, and Hanoassertion, he being only cousin to Henry The youngest son of this marriage VI.; but we ought to bear in mind, that was William of Winchester, or Longsword, this Richard was himself entitled to that from whom descended the dukes of Brunsthrone, of which his eldest son shortly after- wick and Lunenburgh, in Germany, prowards obtained possession, under the title genitors to the house of Hanover. His of Edward IV.
elder brother, Otho, is said to have borne By the treaty of Westphalia, concluded the title of York. at Munster, in 1648, which put an end to This Otho, duke of Saxony, the eldest the memorable war that desolated the son of Henry the Lion, and Maud, was fairest portion of the civilized world during afterwards emperor of Germany; but prethirty years, it was stipulated that the vious to attaining the imperial dignity, he bishopric of Osnaburgh, then secularized, was created earl of York by Richard I., king should be alternately possessed by a prince of England, who, according to some authoriof the catholic house of Bavaria, and the ties, subsequently exchanged with Otho, protestant house of Brunswick Lunen- and gave him the earldom of Poictou for burgh. It is somewhat remarkable, on the that of York. Otho's relation to this kingscore of dates, that the Bavarian family dom, as earl of York, and grandson of enjoyed but one presentation between the Henry II., is as interesting as his fortunes death of Ernest Augustus, duke of York, were remarkable. in 1728, and the presentation of his great,
The emperor, Henry VI., having died, great, great nephew, the lamented prince and left his son, Frederick, an infant three whose loss, in 1827, is so deeply and justly months old, to the care of his brother deplored.
Philip, duke of Suabia ; the minority of W.P. Frederick tempted pope Innocent to divest
the house of Suabia of the imperial crown, OTHO, EARL OF YORK.
and he prevailed on certain princes to elect
Otho, of Saxony, emperor: other princes More than five centuries before a prince reelected the infant Frederick. The conof the house of Brunswick sat on the tention continued between the rival candia
nto c. he nis ad -ht rd ve of
dates, with repeated elections. Otho, by his brother, the duke of Gloucester; and flattering the clergy, obtained himself to be an historian of the period calls him “a soft crowned at Rome, and assumed the title of prince.” It is certain that he had few stirOtho IV.; but some of his followers having ring qualities, and that passive virtues were been killed by the Roman citizens he me not valued in an age when they were of ditated revenge, and instead of returning to little service to contending parties. In Germany, reconquered certain possessions 1402, three years after the accession of usurped from the empire by the pope. For Henry IV., he died at his manor of Langthis violence Otho was excommunicated ley, and was interred in the priory there. by the holy father, who turned his influ
II. ence in behalf of the youthful Frederick, and procured him to be elected emperor Edward Plantagenet, second duke of instead. Otho had a quarrel with Philip York, was son of the first duke, grandson Augustus, king of France, respecting an old to Edward III., and great uncle to Henry wager between them. Philip, neither be- V., by whose side he valiantly fought and lieving nor wishing that Otho could attain perished, in the field of Agincourt, October the imperial dignity, had wagered the best 25, 1415. city in his kingdom against whichever he
III. should select of Otho's baggage horses, if he carried his point. After Otho bad Richard Plantagenet, third duke of York, achieved it, he seriously demanded the city nephew of the second duke, and son of of Paris from Philip, who quite as seriously Richard earl of Cambridge, who was exerefused to deliver up his capital. War cuted for treason against Henry V., was ensued, and in the decisive battle of restored to his paternal honours by Henry Bovines, called the “ battle of the spurs," VI., and allowed to succeed to his uncle's from the number of knights who perished, inheritance. As he was one of the most Philip defeated Otho at the head of twó illustrious by descent, so he became one of hundred thousand Germans. The imperial the most powerful subjects through his dragon, which the Germans, in their wars, dignities and alliances. After the death of were accustomed to plant on a great armed the duke of Bedford, the celebrated regent chariot with a guard chosen from the of France, he was appointed to succeed flower of the army, fell into the hands of him, and with the assistance of the valorous the victors, and the emperor himself barely lord Talbot, afterwards earl of Shrewsbury, escaped at the hazard of his life. This maintained a footing in the French territobattle was fought in August, 1215; and ries upwards of five years. The incapacity Otho, completely vanquished, retreated of Henry VI. incited him to urge his claim upon his devotions, and died in 1218, to the crown of England in right of his without issue.*
mother, through whom he descended from The wager, in its consequences so dis- Philippa, only daughter of the duke of astrous to the Germans, and so illustrious Clarence, second son to Edward III.; to the French arms, was made with Philip whereas the king descended from the while Otho was passing through France on duke of Lancaster, third son of that mohis way from the court of England. Col- narch. The duke's superiority of descent, his lectors of “engraved British portraits,” and valour and mildness in various high emthe portraits of persons who “ come into ployments, and his immense possessions, England,” should look to this. How many derived through numerous successions, gave illustrated “ Grangers' are there with a him influence with the nobility, and proportrait of Otho IV., earl of York?
cured him formidable connections. Ile levied war against the king, and without
material loss slew about five thousand of THE DUKES OF YORK. the royal forces at St. Alban's, on the 22d I.
of May, 1452. This was the first blood
spilt in the fierce and fatal quarrel between Edmund Plantagenet, surnamed De the rival houses of York and Lancaster, Langley, from his birth-place, fifth son of which lasted thirty years, was signalized by king Edward III., was first created earl of twelve pitched battles, cost the lives of Cambridge by his father, and afterwards eighty princes of the blood, and almost created duke of York by his nephew, annihilated the ancient nobility of England. Richard II. He was much influenced by After this battle, the duke's irresolution, and
the heroism of Margaret, queen of Henry • Hist. of House of Austria. Rapin. Favine. VI., caused a suspension of hostilities.