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ORAN-OUTANG, 22 Jesi 911

will ear of the table, pursuit, because ito Durham, 12,000; at Brixton e exceeds tree on which he was reclining exhausted ;

proved But a poor reward før dhe fatigue; mus seronyEXTRAORDINARY Bas 21897

gilt 900718 vi peatable. From that times the deer were is liszt

boow sla seer no more sini Beann Doran ; tand none 3.1 THE WILD MAN OF THE Woods. 9732 now appear in Glén Urcha, lexcept when, in 1994 a hard winter, a solitary-stage wanders: out -The largest and most remarkable oranof the forest of Dalness, and passes down outang ever seen by Europeans, was disGlen Strae or Corrar Fhuár. doiaw ponileri covered by an officer of the ship q Mary

The same causes which had extirpated Anne Sophia, in the year 1824, at a place the deer from Glen Urcha has equally acted called Ramboon, near Touromon, on the in most the sheep appear, their numbers begin to 2. When the officer alluded to first saw the decrease, and at length they become totally animal, he assembled his people, and ifolextinct. The reasons of this apparently lowed him to á tree in a cultivated spot, on singular consequence is, the closeness with which he took refuge. His walk was eregt which the sheep feed, and whichg where and waddling, but not quick, and he was they abound, so consumes the pasturage, as obliged occasionally to accelerate his motion hot to leave sufficient for the deer : still with his hands i; but with a; bough which more is it owing to the unconquerable he carried, che simpelled himself forward antipathy which these animals have for the with great rapidity. When he reached the former.si This dislike is so great, that they trees his strength was shown in a high cannot endure the smell of their wonly and degree, for with one spring (the gained a never mix with them in the most remote very lofty branch, and bounded from it situations, or where there is the mosťample with the ease of the smaller animals of his pasturage for both. te They have no abhor- kind. Had the circumjacent land been tence of this kind to cattle, but, where large covered with wood, he would scertainly herds of these are kept, will feed and lie have escaped from his pursuers, for his among the stírks and steers with the great- mode of travelling by bough or tree was ás est familiarity. - Taoi .:: 989 LICET

rapid as the progress of a very fleet horsel: soft "Viu POMOMIS 7362

but at Ramboon there are but few trees left in the midst of cultivated fields, and

amongst these calone he jumped about to b91990 eur

avoid being taken.s He was first shot on a ad su HIGHLAND MEALS. 100-ILIO tree, and after having received five balls, Among the peculiarities of highland to loss of blood ; and the ammunition


his exertion was relaxed, owing, no doubt, manners is an avowed contempt.- for the

ing been by that time expended, This luxuries

purand sufficient other measures for his destruction. - One

suers were obliged to haves recourse to discrimination : but, were he to-stop in any of the first balls probably penetrated his

was meal time, to growl lungs, for immediately after the infliction over a bad or visibly good one, the manly dignity of his character from a branch with his head downwards,

of the wound, he slung himself by his feet would be considered as fallen for ever.

and allowed the blood to flow from his mouth. On receiving a wound, he always

put his hand over the injured part, and the 1 - fit 3 : 5,1 cm (TYO :: : human-like agony of his expression had the

din 20

natural effect of exciting painful feelings in TREAD MILLS, 16:31 ->]1'

51 sepong 307 his assailants. The peasantry seemed cas At Lewes, each prisoner walks at the amazed at the sight of him as the crew rate of 6,600 feet in ascent per day; at of the ship; for they had never seenione Ipswich, 7,450; at St. Alban's, 8,000;

before, although living within two days' Bury, 8,650; at Cambridge, 10,176; at journey from the vast and impenetrable

forests on the island. They cut down the and Readingthe 13,000; while at Warwick, the summer

but the moment he found it , he rate is about 17,000 feet in ten hours.

exerted his remaining strength, and gained

finally brought to the ground, and forced to Mrs. Grant.

combat his unrelenting foes, who now + The Times so 11625

gathered very thickly round, and discharged


appetilishlarida hunter

ly exult over a

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The first spear, mud haly strong sup- allowing the six inches and a halt, for the made. The height already mentioned is made naturally are there 12th of

spears and other missiles against him. make seven feet six inches and a half; and ple

that would result from the Strength in the he no

broken folding of the skin over the shoulders, the a carrot, and had not been height would then be fall seven feet,

This in almost a dying state, it was feared that is the greatest ascertained height of any he would have severed the heads of some of tail-less monkey mentioned in the several the party with equal ease. He felt, at notices which Dra' Abel, collected from length, under innumerable stabs inflicted different writers on man.like apes. I tbly the peasantry lisa Cavedanii toloo b The skin itself was of a dark deaden

The animal is supposed to have travelled colour; the zbairi ra brownish red, shaggy, some distance from the place where he was and long over the shoulders and flanks. di billed, as his legs were covered with mud v11 Dr. Abel <remarked, that of the small up to the knees. His hands and feet had animals more particularly known in Europe,

great analogy to human hands and feet, under the desigñation of oran-outang, one only that the thumbs were smaller in pro. was an inhabitant of Africa, and the other portion, and situated nearer the wrist-joint. of the east. Several living specimens of His body was well proportioned; he had a both have been seen in Europe, but all fine broad expanded chest andhari narrow were of small stature, and very young, waist, but his legs were rather short, and his never exceeding three feet in height, or as árms very long, though both possessed such many years of age. These animals were ssinew and muscle as left no doubt of their long' considered as varieties of the same strength. His head was welk proportioned species, although in point of fact they are with his body, and the nose prominent; very distinctly separated by: external chathe eyes were large, and the mouth larger racter and anatomical distinctions. The than the mouth in mans His chin - was African animal being oalways - black with fringed, from the extremity of one ear to large ears, the eastern specimens as invathe bother, with a shaggy beard, curling viably having reddish brown hair, and very luxuriantly on each side, and forming alto- small ears; the former also are unprovided gether an ornamental, rather than a fright- with the sacs communicating with the ful appendage to his ovisage. When he windpipe, which are always found in the was first killed, the hair of his coat was latter.* ssmooth and glossy, and his teeth and Different naturalists have deemed the whole appearance indicated that he was oran-outang to be the connecting link beyoung, and in the fall possession of his tween the brute and t human being; physical powers. He was nearly eight feet high.5206+789

int! Ei

1917 The skin and fragments of this surprising

LEARNING oran-outang were presented to the Asiatic Society at Calcutta ; and on the 5th

to sem "not a dangerous thing. 15:5 of January, 1825, Dr. Abel examined

Mr. Thomas Campbell having been chothem, and read the observations he had

sen lord rector of the university of Glasgow,

on adcording to the estimate of those who ,

following saw the animal alive, but the measure estimable remarks on desultory attainment of the skin went far to determine this ments-;question. The skin, dried and shrivelled

“ In comparing small learned acquisias it was, in a straight line from the top of tions with none at all, it appears to me to the shoulder to the point whence the ancle be equally absurd to consider a little learnhad been removed, measured five feet ten ing valueless, or even dangerous, as some cinches ze the perpendicular length of the will have it, as, to talk of a little virtue, a neck in the preparation, was three inches little wealth, or health, or cheerfulness, or a and we halfy the length of the face, from the little of any other blessing under heaven, forehead to the chin, nine inches, and of being worthless or dangerous.si era fire skin attached to the foot, from the line

To abjure any degree of information, of its séparation from the body to the beel, because we cannot grasp the whole circle Leight: inches. The measurements were of the sciences, or sound the depths of made by Dr. Abeli himself. Thus we have erudition, appears to be just about as sensiopre foot eight inches and a half to be added ble as if we were to shut up our windows,

to the five feet ten inches, in order to Dapproximate his real stature, which would # Calcutta Government Gazette, Jan. 13, 1825.


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because they are too narrow, or because the Europe from Spain; that the Spaniards reglass has not the magnifying power of a ceived them from the Moors, the Moors telescope.

from the Arabians, and the Arabians from " For the smallest quantity of knowledge the Indians. that a man can acquire, he is bound to be Bishop Huet, however, thinks it impro. contentedly thankful, provided his fate bable that the Arabians received figures shuts him out from the power of acquiring from the Indians, but, on the contrary, that a larger portion--but whilst the possibility the Indians obtained them from the Ara.. of farther advancement remains, be as bians, and the Arabians from the Grecians ; proudly discontented as ye will with a little from whom, in fact, they acquired a know learning. For the value of knowledge is ledge of every science they possessed. The like that of a diamond, it increases accor. shape of the figures they received underding to its magnitude, even in much more went a great alteration; yet if we examine than a geometrical ratio.-One science and them, divested of prejudice, we shall find literary pursuit throws light upon another, yery manifest traces of the Grecian figures, and there is a connection, as Cicero re which were nothing more than letters of marks, among them all

their alphabet.

A small comma, or dot, was their mark « « Omnes Artes, quæ ad humanitatem for units. pertinent, habent quoddam commune vin The letter B (b) if its two extremities are culum, et quasi gnatione quadam inter erased, produces the figure 2. se continentur.'

If we form the letter y (g) with more in“No doubt a man ought to devote him- clination to the left than usual, shorten the self, in the main, to one departnıent of foot, and give some rotundity to the left knowledge, but still he will be all the better horns near the left side, we shall make the for making himself acquainted with studies figure 3. which are kindred to and with that pursuit.

The letter A (D) is the figure 4, as ve -The principle of the extreme division of should find on giving the left leg a perpenlabour, so useful in a pin manufactory, if dicular form, and lengthening it below the introduced into learning, may produce, in- base, which also should be enlarged towards deed, some minute and particular improve the left. ments, but, on the whole, it tends to cramp From the . (e short) is formed the 5, by human intellect.

only bringing towards the right side the “ That the mind may, and especially in demicircle which is beneath inclining to the early youth, be easily distracted by too left. many pursuits, must be readily admitted. From the figure 5 they made the 6, by But I now beg leave to consider myself leaving out the foot, and rounding the addressing those among you, who are con

body. scious of great ambition, and of many

Of the Z (Z) they make the 7, by leaving faculties; and what I say, may regard out the base. rather the studies of your future than of If we turn the four corners of the H (e your present years.

long) towards the inside, we shall make the “ To embrace different pursuits, diame- figure 8. trically opposite, in the wide circle of human The (th) was the figure 9 without any knowledge, must be pronounced to be al alteration. most universally impossible for a single The nought was only a point which they mind.—But I cannot believe that any strong added to their figures, to make them ten mind weakens its strength, in any one

it was necessary that this point branch of learning, by diverging into cog- should be made very distinctiy, to which nate studies; on the contrary, I believe end they formed it like a circle, and filled that it will return home to the main object, it up; this method we have neglected. bringing back illustrative treasures from all Theophanus, the Eastern chronologist, its excursions into collateral pursuits.” says in express terms, that the Arabians

had retained the Grecian numbers, not

having sufficient characters in their own FIGURES, AND NUMBERS. language to mark them.

Menage says, they were first employed Respecting the origin of the numeral in Europe in 1240, in the Alphonsian Tafigures 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, there are bles, made under the direction of Alphonso, various opinions, but the one most generally son to king Ferdinand of Castile, by Isaac received is, that they were brought into Hazan, a Jew of Toledo, and Abel Ragel,

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times more ;

an Arabian. . Dr. Wallis conceives they Vitruvius also makes the same remark; 'were generally used in England about the he says, ". Ex manibus denarius digitorum year 1130.

numerus." In the indexes of some old French books We have refined, however, upon the coni these figures are called Arabic ciphers, to venience which nature has furnished us distinguish them from Roman numerals. with to assist us in our calculations; for

we not only use our fingers, but likewise

various figures, which we place in different NUMBER X, 10.

situations, and combine in certain ways, to

express our ideas. It is observed by Huet as a remarkable circumstance, that for calculation and numerical increase the number 10 is always used, and that decimal progression is pre

Many unlettered nations, as the inhabits ferred to every other. The cause of this ants of Guinea, Madagascar, and of the preference arises from the number of our interior parts of America, know_not how fingers, upon which men accustom them

to count farther than ten. The Brasilians, selves to reckon from their infancy. First, and several others, cannot reckon beyond they count the units on their fingers, and five; they multiply that number to express when the units exceed that number, they their fingers and toes. The natives of Peru

a greater, and in their calculations they use have recourse to another ten. ber of tens increase, they still reckon on

use decimal progression; they count from their fingers; and if they surpass that num

one to ten; by tens to a hundred ; and by ber, they then commence a different species hundreds to a thousand. Plutarch says, of calculation by the same agents; as thus that decimal progression was not only used --reckoning each finger for tens, then for among the Grecians, but also by every unhundreds, thousands, &c.

civilized nation. From this mode of reckoning by the fingers then, we have been led to prefer the number ten, though it is not so convenient and useful a number as twelve. Ten can only be divided by two and five, but twelve

mniana. can be divided by two, three, four, and six. · The Roman numbers are adduced in proof of the origin of reckoning by the

FOX, THE QUAKER. number ten, viz.

The units are marked by the letter I, This individual, many years deceased, which represent a finger.

was a most remarkable man in his circle; The number five is marked by the letter

a great natural genius, which employed V, which represents the first and last finger itself upon trivial or not generally interestof a hand.

ing matters. He deserved to have been Ten, by an X, which is two V's joined known better than he was. The last years at their points, and which two V's represent of his life he resided at Bristol. He was a the two hands.

great.Persian scholar, and published some Five tens are marked by an L; that is translations of the poets of that nation, half the letter E, which is the same as C, which were well worthy perusal. He was the mark for a hundred.

self-taught, and had patience and perseverFive hundred is marked by a D, half of

ance for any thing. He was somewhat the letter o, which is the same as M, the eccentric, but had the quickest reasoning mark for a thousand.

power, and consequently the greatest coolAccording to this, the calculation of the ness, of any man of his day, who was able Roman numbers was from five to five, that

to reason. His house took fire in the is, from one hand to the other. Ovid makes night; it was situated near the sea; it was mention of this mode, as also of the num

uninsured, and the flames spread so rapidly ber ten :

nothing could be saved. He saw the con

sequences instantly, made up his mind to “ Hic numeris magno tunc in honore fuit.

them as rapidly, and ascending a hill at Seu quia tot digiti per quos numerare solemnus, some distance in the rear of his dwelling, Seu quia bis quino femina mense parit.

watched the picture and the reflection of Seu quod ad usque decem numero crescente venitur: the flames on the sea, admiring its beauties, Principium spatiis sumitur inde novis."

as if it were a holiday bonfire.


within eight or ten days afterwards, and

the curate was paid his fees in his own The first diving-bell we read of was note of hand. nothing but a very large kettle, suspended by ropes, with the mouth downwards, and planks to sit on fixed in the middle of its concavity. Two Greeks at Toledo, in 1588,

THE TANNER. made an experiment with it before the emperor Charles V. They descended in it,

AN EPIGRAM,' with a lighted candle, to a considerable

A Bermondsey tanner would often engage, depth. In 1683, William Phipps, the son

In a long tête-à-tête with his dame, of a blacksmith, formed a project for un

While trotting to town in the Kennington stage, loading a rich Spanish ship sunk on the

About giving their villa a name. coast of Hispaniola. Charles II. gave him a ship with every thing necessary for his

A neighbour, thus hearing the skin-dresser talk,

Stole out, half an hour after dark, undertaking; but being unsuccessful, he

Pick'd up in the roadway a fragment of chalk, returned in great poverty. He then endeavoured to procare another vessel, but

And wrote on the palings" Hide Park !"* failing, he got a subscription, to which the duke of Albemarle contributed. In 1687, Phipps set sail in a ship of two hundred tons, having previously engaged to divide

FRIENDSHIP ON THE NAIL. the profits according to the twenty shares of which the subscription consisted. At with Menage, he told him he was

When Marigny contracted a friendship first all his labours proved fruitless ; but at

upon last

, when he seemed almost to despair, he his nail.” It was a method he had of was fortunate enough to bring up so much speaking of all his friends; he also used it treasure, that he returned to England with

in his letters; one which he wrote to Methe value of 200,0001. sterling. Of this nage begins thus ; “Oh! illustrious of my

nail." sum he got about 20,0001., and the duke 90,0001. Phipps was knighted by the king,

When Marigny said, “ you are upon my and laid the foundation of the fortunes of nail,” he meant two things-one, that the the present noble house of Mulgrave. person was always present, nothing being Since that time diving bells have been often

more easy than to look at his nail; the employed. On occasion of the breaking


was, that good and real friends were in of the water of the Thames during the

so scarce, that even he who had the most, progress of the tunnel under the Thames, might write their names on his nail. Mr. Brunel frequently descended in one to the bed of the river,




TO THE CHANCE CUSTOMERS " The ruling passion strong in death." In “ Arliquiniana" avarice, and love of gaming, are exemplified by the following COMPANY OF FLYING STATIONERS. anecdote :

A French woman, who resided on her Formerly there was a numerous class estate in the country, falling ill, sent to the who believed every thing they saw in print. yillage curate, and offered to play with him. It is just possible that a few of these perThe curate being used to gaming, gladly entertained the proposal, and they played suadable persons may survive; I therefore together till he lost all his money. She venture to remark, that my name printed then offered to play with him for the ex on the squibs now crying about the streets penses of her funeral, in case she should

is a forgery. die. They played, and the curate losing these also, she obliged him to give her his

W. HONE. note of hand for so much money lent, as

June 8, 1827. her funeral expenses would amount to. She delivered the note to her son, and died

* New Monthly Magazine.

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