Зображення сторінки


[ocr errors][ocr errors]

in the press

judgment, which I wanted. What advantages a heartfelt pleasure in mentioning this indulmight have been ultimately derived from them, gence of my college: it could arise from nothing there was unhappily no opportunity of ascertain but the liberal desire inherent, I think, in the ing, as it pleased the Almighty to call him to

menbers of both our Universities, to encourage himself by a sudden death, before we had quite every thing that bears even the most distant refinished the first Satire. He died with a letter semblance to talents; for I had no claims on of mine, unopened, in his hands.

them from any particular exertions. This event, which took place on the 15th of The lapse of many months had now soothed January, 1781, afflicted me beyond measure. and tranquillized my mind, and I once more reI was not only deprived of a most faithful and turned to the translation, to which a wish to affectionate friend, but of a zealous and ever serve a young man surrounded with difficulties active protector, on whom I confidently relied had induced a number of respectable characters for support: the sums that were still necessary to set their names; but alas, what a mortificafor me, he always collected; and it was to be tion! I now discovered, for the first time, that feared that the assistance which was not solicited my own inexperience, and the advice of my tov, with warmth, would insensibly cease to be af too partial friend, had engaged me in a work, forded.

for the due execution of which my literary atIn many instances this was actually the case : tainments were by no means sufficient. Errors the desertion, however, was not general; and I and misconceptions appeared in every page. I was encouraged to hope, by the unexpected had, perhaps, caught something of the spirit of friendship of Servington Savery, a gentleman Juvenal, but his meaning had frequently escaped who voluntarily stood forth as my patron, and me, and I saw the necessity of a long and pain. watched over my interests with kindness and ful revision, which would carry me far beyond attention.

the period fixed for the appearance of the voSome time before Mr. Cookesley's death, we Alarmed at the prospect, I instantly had agreed that it would be proper to deliver résolved (if not wisely, yet I trust honestly,) to out, with the terms of subscription, a specimen rénounce the publication for the present. of the manner in which the translation was In pursuance of this resolution, I wrote to

my executed. To obviate any idea of selection, a friend in the country, (the Rev. Servington Sasheet was accordingly taken from the beginning very,) requesting him to return the subscription of the first Satire. My friend died while it was money in his hands to the subscribers. He did

not approve of my plan ; nevertheless he proAfter a few melancholy weeks, I resumed the mised, in a letter, which now lies before me, to translation ; but found myself utterly incapable comply with it; and, in a subsequent one, added of proceeding. I had been so accustomed to that he had already begun to do so. connect the name of Mr. Cookesley with every For myself, I also made several repayments ; part of it, and I laboured with such delight in and trusted a sum of money to make others, the hope of giving him pleasure, that now, when with a fellow collegian, who, not long after, fell he appeared to have left me in the midst of my by his own hands in the presence of his father. enterprise, and I was abandoned to my own But there were still some whose abode could not efforts, I seemed to be engaged in a hopeless be discovered, and others, on whom to press the struggle, without motive or end : and his idea taking back of eight shillings would neither be which was perpetually recurring to me, brought decent nor respectful: even from these I ventured such bitter anguish with it, that I shut up the to flatter myself that I should find pardon, when work with feelings bordering on distraction. on some future day I should present them with

To relieve my mind, I had recourse to other the Work, (which I was still secretly determined pursuits. I endeavoured to become more inti- to complete,), rendered more worthy of their mately acquainted with the classics, and to patronage, and increased by notes, which I now acquire some of the modern languages: by per- perceived to be absolutely necessary, to more mission too, or rather recommendations of the than double its proposed size. Rector and Fellows, I also undertook the care of In the leisure of a country residence, I imaa few pupils: this removed much of my anxiety gined that this might be done in two years : respecting my future means of support. I have perhaps I was not too sanguine : the experi

ment, however, was not made, for about this

time a circumstance happened, which changed * I began this unadorned narrative on the 15th of January1801: twenty years have therefore elapsed my views, and indeed my whole system of life. since I lost my benefactor and my friend. In the in 'I had contracted an acquaintance with a perterval I have wept a thousand times at the recollection son of the name of - recommended to my of his goodness; I yet cherish his memory with filial respect; and at this distant period, my heart sinks

particular notice by a gentleman of Devonshire, witkin me at every repetition of his name.

whom I was proud of an opportunity to oblige. + Many of these papers were distributed; terms, This person's residence at Oxford was not long, which I extract from one of them, were these : “ The and when he returned to town I maintained a work shall be printed in quarto, (without notes,) and

correspondence with him by letters. At his

particular request, these were enclosed in covers, “ The price will be sixteen shillings in hoards, half and sent to Lord Grosvenor: one day I inadto be paid at the time of subscribing, the remainder on delivery of the book.”

vertently omitted the direction, and his lordship,

be delivered to the Subscribers in the month of December next.




years !*

necessarily supposing the letter to be meant for fered us to suspect for a moment the labour, and himself

, opened and read it. There was some the talents of more than one kind, absolutely thing in it, which attracted his notice, and when necessary to its success in any tolerable degree. he gave it to my friend, he had the curiosity to Such as I could make it, it is now before the inquire about his correspondent at Oxford ; and, public. upon the answer he received, the kindness to

majora canamus. desire that he might be brought to see him upon his coming to town: to this circumstance, purely accidental on all sides, and to this alone, I owe

End of the Memoir. my introduction to that noblēman.

On my first visit, he asked me what friends I had, and what were my prospects in life; and I told him that I had no friends, and no prospects

Mr. GIFFORD. of any kind. He said no more; but when I called to take leave, previous to returning to

Having attained an university education college, I found that this simple exposure of my

by private benevolence, and arrived at noble circumstances had sunk deep into his mind. At

and powerful patronage by a circumstance parting, he informed me that he charged himself purely accidental Mr. Gifford possessed with my present support, and future establish- advantages which few in humble life dare ment; and that till this last could be effected to hope, and fewer aspire to achieve. He my wish, I should come and reside with him. improved his learned leisure and patrician These were not words, of course : they were aid, till, in 1802, he published his translamore than fulfilled in every point. I did go, and tion of Juvenal, with a dedication to earl reside with him; and I experienced a warm and Grosvenor, and the preceding memoir. In cordial reception, a kind and affectionate esteem, 1806, the work arrived to a second edition, that has known neither diminution nor interrup- and in 1817 to a third ; to the latter he antion from that hour to this, à period of twenty nexed a translation of the Satires of Per

In his lordship's house I proceeded with Ju- sius, which he likewise dedicated to ear! vena!, till I was called upon to accompany his Grosvenor, with “ admiration of his talents son (one of the most amiable and accomplished and virtues.” He had previously distinyoung noblemen that this country, fertile in such guished himself by the “* Baviad and Mæ. characters, could ever boast) to the continent viad," a satire unsparingly severe on certain With him, in two successive tours, I spent many fashionable poetry and characters of the years; years of which the remembrance will day; and which may perhaps be referred always be dear to me, from the recollection that to as the best specimen of his powers and a friendship was then contracted, which time inclination. He edited the plays of Masand a more intimate knowledge of each other, singer, and the works of Ben Jonson, whom have mellowed into a regard that forms at once

he ably and successfully defended from the pride and happiness of my life.

It is long since i háve been returned and charges of illiberal disposition towards settled in the bosóm of competence and peace,

Shakspeare, and calumnies of a personal my translation frequently engaged my thoughts, nature, which had been repeated and inbút I had lost the ardour and the confidence of creased by successive commentators. He youth, and was seriously doubtful of my abilities lived to see his edition of Ford's works to do it justice. I have wished a thousand through the press, and Shirley's works were times that I could decline it altogether; but the nearly completed by the printer before he ever-recurring idea that there were people of died. the description already mentioned, who had just When the “ Quarterly Review " and forcible claims on me for the due perform- projected, Mr. Gifford was selected as best ance of my engagement, forbad the thought; qualified to conduct the new journal, and and I slowly proceeded towards the completion he remained its editor till within two years of a work in which I should never have engaged preceding his death. Besides the private had my friend's inexperience, or my own,

emoluments of his pen, Mr. Gifford had

six hundred pounds a year as a comptroller I have a melancholy satisfaction in recording that of the lottery, and a salary of three hunthis revered friend and patron lived to witness my grateful acknowledgment of his kindness. He sur

dred pounds as paymaster of the band of vived the appearance of the translation but a very few gentlemen-pensioners. days, and I paid the last sad duty to his memory, by attending his remains to the grave. To me this la borious work has not been happy: the same disastrous event that marked its commencement, has embittered its conclusion; and frequently forced upon my recol

To his friend, Dr. Ireland, the dean of lection the calamity of the rebuilder of Jericho, “ He Westminster, who was the depositary of Laid the foundation thereof in Abiram, his first born, Mr. Gifford's wishes in his last moments, and set up the gates thereof in his youngest son, Se.

he addressed, during their early career, the


g7b." 1806.

following imitation of the “ Otium Divos Rogat” of Horace.—"'I transcribe it,” says Mr. Gifford, “ for the press, with mingled sensations of gratitude and delight, at the favourable change of circumstances which we have both experienced since it was written.”

manded the sum from his master, and gave
notice that he would quit his place. The
master inquired the reason of the man's
precipitancy, who told his lordship, “ that
he and a fellow-servant were about to set
up a country bank, and they wanted the
wages for a capital !"

Wolfe rush'd on death in manhood's bloom,
Paulet crept slowly to the tomb;

Here breath, there fame was given :
And that wise Power who weighs our lives,

By contras, and by pros, contrives

In “The Times," a few days since, ap-
To keep the balance even.

peared the following advertisement :-“ To To thee she gave two piercing eyes,

School AssistANTS.-Wanted, a respectA body, just of Tydeus' size,

able gentleman of good character, capable A judgment sound, and clear;

of teaching the classics as far as Homer, A mind with various science fraught,

and Virgil. Apply, &c. &c. A day or A liberal soul, a threadbare coat,

two after the above had appeared, the genAnd forty pounds a year.

tleman to whom application was to be

made received a letter as follows :-“ SirTo me, one eye, not over good ;

With reference to an advertisement which Two sides, that, to their cost, have stood

were inserted in The Times newspaper a A ten years' hectic cough;

few days since, respecting a school assistAches, stitches, all the numerous ills

ant, I beg to state that I should be happy That swell the dev'lish doctors' bills,

to fill that situation; but as most of my And sweep poor mortals off.

frends reside in London, and not knowing A coat more bare than thine; a soul

how far Homer and Virgil is from town, I That spurns the crowd's malign controul ;

beg to state that I should not like to engage A fix'd contempt of wrong ;

to teach the classics farther than Hammer. Spirits above affliction's pow'r,

smith or Turnham Green, or at the very utAnd skill to charm the lonely hour

most distance, farther than Brentford, With no inglorious song.

Wating your reply, I am, Sir, &c. &c.

“ John Sparks.”

The schoolmaster, judging of the clas-

sical abilities of this "youth of promise,”

by the wisdom displayed in his letter, conADVERTISEMENT.

sidered him too dull a spark for the situaThe following is a literal copy of an tion, and his letter remained unanswered. English card, circulated by the master of (This puts us in mind of a person who once an hotel, at Ghent :

advertised for a “strong coal heaver," and “ Mr. Dewit, in the Golden Apple, out a poor man calling upon him the day after, of the Bruges Gate at Ghent, has the saying, “ he had not got such a thing as a honour to prevent the Persons who would strong coal heaver, but he had brought come at his house, that they shall find there a 'strong coal scuttle,' made of the best always good and spacious Lodging, a Table iron; and if that would answer the purpose, served at their taste, Wine of any quality, he should have it a bargain.”)— Times, 1st ect. Besides he hires Horses and Chaises, January, 1827. which shall be of a great conveniency for the Travellers ; the Bark of Bruges depart and arrives every day before his door. He

MISSING A STYLE. dares flatter himself that they shall be satisfied; as well with the cheapness of

Soon after the publication of Miss Burthe price, as with the cares such an esta- ney's novel, called “ Cecilia," a young lady blishment requires."

was found reading it. After the general
topics of praise were exhausted, she was

asked whether she did not greatly admire

the style ? Reviewing the incidents in her

memory, she replied, “ The style? the A nobleman's footman in Hampshire, to style ?-Oh! sir, I am not come to that whom two years' wages were due, de

yet !

[merged small][ocr errors]
[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][graphic][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]

“ I, that do bring the news.”

Our calling, however the vulgar may deem,
Was of old, both on high and below, in esteem;
E'en the gods were to much curiosity given,
For Hermes was only the Newsman of heaven.
Hence with wings to his cap, and his staff, and his heels,
He depictured appears, which our mystry reveals,
That news fies like wind, to raise sorrow or laughter,
While, leaning on Time, Truth comes heavily after.

Newsmen's Verses, 1747. The newsman is a “ lone person.” His All the year round, and every day in the business, and he, are distinct from all other year, the newsman must rise soon after four occupations, and people.

o'clock, and be at the newspaper offices to Vol. 1.-3.

procure a few of the first morning pa. “ It has not been left an hour,"

'-or any pers allotted to him, at extra charges, for other pretence equally futile or untrue, particular orders, and despatch them by the which, were he to allow, would prevent him * early coaches." Afterwards, he has to wait from serving his readers in rotation, or at for his share of the "regular" publication all. If he can get all his morning papers of each paper, and he allots these as well from these customers by four o'clock, he is as he can among some of the most urgent of a happy man. his town orders. The next publication at Soon after three in the afternoon, the a later hour is devoted to his remaining newsman and some of his boys must be at customers; and he sends off his boys with the offices of the evening papers; bu: bedifferent portions according to the supply fore he can obtain his requisite numbers, he successively receives. Notices frequently he must wait till the newsmen of the Royal and necessarily printed in different papers, Exchange have received theirs, for the of the hour of final publication the pre- use of the merchants on 'Change. Some ceding day, guard the interests of the news of the first he gets are hurried off to coffeepaper proprietors from the sluggishness of house and tavern keepers. When he has the indolent, and quicken the diligent procured his full quantity, he supplies the newsman. Yet, however skilful his arrange- remainder of his town customers. These ments may be, they are subject to unlooked disposed of, then comes the hasty folding for accidents. The late arrival of foreign and directing of his reserves for the counjournals, a parliamentary debate unexpect- try, and the forwarding of them to the edly protracted, or an article of importance post-office in Lombard-street, or in parcels in one paper exclusively, retard the print for the mails, and to other coach-offices. ing and defer the newsman. His patience, The Gazette nights, every Tuesday and well-worn before he gets his “last papers,

, Friday, add to his labours,—the publimust be continued during the whole period cation of second and third editions of the he is occupied in delivering them. The evening papers is a super-addition. On sheet is sometimes half snatched before he what he calls a “ regular day,” he is fortucan draw it from his wrapper; he is often nate if he find himself settled within his chid for delay when he should have been own door by seven o'clock, after fifteen praised for speed; his excuse, All the hours of running to and fro. papers were late this morning,” is better only that he can review the business of the heard than admitted, for neither giver nor day, enter his fresh orders, ascertain how receiver has time to parley; and before he many of each paper he will require on the gets home to dinner, he hears at one house morrow, arrange his accounts, provide for that “Master has waited for the paper these the money he may have occasion for, eat two hours ;" at another, “ Master's gone the only quiet meal he could reckon upon out, and says if you can't bring the paper since that of the evening before, and “steal earlier, he won't have it all ;' and some a few hours from the night" for needful ill-conditioned “

master,” perchance, leaves rest, before he rises the next morning to a positive orders, “ Don't take it in, but tell day of the like incessant occupation : and the man to bring the bill; and I'll pay it thus from Monday to Saturday he labours and have done with him."

every day. Besides buyers, every newsman has read The newsman desires no work but his ers at so much each paper per hour. One own to prove

Sunday no Sabbath ;" for class stipulates for a journal always at on him and his brethren devolves the cirbreakfast; another, that it is to be deli- culation of upwards of fifty thousand Sunvered exactly at such a time; a third, at day papers in the course of the forenoon. any time, so that it is left the full hour; and His Sunday dinner is the only meal he can among all of these there are malecontents, ensure with his family, and the short rewho permit nothing of “ time or circum- mainder of the day the only time he can stance to interfere with their personal con- enjoy in their society with certainty, or venience. Though the newsman delivers, extract something from, for more serious and allows the use of his paper, and fetches duties or social converse. it, for a stipend not half equal to the lowest The newsman's is an out-of-door busipaid porter's price for letter-carrying in ness at all seasons, and his life is measured London, yet he finds some, with whom he out to unceasing toil. In all weathers, covenanted, objecting, when it is called for, hail, rain, wind, and snow, he is daily con

" I've not had my breakfast,"_" Thé strained to the way and the fare of a waypaper did not come at the proper time,' faringman. He walks, or rather runs, to dis

I've not had leisure to look at it yet,” tribute information concerning all sorts of

It is now

« НазадПродовжити »