« НазадПродовжити »
to hunting, were hawking, falconry, and ed sportsmen attempted to stay the Dorsetcocking.
shire hounds in vain. The dogs topped the Packs of bounds were always kept in highest fences, dashed through herds of the neighbourhood of the chase, and hunted deer and a number of hares, without taking there in the proper seasons.
There were the least notice of them; and ran in to their three sorts of animals of chase besides deer, fox, and killed hinı some miles beyond the viz. foxes, hares, and mertincats : the race park. It was the unanimous opinion of of the latter are nearly extinct; their skins the whole hunt, that it was the finest run were too valuable for them to be suffered ever known in that country. A collection to exist. At that time no hounds were of field-money was made for the huntsman, kept and used for any particular sort of much beyond his expectations; and he regame except the buck-hounds, but they turned to Stepleton in better spirits than he hunted casually the first that came in their left it. way.
Before this pack was raised in Dorset
shire, the hounds that hunted Cranbourn First Pack of Foa-hounds.
Chase, hunted all the animals promis
cuously, except the deer, from which they The first real steady pack of fox-hounds were necessarily kept steady, otherwise they established in the western part of England would not have been suffered to hunt in the was by Thomas Fownes, Esq. of Stepleton, chase at all. in Dorsetshire, about 1730. They were as handsome, and fully as complete in every respect, as any of the most celebrated packs
Origin of Cranbourn Chase. of the present day. The owner was obliged
This royal chase, always called “ The to dispose of them, and they were sold to King's Chase,” in the lapse of ages came Mr. Bowes, in Yorkshire, the father of the into possession of an earl of Salisbury. It late lady Strathmore, at an immense price. is certain that after one of its eight distinct They were taken into Yorkshire by their walks, called Fernditch Walk, was sold to own attendants, and, after having been the earl of Pembroke, the entire remainder viewed and much admired in their kennel, of the chase was alienated to lord Ashley, a day was fixed for making trial of them afterwards earl of Shaftesbury. Alderholt in the field, to meet at a famous hare-cover Walk was the largest and most extensive near. When the huntsman came with his in the whole Chase ; it lies in the three hounds in the morning, 'he discovered
counties of Hants, Wilts, and Dorset ; but great number of sportsmen, who were riding the lodge and its appurtenances is in the in the cover, and whipping the furzes as for parish of Cranbourn, and all the Chase a hare; he therefore halted, and informed courts are held at the manor house there, Mr. Bowes that he was unwilling to throw where was also a prison for offenders off his hounds until the gentlemen had re- against the Chase laws. Lord Shaftesbury tired, and ceased the slapping of whips, to deputed rangers in the different walks in which his hounds were not accustomed, the year 1670, and afterwards dismemberand he would engage to find a fox in a few ing it, (though according to old records, it minutes if there was one there. The gen- appears to have been dismembered long tlemen sportsmen having obeyed the orders before,) by destroying Alderholt Walk; he given by Mr. Bowes, the huntsman, taking sold the remainder to Mr. Freke, of Shrothe wind of the cover, threw off his hounds, ton, in Dorsetshire, from whom it lineally which immediately began to feather, and descended to the present possessor, lord soon got upon a drag into the cover, and
Rivers. up to the fox's kennel, which went off close before them, and, after a severe burst over Accounts of Cranbourn Chase can be a fine country, was killed, to the great sa- traced to the æra when king John, tisfaction of the whole party. They then other royal personage, had a hunting-seat returned to the same cover, not one half of at Tollard Royal, n the county of Wilts. it having been drawn, and very soon found Hence the name o royal” to that parish a second fox, exactly in the same manner was certainly derived. There are vestiges as before, which broke cover immediately in and about the old palace, which clearly over the same fine country: but the chase evince that it was once a royal habitation; was much longer ; and in the course of it, and it still bears the name of “ King John's the fox made its way to a nobleman's park. House.” There are large cypress trees It had been customary to stop hounds be growing before the house, the relics of fore they could enter it, but the best-mount- grand terraces may be easily traced, and
THE TABLE BOOK
the remains of a park to which some of Which made her yield to deck this shepherd's band : them lead. A gate at the end of the park
And still, believe me, Strephon was at hand. at the entrance of the Royal Chase, now
Then couples three be straight allotted there called “Alarm Gate," was the place pro They of both ends the middle two do fly; bably where the horn was blown to call the The two that in mid-place, Hell, called were, keepers to their duty in attending their Must strive with waiting foot, and watching eye, lord in his sports. There is also a venera To catch of them, and them to Hell to bear, ble old wych-elm tree, on the Chase side That they, as well as they, Hell may supply of the “ Alarm Gate," under which lord Like some which seek to salve their blotted name Arundel, the possessor of Tollard Royal, With other's blot, till all do taste of shame. holds a court annually, on the first Monday in the month of September. A view of the
There you may see, soon as the middle two mansion in its present state, is given in the
Do coupled towards either couple make, “ Gentleman's Magazine” for September
They false and fearful do their hands undo, 1811.
Brother his brother, friend doth his friend forsako, Heeding himself, cares not how fellow do,
But of a stranger mutual help doth take :
As perjured cowards in adversity,
With sight of fear, from friends to fremb’dt doth ily, Mr. Strutt, the indefatigable historian of the “ Sports and Pastimes of the People
The game being played out with divers
adventurers of England,” says of Barley-break: “The excellency of this sport seems to have con All to second Barley-break again are bent. sisted in running well, but I know not its properties.” Beyond this Mr. Strutt
During the second game, Strephon was merely cites Dr. Johnson's quotation of
chased by Urania. two lines from sir Philip Sidney, as an au Strephon so chased did seem in milk to swim ; thority for the word. Johnson, limited to a He ran, but rap with eye o'er shoulder cast, mere dictionary explanation, calls it “ More marking her, than how himself did go, kind of rural play; a trial of swiftness.” Like Numid's lions by the hunters chased,
Sidney, in his description of the rural Though they do Ay, yet backwardly do glow courtship of Urania by Strephon, conveys a
With proud aspect, disdaining greater baste : sufficient idea of “ Barley-break.” The
What rage in them, that love in him did show ; shepherd seeks the society of his mistress
But God gives them instinct the man to shun, wherever he thinks it likely to find her.
And he by law of Barley-break must run. Nay ev'n unto her home he oft would go,
Urania caught Strephon,, and he was Where bold and hurtless many play be tries;
sent by the rules of the sport to the conHer parents liking well it should be so,
demned place, with a shepherdess, named For simple goodness shined in his eyes :
Nous, who affirmed
-it was no right, for his default, While into none doubt of his love did sink,
Who would be caught, that she should goFor not himself to be in love did think.
But so she must. And now the third assault
Of Barley-break.This “sad shepherd " held himself to
Strephon, in this third game, pursues wards Urania according to the usual cus
Urania ; Klaius, his rival suitor, suddenly tom and manner of lovers in such cases.
interposed. For glad desire, his late embosom'd guest,
For with pretence from Strephon her to guard, Yet but a babe, with milk of sight he nurst:
He met her full, but full of warefulness, Desire the more he suckt, more sought the breast
With in-bow'd bosom well for her prepared, Like dropsy-folk, still drink to be athirst;
When Strephon cursing his own backwardness Till one fair ey'n an hour ere sun did rest,
Came to her back, and so, with double ward, Who then in Lion's cave did enter first,
Imprison'd her, who both them did possess
As heart-bound slaves.-
* It may be doubted whether in the rude simplicity A maid train'd up from high or low degree,
of ancient times, this word in the game of Barley-break That in her dcings better could compare
was applied in the same manner that it would be in Mirth with respect, few words with courtesio,
+ Fremeb, (obsolete,) strange, foreign. Ash. Corrupt. A careless comeliness with comely care,
ed from fremd, which, in Saxou and Gothic, sigoified a Self-guard with mildness, sport with majesty; stranger, or an enemy. Nares.
Her race did not her beauty's beams augment, though differently played. It is termed Por they were ever in the best degree,
“ Barla-breikis,” or “ Barley-bracks.” Dr. But yet a setting forth it some way lent,
Jamieson says it is generally played by As rubies lustre when they rubbed be.
young people, in a corn-yard about the The dainty dew on face and body went,
stacks; and hence called Barla-bracks, As on sweet flowers, when morning's drops we see :
« One stack is fixed as the dule or goal ; Her breath then short, seem'd loth from home
and one person is appointed to catch the pass, Which more it moved, the more it sweeter was.
rest of the company, who run out from the
dule. He does not leave it till they are all Happy, 0 happy! if they so might bide
out of his sight. Then he sets out to catch To see their eyes, with how true humbleness,
them. Any one who is taken, cannot run They looked down to triumph over pride;
out again with his former associates, being With how sweet blame she chid their sauciness
accounted a prisoner, but is obliged to Till she brake from their arms
assist his captor in pursuing the rest. And farewelling the Aock, did homeward wend,
When all are taken, the game is finished ; And so, that even, the Barloy-break did end.
and he who is first taken, is bound to act This game is mentioned by Burton, in as catcher in the next game. This innohis “ Anatomy of Melancholy,” as one of cent sport seems to be almost entirely forour rural sports, and by several of the gotten in the south of Scotland. It is also poets, with more or less of description, falling into desuetude in the north."* though by none so fully as Sidney, in the first eclogue of the “ Arcadia,” from whence the preceding passages are taken.
Seraps. The late Mr, Gifford, in a note on Mas. singer, chiefly from the “ Arcadia," de
PLATE Tax. scribes Barley-break thus : “ It was played An order was made in the house of lords by six people, (three of each sex,) who were
in May, 1776, “ that the commissioners of coupled by lot. A piece of ground was
his majesty's excise do write circular letters then chosen, and divided into three com
to all such persons whom they have reason partments, of which the middle one was
to suspect to have plate, as also to those who called hell. It was the object of the couple have not paid regularly the duty on the condemned to this division to catch the
same." In consequence of this order, the others, who advanced from the two ex
accountant-general for household plate sent tremities ; in which case a change of situa to the celebrated John Wesley a copy of tion took place, and hell was filled by the the order. John's answer was laconic :couple who were excluded by preoccupation from the other places : in this catching, however, there was some difficulty, as, by don, and two at Bristol. This is all the
I have two silver tea-spoons in Lon. the regulations of the game, the middle couple were not to separate before they plate which I have at present; and I shall
not buy any more while so many round me had succeeded, while the others might
want bread. I arn, Sir, break hands whenever they found them.
“ Your most humble servant, selves hard pressed. When all had been
“ JOHN WESLEY." taken in turn, the last couple were said to bę in hell, and the game ended.”
Within memory, a game called Barleybreak has been played among stacks of
THE DIAL. corn, in Yorkshire, with some variation from This shadow on the dial's face, the Scottish game mentioned presently. In
That steals, from day to day, Yorkshire, also, there was another form With slow, unseen, unceasing pace, of it, more resembling that in the “ Arca
Moments, and months, and years away; dia,” which was played in open ground.
This shadow, which in every clime, The childish game of “Tag " seems derived
Since light and motion first began, from it. There was a tig," or tag,'
Hath held its course sublime;
What is it?-Mortal man ! whose touch made a prisoner, in the Yorkshire
It is the scythe of Time. game.
-A shadow only to the eye.
It levels all beneath the sky.
To the Editor.
posing a drunkard of their fraternity. The Bath.
following is the manner in which the “obSir, I beg leave to transmit for your use sequies to the intoxicated are performed the following attempt at description of an If a chairman, known to have been old and singular custom, performed by the “ dead ” drunk over night, does not apchairman of this my native city, which pear on his station before ten o'clock on perhaps you are not altogether a stranger the succeeding morning, the “undertaker," to, and vbich is still kept up among them as Anglice, his partner, proceeds, with such a often as an opportunity permits for its per- number of attendants as will suffice for the formance. Its origin I have not been able ceremony, to the house of the late unforto trace, but its authenticity you may rely tunate. If he is found in bed, as is usually on, as it is too often seen to be forgotten the case, from the effects of his sacrifice to by your Bath readers. I have also ac the “jolly God," they pull him out of his companied it with the above imperfect nest; hardly permitting him to dress, and sketch, as a further illustration of their place him on the “ bier,"
'La chairman's manner of burying the “ dead,” alias, ex. horse,-and, throwing a coat over him,
which they designate a “pall,” they per- is not very precise : My great-grandfather (the ambulate the circuit of his station in the most remote of it, that I ever recollect to have following order:
heard mentioned) possessed considerable pro1. The sexton-a man tolling a small
perty at Halsbury, a parish in the neighbourband-beli.
hood ot Ashburton; but whether acquired or in2. Two mutes each with a black stock herited, I never thought of asking, and do not
know. ing on a stick.
He was probably a native of Devonshire, for 3. The torch bearer—a man carrying a
there he spent the last years of his life; spent lighted lantern.
them, too, in some sort of consideration, for Mr. 4. The “corpse” borne on the “hearse," T. (á very respectable surgeon of Ashburton) carried by two chairmen, covered with the loved to repeat to me, when I first grew into aforesaid pall.
notice, that he had frequently hunted with his The procession is closed by the “ hounds.* ers” following after, two and two; as many
My grandfather was on ill terms with him: I joining as choose, from the station to which believe, not without sufficient reason, for he was the drunkard belongs.
extravagant and dissipated. My father never After exposing him in this manner to
mentioned his name, but my mother would the gaze of the admiring crowd that throng That he spent much, 1 know; but I am inclined
sometimes tell me that he had ruined the family. about, they proceed to the public-house he
to think, that his undutiful conduct occasioned has been in the habit of using, where his
my great-grandfather to bequeath a cousiderable “ wake” is celebrated in joviality and part of his property from him. mirth, with a gallon of ale at his expense. My father, I fear, revenged in some measure It often happens that each will contribute the cause of my great-grandfather. He was, as a trifle towards a further prolongation of I have heard my mother say,
a very wild the carousal, to entrap others into the same young man, who could be kept to nothing." He deadly snare; and the day is spent in bait
was sent to the grammar-school at Exeter; from ing for the chances of the next morning, as
which he made his escape, and entered on none are exempt who are not at their post this situation by my grandfather, and left his
board a man of war. He was reclaimed from before the prescribed hour.
school a second time, to wander in some vagaI am, &c.
bond society.t He was now probably given up; W.G.
for he was, on his return from this notable ad.
venture, reduced to article himself to a plumber wWilliam Gifford, Esq.
and glazier, wiih whom he luckily staid long
enough to learn the business. On Sunday morning, the 31st of Decem- father was now dead, for he became possessed ber, 1826, at twenty minutes before one of two small estates, married my mother, (the o'clock, died, at his house in James
daughter of a carpenter at Ashburton,) and street, Buckingham-gate, in the seventy
thought himself rich enough to set up for him. first year of his age, William Gifford, Esq., Molton. Why he chose to fix there, I never in
self; which he did, with some credit, at South author of the Baviad and Mæviad, trans- quired; but I learned from my mother
, that after lator of Juvenal and Persius,' and editor
a residence of four or five
years, he thoughtlessly of the Quarterly Review, from its com
engaged in a dangerous frolic, which drove mencement down to the beginning of the him once more to sea: this was an attempt to year just past. To the translation of Ju
excite a riot in a Methodist chapel ; for which venal” is prefixed a memoir of himself, his companions were prosecuted, and he fled. which is perhaps as modest and pleasant a My father was a good seaman, and was soon piece of autobiography as ever was writ- made second in command in the Lyon, a large ten.”—The Times, January 1, 1827.
armed transport in the service of government : while my mother (then with child of me) re
turned to her native place, Ashburton, where I INTERESTING
was born, in April, 1756. Memoir of Mr. Gifford.
* The matter is of no consequence-no, not even to BY HIMSELF-VERBATIM.
myself. From my family I derived nothing but a name,
which is more, perhaps, than I shall leave : but (to I am about to enter on a very uninteresting check the sneers of rude vułgarity) that family was subject : but all my friends tell me that it is
among the most ancient and respectable of this part of
the country, and, not more than three generations from necessary to account for the long delay of the
the present, was counted among the wealthiest. -Sweat following work; and I can only do it by adverting to the circumstances of my life. Will + He had gone with Bamfylde Moor Carew, then an this be accepted as an apology?
Her maiden name was Elizabeth Cain. My father's I know but little of my family and that little christian name was Edward.