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THE TABLE BOOK.

26

TO A PRETTY

GIRL

SHOP:

Weather.

Twelfth-Day
A NEW HYGROMETER.

SONNET
A new instrument to measure the de-

IN A PASTRY-Cook's grees of moisture in the atmosphere, of which the following is a description, was

Sweet Maid, for thou art maid of many sweets, invented by M. Baptist Lendi, of St. Gall:

Behind thy counter, lo! I see thee standing, In a white flint bottle is suspended a Gaz'd at by wanton wand'rers in the streets, piece of metal, about the size of a hazle

While cakes, to cakes, thy pretty fist is handing. nut, which not only looks extremely beau- Light as a puff appears thy every motion, tiful, and contributes to the ornament of a

Yet thy replies I've heard are sometimes tart ; room, but likewise predicts every possible i deem thee a preserve, yet I've a notion change of weather twelve or fourteen hours

That warm as brandied cherries is thy heart. before it occurs. As soon as the metal is

Then be not to thy lover like an ice, suspended in the bottle with water, it

Nor sour as raspberry vinegar to one begins to increase in bulk, and in ten or

Who owns thee for a sugar-plum so nice, twelve days forms an admirable pyramid, Nicer than comfit, syllabub, or bun. which resembles polished brass; and it I love thee more than all the girls so natty, undergoes several changes, till it has at

I do, indeed, my sweet, my savoury PATTY. tained its full dimensions. In rainy weather, this pyramid is constantly covered

“ HOLLY Night" AT BROUGH. with pearly drops, of water; in case of thunder or hail, it will change to the finest

For the Table Book. red, and throw out rays; in case of wind The ancient custom of carrying the or fog, it will appear dull and spotted ; “holly tree" on Twelfth Night, at Brough and previously to snow, it will look quite in Westmoreland, is represented in the acmuddy. If placed in a moderate tempera- companying engraving. ture, it will require no other trouble than Formerly the “Holly-tree" at Brough was to pour out a common tumbler full of really “holly,” but ash being abundant, water, and to put in the same quantity of the latter is now substituted. There are fresh. For the first few days it must not two head inns in the town, which provide be shaken.

for the ceremony alternately, though the

good townspeople mostly lend their assistOmniana.

ance in preparing the tree, to every branch

of which they fasten a torch. About eight CALICO COMPANY.

o'clock in the evening, it is taken to a conA red kitten was sent to the house of a venient part of the town, where the torches linen-draper in the city ; and, on departing are lighted, the town band accompanying from the maternal basket, the following and playing till all is completed, when lines were written :

it is removed to the lower end of the town;

and, after divers salutes and huzzas from THE RED KITTEN.

the spectators, is carried up and down the O the red red kitten is sent

away,

town, in stately procession, usually by a No more on parlour hearth to play;

person of renowned strength, named Joseph He must live in the draper's house,

Ling. The band march behind it, playAnd chase the rat, and catch the mouse,

ing their instruments, and stopping every And all day long in silence go

time they reach the town bridge, and the * Through bales of cotton and calico.

cross, where the “ holly” is again greeted After the king of England fam'd,

with shouts of applause. Many of the inThe red red kitten was Rufus nam'd.

habitants carry lighted branches and famAnd as king Rufus sported through

beaus; and rockets, squibs, &c. are disThicket and brake of the Forest New, The red red kitten Rufus so

charged on the joyful occasion. After the Shall jump about the calico.

tree is thus carried, and the torenes are

sufficiently burnt, it is placed in the middle But as king Rufus chasid the deer,

of the town, when it is again cheered by And hunted the forest far and near, Until as he watch'd the jumpy squirrel,

the surrounding populace, and is afterwards He was shot by Walter Tyrrel;

thrown among them. They eagerly watch So, if Fate shall his death ordain,

for this opportunity; and, clinging to each Shall kitten Rufus by dogs be slain,

end of the tree, endeavour to carry it away And end bis thrice three lives of woe

to the inn they are contending for, where Among the ontton and calico.

they are allowed their usual quantum of

[graphic][merged small][merged small][merged small]

ale and spirits, and pass a
merry night,"

Note. which seldom breaks up before two in the

COMMUNICATIONS for the Tablc Book addressed to morning. Although the origin of this usage is lost, lishers, will be gladly received.

me, in a parcel, or under cover, to the care of the pube and no tradition exists by which it can be

NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENT8 will appear on the traced, yet it may not be a strained surmise

wrappers of the monthly parts only. to derive it from the church ceremony of

THE TABLE Book, therefore, after the present sheet, the day when branches of trees were carried

will be printed continuously, without matter of this in procession to decorate the altars, in com kind, or the intervention of temporary titles, unpleamemoration of the offerings of the Magi, sant to the eyo, when the work comes to be bound in whose names are handed down to us as volumes. Melchior, Gaspar, and Balthasar, the pa LASTLY, because this is the last opportunity of the trons of travellers. In catholic countries, kind in my power, I beg to add that some valuable flambeaus and torches always abound in papers which could not be included in the Every-Day their ceremonies; and persons residing in Book, will appear in the Table Book. the streets through which they pass, testify MOREOVER LASTLY, I earnestly solicit the immediate their zeal and piety by providing flambeaus activity of my friends, to oblige and serve me, by at their own expense, and bringing them sending any thing, and every thing they can collect or lighted to the doors of their houses.

recollect, which they may suppose at all likely to ren. W. H. H. ру Table Book instructive, or diverting.

W. HONE.

der

[merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic]

Emigration of the Deer from Cranbourn Chase, 1826.

The genial ye&is increase the timid herd

Till wood and fasture yield a scant supply ;
Then troop the deer, as at a signal word,

And in long lines o'er barren downs they hie,
In search what food far vallies may afford-

Less fearing man, their ancient enemy,
Than in their native chase to starve and die.

VOL. 1.-2.

The deer of Cranbourn chase usually almost to Salisbury. Its market is on a average about ten thousand in number. In Thursday, it has a cattie market in the the winter of 1826, they were presumed to spring, and its fairs are on St. Bartholomew's amount to from twelve to fifteen thousand. and St. Nicholas' days. It is the capital of This increase is ascribed to the unusual the hundred to which it gives its name, and mildness of recent winters, and the conse- is a vicarage valued in the king's books at quent absence of injuries which the animals £6.138. 4d. It is a place of high antiquity, are subject to from severe weather.

famous in the Saxon and Norman times for In the month of November, a great its monastery, its chase, and its lords. The number of deer from the woods and pas- monastery belonged to the Benedictines, of tures of the Chase, between Gunvile and which the church at the west end of the Ashmore, crossed the narrow downs on the town was the priory. * western side, and descended-into the adjacent parts of the vale of Blackmore in

Affray in the Chase. quest of subsistence. There was a large On the night of the 16th of December, increase in the number about twelve years 1780, a severe battle was fought between preceding, till the continued deficiency of the keepers and deer-stealers on Chettle food occasioned a mortality. Very soon Common, in Bursey-stool Walk. The deerafterwards, however, they again increased stealers had assembled at Pimperne, and and emigrated for food to the vallies, as in were headed by one Blandford, a sergeant the present instance. At the former period, of dragoons, a native of Pimperne, then the greater part were not allowed or were quartered at Blandford. They came in the unable to return.

night in disguise, armed with deadly offenThe tendency of deer 'to breed beyond sive weapons called swindgels, resembling the means of support, afforded by parks flails to thresh coru. They attacked the and other places wherein they are kept, keepers, who were nearly equal in number, has been usually regulated by converting but had no weapons but sticks and short them into venison. This is clearly more hangers. The first blow was struck by the humane than suffering the herds so to en leader of the gang, it broke a knee-cap of large, that there is scarcely for “every one the stoutest man in the chase, which disa mouthfull, and no one a bellyfull.” It is abled him from joining in the combat, and also better to pay a good price for good lamed him for ever. Another keeper, from venison in season, than to have poor and a blow with a swindgel, which broke three cheap venison from the surplus of starving ribs, died some time after. The remaining animals “ killed off” in mercy to the re- keepers closed in upon their oppo nents mainder, or in compliance with the wishes with their hangers, and one of the draof landholders whose grounds they invade goon's hands was severed from the arm, in their extremity.

just above the wrist, and fell on the ground; The emigration of the deer from Cran- the others were also dreadfully cut and bourn Chase suggests, that as such cases wounded, and obliged to surrender. Blandarise in winter, their venison may be be- ford's arm was tightly bound with a list stowed with advantage on labourers, who garter to prevent its bleeding, and he was abound more in children than in the means carried to the lodge. The Rev. William of providing for them; and thus the sur Chafin, the author of " Anecdotes respectplus of the forest-breed be applied to the ing Cranbourn Chase,” says, support and comfort; of impoverished hü- him there the next day, and his hand man beings.

in the window : as soon as he was well

enough to be removed, he was committed, Cranbourn.

with his companions, to Dorchester gaol.

The hand was buried in Pimperne churchCranbourn is a market town and parish in yard, and, as reported, with the hothe hundred of Cranbourn, Dorsetshire,about nours of war. Several of these offenders 12 miles south-west from Salisbury, and 93

were labourers, daily employed by Mr. from London. According to the last census, Beckford, and had, the preceding day, it contains 367 houses and 1823 inhabitants, dined in his servants' hall, and from thence of whom 104 are returned as being em

went to join a confederacy to rob their ployed in trade. The parish includes a

master.” They were all tried, found guilty, circuit of 40 miles, and the town is plea- and condemned to be transported for seven santly situated in a fine champaign country years; but, in consideration of their great at the north-east extremity of the county, near Cranbourn Chase, which extends

• Hutchins's Dorset. Capper.

" I saw

33

THE TABLE BOOK.

34

suffering from their wounds in prison, the boughs in their hats or caps, to show their humane judge, sir Richard Perryn, commu- loyalty, (velvet caps were chiefly worn in ted the punishment to confinement for an those days, even by the ladies,) and to indefinite term. The soldier was not dis- hunt young male deer, in order to enter the missed from his majesty's service, but suf- young hounds, and to stoop them to their fered to retire upon half-pay, or pension; right game, and to get the older ones in and set up a shop in London, which he wind and exercise, preparatory to the comdenoted a game-factor's. He dispersed mencement of the buck-killing season. hand-bills in the public places, in order to This practice was termed “ blooding the get customers, and put one into Mr. Cha- hounds;" and the young deer killed were #n's hand in the arch-way leading into called “ blooding-deer," and their venison Lincoln's-inn-square. “I immediately re was deemed fit for an epicure. It was recognised him," says Mr. Chafin, “ as he pórted, that an hind quarter of this sort of did me; and he said, that if I would deal venison, which had been thoroughly hunted, with him, he would use mé well, for he was once placed on the table before the had, in times past, had many hares and celebrated Mr. Quin, at Bath, who declared pheasants of inine; and he had the asšur it to be the greatest luxury he ever met ance to ask me, if I did not think it a good with, and ate very heartily of it. But this breeding-season for game !"

taste seems not to have been peculiar to

Mr. Quin; for persons of high rank joined Buck-hunting

in the opinion: and even judges, when on

their circuits, indulged in the same luxury. Buck-hunting, in former timés, was much The following is an extract from a stewmore followed, and held in much greater ard's old accompt-book, found in the noble repute, than now. From letters in Mr. old mansion of Orchard Portinan, near Chafin's possession, dated in June and July Taunton, in Somersetshire : 1681, he infers, that the summers then were

“ 10th August much hotter than in the greater part of the

1680. last century. The time of meeting at Cranbourn Chase in those days seems in- higher Orial, going a hunting

Delivered Sr William, in the variably to have been at four o'clock in the

with the Judges

£2. Os. Od." evening; it was the custom of the sportsmen to take a slight repast at two o'clock, From hence, therefore, it appears, that and to dine at the most fashionable hours in those days buck-hunting, for there could of the present day. Mr. Chafin deemed be no other kind of hunting meant, was in hunting in an evening well-judged, and ad so much repute, and so much delighted in, vantageous every way. The deer were at that even the judges could not refrain from that time upóñ their legs, and more easily partaking in it when on their circuits; and found; they were empty, and more able to it seems that they chose to hunt their own run, and to show sport ; and as the evening venison, which they annually received from advanced, and the dew fell, the scent gran Orchard park at the time of the assizes. dually improved, and the cool ait enabled “ I cannot but deem them good judges," the horses and the hounds to recover their says Mr. Chafin, “ for preferring hunted wind, and go through their work without venison to that which had been shot.” injury; whereas just the reverse of this would be the hunting late in a morning. What has been mentioned is peculiar to

Other Sports of Cranbourn Chase. Buck-hunting only.

Besides buck-hunting, which certainly Stag-hunting is in some measure a sum was the principal one, the chase afforded mer amusement also; but that chase is other rural amusements to our ancestors in generally much too long to be ventured on former days. “I am well aware,” Mr. in an evening. It would carry the sports- Chafin says, in preparing some notices of man too far distant from their homes. It them, “ that there are many young persons is absolutely necessary, therefore, in pur. who are very indifferent and care little suing the stag, to have the whole day before about what was practised by their ancestors, them.

or how they amused themselves; they are It was customary, in the last century, looking forward, and do not choose to look for sportsmen addicted to the sport of back : but there may be some not so indif. Buck-hunting, and who regularly followed ferent, and to whom a relation of the sports it, to aneet every season on the 29th day of of the field in the last century may not be May, king Charles's restoration, with oak- displeasing.” These sports, in addition

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