A Discourse on the Rise, Progress, Peculiar Objects, and Importance, of Political Economy: Containing an Outline of a Course of Lectures on the Principles and Doctrines of that Science
A. Constable and Company, 1824 - 118 стор.
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advantage agriculture attention balance of trade branches of industry bullion capital causes cial Cicero ciples circumstances classes commerce commodities conclusions consequence consumption corn cultivators dities division of labour doctrines Dr Smith ductions Dudley North East India economical science Economists effect endeavour error established exclusively exer expence exportation favour foreign gold and silver greatest hommes important increase individuals influence intercourse interest Intieri l'ordre naturel laws which regulate liberté loix manufacturers means ment mercantile system merchants national wealth nature necessarily necessary neral object observation obtained opinion opulence particular Political Economy population prejudices production of wealth profit progress propriété personnelle prosperity published quantities of labour Quesnay rate of wages raw produce refined render rent respect Ricardo rise science of Political Sir Josiah Child soil source of wealth species subsistence supposed theory tical tion trade truth unproductive Wealth of Nations
Сторінка 25 - Although a Kingdom may be enriched by gifts received, or by purchase taken from some other Nations, yet these are things uncertain and of small consideration when they happen. The ordinary means therefore to increase our wealth and treasure is by Forraign Trade, wherein wee must ever observe this rule; to sell more to strangers yearly than wee consume of theirs in value.
Сторінка 23 - the actions of the husbandman in the seed-time, when he casteth away much good corn into the ground, we shall account him rather a madman than a husbandman. But when we consider his labours in the harvest, which is the end of his endeavours, we shall find the worth and plentiful increase of his actions.
Сторінка 36 - That the loss of a trade with one nation is not that only, separately considered, but so much of the trade of the world rescinded and lost, for all is combined together.
Сторінка 91 - ... it to our use, it is wholly destitute of value, and is not, nor ever has been, considered as forming wealth...
Сторінка 61 - The fault is not in producing too much, but in producing commodities which either do not suit the tastes of those with whom we wish to exchange them, or which we cannot ourselves consume.
Сторінка 14 - ... education ; but it will be found an invariable rule, that the lower you descend in the medical profession, the more hypothetical are the prevailing notions. Again, how seldom is it possible for any case, however minutely related, to include all the circumstances with which the event was connected. Hence in what is commonly called experience, we have only a rule transferred from a case imperfectly known, to one of which we are equally ignorant. Hence that most fertile source of error, the applying...
Сторінка 82 - A system of warehousing for re-exportation, if desired, was likewise to be instituted, "which will tend," said the Minister, "to make London a free port, and, by consequence, the market of the world.
Сторінка 46 - Are the powers of wind and water, which move our machinery, and assist navigation, nothing ? The pressure of the atmosphere and the elasticity of steam, which enable us to work the most stupendous engines — are they not the gifts of nature ? To say nothing of the effects of the matter of heat in softening and melting metals, of the decomposition of the atmosphere in the process of dyeing and fermentation.
Сторінка 16 - He should mark the changes which have taken place in the fortunes and condition of the human race in different regions and ages of the world : He should trace the rise, progress, and decline of industry : And, above all, he should carefully...
Сторінка 52 - He also showed, in opposition to the commonly received opinions of the merchants, politicians, and statesmen of his time, that wealth does not consist in the abundance of gold and silver, but in the abundance of the various necessaries, conveniences, and enjoyments of human life...