Roman Homosexuality : Ideologies of Masculinity in Classical Antiquity: Ideologies of Masculinity in Classical Antiquity
Oxford University Press, USA, 12 трав. 1999 р. - 416 стор.
This book provides a thoroughly documented discussion of ancient Roman ideologies of masculinity and sexuality with a focus on ancient representations of sexual experience between males. It gathers a wide range of evidence from the second century B.C. to the second century A.D.--above all from such literary texts as courtroom speeches, love poetry, philosophy, epigram, and history, but also graffiti and other inscriptions as well as artistic artifacts--and uses that evidence to reconstruct the contexts within which Roman texts were created and had their meaning. The book takes as its starting point the thesis that in order to understand the Roman material, we must make the effort to set aside any preconceptions we might have regarding sexuality, masculinity, and effeminacy. Williams' book argues in detail that for the writers and readers of Roman texts, the important distinctions were drawn not between homosexual and heterosexual, but between free and slave, dominant and subordinate, masculin and effeminate as conceived in specifically Roman terms. Other important questions addressed by this book include the differences between Roman and Greek practices and ideologies; the influence exerted by distinctively Roman ideals of austerity; the ways in which deviations from the norms of masculine sexual practice were negotiated both in the arena of public discourse and in real men's lives; the relationship between the rhetoric of "nature" and representations of sexual practices; and the extent to which same-sex marriages were publicly accepted.
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adultery amore anally penetrated ancient argues atque boys Caelius Cantarella 1992 Cato Catullus century a.d. chapter Cicero cinaedus cited concept cultural cunnilinctus depilation describes desire discussion disgraceful effeminacy effeminate Elagabalus emperor epigram Epist etiam exoletus fact fellate fellatio female freeborn Roman Ganymede gender girls Greek heterosexual homosexual husband intercourse Juvenal Juvenal's lex Julia lex Scantinia Livy lover Lucilius Maecenas marriage married Mart Martial masculine men's moral Musonius Naevolus nature Nero notes observes passive pederasty penis phrase Plautus played the receptive poem poet Priapus prostitutes pudicitia puellae quae quam quid Quintilian quod Ralph Hexter receptive role reference relationship rhetoric Richlin Rome satire Seneca sexual behavior sexual partners sexual practices sexual relations slave-boy slaves soft stuprum subculture Suet Suetonius suggests Tacitus texts tibi tion traditions Valerius Maximus Verres viri viro wife woman women words writers young youth
Сторінка 7 - But what have varied enormously are the ways in which various societies have regarded homosexuality, the meanings they have attached to it, and how those who were engaged in homosexual activity viewed themselves. ... As a starting point we have to distinguish between homosexual behavior, which is universal, and a homosexual identity, which is historically...