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PREFACE.

All the works except one which belong to this part, and several of the most interesting among those which follow in the next, were published by Isaac Gruter in 1653; and since in explaining the arrangement which I have adopted I shall often have to refer to the volume in which they first appeared, it will be well to give a particular account of it at once.

Bacon, in his last will, — after bequeathing his collection of speeches and letters to Bishop Williams and Sir Humphrey May, as being privy councillors, – commended the rest of his papers to the care of Sir John Constable and Mr. Bosvile. “ Also I desire my executors, especially my brother Constable, and also Mr. Bosvile, presently after my decease, to take into their hands all my papers whatsoever, which are either in cabinets, boxes, or presses, and them to seal up till they may at their leisure peruse them.”

What care, or whether any, was presently taken of these papers, I cannot learn. But it is probable that for fourteen months after Bacon's death, they remained locked up;—for so long it was before any one had authority to act; the executors named in the will refusing or delaying to assume their office, and letters of administration being granted on the 13th of July, 1627, to Sir Robert Rich and Mr. Thomas Meautys, two of the creditors;--and that then, or not long after, they were placed in the hands of Mr. Bosvile. This Mr. Bosvile, better known as Sir William Boswell, was sent, soon after Bacon's death, to the Hague; where he resided for several years as agent with the States of the United Provinces. He was knighted on the 18th of May, 1633, and died I believe in 1647. Whether all Bacon's remaining manuscripts were sent to him, or only a portion of them, is not known. What we know is that, among those

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which were sent, there were many philosophical pieces writ-
ten in Latin; that he consulted Isaac Gruter about them;
and that the result was a 12mo volume printed by Elzevir
at Amsterdam in the year 1653, entitled Francisci Baconi de
Verulamio Scripta in Naturali et Universali Philosophia, and
containing these pieces following :-
1. A Prayer, headed Temporis Partus Masculus, sive Instauratio

magna imperü humani in universum. The same in sub-
stance, and almost the same in expression, as the prayer
which is introduced towards the end of the Preface to the
Instauratio (Vol. I. p. 131.): placed here by itself on the
blank side of the title-leaf, as if it were a motto to the
volume – an office for which the heading makes it alto-

gether inappropriate.
2. Cogitata et Visa; to which is added a Latin translation of

Sir Thomas Bodley's letter to Bacon concerning that

work. (p. 62.) 3. Descriptio Globi Intellectualis. (p. 75.) 4. Thema Cæli. (p. 154.) 5. De Fluxu et Refluxu Maris. (p. 178.) 6. De Principiis atque Originibus secundum Fabulas Cupidinis

et Cæli, 8c. (p. 208.) These are all printed as separate pieces; each carrying its

own title along the top of its own pages. Then follow, under a general running title of Impetus Philo

sophici :

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7. Indicia Vera de Interpretatione Naturæ. (p. 285.) Merely

the Præfatio to the Novum Organum, already printed in

the first volume of this edition, p. 151. 8. Partis Instaurationis Secundæ Delineatio et Argumentum.

(p. 293.) Printed as if it were a sequel to the last, the

two forming one piece; which originally perhaps they did. 9. Phænomena Universi, sive Historia Naturalis ad condendam

Philosophiam. (p. 323.) A fragment, consisting of a pre-
face intended for the third part of the Instauratio, and a
rudiment of the Historia Densi et Rari, with which it seems
that Bacon then intended to begin his collection of his-
tories.

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10. Scala Intellectus, sive Filum Labyrinthi. (p. 379.) A preface

intended for the fourth part of the Instauratio. Already

printed : Vol. II. p. 687. 11. Prodromi sive Anticipationes Philosophiæ Secunde. (p. 385.)

The preface intended for the fifth part of the Instauratio.

Already printed: Vol. II. p. 690. 12. Cogitationes de Naturâ Rerum. (p. 389.) The piece with

which in the present edition Part II. begins : infra p. 15. 13. A Preface, entitled Franciscus Bacon Lectori. (p. 431.) A

first draught probably of the preface to the fourth part of

the Instauratio. 14. Filum Labyrinthi, sive Inquisitio legitima de Motu. (p. 435.)

A skeleton of an enquiry conducted upon the true method; that is to say, a complete list of the titles of the several processes of an investigation into the Form of Motion ; followed by some general remarks, which may have been designed for the conclusion of the work which Bacon had in contemplation when he wrote the Cogitata et Visa, and

intended to set forth the new method in an example. 15. Franc. Baconi Aphorismi et Consilia, de auxiliis mentis et

accensione luminis naturalis. (p. 448.) 16. De Interpretatione Naturæ Sententiæ XII. (p. 451.) This

and the preceding are rudiments of the Novum Organum. 17. Tradendi Modus legitimus. (p. 458.) This consists of two

chapters; of which the first is the same as the first chapter of the Temporis Partus Masculus ; the second another form of the Redargutio Philosophiarum. They are printed here (probably by mistake) as if they were a sequel to the Sententiæ XII., with which they do not appear to be con

nected. 18. De Interpretatione Naturæ Proæmium. (p. 479.) This has

been intended for a preface to the Instauratio, in some

of its forms; probably to the Temporis Partus Masculus. 19. Francisci Baconi Topica Inquisitionis de Luce et Lumine.

(p. 485.) Another copy, with a few slight variations, of the paper which has been already printed (Vol. II. p. 317.) from Dr. Rawley's copy.

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