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The army

a war.

there. But, in the name of goodness, let us make his credentials on that day to the States-General, as our learning of use to us or not. Was not this a Plenipotentiary from the Queen of Great Britain; as shame, that a philosopher should be thus directed by did also Count Zinzendorf, who bears the same a cobler ? I will be sworn, if it were known how character from the Emperor. many have suffered in this kind by false spelling Prince Eugene intended to set out the next day for since the union, this matter would not long lie thus. Brussels, and His Grace the Duke of Marlborough on What makes these evils the more insupportable is, the Tuesday following. The Marquis de Torey talks that they are so easily amended, and nothing done in daily of going, but still continues there. it. But it is so far from that, that the evil goes on in of the allies is to assemble on the seventh of best other arts as well as orthography; places are con- month at Helchin; though it is generally believed founded, as well for want of proper distinctions, as that the preliminaries to a treaty are fully adjusted. things for want of true characters. Had I not come by The approach of the peace strikes a panic through the other day very early in the morning, there might our armies, though that of a battle could never do it

, have been mischief done: for a worthy North Briton and they almost repent of their bravery, that made was swearing at Stocks Market, that they would not such haste to humble themselves and the French let him in at his lodgings; but I knowing the gentle King. The Duke of Marlborough, though otherwise man, and observing him look often at the king on the greatest general of the age, has plainly sbern horseback, and then double his oaths that he was sure himself unacquainted with the arts of husbanding he was right, found that he had mistook that for

He might have grown as old as the Duke of Charing Cross, by the ercetion of the like statue in Alva, or Prince Waldeck in the Low Countries, and each place. I grant, private men may distinguish yet have got reputation enough every year for any their abodes as they please: as one of my acquaint-reasonable man: for the command of general in ance who lives at Mary bone, has put a good sentence Flanders hath been ever looked upon as a provision of his own invention upon his dwelling-place, to find for life. For my part I cannot see how his Grace can out where he lives : he is so near London, that his answer it to the world, for the great eagerness he hath conceit is this, the country in town;' or, the town shewn to send a hundred thousand of the bravest in the country ;' for, you know, if they are both in fellows in Europe a-begging. But the private one, they are all one. Besides that, the ambiguity is gentleman of the infantry will be able to shift for not of great consequence; if you are safe at the themselves; a brave man can never starve in a place, it is no matter if you do not distinctly know country stocked with hen-roosts. There is not a where the place is. But to return to the orthography yard of linen,' says my honoured progenitor Sir Jolin of public places : I propose, that every tradesman in Falstaff, 'in my whole company: but, as for that, the cities of London and Westminster shall give me says the worthy knight, “I am in no_great pain; we six-pence a quarter for keeping their signs in repair shall find shirts on every hedge. There is another as to the grammatical part; and I will take into my sort of gentlemen whom I am much more concerned house a Swiss count of my acquaintance, who can for, and that is the ingenious fraternity of which I remember all their names without book, for despatch have the honour to be an unworthy member; I meno sake, setting up the head of the said foreigner for my the news-writers of Great Britain, whether post-mea sign; the features being strong, and fit for hanging or post-boys, or by what other name or title soerer high.

dignified or distinguished. The case of these gentleSt. James's Coffee-house, May 20.

men is, I think, more hard than that of the soldiers,

considering that they have taken more towns, and This day a mail arrived from Holland, by which fought more, battles. They have been upon parties there are advices from Paris, that the kingdom of and skirmishes, when our armies have lain still ; and France is in the utmost misery and distraction. The given the general assault to many a place, when the merchants of Lyons have been at Court, to remonstrate besiegers were quiet in their trenches. They hare their great sufferings by the failure of their public made us masters of several strong towns many weeks credit; but have received no other satisfaction, than before our generals could do it: and completed ricpromises of a sudden peace; and that their debts tories, when our greatest captains have been glad to will be made good by funds out of the revenue, which come off with a drawn battle. Where Prince Eugene will not answer, but in case of the peace which is has slain his thousands, Boyer has slain his tea promised. In the mean time, the cries of the com- thousands. This gentleman can indeed be never mon people are loud for want of bread; the gentry enough commended for his courage and intrepidity have lost all spirit and zeal for their country, and the during this whole war: he has laid about him with king himself seems to languish under the anxiety of an inexpressible fury; and, like the offended Marius the pressing calamities of the nation, and retires from of ancient Rome, made such havoc among his coushearing those grievances which he hath not power to trymen, as must be the work of two or three ages redress. Instead of preparations for war, and the to repair. It must be confessed, the redoubted Mr. defence of their country, there is nothing to be seen Buckley has shed as much blood as the former ; bat but evident marks of a general despair; processions, I cannot forbear saying (and I hope it will not look fastings, public mournings and humiliations, are like envy) that we regard our brother Buckley as a become the sole employments of a people, who were kind of Drarocan sir, who spares neither friend Der lately the most vain and gay in the universe.

foe; but generally kills as many of his own side as The Pope has written to the French King on the enemy's. It is impossible for this ingenious sort the subject of a peace; and his Majesty has of men to subsist after a peace: every one remembers answered in the lowliest terms, that he entirely the shifts that they were driven to in the reign of King submits his affairs to Divine Providence, and shall Charles the Second, when they could not furnish out soon show the world, that he prefers the tranquility a single paper of news without lighting up a const of his people to the glory of his arms, and extent of in Germany, or a fire in Moscow. There searce his conquests.

appeared a letter without a paragraph on an earthLetters from the Hague of the twenty-fourth say, quake. Prodigies were grown so familiar, that they that His Excellency the Lord Townshend delivered had lost their name, as a great poet of that age bas

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it. I remember Mr. Dyer, who is justly looked had always about him a person of a second value, upon by all the fox-hunters in the nation as the and subordinate to him, who could hear his afflicgreatest statesman our country has produced, was tions, carry an enchantment for his wounds, hold his particularly famous for dealing in whales; insomuch, helmet when he was eating (if ever he did eat) or in that in five months time (for I hathe curiosity to his absence, when he was retired to his apartment examine his letters on that occasion) he brought three in any king's palace, tell the prince himself, or into the mouth of the river Thames, besides two perhaps his daughter, the birth, parentage, and advenporpoises and a sturgeon. The judicious and wary tures of his valiant master. This trusty companion Mr. Ichabod Dawks hath all along been the rival of was styled his Esquire, and was always fit for any this great writer, and got himself a reputation from offices about him ; was as gentle and chaste as a gentle plagues and famines ; by which, in those days, he man-usher, quick and active as an equerry, smooth destroyed as great multitudes as he has lately done and eloquent as the masters of the ceremonies. A by the sword. In every dearth of news, Grand Cairo man thus qualified was the first, as the ancients was sure to be unpeopled.

affirm, who was called an Esquire; and none without It heing therefore visible, that our society will be these accomplishments ought to assume our order : greater sufferers by the peace than the soldiery itself, but, to the utter disgrace and confusion of the insomuch that the Daily Courant is in danger of heralds, every pretender is admitted into this fraterbeing broken, my friend Dyer of being reformed, nity, even persons the most foreign to this courteous and the very best of the whole band of being reduced | institution. I have taken an inventory of all within to half-pay; might I presume to offer any thing in this city, and looked over every letter' in the Postthe behalf of my distressed brethren, I would humbly office, for my better information. There are of the more, that an appendix of proper apartments, fur- middle Temple, including all in the buttery-books, nished with pen, ink, and paper, and other necessa- and in the lists of the house, five thousand. In the ries of life, should be added to the hospital of Chelsea, Inner, four thousand. In the King's-Bench Walks, for the relief of such decayed news-writers as have the whole buildings are inhabited by Esquires only. served their country in the wars; and that, for their The adjacent street of Essex, from Morris's Coffeeexercise, they should compile the annals of their house, and the turning towards_the Grecian, you brother veterans, who have been engaged in the same cannot meet one who is not an Esquire, until you service, and are still obliged to do duty after the same take water. Every house in Norfolk and Arundel manner.

streets is also governed by an Esquire, or his Lady: I cannot be thought to speak this out of an eye to Soho-square, Bloomsbury-square, and all other places any private interest; for as my chief scenes of action where the floors rise above nine feet, are so many are coffee-houses, play-houses, and my own apart- universities, where you enter yourself, and become ment, I am in no need of camps, fortifications, and fields of our order. However, if this were the worst of the of battle to support me; I do not call for heroes and evil, it were to be supported, because they are genegenerals to my assistance. Though the officers are rally men of some figure and use : though I know broken, and the armies disbanded I shall still be safe, no pretence they have to an honour which had its as long as there are men, or women, or politicians, or rise from chivalry. But if you travel into the lovers, or poets, or nymphs, or swains, or cits, or countries of Great Britain, we are still more imposed courtiers, in being.

upon by innovation. We are indeed derived from

the field : but shall that give title to all that ride No. 19.] TUESDAY, MAY 24, 1709.

mad after foxes ; that halloo when they see a hare,

or venture their necks full speed after a hawk, imFrom my own Apartment, May 23.

mediately to commence Esquires ? No; our order is There is nothing can give a man of any considera- temperate, cleanly, sober, and chaste; but these tion greater pain, than to see order and distinction rural Esquires commit immodesties upon hay-cocks, laid aside amongst men, especially when the rank wear shirts half a week, and are drunk twice a day. (of which he himself is member) is intruded upon These men are also, to the last degree, excessive in by such as have no pretence to that honour. The their food : an Esquire of Norfolk eats two pounds appellation of Esquire is the most notoriously abused of dumplin every meal, as if obliged to it by our in this kind, of any class amongst men ; insomuch, order : an Esquire of Hampshire is as ravenous in that it is become almost the subject of derision : but devouring hogs' flesh: one of Essex has as little I will be bold to say, this behaviour towards it pro- mercy on calres. But I must take the liberty to ceeds from the ignorance of the people in its true protest against them, and acquaint those persons, origin. I shall therefore as briefly as possible, do that it is not the quantity they eat, but the manner myself and all true Esquires the justice to look into of eating, that shows an Esquire. But, above all, antiquity upon this subject.

I am most offended at small-quillmen, and trane In the first ages of the world, before the invention scribing clerks, who are all come into our order, for of jointures and settlements, when the noble passion no reason that I know of, but that they can easily of love had possession of the hearts of men, and the flourish at the end of their name. I will undertake fair ses were not yet cultivated into the merciful that, if you read the superscriptions to all the disposition which they have showed in latter centu- offices in the kingdom, you will not find three letters ries, it was natural for great and heroic spirits to directed to any but Esquires. I have myself a couple retire to rivulets, woods, and caves, to lament their of clerks, and the rogues make nothing of leaving desting, and the cruelty of the fair persons who arc messages upon each other's desk: one directs, •To deaf to their lamentations. The hero in this distress Gregory Goosequill, Esquire ;' to which the other was generally in armour, and in a readiness to fight replies by a note, “To Nehemiah Dashwell, Esquire, any man he met with, especially if distinguished by with respect;' in a word, it is now Populus Armic any extraordinary qualifications : it being the nature gerorum, a people of Esquires. And I do not know of heroic love to hate all merit, lest it should come but, by the late act of naturalization, foreigners will within the observation of the cruel one by whom its assume that title, as part of the immunity of being own perfections are neglected. A lover of this kind Englishmen. All these improprieties dow from the



negligence of the Heralds office. Those gentlemen Sir, in party-coloured habits do not so rightly, as they I received yours, and am sensible of the address ought, understand themselves; though they are and capacity with which you have hitherto transacted dressed cap-4-pee in hieroglyphics, they are inwardly the great affairs under your management. You vell but ignorant men. I asked an acquaintance of mine, observe, that our wants here are not to be concealed: who is a man of wit, but of po fortune, and is forced and that it is vanity to use artifices with the knowing to appear as a jack-pudding on the stage to a mounte men with whom you are to deal. Let me beg Foo, bank: 'Pry thee, Jack, why is your coat of so many therefore, in this representation of our circumstances, colours ?' He replied, ' I act as fool; and this spotted to lay aside art, which ceases to be such when itu dress is to signify, that every man living has a weak seen, and make use of all your skill to gain us what place about him ; for I am knight of the shire, and advantages you can from the enemy's jealousy of ead represent you all.' I wish the heralds would know other's greatness ; which is the place where only you as well as this man does, in his way, that they are have room for any dexterity. If you have any passiva to act for us in the case of our arms and appellations : for your unhappy country, or any affection for your we should not then be jumbled together in so pro- distressed master, come home with peace. Oh heaven! miscuous and absurd a manner. I design to take do I live to talk of Lewis the Great, as the object of this matter into further consideration; and no man pity? The king shows a great uneasiness to be shall be received as an Esquire, who cannot bring a informed of all that passes : byt, at the same time, is certificate, that he has conquered some lady's obdurate fearful of erery one who appears in his presence, les heart; that he can lead up a country-dance; or carry he should i ring an account of some new calamity. ! a message between her and her lover, with address, know not in what terms to represent my thoughts to secrecy, and diligence. A Squire is properly born you, when I speak of the king, with relation to his for the service of the sex, and his credentials shall be bodily hoalth. Figure to yourself that immortal men, signed by three toasts and one prude, before his who stood in our public places represented with title shall be received in my oflice.

trophies, armour, and terrors, on his pedestal: cor

sider, the invincible, the great, the good, the pious, Will's Coffee-house, May 23.

the mighty, which were the usual epithets we gare On Saturday last was presented the Busy Body, # him, both in our language and thoughts. I was comedy, written (as I have heretofore remarked) by consider him whom you kuew the greatest and mesi a woman, The plot and incidents of the play are laid glorious of monarchs, and now think you see the same with that subtilty of spirit which is peculiar to females man an unhappy lazar, in the lowest circumstances of of wit, and is very seldom well performed by those of human nature itself, without regard to the state from the other ser, in whom craft in love is an act of inven. whence he is fallen. I write from his bedside; he is tion, and not, as with women, the effect of nature and at present in a slumber. I have many, many things instinct.

to add ; but my tears flow too fast, and my sorrow is To-morrow will be acted a play, called, The Trip too big for utterance, to the Jubilee. This performance is the greatest

!I am, &c. instance that we can have of the irresistible force of

There is such a veneration due from all men to the proper action. The dialogue in itself has something too low to bear a criticism upon it: but Mr. Wilks persons of princes, that it were a sort of dishonesty enters into the past with so much skill, that the gal in; but it is certain, that, soon after the receipt of

to represent further the condition which the king is lantry, the youth, and gaiety of a young man of a

these advices, Monsieur Torcy waited upon his grace plentiful forţune, are looked upon with, as much the Duke of Marlborough and the Lord Townshend : indulgence on the stage, as in real life, without any and in that conference gave up many points, which he of those intermixtures of wit and humour, which had before said were such as he must return to France usually prepossess us in favour of such characters in before he could answer. other plays. St. James's Coffee-house, May 23.

No, 20.] THURSDAY, MAY 26, 1709. Letters from the Hague of the twenty-third instant,

White's Chocolate-house, May 24. N. S. say, that Mr. Walpole (who is since arrived) was going with all expedition to Great Britain, It is not to be imagined how far prepossession will whither they doubted not but he carried with him the run away with people's understandings, in cases preliminaries to a treaty of peace, The French Mi- wherein they are under present uneasiness. The felnister, monsieur Torcy, has been observed, in this lowing narration is a suficient testimony of the whole negociation, to turn his discourse upon the truth of this observation. calamities sent down by heaven upon France, and I had the honour the other day of a visit from a imputed the necessities they were under to the imme- gentlewoman (a stranger to me) who seemed to be diate hand of Providence, in inflicting a general about thirty. Her complexion is brown; but the air of scarcity of provision, rather than the superior genius her face has an agreeableness which surpasses the of the generals, or the bravery of the armies against beauties of the fairest women. There appeared in her them. It would be impious not to acknowledge the look and mien a sprightly health; and her eyes had to indulgence of heaven to us; but, at the same time, as much vivacity to become the language of complaint, we are to love our enemies, we are glad to see them which she began to enter into. She seemed sensible of mortified enough to mix Christianity with their poli- it; and therefore, with downcast looks, she said, 'M}. tics. An authentic letter from Madam Maintenon to Bickerstaff, you see before you the unhappiest ! Monsieur Torcy has been stolen by a person about women; and therefore, as you are esteemed by all him, who has communicated a copy of it to some of the world both a great civilian, as well as an astrothe dependents of a minister of the allies. That loger, I must desire your advice and assistance, in epistle is writ in the most pathetic manner imaginable, putting me in a method of obtaining a divorce from and in a style which shows her genius, that has so a marriage, which I know the law will pronounce long engrossed the heart of this great monarch, void, Madam,' said I, 'your grievance is of such

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a nature, that you must be very ingenious in repre. Pastorella from the intended marriage with one twenty ein sinting the causes of your complaint, or I cannot years her senior-to save a fine lady, I am contented 13 gire you the satisfaction you desire. Sir,' she to have my learning decried, and my predictions man answers, ' ! believe there would be no need of half bound up with poor Robin’s almanacks. e your skill in the art of divination, to guess why a a woman would part from her husband,' . It is true,'

Will's Coffee-house, May 25. la a said I; 'but suspicions, or guesses at what you

This evening was acted the Recruiting Officer, in mean, nay certainty of it, except you plainly speak it, which Mr. Eastcourt's proper sense and observation are no foundation for a formal suit,'. She clapped her is what supports the play. There is not, in my fan before her face ; . My husband,' said she is no

humble opinion, the humour hit in Sergeant Kite; more a husband' (here she burst into tears) than one

but it is admirably supplied by his action. If I have of the Italian singers.'

skill to judge, that man is an excellent actor ; but the • Madan,' said I, the affliction you complain of is crowd of the audience are fitter for representations at et to be redressed by law; but, at the same time, con- May-fair

, than a theatre-royal

. Yet that fair is now sider what mortifications you are to go through, in broke, as well as the theatre is breaking; but it is bringing it into open court ; how will you be able to allowed still to sell animals there. Therefore, if any bear the impertinent whispers of the people present lady or gentleman have occasion for a tame elephant, at the trial

, the licentious relections of the pleaders, let them enquire of Mr. Pinkethman, who has one to and the interpretations that will in general be put dispose of at a reasonable rate, The downfall of upon your

conduct by all the world? How little May-fair has quite sunk the price of this noble creature, (will they say) could that lady command her passions !" | as well as of many other curiosities of nature. A Besides, consider, that curbing our desire is the tiger will sell almost as cheap as an ox; and, I am greatest glory that we can arrive at in this world, and credibly informed, a man may purchase a cat with will be most rewarded in the next.' She answered, three legs, for very near the value of one with four. like a prudent matron: "Sir, if you please to remem

I hear likewise that there is a great desolation among ber the office of matrimony, the first cause of its the gentlemen and ladies who were the ornaments of institution is that of having posterity. Therefore, as

the town, and used to shine in plumes and diadems; to the curbing desires, I am willing to undergo any the heroes being most of them pressed, and the abstinence from food as you please to enjoin me; but queens beating hemp. Mrs. Sarabrand, so famous I cannot, with any quiet of mind, live in the neglect for her ingenious puppet-show, has set up a shop in of a necessary duty, and an express commamment, the Exchange, where she sells her little troop under Increase and multiply. Observing she was learned, the term of jointed babies, I could not but be solicitous and knew so well the duties of life, I turned my hell, Punch, whose lewd life and conversation had

to know of her, how she had disposed of that rake arguments rather to debort her from this public procedure by examples than precepts, "Do but consider, given so much scandal

, and did not a little contrimadam, what crowds of beauteous women live in bute to the ruin of the fair. She told me with a nunneries, secluded for ever from the sight and con- sigh, That, despairing of ever reclaiming him, she versation of men, with all the alacrity of spirit imagin-Fould not offer to place him in a civil family, but got able ; they spend their time in heavenly raptures, in him in a post upon a stall in Wapping, where he may constant and frequent derotions, and at proper hoạrs be seen from sun-rising to sun-setting, with a glass in iņ agreeable consersations.' Sir,' said she hastily,

one hand, and a pipe in the other, as centry to a tell not me of Papists, or any of their idolatries.' brandy-shop.' The great revolutions of this'nature Well then, madam, consider how many fine ladies bring to my mind the distresses of the unfortunate live inuocently in the eye of the world, and this gay Camilla, who has had the ill luck to break before her town, in the midst of temptation : there is the witty voice, and to disappear at a time when her beauty Mrs. W- is a virgin of forty-four, Mrs. Tsis was in the height of its bloom. This lady entered thirty-nine, Mrs. Ļce thirty-three; yet you see

so thoroughly into the great characters she acted, they laugh, and are gay, at the park, at the playhouse, that when she had finished her parts she could not at balls, and at yisits; and so much at ease, that all think of retrenching her equipage, but would appear this seems hardly a self-denial, Mr. Bickerstaff,' in her own lodgings with the same magnificence that said she, with soine emotion, you are an excellent she did upon the stage. This greatness of soul had caspist ; but the last word destroyed your whole reduced that unhappy princess to an involuntary argument; if it is not self-denial, it is no virtue. I retirement, where she now passes her time among presented you with an half-guinea, in hopes not only the woods and forests, thinking on the crowns and to have my conscience eased, but my fortunę told. sceptres she has lost, and often humming over in her Yet — Well, madam,' said I, pray of what age is solitude, your husband ? He is,' replied my injured client,

I was born of royal race, • fifty; and I have been his wife fifteen years.' How

Yet must wander in disgrace, &c. happened it you nerer communicated your distress, But, for fear of being over-heard, and her quality in all this time, to your friends and relations ? She known, she usually sings it in Italian, answered, 'He has been thus but a fortnight. I am the most serious man in the world to look at, and yet

Naqui al regno, naqui al trono, could not forbear laughing out. Why, madam, in

E per sono

2 case of infirmity which proceeds only from age, the

I venturata pastorella. law gives no remedy.' Sir,' said she, I find you Since I have touched upon this subject, I shall have no more learning than Dr. Case; and I am told communicate to my reader part of a letter I have of a young man, not five-and-twenty, just come from received from an ingenious friend at Amsterdam, Oxford, to whom I will communicate this whole matter, where there is a very nobie theatre; though the and doubt not but he will appear to have seven times manner of furnishing it with actors is something more useful and satisfactory knowledge than you and peculiar to that place, and gives us occasion to all your boasted family. Thus I have entirely lost admire both the politeness and frugality of the my client i but if this tedious narrative preserves people.


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*My friends have kept me here a week longer places shall be delivered up to the allies before the than ordinary, to see one of their plays, which was end of June. The trade between Holland and performed last night with great applause. The actors France shall be on the same foot as in 1664. The are all of them tradesmen ; who, after their day's citics of Strasburg, Brisac, and Alsatia, shall be work is over, earn about a guilder a-night by person- restored to the Emperor and empire ; and the King ating kings and generals. The hero of the tragedy I of France, pursuant to the treaty of Westphalia in saw was a journeyman tailor, and his first minister 1648, shall only retain the protection of ten imperial of state a coffee-man. The empress made me think cities, riz. Colmar, Schlestat, Haguenau, Munster, of Parthenope in the Rehearsal; for her mother | Turkeim, Keisember, Obrenheim, Rosheim, Weisemkeeps an alehouse in the suburbs of Amsterdam. berg, and Landau. When the tragedy was orer, they entertained us Huninguan, Fort-Louis, Fort-Khiel, and Net. with a short farce, in which the cobbler did his part Brisac shall be demolished, and all the fortifications to a miracle ; but, upon enquiry, I found he had from Basil to Philipsburg. The King of Prussia really been working at his own trade, and repre- shall remain in the peaceable possession of Neufsenting on the stage what he acted every day in his chatel. The affair of Orange, as also the pretensions shop. The profits of the theatre maintain an of his Prussian Majesty in the Franche Comté, shall hospital; for, as here they do not think the profession be determined at this general negotiation of peace. of an actor the only trade that a man ought to The Duke of Savoy shall have a restitution made of exercise ; so they will not allow any body to grow all that has been taken from him by the French, and rich in a profession that, in their opinion, so little remain master of Exilles, Chamont, Fenestrelles, and conduces to the good of the commonwealth. If I am the valley of Pragelas. not mistaken, your playhouses in England have done the same thing; for, unless I am misinformed, the No. 21.] SATURDAY, MAY 28, 1709. hospital at Dulwich was erected and endowed by Mr. Alleyn, a player: and it is also said, a famous

White's Chocolate-house, May 26. she-tragedian has settled her estate, after her death, A gentleman has writ to me out of the country a for the maintenance of decayed wits, who are to be very civil letter, and said things which I suppress taken in as soon as they grow dull, at whatever time with great violence to my vanity. There are many of their life that shall happen.'

terms in my narratives which he complains want St. James's Coffee-house, May 25.

explaining; and has therefore desired that, for the

benefit of my country readers, I would let him know Letters from the Hague of the thirty-first instant, what I mean by a Gentleman, a Pretty Fellow, a N. S. say, that the articles preliminary to a general Toast, a Coquet, a Critic, a Wit, and all other appelpeace were settled, communicated to the states- lations of those now in the gayer world, who are in general

, and all the foreign ministers residing there, possession of these several characters; together with and transmitted to their respective masters on the an account of those who unfortunately pretend to twenty-eighth. Monsieur Torcy immediately returned them. I shall begin with him we usually call a to the court of France, from whence he is expected Gentleman, or man of conversation. again on the fourth of the next month with those It is generally tlought, that warmth of imaginaarticles ratified by that court. The Hague is agreed tion, quick relish of pleasure, and a manner of upon for the place of treaty, and the fifteenth of the next becoming it, are the most essential qualities for month the day on which it is to commence. The forming this sort of man. But any one that is much terms whereon this negotiation is founded are not in company will observe, that the height of good yet delivered by public authority ; but, what is most breeding is shown rather in never giving offence, generally received, is as follows :

than in doing obliging things. Thus he that never Her Majesty's right and title, and the Protestant shocks you, though he is seldom entertaining is more succession to these dominions is forthwith to be likely to keep your favour, than he who oftens enteracknowledged. King Charles is to be owned the tains, and sometimes displeases you. The most lawful sovereign of Spain. The French King shall not necessary talent therefore in a man of conrersation, only recall his troops out of that kingdom, and which is what we ordinarily intend by a fine gentle deliver up to the allies the towns of Roses, Ponta- man, is a good judgment. He that has this in perrabia, and Pampelona ; but, in case the Duke of fection, is master of his companion, without letting Anjou shall not retire out of the Spanish dominions, him see it ; and has the same adrantage over men he shall be obliged to assist the allies to force him of any other qualifications whatsoever, as one that from thence. A cessation of arms is agreed upon can see would have over a blind man of ten times his for two months from the first day of the treaty. The strength. port and fortifications of Dunkirk are to be demolished This is what makes Sophronius the darling of all within four months ; but the town itself left in the who converse with him, and the most powerful with hands of the French. The pretender is to be obliged his acquaintance of any man in town. By the light to leave France. All Newfoundland is to be restored of this faculty he acts with great ease and freedom to the English. As to the other parts of America, among the men of pleasure, and acquits himself with the French are to restore whatever they may have skill and despatch among the men of business. All taken from the English, as the English in like manner which he performs with such success, that, with as are to give up what they may have taken from the much discretion in life as any man ever had, he Prench, before the commencement of the treaty. The neither is, nor appears cunning. But as he does trade between Great Britain and France shall be a good office, if ever he does it, with readiness settled upon the same foundation as in the reign of and alacrity, so he denies what he does not care to King Charles the Second.

engage in, in a manner that convinces you that you The Dutch are to have for their barriers, Newport, ought not to have asked it. His judgment is so Berg, St. Vinox, Furnes, Ipres, Lisle, Tournay, good and unerring, and accompanied with so cheerful Douay, Valenciennes, Conde, Maubeuge, Mons, a spirit, that his conversation is a continual seast, at Charleroy, Namur, and Luxemburg ; all which / which he helps some, and is helped by others, in

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