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lancholy thing, that in this circumstance of love, she fell in love with Damon at a bail. From that which is the most important of all others in female moment, she that was before the most reasonable life, we women, who are, they say, always weak, are creature of all my acquaintance, cannot hear Strestill weakest. The true way of valuing a man, is phon speak, but it is something so out of the way to consider his reputation among the men. For of ladies' conversation :' and Cassio has never since want of this necessary rule towards our conduct, opened his mouth before us, but she whispers ine, when it is too late, we find ourselves married to the · How seldom do riches and sense go together! outcast of that sex; and it is generally from being The issue of all this is, that for the love of Damon, disagreeable among men, that tellows endeavour to who has neither experience, understanding, nor make themselves pleasing to us. The little accom- wealth, she despises those advantages in the other plishments of coming into a room with a good two which she finds wanting in her lover; or else air, and telling, while they are with us, what we thinks he has them for no other reason but because cannot bear among ourselves, usually make up the he is her lover. This, and many other instances, whole of a woman's man's merit. But if we, when may be given in this town; but I hope this much we began to reflect upon our lovers, in the first may suffice to prevent the growth of such evils at place, considered what figures they make in the Edinburgh. camp, at the bar, on the exchange, in their country, or at court, we should behold them in quite another view than at present.
No. 248.] THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 9, 1710. * Were we to behave ourselves according to this
Mediâ sese tulit obvia silvia, rule, we should not have the just imputation of fa
Virginis os habitumque gerens. Virg. Æn. i. 318. vouring the silliest of mortals, to the great scandal of the wisest, who value our favour as it advances Lo! in the deep recesses of the wood their pleasure, not their reputation. In a word, Before my eyes a beauteous form appears, madam, if you would judge right in love, you must A virgin's dress and modest looks she wears. look upon it as in a case of friendship. Were this
R. Wynne. gentleman treating with you for any thing but your.
BY ISAAC BICKERSTAFF, ESQUIRE. self
, when you bad consented to his offer, if be fell off you would call him a cheat and an impostor. From my oun Apartment, November 8. There is, therefore, nothing left for you to do but It may perhaps appear ridiculous, but I must conto despise him, and yourself for doing it with regret. fess, this last summer, as I was riding in Entieltd
I am madam, &c.' chase, I met a young lady whom I could hardly get I have heard it often argued in conversation, that out of my head, and for ought I know, my heart, this evil practice is owing to the perverted taste of ever since. She was mounted on a pad, with a very the wits in the last generation. A libertine on the well-fancied furniture: She set her horse with a throne could very easily make the language and the very graceful air; and, when I saluted her with my fashion turn his own way. Hence it is that woman hat, she bowed to me so obligingly that, whether it is treated as a mistress, and not a wife. It is from was her civility or beauty that touched me so much, the writings of those times, and the traditional ac- I know not; but I am sure I shall never forget her. counts of the debauches of their men of pleasure, She dwells in my imagination in a figure so tuch that the coxcombs now-a-days take upon them, for- to her advantage, that if I were to draw a piciune sooth, to be false swains, and perjured lovers. Me- of youth, health, beauty, or modesty, I should rethinks I feel all the woman rise in me, when I re- present any, or all of them, in the person of that flect upon the nauseous rogues that pretend to desire young woman. us. Wretches, that can never have it in their I do not find that there are any descriptions in power to overreach any thing living but their mis- the ancient poets so beautiful as those they draw of tresses! In the name of goodness, if we are de- nyinphs in their pastoral dresses and exercises. signed by nature as suitable companions to the Virgil gives Venus the babit of a Spartan huntress other sex, why are we not treated accordingly? 11 when she is to put Æneas in his way, and relieve his we have merit, as some allow, why is it not as base cares with the most agreeable object imaginable. in men to injure us, as one another? If we are the Diana and her train are always described as inhabiinsignificants that others call us, where is the tants of the woods, and followers of the chase. To triumph in deceiving us ? But, when I look at the be well diverted, is the safest guard to innocence; bottom of this disaster, and recollect the many of and, methinks, it should be one of the first things to my acquaintance whom I have known in the same be regarded among people of condition, to find out condition with the Northern Lass' that occasions proper amusements for young ladies. I canuot but this discourse, I must own I have ever found the think this of riding might easily be revived among perfidiousness of men has been generally owing to them, when they consider how much it must con. ourselves, and we have contributed to our own de tribute to their beauty. This would lay up the best ceit. The truth is, we do not conduct ourselves as portion they could bring into a family, a good stock we are courted, but as we are inclined. When we of health, to transmit to their posterity. Such a let our imaginations take this unbridled swing, it is charming bloom as this gives to the countenance, is not he that acts best is most lovely, but he that is very much preferable to the real or affected feeblemost lovely acts best. When our humble servants ness of softness, which appears in the faces of our make their addresses, we do not keep ourselves modern beauties. enough disengaged to be judges of their merit; and The comedy, called, 'The Ladies Cure,' repreWe seldom give our judgment of our lover, until we sents the affectation of wan looks and languid glances have lost our judgment for him.
to a very entertaining extravagance. There is, as While Clarinda was passionately attended and the lady in the play complains, something so robust addressed to "by Strephon, who is a man of sense in perfect health, that it is with her a point of breed-, and knowledge in the world, and Cassio, who has a ing and delicacy to appear in public with a sickly plentiful fortune, and an excellent understanding, air. But the natural gaiety and spirit which shine
in the complexion of such as form to themselves a I shall, therefore, take this matter into serious consort of diverting industry, by choosing recreations sideration; and will propose, for the better improvethat are exercises, surpass all the false ornaments ment of the fair sex, a Female Library. This and graces that can be put on by applying the whole collection of books shall consist of such authors * dispensary of a toilet. A healthy body, and a do not corrupt while they divert, but shall tend more cheerful mind, give charms as irresistible as inimita- immediately to improve them as they are women. ble. The beauteous Dyctinna, who came to town They shall be such as shall not hurt a feature by the last week, bas, from the constant prospect in a deli- austerity of their reflections, nor cause one imperticious country, and the moderate exercise and journeys nent glance by the wantonness of them. They in the visits she made round it, contracted a certain shall all tend to advance the value of their innocence life in her countenance, which will in vain employ as virgins, improve their understanding as 'wives, both the painters and poets to represent. The and regulate their tenderness as parents. It has becoming negligence in her dress, the severe sweet- been very often said in these lucubrations, that the ness of her looks, and a certain innocent boldness ideas which most frequently pass through our imagiin all her behaviour, are the effect of the active re- nations, leave traces of themselves in our countecreations I am talking of.
nan ees.' There shall be a striet regard had to this But instead of such, or any other as innocent and in my Female Library, which shall be furnished with pleasing method of passing away their time with nothing that shall give supplies to ostentation or alacrity, we have many in town who spend their im pertinence; but the whole shall be so digested hours in an indolent state of body and mind, without for the use of my students, that they shall not go either recreations or reflections. I am apt to be out of character in their enquiries, but their knowlieve there are some parents who imagine their ledge appear only a cultivated innocence. daughters will be accomplished enough, if nothing interrupt their growth, or their shape. According No. 249.) SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 1710. to this method of education, I could name you twenty families, where all the girls hear of, in this Per varios casus, per tot discrimina rerum, life, is, that it is time to rise and to come to dinner, Tendimus.
Viry. Æn. i. 208 as if they were so insignificant as to be wholly pru
Through various hazards and events we more. vided for when they are fed and clothed.
Dryden It is with great indignation that I see such crowds of the female world lost to human society, and con.
From my own Apartment, November 10. demned to a laziness, which makes life pass away I was last night visited by a friend of mine who with less relish than in the hardest labour. Palestris, has an inexhaustible fund of discourse, and never in her drawing-room, is supported by spirits to keep fails to entertain his company with a variety of off the returns of spleen and melancholy, before thoughts and hints that are altogether new and usshe can get over half of the day for want of some common. Whether it were in complaisance to my thing to do, while the wench in the kitchen sings way of living, or his real opinion, he advanced the and scours from morning to night.
following paradox: That it required much greater The next disagreeable thing to a lazy lady, is a talents to fill up and become a retired life than a life very busy one. A man of business in good com- of business. Upon this occasion he rallied very pany, who gives an account of his abilities and des- agreeably the busy men of the age, who only valued patches, is hardly more insupportable than her they themselves for being in motion, and passing through call a notable woman, and a manager. Lady Good- a series of trifling and insignificant actions. In the day, where I visited the other day, at a very polite heat of his discourse, seeing a piece of money circle, entertained a great lady with a recipe for a laying on my table, "I defy,' says he, “any of these poultice, and gave us to understand, that she had active persons to produce half the adventures that done extraordinary cures since she was last in town. this twelve-penny-piece has been engaged in, were It seems a countryman had wounded himself with it possible for him to give us an account of his life.' his scythe as he was mowing; and we were obliged My friend's talk made so odd an impression upon to hear of her charity, her medicine, and her humi- my mind, that soon after I was a-bed I fell insensility, in the harshest tone and coarsest language bly into an unaccountable reverie, that had neither imaginable.
moral por design in it, and cannot be so properly What I would request in all this prattle is, that called a dream as a delirium. our females would either let us have their persons, Methought the shilling that lay upon the table or their minds, in such perfection as nature designed reared itself upon its edge, and turning the face them.
towards me, opened his mouth, and in a soft silver The way to this is, that those who are in the sound, gave me the following account of his life and quality of gentlewomen, should propose to them- adventures:selves some suitable method of passing away their * I was born,' says he, on the side of a mountain, time. This would furnish them with reflections and near a little village of Peru, and made a voyage to sentiments proper for the companions of reasonable England in an ingot, under the conroy of er men, and prevent the unnatural marriages which Francis Drake. I was, soon after my arrival
, happen every day between the most accomplished taken out of my Indian babit, refined, naturalized, women and the veriest oafs, the vorthiest men and and put into the British mode, with the face of the most insignificant females. Were the general queen Elizabeth on one side, and the arms of the turn of women's education of another kind than it country on the other. Being thus equipped, I found is at present, we should want one another for more in me a wonderful inclination to ramble, and visit all reasons than we do as the world now foes. The the parts of the new world into which I was brought. common desigă of parents, is to get their girls of The people very much favoured my natural disposis as well as they can; and they make no conscience tion, and shifted me so fast from hand to hard, that, of putting into our hands a bargain for our whole before. I was five years old, I had travelled into life, which will make our hearts ache every day of it. almost every corner of the nation. But 10 the
beginning of my sixth year, to my unspeakable bad been happier in my retirement than I thought, grief, I fell into the hands of a miserable old fellow, having probably by that means escaped wearing a . who clapped me into an iron chest, where I found monstrous pair of breeches. five hundred more of my own quality who lay under . Being now of great credit and antiquity, I was the same confinement. The only relief we had, rather looked upon as a medal than an ordinary coin; was to be taken out and counted over in the fresh for which reason a gamester laid hold of me, and air every morning and evening. After an imprison-converted me to a counter, having got together ment of several years, we heard somebody knock- some dozens of us for that use. We led a melaning at our chest and breaking it open with a ham-choly life in his possession, being busy at those
This we found was the old man's heir, who, hours wherein current coin is at rest, and partaking as his father lay dying, was so good as to come to in the fate of our master; being in a few moments our release. He separated us that very day. What valued at a crown, a pound, or a sixpence, according was the fate of my companions I know not; as for to the situation in which the fortune of the cards myself, I was sent to the apothecary's shop for a pint of placed us. I had at length the good luck to see my sack. The apothecary gave me to an herb-woman, master break, by which means I was ayain sent the herb-woman to a butcher, the butcher to a brewer, abroad under my primitive denomination of a sbilling. and the brewer to his wife, who made a present of me I shall pass over many other accidents of less to a nonconformist preacher. After this manner Imoment, and hasten to that fatal catastrophe when I made my way merrily through the world, for, as I told fell into the hands of an artist, who conveyed me you before, we shillings love nothing so much as tra- under ground, and with an unmerciful pair of velling. I sometimes fetched in a shoulder of mutlon, shears cut off my titles, clipped my brims, retrenched sometimes a play-book, and often had the satisfac- my shape, rubbed me to my inmost ring; and, in
tion to treat a templar at a twelve-penny ordinary, short, so spoiled and pillaged me, that he did not por carry him with three friends to Westminster-hall. leave me worth a groat. You may think what con
In the midst of this pleasant progress which I fusion I was in to see myself thus curtailed and dismade from place to place, I was arrested by a super- figured. I should have been ashamed to have shown stitious old woman, who shut me up in a greasy my head, had not all my old acquaintance been repurse, in pursuance of a foolish saying, "that while duced to the same shameful figure, excepting some she kept a queen Elizabeth's shilling about her she few that were punched through the belly. In the should never be without money.” I continued here midst of this general calamity, when every body a close prisoner for many months, until at last I was thought our misfortune irretrievable, and our case exchanged for eight-and-forty farthings.
desperate, we were thrown into the furnace together, I thus rambled from pocket to pocket until the and, as it often happens with cities rising out of a beginning of the civil wars, when, to my shame be fire, appeared with greater beauty and lustre than it spoken, I was employed in raising soldiers against we could ever boast of before. What has happened the king: for, being of a very tempting breadth, a to me since this change of sex which you now see, I serjeant made use of me to inveigle country fellows, shall take some other opportunity to relate. In the and list them into the service of the parliament. mean time, I shall only repeat two adventures, as
* As soon as he had made one man sure, his way being very extraordinary, and neither of them havwas, to oblige him to take a shilling of a more homely ing ever happened to me above once in my life. figure, and then practise the same trick upon The first was, my being in a poet's pocket, who was another. Thus I continued doing great mischief to so taken with the brightness and novelty of my apthe crown, until my officer chancing one morn-pearance, that it gave occasion to the finest burlesque ing to walk abroad earlier than ordinary, sacrificed poem in the British language, intitled, from me, me to his pleasures, and made use of me to seduce The splendid Shilling. The second adventure, which a milk-maid. This wench bent me, and gave me to I must not omit, happened to me in the year 1703, her sweetheart, applying, more properly thau she when I was given away in charity to a blind man; intended, the usual form of, "to my love, and from but indeed this was by mistake, the person who gave my love." The ungenerous gallant marrying her me having thrown me heedlessly into the hat among within a few days after, pawned me for a dram of a pennyworth of farthings.' brandy; and drinking me out, next day I was beaten flat with a hammer, and again set a-running.
After many adventures, which it would be tedi- No. 250.) TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 14, 1710. ous to relate, I was sent to a young spendthrift, in Scis enim justum gemina suspendere lance company with the will of his deceased father. The
Ancipitis libræ ?
Pers. Sat. iv. 10. young fellow, who I found was very extravagant, gave great demonstrations of joy at receiving the
Know'st thou, with equal hand to hold the scale ?
Dryden. will; but opening it, he found himself disinherited, and cut off from the possession of a fair estate by
From my own Apartment, November 13. virtue of my being made a present to him. This I LAST winter erected a court of justice for the put him in such a passion, that after having taken correcting of several enormities in dress and behame in his hand, and cursed me, he squirred me away viour, which are not cognizable in any other courts from bim as far as he could fing me. I chanced to of this realm; the vintner's case, which I there light in an unfrequented place under a dead wall, tried, is still fresh in every man's memory. That where I lay undiscovered and useless during the of the petticoat also gave a general satisfaction: usurpation of Oliver Cromwell.
not to mention the more important points of the About a year after the king's return, a poor ca- cane and perspective; in which, if I did not give valier, that was walking there about dinner-time, judgments and decrees according to the strictest fortunately cast his eye upon me, and, to the great rules of equity and justice, I can safely say, I acted joy of us both, carried me to a cook's shop, where according to the best of my understanding. But he chined upon me, and drank the king's health. - as for the proceedings of that court, I shall refer When I came again into the world, I found that I my reader to an account of them, written by my
secretary, which is now in the press, and will shortly without insulting his hearer:'' what degree of con be published under the title of Lillie's Reports.' tradiction amounts to the lie;" howa map shall te
As I last year presided over a court of justice, it sent another's staring and cocking a hat in bis face;' is my intention this year to set myself at the head of 'if asking pardon is an atonement for treading open a court of honour. There is no court of this na- one's toes; whether a man may pat up with a back tare any where at present, except in France; where, on the ear, received from a stranger in the dark » according to the best of my intelligence, it consists or, 'whether a man of honour may take a blow of his of such only as are marshals of that kingdom. I am wife;' with several other subtleties of the like battre. likewise informed, that there is not one of that For my direction in the duties of my office, 1
honourable board at present, who has not been have furnished myself with a certain astrological 1. * driven out of the field by the duke of Marlborough: pair of scales, which I have contrived for this pur. *' but whether this be only an accidental or a necessary pose. In one of them I lay the injuries, in the
qualification, I must confess, I am not able to de. Other the reparations. The first are represented by termine.
little weights made of a metal resembling iron, así As for the court of honour, of which I am here the other of gold. These are not only lighter than speaking, I intend to sit in it myself as president, the weights made use of in avoirdupois, but also with several men of honour on my right hand, and such as are used in troy weight. The heaviest of women of virtue on my left, as my assistants. The those that represent the injuries amount bat to a first place on the bench I have given to an old Tan- scruple; and decrease by so many subdivisions
, gereen captain with a wooden leg. The second is a that there are several imperceptible weights which gentleman of a long 'twisted periwig without a curl cannot be seen without the help of a very fine in it, a muff with very little hair upon it, and a croscope, I might acquaint my reader, that these threadbare coat with new buttons; being a person scales were made under the influence of the run of great worth, and second brother to a man of qua- when he was in Libra, and describe many signatures lity. The third is a gentleman-usher, extremely on the weights both of injury and reparation; bata well read in romances, and grandson to one of the this would look rather to proceed from an ostenta greatest wits in Germany, who was some time master tion of my owu art, than any care for the publie ! of the ceremonies to the duke of Wolfembottle.
shall pass it over in silence. As for those who sit further on my right hand, as it is usual in public courts, they are such as will fill up the number oi faces upon the bench, and serve No. 251.) THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1710 rather for ornament than use. The chief upon my left hand are,
Quisnam igitur liber? Sapiens, sibi qui imperiostas: An old maiden lady, that preserves some of the Quem peque pauperies, Deque mors, nee vinenia best blood of England in her veins.
terrent: An old prude, that has censured every marriage Esterni ne quid valeat per læve morari; A Welsh woman of a little stature, but high spirit
. Responsare cupidinibus, contemnere honores,
Fortis, et in seipso totus; teres atque rotundus, for
these thirty years, and is lately wedded to a young In quem manca ruit semper fortuna
Hor. 2 Sat, i.3 correspondences with the horse-guards, and the Who then is free ?-The wise, who well maintains veterans of Chelsea-college: the former to furnish An empire o'er himself; whom neither chains, me with twelve men of honour as often as I shall Nor want, nor death, with slavish fear inspire ; have occasion for a grand jury; and the latter, Who boldly answers to his warm desire; with as many good men and true, for a petty jury. Who can ambition's vainest gifts despise ;
As for the women of virtue, it will not be difficult Firm in himself who on himself relies; for me to find them about midnight at crimp and Polish'd and round who runs his proper conse, basset.
And breaks misfortune with superior force. Pranck Having given this public notice of my court. I must further add, that I intend to open it on this
From my own Apartment, November 15. day sevennight, being Monday the twentieth in It is necessary to an easy and happy life, to pre stant; and do hereby invite all such as have suffered sess our minds in such a manner as to be always injuries and affronts that are not to be redressed by well satisfied with our own reflections. The way to the common laws of this land, whether they be this state is to measure our actions by our own short bows, cold salutations, supercilious looks, un- nion, and not by that of the rest of the world returned smiles, distant behaviour, or forced fami- The sense of other men ought to prevail over us *** liarity; aš also all such as have been aggrieved by things of less consideration, but not in the any ambiguous expression, accidental justle, or vn- where truth and honour are engaged. When * kind repartee; likewise all such as have been de- look into the bottom of things, what at first 22 p frauded of their right to the wall
, tricked out of the a paradox is a plain truth; and those profesoins upper end of the table, or have been suffered to which, for want of being doly weighed, seem to place themselves, in their own wrong, on the back proceed from a sort of romantie philosophy, to seat of the coach. These, and all of these, I do as ignorance of the world, after a little reflection, ar* I above-said, invite to bring in their several cases so reasonable, that it is direct madness to valsts and complaints
, in which they shall be relieved with any other rules. Thus, to contradict our desires and all imaginable expedition,
to conquer the impulses of our ambition, in the I am very sensible, that the office I have now taken do not fall in with what we in our inward sentiment upon me will engage me in the disquisition of many approve, is so much our interest, and so absolute weighty points, that daily perplex the youth of the necessary to our real happiness, that to content al British Nation; and, therefore, I have already dis- the wealth and power in the world, where they stard cussed several of them for my future use: as, 'how in competition with a man's hononr, is rather good far a man may brandish his cane, in telling a story, I sense than greatness of mind.
Did we consider that the mind of a man is the Look about you in common life along the ordinary man himself, we should think it the most unnatural race of mankind, and you will find merit in every sort of self-murder to sacrifice the sentiment of the kind is allowed only to those who are in particular soul to gratify the appetites of the body. Bless us ! districts or sets of company; but, since men can is it possible that, when the necessities of life are have little pleasure in these faculties which denomisupplied, a man would flatter to be rich, or circum nate them persons of distinction, let them give up vent to be powerful! When we meet a peor wretch, such an empty pursuit, and think nothing essential urged with hanger and cold, asking an alms, we tu happiness but what is in their own poweithe are apt to think this a state we could rather starve capacity of reflecting with pleasure on their own than submit to; but yet how much more despicable actions, however they are interpreted. is his condition, who is above necessity, and yet It is 80 evident a truth, that it is only in our own shall resign his reason and his integrity to purchase bosoms we are to search for any thing to make us snperfluities! Both these are abject and common happy, that it is, methinks, a disgrace to our pature beggars; but sure it is less despicable to beg a sup- to talk of taking our measures from thence only, as ply to a man's hunger than his vanity. But custom a matter of fortitude. When all is well there, the and general prepossessions have so far prevailed over vicissitudes and distinctions of life are the mere an unthinking world, that those necessitous crea-scenes of a drama; and he will never act his part tures, who cannot relish life without applause, at- well, who has his thoughts more fixed upon the aptendance, and equipage, are so far from making a plause of the audience than the design of his part. contemptible figure, that distressed virtue is less The life of a man who acts with a steady inteesteemed than successful vice. But if a man's ap- grity, without valuing the interpretation of his acpeal, in cases that regard his honour, were made to tions, has but one uniform regular path to move in, his own soul, there would be a basis and standing where he cannot meet opposition, or fear ambuscade. rule for our conduct, and we should always endea- On the other side, the least deviation from the rules vour rather to be, than appear honourable. Mr. of honour introduces a train of numberless evils, Collier, in his ' Essay on Fortitude,' has treated this and involves him in inexplicable mazes. He that subject with great wit and magnanimity. What,' has entered into guilt has bid adieu to rest; and says he, 'can be more honourable than to have cou- every criminal has his share of the miserv expressed rage enough to execute the commands of reason and so emphatically in the tragedian, conscience? to maintain the dignity of our nature,
Macbeth shall sleep no more ! and the station assigned us? to be proof against poverty, pain, and death itself?-I mean so far as but the calm command of his own passions, that the
It was with detestation of every other grandeur not to do any thing that is scandalous or sinful to excellent Mr. Cowley cries out with so much justice: avoid them. To stand adversity under all shapes with decency and resolution! To do this, is to be
If e'er ambition did my fancy cheat great above title and fortune. This argues the soul With any thought so mean as to be great, of a heavenly extraction, and is worthy the offspring
Continue, heaven, still from me to remove of the Deity.'
The humble blessings of that life I love ! What a generous ambition has this man pointed to us! When men have settled in themselves a conviction, by such noble precepts, that there is No. 252.] SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1710. nothing honourable which is not accompanied with
Narratur et prisci Catonis innocence; nothing mean but what has guilt in it:
Sæpe mero caluisse virtus. Hor. 3 Od. xxi. 11. I say, when they have attained thus much, though
of old, poverty, pain, and death, may still retain their terrors ; yet riches, pleasures, and honours, will easily
Cato's virtue, we are told, lose their charms, if they stand between us and our
Often with a bumper glow'd integrity.
And with social raptures flow'd. Francis. What is here said with allusion to fortune and
From my own Apartment, November 17. fame may be as justly applied to wit and beauty; for these latter are as adventitious as the other, and
The following letter, and several others to the as little concern the essence of the soul. They are far from being guilty, to wit, the disallowing the
same purpose, accuse me of a rigour of which I am all laudable in the man who possesses them, only for cheerful use of wine the just application of them. A bright imagination, while it is subservient to an honest and noble soul,
From my Country house, is a faculty which makes a man justly admired by
*MR. BICKERSTAFF, October 25. mankind, and furnishes him with reflections upon Your discourse against drinking, in Tuesday's his own actions which add delicates to the feast of Tatler, I like well enough in the main; but, in my a good conscience; but when wit descends to wait humble opinion, you are become too rigid, where you upon sensual pleasures, or promote the base purposes say to this effect: “Were there only this single of ambition, it is then to be contemned in proportion consideration, that we are the less masters of ourto its excellence. If a man will not resolve to selves, if we drink the least proportion beyond the place the foundation of happiness in his own mind, exigence of thirst.” I hope no one drinks wine to life is a bewildered and unhappy state, incapable of allay this appetite. This seems to be designed for a rest or tranquillity. For to such a one, the general loftier indulgence of nature; for it were hard to applause of valour, wit, nay of honesty itself, can suppose that the Author of Nature, who imposed give him but a very feeble comfort ; since it is ca- upon her her necessities and pains, does not allow pable of being interrupted by any one who wants her the proper pleasures; and we may reckon among either understanding or good-nature to see or ac- the latter the moderate use of the grape. Though † knowledge such excellencies. This rule is so neces- am as much against excess, or whatever approaches sary, that one may very safely say, it is impossible it, as yourself; yet I conceive one may safely go io know any true relish of our being without it. I farther than the bounds you there prescribe, not