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Coltstaff, Mr. Whipstaff, and Mrs. Rebecca Wagstaff;, heirs. I lay very quiet; but the witch, for no manner all which relate chiefly to their being left out in the of reason or provocation in the world, takes me, genealogy of the family lately published; but my and binds my head as hard as possibly she could; cousin who writ that draught, being a clerk in the then ties up both my legs, and makes me swallow Herald's office, and being at present under the dis- down an horrid mixture. I thought it a harsh enpleasure of the chapter; it is feared, if that matter trance into life, to begin with taking physic; but I should be touched upon at this time, the young gen- was forced to it, or else must have taken down a tleman would lose his place for treason against the great instrument in which she gave When I King of Arms.

was thus dressed, I was carried to a bed side, where Castabella's complaint is come to hand.'

a fine young lady (my mother I wot) had like to have hugged me to death. From her, they faced

me about, and there was a thing with quite apother No. 15.] SATURDAY, MAY 14, 1709.

look from the rest of the company, to whom they

talked about my nose. He seemed wonderfully From my own Apartment, May 12.

pleased to see me; but I knew since, my nose beI have taken a resolution hereafter, on any want longed to another family. That into which I was of intelligence, to carry my familiar abroad with me, born is one of the most numerous amongst you; who has promised to give me very proper and just therefore crowds of relations came every day to connotices of persons and things, to make up the history gratulate my arrival; amongst others, my cousin of the passing day. He is wonderfully skilful in the Betty, the greatest romp in nature : she whisks me knowledge of men and manners, which has made me such a height over her head, that I cried out for fear more than ordinary curious to know how he came to of falling. She pinched me, and called me squealing that perfection, and I communicated to him that chit, and threw me into a girl's arms that was taken doubt. Mr. Pacolet,' said I, I am mightily sur- in to tend me. The girl was very proud of the prised to see you so good a judge of our nature and womanly employment of a nurse, and took upon her to circumstances, since you are a mere spirit, and have strip and dress me a-new, because I made a noise, no knowledge of the bodily part of us.' He answered, to see what ailed me: she did so, and stuck a pin in smiling, 'You are mistaken ; I have been one of you, every joint about me. I still cried : upon which, she and lived a month amongst you; which gives me an lays me on my face in her lap; and, to quiet me, fell exact sense of your condition. You are to know, a-nailing in all the pins, by clapping me on the back, that all who enter into human life have a certain and screaming a lullaby. But my pain made me date or stamen given to their being, which they only exalt my voice above hers, which brought up the who die of age may be said to have arrived at; but nurse, the witch I first saw, and my grandmother. it is ordered sometimes by fate, that such as die The girl is turned down stairs, and I stripped again, infants are, after death, to attend mankind to the as well to find what ailed me, as to satisfy my end of that stamen of being in themselves, which granma's further curiosity. This good old woman's was broke off by sickness or any other disaster. visit was the cause of all my trouble. You are to These are proper guardians to men, as being sensible understand, that I was hitherto bred by hand, and of the infirmity of their state. You are philosopher any body that stood next gave me pap, if I did but enough to know, that the difference of men’s under open my lips ; insomuch, that I was growing so cunstandings proceeds only from the various dispositions ning, as to pretend myself asleep when I was not, to of their organs ; so that he who dies at a month old, prevent my being crammed. But my grandmother is in the next life as knowing, though more innocent, began a loud lecture upon the idleness of the wives as they who live to fifty; and after death, they have of this age, who, for fear of their shapes, forbear as perfect a memory and judgment of all that passed suckling their own offspring: and ten nurses were in their life-time, as I have of all the revolutions in immediately sent for ; one was whispered to have a that uneasy turbulent condition of yours; and you wanton eye, and would soon spoil her milk; another Fould say I had enough of it in a month, were I to was in a consumption ; the third had an ill voice, and tell you all my misfortunes.' 'A life of a month would frighten me instead of lulling me to sleep. cannot have, one would think, much variety. But Such exceptions were made against all but one country pray,' said I, “let us have your story.'

milch-wench, to whom I was committed, and put Then he proceeds in the following manner: to the breast. This careless jade was eternally romp

It was one of the most wealthy families in Greating with the footman, and downright starved me; Britain into which I was born, and it was a very insomuch that I daily pined away, and should never great happiness to me that it so happened, other. have been relieved had it not been that, on the thirpise I had still, in all probability, been living; but tieth day of my life, a Fellow of the Royal Society, I shall recount to you all the occurrences of my short who had writ upon Cold Baths, came to visit me, and miserable existence, just as, by examining into and solemnly protested, I was utterly lost for want the traces made in my brain, they appeared to me at of that method : upon which he soused me head and that time. The first thing that ever struck my senses ears into a pail of water, where I had the good forwas a noise over my head of one shrieking; after tunc to be drowned ; and so escaped being lashed which, methought, I took a full jump, and found into a linguist until sixteen, running after wenches myself in the hands of a sorceress, who seemed as if until twenty-five, and being married to an ill-natured she had been long waking, and employed in some wife until sixty: which had certainly been my fate, incantation : I was thoroughly frightened, and cried had not the enchantment between body and soul been out; but she immediately seemed to go on in some broke by this philosopher. Thus, until the age I magical operation, and anointed me from head to should have otherwise lived, I am obliged to watch foot. What they meant, I could not imagine; for the steps of men ; and, if you please, shall accompany there gathered a great crowd about me, crying, 'An you in your present walk, and get you intelligence heir! an heirl' upon which I grew a little still, and from the aërial lacquey, who is in waiting, what are believed this was a ceremony to be used only to great the thoughts and purposes of any whom you enquire persons, and such as made them what they called for.'

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I accepted his kind offer, and immediately took genius, are such as show persons distinguished from him with me in a hack to White's.

the common level of mankind; such as placed hapWhite's Chocolate-house, May 13.

piness in the contempt of low fears and mean gratifi

cations : fears wbich we are subject to with the We got in hither, and my companion threw a vulgar; and pleasures which we have in common powder round us, that made me as invisible as himself; with beasts. With these illustrious personages, the so that we could see and hear all others, ourselves wisest man was the greatest wit; and none was unseen and unheard.

thought worthy of that character, unless he answered The first thing we took notice of was a nobleman this excellent description of the poet: of a goodly and frank aspect, with his generous birth

Qui and temper visible in it, playing at cards with a

metus omnes et inexorabile fatum creature of a black and horrid countenence, wherein

Subjecit pedibus strepitumque Acherontis avari

. were plainly delineated the arts of his mind, cozenage,

Virg. Georg. ii. 492, and falsehood. They were marking their game with Happy the man, counters, on which we could see inscriptions, imper- His mind possessing in a quiet state, ceptible to any but us. My lord had scored with Fearless of fortune, and resigned to fate.--Dryden. pieces of ivory, on which were writ Good Fame, Glory, Riches, Honour, and Posterity. The spectre

St. James's Coffee-house, May 13. over against him had on his counters the inscriptions We had this morning advice, that some Engüsh of Dishonour, Impudence, Poverty, Ignorance, and merchant-ships, convoyed by the Bristol of fifty-four want of Shame.' "Bless me!' said I ; 'sure my Lord guns, were met with by a part of Monsieur du Gui does not see what he plays for ? · As well as I do,' says Trouin's squadron, who engaged the coproy. That Pacolet. 'He despises that fellow ne plays with, ship defended itself until the English merchants gat and scorns himself for making him his companion.' clear of the enemy; but, being disabled, was herself At the very instant he was speaking, I saw the taken. Within a few hours after, my Lord Dursley fellow who played with my lord, hide two cards in the came up with part of his squadron, and engaging the roll of his stocking: Pacolet immediately stole them French, retook the Bristol (which, being much shatfrom thence; upon which the nobleman soon after tered, sunk;) and took the Glorieux, a ship of fortywon the game. The little triumph he appeared in, four guns, as also a privateer of fourteen. Before when he got such a triding stock of ready money, this action, his lordship had taken two French mer though he had ventured so great sums with indif- chant-men, and had, at the despatch of these ado ference, increased my admiration. But Pacolet vices, brought the whole safe into Plymouth. began to talk to me. Mr. Isaac, this to you looks wonderful, but not at all to us higher beings : that nobleman has as many good qualities as any man of No. 16.] TUESDAY, MAY 17, 1709. his order, and seems to have no faults but what, as I may say, are excrescences from virtues. He is

White's Chocolate-house, May 15. generous to a prodigality, more affable than is con- Sir Thomas, of this house, has showed me some sistent with his quality, and courageous to a rash- letters from Bath, which give accounts of shar ness. Yet after all this, the source of his whole passes among the good company of that place; and conduct is (though he would hate himself if he knew allowed me to transcribe one of them, that seems to it) mere avarice. The ready cash laid before the be writ by some of Sir Thomas's particular acquaintgamester's counters makes him venture, as you see,

ance, and is as follows :and lay distinction against infamy, abundance against

· DEAR KNIGHT, want, in a word, all that is desirable against all that

May 9, 1709. is to be avoided. However, said I, be sure you dis- I desire, you will give my humble service to all appoint the sharpers to-night, and steal from them our friends, which I speak of to you (out of method) all the cards they hide. Pacolet obeyed me, and my in the very beginning of my epistle, lest the present Lord went home with their whole bank in his pocket.' disorders, by which this seat of gallantry and plea

sure is torn to pieces, should make me forget it. Will's Coffee-house, May 13.

You keep so good company, that you know Beth is To-night was acted a second time a comedy, called stocked with such as come hither to be relieved from The Busy Body: this play is written by a lady. In luxuriant health, or imaginary sickness; and conse old times we used to sit upon a a play here after it quently is always as well stowed with gallants, as was acted; but now the entertainment is turned invalids, who live together, in a very good underanother way; not but there are considerable men in standing. But the season is so early, that our fine all ages, who, for some eminent quality or invention, company is not yet arrived ; and the warm bath, deserve the esteem and thanks of the public. Such which in heathen times was dedicated to Venus, is a benefactor is a gentleman of this house; who is now used only by such as really want it for healta's observed by the surgeons with much envy; and is sake. There are, however, a good many strangers, ranked among, and received by the modern wits, as among whom are two ambitious ladies, who being a great promoter of gallantry and pleasure. But, I both in the autumn of their life, take the opportyfear, pleasure is less understood in this age, which nity of placing themselves at the head of such as we so much pretends to it, than in any since the are, before the Chloe's, Clarissa's, and Pastorella's creation. It was admirably said of him who first took come down. One of these two is excessively in pain, notice, that (res est severa voluptas) there is a that the ugly being called Time, will make wrinkles certain severity in pleasure.' Without that, all de- in spite of the lead forehead cloth; and therefore cency is banished; and if reason is not to be present hides with the gaiety of her air, the volubility of her at our greatest satisfactions, of all the race of crea- tongue, and quickness of her motion, the injuries tures, the human is the most miserable. It was not so which it has done her. The other lady is but two of old : when Virgil describes a wit, he always means years behind her in life, and dreads as much being a virtuous man; and all his sentiments of men of laid aside as the former; and consequently hast; key

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ever was seen.

the necessary precautions to prevent her reign over | tertained with this whole relation from Statira, who us. But she is very discreet, and wonderfully turned wiped her eyes with her tragical cut handkerchief, for ambition, being never apparently transported and lamented the ignorance of the quality. Florimel either with affection or malice. Thus, while Florimel was stung with this affront, and the next day beis talking in public, and spreading her graces in spoke the puppet-show. Prudentia, insolent with assemblies to gain a popular dominion over our power, bespoke Alexander. The whole company diversions, Prudentia visits very cunningly all the lame, came then to Alexander. Madame Petulant desired the splenetic, and the superannuated, who have her daughters to mind the moral, and believe no their distinct classes of followers and friends. Among man's fair words : • For you will see, children,' said these she has found, that somebody has sent down she,' these soldiers are never to be depended upon ; printed certificates of Florimel's age, which she has they are sometimes here, sometimes there.-Do not read and distributed to this unjoyful set of people, you see, daughter Betty, Colonel Clod, our next who are always enemies to those in possession of the neighbour in the country, pull off his hat to you? good opinion of the company. This unprovoked in-court'sy, good child, his estate is just by us. Florijury done by Prudentia, was the first occasion of our mel was now mortified down to Prudentia's humour ; fatal divisions here, and a declaration of war between and Prudentia exalted into her's. This was obthese rivals. Florimel has abundance of wit, which served ; Florimel invites us to the play a second time, she has lavished in decrying Prudentia, and giving Prudentia to the show. See the uncertainty of defiance to her little arts. For an instance of her human affairs ! the beaux, the wits, the gamesters, the superior power, she bespoke the play of Alexander prudes, the coquettes, the valetudinarians and galthe Great, to be acted by the company of strollers, lants, all now wait upon Florimel. Such is the state and desired us all to be there on Thursday last of things at this present date; and if there happens When she spoke to me to conie, · As you are,' said any new commocions, you shall have immediate adshe, “a lover, you will not fail the death of Alex. vice from,

• Sir, ander: the passion of love is wonderfully hit-Sta

• Your affectionate friend and servant.' tira! O that happy woman—to have a conqueror at

To Castabella. her feet ! But you will be sure to be there. I, and several others, resolved to be of her party. But see

• MADAM,

May 16, 1709. the irresistible strength of that unsuspected creature,

I have the honour of a letter from a friend of a' silent woman.' Prudentia had counterplotted us yours, relating to an incivility done to you at the and had bespoken on the same evening the puppet-opera, by one of your own sex; but I, who was an show of the creation of the world.' She had en

eye-witness of the accident, can testify to you, that gaged every body to be there; and to turn our leader though she pressed before you, she lost her ends in into ridicule, had secretly let them know, that the that design; for she was taken notice of for no other puppet Eve was made the most like Florimel that reason, but her endeavours to hide a finer woman than

On Thursday morning the puppet-herself. But, indeed, I dare not go farther in this drummer, Adam and Eve, and several others who matter, than just this bare mention ; for though it lived before the flood, passed through the streets on

was taking your place of right, rather than place of horseback, to invite us all to the pastime, and the precedence, yet it is so tender a point, and on which representation of stich things as we all knew to be the very life of female ambition depends, that it is of true: and Mr. Mayor was so wise, as to prefer these

the last consequence to meddle in it: all my hopes innocent people the puppets, who, he said, were to

are from your beautiful sex; and those bright eyes, represent Christians, before the wicked players, who which are the bane of others, are my only sun-shine. were to shew Alexander, an heathen philosopher. My writings are sacred to you; and I hope I shall To be short, this Prudentia had so laid it, that at ten

always have the good fortune to live under your proof the clock footmen were sent to take places at the tection; therefore take this public opportunity to puppet-show, and all we of Porimel's party were to be signify to all the world, that I design to forbear any out of fashion, or desert her. We chose the latter. thing that may in the least tend to the diminution of All the world crowded to Prudentia's house, because your interest, reputation, or power. You will thereit was given out nobody could get in. When we

fore forgive me, that I strive to conceal every wrong came to Noah's flood in the show, Punch and his step made by any who have the honour to wear petwife were introduced dancing in the ark. An honest ticoats, and shall at all times do what is in my power plain friend of Florimel's, but a critic withal, rose up

to make all mankind as much their slaves as myself. in the midst of the representation, and made many

If they would consider things as they ought, there very good exceptions to the drama itself, and told us,

needs not much argument to convince them, that it is that it was against all morality, as well as rules of the their fate to be obedient to you, and that your stage, that Punch should be in jest in the deluge, or

greatest rebels do only serve with a worse grace. I am, indeed that he should appear at all. This

Madam, certainly a just remark, and I thought to second him;

• Your most obedient and but he was hissed by Prudentia's party : upon which,

most humble servant, Teally, Sir Thomas, we, who were his friends, hissed

• ISAAC BICKERSTAFF.' Old Mrs. Petulant desired both her daughters to mind the moral; then whisperd Mrs.

St. James's Coffee-house, May 16. Mayoress, ' This is very proper for young people to Letters from the Hague, bearing date the twentysee!' Punch, at the end of the play, made Prudentia first instant, N. S. advise, that his grace the Duke of a compliment, and was very civil to the whole com- Marlborough, immediately after his arrival, sent his pany, making bows until his buttons touched the secretary to the president and the pensionary, to acground. All was carried triumphantly against our quaint them therewith. Soon after, these ministers party. In the mean time, Florimel went to the visited the duke, and made him compliments in the tragedy, dressed as fine as hands could make her, in name of the States-General; after which they entered hopes to see Prudentia pine away with envy. Instead into a conference with him on the present posture of of that, she sat a full hour alone, and at last was eu- affaits

, and gave his" grace assurances of the firm

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adherence of the States to the alliance : at the same all men speak well.' This is taking a man by surtime acquainting him, that all overtures of peace prise, and being welcome when you have so surprised were rejected, until they had an opportunity of acting him. The person flattered receives you into his in concert with their allies on that subject. After closet at once; and the sudden change of his heart, this interview, the pensionary and the president re- from the expectation of an ill-wisher, to find you bis tumed to the assembly of the States. Monsieur friend, makes you in his full favour in a moment. Torcy has had a conference at the pensioner's house The spirits that were raised so suddenly against you, with his grace the Duke of Marlborough, prince are as suddenly for you. There was another instance Eugene, and his excellency the Lord Townshend. The given of this kind at the table: a gentleman, who result of what was debated at that time is kept secret; had a very great favour done him, and an emplosbut there appears an air of satisfaction and good un- ment vestowed upon him, without so much as being derstanding between these ministers. We are apt personally known to his benefactor, waited upon the also to give ourselves very hopesul prospects from great man who was so generous, and was beginning Monsieur Torcy's being employed in this negotiation, to say, he was infinitely obliged. Not at all,' says who had been always remarkable for a particular way the patron, turning from him to another, . had I of thinking in his sense of the greatness of France; known a more deserving man in England he should which he has always said, 'was to be promoted rather not have had it.' by the arts of peace than those of war.' His delivering We should certainly have had more examples had himself freely on this subject has formerly appeared not a gentleman produced a book which he thought an unsuccessful way to power in that court; but in an instance of this kind: it was a pamphlet, called its present circumstances, those maxims are better The Naked Truth.' The idea any one would have received; and it is thought a certain argument of the of that work from the title was, that there would be sincerity of the French king's intentions, that this much plain dealing with people in power, and that minister is at present made use of. The Marquis is we should see things in their proper light, stripped of to return to Paris within a few days, who has sent a the ornaments which are usually given to the actions courier thither to give notice of the reasons of his of the great: but the skill of this author is such, that retum, that the court may be the sooner able to des- he has, under that rugged appearance approved him patch commissioners for a formal treaty.

self the finest gentleman and courtier that ever writ. The expectations of peace are increased by ad- The language is extremely sublime, and not at all to vices from Paris of the twelfth instant, which say, be understood by the vulgar: the sentiments are such the Dauphin has altered his resolution of commanding as would make no figure in ordinary words; but such in Flanders the ensuing campaign. The Saxon and | is the art of the expression, and the thoughts are Prussian reinforcements, together with Count Mercy's elevated to so high a degree, that I question whether the regiment of imperial horse, are encamped in the discourse will sell much. There was an ill-patured neighbourhood of Brussels ; and sufficient stores of fellow present, who hates all panegyric mortaly; corn and forage are transported to that place and • P- take him,' said he what the devil means his Ghent, for the service of the confederate army, Naked Truth, in speaking nothing but to the advan.

They write from Mons, that the elector of Bavaria tage of all whom he mentions ? This is just such a had advice, that an advanced party of the Portugueze great action as that of the champion's on a coronaarmy had been defeated by the Spaniards.

tion-day, who challenges all mankind to dispute with We hear from Languedoc, that their corn, olives, him the right of the sovereign, surrounded with his and figs, were wholly destroyed; but that they have guards. The gentleman who produced, the treatise a hopeful prospect of a plentiful vintage.

desired him to be cautious, and said it was writ bę ar

excellent soldier, which made the company observe it No. 17.) THURSDAY, MAY 19, 1709.

more narrowly; and (as critics are the greatest con

jurers at finding out a known truth) one said, he was Wills's Coffee-house, May 18. sure it was writ by the hand of his sword-arm. I could The discourse has happened to turn this evening not perceive much wit in that expression; but it upon the true panegyric, the perfection of which was raised a laugh, and, I suppose, was meant as a sheer asserted to consist in a certain artful way of con- upon valiant men. The same man pretended to see veying the applause in an indirect manner. There in the style, that it was an horse-officer; but sure was a gentleman gave us several instances of it. that is being too nice; for though you may know Among others, he quoted from Sir Francis Bacon, in officers of the cavalry by the turn of their feet, I cannot his · Advancement of Learning,' a very great com- imagine how you should discern their hands from pliment made to Tiberius, as follows: In a full de- those of other men. But it is always thus with bate upon public affairs in the Senate, one of the pedants ; they will ever be carping; if a gentleman assembly rose up, and with a very grave air said, he a man of honour puts pen to paper. I do not doubt thought it for the honour and dignity of the com- but this author will find this assertion too true, and monwealth, that Tiberius should be declared a god, that obloquy is not repulsed by the force of arms. I and have divine worship paid him. The emperor will therefore set this excellent piece in a light to was surprised at the proposal

, and demanded of him glaring for weak eyes, and, in imitation of the critic to declare, whether he had made any application to Longinus, shall, as well as I can, make my observaincline him to that overture? The Senator answered, tions in a style like the author's of whom I treat, with a bold and haughty tone, • Sir, in matters that which perhaps I am as capable of as another

, having concern the commonwealth, I will be governed by no man.' Another gentleman mentioned something of exquisite address, extensively and wisely indulged to

• an unbounded force of thinking, as well as a most the same kind, spoken by the late Duke of Bucking- me by the

supreme powers. My author, I will dare ham to the late Earl of Orrery; ‘My Lord,' says the to assert, shows the most universal knowledge of any Duke, after his libertine way, you will certainly be writer who has appeared this century: he is a poet damned.' 'How, my Lord!" says the Earl with some and merchant, which is seen in two master-words

, warmth. Nay,' said the Duke, there is no help credit blossoms," he is a grammarian and a politifor it, for it is positively said, Cursed is he of whom cian; for he says, "The uniting of the two kingdoms

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the enemy

is the emphasis of the sécurity of the Protestant suc- sution of that great man is hardly to be paralleled, cession. Some would be apt to say, he is a conjurer; who under the oppression of a maimed body, and the for he has found, that a republic is not made up of reflection of repeated ill fortune, goes on with an every body of animals, but is composed of men only, unspeakable alacrity in the service of the common and not of horses. ' Liberty and property have chosen cause. He has already put things in a very good their retreat within the emulating circle of an human posture after this ill accident, and made the commonwealth. He is a physician; for he says, '1 necessary dispositions for covering the country from observe à constant equality in its pulse, and a just any further attempt of the enemy, who still lie in the quickness of its vigorous circulation. And again, I camp they were in before the battle. view the strength of our constitution plainly appear in Letters from Brussels, dated the twenty-fifth inthe sanguine and ruddy completion of a well-con- stant, advise, that notwithstanding the negociations tented city.' He is a divine : for he says, 'I cannot of a peace seem so far advanced, that some do but bless myself.' And indeed this excellent treatise confidently report the preliminaries of a treaty to has had that good effect upon me, who am far from be actually agreed 01, yet the allies hasten their prebeing superstitious, that I also cannot but bless my- parations for opening the campaign; and the forces self.'

of the empire, the Prussians, the Danes, the WirtemSt. James's Coffee-house, May 18.

bergers, the Palatines, and Saxon auxiliaries, are in

motion towari's the general rendezvous, they being This day arrived a mail from Lisbon, with letters already arrived in the neighbourhood of Brussels. of the thirteenth instant, N.ß. containing a particular These advices add, that the deputies of the States of account of the late action in Portugal. On the seven- Holland, having made a general review of the troops teenth instant, the army of Portugal under the com- in Flanders, set out for Antwerp on the 21st instant mand of the Marquis de Frontera, lay on the side of from that place. the Caya, and the army of the Duke of Anjou, commanded by the Marquis de Bay, on the other. The latter commander having an ambition to ravage the No. 18.] SATURDAY, MAY 21, 1709. country, in a manner, in sight of the Portuguese, made a motion with the whole body of his horse

From my own Apartment, May 20. toward fort St. Christopher, near the town of Badajos. It is observed too often that men of wit do so The generals of the Portugueže, disdaining that such much employ their thoughts upon fine speculations, an insult should be offered to their arms, took a reso- that things useful to mankind are wholly neglected; lution to pass the river, and oppose the designs of and they are busy in making emendations upon some

Thc Earl of Galway represented to enclytics in a Greek author, while obvious things, them, that the present posture of affairs was such on that every man may have use for are wholly overthe side of the allies, that there needed no more to looked. It would be a happy thing, if such as have be done at present in that country, but to carry on a real capacities for public service were employed in defensive part. But his argunvent could not avail in works of general use; but because a thing is every the council of war. Upon which a great detachment body's business it is nobody's business : this is for of foot, and the whole of the horse of the King of Por- want of public spirit. As for my part, who am tugal's army passed the river, and with some pieces only a student, and a man of no great interest, I can of cannon did good execution on the enemy. Upon only remark things, and recommend the correction of observing this, the Marquis de Bay advanced with them to higher powers. There is an offence I have a his horse, and attacked the right wing of the Portu- thousand times lamented, but fear I shall never see guèze cavalry, who faced about, and fed, without remedied; which is, that in a nation where learning standing the first encounter. But their foot repulsed is so frequent as in Great Britain, there should be so the same body of horse, in three successive charges, many gross errors as there are in the very direction with great order and resolution. While this was of things wherein accuracy is necessary for the conduct transacting, the British General commanded the bri- of life. This is notoriously observed by all men of gade of Pearce, to keep the enemy in diversion ły a letters when they first come to town (at which time new attack. This was so well executed, that the they are usually curious that way) in the inscriptions Portugueze infantry had time to retire in good order, on sign-posts. I have cause to know this matter as and repass the river. But that brigade, which rescued well as any body; for I have, when I went to them, tvas itself surrounded by the enemy, and Ma- Merchant Taylor's school, suffered stripes for spelling jor-General Sarkey, Brigadier Pearce, together with after the signs I observed in my way; though at the both their regiments, and that of the Lord Galway, same time, I must confess, staring at those inscriptions lately raised, were taken prisoners.

first gave me an idea and curiosity for medals, in During the engagement, the Earl of Barrimore, which I have since arrived at some knowledge. having advanced too far to give some necessary order, Many a man has lost his way and his dinner by this was hermed in by a squadron of the enemy; but general want of skill in orthography; for, considering found means to gallop up to the brigade of Pearce, that the painters are usually so very bad, that you with which he remains also a prisoner. My Lord cannot know the animal under whose sign you are to Galway had his horse shot under him in this action ; ) live that day, how must the stranger be misled if it and the Conde de Saint Juan, a Portugueze General, be wrong spelled, as well as ill-painted! I have a was taken prisoner. The same night the army en- cousin now in town, who has answered under bachelor camped at' Aronches, and on the ninth moved to at Queen's College, whose name is Humphrey MopElvas, where they lay when these despatches came staff (he is a-kin to us by his mother :) this young away. Colonel Stanwit's regiment is also taken. man, going to see a relation in Barbican, wandered a The whole of this affair has given the Portuguese a whole day by the mistake of one letter, for it was great idea of the capacity and courage of my Lord written, 'this is the Beer,' instead of this is the Galway, against whose ađvice they entered upon this Bear.' He was set right at last, by inquiring for the unfortunate affair, and by whose conduct they were

house of a fellow who could not read, and knew the rescued from it. The prodigious constancy and teso- | place mechanically, only by having been often drunk THE TAILER, No. 5.

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