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ordinary persons at once, or find out posts suitable to No. 130.) TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 1709-10. their ambition and abilities. For this reason, they
were all as miserable in their deaths, as they were
famous in their lives, and occasioned not only the Cum magnis vixisse invita fatebitur usque Invidia
ruin of each other, bnt also that of the commonHor. 2, Sat. i. 75.
wealth. Spite of herself ev'n Envy must confess, It is, therefore, a particular happiness to a people, That I the friendship of the great possess.
when the men of superior genius and character are Francis. so justly disposed in the high places of honour, that
each of them moves in a sphere which is proper to Sheer-lane, February 6.
him, and requires those particular qualities in which I FIND some of the most polite Latin authors, who he excels. wrote at a time when Rome was in its glory, speak If I see a general commanding the forces of his with a certain noble vanity of the brightness and country, whose victories are not to be paralleled in splendour of the age in which they lived. Pliny story, and who is as famous for his negotiations as often compliments his emperor Trajan upon this his victories; and, at the same time, sce the manage. head; and when he would animate him to any thing ment of a nation's treasury in the hands of one, who great, or dissuade him from any thing that was im- has always distinguished himself by a generous conimproper
, he insinuates that it is befitting and unbe. tempt of his own private wealth, and an exact incoming the claritas et nitor seculi, that period of time gality of that which belongs to the public; I cannot which was made illustrious by his reign. When we but think a people under such an administratwn cast our eyes back on the history of mankind, and may promise themselves conquests abroad, and plenty trace them through their several successions to their at home. If I were to wish for a proper person to first original, we sometimes see them breaking out in preside over the public councils, it should certainly great and memorable actions, and towering up to the be one as much admired for his universal knowledge utmost heights of virtue and knowledge; when, per- of men and things, as for bis eloquence, courage, haps, if we carry our observations to a little distance, and integrity, in the exerting of such extraordinary we see them sunk into sloth and ignorance, and al- talents. together lost in darkness and obscurity. Sometimes Who is not pleased to see a person in the highest the whole species is asleep for two or three genera- station in the law, who was the most eminent in his tions, and then again awakens into action; flourishes profession, and the most accomplished orator at the in heroes, philosophers, and poets; who do honour bar? Or at the head of the fleet a commander, ander to human nature, and leave such tracks of glory be- whose conduct the common enemy received such a hind them, as distinguish the years, in which they blow, as he has never been able to recover? acted their part, from the ordinary course of time. Were we to form to ourselves the idea of one
Methinks a man cannot, without a secret satisfac- whom we should think proper to govern a distast tion, consider the glory of the present age, which kingdom, consisting chiefly of those who differ fro will shine as bright as any other in the history of us in religion, and are influenced by foreign polities; mankind. It is still big with great events, and has would it not be such a one as had signalized himself already produced changes and revolutions, which by a uniform and unshaken zeal for the Protestant will be as much admired by postersty, as any that interest, and by his dexterity in defeating the skil have happened in the days of our fathers, or in the and artifice of its enemies ?' In short, if we find a old times before them.' 'We have seen kingdoms great man popular for his honesty and humanity, as divided and united, monarchs erected and deposed, well as famed for his learning and great skill in all nations transferred from one sovereign to another; the languages of Europe ; or a person eminept for conquerors raised to such a greatness, as has given a those qualifications which make men shine in public terror to Europe, and thrown down by such a fall as assemblies, or for that steadiness, constancy, and has moved their pity.
good sense, which carry a inan to the desired point But it is still a more pleasing view to an English through all the opposition of tumult and prejudice, man, to see his own country give the chief influence we have the happiness to behold them in all posts to so illustrious an age, and stand in the strongest suitable to their characters. point of light amidst the diffused glory that sur. Such a constellation of great persons, if I may so rounds it.
speak, while they shine out in their own distinci caIf we begin with learned men, we may observe, to pacities, reflect á lustre upon each other, but in a the honour of our country, that those who make the more particular manner on their sovereigu, who has greatest figure in most arts and sciences, are univer- placed them in those proper situations, by which sally allowed to be of the British nation; and, what their virtues become so beneficial to all her subjects. is more remarkable, that men of the greatest learn- It is the anniversary of the birth-day of this glorious ing, are among the men of the greatest quality. Queen, which naturally led me into this field of con
A nation may indeed abound with persons of such templation, and, instead of joining in the public exuncommon parts and worth, as may make them ultations that are made on such occasions, to enterrather a niisfortune than a blessing to the public. tain my thoughts with the more serious pleasure of Those, who singly might have been of infinite ad- ruininating upon the glories of her reign. vantage to the age they live in, may, by rising up While I beheld her surrounded with triumphs, and together in the same crisis of time, and by interfer- adorned with all the prosperity and success which ing in their pursuits of honour, rather interupt, than heaven erer shed on a mortal, and still considering promote the service of their country, of this we herself as such ; though the person appears to me have a famous instance in the republic of Rome, exceeding great, that has these just honours paid to when Cæsar, Pompey, Cato, Cicero, aud Brutus, en her, yet I must confess, she appears much greater deavoured to recommend themselves at the same in that she receives them with such a glorious humitime to the admiration of their contemporaries. lity, and shows she has no further regard for them, Mankind was not able to provide for so many extra-than as they arise from these great events, whicha
have made her subjects happy. For my own part, I gentlemen, as he said, had so vitiated the nation's must confess, when I see private virtues in so high a palate, that no man could believe his to be French, degree of perfection, I am not astonished at any ex- because it did not taste like what they sold for such. traordinary success that attends them, but look upon As a man never pleads better than where his own public triumphs as the natural consequences of reli- personal interest is concerned, he exhibited to the gious retirements.
court, with great eloquence, that this new corpora
tion of druggists had inflamed the bills of mortality, Finding some persons have mistaken Pasquin,
and puzzled the college of physicians with diseases, who was mentioned in my last, for one who has been for which they neither knew a name or cure. He pilloricd at Rome, I must here advertise them, that accused some of giving all their customers colies and it is only a maimed statue so called, on which the megrims; and mentioned one who had boasted, he private scandal of that city is generally pasted. Mar- had a tun of claret by him, that in a fortnight's time forio is a person of the same quality, who is usually
should give the gout to a dozen of the healthfulest made to answer whatever is published by the other; men in the city, provided that their constitutions the wits of that place, like too many of our own
were prepared for it by wealth and idleness. He then couutry, taking pleasure in setting innocent people enlarged, with a great show of reason, upon the pretogether by the ears. The mentioning of this person, done to the brains of the English nation; as is too
judice which these mixtures and compositions had who is a great wit, and a great cripple, put me in mind of Mr. Estcourt
, who is under the same cir- visible, said he, from many late pamphlets, speeches, cumstances. He was formerly my apothecary, and and sermons, as well as from the ordinary conversa? being at present disabled by the gout and stone, Itions of the youth of this age. He then quoted an must recommend him to the public on Thursday ingenious person, who would undertake to know by next; that admirable play of Ben Jonson's, called a man's writing the wine he most delighted in; and, The Silent Woman, being appointed to be acted for had discovered to be the author of a lampoon, by a
on that occasion, named a certain satirist, whom he his benefit. It would be indecent for me to appear manifest taste of the sloe, which showed itself in it, twice in a scason at these ludicrous diversions ; but as I always give my man and my maid one day in by much roughness, and little spirit
. the year, I shall allow them this, and am promised mults and fermentations which these mixtures raise
In the last place, he ascribed to the unnatural tuby Mr. Estcourt, my ingenious apothecary, that they in our blood, the divisions, heats, and animosities, shall have a place kept for them in the first row of that reign among us; and, in particular, asserted the middle gallery.
most of the modern enthusiasms and agitations to be nothing else but the effects of adulterated port.
The counsel for the brewers had a face so exNo. 131.] THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 1709-10. that I did not wonder to see him an advocate for
tremely in flamed, and illuminated with carbuncles, Scelus est jugulare Falernum,
these sophistications. His rhetoric was likewise Et dare Campano toxica sæva mero. Mart, i. 19.
such as I should have expected from the common
draught, which I found be often drank to a great How great the crime, how flagrant the abuse !
Indeed, I was so surprised at his figure and T adulterate generous wine, with noxious juice. parts, that I ordered him to give me a taste of his
R. Wynne. usual liquor, which I had no sooner drank, but I Sheer-lane, February 8.
found a pimple rising in my forehead; and felt such There is in this city a certain fraternity of che- a sensible decay in my understanding, that I would mical operators, who work under ground in holes, not proceed in the trial until the fume of it was encaverns, and dark retirements, to conceal their tirely dissipated. mysteries from the eyes and observation of mankind, fence of his clients, but that they were under a neces
This notable advocate had little to say in the deThese subterraneous prilosophers are daily employed
a in the transmutation of liquors
, and, by the power of sity of making claret, if they would keep open their magical drugs and incantations, raising under the doors; it being the nature of mankind to love every streets of London the choicest products of the hills thing that is prohibited. He further pretended to and valleys of France. They can squeeze Bourdeaux reason, that it might be as profitable to the nation out of the sloc, and draw Champagne from an apple. with the great advantage that this practice bad
to make French wine as French hats; and concluded Virgil, in that remarkable prophecy,
already brought to part of the kingdom. Upon Incultisque rubens pendebit sentibus uva.
which he informed the court, that the lands in HereTiry. Ecl
. iv. 29. fordshire were raised two years purchase since the The ripening grape shall hang on every thorn, beginning of the war. seems to have hinted at this art, which can turn a When I had sent out my summons to these people, plantation of northern hedges into a vineyard. I gave, at the same time, orders to each of them to These adepts are known among one another by the bring the several ingredients he made use of in disname of wine-brewers; and, I am afraid, do great tinct phials, which they had done accordingly, and injury, not only to her Majesty's customs, but to the ranged them into two rows on each side of the court. bodies of many of her good subjects.
The workmen were drawn up in ranks behind them. Having received sundry complaints against these The merchant informed me, that in one row of iavisible workmen, I ordered the proper officer of my phials were the several colours they dealt in, and in court to ferret them out of their respective caves, the other, the tastes.' He then showed me, on the and bring them before me, which was yesterday exe- right hand, one who went by the name of Tom Tincuted aceordingly.
toret, who, as he told me,was the greatest master The person who appeared against them was a in his colouring of any vintner in London.'. To merchant, who had hy bim a great magazine of give me a proof of his art, he took a glass of fair wines, that he had laid in before the war; but these water; and, by the insusion of three drops out of
one of his phials, converted it into a most beautiful whole practice, I dismissed them for that time; with heightened it into a perfect Languedoc : from thence of my friends and acquaintance, and take to some pale, Burgundy. Two more of the same kind a particular request that they would not poison any it passed into a florid Hermitage, and after having honest livelihood without loss of time gone through two or three other changes, by the ad- For my own part, I have resolved hereafter to be dition of a single drop, ended in a very deep Pontac. very careful in my liquors; and have agreed with a This ingenious virtuoso, seeing me very much sur- friend of mine in the army, upon their next march, prised at his art, told me, that he had not an oppor- to secure me two hogsheads of the best stomach-wine tunity of showing it in perfection, having only made in the cellars of Versailles, for the good of my lucuuse of water for the ground-work of his colouring : brations, and the comfort of my old age. but that, if I were to see an operation upon liquors of stronger bodies, the art would appear to a much greater advantage. He added, that he doubted not but it would please my curiosity to see the cider of No. 132.] SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 1709-10. one apple take only a vermillion, when another, Habeo senectuti magnam gratiam, quæ mihi serwith a less quantity of the same infusion, would rise monis aviditatem auxit, potionis et cibi sustulit. into a dark purple, according to the different texture
Tull. de Sen. of parts in the liquor. He informed me also, that he could hit the different shades and degrees of red, creased my eagerness for conversation, in proportion
I am much beholden to old age, which has inas they appear in the pink and the rose, the clove as it has lessened my appetite of hunger and thirst. and the carnation, as he had Rhenish or Moselle, Perry or White Port, to work in.
Sheer-lane, February 10. I was so satisfied with the ingenuity of this vir- After having applied my mind with more than tuoso, that, after having advised him to quit so dis. ordinary attention to my studies, it is my usual cushonest a profession, I promised him, in consideration tom to relax and unbend it in the conversation of of his great genius, to recommend him as a partner such as are rather easy than shining companions. to a friend of mine, who has heaped up great riches, This I find particularly necessary for me before I reand is a scarlet-dyer.
tire to rest, in order to draw my slumbers upon me The artists on my other hand were ordered, in the by degrees, and fall asleep insensibly. This is the second place, to make some experiments of their particular use I make of a set of heavy honest men, skill before me: upon which the famous Harry Sip- with whom I have passed many hours with much in. pet stepped out, and asked me, • what I would be dolence, though not with great pleasure. Their pleased to drink?" At the same time he filled out conversation is a kind of preparative for sleep: it three or four white liquors in a glass, and told me, takes the mind down from its abstractious, leads that it should be what I pleased to call for;' add it into the familiar traces of thought, and lulls it into ing very learnedly, that the liquor before him was that state of tranquillity, which is the condition of a as the naked substance, or first matter of his com- thinking man, when he is but half awake. After pound, to which he and his friend, who stood over this, my reader will not be surprised to hear the ac. against him, could give what accidents or form they count which I am about to give of a club of my own pleased.' Finding him so great a philosopher, I de- contemporaries, among wbom I pass two or three sired he would convey into it the qualities and es- hours every evening. This I look upon as taking my sence of right Bourdeaux. Coming, coming, sir,' first nap before I go to bed. The truth of it is, I said he with the air of a drawer; and after having should think myself unjust to posterity, as well as to cast his eye on the several tastes and flavours that the society at the Trumpel, of which I am a member, stood before him, he took up a little cruet that was did not l'in some part of my writings give an acfilled with a kind of inky juice, and pouring some of count of the persons among whom I have passert it out into the glass of white wine, presented it to me, almost a sixth part of my time for these last forty and told me, this was the wine over which most of the years. Our club consisted originally of fifteen; business of the last term had been despatched.' I must but, partly by the severity of the law in arbitrary confess, I looked upon that sooty drug, which he held up times, and partly by the natural effects of old age, in his cruet, as the quintessence of English Bour- we are at present 'reduced to a third part of that deaux; and therefore desired him to give me a glass number; in which, however, we have this consolaof it by itself, which he did with great unwillingness. tion, that the best company is said to consist of fire My cat at that time sat by me upon the elbow of my persons. I must confess, besides the afore-medchair; and as I did not care for making the experi- tioned benefit which I meet with iu the conversation ment upon myself, I reached it to her to sip of it, of this select society, I am not the less pleased with which had like to have cost her her lise; for, not the company, in that I find myself the greatest wit withstanding it flung her at first into freakish tricks, among them, and am heard as their oracle in all quite contrary to her usual gravity, in less than a points of learning and difficulty: quarter of an hour she fell into convulsions; and, Sir Jeoffery Notch, who is the oldest of the club, had it not been a creature more tenacious of life has been in possession of the right-hand chair, time than any other, would certainly have died under the out of mind, and is the only man among us that has operation.
the liberty of stirring the fire. This, our foreman, is I was so incensed by the tortures of my innocent a gentleman of an ancient family, that came to a domestic, and the unworthy dealings of these men, great estate some years before he had discretiou, and that I told them, if each of them had as many lives run it out in hounds, horses, and cock-fighting; for as the injured creature before them, they deserved to which reason be looks upon himself as an honest
, forfeit them for the pernicious arts which they used worthy gentleman, who has had misfortunes in the for their profit. I therefore bid them look upon world, and calls every thriving man a pitiful upstart
, themselves as no better than as a kind of assassins Major Matchlock is the next senior, who served in and murderers within the law. However, since they the last civil wars, and has all the battles by heart had dealt so clearly with me, and laid before me their He does not think any action in Europe worth talki.
ing of since the fight of Marston-Moor; and every about ten of the clock, when my maid came with & night tells us of his having been knocked off his lantern to light me home. I could not but reflect horse at the rising of the London apprentices; for with myself, as I was going out, upon the talkative which he is in great esteem among us.
humour of old men, and the little figure which Honest old Dick Reptile is the third of our society. that part of life makes in one who cannot employ He is a good-natured indolent man, who speaks his natural propensity in discourses which would little himself, but laughs at our jokes; and brings inake him venerable. I must own, it makes me his young nephew along with him, a youth of very melancholy in company, when I hear a eighteen years old, to show him good company, and young man begin a story; and have often observed, give him a taste of the world. This young fellow sits that one of a quarter of an hour long in a man of generally silent; but whenever he opens his mouth, five-and-twenty, gathers circumstances every time or laughs at any thing that passes, he is constantly he tells it, until it grows into a long Canterbury told by his uncle, after a jocular manner, ' Ay, ay, tale of two hours by that time he is three-score. Jack, you young men think us fools; but we old
The only way of avoiding such a trifling and men know you are.':
frivolous old age is, to lay up in our way to it such The greatest wit of our company, next to myself, stores of knowledge and observation, as may make is a bencher of the neighbouring inn, who in his us useful and agreeable in our declining years. youth frequented the ordinaries about Charing-cross, The mind of man in a long life will become a maand pretends to have been intimate with Jack Ozle. gazine of wisdom or folly, and will consequently He has about ten distichs of Hudibras without book, discharge itself in something impertinent or and never leaves the club until he has applied them improving. For which reason, as there is nothing all. If any modern wit be mentioned, or any town more ridiculous than an old trifling story-teller, so frolic spoken of, he shakes his head at the dulness of there is nothing more venerable, than one who has the present age, and tells us a story of Jack Ogle. turned his experience to the entertainment and ad
For my own part, I am estecmed among them, vantage of mankind. because they see I am something respected by In short, we, who are in the last stage of life, and others; though at the same time I understand by are apt to indulge ourselves in talk, ought to contheir behaviour, that I am considered by them as a sider, if what we speak be worth being heard, and man of a great deal of learning, but no knowledge endeavour to make our discourse like that of Nestor, of the world; insomuch, that the major sometimes, which Homer compares to the flowing of honey for in the height of his military pride calls me the Phi- its sweetness. losopber: and Sir Jeoffery, no longer ago than last I am afraid I shall be thought guilty of this exnight, upon a dispute what day of the month it was cess I am speaking of, when I cannot conclude then in Holland, pulled his pipe out of mouth, without observing, that Milton certainly thought of and cried, "What does the scholar say to it? this passage in Homer, when in his description of
Our club meets precisely at six o'clock in the an eloquent spirit he says, erening, but I did not come last night until half an hour after seven, by which means I escaped the
* His tongue dropped manna.' battle of Naseby, which the major usually begins at about tbree quarters after six : I found also that my good friend the bencher had already spent three of his distichs; and only waited an opportunity to No. 133.] TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1709, hear a sermon spoken of, that he might introduce the couplet where a stick’ rhymes to .ecclesiastic.' At my entrance into the room, they were naming a
Dum tacent, clamant, red petticoat and a cloak, by which I found that
Their silence pleads aloud, the bencher had been diverting them with a story of
Tull Jack Ogle.
Sheer-lane, February 13, I had no sooner taken my seat, but Sir Jeoffery, to show his good-will towards me, gave me a pipe SILENCE is sometimes more significant and sub of his own tobacco, and stirred up the fire. I loik lime, than the most noble and expressive eloquence, upon it as a point of morality, to be obliged by tho ;2 and is on many occasions the indication of a great who endeavour to oblige me; and therefore, in ru- mind. Several authors have treated of silence, as quital for his kindness, and to set the couversation a part of duty and discretion ; but none of them a-going, I took the best occasion I could to put him bave considered it in this light. Homer compares upon telling us the story of old Gantlett, which he the noise and clamour of the Trojans advancing always does with very particular concern. He towards the enemy, to the cackling of cranes, when traced up his descent on both sides for several gene- they invade an army of pigmies. On the contrary, rations, describing his diet and manner of life, with he makes his countrymen and favourites, the Greeks, his several battles, and particularly that in which he move forward in a regular and determined march, fell. This Gantlett was a game cock, upon whose and in the depth of silence. I find in the accounts head the knight, in his youth, had won five hundred which are given us of some of the more eastern pounds, and lost two thousand. This naturally set nations, where the inhabitants are disposed by their the major upon the account of Edge-hill fight, and constitutions and climates to higher strains of ended in a duel of Jack Ogle’s.
thought, and more elevated raptures than what we Old Reptile was extremely attentive to all that feel in the northern regions of the world, that silence was said, though it was the same he had heard is a religious exercise among them. For when their every night for these twenty years, and, upon all public devotions are in the greatest fervour, and occasions, winked upon his nephew to mind what their hearts lifted up as high as words can raise them, passed.
there are certain suspensions of sound and motion This may suffice to give the world a taste of our for a time, in which the mind left to itself, and innocent conversation which we spun out until supposed to swell with such secret conceptions as
are too big for utterance. I have myself been its majesty, and one, whose silence, as well as his wonderfully delighted with a master-piece of music, person, was altogether divine. When one considers when in the very tumult and ferment of their har- this subject only in its sublimity, this great instance mony, all the voices and instruments have stopped could not but occur to me; and since I only make short on a sudden; and, after a little pause, re- use of it to shew the highest example of it, I hope covered themselves again, as it were, and renewed I do not offend in it. To forbear replying to an the concert in all its parts. This short interval of unjust reproach, and overlook it with a generous, or, silence has had more music in it, than any the if possible, with an entire neglect of it, is one of same space of time before or after it. There are the most heroic acts of a great mind: and, I must two instances of silence in the two greatest poets confess, when I reflect upon the behas iour of some that ever wrote, which have something in them as of the greatest men in antiquity, I do not so much sublime as any of the speeches in their whole works. admire them, that they deserved the praise of the The first is that of Ajax, in the eleventh book of the whole age they lived in, as becanse they contemned Odyssey. Ulysses, who had been the rival of this the envy and detraction of it. great man in his life, as well as the occasion of his All that is incumbent on a man of worth, who death, upon meeting his shade in the region of de- suffers under so ill a treatment, is to lie by for some parted heroes, makes his submission to himn with a time in silence and obscurity, until the prejudiee qi humility next to adoration, which the other passes the times be over, and his reputation cleared. I over with dumb, sullen majesty, and such a sullen have often read, with a great deal of pleasure, a silence, as, to use the words of Longinus, had more legacy of the famous lord Bacon, one of the greatest greatness in it than any thing he could have spoken. geniuses that our own or any country has produced The next instance I shall mention is in Virgil
, After having bequeathed his soul, body, and estate, where the poet doubtless imitates this silence of Ajax in the usual form, he adds, My name and memory in that of Dido; though I do not know that any of I leave to foreign nations, and to my countrymen his commentators have taken notice of it. Æneas, after some time be passed over.' finding among the shades of despairing lovers the At the same time, that I recommend this pbilostghost of her who had lately died for him, with the phy to others, I must confess, I am so poor a protwound still fresh upon her, addresses himself to cient in it myself, that if in the course of a her with expanded arms, floods of tears, and the lucubrations it happens, as it has done more than most passionate professions of his own innocence, as once, that my paper is duller than in conscience it to what had happened; all which Dido receives with ought to be, I think the time an age until I have an the dignity and disdain of a resenting lover, and an opportunity of putting out another, and growing injured queen; and is so far from vouchsating him famous again for two days. an answer, that she does not give him a single look. I must not close my discourse upon silence The poet represents her as turning away her face without informing my reader, that I have by me an from him while he spoke to her; and, after having elaborate treatise on the aposiopesis called an et kept her eyes some time upon the ground, as one that cætera ; it being a figure much used by some learned heard and contemned his protestations, flying from authors, and particularly by the great Littletoa, who him into the grove of myrtle, and into the arms of as my lord chief justice Coke observes, had a must another, whose fidelity had deserved her love.
admirable talent at an 8c. I have often thought our writers of tragedy have
ADVERTISEMENT. been very defective in this particular, and that they might have given great beauty to their works, by To oblige the pretty fellows, and my fair readers, certain stops and pauses in the representations of I have thought fit to insert the whole passage abovesuch passions as it is not in the power of language to mentioned relating to Dido, as it is translated by express. There is something like this in the last Mr. Dryden. act of Venice Preserved,' where Pierre is brought Not far from thence, the mournful fields appear; to an infamous execution, and begs of his friend, So call’d from lovers that inhabit there. as a reparation for past injuries, and the only favour The souls whom that unhappy flame invades, he could do him, to rescue him from the ignominy In secret solitude, and myrtle shades, of the wheel by stabbing him. As he is going to Make endless moans; and, pining with desire, make this dreadful request, he is not able to com- Lament too late their unextinguish'd fire. municate it; but withdraws his face from his friend's Here Procris, Eriphyle here, he found ear, and bursts into tears. The melancholy silence Baring her breast, yet bleeding with the wound that follows hereupon, and continues until he has Made by her son. He saw Pasiphae there, recovered himself enough to reveal his mind to his with Phædra's ghost, a foul incestuous pair: friend, raises in the spectators a grief that is inex- There Laodamia with Evadne moves : pressible, and an idea of such a complicated distress Unhappy both ; but loyal in their loves. in the actor, as words cannot utter. It would look Coeneus, a woman once, and once a man ; as ridiculous to many readers, to give rules and di- But ending in the sex she first began. rections for proper silences, as for "penning a whis- Not far from these Phenician Dido stood; per;' but it is certain, that in the extremity of most Fresh from her wound, her bosom bath'd in blood : passions, particularly surprise, admiration, astonish- Whom, when the Trojan hero hardly knew, ment, nay, rage itself
, there is nothing more grace-Obscure in shades, and with a doubtful view, ful than to see the play stand still for a few moments, (Doubtful as he who runs thro' dusky night, and the audience fixed in an agreeable suspense, Or thinks he sees the moon's uncertain light,) during the silence of a skilful actor.
With tears he first approach'd the sullen shade, But silence never shows itself to so great an ad- And, as bis love inspir'd him, thus he said : vantage, as when it is made the reply to calumny Unhappy queen! then is the common breath and defamation, provided that we give no just occa- Of rumour true, in your reported death? sion for them. We might produce an example of it. And I, alas, the cause! by heav'n I vow, in the behaviour of one, in whom it appeared in all. And all the powers that rule the realms below,