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cerely troubled me that I will break from this satiri

* TO MY HONOURED KINSMAN, ISAAC BICKERSTAFF, cal vein; and, to show I very little value myself upon it, shall, for this month ensuing, leave the sharper, the fop, the pedant, the proud man, the insolent; in


Oxford, Sept. 18. a word, all the train of knaves and fools, to their own 'I am sorry, though not surprised, to find that devices, and touch on nothing but panegyric. This you have rallied the men of dress in rain; that the way is suitable to the true genius of the Staffs, who amber-headed cane still maintains its unstable post; are much more inclined to reward than punish. If, that pockets are but few inches shortened; and a therefore, the author of the above-mentioned letter beau is still a beau, from the crown of his night-cap, does not command my silence wholly, as he shall, if

to the heels of his shoes. For your comfort, I can I do not give him satisfaction, I shall, for the above- assure you, that your endeavours succeed better in mentioned space, turn my thoughts to raising merit this famous seat of learning. By them the manners from its obscurity, celebrating virtue in its distress, of our young gentlemen are in a fair way of ameudand attacking vice by no other method, but setting ment, and their very language is mightily refined. innocence in a proper light.

To them it is owing, that not a serritor will sing a Will's Coffee-house, September 20.

catch, nor a senior-fellow make a pun, nor a deter

mining bachelor drink a bumper; and I believe a I find here for me the following letter :

gentleman-commoner would as soon hare the heels * ESQUIRE BICKERSTAFF.

of his shoes red, as his stockings. When a witling . Finding your advice and censuré to have a good stands at a coffee-house door, and sneers at those effect, I desire your admonition to our vicar and who pass by, to the great improvement of his hopeful schoolmaster, who, in his preaching to his auditors, aud he is no longer surnamed 'a slicer,' but stretches his jaws so wide, that, instead of instruct- "a man of fire' is the word. A beauty, whose ing youth, it rather frightens them : likewise, in health is drunk from Heddington to Hinksey ; who reading prayers, he has such a careless loll, that has been the theme of the muses, her cheeks painted people are justly offended at his irreverent posture; with roses, and her bosom planted with orange besides the extraordinary charge they are put to in boughs : has no more the title of ‘lady, but reigns sending their children to dance, to bring them off of an undisputed 'toast.' When to the plain garb of those ill gestures. Another evil faculty he has, in gown and band a spark adds an inconsistent long making the bowling-green his daily residence, insteadwig, we do not say now 'he boshes, but there of his church, where his curate reads prayers every

goes a smart fellow. If a virgin blushes, we do day.. If the weather is fair, his time is spent in longer cry, 'she blushes.' He that drinks until he visiting; if cold or wet, in bed, or at least at home, stares is no more 'tow-row,' but honest.' 'A though within a hundred yards of the church. These, youngster in a scrape,' is a word out of date; and out of many such irregular practices, I write for his what bright man says, I was joabed by the dean! reclamation : but, two or three things more before I Bambouzling' is exploded ; 'a shat' is 'a tatler ;' conclude; to wit, that generally when his curate and if the muscular motion of a man's face be violent, preaches in the afternoon, he sleeps sotting in the no mortal says, he raises a horse,' but he is a desk on a hassock. With all this he is so ex

merry fellow.' tremely proud that he will go but once to the sick, 'I congratulate you, my dear kinsman, upon these except they return his visit.

conquests; such as Roman emperors lamented they I was going on in reading my letter, when I was could not gain ; and in which you rival your corresinterrupted by Mr. Greenhat, who has been this pondent Louis le Grand, and his dictating academy. evening at the play of Hamlet. “Mr. Bickerstaff,' * Be yours the glory to perform, mine to record, as said he, had you been to-night at the play-house, Mr. Dryden has said before me to his kinsman; and

. you had seen the force of action in perfection : your while you enter triumphant into the temple of the admired Mr. Betterton behaved himself so well, ihat, muses, I, as my office requires, will, with my staf oa though now about seventy, he acted youth ; and, by my shoulder, attend and conduct you. the prevalent power of proper manner, gesture, and

*I am, dear cousin, voice, appeared through the whole drama a young

*Your most affectionate kiosman, man of great expectation, vivacity, and enterprise. The soliloquy, where he began the celebrated sentence

BENJAMIN BEADLE STAFF.' of “ To be, or not to be!" the expostulation, where

Upon the humble application of certain persons he explains with his mother in her closet, the noble who have made heroic figures in Mr. Bickerstaff*s ardour, after seeing his father's ghost; and his narrations, notice is hereby given, that no such sbal generous distress for the death of Ophelia, are each ever be mentioued for the future, except those who of them circumstances which dwell strongly upon the have sent menaces, and not submitted to admonition, minds of the audience, and would certainly affect their behaviour on any parallel occasions in their own lives. Pray, Mr. Bickerstaff, let us have virtue thus represented on the stage with its proper ornaments,

No. 72.] SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1709. or let these ornaments be added to her in places Quicquid agunt hominesmore sacred. As for my part,' said he, 'I carried

nostri est sarrago libelli. Jur. Sat. i. 85, 86. my cousin Jerry, this little boy, with me; and shall

Whate'er men do, or say, or think, or dream, always love the child for his partiality in all that

P. concerned the fortune of Hamlet. This is entering

Our motley paper seizes for its theme. youth into the affections and passions of manhood

White's Chocolate-house, September 23. beforehand, and, as it were, antedating the effects we I have taken upon me no very easy task in tuming hope from a long and liberal education.'

all my thoughts on panegyric, when most of the I cannot, in the midst of many other things which advices I receive tend to the quite contrary purpose; press, hide the comfort that this letter from my in- and I have few notices but such as regard follies and genious kiosman gives me.

vices. But the properest way for me to treat is, to

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keep in general upon the passions and affections of came into her presence, he found her with the tyrant's men, with as little regard to the particulars as the letter in one hand, and a dayger in the other. Upon nature of the thing will admit. However, I think his approach to her, she gave him the order : and at there is something so passionate in the circumstances the same time stabbing hersell, Pætus,' says she, of the lovers mentioned in the following letter, that I it is not painful; and expired. Pætus immediately am willing to go out of my way to obey what is com- followed lier example. The passion of these memomanded in it.'

rable lovers was such, that it illuded the rigour of

their fortune, and baffled the force of a blow, which 'SIR,

* London, Sept. 17.

neither selt, because each received it for the sake of • Your design of entertaining the town with the the other. The woman's part in this story is by much characters of the ancient heroes, as persons shall send the more heroic, and has occasioned one of the best an account to Mr. Morphew's, encourages me and epigrams transmitted to us from antiquity. others to beg of you, that, in the mean time, if it is not contrary to the method you have proposed, you

From my own Apartment, September 23. would give us one paper upon the subject of ihe death of Pætus and his wife, when Nero sent him an

The boy says, one in a black hat left the following order to kill himself: his wife, setting him the ex

le ter : ample, died with these words : “ Pætus, it is not


19th of the seventh month. painful.” You must know the story; and your observations upon it will oblige,


• Deing of that part of Christians whom men call * Your most humble servant.'

Quakers, and being a seeker of the right way, I was

persuaded yesterday to hear one of your most noted When the worst man that ever lived in the world teachers; the matter he treated was the necessity of had the highest station in it, human life was the well living grounded upon a future state. object of his diversion ; and he sent orders frequently, attentive; but the man did not appear in earnest. out of mere wantonness, to take off such and such, He read his discourse, notwithstanding thy rebukes, without so much as being angry with them. Nay, so heavily, and with so little air of being convinced frequently, his tyranny was so humorous, that he himself, that I thought he would have slept, as I put men to death because he could not but approve observed many of his hearers did. I came home of them. It came one day to his ear, that a certain unedified, and troubled in mind. I dipt into the married couple, Pætus and Arria, lived in a more Lamentations, and from thence turning to the thirtyhappy tranquillity and niutual love than any other fourth chapter of Ezekiel, I found these words : persons who were then in being. He listened with “ Woe be to the shepherds of Israel, that do feed great attention to the account of their manner of themselves! should not the shepherds feed the flock? spending their time together, of the constant pleasure Ye eat the fat, and ye clothe you with the wool: ye they were to each other in all their words and actions ; kill them that are fed ; but ye feed not the flock. The and found, by exact information, that they were so diseased have ye not strengthened; neither have ye treasonable as to be much more happy than his im- healed that which was sick; neither have ye bound perial majesty himself. Upon which he writ Pætus up that which was broken; neither have ye brought the following billet :

again that which was driven away ; neither have ye

sought that which was lost: but with force and with • Pætus, you are hereby desired to dispatch your cruelty have ye ruled them,” &c. Now, I pray thee, self. I have heard a very good character of you: friend, as thou art a man skilled in many things, tell and therefore leave it to yourself, whether you will

me who is meant by the diseased, the sick, the die by dagger, sword, or poison. If you outlive this broken, the driven away, and the lost ? and whether order above an hour, I have given directions to put the prophesy in this chapter be accomplished, or yet you to death by torture.

to come to pass ? and thou wilt oblige thy friend, NERO.'

though unknown.' This familiar epistle was delivered to his wife This matter is too sacred for this paper ; but I Arria, who opened it.

cannot see what injury it would do to any clergyman One must have a soul very well turned for love, to have it in his eye, and believe all that are taken pity, and indignation, to comprehend the tumult this from him by his want of industry are to be demanded unhappy lady was thrown into upon this occasion. of him. I dare say, Favonius has very few of these The passion of love is no more to be understood by losses. Favonius, in the midst of a thousand impersome tempers, than a problem in a science by an tinent assailants of the divine truths, is an undisignorant man: but he that knows what affection is, turbed defender of them. He protects all under his will have, upon considering the condition of Arria, care, by the clearness of his understanding, and the ten thousand thoughts flowing upon him, which the example of his life; he visits dying men with the air tongue was not formed to express; but the charming of a man who hopes for his own dissolution, and statue is now before my eyes, and Arria in her enforces in others a contempt of this life, by his own unutterable sorrow has more beauty than ever ap- expectation of the next. His voice and behaviour peared in youth, in mirth, or in triumph. These are are the lively images of a composed and well-governed the great and noble incidents which speak the dignity zeal. None can leave him for the frivolous jargon of our nature, in our sufferings and distresses. Be- uttered by the ordinary teachers among dissenters, hold, her tender affection for her husband sinks her but such who cannot distinguish vociferation from features into a countenance which appears more eloquence, and argument from railing. He is so great helpless than that of an infant: but again, her indig- a judge of mankind, and touches our passions with nation shows in her visage and her bosom a resent- so superior a command, that he who deserts his conment as strong as that of the bravest man. Long gregation must be a stranger to the dictates of nature she stood in this agony of alternate rage and love; as well as to those of grace. but at last composed herself for her dissolution But I must proceed to other matters, and resolve rather than survive her beloved Pætus. When he the questions of other enquirers ; as in the following:





Heddington, Sept. 19. and have treated you accordingly; for which you • Upon reading that part of the Tatler, No. 69, friend and school-fellow. You know in your own

have turned your florid violence against your ancient where mention is made of a certain chapel-clerk,

conscience you gave me leave to touch upon your rein there arose a dispute, and that produced a wager,

of speaking, provided I hid your other talents ; in whether by the words chapel-clerk was meant a

which I believed you sincere, because like the ancient clergyman or layman? by a clergyman I mean one in

Sinon, you have before now suffered yourself to be holy orders. It was not that any body in the com

defaced to carry on a plot. Besides, sir, rotul, pany pretended to guess who the person was; but

language for a person of your present station! Fy, some asserted, that by Mr. Bickerstaff's words must

fy, I am really ashamed for you, and shall no more be meant a clergyman only: others said, that those words might have been said of any clerk of a parish: depend upon your intelligence. Keep your temper,

roash your face, and go to bed. and some of them more properly of a layman. The

' ISAAC BICKERSTAFF." wager is half a dozen bottles of wine; in which, if you please to determine it, your health, and all the

For aught I know, this fellow may have confused family of the Staffs, shall certainly be drunk; and the description of the pack, on purpose to ensnare the you will singularly oblige another very considerable game, while I have all along believed he was destrosfamily ; I mean that of your humble servants,

ing them as well as myself; but because they pretend THE TRENCHER CAPS.'

to bark more than ordinary, I shall let them see that

I will not throw away the whip, until they know It is very customary with us learned men, to find better how to behave themselves." But I must not, at perplexities where no one else can see any. The

the same time, omit the praises of their economy, honest gentlemen who wrote this, are much at a loss to understand what I thought very plain ; and, in expressed in the following advice.

*MR. BICKERSTAFF, return, their epistle is so plain, that I cannot under

Sept. 17. stand it. This, perhaps, is at first a little like non- Though your thoughts are at present employed sense; but I desire all persons to examine these upon the tables of same, and marshalling your illuswritings with an eye to my being far gone in the trious dead, it is hoped the living may not be nese occult sciences ; and remember, that it is the privilege lected, nor defrauded of their just honours; and of the learned and the great to be understood when since you have begun to publish to the world the they please: sor as a man of much business may be great sagacity and vigilance of the Knights of the allowed to leave company when he pleases; so one of Industry, it will be expected you shall proceed to do high learning may be above your capacity when he justice to all the societies of them you can be informed thinks fit. But without further speeches or fooling, of; especially since their own great industry corers I must inform my friends the Trencher Caps, in plain their actions as much as possible from thai public words, that I meant, in the place they speak of, a notice which is their due. drunken clerk of a church: and I will return their

Paulum sepultæ distat inertiæ civility among my relations, and drink their healths

Calata virtus.

Hor. 4. Od, ix. 29. as they do ours.

“ Hidden vice and concealed virtue are much alike."

Be pleased, therefore, to let the following memoirs No. 73.] TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 27, 1709. have a place in their history.

' In a certain part of the town, famous for the White's Chocolate-house, September 26. freshest oysters, and the plainest English, there is a I cannot express the confusion the following house, or rather a college, sacred to hospitality and letter gave me, which I received by Sir Thomas this the industrious arts. At the entrance is hieroglyphimorning. There cannot be a greater surprise than to cally drawn a cavalier contending with a monster, meet with sudden enmity in the midst of a familiar with jaws expanded just ready to derour him. and friendly correspondence; which is my case in

· Hither the brethren of the Industry resort; relation to this epistle: and I have no way to purge but, to avoid ostentation, they wear no habits of myself to the world, but by publishing both it and distinction, and perform their exercises with as little my answer:

noise and show as possible. Here are no under

graduates, but each is a master of his art. They are MR. BICKERSTAFF,

distributed according to their various talents, and • You are a very impudent fellow to put me into detached abroad in parties, to divide the labours of the Tatler. Rot you, sir, I have more wit than you ; the day. They have dogs as well-nosed and as deet and rot me, I have more money than most fools I as any: and no sportsmen show greater activity. have bubbled. All persons of quality admire me;

Some beat for the game, some hunt it, others though, rot me if I value a blue garter any more than come in at the death ; and my honest landlord I do a blue apron. Every body knows I am brave; makes very good venison sauce, and eats liis share of therefore have a care how you provoke

the dinner. MONOCULUS.' I would fain pursue my metaphors; but a rener. The Answer.

able person who stands by me, and waits to bring you SIR,

this letter, and whom, by a certain benevolence in

his look, I suspect to be Pacolet, reproves me, and • Did I not very well know your hand, as well by obliges me to write in plainer terms, that the society the spelling as the character, I should not have had fixed their eyes on a gay young gentleman, who believed yours of to-day had come from you. But has lately succeeded to a title and an estate ; the when all men are acquainted that I have had all my latter of which they judged would be very convenient intelligence from you, relating to your fraternity, let for them. Therefore, after several attempts to get them pronounce who is the more impudent. I confess, into his acquaintance, my landlord finds an opportuI have had a peculiar tenderness for you, by reason nity to make his court to a friend of the young sparken of that luxuriant eloquence of which you are master, in the following manner:

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“Sir, as I take you to be a lover of ingenuity and Mr. one of the present common-council, four plain dealing, I shall speak very freely to you. In few hundred and fifty pounds, to be disposed of as follows, words, then, you are acquainted with Sir Liberal Brisk. provided the said Sir Arthur de Bradly be the alderProvidence has, for our emolument, sent him a fair man, viz. estate ; for men are not born for themselves. There- All such that shall poll for Sir Arthur de Bradly fore, if you will bring him to my house, we will take shall have one chaldron of good coals gratis. care of him, and you shall have half the profits. * And half a chaldron to every one that shall not There is Ace and Cutter will do his business to a poll against him. hair. You will tell me, perhaps, he is your friend : "And the remainder to be laid out in a clock, dial, I grant it, and it is for that propose it, to prevent or otherwise, as the common-councilmen of the said his falling into ill hands.

ward shall think fit.

* And if any person shall refuse to take the said “We'll carve him like a dish fit for the gods,

coals to himself, he may assign the same to any poor Not hew him like a carcass fit for hounds."

electors in the ward. • In short, there are to my certain knowledge, a *I do acknowledge to have received the said four hundred mouths open for him. Now, if we can secu

hundred and fifty pounds, for the purposes abovehim to ourselves, we shall disappoint all those ra, els mentioned, for which I have given a receipt. that do not deserve him. Nay, you need not sta at it, Sir; it is for your own advantage. Besides,

Witness, J-S H–T,

J-N MY. Partridge has cast me his nativity, and I find by cer

J.-YG-H, tain destiny, his oaks must be felled.'

E-DD-S. The gentieman, to whom this honest proposal was

N. B. Whereas several persons have already made, made little answer; but said he would consider engaged to poll for Sir Humphry Greenhat, it is of it, and immediately took coach to find out the hereby further declared, that every such person as young baronet, and told him all that had passed, doth 'poll for Sir Arthur de Bradly, shall each of together with the new salvo to satisfy a man's con

them receive a chaldron of coals gratis, on the proviso science in sacrificing his friend. Sir Brisk was fired, above-mentioned.' swore a dozen oaths, drew his sword, put it up again,

This is certainly the most plain-dealing that ever called for his man, beat him, and bid him fetch a

was used, except that the just quantity which an coach. His friend asked him, what he designed, elector may drink without excess, and the difference and whither he was going? He answered to find between an acknowledgment and a bribe, wants out the villains and fight them. To which his friend explanation. Another difficulty with me is, how a agreed, and promised to be his second, on condition

man who is bargained with for a chaldron of coals he would first divide his estate to them, and reserve

for his vote shall be said to have that chaldron gratis ? only a proportion to himself, so that he might have If my kinsman Greenhat had given me the least intithe justice of fighting his equals. His next resolu- mation of his design, I should have prevented his tion was to play with them, and let them see he was publishing nonsense ; nor should any knight in not the bubble they took him for. But he soon quitted | England have put my relation at the bottom of the that, and resolved at last to tell Bickerstaff of them, leaf as a postcript, when, after all, it appears Greenand get them enrolled in the order of the Industry ; hat has been the more popular man. There is here with his caution to all young landed knights and such open contradiction, and clumsy art to palliate esquires, that whenever they are drawn to play, they the matter, and prove to the people, that the freedom would consider it as calling them down to a sentence

of election is safer when laid out in coals than strong already pronounced upon them, and think of the drink, that I can turn this only to a religious use, sound of these words : His oaks must be felled. I and admire the dispensation of things ; for if these am, Sir, your faithful humble servant,

fellows were as wise as they are rich, where would be WILL, TRUSTY.'

our liberty ? This reminds me of a memorable speech

made to a city almost in the same latitude with WestFrom my own Apartment, September 26. minster: "When I think of your wisdom, I admire It is wonderful to consider what a pitch of confi- your wealth ; when I think of your wealth, I admire dence this world is arrived at.

Do people believe I your wisdom. am made up of patience ? I have long told them, that I will suffer no enormity to pass, without I have an understanding with the offenders by way of hush- No. 74.) THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1709. money ; and yet the candidates at Queen-Hithe send coals to all the town but me. All the public papers

White's Chocolate-house, September 28. have had this advertisement :

The writer of the following letter has made a use

of me, which I did not foresee I should fall into. *London, September 22, 1709. But the gentleman having assured me that he has a

most tender passion for the fair one, and speaking his

intention with so much sincerity, I am willing to let WARD OF QUEEN-HITHE,

them contrive an interview by my means. • Whereas an evil and pernicious custom has of SIR, late very much prevailed at the election of aldermen

I earnestly entreat you to publish the inclosed; for this city, by treating at taverns and ale-houses, for I have no other way to come at her, or return to thereby engaging many unwarily to give their votes :


A. L.' which practice appearing to Sir Arthur de Bradly to be of dangerous consequence to the freedom of elec

.P.S. MR. BICKERSTAPF, tions, he hath avoided the excess thereof. Nevertheless "You cannot imagine how handsome she is : the to make an acknowledgment to this ward for their superscription of my letter will make her recollect the intended favour, he hath deposited in the hands of map that gazed at her, Pray put it in.'

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I can assure the young lady, the gentleman is in descending to rake into characters below its dignity : the trammels of love: how else would he make his for, as you well observe, there is something rer; superscription so much longer than his billet ? He terrible in unjustly attacking men in a way that may superscribes;

prejudice their honour or fortune ; and, indeed, where * To the younger of the two ladies in mourning (who crimes are enormous, the delinquent deserves little sat in the hindmost seat of the middle box at Mr. pity, yet the reporter may deserve less : and here I Winstanley's water-works on Tuesday was fortnight, am naturally led to that celebrated author of "The and had with them a brother, or some acquaintance whole Duty of Man," who hath set this matter in a that was as careless of that pretty creature as a true light in his treatise “Of the Government of the brother; which seeming brother ushered them to their Tongue;" where, speaking of uncharitable truths, coach) with great respect. Present.'

“a discovery of this kind serves not to

reclaim, but to enrage the offender, and precipitate “MADAM,

him into further degrees of ill. Modesty and fear of I have a very good estate, and wish myself your shame is one of those natural restraints which the husband: let me know by this way where you live; wisdom of heaven has put upon mankind; and he for I shall be miserable until we live together. that once stumbles, may yet, by a check of that ALEXANDER LANDLORD.' bridle recover again : but when by a public detection

he is fallen under that infamy he leared, he will then This is the modern way of bargain and sale; a be apt to discard all caution, and to think he owes certain short-hand writing, in which laconic elder himself the utmost pleasures of vice, as the price el brothers are very successful. All my fear is, that the his reputation. Nay, perhaps he advances farther, nymph's elder sister is unmarried ; if she is we are

and sets up for a reversed sort of fame, by being undone: but perhaps the careless fellow was her eminently wicked, and he who before was but a husband and then she will let us go on.

clandestine disciple becomes a doctor of impiety."

&c. This sort of reasoning, Sir, most certainly From my own Apartment, September 28.

induced our wise legislators very lately to repeal that The following letter has given me a new sense of law which put the stamp of insamy in the face of the nature of my writings. I have the deepest regard felons: therefore, you had better give an act of to conviction, and shall never act against it. How- oblivion to your delinquents, at least for transportaever, I do not yet understand what good man he tion, than to continue to mark them in so notorious a thinks I have injured : but his epistle has such weight manner. I cannot but applaud your designed attempt in it, that I shall always have respect for his admoni- of raising merit from obscurity, celebrating virtue tion, and desire the continuance of it. I am not in distress, and attacking vice in another method, by conscious that I have spoke any faults a man may setting innocence in a proper light.” Your pursuing not mend if he pleases.

these noble themes will make a greater advance to 'MR. BICKERSTAFF,

September 25.

the reformation you seem to aim at, than the method

you have hitherto taken, by putting mankind beyond • When I read your paper of Thursday, I was sur- the power of retrieving themselves, or indeed, to prised to find mine of the thirteenth inserted at large; think it possible. But, if, after all your endeavours I never intended myself or you a second trouble of in this new way, there should then remain any this kind, believing I had sufficiently pointed out the hardened impenitents, you must even give them up to man you had injured, and that by this time you were the rigour of the law, as delinquents not within the convinced that silence would be the best answer: but benefit of their clergy. Pardon me, good Mr. Bickerfinding your reflections are such as naturally call for staff, for the tediousness of this epistle, and beliere a reply, I take this way of doing it ; and, in the first it is not from any self-conviction I have taken up 50 place, return you thanks for the compliment made much of your time, or my own; but supposing you me of my seeming sense and worth. I do assure mean all your lucubrations should tend to the good of you, I shall always endeavour to convince mankind mankind, I may the easier hope your pardon, being, of the latter, though I have no pretence to the for- Sir, Yours, &c.'

But to come a little nearer, I observe you put yourself under a very severe restriction, even the Grecian Coffee-house, September 29. laying down the Tatler for ever, if I cau give you an instance, wherein you have injured any good man, or This evening I thought fit to notify to the literati pointed out any thing which is not the true object of of this house, and by that means to all the world, that raillery.

on Saturday the fifteenth of October next ensuing, I • I must confess, Mr. Bickerstaff, if the making a design to fix my first table of fame; and desire sucłı man guilty of vices that would shame the gallows, as are acquainted with the characters of the twelve be the best method to point at the true object of most famous men that have ever appeared in the raillery, I have, until this time, been very ignorant; world, would send in their lists, or name any one but if it be so, I will venture to assert one thing, and man for that table, assigning also his place at it lay it down as a ma even to the Staffian race, before that time, upon pain of having such his man viz. That that method of pointing ought no more to of fame postponed, or placed too high for ever. I be pursued, than those people ought to cut your shall not, upon any application whatever, alter the throat who suffer by it; because I take both to be place which upon that day I shall give to any of these murder, and the law is not in every private man's worthies. But, whereas, there are many who take hands to execute : but indeed, Sir, were you the only upon them to admire this hero, or that author, upon person would suffer by the Tatler's discontinuance, second hand, I expect each subscriber should underI have malice enough to punish you in the manner write his reason for that place he allots his candidate. you prescribe ; but I am not so great an enemy to The thing is of the last consequence; for we are the town or my own pleasures as to wish it; nor that about settling the greatest point that ever has been you would lay aside lashing the reigning vices, so debated in any age; and I shall take precautions long as you keep to the true spirit of satire without accordingly. Let every man who votes, consider that


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