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131 | Virginal, who so accounted in female conversa-
115 Vision, of the mountain and temple of Fame 81
44, 62 Understanding, good, necessary in a scholar
244 Upholders, company of, their civility to Mr.
Advertisement for the funeral of Dr. Par-
23 | Urbanus, his modesty and condescension 241
132 Wealthy persons fis characters and wit to cir-
Harp, an instrument in a female concert 157
5 Whitaker's, (admiral) arrival at Barcelona 5
Scheme to govern one
148 Wildair, (Tom) how reformed by his father 60
50 Present of, to Mr. Bickerstaff
Brewers, the fraternity of tried
i 17, 181
No. Wine Brewers, a request to them
131 | Women, the happiness of mankind depends on Winter-gardens described and recommended 179 their education
141 Winter-piece, by Mr. Phillips 12 Want regular education
61 Wisdom, (Walter) character of, and manner of Natural to them to talk of themselves
of the present age, compared with those of Wit, definitions of 62 the last
57 More subtle than mer in their own affairs 30) Adventitious 251 Their common failing
217 Judged by men's purses 57 Bad taste in dress
151 Wits opposed to critics 29 Unmarried, instructions to them
181 Bodily wits
45 Wren, (sir Christopher) described under the Professed wits, silly and troublesome 219 name of Nestor
52 Withers, (general) character of
46 Witchcraft described and explained 21 XERXES, why be burst into tears
97 Women have not the allowances men make for themselves
201 YOUNG, (Margery) life and adventures of 226 The villainy of deluding them exposed 201
Contains in all 271 numbers, which were written and contributed to in the follouing proportion:STEELE-wrote 177, being Nos. 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 21, 22, 23, 25, 26,
27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 33, 34, 39, 40, 41, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 60, 61, 62, 65, 69, 72, 74, 77, 78, 79, 80, 82, 83, 84, 85, 87, 89, 91, 92, 94, 95, 98, 99, 104, 105, 106, 107, 109, 112, 115, 118, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 131, 132, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 113, 144, 145, 147, 149, 150, 151, 159, 164, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191, 197, 198, 199, 200, 201, 202, 203, 204, 206, 207, 208, 209, 210, 211, 212, 213, 214, 215, 217, 219, 222, 223, 225, 226, 227, 228, 231, 232, 233 234, 235, 236, 241, 242, 244, 245, 246, 247, 248, 251, 252, 261, 263, 264, 266, 208, 209,
270, 271. ADDISON-50, being Nos. 18, 37, 88, 93, 96, 97, 100, 102, 108, 116, 117, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 131,
133, 146, 148, 152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 161, 162, 163, 165, 192, 193, 194, 195,
196, 216, 218, 220, 221, 224, 229, 237, 239, 240, 243, 249, 250, 255, 267. STEELE and ADDISON-23, being Nos. 20, 24, 36, 38, 43, 75, 81, 86, 90, 101, 133, 110, 111, 114,
160, 253, 254, 256, 257, 259, 260, 262, 265.
. 1. GREENWOOD
TO MR. ARTHUR MAYNWARING, hardly a name now eminent among us for power, SIR,
wit, beauty, valour, or wisdom, which is not sub
scribed for the encouragement of these volumes. The state of conversation and business in this This is, indeed, an honour, for which it is impossible town having been long perplexed with Pretenders in
to express a suitable gratitude ; and there is nothing both kinds; in order to open men's eyes against could be an addition to the pleasure I take in it but such abuses, it appeared no unprofitable undertaking the reflection, that it gives me the most conspicuous to publish a Paper, which should observe upon the occasion I can ever have, of subscribing myself, Sir, manners of the pleasurable, as well as the busy part
Your most obliged, most obedient, of mankind. To make this generally read, it seemed
and most humble servant, the most proper method to form it by way of a
ISAAC BICKERSTAFF. letter of intelligence, consisting of such parts as might gratify the curiosity of persons of all condi- TO EDWARD WORTLEY MONTAGUE, ESQ. tions, and of each sex. But a work of this nature requiring time to grow into the notice of the world,
SIR, it happened very luckily, that, a little before I had When I send you this volume, I am rather to resolved upon this design, a gentleman had written make you a request than a Dedication, I must predictions, and two or three other pieces in my desire, that if you think fit to throw away any name, which rendered it famous through all parts of moments on it, you would not do it after reading Europe; and, by an inimitable spirit and humour, those excellent pieces with which you are usually raised it to as high a pitch of reputation as it could
The images which you will meet with possibly arrive at.
here, will be very faint after the perusal of the By this good fortune, the name of Isaac Bicker-Greeks and Romans, who are your ordinary comstaff gained an audience of all who had any taste of panions. I must confess I am obliged to you for wit; and the addition of the ordinary occurrences the taste of many of their excellences, which I had of common Journals of News brought in a multitude not observed until you pointed them to me. of other readers. I could not, I confess, long keep | very proud that there are some things in these papers up the opinion of the town, that these Lucubrations which I know you pardon ; and it is no small pleawere written by the same hand with the first works sure to have one's labours suffered by the judgment which were published under my name; but, before of a man, who so well understands the true charms I lost the participation of that author's fame, I had of eloquence and poesy. But I direct this address already found the advantage of his authority, to to you; not that I think I can entertain you with which I owe the sudden acceptance which my labours my writings, but to thank you for the new delight met with in the world.
I have from your conversation, in those of other The general purpose of this paper is to expose the false arts of life, to pull off the disguises of cunning, May you enjoy a long continuance of the true vanity, and affectation, and to recommend a general relish of the happiness heaven has bestowed upon simplicity in our dress, our discourse, and our be- you! I know not how to say a more affectionate haviour. No man has a better judgment for the thing to you, than to wish that you may be always discovery,
or a nobler spirit for the contempt of all what you are; and that you may ever think, as I imposture
, than yourself; which qualities render know you now do, that you have a much larger you the most proper patron for the author of these fortune than you want. I am, Sir, your most obeEssays. In the general, the design, however exe- dient, and most humble Servant, cuted, has met with so great success, that there is
ISAAC BICKERSTAFF. TATLER. No. 1.
TO THE RIGHT HON. WILLIAM LORD TO THE RT. HON. CHAS. LORD HALIFAX. COWPER BARON OF WINGHAM.
From the Hovel at Hamptonwick, MY LORD, After having long celebrated the superior graces
April 7, 1711.
MY LORD, and excellences, among men, in an imaginary character, I do myself the honour to show my venera
When I first resolved upon doing myself this tion for transcendent merit under my own name, in honour, I could not but indulge a certain vanity, in this address to your lordship. The just application dating from this little covert, where I have frequently of those high accomplishments of which you are
had the honour of your lordship's company, and remaster, has been an advantage to all your fellow-ceived from you very many obligations. The elegant subjects; and it is from the common obligation you solitude of this place, and the greatest pleasures of have laid upon all the world, that I, though a private it, I owe to its being so near those beautiful manors man, can pretend to be affected with, or take the wherein you sometimes reside. It is not retiring liberty to acknowledge, your great talents and public from the world, but enjoying its most valuable blessvirtues.
ings, when a man is permitted to share in your lordIt gives a pleasing prospect to your friends, that is ship’s conversations in the country. All the bright to say, to the friends of your country, that you have images which the wits of past ages have left behind passed through the highest offices, at an age when them in their writings, the noble plans which the others usually do but form to themselves the hopes greatest statesmen have laid down for administration of them. They may expect to see you in the house of affairs, are equally the familiar objects of your of lords as many years as you were ascending to it. knowledge. But what is peculiar to your lordship It is our common good, that your admirable eloquence above all the illustrious personages that hare apcan now no longer be employed, but in the expres- peared in any age, is, that wit and learning have from sion of your own sentiments and judgment. The your example fallen into a new æra. Your patronage skilful pleader is now for ever changed into the just has produced those arts, which before shunned the judge; which latter character your lordship exerts commerce of the world, into the service of life, and it with so prevailing an impartiality, that you win the is to you we owe, that the man of wit has turned approbation even of those who dissent from you, and himself to be a man of business. The false delicacy you always obtain favour, because you are never of men of genius, and the objections which others moved by it.
were apt to insinuate against their abilities for enterThis gives you a certain dignity peculiar to your ing into affairs have equally vanished. And expepresent situation, and makes the equity, even of a rience has shown, that men of letters are not only lord high chancellor, appear but a degree towards qualified with a greater capacity, but also a greater the magnanimity of a peer of Great Britain.
integrity in the despatch of business. Your own Forgive me, my lord, when I cannot conceal from studies have been diverted from being the highest you, that I shall never hereafter behold you, but I ornament, to the highest use to mankind; and the shall behold you, as lately, defending the brave and capacities which would have rendered you the the unfortunate.
greatest poet of your age, have, to the advantage of When we attend to your lordship engaged in a Great Britain, been employed in pursuits which have discourse, we cannot but reflect upon the many made you the most able and unbiassed patriot. A requisites which the vain-glorious speakers of an- vigorous imagination, an extensive apprehension, and tiquity have demanded in a man who is to excel in a ready judgment, have distinguished you in all the oratory; I say, my lord, when we reflect upon the illustrious parts of administration, in a reign attended precepts by viewing the example, though there is no with such difficulties, that the same talents, without excellence proposed by those rhetoricians wanting, the same quickness in the possession of them, would the whole art seems to be resolved into that one have been incapable of conquering. The natural motive of speaking, sincerity in the intention. The success of your abilities, has advanced you to a seat graceful manner, the apt gesture, and the assumed in that illustrious house, where you were received by concern, are impotent helps to persuasion, in com- a crowd of your relations. Great as you are, in your parison of the honest countenance of him who utters honours and personal qualities, I know you will forreally what he means. From whence it is, that all give an humble neighbour the vanity of pretending the beauties which others attain with labour, are in to a place in your friendship, and subscribing himyour lordship but the natural effects of the heart self, my Lord, that dictates.
Your Lordship's most obliged, It is this noble simplicity, which makes you surpass
and most devoted servant, mankind in the faculties wherein mankind are dis
RICHARD STEELE. tinguished from other creatures, reason and speech,
If these gifts were communicated to all men in proportion to the truth and ardour of their hearts, I PREFACE TO THE OCTAVO EDITION, 1710. should speak of you with the same force as you In the last Tatler I promised some explanation of express yourself on any other subject. But I resist passages and persons mentioned in this work, as well my present impulse as agreeable as it is to me; as some account of the assistances I have had in the though indeed, had I any pretensions to a fame of performance. I shall do this in very few words ; for this kind, I should, above all other themes, attempt when a man has no design but to speak plain truth, a panegyric upon my lord Cowper; for the only sure he may say a great deal in a very narrof compass. way to a reputation for eloquence, in an age wherein I have, in the dedication of the first volume, made that perfect orator lives, is to choose an argument, my acknowledgments to Dr. Swift, whose pleasant upon which he himself must of necessity be silent. writings, in the name of Bickerstaff, created an inI am. my Lord,
clination in the town towards any thing that could Your Lordship's most devoted,
appear in the same disguise. I must acknowledge most obedient, and most humble serrant, also, that, at my first entering upon this work, a
RICHARD STEELE. certain uncommon way of thinking, and a turn in
STEELE'S PREFACE TO THE TATLER.
conversation peculiar to that agreeable gentleman, possibly reap from any accomplishments of his own. rendered his company very advantageous to one But all the credit of wit which was given me by the whose imagination was to be continually employed gentlemen above-mentioned, with whom I have now upon obvious and common subjects, though, at the accounted, has not been able to atone for the exsame time, obliged to treat of them in a new and ceptions made against me for some raillery in behalf unbeaten method. His verses on the • Shower in of that learned advocate for the episcopacy of the Town,' and the Description of the Morning,' are church, and the liberty of the people, Mr. Hoadly. instances of the happiness of that genius, which could I mentioned this only to defend myself against the raise such pleasing ideas upon occasions so barren to imputation of being moved rather by party than an ordinary invention.
opinion; and, I think it is apparent. I have with When I am upon the house of Bickerstaff, I must the utmost frankness allowed merit wherever I found not forget that genealogy of the family sent to me it, though joined in interests different from those for by the post, and written, as I since understand, by which I have declared myself. When my Favonius Mr. Twisden, who died at the battle of Mons, and is acknowledged to be Dr. Smalridge, and the amiable has a monument in Westminster Abbey, suitable to character of the Dean in the sixty-sixth Tatler, drawn the respect which is due to his wit and his valour. for Dr. Atterbury; I hope I need say no more as There are, through the course of the work, very many to my impartiality. incidents which were written by unknown corres- I really have acted in these cases with honesty, pondents. Of this kind is the tale in the second and am concerned it should be thought otherwise ; Tatler, and the epistle from Mr. Downes the promp- for wit, if a man had it, unless it be directed to some ter, with others which were very well received by the useful end, is but a wanton frivolous quality; all public. But I have only one gentleman, who will be that one should value himself upon in this kind is, nameless, to thank for any frequent assistance to that he had some honourable intention in it. me, which indeed it would have been barbarous in
As for this point, never hero in romance was him to have denied to one with whom he has lived
carried away with a more furious ambition to conquer in an intimacy from childhood, considering the great
giants and tyrants, than I have been in extirpating ease with which he is able to despatch the most en
gamesters and duellists. And indeed, like one of tertaining pieces of this nature. This good office he
those knights too, though I was calm before, I am performed with such force of genius, humour, wit,
apt to fly out again, when the thing that first disand learning, that I fared like a distressed prince,
turbed me is presented to my imagination. I shall who calls in a powerful neighbour to his aid; I was
therefore leave off when I am well, and fight with undone by my auxiliary; when I had once called
windmills no more ; only shall be so arrogant as to him in, I could not subsist without dependence on him.
say of myself, that, in spite of all the force of fashion
and prejudice, in the face of all the world, I alone The same hand writ the distinguishing characters
bewailed the condition of an English gentleman, of men and women under the names of Musical
whose fortune and life are at this day precarious ; Instruments,' The Distress of the News-writers,'
while his estate is liable to the demands of gamesters, * The Inventory of the Play-house, and, The de
through a false sense of justice; and to the demands scription of the Thermometer,' which I cannot but
of duellists, through a false sense of honour. As to look upon as the greatest embellishments of this
the first of these orders of men, I have not one word
more to say of them; as to the latter, I shall conclude Thus far I thought necessary to say relating to
all I have more to offer against them, with respect the great hands which have been concerned in these
to their being prompted by the fear of shame, by volumes, with relation to the spirit and genius of applying to the duellist what I think Dr. South says the work ; and am far from pretending to modesty somewhere of the liar, 'He is a coward to man, and in making this acknowledgment. What a
a bravo to God.' obtains from the good opinion and friendship of Worthy men, is a much greater honour than he can
No. 1.) TUESDAY, APRIL 12, 1709.
of politic persons, who are so public-spirited as to
neglect their own affairs to look into transactions of Quicquid agunt homines
state. Now these gentlemen, for the most part, Dostri est farrago libelli. Jur. Sat. i. 85, 86. being persons of strong zeal and weak intellects, it Whate'er men do, or say, or think, or dream,
is both a charitable and necessary work to offer someOur motley paper seizes for its theme. P. thing whereby such worthy and well-affected mem
bers of the commonwealth may be instructed, after THOUGH the other papers, which are published for their reading, what to think; which shall be at the the use of the good people of England, have certainly end and purpose of this my paper, wherein I shall Fery, wholesome effects, and are laudable in their from time to time report and consider all matters of particular kinds, they do not seem to come up to the what kind soever that shall occur to me, and pub. main design of such narrations ; which, i humbly lish such my advices and reflections every Tuesday, presume, should be principally intended for the use Thursday, and Saturday in the week, for the con