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this antiquated song, that I shall give my reader a

Like tidings to King Henry came

Within as short a space, critique upon it, without any farther apology for

That Percy of Northumberland so doing

Was slain in Chevy-chace. The greatest modern critics have laid it down as

Now God be with him, said our king, a rule, That an heroic poem should be founded upon

Sith 'twill no better be, some important precept of morality, adapted to the

I trust I have within my realm constitution of the country in which the poet writes.

Five hundred good as he. Homer and Virgil have formed their plans in this

Yet shall not Scot or Scotland say,

But I will vengeance take, view. As Greece was a collection of many govern

And be revenged on them all ments who suffered very much among themselves,

For brave Lord Percy's sake. and gave the Persian emperor, who was their com

This vow full well the king performid mon enemy, many advantages over them by their

After on Humble-down, mutual jealousies and animosities, Homer,* in order

In one day fifty knights were slain,

With lords of great renown, to establish among them a union which was so ne

And of the rest of small account cessary for their safety, grounds his poem upon the

Did many tbousands die, &c. discords of the several Grecian princes who were engaged in a confederacy against an Asiatic prince, At the same time that our poet shows a laudable and the several advantages wbich the enemy gained partiality to his countrymen, he represents the Scots by such discords. At the time the poem we are now after a manner not unbecoming so bold and brave a treating of was written, the dissensions of the ba- people :rons, who were then so many petty princes, ran very

Earl Douglas on a milk-white steed,

Most like a baron bold, high, whether they quarrelled among themselves, or

Rode foremost of the company, with their neighbours, and produced unspeakable

Whose armour shone like gold, calamities to the country. The poet, to deter men from such unnatural contentions, describes a bloody His sentiments and actions are every way suitable battle and dreadful scene of death, occasioned by to a hero. One of us two, says he, must die: I am the mutual feuds which reigned in the families of an an earl as well as yourself, so that you can have no English and Scotch nobleinan. That he designed pretence for refusing the combat: however, says be, this for the instruction of his poem, we may learn it is pity, and indeed would be a sin, that so many from his four last lines, in which, after the example innocent men should perish for our sakes; rather of the modern tragedians, he draws from it a precept let you and I end our quarrel in a single fight : for the benefit of his readers :

Ere thus I will out-braved be,
God save the king, and bless the land

One of us two shall die :
In plenty, joy, and peace;

I know thee well, an earl thou art,
And grant henceforth that foul debate

Lord Percy, so am I.
'Twixt noblemen may cease.

But trust me, Percy, pity it were The next point observed by the greatest heroic

And great offence to kill poets, hath been to celebrate persons and actions

Any of these our harmless men,

For they have done no ill. which do honour to their country: thus Virgil's hero

Let thou and I the battle try, was the founder of Rome, Homer's a prince of

And set our men aside; Greece; and for this reason Valerius Flaccus and

Accurst be he, Lord Percy said, Statius, who were both Romans, might be justly de.

By whom it is deny'd. rided for having chosen the expedition of the Golden

When these brave' men had distinguished themFleece, and the Wars of Thebes, for the subjects of selves in the battle, and in single combat with each their epic writings. The poet before us has not only found out a hero sentiments, the Scotch earl falls; and with his dying

other, in the midst of a generous parley, full of heroic in his own country, but raises the reputation of it by words encourages his men to revenge his death, reseveral incidents

. The English are the first who presenting to them, as the most bitter circumstance take the field, and the last who quit it. The Eng- of it, that his rival saw him fall:lish bring only fifteen hundred to the battle; the Scotch two thousand. The English keep the field

With that there came an arrow keen

Out of an English bow, with fifty-three; the Scotch retire with fifty-five :

Which struck Earl Douglas to the heart all the rest on each side being slain in battle. But

A deep and deadly blow. the most remarkable circumstance of this kind is the

Who never spoke more words than these, different manner in which the Scotch and Euglish

Fight on, my merry-men all, kings receive the news of this fight, and of the great

For why? my life is at an end, men's deaths who commanded in it:

Lord Percy sees my fall.
This news was brought to Edinburgh,

Merry-men, in the language of those times, is no
Where Scotland's king did reign,

more than a cheerful word for companions and felThat brave Earl Douglas suddenly Was with an arrow slain.

low-soldiers. A. passage in the eleventh book of O heavy news, King James did say,

Virgil's Æneid is very much to be admired, where Scotland can witness be,

Camilla, in her last agonies, instead of weeping I have not any captain more

over the wound she had received, as one might have of such account as he.

expected from a warrior of her sex, considers only * This supposition is strangely incorrect. At the time Homer (like the hero of whom we are now speaking) how wrote, the Persian government (most probably) did not exist. the battle should be continued after her death:In his days there was a jealousy among the Greeks and Asiatics, not between Greeks and Persians. Not. Herod. Lib. I.

Tum sic expirans, &c.-An xi. 820. Cap. i. et seq.-L.

A gathering mist o'erclouds her cheerful eyes, | The battle of Otterburn, usually called Chevy-Chase, was And from her cheeks the rosy colour flies, fought A. D. 1388, in the reigns of Richard II of England, and Then turns to her, whom, of her female train, Robert II. of Scotland. Others with less probability have She trusted most, and thus she speaks with pain : brought down the action to the reigns of Henry IV. of England, and James I of Scotland.

Impossible ! for it was more than three times the distance.

Æn. X. 821.

** Acca, 'tis past! he swims before my sight,

By chance conducted, or by thirst constrain'd, Inexorable death; and claims his right.

The deep recesses of the grove he gain'd, Bear my last words to Turnus; fly with speed,

Where in a plain, defended by the wood, And bid him timely to my charge succeed:

Crept through the matted grass a crystal flood, Repel the Trojans, and the town relieve:

By which an alabaster fountain stood; Farewell- DRYDEN.

And on the margin of the fount was laid

(Attended by her slaves) a sleeping maid Turnus did not die in so heroic a manner, though Like Dian and her nymphs, when, tir'd with sport, our poet seems to have had his eye upon Turnus's To rest by cool Eurotas they resort:

The dame herself the goddess well expressid, speech in the last verse :

Not more distinguish d by her purple vest,
Lord Percy sees my fall.

Than by the charming features of her face,

And e'en in slumber a superior grace;
Vicisti, et victum tendere palmas
Ansonü videre. -Æn xii. 936.

Her comely limbs compos d with decent care,

Her body shaded with a light cymar;
The Latin chiefs have seen me beg my life.

Her bosom to the view was only bare ;

DRYDEN. The fanning wind upon her bosom blows, Earl Percy's lamentation over his enemy is gene

To meet the fanning wind her bosom rose;

The fanning wind and purling streams continue her repose rous, beautiful, and passionate: I must only caution The fool of nature stood with stupid eyes, the reader not to let the simplicity of the style, which And gaping mouth, that testified surprise : one may well pardon in so old a poet, prejudice him

Fix'd on her face, nor could remove his sight,

New as he was to love, and novice in delight; against the greatness of the thonght :

Long mute he stood, and leaning on his staff,
Then leaving life, Earl Percy took

His wonder witness'd with an idiot laugh;
The dead man by the hand,

Then would have spoke, but by his glimm ring sense
And said, Earl Douglas, for thy life

First found his want of words, and feard offence;
Would I had lost my land.

Doubted for what he was he should be known,

By his clown-accent, and his country-tone.
O Christ! my very heart doth bleed
With sorrow for thy sake;

But lest this fine description should be excepted
For sure a more renowned knight

against, as the creation of that great master Mr. Mischance did never take.

Dryden, and not an account of what has really ever The beautiful line, "Taking the dead man by the happened in the world, I shall give you verbatim hand,” will put the reader in mind of Æneas' beha- the epistle of an enamoured footman in the country viour towards Lausus, whom he himself had slain as to his mistress. Their surnames shall not be inhe came to the rescue of his aged father :

serted, because their passions demand a greater reAt vero ut vultum vidit morientis, et ora,

spect than is due to their quality. James is servant Ora modis Anchisíades pallentia miris;

in a great family, and Elizabeth waits upon the Ingemuit, miserans graviter, dextramque tetendit.

daughter of one as numerous, some miles off her

lover. James, before he beheld Betty, was vain of The pious prince beheld young Lausus dead;

his strength, a rough wrestler, and quarrelsome He griev'd, he wept, then grasp d his hand, and said, &c.

DRYDEN

cudgel-player; Betty a public dancer at may-poles, I shall take another opportunity to consider the women, she playing among the peasants: he a

a romp at stool-ball : he always following idle other parts of this old song.

C.

country bully, she a country coquette. But love has made her constantly in her mistress's chamber,

where the young lady gratifies a secret passion of No. 71.1 TUESDAY, MAY 22, 1711. her own, by making Betty talk of James; and James Scribere jussit amor.-OviD, Epist. iv. 10.

is become a constant waiter near his master's apart

ment, in reading, as well as he can, romances. I Love bade me write.

cannot learn who Molly is, who it seems walked ten The entire conquest of our passions is so difficult miles to carry the angry message, which gave occaa work, that they who despair of it should think of a sion to what follows : less difficult task, and only attempt to regulate them. “MY DEAR BETTY,

May 14, 1711. But there is a third thing which may contribute not “Remember your bleeding lover who lies bleeding only to the ease, but also to the pieasure of our life; at the wounds Cupid made with the arrows be borand that is refining our passions to a greater ele- rowed at the eyes of Venus, which is your sweet gance than we receive them from nature. When person. the passion is Love, this work is performed in inno- “Nay more, with the token you sent me for my cent, though rude and uncultivated minds, by the love and service offered to your sweet person ; which mere force and dignity of the object. There are was your base respects to my ill conditions ; when, forms which paturally create respect in the behold- alas! there is no ill conditions in me, but quite coners, and at once inflame and chastise the imagina trary; all love and purity, especially to your sweet tion. Such an impression as this gives an immediate person; but all this I take as a jest. ambition to deserve, in order to please. This cause “But the sad and dismal news which Molly and effect are beautifully described by Mr. Dryden brought me struck me to the heart, which was, it in the fable of Cymon and Iphigenia. After he has seems, and is, your ill conditions for my love and represented Cymon so stupid, that

respects to you. He whistled as he went, for want of thought;

" For she told me, if I came forty times to you, he makes him fall into the following scene, and sure is a great grief to me.

you would not speak with me, which words I am shows its influence upon him so excellently, that it “Now, my dear, if I may not be permitted to your appears as natural as wonderful

sweet company, and to have the happiness of speakIt happened on a surmer's holiday.

ing with your sweet person, I beg the favour of you That to the greenwood shade he took his way: His quarter-staff, which he could ne'er forsake,

to accept of this my secret mind and thoughts, which Hung hall before, and ball behind his back.

hath so long lodged in my breast, the which if you He trudgʻd along, unknowing what he sought,

do not accept, I believe will go nigh to break my And whistled as he went for want of thought

heart.

86

" For indeed, my dear, I love you above all the No. 72.] WEDNESDAY, MAY 23, 1711. beauties I ever saw in my life.

Genus immortale manet, multosque per annos “ The young gentleman, and my master's daugh- Stat fortuna domus, et avi numerantur avorum. ter, the Londoner that is come down to marry her,

Vike. Georg. iv. 208. sat in the arbour most part of last night. On, dear Th' immortal line in sure succession reigns, Betty, must the nightingales sing to those who marry

The fortune of the family remains,

And grandsires grandsons the long list contains. for money, and not to us true lovers! Oh, my dear

DRYDEX Betty, that we could meet this night where we used to do in the wood!

HAVING already given my reader an account ol “Now, my dear, if I may not have the blessing of several extraordinary clubs, both ancient and mo kissing your sweet lips, I beg I may have the hap- dern, I did not design to have troubled him with any piness of kissing your fair hand, with a few lines more narratives of this nature ; but I have lately ré from your dear self, presented by whom you please ceived information of a club, which I can call neither or think fit. I believe, if time would permit me, I ancient nor modern, that I dare say will be no lesa could write all day; but the time being short, and surprising to my reader than it was to myself; for paper little, no more from your never-failing lover which reason I shall communicate it to the public as till death.

“ JAMES

one of the greatest curiosities in its kind. Poor James ! since his time and paper were so

A friend of mine complaining of a tradesman who short, I that have more than I can use well of both, is related to him, after having represented him as a will put the sentiments of this kind letter (the style and spent most of his time over

a bottle, told me, to

idle worthless fellow, who neglected his family, of which seems to be confused with the scraps he had got in hearing and reading what he did not under- conclude his character, that he was a member of the stand) into what he meant to express.

Everlasting club. So very odd a title raised my cu

riosity to inquire into the nature of a club that had “ Dear CREATURE,

such a sounding name; upon which my friend gave " Can you then neglect him who has forgot all me the following account: his recreations and enjoyments, to pine away his The Everlasting club consists of a hundred memlife in thinking of you? When I do so, you appear bers, who divide the whole twenty-four hours among more amiable to me than Venus does in the most them in such a manner, that the club sits day and beautiful description that ever was made of her. All night from one end of the year to another; no party this kindness you return with an accusation, that I presuming to rise till they are relieved by those who do not love you : but the contrary is so manifest, are in course to succeed them. By this means a that I cannot think you in earnest. But the cer member of the Everlasting club never wants comtainty given me in your message by Molly, that you pany; for though he is not upon duty himself, he is do not love me, is what robs me of all comfort. She sure to find some who are; so that if he be disposed says you will not see me: if you can have so much to take a whet, a nooning, an evening's draught, or cruelty, at least write to me, that I may kiss the a bottle after inidnight, he goes to the club, and fiuds impression made by your fair hand. I love you a knot of friends to his mind. above all things; and in my condition, what you It is a maxim in this club, that the steward never look upon with indifference is to me the most ex. dies; for as they succeed one another by way of roquisite pleasure or pain. Our young lady and a tation, no man is to quit the great elbow.chair which tine gentleman from London, who are to marry for stands at the upper end of the table, till his successor mercenary ends, walk about our gardens, and hear is in readiness to fill it ; insomuch that there has not the voice of evening nightingales, as if for fashion- been a sede vacante in the memory of man. sake they courted those solitudes, because they have

This club was instituted towards the end (or as heard lovers do so. Oh Betty! could I hear these some of them say, about the middle) of the civil rivulets murmur, and birds sing, while you stood wars, and continued without interruption till the near me, how little sensible should I be that we are time of the great fire,* which burnt them out, and both servants, that there is any thing on earth above dispersed them for several weeks. The steward as us! Oh! I could write to you as long as I love you, that time maintained his post till he had like to have till death itself.

“ JAMES."

been blown up with a neighbouring house (wbich N. B. By the words ill conditions, James means, was demolished in order to stop the fire); and would in a woman coquetry, in a man inconstancy.-R. not leave the chair at last, till he had emptied all

the bottles upon the table, and received repeated diThis man's name was James Hirst. He was a servant to rections from the club to withdraw himself. This the Hon. Edward Wortley, Esq., and in delivering a parcel of letters to his master, gave by mistake this letter, which he had steward is frequently talked of in the club and just prepared for his sweetheart, and kept in its stead one of looked upon by every member of it as a greater his master's. He quickly returned to rectify the blunder, but man than the famous captain mentioned in my Lord it was too late. Unfortunately the letter to Betty was the first Clarendon, who was burnt in his ship because he that presented itself to Mr. Wortley, who had indulged his curiosity in reading the love-tale of his enamoured footman. would not quit it without orders. It is said, that James requested to have it returned in vain. “ No, James," towards the close of 1700, being the great year of said his master, “ you shall be a great man, and this letter jubilee, the club had under consideration whether must appear in the Spectator."

James succeeded in putting an end to Betty's " ill condi- they should break up or continue their session ; but
tions," and obtained her consent to marry him: but the mar- after many speeches and debates, it was at length
riage was prevented by her sudden death James Hirst, soon agreed to sit out the other century. This resolation
aster, from his regard and love for Betty, married her sister,
and died about thirteen years ago, by Pennistone, in the neigh: passed in a general club nomine contradicente.
bourhood of Wortley, near Leeds. Betty's sister and suc- Having given this short account of the institution
cessor was probably the Molly who walked ten miles to carry and continuation of the Everlasting club, I should
the angry rressage which oocasioned the preceding letter.

here endeavour to say something of the manners
and characters of its several members, which I shall

Anno, 1666.

do according to the best lights I have received in man considers what he wants, and the fool what he this matter.

abounds in. The wise man is happy when he gains It appears by their books in general, that, since his own approbation, and the fool when he recomtheir first institution, they have smoked fifty tons of mends himself to the applause of those about him. tobacco, drunk thirty thousand butts of ale, one But however unreasonable and absurd this passion thousand hogsheads of red port, two hundred barrels for admiration may appear in such a creature as of brandy, and a kilderkin of small beer. There man, it is not wholly to be discouraged; since it has been likewise a great consumption of cards. It often produces very good effects, not only as it reis also said, that they observe the law in Ben Jon- strains him from doing any thing which is mean and son's club, * wbich orders the fire to be always kept contemptible, but as it pushes him to actions which in, (focus perennis esto) as well for the convenience are great and glorious. The principle may be deof lighting their pipes, as to cure the dampness of fective or faulty, but the consequences it produces the club-room. They have an old woman in the are so good, that, for the benefit of mankind, it Dature of a restal, whose business it is to cherish ought not to be extinguished. and perpetuate the fire which burns from generation It is observed by Cicero, that men of the greatest to generation, and has seen the glass-house fires in and the most shining parts are the most actuated by and out above a hundred times.

ambition; and if we look into the two sexes, I beThe Everlasting club treats all other clubs with lieve we shall find this principle of action stronger an eye of contempt, and talks even of the Kit-Cat in women than in men. and October as of a couple of upstarts. Their ordi- The passion for praise, which is so very vehement nary discourse (as much as I have been able to learn in the fair sex, produces excellent effects in women of it) turns altogether upon such adventures as have of sense, who desire to be admired for that only passed in their own assembly; of members who have which deserves admiration; and I think we may taken the glass in their turns for a week together, observe, without a compliment to them, that many without stirring out of the club; of others who have of them do not only live in a more uniform course smoked a hundred pipes at a sitting; of others, who of virtue, but with an infinitely greater regard to have not missed their morning's draught for twenty their honour, than what we find in the generality of years together. Sometimes they speak in raptures our own sex. How many instances have we of of a run of ale in King Charles's reign; and some-chastity, fidelity, devotion! How many ladies distimes reflect with astonishment upon games at whist

, tinguish themselves by the education of their chilwhich bare been miraculously recovered by members dren, care of their families, and love of their husof the society, when in all human probability the bands,—which are the great qualities and achievecase was desperate.

ments of woman-kind, as the making of war, the They delight in several old catches, which they carrying on of traffic, the administration of justice, sing at all hours to encourage one another to moisten are those by which men grow famous, and get themtheir clay, and grow immortal by drinking; with selves a name. many other edifying exhortations of the like nature. But as this passion for admirati when it works

There are four general clubs held in a year, at according to reason, improves the beautiful part of which times they fill up vacancies, appoint waiters, our species in every thing that is laudable; so noconfirm the old fire-maker, or elect a new one, settle thing is more destructive to them, when it is gocontributions for coals, pipes, tobacco, and other verned by vanity and folly. What I have therefore necessaries.

here to say, only regards the vain part of the sex, The senior member has outlived the whole club whom for certain reasons, which the reader will twice over, and has been drunk with the grandfathers hereafter see at large, I shall distinguish by the of some of the present sitting members.-C. name of idols. An idol is wholly taken up in the

adorning of her person. You see in every posture No. 73.] THURSDAY, MAY 24, 1711.

of her body, air of her face, and motion of her head, that it is her business and employment to gain

adorers. For this reason your idols appear in all O Goddess! for no less you seem.

public places and assemblies, in order to seduce men It is very strange to consider, that a creature to their worship. The playhonse is very frequently like man, who is sensible of so many weaknesses and filled with idols; several of them are carried in proimperfections, should be actuated by a love of fame : cession every evening about the ring, and several of that vice and ignorance, imperfection and misery; them set up their worship even in churches. They should contend for praise, and endeavour as much are to be accosted in the language proper to the as possible to make themselves objects of admiration. Deity. Life and death are in their power : joys of

But notwithstanding man's essential perfection is heaven, and pains of hell, are at their disposal: but very little, his comparative perfection may be paradise is in their arms, and eternity in every moFery considerable. If he looks upon himself in an

ment that you are present with them. Raptures, abstracted light, he has not much to boast of; but transports, and ecstasies, are the rewards which if he considers himself with regard to others, he they confer: sighs and tears, prayers and broken may find occasion of glorying, if not in his own Their smiles make men happy; their frowns drive

hearts, are the offerings which are paid to them. virtues, at least in the absence of another's imper- them to despair. I shall only add under this head, fections. This gives a different turn to the reflec- that Ovid's book of the Art of Love is a kind of tions of the wise man and the fool. The first en- heathen ritual, which contains all the forms of wordeavours to shine in himself, and the last to outshine others. The first is humbled by a sense of his own

ship which are made use of to an idol. infirmities, the last is lifted up by the discovery of different kinds of idols, as Milton's was to number

It would be as difficult a task to reckon up these those which he observes in other men. The wise

those that were known in Canaan, and the lands See the Leges Conviviales of this club, in Langbaine's adjoining. Most of them are worshipped like MoLives of English Poets, &c.

loch in fire and fames. Some of them, like Baal,

O Dea certe!-VIRG. Æn. I. 329.

Art. Ben Jonson.

love to see their votaries cut and slashed, and shed- No. 74.1 FRIDAY, MAY, 25, 1711. ding their blood for them. Some of them, like the

Pendent opera interrupta Vne. En iv.8. idol in the Apocrypha, must have treats and colla

The works unfinished and neglected lie. tions prepared for them every night. It has indeed been known, that some of them have been used by In my last Monday's paper I gave some general their incensed worshippers like the Chinese idols, instances of those beautiful strokes which please the who are whipped and scourged when they refuse to reader in the old song of Chevy Chase; I shall here, comply with the prayers that are offered to them. according to my promise, be more particular, and

I must here observe, that those idolaters who de- shew that the sentiments in that ballad are extremely vote themselves to the idols I am here speaking of, natural and poetical, and full of the majestic simdiffer very much from all other kinds of idolaters. plicity which we admire in the greatest of the apFor as others fall out because they worship different cient poets; for which reason I shall quote several idols, these idolaters quarrel because they worship passages of it, in which the thought is altogether the the same.

same with what we meet in several passages of the The intention therefore of the idol is quite con. Æneid; not that I would infer from thence, that trary to the wishes of the idolaters ; as the one desires the poet (whoever he was) proposed to himself any to confine the idol to himself, the whole business imitation of those passages, but that he was directed and ambition of the other is to multiply adorers. to keep them in general by the same kind of poetiThis humour of an idol is prettily described in a tale cal genius, and by the same copyings after nature. of Chaucer. He represents one of them sitting at Had this old song been filled with epigrammatia table with three of her votaries about her, who are cal turns and points of wit, it might perhaps have all of them courting her favour, and paying their pleased the wrong, taste of some readers, but it adorations. She smiled upon one, drank to another, would never have become the delight of the comand trod upon the other's foot which was under the mon people, nor have warmed the heart of Sir Phitable. Now which of these three, says the old bard, lip Sidney like the sound of a trumpet; it is only do you think was the favourite ? In troth, says he, nature that can have this effect, and please those not one of all the three.

tastes which are the most unprejudiced, or the most The behaviour of this old idol in Chaucer, puts refined. I must, however, beg leave to dissent from me in mind of the beautiful Clarinda, one of the so great an authority as that of Sir Philip Sidney, greatest idols among the moderns. She is worship in the judgment which he has passed as to the rude ped once a week by candlelight, in the midst of a style and evil apparel of this antiquated song; for large congregation, generally called an assembly. there are several parts in it where not only the Some of the gayest youths in the nation endeavour thought but the language is majestic, and the nunto plant themselves in her eye, while she sits in bers sonorous; at least the apparel is much more form with multitudes of tapers burning about her. gorgeous than many of the poets made use of in To encourage the zeal of her idolaters, she bestows Queen Elizabeth's time, as the reader will see in a mark of her favour upon every one of them, be several of the following quotations. fore they go out of her presence. She asks a ques- What can be greater than either the thought or tion of one, tells a story to another, glances an ogle the expression in that stanza, upon a third, takes a pinch of snuff from the fourth,

To drive the deer with hound and hora lets her fan drop by accident to give the fifth an oc

Earl Percy took his way! casion of taking it up;-in short, every one goes

The child may rue that is unborn away satisfied with his success, and encouraged to

The hunting of that day! renew his devotions on the same canonical hour that This way of considering the misfortunes which this day sevennight.

battle would bring upon posterity, not only on those An idol may be undeified by many accidental who were born immediately after the battle, and lost causes. Marriage in particular is a kind of counter their fathers in it, but on those also who perished in apotheosis, or a deification inverted.—When a man future battles which took their rise from this quarrei becomes familiar with his goddess, she quickly sinks of the two earls, is wonderfully beautiful, and coninto a woman.

formable to the way of thinking among the ancient Old age is likewise a great decayer of your idol. poets. The truth of it is, there is not a more unhappy

Audiet pugnas vitio parentum being than a superannuated idol, especially when

Rara juventus.--Hor. 1, Od. ii. 23. she has contracted such airs and behaviour as are

Posterity, thinn'd by their father's crimes,

Shall read with gries the story of their times. only graceful when her worshippers are about her. Considering, therefore, that in these and many ble more the majestic simplicity of the ancients,

What can be more sounding and poetical, or resemother cases the woman generally outlives the idol, must return to the moral of this paper, and desire than the following stanzas ? my fair readers to give a proper direction to their

The stout Earl of Northumberland

A vow to God did make, passion for being admired; in order to which, they

His pleasure in the Scottish woods must endeavour to make themselves the objects of a

Three summers' days to take : reasonable and lasting admiration. This is not to

With fifteen hundred bowmen bold, be hoped for from beauty, or dress, or fashion, but

All chosen men of might, from those inward ornaments which are not to be

Who knew full well, in time of need,

To aim their shafts aright. defaced by time or sickness, and which appear most

'The hounds ran swiftly through the woods amiable to those who are most acquainted with them.

The nimble deer to take : C.

And with their cries the hills and dales

An echo shrill did make.

-Vocat ingenti clamore Cithæron
Taygetique canes, domitrixque Epidaurus equorum;
Et vox assensu nomorum ingemiata remugit.-Georg. i 43
Cithæron loudly calls me to my way;
Thy hounds Taygetus, open and pursue the prey:

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