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them, without aiming to propagate their noise her arms from that sober-coloured stuff in which she through all the church, by signals given to the ad-bad clothed herself. The plainness of her dress was joining scats, where others designed for this fra- very well suited to the simplicity of her phrases ; ternity are sometimes placed upon trial to receive all which, put together, though they could not give them.

me a great opinion of her religion, they did of her " The folly as well as rudeness of this practice is innocence. in pothing more conspicuous than this, that all that This adventure occasioned my throwing together follows in the sermon is lost; for, whenever our a few hints upon cleanliness, which I shall consider sparks lake alarm, they blaze out and grow so tu- as one of the half virtues, as Aristotle calls them, multuous that no after-explanation can avail, it be- and shall recommend it under the three following ing impossible for themselves or any near them to heads: as it is a mark of politeness; as it produces give an account thereof. If any thing really novel love; and as it bears analogy to purity of mind. is advanced, bow averse soever it may be to their First, It is a mark of politeness. It is universally way of thinking, to say nothing of duty, men of less agreed upon, that no one unadorned with this virtue levity than these would be led by a natural curiosity can go into company without giving a manifest ofto hear the whole,

fence. The easier or higher any one's fortune is Laughter, where things sacred are transacted, this duty rises proportionably. The different nations is far less pardonable than wbining at a conventicle; of the world are as much 'distinguished by their the last has at least a semblance of grace, and where cleanliness as by their arts and sciences. The more the affectation is unseen may possibly imprint any country is civilized, the more they consult this wholesome lessons on the sincere; but the first has part of politeness. We need but compare our ideas no excuse, breaking through all the rules of order of a female Hottentot and an English beauty to be

and decepey, and manifesting a remissness of mind satisfied of the truth of what hath been advanced. 1 in those important matters which require the strict. In the next place, cleanliness may be said to be

est composure and steadiness of thought: a proof of the foster-mother of love. Beauty indeed, most the greatest folly in the world.

commonly produces that passion in the mind, but I shall not here enter upon the veneration due cleanliness preserves it. An indifferent face and to the sanctity of the place, the reverence owing to person, kept in perpetual neatness hath won many the minister, or the respect that so great an assen. á heart from a pretty slattern. Age itself is not bly as a whole parish "may justly claim. I shall unamiable, while it is preserved clean and

unsullied; only tell them, that, as the Spanish cobbler, to re- like a piece of metal cons:antly kept smooth and claim a profligate son, bid him have some regard to bright, we look upon it with more pleasure than on the dignity of his family, so they as gentlemen (for a new vessel that is cankered with rust. we citizens assume to be such one day in a week) I might observe further, that as cleanliness renare bound for the future to repent of, and abstain ders us agreeable to others, so it makes us easy to from, the gross abuses here mentioned, whereof they ourselves; that it is an excellent preservative of have been guilty in contempt of beaven and earth, bealth; and that several vices, destructive both to and contrary to the laws in this case made and mind and body, are inconsistent with the habit of it. provided.

But these reflections I shall leave to the leisure of “I am, Sir, your very humble Servant, my readers, and shall observe, in the third place,

" R. M." that it bears a great analogy with purity of mind, and

naturally inspires refined sentiments and passions.

We find from experience that through the prevaNo. 631.] FRIDAY, DEC. 10, 1714.

lence of custom, the most vicious actions lose their Simplex munditiis

horror by being made familiar to us. On the conElegant by cleanliness

trary, those who live in the neighbourhood of good I had occasion to go a few miles out of town, examples, fly from the first appearances of what is some days since, in a stage-coach, where I had for shocking. It fares with us much after the same my fellow-travellers a dirty beau, and a pretty young manner as to our ideas. Our senses, which are the quaker woman. Having no inclination to talk iulets to all the images conveyed to the mind, can much at that time, I placed myself backward, with only transmit the impression of such things as usua design to survey them, and

pick a speculation out allý surround them. So that pure and unsullied of my two companions. Their different figures were thoughts are naturally suggested to the mind, by sufficient of themselves to draw my attention. The those objects that perpetually encompass us when gentleman was dressed in a suit, the ground whereof they are beautiful and elegant in their kind. had been black, as 1 perceived from some few spaces "In the East, where the warmth of the climate that had escaped the powder, which was incorpo- makes cleanliness more immediately necessary tban rated with the greatest part of his coat; his periwig, in colder countries, it is made one part of their rewhich cost no small sum, was after so slovenly a ligion: the Jewish law, and the Mahometan which manner cast over his shoulders, that it seemed 'not in some things copies after it, is filled with bathings, to have been combed since the year 1712; his linen, purifications, and other rites of the like nature. which was not much concealed, was daubed with l'hough there is the above-named convenient reason plain Spanish from the cbin to the lowest button; to be assigned for these ceremonies, the chief intenand the diamond upon his finger (which naturally tion undoubtedly was to typify inward purity and dreaded the water) put me in mind how it sparkled cleapuess of heart by those outward washings. We amidst the rubbish of the mine where it was first read several injunctions of this kind in the Book of discovered. On the other hand, the pretty quaker Deuteronomy, which confirm this truth; and which appeared in all the elegance of cleanliness. Not a are but ill accounted for by saying, as some do, that speck was to be found upon her. A clear, clean, they were only instituted for convenience in the uval face, just edged about with little thin plaits of desert, which otherwise could not have been habitthe purest camoric, reeeived great advantages from able for so many years. the shade of her black hood; as did the whiteness of I shall conclude this essay with a story which I

Hor, 1 Od. v. 5.


have somewhere read in an account of Mahumetan seven was an odd number : suggesting at the same superstitions.

time that, if he were provided with a sufficient stock A dervise of great sanctity one morning had the of leading papers, be should fiod friends ready misfortune as he took up a crystal cup, which was enough to carry on the work. Having by this consecrated to the prophet, to let it fall upon the means got bis vessel launched and set afloat, be bath ground, and dash it in pieces. His son coming in committed the steerage of it, from time to time, to some time after, he stretched out his hands to bless such as he thought capable of conducting it. him, as his manner was every morning; but the The close of this volume, which the town may vouth going out stumbled over the threshold and now expect in a little time, may possibly ascribe broke his arm. As the old man wondered at these each sheet to its proper author. events, a caravan passed by in its way from Mecca: It were no hard task to continue this paper a conthe dervise approached it to beg a blessing; but as siderable time longer by the help of large contribuhe stroked one of the holy camels, he received a tions sent from unknown hands. kick from the beast that sorely bruised him. His I cannot give the town a better opinion of the sorrow and amazement increased upon him until he Spectator's correspondents than by publishing the recollected that, through hurry and inadvertency, following letter, with a very fine copy of verses upon he had that morning come abroad without washing a subject perfectly new :his hands.

“ Mr. SPECTATOR, Dublin, Nov. 30, 1714

“ You lately recommended to your female readers No. 632.) MONDAY, DECEMBER, 13, 1714. the good old custom of their grandmothers, who used - Explebo numerum, reddarque tenebris. to lay out a great part of their time in needlework.

VIRG. Æn. vi. 545. I entirely agree with you in your sentiments, and the number I'll complete,

think it would not be of less advantage to tbemThen to obscurity well pleas'd retreat

selves and their posterity, than to the reputation of The love of symmetry and order, which is natural many of their good neighbours, if they passed many to the mind of man, betrays him sometimes into very of those hours in this innocent entertainment which whimsical fancies. “ This noble principle,” says a are lost at the tea-table. I would, however, bumbly French author, “ loves to amuse itself on the most offer to your consideration the case of the poetical trifling occasions. You may see a profound philo- ladies; who, though they may be willing to take sopher," says he, "walk for an hour together in his any advice given them by the Spectator, yet cannet chamber, and industriously treading, at every step, so easily quit their pen and ink as you may imagine. upon every other board in the flooring.” Every Pray allow them, at least now and then, to indulge reader will recollect several instances of this nature themselves in other amusements of fancy when they without my assistance. I think it was Gregorio are tired with stooping to their tapestry. There is a Leti, who had published as many books as he was very particular kind of work, which of late several years old ;* which was a rule he had laid down and ladies here in our kingdom are very fond of, which punctually observed to the year of his death. It seems very well adapted to a poetical genius: it is was, perhaps, a thought of the like nature which the making of grottos. I know a lady who bas a determined Homer himself to divide each of his very beautiful one, composed by herself; nor is there poems into as many books as there are letters in the one shell in it not stuck up by her own bands. I Greek alphabet. Herodotus has in the same man- bere send you a poem to the fair architect, which I ner adapted his books to the number of the Muses, would not offer to herself, until I knew wbether this for which reason many a learned man hath wished method of a lady's passing her time were approved that there had been more than nine of that sister- of by the British Spectator; which, with the poem, hood.

I submit to your censure, who am, Several epic poets have religiously followed Vir

“ Your constant Reader gil as to the number of bis books; and even Milton

“and bumble Servant, is thought by many to bave changed the number of

“ A, B." his books from ten to twelve for no other reason; as

ON HER GROTTO Cowley tells us it was his design, had he finished

A grotto so complete, with such design. his Davideis, to have also imitated the Æneid in What hands, Calypso, could have form d but thine! this particular. I believe every one will agree with

Each chequer'd pebble, and each shining shell,

So well proportion'd and dispos'd so well, me that a perfection of this nature hath no founda

Surprising lustre from thy thought receive, tion in reason; and, with due respect to these Assuming beauties more than Nature gave. great names, may be looked upon as something

To her their various shapes and glossy hue,

Their curious symmetry they owe to you. whimsical.

Not fam'd Amphion's lute, whose powerful call
I mention these great examples in defence of my Made willing stones dance to the Theban wall,
bookseller, who occasioned this eighth volume of In more harmonious ranks could make them fall
Spectators, because, as be said, he thought seven

Not evening cloud a brighter arch can shew,

Nor richer colours paint the heavenly bow. very odd number. On the other side several grave reasons were urged on this important subject; as,

Where can unpolish'd nature boast a piece

In all her mossy cells exact as this? in particular, that seven was the precise number of

At the gay parti-colour'd scene we start, the wise men, and that the most beautiful constella- For chance too regular, too rude for art tion in the heavens was composed of seven stars. Charm'd with the sight, my ravish'd breast is hrd This he allowed to be true, but still insisted that With hints like those which ancient bards inspir'd;

All the feign'd tales by superstition told.

All the bright train of fabled nymphs of old, • This voluminous writer bonsted that he had been the ap- Th' enthusiastic Muse believes are true. thor of a book and the father of a child for twenty years suc- Thinks the spot sacred, and its genius you: cessively. Swift counted the number of steps he had made Lost in wild raptures would she fain disclose from London to Chelsea. And it is said and demonstrated in How by degrees the pleasing wooder rose : the Parentalia, that Bishop Wren walked round the earth Industrious in a faithful verse to trace while a prisoner in the Tower of London

The various beauties of the lovely place :


And, while she keeps the glowing work in view, i power of moving the affections. There is another
Through every maze thy artful hand pursue.

part of eloquence which is indeed its master-piece: O, were I equal to the bold design,

I mean the marvellous, or sublime. In this the
Or could I boast such happy art as thine,
That could rude shells in such sweet order place,

Christian orator has the advantage beyond contra-
Give common objects such uncommon grace;

diction. Our ideas are so infinitely enlarged by Like them, my well chose words in every line

revelation, the eye of reason has so wide a prospect As sweetly teniper'd should as sweetly shine.

into eternity, the notions of a Deity are so worthy So just a fancy should my numbers warm, Like the gay piece should the description charm.

and refined, and the accounts we have of a state of Then with superior strength my voice I'd raise,

happiness or misery so clear and evident, that the The echoing grotto should approve my lays,

contemplation of such objects will give our discourse Pleas'd to reflect the well-sung founder's praise.

a noble vigour, an invincible force, beyond the power

of any human consideration. Tully requires in his No. 633.) WEDNESDAY, DEC. 15, 1714.

perfect orator some skill in the nature of heavenly

bodies; because, says he, bis mind will become more Omnia profecto, cum se a cælestibus rebus referet ad bumanas, extensive and unconfined; and when he descends

excelsius magnificentiusque et dicet et sentiel-CICERO. to treat of human affairs he will both think and The contemplation of celestial things will make a man both write in a more exalted and magnificent manner. speak and think more sublimely and magnificently when he For the same reason that excellent master would descends to human affairs

have recommended the study of those great and The following discourse is printed, as it caine to glorious mysteries which revelation has discovered my hands, without variation :

to us; to which the noblest parts of this system of

the world are as much interior as the creature is less “ Cambridge, Dec. 12. excellent than its Creator. The wisest and most " It was a very common inquiry among the an.

knowing among the beathens had very poor and imEs cients why the number of excellent orators, under perfect notions of a future state. They had indeed

all the encouragements the most flourishing states some uncertain hopes, either received by tradition, could give them, fell so far short of the number of or gathered by reason, that the existence of virtuous those who excelled in all other sciences. A friend men would not be determined by the separation of

of mine used merrily to apply to this case an obser- soul and body; but they either disbelieved a future Si vation of Herodotus, who says that the most useful state of punishment and misery; or, upon the same animals are the most fruitful in their generation;

account that Apelles painted Antigonus with one whereas the species of those beasts that are fierce side only towards the spectator, that the loss of his and mischievous to mankind are but scarcely con- eye might not cast a blemish upon the whole piece; tinued. The bistorian instances a hare, which also these represented the condition of man in its ways either breeds or brings forth; and a lioness fairest view, and endeavoured to conceal what they which brings forth but once, and then loses all power thought was a deformity to buman nature. I have of conception. But leaving my friend to his mirth, often observed, that whenever the above-mentioned I am of opinion that in these latter ages we have orator in his philosophical discourses is led by his greater cause of complaint than the ancients had. argument to the mention of immortality, he seems And since that solemn festival is approaching, like one awaked out of sleep; roused and alarmed which calls for all the power of oratory, and which with the dignity of the subject, he stretches his ima. affords as noble a subject for the pulpit as any reve- gination to conceive something uncommon, and, lation has taught us, the design of this paper shall with the greatness of his thoughts, casts, as it were, be to show, that our moderns have greater advan- a glory round the sentence. Uncertain and un. tages towards true and solid eloquence, than any settled as he was, he seems fired with the contemwhich the celebrated speakers of antiquity enjoyed. plation of it. And nothing but such a glorious pros.

" The first great and substantial difference is that pect could have forced so great a lover of truth as their common-places, in which almost the whole he was to declare his resolution never to part with force of amplification consists, were drawn from the his persuasion of immortality, though it should be profit or honesty of the action, as they regarded proved to be an erroneous one. But had he lived only this present state of duration. But "Chris- to see all that Christianity has brought to light, how tianity, as it exalts morality to a greater perfection, would be bave lavished out all the force of eloquence as it brings the consideration of another life into in those noblest contemplations which human nathe question, as it proposes rewards and punishments ture is capable of, the resurrection, and the judgof a higher nature and a longer continuance, is more ment that follows it! How had his breast glowed adapted to affect the minds of the audience, natu- with pleasure, when the whole compass of futurity rally inclined to pursue what it imagines its greatest lay open and exposed to his view! How would his interest and concern.

If Pericles, as historians re- imagination bave hurried him on in the pursuit of port, could shake the firmest resolutions of his the mysteries of the incarnation! How would he hearers, and set the passious of all Greece in a fer- have entered, with the force of lightning, into the ment, when the present welfare of his country, or affections of his hearers, and fixed their attention in the fear of hostile invasions, was the subject; what spite of all the opposition of corrupt nature, upon may be expected from that orator who warns his those glorious themes which his eloquence bath audience against those evils which have no remedy, painted in such lively and lasting colours ! when once undergone, either from prudence or time?

“ This advantage Christians have; and it was As much greater as the evils in a future state are with no small pleasure I lately met with a fragment than these at present, so much are the motives to of Longinus, which is preserved, as a testimony of persuasion under Christianity greater than those that critic's judgment, at the beginning of a manuwhich mere moral consideratio us could supply us script of the New Testament in the Vatican library. with But what I now mention relates only to the After that author bas numbered up the most cele

brated orators among the Grecians, he says, 'add to these Paul of Tarsus, the patron of an opinion


. Christmas


not yet fully proved.' As a heathen he condemns they made human nature resemble the divine. How the Christian religion ; and, as an impartial critic, much mistaken soever they might be in the several he judges in favour of the promoter and preacher means they proposed for this end, it must be owned of it. To me it seems that the latter part of his that the design was great and glorious. The finest judgment adds great weight to bis opinion of St. works of invention and imaginatiou are of very little Paul's abilities, since, under all the prejudice of weight when put in the balance with what refines opinions directly opposite, he is constrained to ac- and exalts the rational mind. Longidus excuses knowledge the merit of that apostle. And, no Homer very handsomely, when be says the post doubt, such as Longinus describes St. Paul, such he made his gods like men, that he inight make his mes appeared to the inhabitants of those countries which appear like the gods. But it must be allowed that he visited and blessed with those doctrines he was several of the ancient philosophera acted as Cicero divinely commissioned to preach. Sacred story wishes Homer had done: they endeavoured rather gives us, in one circumstance, a convincing proof of to make men like gods than gods like men. his eloquence, when the men of Lystra called him. According to this general maxim in philosophy, Mercury, because he was the chief speaker,' and some of them have endeavoured to place men in would have paid divine worship to him, as to the god such a state of pleasure, or indolence at least, a who invented and presided over eloquence. This they vainly imagined the happiness of the Supreme one account of our apostle, sets his character, con- Being to consist in. On the other hand, the most sidered as an orator only, above all the celebrated virtuous sect of philosophers have created a chimerirelations of the skill and influence of Demosthenes cal wise man, whom they made exempt from passion and his contemporaries. Their power in speaking and pain, and thought it enough to pronounce bin was admired, but still it was thought buman; their all-sufficient. eloquence warmed and ravished the hearers, but still This last character, when divested of the glare a it was thought the voice of man, not the voice of human philosophy that surrounds is signifies » God. What advantage then had St. Paul above more than that a good and wise man should so are those of Greece or Rome! I confess I can ascribe himself with patience as not to yield tamely to the this excellence to nothing but the power of the doc-violence of passion and pain; that he should leana trines he delivered, which may have still the same so to suppress and contract his desires as to have influence on the hearers, which have still the power, few wants; and that he should cherish so many rir. when preached by a skilful orator, to make us break tues in his soul as to have a perpetual source of plea out in the same expressions as the disciples who met sure in himself. our Saviour in their way to Emmaus made use of: The Christian religion requires that, after having • Did not our hearts burn within us when he talked framed the best idea we are able of the divide Da to us by the way, and while he opened to us the ture, it should be our next care to conform ourselve Scriptures ?' I may be thought bold in my judg- to it as far as our imperfections will permit I ment by some, but I must affirm that no one orator might mention several passages in the sacred Trihas left us so visible marks and footsteps of his elo- tings on this head, to which I might add many quence as our apostle. It may perhaps be wondered maxims and wise sayings of moral authors among at, that, in his reasonings upon idolatry at Athens, the Greeks and Romans. where eloquence was born and flourished, he con- I shall only instance a remarkable passage, to fines himself to strict argument only; but my reader this purpose, out of Julian's Cæsars. The emperor may remember, what many authors of the best having represented all the Roman emperors, with credit have assured us, that all attempts upon the Alexander the Great, as passing in review before affections, and strokes of oratory, were expressly the gods, and striving for the superiority, lets them forbidden by the laws of that country in courts of all drop, excepting Alexander, Julius Cæsar, Aljudicature. His want of eloquence therefore here gustus Cæsar, Trajan, Marcus Aurelius, and Con was the effect of his exact conformity to the laws; stantine. Each of these great heroes of antiquity but his discourse on the resurrection to the Corinth- lays in his claim for the upper place; and, in order ians, his harangue before Agrippa upon his own to it, sets fortb his actions after the most advantageous conversion, and the necessity of that of others, are manner. But the gods, instead of being dazzled truly great, and may serve as full examples to those with the lustre of their actions, inquire by Mercury excellent rules for the sublime, which the best of into the proper motive and governing principle that critics has left us. The sum of all this discourse is, influenced them throughout the whole series of their that our clergy have no further to look for an ex- lives and exploits. Alexander tells them that his ample of the perfection they may arrive at, than to aim was to conquer; Julius Casar, that his was to St. Paul's harangues ; that when he, under the want gain the highest post in his country; Augustas, to of several advantages of nature, as he bimself tells govern well; Trajan, that his was the same as that us, was heard, admired, and made a standard to suc- of Alexander, namely, to conquer. The question, ceeding ages, by the best judges of a different per- at length, was put to Marcus Aurelius, who replied, suasion in religion; I say, our clergy may learn, with great modesty, that it had always been his care that however instructive their sermons are, they are to imitate the gods. This conduct seems to have capable of receiving a great addition : which St. gained him the most votes and best place in the Paul has given them a noble example of, and the whole assembly. Marcus Aurelius being afterward Christian religion has furnished them with certain asked to explain himself, declares that, by imitating means of attaining to.”

the gods, he endeavoured to imitate them in the use of his understanding, and of all other faculties :

and in particular, that it was always his study to No. 634.) FRIDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1714. bave as few wants as possible in himself, and to de

all the good he could to others. The fewer our wants, the nearer we resemble the gods.

Among the many methods by which revealed reIt was the common boast of the heathen philoso-ligion has advanced morality, this is one, that it has phers, that by the efficacy of their several doctrines, I given us a more just and perfect idea of that Being


whom every reasonable creature ought to imitate. and desires. He can have no greater pleasure from The young man, in a heathen comedy, migbt justify a bare review of his works than from the survey of his lewdness by the example of Jupiter; as, indeed, his own ideas; but we may be assured that he is there was scaroe any crime that might not be coun- well pleased in the satisfaction derived to beings catepanced by those notions of the deity, which pre- pable of it, and for whose entertainment he hath vailed among the common people in the heathen erected this immense theatre. Is not this more than world. Revealed religion sets forth a proper object an intimation of our immortality ? Man, who, for imitation in that Being who is the pattern, as when considered as on his probation for a happy well as the source, of all spiritual perfection. existence hereafter, is the most remarkable instance

While we remain in this life we are subject to in- of divine wisdom ; if we cut him off from all relanumerable temptations, which, if listened to, will tion to eternity, is the most wonderful and unacmake us deviate from reason and goodness, the only countable composition in the whole creation. He things wherein we can imitate the Supreme Being. bath capacities to lodge a much greater variety of In the next life we meet with nothing to excite our knowledge thap he will be ever master of, and an iaclinations that doth not deserve them. I shall unsatistied curiosity to tread the secret paths of natherefore dismiss my reader with this maxim, viz. ture and providence; but with this, his organs, in “Our happiness in this world proceeds from the their present structure, are rather fitted to serve the suppression of our desires, but in the next world necessities of a vile body, than to minister to his unfrom the gratification of them.”

derstanding; and from the little spot to which he is chained, he can frame but wandering guesses con

cerning the innumerable worlds of light that encomNo. 635.] MONDAY, DECEMBER 20, 1714. pass him; which, though in themselves of a prodiSentio te sedem hominum ac domum contemplari; quæ si tibi gious bigness, do but just glimmer in the remote

parsa (ut est) ita videtur, hæc ccelestia semper spectato: spaces of the heavens : and when, with a great deal La humana contemnito.-CICERO Soma. Scip.

of time and pains, he bath laboured a little way up 1 perceive you contemplate the seat and habitation of men; the steep ascent of truth, and þeholds with pity the whicb if it appears as little to you as it really is, fix your grovelling multitude beneath, in a moment his foot

eyes perpetuatiy upon heavenly objects, and despise earthly.slides, and he tumbles down headlong into the grave. The following essay comes from the ingenious “ Thinking on this, I am obliged to believe, in author of the letter upon novelty, printed in a late justice to the Creator of the world, that there is anSpectator : the notions are drawn from the Platonic other state when man shall be better situated for way of thinking; but, as they contribute to raise the contemplation, or rather have it in his power to remind, and may inspire noble sentiments of our own move from object to object, and from world to world; future grandeur and happiness, I think it well de- and be accommodated with senses and other helps, serves to be presented to the public :

for making the quickest and most amazing disco“ If the universe be the creature of an intelligent veries. How doth such a genius as Sir Isaac Newmind, this mind could have no immediate regard to ton, from amidst the darkness that involves human himself in producing it. He needed not to make understanding, break forth, and appear like one of trial of his omnipotence to be informed what effects another species ! The vast machine we inhabit lies were within its reach: the world, as existing in his open to him; he seems not unacquainted with the eternal idea, was then as beautiful as now it is general laws that govern it: and while with the drawn forth into being; and in the immense abyss transport of a philosopher he beholds and admires of his essence are contained far brighter scenes than the glorious work, he is capable of paying at once a will be ever set forth to view ; it being impossible more devout and more rational homage to his Maker. that the great author of nature should bound his But, alas ! how parrow is the prospect even of such own power by giving existence to a system of crea- a mind! And how obscure to the compass that is tures so perfect that he cannot improve upon it by taken in by the ken of an angel, or of a soul but any other exertions of his almighty will. "Between newly escaped from its imprisonment in the body! finite and infinite there is an unmeasurable interval For my part, I freely indulge my soul in the confiDot to be filled up in endless ages; for which reason dence of its future grandeur; it pleases me to think the most excellent of all God's works must be that I, who know so small a portion of the works of equally short of what his power is able to produce the Creator, and with slow and painful steps creep as the most imperfect, and may be exceeded with up and down on the surface of this globe, shall ere the same ease.

long shoot away with the swiftness of imagination, “ This thought hath made some imagine (what it trace out the hidden springs of nature's operations, must be confessed is not impossible), that the un- be able to keep pace with the heavenly bodies in the fathomed space is ever teeming with new births, the rapidity of their career, be a spectator of the long younger still inheriting a greater perfection than chain of events in the natural and moral worlds, the elder. But, as this doth not fall within my pre- visit the several apartments of creation, know how sent view, I shall content myself with taking notice they are furnished and how inhabited, comprehend that the consideration now mentioned proves unde- the order, and measure the magnitudes and distance niably, that the ideal worlds in the divine under- of those orbs, which to us seem disposed without any standing yield a prospect incomparably more ample, regular design, and set all in the same circle; ubvarious, and delightful, than any created world can serve the dependance of the parts of each system, do : and that there ore, as it is not to be supposed and (if our minds are big enough to grasp the that God should make a world merely of inanimate theory) of the several systems upon one another, matter, however diversified, or inhabited ouly by from whence results the harmony of the universe. creatures of no bigher an order than brutes, so the In eternity a great deal may be done of this kind. end for which he designed his reasonable offspring I find it of use to cherish this generous ambition; is the contemplation of his works, the enjoyinent of for besides the secret refreshment it diffuses through bimself, and in both to be happy; having, to this my soul, it engages me id au endeavour to improve perpose, endowed them with correspondent faculties my faculties, as well as t exercise them conforu SP.CTATOR—No. 90 & 91.

3 A

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