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Teu thousand sweet pleasures I felt in my breast;

No. 604.] FRIDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1714.
Sure never fond shepherd like Colin was blest;
But now she is gone, and has left me behind ;

Tu ne quæsieris (scire nefas) quem mihi. quem ibi,
What a marvellous change on a sudden I find !

Finem Dij dederint, Leuconoe : nee Babylonior When things were as fine as could possibly be,

Tentaris numeros

Hor. 103
I thought iwas the spring; bll, alas' it was she.

Ah, do not strive too much to know,
II

My dear Leuconoe.
With such a companion, to tend a few sheep,

What the kind gods design to cio
To rise up and play, or to lie down and sleep,

With me and thee.-Critea.
I was so good-humour'd, so cheerful and gay,
My heart was as light as a feather all day;

Tue desire of knowing future events is one of
But now I so cross and so peevish am grown,

the strongest inclinations in the mind of man. IsSo strangely uneasy, as never was known. My fair-one is gone, and my joys are all drown'd,

deed, an ability of foreseeing probable accidents 2 And my heart-I am sure it weighs more than a pound. what, in the language of men, is called wisdom and III.

prudence; but, not satisfied with the ligot that The fountain that wont to run sweetly along,

reason bolds out, mankind hath endeavoured And dance to soft murmurs the pebbles among :

penetrate more compendiously into futurity. Mags, Thou know'st, little Cupid, if Phæbe was there,

oracles, omens, lucky hours, and the various arts of 'Twas pleasure to look at, 'twas music to hear :

superstition, owe their rise to this powerful cases. But now she is absent I walk by its side, And still as it murmurs do nothing but chide.

As this principle is founded in self-love, every man Must you be so cheerful while I go in pain?

is sure to be solicitous in the first place about by Peace there with your bubbling, and hear me complain.

own fortune, the course of his life, and the time and IV

manner of his death. When my lambkins around me would oftentimes play, If we consider that we are free-agents, we sha! And when Phưebe and I were as joyful as they.

discover the absurdity of such inquiries. One of How pleasant their sporting, how happy the time, When spring, love, and beauty were all in their prime :

our actions, which we might have performed cr But now in their frolics when by me they pass,

neglected, is the cause of another that succeeds it, I fling at their fleeces a handful of grass :

and so the whole chain of life is linked together. Be still, then I cry; for it makes me quite mad, To see you so merry while I am so sad.

Pain, poverty, or infamy, are the natural product v.

of vicious and imprudent acts, as the contrary My dog I was over well pleased to see

blessings are of good ones; so that we cannot sa Come wagging his tail to my fair one and me;

pose our lot to be determined without impiety. A And Phoebe was pleased, too, and to my dog said,

great enhancement of pleasure arises from its being Come hither, poor fellow; and patted his head.

unexpected; and pain is doubled by being foreseen. But now, when he's sawning, I with a sour look Cry, Sirrah! and give him a blow with my crook :

Upon all these, and several other accounts, And I'll give him another; for why should not Tray ought to rest satisfied in this portion bestowed a Be as duil as his master, when Phæbe's away?

us; to adore the hand that hath fitted every thing to VI.

our nature, and hath not more displayed his good
When walking with Phæbe, what sights have I seen! ness in our knowledge than in our iguorance.
How fair was the flower, how fresh was the green!
What a lovely appearance the trees and the shade,

It is not unworthy observation, that superstition
The corn-fields and hedges, and every thing made!

inquiries into future events prevail more or less, ia But now she has left me, though all are still there, proportion to the improvement of liberal arts and They none of them now so delighiful appear :

useful knowledge in the several parts of the world 'Twas nought but the magic, I find, of her eyes, Made so many beautiful prospects arise.

Accordingly we find, that magical incantations VII.

main in Lapland; in the more remote parts Sweet music went with us both all the wood thro',

Scotland they have their second sight; and serenal The lark, linnet, throstle, and nightingale too;

of our own countrymen see abundance of fairie. Winds over us whisper'd, flocks by us did bleat,

Jo Asia this credulity is strong; and the greates!
And chirp went the grasshopper under our feet.
But now she is absent, though still they sing on,

part of refined learning there consists in the koor The woods are but lonely, the melody's gone :

ledge of amulets, talismans, occult numbers, ssd Iler voice in the concert, as now I have found,

the like. Gave every thing else its agreeable sound.

When I was at Grand Cairo I fell into the acVIII.

quaintance of a good-natured mussulman, wbo Ruse, what is become of thy delicate hue ?

promised me many good offices which he designed And where is the violet's beautiful blue ? Does ought of its sweetness the blossom beguile?

to do me when he became the prime minister, which That meadow, those daisies, why do they not smile ? was a fortune bestowed on his imagination by Ah! rivals, I see what it was that you dressid

doctor very deep in the curious sciences. Al bus And made yourselves fine for; a place on her breast; You put on your colours to pleasure her eye,

repeated solicitations I went to learn my desting of To be pluck'd by her hand, on her bosom to die.

this wonderful sage. For a small sum I had his IX.

promise, but was required to wait in a dark apartHow slowly Time creeps, till my Phoebe return !

ment until he had run through the preparatory While amidst the soft zephyris cool breezes I burn! ceremonies. Having a strong propensity, erea Methinks if I knew whereabouts he would tread,

then, to dreaming, I took a nap upon the sofa were I could breathe on his wings, and twould melt down the lead. Fly swifter, ye minutes, bring hither my dear,

I was placed, and had the following vision, the parAnd rest so much longer for l when she is here.

ticulars whereof I picked up the other day among Ah, Colin! old Time is full of delay,

my papers. Nor will budge one foot faster for all thou canst say.

I found myself in an unbounded plain, where х

methought the whole world, in several habits and Will no pitying power that hears me complain, Or cure my disquiet, or soften my pain ?

with different tongues, was assembled. The mul. To be cur'd, thou must, Colin, thy passion remove;

titude glided swiftly along, and I found in myself a But what swain is so silly to live without love?

strong inclination to mingle in the train. My eyes No, deity, bid the dear nymph to return, For ne'er was poor shepherd so sadly forlom.

quickly singled out some of the splendid figures

. Ah! what shall I do? I shall die with despair !

Several in orich caftans and glittering turhaks Take heed, all ye swains, how ye love one so fair. bustled through the throng, and trampled over the

THE SPECTATOR.

I have a

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budies of those they threw down; until, to my great to it, with both of which I shall here present my surprise, I found that the great pace they went only reader :hastened them to a scaffold or a bowstring. Many “ MR. SPECTATOR, beautiful damsels on the other side moved forward “Finding that you have entertained a useful with great gaiety; some danced until they fell all persou in your service in quality of love-casuist, I along; and others painted their faces until they apply myself to you, under a very great difficulty, lost their noses,

A tribe of creatures with busy that hath for some months perplexed me. looks falling into a fit of laughter at the misfortunes couple of humble servants, one of which I have no of the unhappy ladies, I turned my eyes upon them. aversion to: the other I think of very kindly. The They were each of them filling his pockets with first hath the reputation of a man of good sense,

and gold and jewels, and when there was no room left is one of those people that your sex are apt to for more, these wretches, looking round with fear value. My spark is reckoned a coxcomb among and horror, pined away before my face with famine the men, but is a favourite of the ladies. If I and disconteat.

marry the man of worth as they call him, I shall This prospect of human misery struck me dumb oblige my parents, and improve my fortune : but for some miles. Then it was that, to disburden my with my dear beau I promise myself happiness, mind, I took pen and ink, and did every thing that although not a jointure. Now I would ask you, bas since happened under my office of Spectator. whether I should consent to lead my life with a While I was employing myself for the good of man- man that I have only no objection to, or with hin kind, I was surprised to meet with very unsuitable against whom all objections to me appear frivolous. returns from my fellow-creatures. Never was poor I am determined to follow the casuist's advice, and author so beset with pamphleteers, who sometimes I dare say he will not put ine upon so serious a marched directly against me,

but oftener shot at me thing as matrimony contrary to my inclinations. from strong bulwarks, or rose up suddenly in

“I am, &c.

“ FANNY FICKLE, ambush. They were of all characters and capaci- P. S. I forgot to tell you that the pretty genties; some with ensigns of dignity, and others in tleman is the most complaisant creature in the liveries; but what most surprised me was to see world, and is always of my mind; but the other, two or three in black gowns among my enemies. It forsooth, fancies he hath as much wit as myself

, Fas no small trouble to me, sometimes to have a slights my lapdog, and hath the insolence to contramao come up to me with an angry face, and re- dict me when he thinks I am not in the right. proach me for having lampooned him when I had About half an hour ago he maintained to my face pever seen or heard of him in my life. With the that a patch always implies a pimple.” ladies it was otherwise ; many became my enemies As I look upon it to be my duty rather to side for not being particularly pointed out: as there with the parents than the daughter, I shall propose were others who resented the satire which they some considerations to my gentle querist, which imagined I had directed against them. My great may incline her to comply with those under whose comfort was in the company of half a dozen friends, direction she is; and at the same time convince who I found since were the club which I have so her that it is not impossible but she may, in time, often mentioned in my papers. I laughed often at have a true affection for him who is at preseat inSir Roger in my sleep, and was the more diverted different to her; or, to use the old family maxim, with Will Honeycomb's gallantries (when we after that, if she marries first, love will come after.” ward became acquainted), because I had foreseen The only objection that she seems to insinuate his marriage with a farmer's daughter. The regret against the gentleman proposed to her, is his want which arose in my mind upon the death of my com- of complaisance, which, i perceive, she is very panions, my anxieties for the public, and the many willing to return. Now I can discover from this calamities still fleeting before my eyes, made me very circumstance, that she and her lover, whatrepent my curiosity; when the magician entered ever they may think of it, are very good friends in the room, and awakened me, by telling me (when their hearts. It is difficult to determine whether it was too late) that he was just going to begin. love delights more in giving pleasure or pain. Let

N. B. I have only delivered the prophecy of that Miss Fickle ask her own heart, if she doth not take part of my life which is past, it being inconvenient a secret pride in making this man of good sense to divulge the second part until a more proper op- look very silly. Hath she ever been better pleased portunity.

than when her behaviour hath made her lover ready to hang himself; or doth she ever rejoice more than

when she thinks she hath driven him to the very No. 605.1 MONDAY, OCTOBER 11, 1714. brink of a purling stream ? Let her consider, at

the same time, that it is not impossible but her lover Eruerint sylvestrem animum; cultuque frequenti, lo quascunque voces artes, haud tarda sequentur.

may have discovered her tricks, and hath a mind to

Virg. Georg. ii. 51. give her as good as she brings. I remember a They change their savage mind,

handsome young baggage that treated a hopeful Their wildness lose, and, quitting nature's part, Greek of my acquaintance, just come from Oxford,

Obey the rules and discipline of art.-DRYDEN. as if he had been a barbarian. The first week after Having perused the following letter, and finding his rival's box, and apparently touched the enemy's

she had fixed him she took a pinch of snuff out of it to run upon the subject of love, I referred it to little finger. She became a professed enemy to the the learned casuist, whom I have retained in my arts and sciences, and scarce ever wrote a letter lo serviee for speculations of that kind. He returned

The it to be the next morning with his report annexed him without wilfully mispelling his name.

young scholar, to be even with her, railed at mistration 3 the last year of the Queen's reign. Dr Swift, and pleasure of the town. After having irritated The hirelings and black gowns ciuployed by the admi. coquettes ar soon as he had got the word ; and did

not want parts to turn into ridicule her men of wit , , Dr. , Oldsworth, Mrs. D. Mauley, and the writers of the Examiner, &c.

one another for ihe space of five months, she mads

1

a

mean time at home

an assignation with him fourscore miles from Lon-sooner dark than she conveyed into his room a don. But, as he was very well acquainted with her young maid of no disagreeable figure, who was me pranks, he took a journey the quite contrary way. I of her attendants, and did not want address to im. Accordingly they met, quarrelled, and in a few days prove the opportunity for the advancement of her were married. Their former hostilities are now the fortune. She made so good use of her time, tbat subject of their mirth, being content at present with when she offered to rise a little before day, the king that part of love only which bestows pleasure. could by no means think of parting with her; sa

Women who have been married some time, not that finding herself under a necessity of discovering having it in their heads to draw after them a who she was, she did it in so handsome a manger, mumerous train of followers, find their satisfaction that his majesty was exceedingly gracious to her, in the possession of one man's heart. I know very and took her ever after under his protection : insa well that ladies in their bloom desire to be excused much, that our chronicles tell us he carried ber in this particular. But, when time hath worn out along with him, made her his first minister of state, tbeir natural vanity and caught them discretion, and continued true to her alone, until his marriage their fonduess settles on its proper object. And it with the beautiful Elfrida. is probably for this reason that, among busbands, you will find more that are fond of womeu beyond their prime than of those who are actually in the No. 606.] WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1714. insolence of beauty. My reader will apply the same observation to the other sex.

Longum cantu solata laborem

Arguto conjux percurrit pectine telas-Virg. Georg. i 293. I veed not insist upon the necessity of their pursuing one common interest, and their united care The good wise singing plies the various loom, for their children; but shall only observe, by the “ MR. SPECTATOR, way, that married persons are both more warm in their love and more hearty in their hatred than any

“ I have a couple of nieces under my direction, others whatsoever. Mutual favours and obligations, who so often run gadding abroad, that I do not which may be supposed to be greater here than in know where to have them. Their dress, their tea, any other state, naturally beget an intense affection and their visits, take up all their time, and they go in generous minds. As, on the contrary, persons to bed as tired with doing nothing as I am alter who have bestowed such favours have a particular quilting a whole under-petticoat. The only time bitterness in their resentments, when they think they are not idle is while they read your Speciators; themselves ill treated by those of whom they have which being dedicated to the interests of virtue, I deserved so much.

desire you to recommend the long-neglected art of Besides, Miss Pickle may consider, that as there needle-work. Those hours which in this age are are often many faults concealed before marriage, so thrown away in dress, play, visits, and the like, there are sometimes many virtues unobserved.

were employed, in my time, in writing out receipts, To this we may add, the great efficacy of custom or working beds, chairs, and hangings for the family and constant conversation to produce a mutual For my part, I have plied my needle these fifiy friendship and benevolence in two persons. It is a years, and by my good-will would never have it out nice reflection which I have heard a friend of mine of my hand. It grieves my heart to see a couple of make, that you may be sure a woman loves a man proud idle firts sipping their tea, for a whole afterwhen she uses bis expressions, tells his stories, or noon, in a room bung round with the industry of imitates his manner. This gives a secret delight; their great-grandmother. Pray, Sir, take the laudfor imitation is a kind of artless fattery, and able mystery of embroidery into your serious consimightily favours the powerful principle of self

. love. deration, and, as you have a great deal of the virtue It is certain that married persons who are possessed of the last age in you, continue your endeavours to with a mutual esteem, not only catch the air and reform the present.

I am," &c. way of talk from one another, but fall into the same

In obedience to the commands of my venerable traces of thinking and liking. Nay, some have correspondent, I have dály weighed this important carried the remark so far as to assert, that the subject, and promise myself, from the arguments features of man and wife grow, in time, to resemble bere laid down, that all the fine ladies of England one another. Let my fair correspondent therefore will be ready, as soon as their mourning is over, consider, that the gentleman recommended will to appear covered with the work of their own hands. have a good deal of her own face in two or three

What a delightful entertainment must it be to the years; which she must not expect from the beau, fair sex, whom their native modesty, and the tenderwho is too fall of his

dear self to copy after another. Dess of men towards them, exempt from public busiAnd I dare appeal to her own judgment, if that ness, to pass their hours in imitating fruits and person will not be the handsomest that is the most flowers, and transplanting all the beauties of nature like herself. We bave a remarkable instance to our present their closets and apartments! How pleasing is the

into their own dress, or raising a new creation in purpose in the history of King Edgar, which I shall amusement of walking among the shades and groves here relate, and leave it with my fair correspondent planted by themselves, in surveying heroes slain by to be applied to herself. This great monarch, who is so famous in British brought into the world without pain !

their needle, or little Cupids which they have story, fell in love, as he made his progress through his kingdom, with a certain duke's daughter, who a lady can show a fine genius; and I cannot forbear

This is, metbinks, the most proper way wherein lived near Winchester, and was the most celebrated wishing that several writers of that sex bad chosen beauty of the age. His importunities and the vio- to apply themselves rather to tapestry than rhyme. lence of his passion were so great, that the mother your pastoral poetesses may vent their fancy in of the young

lady promised him to bring her daugh-rural landscapes, and place despairing shepherda ter to his bed the next night, though in her heart she abhorred so infamous an office. It was no • Public mourning ou the death of Queen Ande.

OviD, Ars Amor, i. I.

under silken willows, or drown them in a stream of

His limbs, when fate the hero's soul demands,

Shall claim this labour of his daughter's hands, mohair. The heroic writers may work up battles

Lest all the dames of Greece my name despise, as successfully, and inflame them with gold or stain

Whilst the great king without a covering lies." them with crimson. Even those who have only a Thus she. Nor did my friends mistrust the guile. turn to a song, or an epigram, may put many valu

All day she sped the long laborious toil:

But when the burning lamps supply'd the sun, able stitches into a purse, and crowd a thousand Each night unravelled what the day begun. graces into a pair of garters.

Three livelong summers did the fraud prevail; If I may, without breach of good manners, ima

The fourth her maidens told th' amazing tale. gine that any pretty creature is void of genius, and

These eyes beheld, as close I took my stand,

The backward labours of her faithless hand: would perform her part berein but very awkwardly, Till, watch'd at length, and press d on every side, I must nevertheless insist upon her working, if it be Her task she ended, and commenced a bride. only to keep her out of harm's way.

Another argument for busying good women in works of fancy is, because it takes them off from No. 607.] FRIDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1714. scandal, the usual attendant of tea-tables, and all

Dicite lo Pæan, et lo bis dicite Pæan: other inactive scenes of life. While they are form

Decidit ia casses præda petita meos. ing their birds and beasts, their neighbours will be allowed to be the fathers of their own children; and Now lo Pæan sing, now wreaths prepare, whig and tory will be but seldom mentioned where

And with repeated Ios fill the air;

The prey is fallen in my successful toils.-Asox. the great dispute is, whether blue or red is the more proper colour. How much greater glory wonld

“ MR. SPECTATOR, Sophronia do the general, if she would choose rather “ Having in your paper of Monday last published to work the battle of Blenheim in tapestry, than sig- my report on the case of Mrs. Fanny Fickle, wherenalize herself with so much rehemence against those in' I have taken notice that love comes after mar. who are Frenchmen in their hearts !

riage; I hope your readers are satisfied of this truth, A third reason that I shall mention, is the profit that as lore generally produces matrimony, so it that is brought to the family where these pretty arts often happens that matrimony produces love. are encouraged. It is manifest that this way of life " It perhaps requires more virtues to make a good not only keeps fair ladies from running out into ex-husband or wife than what go to the finishing any penses, but is at the same time an actual improve the most shining character whatsoever. inent. How memorable would that matron be, who “ Discretion seems absolutely necessary; and acshall bave it subscribed upon her monument, " that cordingly we find that the best husbands have been she wrought out the whole Bible in tapestry, and most famous for their wisdom. Homer, who hath died in a good old age, after having covered three drawn a perfect pattern of a prudent man, to make bundred yards of wail in the mansion-house !" it the more complete, hath celebrated him for the

The premises being considered, I bumbly submit jast returns of fidelity and truth to his Penelope ; the following proposals to all mothers in Great insomuch that he refused the caresses of a goddess Britain :

for her sake; and, to use the expression of the best 1. That no young virgin whatsoever be allowed to of Pagan authors, ' Vetulam suam prætulit immortalireceive the addresses of her first lover, but in a suit tati,' his old woman was dearer to him than immorof her own embroidering,

tality. II. That before every fresh humble servant, she “'Virtue is the next necessary qualification for be obliged to appear with a new stumacher at the this domestic character, as it naturally produces least.

constancy and mutual esteem. Thus Brutus and III. That no one be actually married until she Porcia were more remarkable for virtue and affechath the child-bed pillows, &c. ready stitched, as tion than any others of the age in which they lived. likewise the mantle for the boy quite finished. “ Good-nature is a third necessary ingredient in

These laws, if I mistake not, would effectually re- the marriage state, without which it would inevitastore the decayed art of needle-work, and make the bly sour upon a thousand occasions. When greatvirgins of Great Britain exceedingly nimble-fingered vess of mind is joined with this amiable quality, it in their business.

attracts the admiration and esteem of all wbo beThere is a memorable custom of the Greeian la-hold it. Thus Cæsar, not more remarkable for his dies in this particular preserved in Homer, which I fortune and valour than for his humanity, stole into hope will have a very good effeet with my country- the hearts of the Roman people, when, breaking women. A widow, in ancient times, could not, through the custom, he pronounced an oration at the without indecency, receive a second busband, until funeral of his first and best-loved wife. sbe bad woven a shroud for her deceased lord, or the “Good-nature is insufficient, unless it be steady next of kin to him. Accordingly, the chaste Pene- and uniform, and accompanied with an evenness of lope, having, as she thought; lost Ulysses at sea, she temper, which is above all things to be preserved in employed ber time in preparing a winding-sheet for this friendship contracted for life. A man must be Laertes, the father of her husband. The story of easy within himself before he can be so to his other her web being very famous, and yet not sufficiently self

. Socrates and Marcus Aurelius are instances known in its several circumstances, I shall give it of men, who by the strength of philosophy, having to my reader, as Homer makes one of her wooers entirely composed their minds, and subdued their relate it.

passions, are celebrated for good husbands; not

withstanding the first was yoked with Xantippe, Sweet hope she gave to every youth apart, With well-taught looks, and a deceitful heart:

and the other with Faustina. If the wedded pair A web she wove of many a slender twine,

would but babituate inemselves for the first year to Of curious texture, and perplext design;

bear with one another's faults, the difficulty would be " My youths," she cried, my lord but newly dead, Forbear a while to court my widow'd bed,

pretty well conquered. This mutual sweetness of 1911 I have wovon, as solemn rows require,

temper and complacency was finely recommended This web, a shroud for poor Ulysses' sire,

in the nuptial ceremonies among the heathens, who,

a

when they sacrificed to Juno at that solemnity, al- | brought to the hall-door, and shall there be laid ways tore out the gall from the entrails of the vic- upon one half-quarter of wheat, and upon one other tim, and cast it behind the altar.

of rye. And be that demandeth the tacon shall "I shall conclude this letter with a passage out kneel upon his knee, and shall hold his right hand of Dr. Plot's Natural History of Staffordshire, not upon a book, which book shall be laid upon the only as it will serve to fill up your present paper, bacon and the corn, and shall make oath in this but, if I find myself in the humour, may give rise to manner :another; I having by me an old register belonging " . Here ye, Sir Philip de Somervile, lord of to the place here under mentioned.

Whichenopre, mayntener and gyver of this baconne; “ Sir Pbilip de Somervile held the manors of that I, A. sithe I wedded B. my wife, and sithe I bad Whichenovre, Scirescot, Ridware, Netherton, and hyr in my kepying, and at my wylle by a year and Cowlee, all in the county of Stafford, of the earls of a day after our marriage, I would not have chaunged Lancaster, by this memorable service: The said Sir for none other; farer ne fowler; richer ne pourer; Philip shall find, maintain, and sustain, one bacon. ne for none other descended of greater lynage : Hitch, banging in his hall at Whichenovre ready slepying ne waking, at noo tyme. And if the seyd array'ed all times of the year but in Lent, to be B. were sole, and I sole, I would take her to be my given to every man or woman married, after the wyfe before all the wymen of the worlde, of what day and the year of their marriage be past, in form condiciones soever they be, good or evylle ; as help following

me God and his seyntes, and this filesh and all “ Whensoever that any one such before named feshes.' will come to inquire for the bacon, in their own “ And his neighbours sball make oath, that they persol, they shall come to the bailiff, or to the por- trust verily he hath said truly. And if it be found ter, of the lordship of Whichenovre, and shall say by his neighbours before named, that he be a freeto them in the manner as ensueth :

man, there shall be delivered to him half-a-quarter ". Bailiff, or porter, I doo you to know, that I am of wheat and a cheese; and if he be a villein, be come for myself to demand one bacon.flyke hanging shall have a quarter of rye without cheese. And in the hall of the lord of Whichenovre, after the then shall Knightleye, the lord of Rudlow, be called forin thereunto belonging.'

for to carry all these things tofore rehearsed; and “ After wbich relation, the bailiff or porter shall the said corn shall be laid on one horse, and the assigu a day to bim, upon promise hy his faith to bacon above it: and he to whom the bacon apperreturn, and with him to bring twain of his neigh- taineth shall ascend upon bis horse, and shall take bours. And in the mean time, the said bailiff shall the cheese before him if he have a horse. And if he take with him twain of the freeholders, of the lord- have none, the lord of Whichenovre shall cause him ship of Whichenovre, and they three shall go to the to have one horse and saddle, to such time as be be munor of Rudlow, belonging to Robert Knightleye, passed his lordship; and so shall they depart the and there shall summon the aforesaid Knightleye, manor of Whichenovre with the corn and the bacta, or his bailiff

, commanding him to be ready et tofore him that hath won it, with trumpets, taborets, Wichenovre the day appointed, at prime of day, and other manner of minstrelsy. And all the free with his carriage, ihat is to say, a horse and a tenants of Whichenovre shall conduct him to be saddle, a sack and a pryke, for to convey the said passed the lordship of whichenovre. And then bacon and corn a journey out of the county of Staf- shall they all return except him to whom apperford, at his costages. And then the said bailiff shall, taineth to make the carriage and journey without with the said freeholders, summon all the tenants of the county of Stafford, at the costs of his lord of the said manor, to be ready at the day appointed at Whichenovre.” Whichenovre, for to do and perform the services which they owe to the bacon. And at the day as. signed, all such as owe services the bacon shall

No. 608.] MONDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1711. be ready at the gate of the manor of Whichenovre,

Perjuria ridet amantum.-Ovid, Ars AMOT. 1. 633. from the sun-rising to noon, attending and awaiting

Forgiving with a smile for the coming of him who fetcheth the bacon.

The perjuries that easy maids beguile.-DRYDEN, And when he is come, there shall be delivered to

“ Mr. SPECTATOR, him and his fellows, chapelets, and to all those which “ According to my promise I herewith transmit shall be there, to do their services due to the bacon. to you a list of several persons, who from time to And they shall lead the said demandant with trumps time demanded the titub of bacon of Sir Philip de and tabors, and other manner of minstrelsy, to the Somervile, and his descendants; as it is preserved hall-door, where he shall find the lord of Whiche in an ancient manuscript, under the title of The novre, or his steward, ready to deliver the bacon in Register of Whichenovre-ball, and of the baconthis manner :

fitch there maintained.' “ He shall inquire of him which demandeth the “ In the beginning of this record, is recited the bacon, if he have brought twain of his neighbours law or institution in forın, as it is already printed in with him : which must answer they be here ready." your last paper : to which are added two bye-laws, And then the steward shall cause these two neigh- as a comment upon the general law, the substadte bours to swear, if the said demandant be a wedded whereof is, that the wife shall take the same oath-05 man, or have been a man wedded; and if since his the husband, mutatis mutundis ; and that the judges marriage one year and a day be past; and if he be shall, as they think meet, interrogate or cross-£XX a freeman or a villein.t And if his said neighbours mine the witnesses. After this proceeds the regio make oath that he hath for him all these three points ter in manner following: rehearsed, then shall the bacon be taken down and “ Aubry de Falstaff, son of Sir John Falstafl

, kt.

with dame Maude his wife, were the first that de There was an institution of the same kind at Duninow in manded the bacon, he having bribed twain of his Essex. 1 i. e. According to the acceptation of the word, at the date father's companions to swear falsely in his behoof

, of thus institation, "a freeman, or a servant."

whereby he gained the fitch but he and his said

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