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an open assault.


behold on that occasion. There lay in the body of Some indeed will affirm that they are a kind of Perithe piece a Venus, (under a purple canopy furled patetics, because we see them continually walking with curious wreaths of drapery,) half naked, attend-about. But I would have these gentlemen consider, ed with a train of Cupids, who were busied in fan- that though the ancient Peripatetics walked much, uing her as she slept. Behind her was drawn a yet they wrote much also ; witness to the sorrow of satyr peeping over the silken fence, and threatening this sect, Aristotle and others : whereas it is noioto break through it. I frequently offered to turn rious that most of our professors never lay out a farmy sight another way, but was still detained by the thing either in pen, ink, or paper. Others are for fascination of the Peeper's eyes, who had long prac- deriving them from Diogenes, because several of the tised a skill in them to recal the parting glances of leading men of the sect have a great deal of cynical her beholders. You see my complaint, and I hope humour in them, and delight much in sunshine. you will take these mischievous people, the Peepers, But then, again, Diogenes was content to have his into your consideration. I doubt not but you will constant habitation in a narrow tub, whilst our phithink a Peeper as much more pernicious than a losophers are so far from being of his opinion, that Starer, as an ambuscade is more to be feared than it is death to them to be contined within the limits

of a good handsome convenient chamber but for half "I am, Sir, your most obedient servant." an hour. Others there are, who from the clcarness This Peeper using both fan and eyes, to be consi- of their beads deduce the pedigree of loungers from dered as a Pict, and proceed accordingly.

that great man (I think it was either Plato or So“King LATINUS To The Spectator, Greeting, fessed, that all he then knew was, that he knew

crates) who, after all his study and learning, proThough some may think we descend from our nothing. You easily see this is but a shallow arguimperial dignity in holding correspondence with

ment, and may be soon confuted. private literato, yet as we have great respect to all

“I have with great pains and industry made my good intentions for our service, we do not esteem it

observations from time to time upon these sages; beneath us to return you our royal thanks for what and having now all materials ready, am compiling a you published in our behalf, while under confinement treatise, wherein I shall set forth the rise and proin the enchanted castle of the Savoy, and for your gress of this famous sect, together with their maxims, mention of a subsidy for a prince in misfortune. austerities, manner of living, &c. Having prevailed This your timely zeal has inclined the hearts of with a friend who designs shortly to publish a new divers to be aiding unto us, if we could propose the edition of Diogenes Laertius, to add this treatise of means.

We have taken their good will into consi- mine by way of supplement, I shall now, to let the deration, and have contrived a method which will be world see what may be expected from me (first begeasy to those who shall give the aid, and not unacceptable to us who receive it. A concert of music ging Mr. Spectator's leave that the world may see shall be prepared at Haberdasher's hall, for Wed- and then subscribe myself your humble servant. In

it,) briefly touch upon some of my chief observations, nesday the second of May, and we will honour the the first place I shall give you two or three of their said entertainment with our own presence, where maxims: the fundamental one, -upon which their each person shall be assessed but at two shillings and whole system is built, is this, viz. • “shat Time being sixpence. What we expect from you is, that you an implacable enemy to, and destroyer of, all things, publish these our royal intentions, with injunction ought to be paid in his own coin, and be destroyed that they be read at all tea-tables within the cities of and murdered without mercy, by all the ways that London and Westminster ; and so we bid you hearti- can be invented.' Another favourite saying of theirs ly farewell. Latinus,

is, • That business was designed only for knaves, " King of the Volscians. “Given at our court in Vinegar-yard, S:ory the ludicrous one, but has a great effect upon their lives;

and study for blockheads. A third seemed to be a third from the earth, April 28, 171i.”

and is this, “That the devil is at home.' Now for R.

their manner of living : and here I shall have a

large field to expatiate in; but I shall reserve partiNo. 54.) WEDNESDAY, MAY 2, 1711. culars for my intended discourse, and now only menStrenua nos exercet inertia.-Hor. I. Ep. xi. 28.

tion one or two of their principal exercises. The Laborious idleness our powers employs.

elder proficients employ themselves in inspecting

mores honinum multorum, in getting acquainted with The following letter being the first that I have re- all the signs and windows in the town. Some are ceived from the learned university of Cambridge, I arrived at so great knowledge, that they can tell could not but do myself the honour of publishing it. every time any butcher kills a calf, every time any It gives an account of a new sect of philosophers old woman's cat is in the straw, and a thousand which has arose in that famous residence of learn- other matters as important. One ancient philosoing; and is, perhaps, the only sect this age is likely pher contemplates two or three hours every day over to produce.

a sun-dial! and is true to the dial, “MR. SPECTATOR, Cambridge, April 26. “Believing you to be a universal encourager of li

Although it be not shone upon. beral arts and sciences, and glad of any information Our younger students are content to carry their spes from the learned world, I thought an account of a culations as yet no farther than bowling-greens, bilsect of philosophers very frequent among us, but not liard-tables, and such-like places. This may serve taken notice of, as farvas I can remember, by any for a sketch of my design; in which I hope I shall writers, either ancient or modern, would not be un. have your encouragement. acceptable to you. The philosophers of this sect are,

“ I am, Sir, yours.' in the language of our university, called loungers. I must be so just as to observe, I have formerly I am of opinion that, as in many other things, so seen of this sect at our other university; though not likewise in this, the ancients have been defective, distinguished by the appellation which the learned viz., in mentioning no philosophers of this sort historian my correspondent reports they bear at

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As the dial to the sun,

Cambridge. They were ever looked upon as a Baro, regustatum digito terebrare slimm

Contentus perages, si vivere curu Jove tendis. people that impaired themselves more by their strict

Jam pueris pellem succinctus et cenophorum aptas: application to the rules of their order, than any other

Ocyus ad navem. Nil obstat quin trabe vasia students whatever. Others seldom hurt themselves

Ægæum rapías, nisi solers Luxuria ante any farther than to gain weak eyes, and sometimes Seductum moneat; quo deinde, insane, ruis? Quo?

Quid tibi vis ? Calido sub pectore mascula bilis bead-aches; but these philosophers are seized all

Intumuit, quam non extinxerit urna cicuta? over with a general inability, indolence, and weari- Tun' mare transilias? Tibi torta cannabe fulto ness, and a certain impatience of the place they are Cana sit in transtro? Veientanumque rubellum in, with a heaviness in removing to another.

Exhalet vapida læsum pice sessilis obba ?

Quid petis ? Ut nummi, quos hic quincunce modesto The loungers are satisfied with being merely part

Nutrieras, pergant avidos sudare deunces? of the number of mankind, without distinguishing Indulge genio : carpamus dulcia : nostrum est themselves from amongst them. They may be said Quod vivis; cinis, et manes, et fabula fics.

Vive memor lethi : fugit hora. Hoc quod loquor, inde est. rather to suffer their time to pass than to spend it,

En quid agis ? Duplici in diversum scinderis hamo; without regard to the past, or prospect of the future.

Hunccine, an hunc sequeris ?

SAI. ¥. 132. All they know of life is only the present instant, and

Whether alone, or in thy harlot's lap, do not taste even that. When one of this order

When thou wouldst take a lazy morning's nap; happens to be a man of fortune, the expense of his Up, up, says Avarice; thou snorist again, time is transferred to his coach and horses, and his

Stretchest thy limbs and yawn'st, but all in vain.

The rugged tyrant no denial takes ; life is to be measured by their motion, not his own

At his command th' unwilling sluggard wakos. enjoyments or sufferings. The chief entertainment What must I do? he cries; What? says his lord, one of these philosophers can possibly propose to Why rise, make ready, and go straight aboard : himself, is to get a relish of dress. This, methinks,

With fish, from Euxine seas, thy vessel freight;

Flax, castor, Coan wines, the precious weight might diversify the person he is weary of (his own of pepper, and Sabean incense, take dear self) to himself. I have known these two With thy own hands, from the tir'd camel's back, amusements make one of these philosophers make a

And with post-haste thy running markets make.

Be sure to turn the penny : lie and swear, very tolerable figure in the world; with variety of

'Tis wholesome sin : but Jove, thou say'st, will hear. dresses in public assemblies in town, and quick mo- Swear, fool, or starve, for the dilenina's even; tion of his horses out of it, now to Bath, now to

A tradesman thou' and hope to go to heav'n?

Resolv'd for sea, the slaves thy baggage pack, Tunbridge, then to Newmarket, and then to London,

Each saddled with his burden on his buck; he has in process of time brought it to pass, that his Nothing retards thy voyage now, but he, coach and his horses have been mentioned in all That soft voluptuous prince, call d Luxury : those places. When the loungers leave an academic And he may ask this civil question; Friend, life, and, instead of this more elegant way of appear

What dost thou make a-shipboard ? to what end?

Art thou of Bethlem's noble college free? ing in the polite world, retire to the seats of their Stark, staring mad, that thou wouldst tempt the sea ? ancestors, they usually join in a pack of dogs, and Cubb'd in a cabin, on a mattrass laid, employ their days in defending their poultry from

On a brown George, with lousy swobbers fed ;

Dead wine that stinks of the Borachio, sup foxes. I do not know any other method, that any From a soul jack or greasy maple cup? of this order has ever taken to make a noise in the Say, wouldst thou bear all this, to raise thy store world; but I shall inquire into such about this town

From six i' th' hundred to six hundred inore? as bave arrived at the dignity of being loungers by

Indulge, and to thy genius freely give;

For, not to live at ease, is not to live. the force of natural parts, without having ever seen Death stalks behind thee, and each flying hour a university; and send my correspondent, for the Does some loose remnant of thy lise devour. embellishment of his book, the names and history of

Live, while thou liv'st; for death will make us al

A name, a nothing but an old wife' tale. those who pass their lives without any incidents at Speak: wilt thou Avarice or Pleasure choose all; and how they shift coffee houses and chocolate- To be thy lord ? Take one, and one refuse. bouses from hour to hour, to get over the insupport- When a government flourishes in conquests, and able labour of doing nothing.-R.

is secure from foreign attacks, it naturally falls into all the pleasures of luxury; and as these pleasures

are very expensive, they put those who are addicted No. 55.1 THURSDAY, MAY 3, 1711. to them upon raising fresh supplies of money by Intus et in jecore ægro

all the methods of rapaciousness and corruption : so Nascuntur Domini

Pers. Sat v. 129. that avarice and luxury very often become one comOur passions play the tyrants in our breasts plicated principle of action, in those whose bearts are Most of the trades, professions, and ways of living wholly set upon case, magnificence, and pleasure. among mankind, take their original either from the The most elegant and correct of all the Latin his. love of pleasure, or the fear of want. The former, torians observes

, that in his time, when the most when it becomes too violent, degenerates into luxury, formidable states in the world were subdued by the and the latter into avarice. As these two principles Romans, the republic sank into those two vices of of action draw different ways, Persius has given us a quite different nature, luxury and avarice :t and a very humorous account of a young fellow who accordingly describes Catiline as one who coveted was roused out of his bed in order to be sent upon a the wealth of other men, at the same time that he long yoyage, by Avarice, and afterward over-per-squandered away his own. This observation on the suaded and kept at home by Luxury. I shall set commonwealth, when it was in its height of power down the pleadings of these two imaginary persons

and riches, holds good of all governments that are as they are in the original, with Mr. Dryden's trans- settled in a state of ease and prosperity. At such lation of them :

times men naturally endeavour to outshine one anoMane, piger, stertis : surge, inquit Avaritia, eja

ther in pomp and splendour, and having no fears Surge Negas : instat : surge, inquit. Non queo. Surge.

to alarm them from abroad, indulge themselves in Et quid agam? Rogitas ? saperdas adrehe ponto, Castoreum, stuppas, hebenum, thus, lubrica Coa. Tolle recens priinus piper e sitiente camelo.

• See Boileau, sat iii. who has imitated this passage very Verte aliquid: jura. Sed Jupiter audiet. Ebeu'


Alieni appetens, cui profusus SPECTATOR.Nos. 9 & 10.


Felices errore suo



the enjoyment of all the pleasures they can get into

No. 56.] FRIDAY, MAY 4, 1711. their possession ; which naturally produces avarice, and an immoderate pursuit after wealth and riches.

Lucax, i. 454, As I was humouring myself in the speculation of

Happy in their mistake. these two great principles of action, I could not for- The Americans believe that all creatures have bear throwing my thoughts into a little kind of alle-souls, not only men and women, but brutes, vegegory or fable, with which I shall here present my tables, nay, even the most inanimate things, as stocks reader.

and stones. They believe the same of all the works There were two very powerful tyrants engaged of art, as of knives, boats, looking-glasses; and in a perpetual war against each other; the name that as any of these things perish, their souls go into of the first was Luxury, and of the second Avarice. another world, which is inhabited by the ghosts of The aim of each of them was no less than univer- men and women. For this reason they always place sal monarchy over the hearts of mankind. Lux- by the corpse of their dead friend a bow and arrows, ury had many generals under him, who did him that he may make use of the souls of them in the great service, as Pleasure, Mirth, Pomp, and Fa- other world, as he did of their wooden bodies in this. shion. Avarice was likewise very strong in his How absurd soever such an opinion as this may apofficers, being faithfully served by Hunger, Indus- pear, our European philosophers have maintained try, Care, and Watchfulness: he had likewise a several notions altogether as improbable. Some of privy-counsellor who was always at his elbow, and Plato's followers in particular, when they talk of the whispering something or other in his ear: the name world of ideas, entertain us with substances and of this privy-counsellor was Poverty. As Avarice beings no less extravagant and chimerical. Many conducted himself by the counsels of Poverty, his Aristotelians have likewise spoken as unintelligibly antagonist was entirely guided by the dictates and of their substantial forms. I shall only instance advice of Plenty, who was his first counsellor and Albertus Magnus, who, in his dissertation upon the minister of state, that concerted all his measures loadstone, observing that fire will destroy its mag. for him, and never departed out of his sight. While netic virtues, tells us that he took particular notice these two great rivals were thus contending for em- of one as it lay glowing amidst a heap of burning pire, their conquests were very various :-Luxury coals, and that he perceived a certain blue vapour to got possession of one heart, and Avarice of another. arise from it, which he believed might be the substanThe father of a family would often range himself tial form, that is, in our West Indian phrase, the under the banners of Avarice, and the son under soul of the loadstone. those of Luxury. The wife and husband would There is a tradition among the Americans, that often declare themselves on the two different par- one of their countrymen descended in a vision to ties; nay, the same person would very often side the great repository of souls, or, as we call it here, with one in his youth, and revolt to the other in his to the other world : and that upon his return he gave old age. Indeed the wise men of the world stood his friends a distinct account of every thing he saw neuter; but, alas ! their numbers were not consi- among those regions of the dead. A friend of mine, derable. At length, when these two potentates had whom I have formerly mentioned, prevailed upon wearied themselves with waging war upon one ano- one of the interpreters of the Indian kings, to inther, they agreed upon an interview, at which none quire of them, if possible, what tradition they have of their counsellors were to be present. It is said among them of this matter : which, as well as he that Luxury began the parley, and after having re- could learn by those many questions which he asked presented the endless state of war in which they them at several times, was in substance as folloits; were engaged, told his enemy, with a frankness of The visionary, whose name was Marraton, after heart which is natural to him, that he believed they having travelled for a long space under a hollow two should be very good friends, were it not for the mountain, arrived at length on the confines of this instigations of Poverty, that pernicious counsellor, world of spirits, but could not enter it by reason of who made an ill use of his ear, and filled him with a thick forest made up of bushes, brambles, and groundless apprehensions and prejudices. To this pointed thorns, so perplexed and interwoven with Avarice replied, that he looked upon Plenty (the one another, that it was impossible to find a passage tirst minister of his antagonist) to be a much more through it. Whilst he was looking about for some destructive counsellor than Poverty, for that he was track or pathway that might be worn in any part of perpetually suggesting pleasures, banishing all the it, he saw a huge lion couched under the side of it, necessary cautions against want, and consequently who kept his eye upon him in the same posture as undermining those principles on which the govern. when he watches for his prey. The Indian immement of Avarice was founded. At last, in order to diately started back, whilst the lion rose with a an accommodation, they agreed upon this prelimi- spring, and leaped towards him. Being wholly desnary; that each of them should immediately dis-titute of all other weapons, he stooped down to take miss his privy-counsellor. When things were thus a huge stone in his hand; but to his infinite surprise far adjusted towards a peace, all other differences grasped nothing, and found the supposed stone to be were soon accommodated, insomuch that for the only the apparition of one. If he was disappointed future they resolved to live as good friends and con- on this side, he was as much pleased on the other, federates, and to share between them whatever con- when he found the lion, which had seized on his left quests were made on either side. For this reason shoulder, had no power to hurt him, and was only we now find Luxury and Avarice taking possession the ghost of that ravenous creature which it appeared of the same heart, and dividing the same person be- to be. He no sooner got rid of his impotent enemy, tween them. To which I shall only add, that since but he marched up to the wood, and after having the discarding of the counsellors above mentioned, surveyed it for some time, endeavoured to press into Avarice supplies Luxury in the room of Plenty, as one part of it that was a little thinner than the rest; Luxury prompts Avarice in the place of Poverty. when again, to his great surprise, he found the bushes

C, made no resistance, but that he walked through

briars and brambles with the same ease as through

the open air; and in short, that the whole wood was at the same time seemed to tell him that the river nothing else but a wood of shades. He immediately was impassable. Who can describe the passion concluded, that this huge thicket of thorns and brakes made up of joy, sorrow, love, desire, astonishment, was designed as a kind of fence or quickset hedge to that rose in the Indian upon the sight of his dear the ghosts it enclosed; and that probably their soft Yaratilda ? He could express it by nothing but his substances might be torn by these subtle points and tears, which ran like a river down his cheeks as he prickles, which were too weak to make any impres- looked upon her. He had not stood in this posture sions on flesh and blood. With this thought, he re- long, before he plunged into the stream that lay besolved to travel through this intricate wood; when fore him; and finding it to be pothing but the by degrees he felt a gale of perfurres breathing upon phantom of a river, stalked on the bottom of it till him, that grew stronger and sweeter in proportion he arose on the other side. At his approach Yaraas he advanced. He had not proceeded much farther, tilda flew into his arms, whilst Marraton wished when he observed the thorns and briers to end, and himself disencumbered of that body which kept her give place to a thousand beautiful green trees covered from his embraces. After many questions and enwith blossoms of the finest scents and colours, that dearments on both sides, she conducted him to a formed a wilderness of sweets, and were a kind of bower which she had dressed with all the ornaments lining to those ragged scenes which he had before that could be met with in those blooming regions. passed through. As he was coming out of this de- She had made it gay beyond imagination, and was lightful part of the wood, and entering upon the every day adding something new to it. As Marraplains it enclosed, he saw several horsemen rushing ton stood astonished at the unspeakable beauty of by him, and a little while after heard the cry of & her habitation, and ravished with the fragrancy that pack of dogs. He had not listened long before he came from every part of it, Yaratilda told him that saw the apparition of a milk-white steed, with a she was preparing this bower for his reception, as young man on the back of it, advancing upon full well knowing that his piety to his God, and his stretch after the souls of about a hundred beagles, faithful dealing towards men, would certainly bring that were hunting down the ghost of a hare, which him to that happy place whenever bis life should be ran away before them with an unspeakable swiftness. at an end. She then brought two of her children to As the man on the milk-white steed came by him, him, who died some years before, and resided with he looked upon him very attentively, and found him her in the same delightful bower; advising him to to be the young prince Nicharagua, who died about breed up those others which were still with him in half a year before, and, by reason of his great vir- such a manner, that they might hereafter all of them tues, was at that time lamented over all the western meet together in this happy place. parts of America.

The tradition tells us farther, that he had afterHe had no sooner got out of the wood, but he was ward a sight of those dismal habitations which are entertained with such a landscape of Howery plains, the portion of ill men after death; and mentions segreen meadows, running streams, sunny hills, and veral molten seas of gold, in which were plunged shady vales, as were not to be represented by his the souls of barbarous Europeans, who put to the own expressions, nor, as he said, by the conceptions sword so many thousands of poor Indians for the of others. This happy region was peopled with in- sake of that precious metal. But having already numerable swarms of spirits, who applied themselves touched upon the chief points of this tradition, and to exercises and diversions, according as their fan- exceeded the measure of my paper, I shall not give cies led them. Some of them were tossing the figure any further account of it.-C. of a quoit; others were pitching the shadow of a bar; others were breaking the apparition of a horse; and multitudes employing themselves upon ingenious

No. 57. SATURDAY, MAY 5, 1711. handicrafts with the souls of departed utensils, for Quem prestare potest mulier galeata pudorem, that is the name which in the Indian language they

Quæ fugit a sexu? give their tools when they are burnt or broken. As he travelled through this delightful scene, he was

Inur'd to arms, and her own sex to fy? very often tempted to pluck the flowers that rose When the wife of Hector, in Homer's Iliad, disevery where about him in the greatest variety and courses with her husband about the battle in which profusion, having never seen several of them in his he was going to engage, the hero, desiring her to own country; but he quickly found, that though leave the matter to his care, bids her go to her they were the objects of his sight, they were not maids, and mind her spinning: by which the poet liable to his touch. He at length came to the side intimates, that men and women ought to busy of a great river, and being a good fisherman him-themselves in their proper spheres, and on such self, stood upon the banks of it some time to look matters only as are suitable to their respective sex. upon an angler that had taken a great many shapes I am at this time acquainted with a young genof tishes, which lay flouncing up and down by him. tleman, who has passed a great part of his life in

I should have told my reader, that this Indian had the nursery, and upon occasion can make a caudle been formerly married to one of the greatest beau- or a sack-posset better than any man in England. ties of his country, by whom he had several children. He is likewise a wonderful critic in cambric and This couple were so famous for their love and con- muslins, and he will talk an hour together upon a staney to one another, that the Indians to this day, sweet

meat. He entertains his mother every night when they give a married man joy of his wife, wish with observations that he makes both in town and they may live together like Marraton and Yaratilda. and court: as what lady shews the nicest fancy in Marraton had not stood long by the fisherman when her dress; what man of quality wears the fairest he saw the shadow of his beloved Yaratilda, who had wig; who has the finest linen, who the prettiest for some time fixed her eye upon him, before he dis- snuff-box; with many other the like curious recovered her. Her arms were stretched out towards marks, that may be made in good company. mim, foods of tears ran down her eyes: her looks, On the other hand, I have very frequently the her hands, her voice, called him over to her; and opportunity of seeing a rural Andromache,' who

Juv. Sat. vi. 251,

What sense of shame in woman's breast can lie,


came up to town last winter, and is one of the great- but a woman is too sincere to mitigate the fury of est fox-hunters in the country. She talks of hounds her principles with temper and discretion, and to and horses, and makes nothing of leaping over a act with that caution and reservedness which six-bar gate. If a man tells her a waggish story, are requisite in our sex.

When this unnatural zeal she gives him a push with her hand in jest, and gets into them, it throws them into ten thousand calls him an impudent dog; and if her servant neg-heats and extravagancies; their generous souls set lects his business, threatens to kick him out of the no bounds to their love or to their hatred; and house. I have heard her in her wrath call a sub. whether a whig or a tory, a lap-dog or a gallant, an stantial tradesman a lousy cur; and remember one opera or a puppet-show, be the object of it, the day, when she could not think of the name of a passion, while it reigns, engrosses the whole person, she described him in a large company of woman. men and ladies by the fellow with the broad I remember, when Dr. Titus Oates* was in all shoulders.

his glory, I accompanied my friend Will HoneyIf those speeches and actions, which in their own comb in a visit to a lady of his acquaintance. We nature are indifferent, appear ridiculous when they were no sooner sat down, but upon casting my eyes proceed from a wrong sex, the faults and imperfec. about the room, I found in almost every corner of tions of one sex transplanted into another appear it a print that represented the doctor in all magni. black and monstrous. As for the men, I shall not tudes and dimensions. A little after, as the lady in this paper any farther concern myself about was discoursing with my friend, and held her snuffthem; but as I would fain contribute to make wo-box in her hand, who should I see in the lid of it mankind, which is the most beautiful part of crea- but the doctor? It was not long after this when tion, entirely amiable, and wear out all those little she had occasion for her handkerchief, wbich, upon spots and blemishes that are apt to rise among the first opening, discovered among the plaits of it the charms which nature has poured out upon them, figure of the doctor. Upon this my friend Will, I shall dedicate this paper to their service. The who loves raillery, told her, that if he was in Mr. spot which I would here endeavour to clear them of, Truelove's place (for that was the name of her busis that party rage which of late years is very much band), he should be made as uneasy by a handker. crept into their conversation. This is, in its nature, chief as ever Othello was. “I am afraid,” said she, a male vice, and made up of many angry and " Mr. Honeycomb, you are a tory: tell me truly, cruel passions that are altogether repugnant to the are you a friend to the doctor, or not?”. Will, in. softness, the modesty, and those other endearing stead of making her a reply, smiled in her face qualities which are natural to the fair sex. Women (for indeed she was very pretty) and told her, that were formed to temper mankind, and soothe them one of her patches was dropping off. She immdiinto tenderness and compassion; not to set an edge ately adjusted it, and looking a little seriously, upon their minds, and blow up in them those pas. Well," says she, “I will be hanged if you and sions which are too apt to rise of their own accord. your silent friend there are not against the doctor When I have seen a pretty mouth uttering calum- in your hearts; I suspected as much by his saying nies and invectives, what would I not have given to nothing." Upon this she took her fan in her hand, have stopt it? How I have been troubled to see and upon the opening of it, again displayed to us some of the finest features in the world grow pale, the figure of the doctor, who was placed with great and tremble with party rage! Camilla is one of gravity among the sticks of it. In a word, I found the greatest beauties in the British nation, and yet that the doctor had taken possession of her thoughts, values herself more upon being the virago of one her discourse, and most of her furniture; but fiudparty, than upon being the toast of both. The ing myself pressed too close by her question, I dear creature, about a week ago, encountered the winked upon my friend to take his leave, which he fierce and beautiful Penthesilea across a tea-table, did accordingly.-C. but in the height of her anger, as her hand chanced to shake with the earnestness of the dispute, she

No. 58.] MONDAY, MAY 7, 1711. scalded her fingers, and spilt a dish of tea upon her

Ut pictura, poesis erit.-Hor. Ars. Poet. ver. 361. petticoat. Had not this accident broke off the de

Poems like pictures are. bate, nobody knows where it would have ended.

There is one consideration which I would ear- Nothing is so much admired, and so little under. nestly recommend to all my female readers, and stood, as wit. No author that I know of has written which, I hope, will have some weight with them. professedly upon it, and as for those who make any In short, it is this, that there is nothing so bad for mention of it, they only treat on the subject as it the face as party zeal. It gives an ill-natured cast has accidentally fallen in their way, and that too in to the eye, and a disagreeable sourness to the look : little short reflections, or in general exclamatory besides that it makes the lines too strong, and Aourishes, without entering into the bottom of the flushes them worse than brandy. I have seen a wo matter. I hope, therefore, I shall perform an acman's face break out in heats, as she had been talk-ceptable work to my countrymen, if I treat at large ing against a great lord, whom she had never seen upon this subject; which I shall endeavour to do in in her life; and indeed I never knew a party-woman a manner suitable to it, that I may not incur the that kept her beauty for a twelvemonth. I wouidcensure which a famous critic bestows upon one who therefore advise all my female readers, as they value had written a treatise on “the sublime," in a low their complexions, to let alone all disputes of this grovelling style. I intend to lay aside a whole nature; though, at the same time, I would give free week for this undertaking, that the scheme of my liberty to all superannuated motherly partisans to thoughts may not be broken and interrupted; and be as violent as they please, since there will be no I dare promise myself, if my readers will give me a danger either of their spoiling their faces, or of week's attention, that this great city will be very their gaining converts. For my own part, I think a man makes an odious

• Though the name of Dr. T. Oates is made use of here, and despicable" tiyure, that is violent in a party ; | Dr. Sacheverel is the person alluded to.


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