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drama; when it has made way for a much higher strong intimation of something within us that can beauty than the observation of such a rule would never die. have been. Those who have surveyed the noblest “ I have wondered that Alexander the Great, pieces of architecture and statuary, both ancient and who came into the world sufficiently dreamed of by modern, know very well that there are frequent de his parents, and had himself a tolerable knack at viations from art in the works of the greatest dreaming, should often say that sleep was one thing masters, which have produced a much nobler effect which made him sensible be was mortal. I, sho thau a more accurate and exact way of proceeding have not such fields of action in the day-time to dicould have done. This often arises from what the vert my attention from this matter, plainly perceive Italians call the gusto grande in these arts, which is that in those operations of the mind, while the body what we call the sublime in writing.

is at rest, there is a certain vastness of conception In the next place, our critics do not seem sensible very suitable to the capacity, and demonstrative of that there is more beauty in the works of a great the force of that divine part in our composition genius, who is ignorant of the rules of art, than in which will last for ever. Neither do I much doubt those of a little genius, who knows and observes but, had we a true account of the wonders the hero them. It is of these men of genius that Terence last mentioned performed in his sleep, his conquerspeaks, in opposition to the little artificial cavillers ing this little globe would hardly be worth mentionof his time :

ing. I may afirm, without vanity, that, when I Quorum æmulari exoptat negligentiam

compare several actions in Quintus Curtius with Potius, quam istorum obscuram diligentiam.

some others in my own noctuary, I appear the greater Whose negligence he would rather imitate than these hero of the two." men's obscure diligence.

I shall close this subject with observing, that A critic may bave the same consolation in the ill while we are awake we are at liberty to fix our success of his play as Dr. South tells us a physician thoughts on what we please, but in sleep we have has at the death of a patient, that he was killed se- not the command of them. The ideas which strike cundum artem. Our inimitable Shakspeare is a the fancy arise in us without our choice, either from stumbling-block to the whole tribe of these rigid the occurrences of the day past, the temper se lie crities. Who would not rather read one of his down in, or it may be the direction of some sapeplays, where there is not a sivgle rule of the stage rior being. observed, than any production of a modern critic, It is certain the imagination may be so differently where there is not one of them violated ! Shakspeare affected in sleep, that our actions of the day migbt was indeed born with all the seeds of poetry, and be either rewarded or punished with a little age of may be compared to the stone in Pyrrhus's ring, happiness or misery. St. Austin was of opiniou which as Pliny tells us, had the figure of Apollo and that, if in Paradise there was the same vicissitude of the nine Muses in the veins of it, produced by the sleeping and waking as in the present world, the spontaneous band of nature, without any help dreams of its inhabitants would be very happs. from art.

And so far at present our dreams are in powe!, that they are generally conformable to our waking

thoughts, so that it is not impossible to convey our No. 593.) MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 13, 1714. selves to a concert of music, the conversation of dis

tant friends, or any other entertainment which has Quale, per incertam lunam, sub luee maligna, Est iter in sylvis

been before lodged in the mind. Thus wander travellers in woods by night,

My readers, by applying these hints, will find the By the moou's doubtful and malignant light.-Dryden necessity of making a good day of it, if they heartily

wish themselves a good night. My dreaming correspondent, Mr. Shadow, has I have considered Marcia's prayer, and Lucias's sent me a second letter, with several curious obser- account of Cato, in this light. vations on dreams in general, and the method to

Marc. O ye immortal powers that guard the just, render sleep improving: an extract of his letter will Watch round his couch, and soften his repose, not, I presume, be disagreeable to my readers.

Banish his sorrows, and becalm bis soul

With easy dreams; remember all his virtues, “ Since we have so little time to spare, that none And show mankind that goodness is your care. of it may be lost, I see no reason why we should

Luc. Sweet are the slumbers of the virtuous man! negleet to examine those imaginary scenes we are

O Marcia, I have seen thy godlike father;

Some power iuvisible supports his soul, presented with in sleep, only because they have less

And bears it up in all its wonted greatness. reality in them than our waking meditations. A A kind refreshing sleep is fallen upon bim: traveller would bring his judgment in question, who I saw him streuchd at ease, his fancy lost should despise the directions of his map for want of

In pleasing dreams; as I drew near bis couch

He smild, and cryd, Cæsar, thou canst not hurt me! real roads in it, because here stands a dot instead of a town, or a cipher instead of a city; and it must

Mr. Shadow acquaints me in a postscript, that he be a long day's journey to travel through two or bas no manner of title to the vision which succeeded three inches. Fancy in dreams give us much such his first letter; but adds, that, as the gentleman who another landscape of life as that does of countries; wrote it dreams very sensibly, he shall be glad ta and though its appearances may seem strangely meet him some night or other under the great elmiumbled together, we may often observe such traces tree, by which Virgil bas given us a fine metapbariand footsteps of noble thoughts, as, if carefully pur-cal image of sleep, in order to turn over a few of sued, might lead us into a proper path of action the leaves together, and oblige the public with an There is so much rapture and ecstasy in our fancied account of the dreams that lie under them. bliss, and something so dismal and shocking in our fancied misery, tbat, though the inactivity of the body has given occasion for calling sleep the image of death, the briskness of the fanev affords us a

VIRG. Æn. vi. 270.

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No. 594.] WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 15, 1714. blackening accounts, and more inclined to be cre

dulous on the uncharitable than on the good-natured -Absentem qui rodit amicum, Qui non defendit, alio culpante; solutos

side. Qui captat risus hominum, famamque dicacis

Such a credulity is very vicious in itself, and Fingere qui non visų potest; commissa tacere

generally arises from a man's consciousness of his Qui uequit; hic uiger est: hunc tu, Romane, caveto,

Hor. 1 Sat. iv. 81

own secret corruptions. It is a pretty saying of He that shall rail against his absent friends,

Thales, “Falsehood is just as far distant from truth Or hears them scandaliz'd, and not defends;

as the ears are from the eyes." By which he Sports with their fame, and speak: wliate'er he can, would intimate, that a wise man shouid not easily And only to be thought a witty man;

gire credit to the reports of actions which he has Tells tales, and brings bis friends in disesteem; That mau's a knave ;-be sure heware of him.--CREECH.

I shall, under this head, mention two or

three remarkable rules to be observed by the memWere all the vexations of life put together, we bers of the celebrated Abbey de la Trappe, as they should find that a great part of them proceed from are published in a little French book.f those calumnies and reproacties which we spread The fathers are there ordered never to give an abroad concerning one another.

ear to any accounts of base or criminal actions : to There is scarce a man living, who is not, in some turn off all such discourse if possible; but, in case degree, guilty of this offence; though at the same they hear any thing of this nature, so well attested time, however we treat one another, it must be con- that they cannot disbelieve it, they are then to supfessed, that we all consent in speaking ill of the pose that the criminal action may have proceeded persons who are notorious for this practice. It ge- from a good intention in him who is guilty of it. nerally takes its rise either from an ill-will to man- This is, perhaps, carrying charity to an extravakind, a private inclination to make ourselves es-gance; but it is certainly much more laudable than teemed, an ostentation of wit, and vanity of being to suppose, as the ill-natured part of the world does, thought in the seerets of the world; or from a de- that indifferent and even good actions proceed from sire of gratifying any of these dispositions of mind bad principles and wrong intentions. in those persons with whom we converse.

In the third place, a man should examine his The publisher of scandal is more or less odious to heart, whether he does not find in it a secret inclimankind, and criminal in himself, as he is influenced nation to propagate such reports as tend to the disby any one or more of the foregoing motives. But, reputation of another. whatever may be the occasion of spreading these When the disease of the mind, which I have false reports, he ought to consider that the effect of hitherto been speaking of, arises to this degree of them is equally prejudicial and pernicious to the malignity, it discovers itself in its worst symptom, person at whom they are aimed. The injury is the and is in danger of becoming incurable. I need not, same, though the principle from whence it proceeds therefore, insist upon the guilt in this last particular, may be different.

wbich every one cannot but disapprove, who is not As every one looks upon himself with too much void of humanity, or even common discretion. I indulgence when he passes a judgment on his own shall only add, that whatever pleasure any man thoughts or actions, and as very few would be thought may take in spreading whispers of this nature, he guilty of this abominable proceeding, which is so will find an infinitely greater satisfaction iu conuniversally practised, and at the same time so uni- quering the temptation he is under, by letting the versally blaned, I shall lay down three rules, by secret die within his own breast. which I would have a man examine and search into his own heart, before he stands acquitted to himself of that evil disposition of mind which I am here

No. 595.] 'FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 1714. mentioning. First of all, Let bim consider whether he does not

Non ut placidis coeant immitia, non ut take delight in hearing the faults of others.

Serpentes avibus geminentur, tigribus agni. Secondly, whether he is not too apt to believe sach little blackening accounts, and more inclined

Nature, and the common laws of sense, to be credulous on the uncharitable than on the

Forbid to reconcile antipathies ;

Or make a snake engender with a dove, good-natured side.

And hungry tiger3 court the tender lambs-RoscommoN. Thirdly, Whether he is not ready to spread and propagate such reports as tend to the disreputation

If ordinary authors would condescend to write as of another.

they think, they would at least be allowed the praise These are the several steps by which this vice of being intelligible. But they really take pains to proceeds and grows up into slander and defamation. be ridiculous; and, by the studied ornaments of

la the first place, a man who takes delight in style, perfectly disguise the little sense they aim at. hearing the faults of others, shows sufficiently that There is a grievance of this sort in the commonhe has a true relish of scandal, and consequently wealth of letters, which I have for some time rethe seeds of this vice, within him. If his mind is solved to redress, and accordingly I have set this pratified with hearing the reproaches which are cast day apart for justice. What I mean is the mixture na others, he will find the same pleasure in relating of inconsistent metaphors, which is a fault but too them, and be the more apt to do it, as he will natu- often found in learned writers, but in all the unrally imagine every one he converses with is de- learned without exception. lighted in the same manner with himself. A man

In order to set this

matter in a clear light to every should endeavoor, therefore, to wear out of his mind reader, I shall in the first place observe, that a táis eriminal curiosity, which is perpetually height- metaphor is a siunile in one word, which serves to ened and inflamed by listening to such stories as tend to the disreputation of athers.

* St bæi Serm. 61. la the second place, a man should consult his own (-1671; reprinted in 1682. It is a letter of M. Felibiea to the

† Felibien. Description de l'Abbaye de la Trappe, Paris heart, whether he be not apt to believe such little Duchess of Liancourt

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HOR, Ars Poet. ver. 12.

coavey the thoughts of the mind under resemblances | once for all, turn your eyes where you please, you and images which affect the senses. There is not shall never smell me out. Do you think that the any thing in the world which may not be compared panics, which you sow about the parish, will ever to several things, if considered in several distinct build a monument to your glory? No, Sir, you may lights; or, in other words, the same thing may be fight these battles as long as you will; but when you expressed by different metaphors. But the mischief come to balance the account, you will find that you is, that an unskilful author shall run these meta- have been fishing in troubled waters, and that an phors so absurdly into one another, that there shall ignis fatuus hath bewildered you, and that indeed be nó simile, po agreeable picture, no apt resem. you have built upon a sandy foundation, and brought blunce; but confusion, obscurity, aud noise. Thus your hogs to a fair market. I have known a hero compared to a thunderbolt, a

“I am, Sir, yours," &c. lion, and the sea; all and each of them proper metaphors for impetuosity, courage, or force. But by bad management it hath so happened, that the No.596.] MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1714 thunderbolt hath overflowed its banks, the lion hath

Molle meum levibus cor est violabile telis. been darted through the skies, and the billows Dave

OVID, Ep. xv. T9 rolled out of the Libyan desert.

Cupid's light darts my tender bosom move.--Pori The absurdity in this instance is obvious. And

The case of my correspondent, who sends me the yet every time that clashing metaphors are put to following letter, has somewhat in it so very whimsi jether, this fault is comınitted more or less. It hath cal, that I know not how to entertain my readers already been said, that metaphors are images of better than by laying it before them. things which affect the senses. An image, therefore, taken from what acts upon the sight, cannot, with.


Middle Temple, Sept. 18. out violence, be applied to the hearing; and so of "I am fully convineed that there is not epon the rest. It is no less an impropriety to make any earth a more impertinent creature than an imporbeing in nature or art to do things in its metaphorical Lunate lover. We are daily complaining of the se state, which it could not do in its original. I shall verity of our fate to people who are wholly unedu illustrate what I have said by an instance which I cerned in it; and hourly improving a passion, which have read more than once in coutroversial writers. we would persuade the world is the terment of cer «The heavy lashes,” saith a celebrated author, lives. Notwithstanding this reflection, Sir, I rali“ihat have dropped from your peo,” &c. I sup- not forbear acquainting you with my own case. You pose this gentleman having frequently heard of must know then, Sır, that, even from my childhood, *gail dropping from a pen, and beiug lashed in a the most prevailing inclination I could perceive in satire," he was resolved to have them both at any myself was a strong desire to be in favour with the rate, and so uttered this complete piece of nonsense. fair sex. I am at present in the one-and-twentieth It will most effectually discover the absurdity of year of my age; and should have made choice of a these monstrous unions, if we will suppose these she bedfellow many years since, bad not my father, metaphors or images actually painted. Imagine who has a pretty good estate of his own getting, and then a hand holding a pen, and several lashes of passes in the world for a prudent man, been pleased whipcord falling from it, and you have the true re- to lay it down as a maxim, that nothing spoils a presentation of this sort of eloquence. I believe, young fellow's fortune so soon as marrying early; by this very rule, a reader may be able to judge of and that no man ought to think of wedlock until the union of all metaphors whatsoever

, and deter- six-and-twenty. Knowing his sentiments upon this mine which are homogeneous, and which are hete- head, I thought it in vain to apply myself to pole? rogeneous; or to speak more plainly, which are of condition, who expect settlements; so that al consistent and which inconsistent.

my amours have hitherto been with ladies who had There is yet one evil more which I must take no fortunes : but I know not how to give you so notice of, and that is the running of metaphors into good an idea of me, as by laying before you the tedious allegories; which, though an error on the history of my life. better hand, causes confusion as much as the other. "I can very well remember, that at my schoolThis becomes abominable, when the lustre of one mistress's, whenever we broke up, I was always for word leads a writer out of his road, and makes him joining myself with the miss who lay-in, and was wander from his subiect for a page together. I re- constantly one of the first to make a party in the member a young fellow of this tura, who, having play of Husband and Wife. This passion for being said by chance that his mistress had a world of well with the females still increased as I advanced charms, thereupon took occasion to consider her as in years. At the dancing.school I contracted so one possessed or frigid and torrid zones, and pur- many quarrels by struggling with my fellow-schosued her from the one pole to the other.

lars for the partner I liked best, that upon a ball

. I shall conclude this paper with a letter written night, before our mothers made their appearance, I in that enormous style, which I hope my reader hath was usually up to the nose in blood."My father

, by this time set his heart against. The epistle hath like a discreet man, soon removed me from this heretofore received great applause ; but after what stage of softness to a school of discipline, wbere I hath been said, let any man commend it if he dare. learn: Latin and Greek. I underwent several se

verities in this place, until it was thought convenient “Sik,

to send me to the university: though, to confess the “After the many heavy lashes that have fallen truth, I should not have arrived so early at that from ycur pen, you may justly expect in return all seat of learning, but from the discovery of an inthe load that my ink can lay upon your shoulders. trigue between me and my master's housekeeper: You have quartered all the foul language upon me upon whom I had employed my rhetoric w efecto that could be raked out of the air of Billingsgate

, ally, that, though she was a very elderly lady, I had without knowing who I am, or whether I deserved ikrost brought her to consent to marry me." Lipoa to be cupped and scarified at this rate. I tell you i my arrival at Oxford, i found logic so dry, that

instead of giving attention to the dead, I soon fell engaged in during that moonshine in the brain. I to addressing the living. My first amour was with shall lay before my readers an abridgment of some a pretty girl whom I shall call Parthenope: her few of their extravagancies, in hopes that they will mother sold ale by the town-wall. Being often in time accustom themselves to dreain a little more caught there by the proctor, I was forced at last, to the purpose. that my mistress's reputation might receive po One, who styles himself Gladio, complains heavily blemish, to confess my addresses were honourable. that his fair one charges him with inconstancy, and Upon this I was immediately sent home; but Par- does not use him with half the kindness which the thenope soon after marrying a shoemaker, I was sincerity of his passion may demand; the said again suffered to return. My next affair was with Gladio having by valour and stratagem put to death my tailor's daughter, who deserted me for the sake tyrants, enchanters, monsters, knights, &c. without of a young barber. Upon my complaining to one number, and exposed himself to all manner of danof my particular friends of this misfortune, the cruel gers for her sake and safety. He desires in his wag made a mere jest of my calamity, and asked postscript to know whether, from a constant success me with a smile, where the needle should turn but in them, he may not promise himself to succeed in to the pole ?* After this I was deeply in love with her esteem at last. a milliner, and at last with my bed-maker; upon Another, who is very prolix in his narrative, which I was sent away, or, in the university phrase, writes me word, that having sent a venture beyond rusticated for ever.

sea, he took occasion one night to fancy himself "Upon my coming home, I settled to my studies gone along with it, and grown on a sudden the $0 beartily, and contracted so great a reservedness richest man in all the Indies. Having been there by being kept from the company I most affected, about a year or two, a gust of wind, that forced that my father thought he might venture me at the open his casement, blew him over to his native Temple.

country again, where awaking at six o'clock, and “Within a week after my arrival, I began to the change of the air not agreeing with him, he shine again, and became enamoured with a mighty turned to his left side in order to a second voyage; pretty creature, who had every thing but money to but ere he could get on shipboard, was unforturecommend her. Having frequent opportunities of nately apprehcnded for stealing a horse, tried and uttering all the soft things which a heart formed for coudemned for the fact, and in a fair way of being love could inspire me with, I soon gained her cou. executed, if somebody stepping bastily into his chamsent to treat of marriage; but unfortunately for us ber had not brougbt him a reprieve. This fellow, all, in the absence of my charmer I usually talked too, wants Mr. Shadow's advice; who, I dare say, the same language to her eldest sister, who is also would bid him be content to rise after his first nap, very pretty. Now I assure you, Mr. Spectator, and learn to be satisfied as soon as nature is. this did not proceed from any real affection I had The next is a public-spirited gentleman, who tells conceived for her; but, being a perfect stranger to me, that on the second of September at night the the conversation of men, and strongly addicted to whole city was on fire, and would certainly have associate with the women, I knew no other lan. been reduced to ashes again by this time, if he had guage but that of love. I should, however, be very not flown over it with the New River on his back, much obliged to you if you could free me from the and happily extinguished the flames before they had perplexity I am at present in. I have sent word to prevailed too far. He would be informed whether my old gentleman in the country that I am des- he has not a right to petition the lord mayor and perately in love with the younger sister; and her aldermen for a reward. father, who knew no better, poor man, acquainted A letter, dated Septeniber the 9th, acquaints him by the same post, that I had for some time me, that the writer, being resolved to try his fortune, made my addresses to the elder. Upon this, old had fasted all that day; and, that he might be suro Testy sends me up word, that he has heard so much of dreaning upon something at night, procured a of my exploits, that he intends immediately to order handsome slice of bride-cake, which he placed very me to the South-sea. Sir, I have occasionally talked conveniently under his pillow. In the morning his so much of dying, that I begin think there is not memory happened to fail hiin, and he could recolmuch in it; and if the old 'syuire persists in his delect nothing but an odd fancy that he had eaten his sigo, I do hereby give him notice that I am pro- cake : which being found upon search reduced to a riding myself with proper instruments for the dea few crumbs, he is resolved to remember more of his struction of despairing 'lovers : let him therefore dreams another time, believing from this that there look to it

, and

consider that by his obstinacy he may may possibly be somewhat of truth in them. himself lose the son of his strength, the world a I have received numerous complaints from several hopeful lawyer, my mistress a passionate lover, and delicious dreamers, desiring me to invent some me. you, Mr. Spectator,

thod of silencing those noisy slaves whose occupaYour constant Admirer,

tions lead them to take their early rounds about the “JEREMY LOVEmore.” city in a morning, doing a deal of mischief, and

working strange confusion in the affairs of its inha.

bitants. Several monarchs have done me the ho. No. 597.) WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 22, 1714. nour to acquaint me how often they have been shook

from their respective thrones by the ratiling of a Mens sine pondere ludit.-PETR. The mind uncumber'd plays.

coach or the rumbling of a wheelbarrow. And many

private gentlemen, I find, bave been bawled out of SINCE I received my friend Shadow's letter, seve- vast estates by fellows not worth three-pence. A ral of my correspondents have been pleased to send fair lady was just on the point of being married to a me an account how they have been employed in young, 'handsome, rich, ingenious nobleman, when sleep, and what notable adventures they have been an impertinent tinker passing by forbid the bans ;

! and a hopeful youth, who had been newly advanced • The common sign of a barber's shop i to great honour and preferment, was forced by a

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Juv. Sat. 1 28.

neighbouring cobbler to resign all for an old song. all its extravagancies, whether in sleeping or waking, It has been represented to me that those iocon is no improper method of correcting and bringing siderable rascals do nothing but go about dissolving it to act in subordinacy to reason, so as to be de of marriages, and spoiling of fortunes, impoverish- lighted only with such objects as will affect it with ing rich, and ruining great people, interrupting pleasure when it is never so cold and sedate. beauties in the midst of their conquests, aud generals in the course of their victories. A boisterous peripatetic hardly goes through a street without No. 598.] FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1714. waking half a dozen kings and princes, to open their shops or clean shoes, frequently transforming Jamne igitur laudas, quod de sapientibus alter sceptres into paring-shovels, and proclamations into

Ridebat, quoties a limine moverat unum

Protuleratque pedem: fiebat contrarius alter? bills. I have by me a letter from a young statesman, who in five or six hours came to be emperor of Eu- Will ye not now the pair of sages praise, rope, after which he made war upon the Great Who the same end pursu'd by several ways? Turk, routed him horse and foot, and was crowned

One pity'd, one condemn'd, the wofal times;

One laugh'd at follies, one lamented crimes.--DETDES lord of the universe in Constantinople: the conclusion of all his successes is, that on the 12th instant, MANKIND may be divided into the merry and the about seven in the morning, his imperial majesty serious, who both of them make a very good figure was deposed by a chimney-sweeper.

in the species, so long as they keep their respective On the other hand, I have epistolary testimonies humours from degenerating into the neighbouring of gratitude from many miserable people, who owe extreme; there being a natural tendency in the one to this clamorous tribe frequent deliverances from to a melancholy moroseness, and in the other to a great misfortunes. A small-coalman,* by waking fantastic levity. one of these distressed gentlemen, saved him from The merry part of the world are very amiable, ten years' imprisonment. An honest watchman, while they diffuse a cheerfulness through conversibidding a loud good-morrow to another, freed him tion at proper seasons and on proper occasions; but, from the malice of many potent enemies, and on the contrary, a great grievance to society when brought all their designs against him to nothing. they infect every discourse with insipid mirth, and A certain. valetudinarian confesses he has often turn into ridicule such subjects as are not suited to been cured of a sore throat by the hoarseness of a it. For though laughter is looked upon by the phicarman, and relieved from a fit of the gout by the losophers as the property of reason, the excess of di sound of old shoes. A noisy puppy, that plagued a has been always considered as the mark of foly. sober gentleman all night long with his imperti- On the other side, seriousness has its beauty whilst nence, was silenced by a cinder-wench with a word it is attended with cheerfulness and humanity, and speaking.

does not come in unseasonably to pall the goodInstead, therefore, of suppressing this order of humour of those with whom we converse. mortals, I would propose it to my readers to make These two sets of men, notwithstanding that each the best advantage of their morning salutations. A of them shine in their respective characters

, are famous Macedonian prince, for fear of forgetting apt to bear a natural aversion and antipatby to one himself in the midst of his good fortune, had a youth another. to wait on him every morning, and bid him reinem- What is more usual than to hear men of serious ber that he was a man. A citizen who is waked by tempers, and austere morals, enlarging upon the one of these criers, may regard him as a kind of vanities and follies of the young and gay part of the remembrancer, come to admonish him that it is time species, whilst they look with a kind of horror upos to return to the circumstances he has overlooked all such pomps and diversions as are innocent in ther. the night time, to leave off fancying himself what selves, and only culpable when they draw the mind he is not, and prepare to act suitably to the condi- too much ? tion he is really placed in.

I could not but smile upon reading a passage in People may dream on as long as they please, but the account which Mr. Baxter gives of his own life, I shall take no notice of any imaginary adventures wherein he represeuts it as a great blessing that in that do not happen while the sun is on this side the his youth he very narrowly escaped getting a place horizon. For which reason I stifle Fritilla's dream atat court. church last Sunday, who, while the rest of the audi. It must indeed be confessed that levity of temper ence were enjoying the benefit of an excellent dis- takes a man off his guard, and opens a pass to his course, was losing her money and jewels to a gen- soul for any temptation that assaults it. It favours tleman at play, until after a strange run of ill-luck all the approaches of vice, and weakens all the she was reduced to pawn three lovely pretty children resistance of virtue; for which reason a renowded for her last stake. When she had thrown them statesman in Queen Elizabeth's days, after baving away, her companion went off, discovering himself retired from court and public business, in order to by his usual tokens, a cloven foot and a strong smell give himself up to the duties of religion, when any of brimstone, which last proved only a bottle of of his old friends used to visit him, had still thus spirits, which a good old lady applied to her nose, word of advice in his mouth, "Be serious." to put her in a condition of hearing the preacher's An eminent Italian author of this cast of mind, third head concerning time,

speaking of the great advantage of a serious and If a man has no mind to pass abruptly from his composed temper, wishes very gravely, that for the imagined to his real circumstances, he may employ benefit of mankind he had Trophonius's care in his himself awhile in that new kind of observation which possession; which, says he, would contribute more my oneirocritical correspondent has directed him to to the reformation of manners than all the work. make of himself. Pursuing the imagination through houses and bridewells in Europe.

We have a very particular description of this Sir John Hawkins's Hist. of Music, vol. v. p. 70. The

cave in Pausanias, who tells us that it was made in name of the famous arusical man was Thomas Brittoa. the form of a huge oven, and had many particular

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