« НазадПродовжити »
No. 578.] MONDAY, AUGUST 9, 1714. his secrets, on condition I should never reveal it to Fque feris humana in corpora transit,
any man. The king immediately, reflecting on his Inque leras noster, Ovid, Met. xv. 167.
young favourite's having refused the late offers of Th' unbodied spirit flies
greatness he had made him, told him he presumed Arid lodges where it lights in man or beast-DRYDEN. it was the power of making gold. "No, Sir, says THERE has been very great reason, on several ac- the dervise, it is somewhat more wonderful than counts, for the learned world to endeavour at set- that; it is the power of reanimating a dead budy, by Hing what it was that might be said to compose Ainging my own soul into it.” personal identity
" While he was yet speaking, a doe came bound. Mr. Locke, after having premised that the word ing by them, and the king, who had his bow ready, person properly signifies a thinking intelligent being shot her through the heart; telling the dervise, that that has reason and retiection, and can consider itseli a fair opportunity now offered for him to show his as itself, concludes, that it is consciousness alone, and art. The young man immediately left his own body not an identity of substance, which makes this per- breathless on the ground, while at the same instant sonal identity of sameness. “ Had I the same con. that of the doe was reanimated. She came to the sciousness," says that author, " that I saw the ark king, fawned upon him, and, after having played aud Noah's flood, as that I saw an overflowing of several wanton tricks fell again upon the grass; at the Thames last winter; or as that I now write; I the same instant the body of the dervise recovered could no more doubt that I who write this now, that its life. The king was in tinitely pleased at so unsaw the Thames overflow last winter, and that viewed common an operation, and conjured his friend by the fluod at the general deluge, was the same self, every thing that was sacred to communicate it in place that sell in what substance you please, than him. The dervise at first made some scruple of viothat I who write this am the same myself now while lating his promise to the dying brachman: but told I write, whether I consist of all the same substance, him at last that he found he could conceal nothing material or immaterial, or no, that I was yesterday; from so excellent a prince; after having obliged for as to this point of being the same sell, it matters him therefore by an oath to secrecy, he taught him, not whether this present self be made up of the to repeat two cabalistic words, in pronouncing of same or other substances."
which the whole secret consisted. The king, impa. I was mightily pleased with a story in some mea- tient to try the experiment, immediately repeated sure applicable to this piece of philosophy, which I them as he had been taught, and in an instant read the other day in the Persian Tales, as they are found himself in the body of the doe. He had hut lately very well translated by Mr. Phillips; and little time to contemplate himself in this new being; with an abridgment whereof 'I shall here present for the treacherous dervise, shooting his own soul my readers.
into the royal corpse, and bending the prince's own I shall only premise that these stories are writ bow against him, had laid him dead on the spot, had after the eastern manner, but somewhat more correct. not the king, who perceived his intent, fled swiftly
Fadlallah, a prince of great virtue, succeeded to the woods. bis father Bin Ortoc in the kingdom of Mousel. He “ The dervise, now triumphant in his villany, rereigned over his faithful subjects for some time, and turned to Mousel, and filled the throne and bed of lived in great happiness with his beauteous consort the unhappy Fadiallah. Queen Zemroude, when there appeared at his court “ The first thing he took care of, in order to se. a young dervise of so lively and entertaining a turn cure bimself in the possession of his new
ew-acquired of wit, as won upon the affections of every one he kingdom, was to issue out a proclamation, ordering conversed with. His reputation grew so fast every his subjects to destroy all the deer in the realm, day, that it at last raised a curiosity in the prince The king had perished among the rest, had he not himself to see and talk with him. He did so; and, avoided his pursuers by reanimating the body of a far from finding that common fame had flattered him, nightingale, which he saw lie dead at the foot of a he was soon convinced that every thing he had heard tree. In this new shape he winged his way in safety of him fell short of the truth.
to the palace; where, perching on a tree which stood "Fadlallah immediately lost all manner of relish near his queen's apartment, he filled the whole place for the conversation of other men; and, as he was with so many melodions and melancholy notes as every day more and more satisfied of the abilities of drew her to the window. He had the mortification this stranger, offered him the first posts in his king- to see that, instead of being pitied, he only moved dom. The young dervise, after having thanked him the mirth of his princess, and of a young female with a very singular modesty, desired to be ex-slave who was with her. He continued however to cused, as having made a vow never to accept of any serenade her every morning, until at last the queen, employment, and preferring a free and independent charmed with his harmony, sent for the bird catchstate of life to all other conditions.
ers, and ordered them to employ their utmost skill * The king was infinitely charmed with so great to put that little creature into her possession. The an example of moderation; and though he could king, pleased with an opportunity of being once not get him to engage in a life of business, made more near his beloved consort, easily suffered him, him however his chiei companion and first favourite. self to be taken : and when he was presented to her,
" As they were one day hunting together and though he showed a fearfulness to be touched by happened to be separated from the rest of the com- any of the other ladies, flew of his own accord, and pany, the dertise entertained Fadlallah with an ac- hid himself in the queen's bosom. Zemroude was count of his travels and adventures. After having higbly pleased at the unexpected fondness of her related to him several curiosities which he had seen new favourite, and ordered him to be kept in, au in the ladies, • It was in this place,' says he, that open cage in her own apartinent. He bad there en I contracted an acquaiutance with an old brachman, opportunity of making his court to her every morn, who was skilled in the most hidden powers of nature; ing.. by a thousand liule actions, which his shape be died within my arms, and with his parting breath allowed him. The queen passed away whole bours communicated to me one of the most valuable of every day in bearing and playing with him. Facha
lallah could even have thought himself. happy in bishop Laud, to punish this negligence, haid a eanthis state of life, had he not frequently endured the siderable fine upon that company in the star-chamber. inexpressible torment of seeing the dervise enter By the practice of the world, which prevails ia the apartment and caress his queen even in his this degenerate age, I am afraid that very many presence.
young profligates of both sexes are possessed of this “The usurper, amidst his toying with the prin- spurious edition of the Bible, and observe the comcess, would often endeavour to ingratiate himself mandment according to that faulty reading. with her nightingale: and while the enraged Fad- Adulterers in the first ages of the chures were lallab pecked at him with his bill, beat his wings, excommunicated for ever, and unqualified all theit and showed all the marks of an impotent rage, it lives from bearing a part in Christian assemblies, only afforded his rival and the queen new matter notwithstanding they might seek it with tears, and all for their diversion.
the appearances of the most unfeigned repentance
. " Zemroude was likewise fond of a little lap-dog I might bere mention some ancient laws among which she kept in her apartment, and which one the heathens, which punished this crime with death; night happened to die.
and others of the same kind, which are now in force * The king immediately found himself inclined among several governments that have embraced the to quit the shape of a nightingale, and enliven this reformed religion. But, because a subject of this new body. He did so, and the next morning Zem- nature may be too serious for my ordinary readers, roude saw her favourite bird lie dead in the cage. who are very apt to throw by my papers when they It is impossible to express her grief on this occasion; are not enlivened with something that is diverting and when she called to mind all its little actions, or uncommon, I shall here publish the contents of a which even appeared to have somewhat in them like little manuscript lately fallen into my hands, and reason, she was inconsolable for her loss.
which pretends to great antiquity; though by reason “ Her women immediately sent for the dervise to of some modern phrases, and other particulars in it
, come and comfort her; who, after having in vain I can by no means allow it to be genuine, but rather represented to her the weakness of being grieved the production of a modern sophist. at such an accident, touched at last by her repeated It is well known by the learned, that there was a complaints, “Well, Madam,' says he, I will exert temple upon mount Ætna dedicated to Vulcan, which the utmost of my art to please you. Your nightin- was guarded by dogs of so exquisite a smell, say the gale shall again revive every morning, and serenade historians, that they could discern whether the per you as before.' The queen beheld him with a look sons who came thither were chaste or otherwise. They which easily showed she did not believe him, when, used to meet and fawn upon such as were chaste
, laying himself down on a sofa, he shot his soul into caressing them as the friends of their master Vol. the nightingale, and Zemroude was amazed to see can; but few at those who were polluted, and never her bird revive.
ceased barking at them till they had driven them "The king, who was a spectator of all that passed, from the temple. lying under the shape of a lap-dog in one corner of My manuscript gives the following account of the room, immediately recovered his own body, and, these dogs, and was probably designed as a comment running to the cage, with the utmost indignation, upon this story :twisted off the neck of the false nightingale. “ These dogs were given to Vulcan by his sister
" Zemroude was more than ever amazed and con- Diana, the goddess of hunting and of chastity, har .cerned at this second accident, until the king, en ing bred them out of some other hounds, in which treating her to hear him, related to her his whole she had observed this natural instinct and sagacity. adventure.
It was thought she did it in spite to Venus, na “ The body of the dervise which was found dead upon her return home, always found her husband in in the wood, and his edict for killing all the deer, a good or bad humour, according to the reception left her no room to doubt the truth of it; but the which she met with from his dogs. They lived in story adds, that out of an extreme delicacy, peculiar the temple several years, but were such snappish to the oriental ladies, she was so highly afflicted at curs, that they frightened away most of the rotaries
. the innocent adultery in which she had for some time The women of Sicily made a solemn deputation to rived with the dervise, that no arguments, even from the priest, by which they acquainted him, that they Fadlallah himself, could compose her mind. She would not come up to the temple with their annual shortly after died with grief," begging his pardon offerings unless he muzzled his mastiffs ; and at last with her latest breath for what the most rigid jus compromised the matter with him, that the offering tice could not have interpreted as a crime. should always be brought by a chorus of young girls,
* The king was so afflicted with her death, that who were none of them above seven years old. I he left his kingdom to one of his nearest relations, was wonderful, says the author, to see how different and passed the rest of his days in solitude and re- the treatment was which the dogs gave to these little tirement."
misses, from that wbich they had shown to their
mothers. It is said that the prince of Syracuse, No. 579.] WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 11, 1712. of a jealous temper, made such an interest with the
having married a young lady, and being naturally -Odora canum vís.-VIRG. Æn. iv. 132 priests of this temple, that he procured a whelp from Sagacious hounds
theni of this famous breed. The young puppy ***
very troublesome to the fair lady at first, insomuch In the reign of King Charles the First, the Com- that she solicited her husband to send him
away; pany of Statiocers,
into whose hands the printing of but the good man çut her short with the old Sicilian the Bible is committed by patent, made a very re- proverb, Love me, love my dog;" from which time markable erratum or blunder in one of their edi- she lived very peaceably with both of them. The
tions : for instead of “ Thou shalt not commit ladies of Syracuse were sery much annoyed with adultery," they printed off several thousands of him, and several of very good reputation refused to copies witb, “ 'Thou shait commit adultery." Arch. come to court until he was discarded. There were
indeed some of them that defied his sagacity; but it Romans, those more enlightened parts of the pagan was observed, though he did not actually bite them, world, we find there is scarce a people among the he would growl at them most confoundedly. To re- late discovered nations who are not trained up in turn to the dogs of the temple ; after they had lived an opinion that heaven is the habitation of the here in great repute for several years, it so hap-divinity whom they worship. pened, that as one of the priests, who had been making “ Aš in Solomon's temple there was the Sanctum a cbaritable visit to a widow who lived on the pro- Sanctorum, in which a visible glory appeared among mootory of Lilybeum, returned home pretty late in the figures of the cherubim, and into which none the evening, the dogs flew at him with so much fury, but the high-priest himself was permitted to enter, that they would have worried him if his brethren after having made an atonement for the sins of the had not come to his assistance; upon which, says people : so if we consider the whole creation as one my author, the dogs were all of them hanged, as great temple, there is in it this Holy of Holies, into having lost their original instinct.”
which the High-priest of our salvation entered, and I cannot conclude this paper without wishing that took his place among angels and archangels, after we had some of this breed of dogs in Great Britain, having made a propitiation for the sins of mankind. which would certainly do justice, I should say ho- “With how much skill must the throne of God nour, to the ladies of our country, and show the be erected! With what glorious designs is that world the difference between pagan women and habitation beautified, which is contrived and built those who are instructed in sounder principles of by Him who inspired Hiram with wisdom! How virtue and religion.
great must be the majesty of that place, where the whole art of creation has been employed, and where
God has chosen to show himself in the most magNo. 580.) FRIDAY, AUGUST 13, 1714.
nificent manuer? What must be the architecture Si verbis audacia detur,
of infinite power under the direction of infinite Haud timeam magni dixisse palatia cæli.
wisdom? A spirit cannot but be transported after
OviD, Met. I. 175.
an ineffable manner, with the sight of those objects, I'll call the palace of the Deity.-DRYDIN.
which were made to affect him by that Being who knows the inward frame of a soul, and how to please
and ravish it in all' its most secret powers and facul. " I CONSIDERED in my two last letters that awful ties. It is to this majestic presence of God we may and tremendous subject, the ubiquity or omnipre- apply those beautiful expressions in holy writ: 'Besence of the Divine Being. I have shown that he hold even to the moon, and it shineth not: yea the is equally present in all places throughout the whole stars are not pure in his sight.' The light of the extent of infinite space. This doctrine is so agree- sun, and all the glories of the world in which we able to reason, that we meet with it in the writings live, are but as weak and sickly glimmerings, or of the enligbtened heathens, as I might show at rather darkness itself, in comparison of those splenlarge, were it not already done by other hands. But dours which encompass the throne of God. though the Deity be thus essentially present through “ As the glory of this place is transcendent beyond all the immensity of space, there is one part of it in imagination, so probably is the extent of it. There which he discovers himself in a most transcendent is light behind light, and glory within glory. How and visible glory; this is that place which is marked far that space may reach, in which God thus appears out in Scripture under the different appellations of in perfect majesty, we cannot possibly conceive.
paradise, the third heaven, the throne of God, and Though it is not intinite, it may be indefinite; and, the habitation of his glory. It is here where the though not immeasurable in itself, it may be so with glorified body of our Saviour resides, and where all regard to any created eye or imagination. If he has The celestial hierarchies, and the innumerable hosts made these lower regions of matter so inconceivably of angels, are represented as perpetually surround wide and magnificent for the habitation of mortal ing the seat of God with hallelujahs and hymns of and perishable beings, how great may we suppose praise. This is that presence of God which some of the courts of his house to be, where he makes his ihe divines call his glorious, and others his majestic residence in a more especial manner, and displays presence. He is indeed as essentially present in himself in the fulness of his glory, among an inall other places as in this; but it is here where He numerable company of angels and spirits of just resides in a sensible magnificence, and in the midst men made perfect ? of all those splendours which can affect the imagina- “ This is certain, that our imaginations cannot tion of created beings.
be raised too high when we think on a place where " It is very remarkable that this opinion of God omnipotence and omniscience have so-signally exAlmighty's presence in heaven, whether discovered erted themselves, because that they are able to pmby the light of nature, or by a general tradition from duce a scene infinitely more great and glorious than our first parents, prevails among all the nations of what=we are able to imagine. It is not impossible the world, whatsoever different notions they entertain but at the consummation of all things these outward of the Godhead. If you look into Homer, that is, apartments of nature, which are now suited to those the inost ancient of the Greek writers, you see the beings who inhabit them, may be taken in and supreme power seated in the heavens, and encom-added to that glorious place of which I am here passed with inferior deities, among whom the Muses speaking, and by that means made a proper habitaare represented as singing incessantly about his tion for beings who are exempt from mortality, and throne. Who does not here see the main strokes cleared of their imperfections: for so the Scripture and outlines of this great truth we are speaking of ? seems to intimate when it speaks of new heayens The same doctrine is shadowed out in many other and of a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness.' heathen authors, though at the same time, like seve- “ I have only considered this glorious place with ral other revealed truths, dashed and adulterated regard to the sight and imagination; though it is with a mixture of fables and human inventions. highly probable that our other sensex may here But to pass over the notions of the Greeks and likewise enjoy their highest gratifications. There
is nothing which more ravishes and transports the Divine Being, as he iubabits infipilude, as he gwelis
Sunt bona, sunt quædam mediocria, sunt mala paura,
Mart, Epig. i 17.
Some good, more bad, some neither one for t'other. neither eye hath seen, nor ear heard, nor can it I am at present sitting with a heap of letters be enter into the heart of man to conceive? I knew a fore me, which I have received under the character man in Christ (says St. Paul, speaking of himself) of Spectator. I have complaints from lovers, schemes above fourteen years ago (whether in the body, 1 from projectors, scandal from ladies, congratulations
, cannot tell; or whether out of the body, I cannot compliments, and advice, in abundance. tell; God knoweth), such a one caught up to the I have not been thus long an author, to be insen third heaven. And I knew such a man (whether in sible of the natural fondness every person must have the body or out of the body, I cannot tell, God for their own productions; and I begin to think I knoweth), how that he was caught up into paradise, have treated my correspondents a little too uncivilly and heard unspeakable words, which it is not possible in-stringing them all together on a file, and letting for man to utter.' By this is meant, that what he them lie so long unregarded. I shall therefore, for heard is so infinitely different from any thing which the future, think myself at least obliged to take some he had heard in this world, that it was impossible to notice of such letters as I receive, and may possibly express it in such words as : night convey a notion of do it at the end of every month. it to his hearers.
In the mean time I intend my present paper as a “ It is very natural for us to take delight in in- short answer to most of those which have been alquirjes concerning any foreigu country, where we ready sent me. are some time or other to make our abode ; and as The public, however, are not to expect I should let we all hope to be admitted
into this glorious place, them into all my secrets; and, though I appear abit is both a laudable and useful curiosity to get what struse to most
people, it is sufficient if I am underinformations we can of it, whilst we make use of stood by my particular correspondents
. revelation for our guide. When these everlasting My well-wisher, Van Nath, is very arch, but not doors shall be opened to us, we may be sure that quite enough so to appear in print. the pleasures and beauties of this place will infi- Philadelphus will, in a little time, see his query nitely
transcend our present hopes and expectations, fully answered by a treatise which is now in the pres. and that the glorious appearance of the throne of It was very improper at that time to comply with God will rise infinitely beyond whatever we are able Mr. G. to conceive of it. We might here entertain our- Miss Kitty must excuse me. selves with many other speculations on this subject, The gentleman who sent me a copy of verses ou from those several hints which we find of it in the his mistress's dancing, is, I believe, too thoroughly holy scriptures; as, whether there may not be dif- in love to compose correctly. ferent mansions and apartments of glory to beings I have too great a respect for both the universi
of different natures; whether, as they excel one an- ties, to praise one at the expense of the other. other in perfection, they are not admitted nearer to Tom Nimble is a very honest fellow, and I desire the throne of the Almighty, and enjoy greater mani- him to present
my humble service to his
cousin Fiu festations of his presence; whether there are not Bumper. solemn times and occasions, when all the multitude I am obliged for the letter upon prejudice. of heaven celebrate the presence of their Maker in I may in due time animadvert on the case of Grace more extraordinary forms of praise and adoration ; Grumble. as Adam, though he had continued in a state of in- The petition of P. S. granted. pocence, would, in the opinion of our divines, have That of Sarah Loveit retused. kept holy the Sabbath-day in a more particular The papers of A. S. are returned. manner than any other of the seven. These, and
I thank Aristippus for his kind invitation. the like speculations, we may very innocently in. My friend at Woodstock is a bold man to under dulge, so long as we make use of them to inspire us take for all within ten miles of bim. with a desire of becoming inhabitants of this de- I am afraid the entertainment of Tom Turnover lightful place.
will hardly be relished by the good cities of London I have in this, and in two foregoing letters, and Westminster. treated on the most serious subject that can employ I must consider further of it, before I indalgo the mind of man--the omnipresence of the Deity; w. F. in those freedoms he takes with the ladies' a subject which, if possible, should never depart stockings. from our meditations. We have considered the I am obliged to the ingenious gentleman ple seat
we do ode on the subject of a tare Spectator, and the itch of writing." This cacoëthes is as epidesvall take particular notice of his fast letter. mical'as the small-pox, there being very few who
When the lady who wrote me a letter dated July are not seized with it some time or other in their 'the 20th, in relation to some passages in a Lover, lives. There is, however, this difference in these will be more particular in her directions, I shall be two distempers, that the first, after having indisso in my answer.
posed you for a time, never returns again: whereas The poor gentleman who fancies my writings could ihis I am speaking of, when it is once got into the reclaim a husband, who can abuse such a wife as he blood, seldom comes out of it. The British nation describes, has, I am afraid, too great an opinion of is very much afflicted with this malady, and though my skill.
very many remedies have been applied to persons Philauthropos is, I dare say, a very well-meaning infected with it, few of them have ever proved sucman, but is a little too prolix in his compositions. cessful. Some have been cauterized with satires
Constantius himself must be the best judge in the and lampoons, but have received little or no benefit affair he mentions.
from them; others have had their heads fastened for The letter dated from Lincoln is received. an hour together between a cleft board, which is Arethusa and her friend may bear further from me. made use of as a cure for the disease when it apCelia is a little too hasty.
pears in its greatest malignity. There is, indeed, Harriet is a good girl, but must not courtesy to one kind of this malady which has been sometimes folks she does not know.
removed, like the biting of a tarantula, with the I must ingenuously confess my friend Samson sound of a musical instrument, which is commonly i Benstaff has quite puzzled me, and writ me a long known by the name of a cat-call. But if you have
letter which I cannot comprehend one word of. a patient of this kind under your care, you may as**Collidan' must also explain what he means by his sure yourself there is no other way of recovering "drigelling.”
him effectually, but by forbidding him the use of I think it beneath my spectatorial dignity to con- pen, ink, and paper. cern myself in the affair of the boiled dumpling. But, to drop the allegory before I have tired it
I shall consult some literati on the project sent out, there is no species of scribblers more offensive, me for the discovery of the longitude.
and more incurable, than your periodical writers, · I know not how to conclude this paper better than whose words return upon the public on certain days, by inserting a couple of letters which are really ge- and at stated times. We have not the consolation naine, and which I look upon to be two of the in the perusal of these authors which we find at the smartest pieces I bave received from my correspond reading of all others, namely, that we are sure, if we ents of either sex :
have but patience, we may come to the end of their “ BROTHER SPEC.,
labours. I have often admired a humorous saying
of Diogenes, who reading a dull author to several of While you are surveying every object that falls his friends, when every one began to be tired, findin your way, I am wholly taken up with one. Had ing that he was almost come to a blank leaf at the that sage who demanded what beauty was, lived to end of it, he cried, “ Courage, lads, I see land.” see the dear angel I love, he would not have asked On the contrary, our progress through that kind of such a question. Had another seen her, he would writers I am now speaking of is never at an end. himself have loved the person in whom Heaven has One day makes work for another--we do not know made virtue visible; and, were you yourself to be when to promise ourselves rest. in ber company, you could never, with all your lo
It is a melancholy thing to consider that the art quacity, say enough of her good-humour and sense of printing, which might be the greatest blessing to I send you the outlines of a picture, which I can mankind, should prove detrimental to us, and that no more finish, than I can sufficiently admire the it should be made use of to scatter prejudice and igdear original. I am, your most affectionate Brother, norance through a people, instead of conveying to
“ CONSTANTIO Spec.” them truth and knowledge. “ Good MR. PERT,
I was lately reading a very whimsical treatise, “ I will allow you nothing until you resolve me logy. This profound author, among many
entitled William Ramsay's Vindication of Astrothe following question. Pray what is the reason passages, has the following one : « The absence of that, while you only talk now upon Wednesdays, the sun is not the cause of night, forasmuch as his Fridays, and Mondays
, you pretend to be a greater light is so great that it may illuminate the earth all tatler than when you spoke every day as you for over at once, as clear as broad day; but there are merly used to do?' If this be your plunging out of tenebrificous and dark stars, by whose influence your tacitarvity, pray let the length of your speeches night is brought on, and which do ray out darkness compensate for the scarceness of them. I am, good and obscurity upon the earth as the sun does light." Ms. Pert, “ Your Admirer,
I consider writers in the same view this sage as. “ If you will be long enough for me, “ AMANDA LOVELENGTH."
trologer does the heavenly bodies. Some of them are stars that scatter light as others do darkness. I
could mention several authors who are tenebrificous No. 582.). WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 18, 1714. gentlemen, who have been dull in concert, and may
stars of the first magnitude, and point out a knot of
be looked upon as a dark constellation. The nation Scribendi cacoethes
has been a great while benighted with several of The curse of writing is an endless itch.-CR. DRYDEN.
these antiluminaries. I suffered them to ray out There is a certain distemper, which is mentioned their darkness as long as I was able to endure it, neither by Galen inor Hippocrates, nor to be met till at length I came to a resolution of rising upon with in the London Dispensary. Juvenal, in the them, and hope in a little time to drive them quite motto of my paper, terms it a cacoëthes; which is out of the British hemisphere. ir burd word for a disease called in plain English,
. Put in the pillory.
Tenet insanabile multos
Juv. Sat. vii. 51.