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I will lay before yuu, and leave you to judge of it. of those vehicles. I am sure I suffered sufficiently My father and mother both being in declining years, by the insolence and ill-breeding of some persons would faiu see me, their eldest son, as they call it, who travelled lately with me in a stage-coach out of settled, Tan as much for that as they can be: but Essex to London. I am sure, when you have heard I must be settled, it seems, not according to my own, what I have to say, you will think there are persons but their, liking. Upon this account I am teased under the character of gentlemen, that are fit to be .every day, because I have not yet fallen in love, in no where else but in the coach-box. Sir, I am a spite of nature, with one of a neighbouring gentle- young woman of a sober and religious education, and man's daughters; for, out of their abundant gene- have preserved that character; but on Monday was rosity, they give me the choice of four. "Jack,' fortnight it was my misfortune to come to London. begins my father, 'Mrs. Catharine is a fine woman.' I was no sooner clapped in the coach, but, to my

- Yes, Sir, but she is rather too old. She will great surprise, two persons in the habit of gentlemen make the more discreet manager, boy.' Then my atta'ked ine with such indecent discourse as I can. mother plays her part. Is not Mrs. Betty exceed not repeat to you, so you may conclude not fit for ing fair? Yes, Madam, but she is of no conver- me to hear. I had no relief but the hopes of a sation; she has no fire, no agreeable vivacity; she speedy end of my short journey. Sir, form to yourdeither speaks nor looks with spirit.'— True, son, self what a persecution this must needs be to a virbut for those very reasons she will be an easy, soft, tuous and a chaste mind; and, in order to your obligiog, tractable creature.'— After all,' cries an proper handling such a subject, fancy your wife or old aunt (who belongs to the class of those who read daughter, if you had any, in such circumstances, and plays with spectacles on), “what think you, nephew, what treatment you would then think due to such of proper Mrs. Dorothy?'- What do I think? why, dragoons. One of them was called a captain, 'aud I think she cannot be above six foot* two inches entertained us with nothing but filthy stupid quesbigb.'-Well, well, you may banter as long as you tions, or lewd songs, all the way. Ready to burst please, but heigbt of stature is commanding and with sbame and indignation, I repiped that nature majestic.'—Come, come,' says a cousin of mine in had not allowed us as easily to shut our ears as our the family, 'I will fit him : Fidelia is yet behind eyes. But was not this a kind of rape ? Why pretty Miss Fiddy must please you.' – Oh! your should not every contributor to the abuse of chastily very humble servant, dear coz, she is as much too suffer death ? I am sure these shameless heliyoung as her eldest sister is too old.'— Is it so in. bounds deserved it highly. Can you exert yourself deed,' quoth she, 'good Mr. Pert? You who are better than on such an occasion ? If you do not do but barely turned of twenty-two, and Miss Fiddy in it effectually, I will read no more of your papers. haif a year's time will be in her teens, and she is Has every impertinent fellow a privilege tu torment capable of learning any thing. Then she will be me, who pay my coach-bire as well as he? Sir, $0 observant; she will cry perhaps now and then, pray consider us in this respect as the weakest sex, but never be angry.”. Thus they will think for me who have nothing to defend ourselves; and I think it in this matter, wherein I am more particularly con- as gentleman-like to challenge a woman to fight as to cerned than any body else. If I name any woman talk obscenely in her company, especially when she in the world, one of these daughters has certainly has not power to stir. Pray let me tell you a story the same qualities. You see by these few 'hints, which you can make fit for public view. I knew a Mr. Spectator, what a comfortable life I lead. To gentleman, who having a very good opinion of the be still more open and free with you, I have been gentlemen of the army, invited ten or twelve of them passionately fond of a young lady (whom give me to sup with him; and at the same time invited two leave to call Miranda) now for these three years. or three friends who were very severe against the I bare often urged the matter bome to my parents manners and morals of the gentlemen of that profeswith all the submission of a son, but the impatience sion. It happened one of them brought two captains of a lover. Pray, Sir, think of three years; what of his regiment newly come into the army, who at inexpressible scenes of inquietude, what variety of first onset engaged the company with very lewd misery must I have gone through in three long healths and suitable discourse. You may easily whole' years ! Miranda's fortune is equal to those i imagine the confusion of the entertainer, who find. have mentioned; but her relations are not intimates ing some of his friends very uneasy, desired to tell with mine. Ah! there's the rub: Miranda's per- them the story of a great man, one Mr. Locke son, wit, and humour, are what the nicest fancy (whom I find you frequently mention), that having could imagine: and, though we know you to be so been invited to dine with the then Lords Halifax, elegant a judge of beauty, yet there is none

among Anglesey, and Shaftesbury, immediately after dinall your various characters of fine women preferable ner, instead of conversation, the cards were called to Miranda. In a word, she is never guilty of doing for, where the bad or good success produced the any thing but one amiss (if she can be thought to do usual passions of gaming. Mr. Locke retiring to a amiss by me); in being as blind to my faulis as she window, and writing, my Lord Anglesey desired to is to her own perfections.

know what he was writing : Why, my lords,' an“I am, Sir,

swered he, 'I could not sleep last night for the “Your very humble obedient Servant, pleasure and improvement I expected from the con“ DusteBERASTUS."

versation of the greatest men of the age. This so "MR. SPECTATOR,

sensibly stung them, that they gladly compounded to

Throw their cards in the fire, if he would his paper, " When you spent so much time as you did lately and so a conversation ensued fit for such persons. in censuring the ambitious young gentlemen who This story pressed so hard upon the young captains, ride iz triumph through town and country on coach- together with the concurrence of their superior offiboxes, I wished you had employed those moments in cers, that the young fellows left the company in consideration of what passes soinetimes within-side confusion. Sir

, I know you hate long things; but if you like it, you may contract it, or how you will;

but I think it has a morai in it. SPECTATOR-Nos. 77 $ 78.


• Feel

Rarus enim ferme sensus communis in illa

Juv. Sat. vii. 73.
-We seldom find

But, Sir, I am told you are a famous mechanic for no one will answer as if I were their friend or as well as a looker-on, and therefore humbly propose companion. Pray, Sir, be pleased to take the part you would invent some padlock, with full power of us beauties and fortunes into your consideration, under your hand and seal, for all modest persons, and do not let us be thus flattered out of our senses. either men or women, to clap upon the mouths of all I have got a hussy of a maid who is most craftily such impertinent impudent fellows: and I wish you given to this ill quality, I was at first diverted with would publish a proclamation that no modest person, a certain absurdity the creature was guilty of in who has a value for her countenance, and conse- every thing she said. She is a country girl; and, quently would not be put out of it, presume to travel in the dialect of the shire she was born in, would after such a day without one of them in their pockets. tell me that every body reckoned her lady had the I fancy a smart Spectator upon this subject would purest red and white in the world; then would tell serve for such a padlock; and that public notice me I was the most like one Sisly Dobson in their may be given in your paper where they may bi bad, town, who made the miller make away with himself, with directions, price two-pence; and that part of and walk afterward in the corn-field where they used the directions may be, when any person presumes to meet. With all this, this cunning hussy ean lay to be guilty of the above-mentioned crime, the party letters in my way, and put a billet in my gloves, and aggrieved 'may produce it to his face, with a request then stand in it she knows nothing of it. I do not to read it to the company. He must be very much know, from my birth to this day, that I have been hardened that could outface that rebuke; and his ever treated by any one as I ought; and if it were further punishment I leave you to prescribe. not for a few books, which I delight in, I should be

“ Your humble Servant, at this hour a novice to all common sense. Would T. * PENANCE CRUEL." it not be worth your while to lay down rules for be

haviour in this case, and tell people, that we fair

ones expect honest plain answers as well as other No. 534.] WEDNESDAY, NOV. 12, 1712.

people ? Why must I, good Sir, because I bave a good air, a fine complexion, and am in the bloom of my years, be misled in all my actions; and have the notions of good and ill confounded in my mind, for

no other offence, but because I have the advantages Much sense with an exalted fortune join'd.-STEPNEY.

of beauty and fortune ? Indeed, Sir, wbat with the “ Mr. SPECTATOR,

silly homage which is paid us by the sort of people I am a young woman of niueteen, the only I have above spoken of, and the utter negligence which daughter of very wealthy parents, and have my

others have for us, the conversation of us young wowhole life been used with a tenderness which did me men of condition is no oth

than what must espose no great service in my education. I have perhaps

us to ignorance and vanity, if not vice. All this is an uncommon desire for knowledge of what is suit- humbly submitted to your spectatorial wisdom, by Sir, able to my sex and quality; but, as far as I can re

“ Your humble Servant, member, the whole dispute about me has been whe

“ SHARLOT WEALTAY." ther such a thing was proper for the child to do, or not? or whether such a food was the more wholesome

“MR. SPECTATOR, Will's Coffee-house. for the young lady to eat? This was ill for my Pray, Sir, it will serve to fill up a paper if you shape, that for my complexion, and the other for my put in this; which is only to ask, whether that copy eyes. I am not extravagant when I tell you I do of verses which is a paraphrase of Isaiah, in one of not know that I have trod upon the very earth ever your speculations, is not written by Mr. Pope? since I was ten years old. A coach or chair I am 'Then you get on another line, by putting in, with obliged to for all my motions from one place to an- proper distances, as at the end of a letter. other ever since I can remember. All who had to

“I am, Sir, your humble Servant, do to instruct me, have ever been bringing stories of

“ ABRAHAM DAPPERWIT." the notable things I have said, and the womanly manner of my behaving myself upon such and such “ MR. DAPPERWIT, an occasion. This has been my state until I came

“ I am glad to get another line forward, by say. towards years of womanhood; and ever since I grew towards the age of fifteen I have been abused after ing that excellent piece is Mr. Pope's; and so, another manner. Now, forsooth, I am so killing,

with proper distances, no one can safely speak to me. Our house is fre- “ I am, Sir your humble Servant, quented by men of sense, and I love to ask ques

“The SPECTATOR." tions when I fall into such conversation : but I am cut short with something or other about my bright

“MR. SPECTATOR, eyes. There is, Sir, a language particular for talk- “ I was a wealthy grocer in the city, and as fortuing to women in; and none but those of the very nate as diligent; but I was a single man, and you tiist good breeding (who are very few, and who know there are women. One in particular came to seldom come into my way) can speak to us without my shor, who I wished might, but was afraid never "Tegard to our sex. Among the generality of those would, make a grocer's wife. I thought, however, they call gentlemen, it is impossible for me to speak to take an effectual way of courting, and sold to her upon any subject whatsoever, without provoking at less price than I bought, that I might buy at less somebody to say, 'Oh! to be sure, fine Mrs. Such- price than sold. She, you may be sure, ofteu a-one must be very particularly acquainted with all came and helped me to many customers at the same that; all the world would contribute to her enter rate, fancying I was obliged to her. You must 'tainment and information. Thus, Sir, I am so needs think this was a good living trade, and my bandsome that I murder all who approach me; so riches must be vastly improved. 10 fine, I was wise that I want no new notices : and so well-bred nigh being declared bankrupt, when I declared mythat I am treated by all that know we like a fool, | self her lover, and she herself married. I was just

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iu a condition to support myself, and am now in satisfied if we possess ourselves of such and such hopes of growing rich by losing my customers. particular enjoyments; but either by reason of their “ Yours,

emptiness, or the natural inquietude of the mind, we “ JEREMY COMFır." have no sooner gained one point, but we extend our "** MR. SFECTATOR,

hopes to another. We still find new inviting scenes

and landscapes lying behind those which at a dis"I am in the condition of the idol you was once tance terminated our view. pleased to mention, and bar-keeper of a coffee- The natural consequences of such reflections are house. I believe it is needless to tell you the oppor- these; that we should take care not to let our hopes tunities I must give, and the importunities I suffer. run out into too great a length; that we should sufBut there is one gentleman who besieges me as close ficiently weigh the objects of our hope, whether they as the French did Bouchain. His gravity makes be such as we may reasonably expect from them him work cautious, and his regular approaches de what we propose in their fruition, and whether they note a good engineer. You need not doubt of his are such as we are pretty sure of attaiuing, in case oratory, as he is a lawyer; and especially since he our life extend itself so far. If we hope for things bas had so little use of it at Westminster, he may which are at too great a distance from us, it is possispare the more for me,

ble that we may be intercepted by death in our pro“What then can weak woman do? I am willing to gress towards them. If we hope for things of which surrender, but he would have it at discretion, and I we have not thoroughly considered the value of, with discretion. In the mean time, whilst we par- our disappointment will be greater than our plealey, our several interests are neglected. As his sure in the fruition of them. If we hope for what siege grows stronger, my tea grows weaker : and we are not likely to possess, we act and think in while he pleads at my bar, none come to him for vain, and make life a greater dream and shadow counsel but in formâ pauperis. Dear Mr. Spectator, than it really is. advise him not to insist upon hard articles, nor by Many of the miseries and misfortunes of life prohis irregular desires contradict the well-meaning ceed from our want of consideration, in one or all lines of his countenance. If we were agreed, we of these particulars. They are the rocks on which the might settle to something, as soon as we could de- sanguine tribe of lovers split, and on which the termine where we should get most by the law-at bankrupt, the politician, the alchymist, and prothe coffee-house or at Westminster.

jector, are cast away in every age. Men of warm “ Your humble Servant,

imaginations and towering thoughts are apt to over“ LUCINDA PARLEY." look the goods of fortune which are near them, for A Minute from Mr. John Sly.

something that glitters in the sight at a distance;

to neglect solid and substantial happiness, for what " The world is pretty regular for about forty rod is showy and superficial; and to conteinn that good east and ten west of the observatory of the said Mr. which lies within their reach, for that which they Sly ; but he is credibly informed, that when they are not capable of attaining: Hope calculates its tre got beyond the pass into the Strand, or those schemes for a long and durable life; presses forward who move city-ward' are got within Temple-bar, to imaginary points of bliss; grasps at impossibilithey are just as they were before. It is therefore ties; and consequently very often ensnares men into humbly proposed, that moving sentries may be ap- beggary, ruin, and dishonour. pointed all the busy hours of the day between the What I have here said may serve as a model to Exchange and Westminster, and report what passes an Arabian fable, which I find translated into to your bonour, or your subordinate officers, from French by Monsieur Galland. The fable has in it time to time."

such a wild but natural simplicity, that I question Ordered,

not but my reader will be as much pleased with it That Mr. Sly name the said officers, provided he as I have been, and that he will consider himself, will answer for their principles and morals.-T. if he reflects ou the several amusements of hope

which have sometimes passed in his mind, as a near

relation to the Persian glassman. No.535.] THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1712. Alnaschar, says the table, was a very idle fellow Spem longam reseces.

that never would set his hand to any business duCut short vain hope.

ring his father's life. When his father died, he left

him to the value of a hundred drachmas in Persian My four - hundred-and-seventy-first speculation money. Alnaschar, in order to make the best of it, turned upon the subject of hope in general. I de- laid it out in glasses, bottles, and the finest earthen siga this paper as a speculation upon that vain and ware. These he piled up in a large open basket, foolish hope, which is misemployed on temporal ob- and, having made choice of a very little shop, jects

, and produces many sorrows and calamities in placed the basket at his feet; and leaned his back human life.

upon the wall in expectation of customers. As be It is a precept several times inculcated by Ho- sat in this posture, with his eyes upon the basket, race, that we should not entertain a hope of any he fell into a most amusing train of thought, and was thing in life which lies at a great distance from us. overheard by one of his neighbours, as he talked 10 The shortness and uncertainty of our time here himself in the following manner : "This basket,” makes such a kind of hope unreasunable and ab- says he, "cost me at ihe wholesale nuerchuut's a surd. The grave lies unseen between us and the hundreå drachmas, which

is all I have in the world. object which

we reach aiter. Where one man lives to I shall quickly make two hundred of it by selling it enjoy the good he has in view, len thousand are cut in retail. These two hundred drachmas will in a off in the pursuit of it.

very little while rise to four hundred, which of course It happens likewise unluckily, that one hope no will amonnt in time to four thousand. Four thousooner dies in us but another rises up in its stead. sand drachmas cannot fail of making eight thousand. We are apt to fancy that we shall be happy and As soon as by this means I am master of ten thou


HOR. I Od. xi. 7.

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sand, I will lay aside my trade of a glass-man, and observed, in the midst of her discourse, tial sbe turn jeweller. I shall then deal in diamonds, pearls, Aushed and cast an eye upon me over her shoulder, and all sorts of rich stones. When I have got toge- having been informed by my bookseller that I us ther as much wealth as I well can desire, I will make the man of the short face whom she had so oflen a purchase of the finest house I can find, with lands, read of. Upon her passing by me, the pretty blownslaves, eunuchs, and horses. I shall then begin to ing creature smiled in my face, and dropped me a enjoy myself, and make a noise in the world I will curtsey. She scarce gave me time to returu ber pot however stop there, but still contin.. my craffic, salute, before she quitted the shop with an easy until I have got together a hundred thousand drach- skuttle, and stepped again into her coach, giving inas. When I have thus made myself master of a the footman directions to drive where they were boxt. hundred thousand drachmas, I shall naturally set Upon her departure, my bookseller gave me a letter myself on the foot of a prince, and will demand the superscribed“ To the ingenious Spectator," which grand vizier's daughter in marriage, after having the young lady had desired him to deliver into toy represented to that minister the information which own hands, and to tell me that the speedy pubinaI have received of the beauty, wit, discretion, and tion of it would not only oblige herself, but a shale other high qualities which his daughter possesses. tea-table of my friends. I opened it therefore wa I will let him know, at the same time, that it is my a resolution to publish it

, whatever it should contaia, intention to make him a present of a thousand pieces and am sure if any of my male readers will be sa of gold on our marriage-night. As soon as I have severely critical as not to like it, they would have married the grand vizier's daughter, I will buy her been as well pleased with it as myself, had they seea ten black tunuchs, the youngest and the best that the face of the pretty scribe. can be got for money. I must afterward make my father-in-law a visit, with a great train and equi.

"MR. Spectator, London, Nor. 1712. page. And when I am placed at his right hand,

"You are always ready to receive any useful bint which he will do of course, if it be only to honour or proposal, and such, I believe, you will think one his daughter, I will give him the thousand pieces of that may put you in a way to employ the most idle golit which I promised him; and afterward to his part of the kingdom: I mean that part of mankind great surprise, will present him another purse of the who are known by the name of the women's men, same value, with some short speech : as, 'Sir, you or beaux, &c. Mr. Spectator, you are sensible these see I am a man of my word : 'I always give more pretty gentlemen are not made for manly employthan I promise.'

ments, and for want of business are often as much ** When I have brought the princess to my house, in the vapours as the ladies. Now what I propuse I shall take particular care to breed in her a due is this, that since knotting is again in fashion, which respect for me before I give the reins to love and has been found a very pretty amusement, ibat you dalliance. To this end, I shall confine her to her will recommend it to these gentlemen as something own apartment, make her a short visit, and talk but that may make them useful to the ladies they a4little to her. Her women will represent to me, that mire. And since it is not inconsistent with any she is inconsolable by reason of my unkindness, and game, or other

diversion, for it may be done in the beg me with tears to caress her, and let her sit down playhouse, in their coaches, at the tea-table, aod in by me; but I shall still remain inexorable, and

will short in all places where they come for the sake of turn my back upon her all the first night. Her the ladies (except at church; be pleased w forbid it mother will then come and bring her daughter to there, to prevent mistakes), it will be easily cottme, as I am seated upon my sofa. The daughter, plied with. It is, besides, an employment that alwith tears in her eyes, will Aling herself at my feet, lows, as we see by the fair sex, of many graces, and beg of me to receive her into my favour. Then which will make the beaux more readily come into will I, to imprint in her a thorough veneration for it: it shows a white hand and a diamond ring to my person, draw up my legs and spurn her from me great advantage; it leaves the eyes at full liberty with my foot, in such a manner that she shall fall to be employed as before, as also the thoughts and down several paces from the sofa.”

the tongue. In short, it seems in every respect so Alnasehar was entirely swallowed up in this chi- proper, that it is needless to urge it further, by merical vision, and could not forbear' acting with speaking of the satisfaction these male knouers will his foot what he had in his thoughts ; so that un.

find, when they see their work mixed up in a fringe, Juckily striking his basket of brittle 'ware, which and worn by the fair lady for whom and with whom was the foundation of all his grandeur, he kicked it was done. Truly, Mr. Spectator, I cannot but his glasses to a great distance from him into the be pleased I have hit upon something that these street, and broke them into a thousand pieces.

gentlemen are capable of; for it is sad so consider0.

able a part of the kingdom (I mean for numbers) should be of no manner of use. I shall not trouble

you further at this time, but only to say, that I am No. 536.) FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 14, 1712. always your reader, and generally your admirer. O veræ Phrygiæ, neque enim Phryges! -Virg. Æn. ix. 617.

“ C, B. 0! less than women in the shapes of men.-DRYDEN.

“ P. S. The sooner these fine gentlemen are set As I was the other day standing in my booksel. fine fringes that stay only for more hands."

to work the better; there being at this time several ler's sbop, a pretty young thing about eighteen years of age stepped out of her coach, and, brushing the description of a set of men who are common

I shall in the next place present my reader with by me, beckoned the man of the shop to the further enough in the world, though I do not remember that end of his counter, where she whispered something I have yet taken notice of them, as they are drawn to him, with an attentive look, and at the same time in the following letter :presented him with a letter: after which, pressing the end of her fan upon his hand, she delivered the

“ MR. SPECTATOR, remaining part of her message, and withdrew. “Since you have lately, to so good purpose, ed

Now you

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larged upon conjugal love, it is to be hoped you will of merit, as it is understood to have been originally discourage every practice that rather proceeds from a reward of it. a regard to interest than to happiness.

“ It is for the like reason, I imagine, that you cannot but observe, that most of our fine young have in some of your speculations asserted to your ladies readily fall in with the direction of the graver readers the dignity of human nature. But you cansort, to retain in their service by some small encou- not be insensible that this is a controverted doctrine; mgement as great a number as they can of supernu- there are authors who consider human nature in a merary and insignificant fellows, which they use very different view, and books of maxims have been like whifflers, and commonly call shoeing horns.' written to show the falsity of all human virtues.* These are never designed to know the length of the The reflectioas which are made on the subject foot, but only, when a good offer comes, to whet and usually take some tincture from the tempers and spur him up to the point. Nay, it is the opinion of characters of those that make them. Politicians can that grave lady, Madam Matchwell, that it is abso- resolve the most shining actions among men into lutely convenient for every prudent family to have artifice and design : others who are soured by disseveral of these implements about the house to clap content, repulses, or ill-usage, are apt to mistake on as occasion serves; and that every spark ought their spleen for philosophy; men of profligate lives, to produce a certificate of his being a shoeing horn and such as find themselves incapable of rising to before he be admitted as a shoe. A certain lady any distinction among their fellow-creatures, are for whom I could name, if it was necessary, has at pre- pulling down all appearances of merit which seein sent more shoeing horns of all sizes, countries, and to upbraid them; and satirists describe nothing but colonrs, ia her service, than ever she had new shoes deformity. From all these hands, we have such in her life. I have known a woman make use of a draughts of mankind as are represented in thuse shueing horn for several years, and, finding him un burlesque pictures which the Italians call caricasuccessful in that function, convert him at length turas; where the art consists in preserving, amidst into a shoe. I am mistaken if your friend, Mr. Wil. distorted proportions and aggravated features, some Liam Honeycomb, was not a cast shoeing horn be- distinguishing likeness of the person, but in such a fore his late marriage. As for myself, I must frankly manner as to transform the most agreeable beauty declare to you, that I have been an errant shoeing into the most odious monster. horn for above these twenty years. I served my “ It is very disingenuous to level the best of manfirst mistress in that capacity above five of the num- kind with the worst, and for the faults of particulars ber, before she was shod. I confess, though she had to degrade the whole species. Such methods tend many who made their applications to her, I always not only to remove a man's good opinion of others, thought myself the best shoe in her shop; and it but to destroy that reverence for himselt, which is a was not until a month before her marriage that I great guard of innocence, and a spring of virtue. discovered what I was.

“ It is true, indeed, that there are surprisidy mis. This had like to have broke my heart, and raised tures of beauty and deformity, of wisdom and foliy, such suspicions in me, that I told the next I made virtue and vice, in the human make: such a dispalove to, upon receiving some unkind usage from her, rity is found among numbers of the same kind; and that I began to look upon myself as no more than every individual in some instances, or at some times, ber shoeing horn. Upon which, my dear, who was is so unequal to himself, that man seems to be the a coquette in her nature, told me I was hypochondri- most wavering and inconsistent being in tbe whole acal, and that I might as well look upon myself to creation. So that the question in morality conbe an egg, or a pipkin. But in a very short time cerning the dignity of our nature may at first sight after she gave me to know that I was not mistaken appear like some difficult questions in natural phiin myself. It would be tedious to you to recount the losophy, in which the arguments on both sides seem life of an unfortunate shoeing horn, or I might en- to be of equal strength. But, as I began with con. tertain you with a very long and melancholy relation sidering this point as it relates to action, I shall of my sufferings. Upon the whole, I think, Sir, it here borrow an admirable reflection from Monsieur would very well become a man in your post, to de. Pascal, which I think sets it in its proper light. termine in what cases a woman may be allowed with • It is of dangerous consequence,' says he, 'to honour to make use of a shoeing horn, as also to represent to man how near he is to the level of declare, whether a maid on this side five-and-twenty, beasts, without showing him at the same time his or a widow who has not been three years in that greatness. It is likewise dangerous to let him see state, may be granted such a privilege, with other his greatness without his meanness. It is more difficulties which will naturally occur to you upon dangerous yet to leave bim ignorant of either; but “I am, Sir,

very beneficial that he should be made sensible of “ With the most profound veneration,

both. Whatever imperfections we may have in 0.

Yours,” &c.

our nature, it is the business of religion and virtue to rectify them, as far as is consistent with our pre

sent state. In the mean time, it is no small entouNo. 537.] SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 15, 1712. ragement to generous minds to consider, that we For we are his offspring.-Acts xvii. 28.

shall put thein all off with our mortality. That “ TO THE SPECTATOR.

sublime manner of salutation with which the Jews

approach their kings, " It has been usual to remind persons of rank,

O king, live for ever' on great occasions in life, of their race and quality, mav be addressed to the lowest and most despised and to what expectations they were born ; that by mortal amoag us, under all the infirmities and disconsidering what is worthy of them, they may be withdrawn from mean pursuits, and encouraged to

* An allusion to the following book, Reflexions et Maximes laudable undertakings. This is turning nobility says of him, that he had no more belief in virtues than he had

Morales de M. le Duc de la Rochefoucault-Mad. L'Enclos into a principle of virtue, and making it productive in ghosts,

that subject.

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