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in a passage which I shall here set down, after hav. “ Mr. SPECTATOR, ing premised, that notwithstanding there is such in. “ The just value you have expressed for the mafinite room between man and his Maker for the trimonial state is the reason that I now venture to creative power to exert itself in, it is impossible that write to you, without the fear of being ridicalous : it should ever be filled up, since there will be still and confess to you that though it is three months an infinite gap or distance between the highest since I lost a very agreeable woman, who was ty created being and the Power which produced him. wile, my sorrow is still fresh; and I am oiten, i
“That there should be more species of intelligent the midst of company, upon any eircumstance tha: creatures above us, than there are of sensible and revives her memory, with a retlection what she materiul below us, is probable to me from hence: should say or do on such an occasion: I say, apuu that in all the visible corporeal world we see no any occurrence of that nature, which I can give you chasms, or no gaps. All quite down from us the de a sense of, though I cannot express it wholly, I ata scent is by easy steps, and a continued series of all over softness, and am obliged to retire and are things, that in each remove differ very little one way to a few sighs and tears before I can be easy from the other. There are fishes that have wings, I cannot but recommend the subject of male widerand are not strangers to the airy region; and there hood to you, and beg you to touch upon it by the are some birds that are inhabitants of the water, first opportunity. To those who have not lived like whose blood is cold as fishes, and their flesh so like husbands during the lives of their spouses this would in taste, that the scrupulous are allowed them on fish. be a tasteless jumble of words; but la sach of days. There are animals so near of kin both to whom there are not a few.) who have enjoyed that birds and beasts, that they are the middle between state with the sentiments proper for it, you will have both. Amphibious animals link the terrestrial and every line, which hits the sorrow, attended with a aquatic together. Seals live at land and at sea, and tear of pity and consolation; for I know not by porpoises have the warın blood and entrails of a hog; what goodness of Providence it is that every gusa not to mention what is confidently reported of mer- of passion is a step towards the relief of it; and maids, or sea- men, there are some brutes that seem there is a certain comfort in the very act of sorrosto have as much knowledge and reason as some that ing, which, I suppose, arises from a secret codare called men; and the animal and vegetable sciousness in the mind, that the affliction it is under kingdoms are so nearly joined, that if you will take Hows from a virtuous cause. My concern is wat the lowest of one, and the highest of the other, there indeed so outrageous as at the first transport; for I will scarce be perceived any great difference between think it has subsided rather into a soberer state of them : and so on, until we come to the lowest and mind than any actual perturbation of spirit. T'here the most inorganical parts of matter, we shall find might be rules formed for men's behaviour on this every where that the several species are linked 10- great incident, to bring them froin tbat misfortune gether, and differ but in alınosi insensible degrees. into the condition I am at present; which is! And, when we consider the infinite power and wis- think, that my sorrow has converted all roughness o dom of the Maker, we have reason to think that it temper into meekness, good-nature, and complais suitable to the magnificent harmony of the uni-cency, But indeed, when in a serious and lonely verse, and the great design and infinite goodness of hour I present my departed consort to my imagináthe Architect, that the species of creatures should tion, with that air of persuasion in her countenance also by gentle degrees ascend upward from us to- when I have been in passion, that sweet affability wards hus infinite perfection, as we see they gra- when I have been in good humour, that tender comdually descend from us downward : which if it be passion when I have had anything which gave me probable, we have reason then to be persuaded that uneasiness; I confess to you I am inconsolable, and shere are far more species of creatures above us than my eyes gush with grief, as if I bad seen her but jus: there are beneath; we being in degrees of perfec- then expire. In this condition I am brukeu in epsa tion much more remote froin the infinite being of by a charming young woman, my daughter, who is God, than we are froin the lowest state of being, the picture of what her unuther was on her weddingand that which approaches nearest to nothing. And day. The good girl strives to comfort me; but by yet of all those distinct species we have no clear dis- shall I let you know that all the comfort sbe gives tinct ideas."
me is to make my tears tlow more easily ! The In this system of being, there is no creature so child knows she quickens my sorrows, and rejoices wonderful in its nature, and which so much deserves my heart at the same time. Oh, ye learned tell our particular attention, as man, who fills up the me by what word to speak a motion of the soul fur midule space between the auimal and intellectual which there is no name. When she kneels
, and bois nature, the visible and invisible world, and is that me be comforted, she is my child : when I take bet link in the chain of beings which has been often in my arins, and bid her say no more, she is mas termed the uerus utriusque mundi. So that he who, very wife, and is the very comforter I lament the in one respect is associated with angels and arch. loss of. I banish her the room, and weep aloud that angels, may look upon a Being of intinite perfection I have lost her mother, and that I have ber. as his father, and the highest order of spirits as his “ Mr. Spectator, I wish it were possible for me brethren, may in another respect say to corruption, to have a sense of these, pleasing perplexities; you ^ Thou art my father; and to the worm, Thou art might communicate to the guilty part of maakind my mother and my sister."-0.
that they are incapable of the happiness which is in the very sorrows of the virtuous.
“ But pray, spare me a little longer; give me No. 520.) MONDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1712.
leave to tell you the manner of her death. She loak
leave of all her family, and bore tbe vain applicaQuis desiderio sit pudor aut molus
tion of medicines with the greatest patience imarTam cbari capitis.-HOR. 1 Oxl xxiv. I.
nable. When the physician told her she must And who can grieve too much? What time shall end certainly die, she desired as well as she could that Our mourning for so dear a friend ?-CREICH.
| all who were present, except myself, might depart
No. 521.) TUESDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1712. she was "resigned, and I knew all she knew that concerned us in this world; but she desired to be
Fera redit facies, dissimulata perit.-P ANB. alone, that in the presence of God only she might,
The real face returns, the counterfeit is lost. without interruption, do her last duty to me, of * Mr. SPECTATOR, thanking me for all my kindness to her: adding, that she hoped in my last moments I should feel the
“I have been for many years loud in this assersame comfort for my goodness to her, as she did in tion, that there are very few that can see or hear; I that she had acquitted herself with honour, truth, mean, that can report what they have seen or heard; and virtue, to me.
and this through incapacity or prejudice, one of "I curb myself, and will not tell you that this which disables almost every man who talks to you kindness cut my heart in twain; when I expected from representing things as he ought. For which an accusation for some passionate starts of mine, in reason I am come to a resolution of believing nosome parts of our time together, to say nothing but thing I hear; and I contemn the man given to parthank me for the good, if there was any good suit- ration under the appellation of a matter of fact able to her own excellence! All that i had ever man: und, according to me, a matter-of-fact man is said to her, all the circumstances of sorrow and joy
one whose life and conversation is spent iu the re.. between us, crowded upon my mind in the same port of what is not matter of fact. instant: and when, immediately after, I saw the
“I remember when Prince Eugene was here, pangs of death, come upon that dear body whieh I there was no knowing his height or figure, until had often embraced with transport; when I saw you, Mr. Spectator, gave the public satisfaction in those cherishing eyes begin to be ghastly, and their that matter. In relations, the force of the expreslast struggle to be to fix themselves on me, how did sion lies very often more in the look, the tone of I lose all patience! She expired in my arms, and voice, or the gesture, than the words themselves ; in my distraction I thought I saw her bosom still which, being repeated in any other manner by the lease. There was certainly life yet still left. I undiscerning, bear a very different interpretation cried, she just now spoke to me. But, alas! I grew from their original meaning. I must confess I forgiddy, and all things moved about
ine, from the dis- merly have turned this humour of mine to very good temper of my own head; for the best of women was account; for whenever I heard any narration utbreathless and gone for ever.
tered with extraordinary vehemence, and grounded “Now the doctrine I would, methinks, have you upon considerable authority, I was always ready to raise from this account I have given you is, that lay any wayer that it was not so. Indeed I never there is a certain equanimity in those who are good pretended to be so rash as to fix the matter any parand just, which runs into their very sorrow, and dis. ticular way in opposition to theirs ; but as there are appoints the force of it. Though they must pass it has happened, I only controverted its falling out
a hundred ways of any thing happening, besides that through afflictions in common with all who are in human pature, yet their conscious integrity shall in that one manner as they settled it, and left it to undermine their affliction; nay, that very afiiction the ninety-nine other ways, and consequently had shall add force to their integrity, from a reflection more probability of success. I had arrived at a of the use of virtue in the hour of affliction. I sat particular skill in warming a man so far in his nardown with a design to put you upon giving us rules how ration as to make him throw in a little of the marto overcome such griefs as these, but I should rather vellous, and then, if he has much fire, the next deadvise you to teach men to be capable of them.
gree is the impossible. Now this is always the time “You men of letters have what you call the fine for fixing the wager. But this requires the nicest taste in your apprehensions of what is properly done management, otherwise very probably the dispute or said. "There is something like this deeply grafted may arise to the old determination by battle. In in the soul of him who is honest and faithful in all these conceits I have been very fortunate, and have laise, vicious, or unwortby, is despicable to him, themselves to great charge and expense to be mishis thoughts and actions. Everything which is won some wagers of those who have professedly va
lued themselves upon intelligence, and have put though all the world should approve it
. At the same informed considerably sooner than the rest of the time he has the most lively sensibility in all enjoyments and sufferings which it is proper for him to
world. have where any duty of life is concerned. To want
“ Having got a comfortable sum by this my opsorrow when you in decency and truth should be position to public report, I have brought myself afflicted, is, I should think, a greater instance of a
now to so great a perfection in inattention, more naa's being a blockhead than not to know the especially to party-relations, that at the same time beauty of any passage in Virgil. You have not yet I certainly do not know one word of it, but pursue
I seem with greedy ears to devour up the discourse, abserved, Mr. Spectator, that the fine gentlemen of this age set up for hardness of heart; and humanity my own course of thought, whether upon business or very little share in their pretences. He is a
amusement, with much tranquillity; I say inattenbrave fellow who is always ready to kill a man betion, because a late act of parliament* has secured hates, but he dues not stand in the same degree of all party liars from the penalty of a wager, and conesteem who laments for the woman he loves. I sequently made it unprofitable to attend to them. should fancy you might work up a thousand pretty the figure of the
keenest attention, the true posture
However, good-breeding obliges a man to maintain thoughts, by reflecting upon the persons most susceptible of the sort of sorrow I have spoken of: ing over a table with the edge of it pressing hard
of which in a coffee-house I take to consist in leanand I dare say you will find upon examination that they are the wisest and the bravest of mankind vahe upon your stomach : for the more pain the narration are most capable of its
is received with, the more gracious is your bending lam, Sir, your humble Servant, Norwich.74 Octobris, 1712.
* Stat. 7 Anne, cap. 17.-By it all wagers laid upon a con. T,
tingency relating to the war with France were declared to be
over; besides that the narrator thinks you forget I SHOULD esteem myself a very happy man is my your pain by the pleasure of hearing him. speculations could in the least contribuie to the rec
“ Fort Knock has occasioned several very per- ttying the conduct of my readers in one of the plexed and inelegant heats and animosities; and most important affairs of life, to wit, their cboice sa ihere was one the other day, in a coffee-house where marriage. This state is the foundation of commi. I was, that took upon him to clear that business to nity, and the chief band of society; and I do not me, for he said he was there. I knew him to be think I can be too frequent on subjects which may that sort of man that had not strength of capacity give light to my unmarried readers in a partieular to be informed of anything that depended merely which is so essential to their following happiness or upon his being an eye-witness, and therefore was misery. A virtuous disposition, a good understand fully satisfied he could give me no information, for ing, an agreeable person, and an easy fortune, are the very same reason he believed he could, for he the things which should be chietly regarded on the was there. However, I heard him with the same occasion. Because my present view is to direct a greediness as Shakspeare describes in the following young lady, who I think is now in doubt whom to lines :
iake of many lovers, I shall talk at this time to my I saw a smith stand with his hammer, thus,
female readers. The advantages, as I was going to With open mouth, swallowing a tailor's news. say, of sense, beauty, and riches, are what are cere “ I confess of late I have not been so much tainly the chief motives to a prudent young woman amazed at the declaimers in coffee-houses as I for- of fortune for changing her condition, but, as she merly was, being satisfied that they expect to be is to have her eye upon each of these, she is to ask rewarded for their vociferations. Of these liars there herself, whether the man who has most of these se are two sorts: the genius of the first consists in commendations in the lump is not the most desirable. mucb impudence, and a strong memory; the others He that has excellent talents, with a moderate eshave added to these qualifications a good under- tate, and an agreeable person, is preferable to him standing and smooth language. These, therefore, who is only rich, if it were only that good faculties have only certain heads, which they are as eloquent may purchase riches, but riches cannot purchase upon as they can, and may be called embellishers;' worthy endowments. I do not mean that wit, and the others repeat only what they hear from others a capacity to entertain, is what should be highly us literally as their parts or zeal will permit, and valued, except it is founded on good-nature and bo. are called “reciters.' Here was a fellow in town manity. There are many ingenious men, whose abili. some years ago, who used to divert himself by tell- ties do little else but inake themselves and those abeat ing a lie at Chariog.cross in the morning at eight them uneasy. Such are those who are far goue ia o'clock, and then following it through all parts of the pleasures of the town, who cannot support life the town until eight at night; at which time ke without quick sensations and gay reflections, and are came to a club of his friends, and diverted thein strangers to tranquillity, to right reason, and a calm with an account what censure it had at Will's in motion of spirits, without transport or dejectiui. Covent-gardea, how dangerous it was believed to be These ingenious men, of all men living, are most to at Child's, and what inference they drew from it be avoided by her who would be happy in a husband. with relation to stocks at Jonathan's. I have had They are inimediately sated with possession, and the honour to travel with this gentleman I speak of must necessarily fly to new acquisitious of beauty to in search of one of his falsehoods; and have been pass away the wiling moments and intervals of life; present when they have described the very man they for with them every hour is heavy that is not joyful. have spokeu to, as him who first reported it, tall or But there is a sort of man of wit and sense, that short, black or fair, a gentleman or a ragamuffin, can reflect upon his owu make, and that of his partaccording as they liked the intelligence. I have ner, with eyes of reason and honour, and who beheard one of our ingenious writers of news say, that, lieves he offends against both these, i he does not when he has had a customer come with an advertise look upon the woinan who chose him to be under inent of an apprentice or a wife run away, he has his protection in sickness and health with the utmest desired the advertiser to compose himself a little be- gratitude, whether from that moment she is shining fore he dictated the description of the offender : for or defective in person or miud : I say there are when-ai person is put into a public paper by a man those who think themselves bound to supply with who is angry with him, the real description of such good.nature the failings of those who love them, person is hid in the deformity with which the angry and who always think those the objects of love and man describes him; therefore this fellow always pity who came to their arms the objects of joy and made his customers describe bim as he would the adiniration. day before he offended, or else he was sure he would Of this latter sort is Lysander, a man of wit, never find him out. These and many other hints learning, sobriety, and good-nature; of birth and I could suggest to you for the elucidation of all fic-estate below no woman to accept; and of whom it tions; but I leave it to your own.sagacity to improve might be said, should he succeed in his present or neglect this speculation.
wishes, his mistress raised his fortune, but not that "I am, Sir, your most obedient,
she made it. When a woman is deliberating with T.
“ humble Servant." herself whom she shall choose of many near each
other in other pretensions, certainly he of best underNo. 522.) WEDNESDAY, OCT. 29, 1712. standing is to be preferred. Life haags heavily in
the repeated conversation of one who has no ima-Adjuro nunquain eam me deserturum; Xoi), si capiundos mihi sciam esse inimicos ommes homines,
gination to be tired at the several occasions and ab. Hune mihi expetivi, contigit, conveniunt mores: valeant, jects which come before him, or who eannot strike Qui inter nos' discidium volunt : hanc, nisi mors, mi adimet out of his reflections new paths of pleasing discourse.
Honest Will Thrash and his wife, shough not mar. I swear never to forsake her; no, though I were sure to make ried above four months, have scarce had a word to all met my enemies. Her I desired; her I have obtained ;
Perish all those who would separate say to each other this six weeks; and one cannot W! Deatha alune shiali deprive me of her!
furin to one's self a sillier picture than these two
TAR. Andr. act. iv. sc. 2.
our hunour's agree.
VIRG. Æn.iv. 376
creatures, in solemn pomp and plenty, unable to desired my own lawyer to insist upon no terms enjoy their fortunes, and at a full stop among a which your friends can propose for your certain ease crowd of servants, to whose taste of life they are be- and arivantage; for indeed I have no notion of holden for the little satisfactions by which ihey can making difficulties of presenting you with what ean. be understood to be so much as barely in being. The not make me happy without you. hours of the day, the distinctions of noon and night,
“ I am, Madam, dinner and supper, are the greatest notices they are “ Your most devoted humble Servant, capable of. This is perhaps representing the life of
“B. T.” a very modest woman, joined to a dull fellow, morc You must know the relations have met upon this; ipsipid than it really deserves ; but I am sure it is and the girl being mightily taken with the latter not to exalt the commerce with an ingenious com- epistle, she is laughed at, and uncle Edward is to panion too high, to say that every new accident or be dealt with to make her a suitable match to the object, which comes into such a gentleman's way, worthy gentleman who has told her he does not care gives his wife new pleasures and satisfactions. The a farthing for her. All I hope for is, that the fair approbation of his words and actions is a continuals lady will make use of the first light night to show new feast to her; nor can she enough applaud her B. T. she understands a marriage is not to be congood fortune in having her life varied every hour, sidered as a common bargain.-T. her mind more improved, and her heart more glad, from every circumstance which they meet with. He will lay out his invention in forming new pleasures No. 523.) THURSDAY, OCTOBER 30, 1712. and amusements, and make the fortune she has brougbt him subservient to the honour and reputa
-Nunc augur Apollo, tion of her and hers. A man of sense, who is thus Nunc Lyciæ sortes, nunc et Jove missus ab ipso obliged, is ever contriving the happiness of her who
Interpres divum fert horrida jussa per auras.
Scilicet is superis labor-did him so great a distinction; while the fool is un
Now Lycian lots, and now the Delian god, grateful without vice, and never returns a favour
Now Hermes is employed from Jove's abode, because he is not sensible of it. I would, methinks, To warn him hence, as if the peaceful state have so much to say for myself, that, if I fell into Of heavenly powers were touchid with human fate! the hands of him who treated me ill, he should be sensible when he did so. His conscience should be
I am always highly delighted with the discovery of my side, whatever became of his inclination. I of any rising genius among my countrymen. For do not know but it is the insipid choice which has this reason, I have read over, with great pleasure, been made by those who have the care of young wo- the late miscellany published by Mr. Pope, in which mer, that the marriage state itself has been liable there are many excellent compositions of that ingexo so much ridicule. But a well-chosen love, moved nious gentleman. I have had a pleasure of the same by passion on both sides, and perfected by the ge- kind in perusing a poem that is just published, On nerosity of one party, must be adorned with so many the Prospect of Peace;* and which, I hope, will, handsome incidents on the other side, that every meet with such a reward from its patrons as so noble particular couple would be an example in many cir: a performance deserves. I was particularly well cumstances to all the rest of the species. I shall pleased to find that the author had not amused him. end the chat upon this subject with a couple of let-self with fables out of the pagan theology, and that ters; one from a lover, who is very well acquainted when he hints at any thing of this nature he alludes with the way of bargaining on these occasions; and to it only as to a fable. the other from his rival, who has a less estate, but Many of our modern authors, whose learning very great gallantry of temper. As for my man of pru- often extends no further than Ovid's Metamorphoses, dence, he makes love, as he says, as if he were al do not kuow how to celebrate a great man, without ready a father, and, laying aside the passion, comes mising a parcel of schoul-boy tales with the recital to the reason of the thing.
of his actions. If you read a poem on a fine woman “Madam,
among the authors of this class, you shall see that it “My counsel has perused the inventory of your turns more upon Venus or Helen than on the party estate, and considered what estate you have, which concerued. I have known a copy of verses on a it seems is only yours, and to the male-heirs of your great hero highly commended: but upon asking to budy; but, in default of such issue, to the right hear some of the beautiful passages, the admirer of heirs of your uncle Edward for ever. Thus, Madam, it has repeated to me a speach of Apollo, or a deI am advised you cannot (the remainder not being scription of Polypheme. At other times, when I in pou) dock the entail; by which means my estate, have searched for the actions of a great man, who which is fee-simple, will come by the settlement pro gave a subject to the writer, I have been entertained posed to your children begotten by me, whether they with the exploits of a river-god, or have been forced are males or females : but my children begotten upon to attend a Fury in her mischievous progress, from you will not inherit your lands, except I beget a son.
one end of the poem to the other. When we are at Now, Madain, since things are so, you are a woman school it is necessary for us to be acquainted with of that prudence, and understand the world so well, the system of pagan theology; and we may be al. as pot is expect I should give you more than you lowed to enliven a theme, or point an epigram, with can give me.
a heathen god; but when we would write a manly “ I am, Madam (with great respect), panegyric that should carry in it all the colours of “Your most obedient humble Servant, truth, nothing can be more ridiculous than to have
“T. W." recourse to our Jupiters and Junos. The other lover's estate is less than this gentle. thought can be just which is not founded in truth, or
No thought is beautiful which is not just; and no maa's, but he expressed himself as follows : * Maram,
at least in that which passes for such. * I bare given in my estate to your counsel, and
• By Mr. Thomas Tickell
In mock heroic poems the use of the heathen my-exercises any other act of anthurity which does nof thology is not only excusable, but graceful, because belong to him: in short, I expect that no pagan it is the design of such compositions to divert by agent shall be introduced, or any fact related, whiel adapting the fabulous machines of the ancients to a man cannot give credit to with a good conscience. low subjects, and at the same time by ridiculing such Provided always, that nothing berein contained kinds of machinery in modern writers. If any are shall extend, or be construed to extend, to several of of opinion that there is a necessity of admitting the female poets in this nation, who shall be still leit these classical legends into our serious compositions, in full possession of their gods and yoddesses, in the in order to give them a more poetical turn, I would same manner as if this paper had uever been written." recommend to their consideration the pastorals of Mr. 0. Pbillips. One would have thought it impossible for this kind of poetry to have subsisted without fawns and satyrs, wood-nymphs, and water-nymphs, with
No. 524.1 FRIDAY, OCTOBER 31, 1712. all the tribe of rural deities. But we see he has
Nos populo damus-- Sex. given a new life and a more natural beauty to this
As the world leads, we follow. way of writing, by substituting in the place of these antiquated fables the superstitious mythology which When I first of all took it into my head to write prevails among the shepherds of our own country: dreams and visions, I determined to print nothing
Virgil and Homer might compliment their heroes, of that nature which was not of my own is sen tieu. by interweaving the actions of deities with their But several laborious dreamers have of late commachievements; but for a Christian author to write in nicated to me works of this nature, which, for these the pagan creed, to make Prince Eugene a favourite reputations and my own, I have hitherto suppressed. of Mars, or to carry on a correspondence between Had I printed every one that came to my hands, Bellona and the Marshal de Villars, would be down my book of speculations would have been little else right puerility, and unpardonable in a poet that is but a book of visions. Some of my correspondeuts past sixteen. It is want of sufficient elevation in a have indeed been so very modest as to offer an exgenius to describe realities, and place them in a cuse for their not being in a capacity to dream beiter. shining light, that makes himn have recourse to such I have by me, for example, the dream of a young trifling antiquated fables; as a man may write a gentleman not passed tifieen: I have likewise by me fine description of Bacchus or Apollo, that does not the dream of a person of quality, and another called kuow how to draw the character of any of his con- The Lady's Dream. In these and other pieces of temporaries.
the same nature, it is supposed the usual allowances In order therefore to put a stop to this absurd will be made to the age, condition, and sex, of the practice, I shall publish the following edict, by virtue dreamer. To prevent this inundation of dreams, of that spectatoriai authority with which I stand which daily fows in upon me, I shall apply to all invested.
dreamers of dreams the advice which Epictetus bas “ Whereas the time of a general peace is, in all couched, after this manner, in a very simple and appearance, drawing near, being informed that there concise precept. “ Never tell thy dreams," says are several ingenious persons who intend to show that philosopher; “ for though thou thyself mayest their talents on so happy an occasion; and being take a pleasure in telling thy dream, another will willing, as much as in me lies, to prevent that effu- take no pleasure in hearing it." After this short sion of nonsense which we have good cause to appre- preface, I must do justice to two or three visions hend; I do hereby strictly require every person who which I have lately published, and which I have shall write on this subject, to remember that he is a owned to have been written by other hands. I shallChristian, and not to sacrifice his catechism to his add a dream to these which comes to me from Scotpoetry. In order to it, I do expect of him in the land, by one wbo declares himself of that country. first place to make his own poem, without depending and, for all I know, may be second-sighted. There upon Phæbus for any part of it , or calling out for is, indeed, something in it of the spirit
of John Bun. aid upon any one of the Muses by name. i do like. yan; but at the same time a certain sublime which, wise positively forbid the sending of Mercury with that author was never master of. I shall publish it, any particular message or dispatch relating to the because I question not but it will fall in with the peace, and shall by no means suffer Minerva to take taste of all my popular readers, and amuse the imaupon her the shape of any plenipotentiary concerned ginations of those who are more profound; declaring, in this great work. I do further declare, that I at the same time, that this is the last dream which shall not allow the Destinies to have had a hand in I intend to publish this season. the deaths of the several thousands who have been slain in the late war, being of opinion that all such
“ Sir, deaths may be very well accounted for by the Chris- “I was last Sunday in the evening led into a tian system of powder and ball. I do therefore serious reflection on the reasonableness of virtue, strictly forbid the Fates to cut the thread of man's and great folly of vice, from an excellent sermon 1 life upon any pretence whatsoever, unless it be for had beard that afternoon in my parish-church. the sake of the rhyme. And whereas I have good Among other observations the preacher showed us, reason to fear that Neptune will have a great deal that the temptations which the tempter proposed of business on his hands, in several poems which we were all on a supposition that we are either inadmen may now suppose are upon the anvil
, I do also pro- or fools, or with au intention to render us such; hibit his appearance, unless it be done in metaphor, that in no other affair we would suffer ourselves to simile, or any very short allusion; and that even be thus imposed upon, in a case so plainly and here he be not permitted to enter but with great cau- clearly against our visible interest. His illustrations tion and circumspection. I desire that the same and arguments carried so much persuasion and rule may be extended to his whole fraternity of conviction with them, that they remained a cons. heathen gods; it being my design to condemn every derable while fresh, and working in my memory; poem to the lanes in which Jupiter thunders, or until at last the mind, fatigued with thought, gave