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an insight into things she had no notions of before give it a relish of truth; which is the natural food Lætitia is transported at having a row world thus and nourishment of the understanding, as virtue is opening to her, and hangs upon the man that gives the perfection and happiness of the will. her such agreeable informations. Erastus has car- There are many authors who have shown wherein ried this point still further, as he makes her daily the malignity of a lie consists, and set forth in not only more fond of him, but infinitely more satis- proper colours the heinousness of the offence. I fied with herself. Erastus finds a justness or beauty shall here consider one particular kind of this crime, in whatever she says or observes that Lætitia her- which has not been so much spoken to; I mean self was not aware of; and by his assistance she has that abominable practice of party-lying. This vice discovered a hundred good qualities and accomplish- is so very predominant among us at present, that a ments in herself, which she never before once man is thought of no principles who does not prodreamed of. Erastus, with the most artful com- pagate a certain system of lies. The coffee-houses plaisance in the world, by several remote hints, finds are supported by them, the press is choked with the means to make her say or propose almost what-them, eminent authors live upon them. Our bottle erer he has a mind to, which he always receives as conversation is so infected with them, that a partyher own discovery, and gives her all the reputation lie is grown as fashionable an entertainment as a of it.

lively catch or merry story. The truth of it is, half Erastus has a perfect taste in painting, and car. the great talkers in the nation would be stuck dumb ried Lætitia with him the other day to see a collec-were this fountain of discourse dried up. There is, tion of pictures. I sometimes visit this happy couple. however, one advantage resulting from this detestAs we were last week walking in the long gallery able practice ; the very appearances of truth are so before dinner, “I have lately laid out some money little regarded, that lies are at present discharged in paintings," says Erastus; " I bought that Venus in the air, and begin to hurt nobody. When we and Adonis purely upon Lætitia’s judgment; it cost hear a party story from a stranger, we consider wheme threescore guineas, and I was this morning of-ther he is a whig or a tory that relates it, and imfered a hundred for it." I turned towards Lætitia, mediately conclude they are words of course, in and saw her cheeks glow with pleasure, while at the which the honest gentleman designs to recommend same time she cast a look upon Erastus, the most his zeal, without any concern for his veracity. A tender and affectionate I ever beheld.

man is looked upon as bereft of common sense, that Flavilla married Tom Tawdry; she was taken gives credit to the relations of party-writers ; nay, with his laced coat and rich sword-knot; she has his own friends shake their heads at him, and conthe mortification to see Tom despised by all the sider him in no other light than as an officious tool, Forthy part of his own sex. Tom has nothing to do or a well-meaning idiot. When it was formerly the after dinner, but to determine whether he will pare

fashion husband a lie, and trump it up in some his nails at St. James's, White's, or his own house. extraordinary emergency, it generally did execution, He has said nothing to Flavilla since they were and was not a little serviceable to the faction that married which she might not have heard as well made use of it; but at present every man is upon from her own woman. He however takes great his guard; the artifice has been too often repeated care to keep up the saucy ill-natured authority of a to take effect. husband. Whatever Flavilla happens to assert,

I have frequently wondered to see men of probity, Tom immediately contradicts with an oath by way who would scorn to utter a falsehood for their own of preface, and, "My dear, I must tell you you talk particular advantage, give so readily into a lie when most confoundedly siily."

Flavilla had a heart it is become the voice of their faction, notwithstandpaturally as well disposed for all the tenderness of ing they are thoroughly sensible of it as such. How love as that of Lætitia; but as love seldom conti is it possible for those who are men of honour in Dues long after esteem, it is difficult to determine, their persons, thus to become notorious liars in their at present, whether the unhappy Flavilla bates or party? If we look into the bottom of this matter, despises the person most whom she is obliged to lead we may find, I think, three reasons for it, and at her whole life with.-X.

the same time discover the insufficiency of these reasons to justify so criminal a practice,

In the first place, men are apt to think that the No. 507.] SATURDAY, OCTOBER 11, 1712. guilt of a lie, and consequently the punishment,

may be very much diminished, if not wholly worn Defendit numerus, junctæque umbone phalanges. out, by the multitudes of those who partake in it. Preservod from shame by numbers on our side.

Though the weight of a falsehood would be too heavy

for one to bear, it grows light in their imagination THERE is something very sublime, though very fan- when it is shared among many. But in this case'a ciful, in Plato's description of the Supreme Being; man very much deceives himself; guilt, when it that “ truth is his body, and light his shadow.” Ac- spreads through numbers, is not so properly divided cording to this definition, there is nothing so contra- as multiplied. Every one is criminal in proportion dictory to his nature as error and falsehood. The to the offence which he commits, not to the number Platonists had so just a notion of the Almighty's of those who are his companions in it. Both the aversion to every thing which is false and erroneous, crime and the penalty lie as heavy upon every in. that they looked upon truth as no less necessary than dividual of an offending multitude, as they would virtue to qualify a human soul for the enjoyment of upon any single person, had none shared with him 1 separate state. For this reason, as they recom- in the offence. In a word, the division of guilt is mended moral duties to quality and season the will for like that of matter; though it may be separated into a fature life, so they prescribed several contempla infinite portions, every portion shall have the whole tions and sciences to rectify the understanding. essence of matter in it

, and consist of as many parts Thus, Plato has called mathematical demonstrations as the whole did before it was divided. the cathartics or purgatives of the soul, as being the But in the second place, though 'multitudes, who most proper means to cleanse it from error, and to join in a lie, cannot exempt themselves from the

2 P 2

Jov, Sat. ii. 46.

guilt, they may from the shame of it. The scandal is another sort of potentates, who may with greater of a lie is in a manner lost and annihilated, when propriety be called tyrants than those fast mentioned, diffused among several thousands ; as a drop of the both as they assume a despotic dominion over those blackest tincture wears away and vanishes, when as free as themselves, and as they support it by acts mixed and confused in a considerable body of water; of notable oppression and injustice; and these are the blot is still in it, but is not able to discover itself. the rulers in all clubs and meetings. In other go This is certainly a very great motive to several vernments, the punishments of some have been al. party-offenders, who avoid crimes, not as they are leviated by the rewards of others: but what makes prejudicial to their virtue, but to their reputation. the reign of these potentates so particularly grievous It is enough to show the weakness of this reason, is that they are exquisite in punishing their subjects which palliates guilt without removing it, that every at the same time they have it not in their power to man who is influenced by it declares hinself in effect reward them. That the reader may the better coman infamous hypocrite, prefers the appearance of prehend the nature of these monarchs

, as well as the virtue to its reality, and is determined in his con- miserable state of those that are their vassals, I shall duct neither by the dictates of his own conscience, give an account of the king of the company I am the suggestions of true honour, nor the principles of fallen into, whom for his particular tyranny I shall religion.

call Dionysius; as also of the seeds that sprung up The third and last great motive for men's joining to this odd sort of empire. in a popular falsehood, or, as I have hitherto called "Upon all meetings at taverns, it is necessary it a party-lie, notwithstanding they are convinced some one of the company should take it upon him to of it as such, is the doing good to a cause which get all things in such order and readiness as may every party may be supposed to look upon as the contribute as much as possible to the felicity of the most meritorious. The unsoundness of this principle convention; such as hastening the fire, getting a has been so often exposed, and is so universally ac- sufficient number of candles, tasting the wine with knowledged, that a man must be an utter stranger a judicious smack, fixing the supper, and being to the principles either of natural religion or Chris-brisk for the dispatch of it. Know, then, that Di. tianity, who suffers himself to be guided by it. If onysius went through these offices with an air that a man might promote the supposed good of his seemed to express a satisfaction rather in serving the country by the blackest calumnies and falsehoods, public than in gratifying any particular inclination our nation abounds more in patriots than any other of his own. We thought him a person of an exquiof the Christian world. When Pompey was desired site palate, and therefore by consent beseeched him not to set sail in a tempest that would hazard his to be always our proveditor; which post, after be life, “ It is necessary for me,” says he, “to sail, but had handsomely denied, he could do no otherwise it is not necessary for me to live.” Every man than accept. At first, he made no other use of his should say to himself

, with the same spirit, “ It is my power than in recommending such-and-such things duty to speak truth, though it is not iny duty to be to the company, ever allowing these points to be in an office.” One of the fathers has carried this disputable; insomuch that I have often carried the point so high as to declare he would not tell a lie, debate for partridge, when his majesty bas given though he were sure to gain heaven by it. How-intimation of the high relish of duck, but at the ever extravagant such a protestation may appear, same time has cheerfully submitted, and devoured every one will own that a man may say, very rea- his partridge with most gracious resignation. This sonably, he would not tell a lie, if he were sure to submission on his side naturally produced the like gain hell by it; or, if you have a mind to soften the on ours; of which he in a little time made such barexpression, that he would not tell a lie to gain any barous advantage, as in all those matters, wbich he temporal reward by it, when he should run the fore seemed indifferent to him, to issue out certain hazard of losing much more than it was possible for edicts as uncontrollable and unalterable as the laws him to gain.

of the Medes and Persians. He is by turns out0.

rageous, peevish, forward, and jovial.' He thinks

it our duty for the little offices, as proveditor, that No. 508.] MONDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1712. in return all conversation is to be interrupted or Omnes autem et habentur et dicuntur tyranni, qui potestate promoted by his inclination for or against the presunt perpetua, in ea civitate quæ libertate usa est.

sent humour of the company. We feel, at present

in the utmost extremity, the insolence of office; hor. For all those are accounted and denominated tyrants, who ever, I, being naturally warm, ventured to oppose exercise a perpetual power in that state which was before him in a dispute about a baunch of venison. I was

altogether for roasting, but Dionysius declared himThe following letters complain of what I have self for boiling with so much prowess and resolution, frequently observed with very much indignation; that the cook thought it necessary to consult his own therefore shall give them to the public in the words safety, rather than the luxury of my proposition. with which my correspondents, who suffer under the With the same authority that he orders what we hardships mentioned in them, describe them :- shall eat and drink, he also commands us where to “ Mr. SPECTATOR,

do it: and we change our taverns according as be

suspects any treasonable practices in the settling " In former ages all pretensions to dominion have the bill by the master, or sees any bold rebellion in been supported and submitted to, either upon ac. point of attendance by the waiters. Another reason count of inheritance, conquest, or election; and all for changing the seal of empire, I conceire to be such persons, who have taken upon them any so- the pride he takes in the promulgation of our slavery, vereignty over their fellow-creatures upon any other though we pay our club for our entertainments, eren account, have been always called tyrants, not so in these palaces of our grand monarch. Wheb he much because they were guilty of any particular has a mind to take the air, a party of us are cum barbarities, as because every attempt to such a su- manded out by way of life-guard, and we marck uaperiority was in its nature tyrannical. But thereder as great restrictions as they do. I: we meet

Cokn. Nepos in Milt. c. 8.

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neighbouring king, we give or keep the way, ac. I have no remedy but leaving very agreeable concording as we are out-numbered or not; and if the pany sooner than I desire. This also is a heinous train of each is equal in number, rather than give aggravation of his offence, that he is inflicting babattle, the superiority is soon adjusted by a desertion nishment upon me. Your printing this letter may from one of them.

perhaps be an admonition to reform him; as soon "Now the expulsion of these unjust rulers out of as it appears I will write my name at the end of it, all societies would gain a man as everlasting a re- and lay it in his way: the making which just repriputation as either of the Brutuses got from their mand, 'I hope you will put in the power of, endeavours to extirpate tyranny from among the

Sir, your constant Reader, Romans. I confess myself to be in a conspiracy

T.

" and humble Servant." agaiust the usurper of our club; and to show my reading as well as my merciful disposition, shall allow him until the ides of March to dethrone himself. No. 509.) TUESDAY, OCTOBER 14, 1712. If he seems to affect empire until that time, and

Hominis frugi et temperantis functus officium. does not gradually recede from the incursions he

TER. Heaut. act. iii. sc. 3. has made upon our liberties, he shall find a dinner

Discharging the part of a good economist. dressed which he has no hand in, and shall be treated with an order, magnificence and luxury, as

The useful knowledge in the following letter shall shall break his proud heart; at the same time that have a place in my paper, though there is nothing he shall be convinced in his stomach he was unfit in it which immediately regards the polite or the for his post, and a more mild and skilful prince re- learned world; I say inimediately, for upon reflecceive the acclamations of the people, and be set up tion every man will find there is a remote influence in his room; but, as Milton says,

upon his own affairs, in the prosperity or decay of

the trading part of mankind. My present corresThese thoughts Full counsel must mature. Peace is despair'd,

pondent, I believe, was never in print before; but And who can think submission ? War then, war,

what he says well deserves a general attention, Open or understood, must be resolved.

though delivered in his own homely maxims, and a “I am, Sir,

kind of proverbial simplicity; which sort of learning “ Your most obedient humble Servant.” from attention to Virgil, Horace, Tully, Seneca,

has raised more estates, than ever were, or will be, "MR. SPECTATOR,

Plutarch, or any of the

rest, whom, I dare say, this "I am a young woman at a gentleman's seat in worthy citizen would hold to be indeed ingenious, the country, who is a particular friend of my father's, but unprofitable writers. But to the letter :and come hither to pass away a month or two with

“ MR. WILLIAM SPECTATOR. his daughters. I bave been entertained with the utmost civility by the whole family, and nothing has

Broad-street, Oct. 10, 1712. been omitted which can make my stay easy and "I accuse you of many discourses on the subject agreeable on the part of the family; but there is a of money, which you have heretofore promised the gentleman here, a visitant as I am, whose behaviour public, but have not discharged yourself thereof. has given me great uneasinesses. When I first ar. But, forasmuch as you seemed to 'depend upon adrived here, he used me with the utmost complaisance; vice from others what to do in that point, have sat but, forsooth, that was not with regard to my sex ; down to write you the needful upon that subject. and since he has no designs upon me, he does not But, before I enter thereupon, I shall take this opknow why he should distinguish me from a man in portunity to observe to you, that the thriving frugal things indifferent. He is, you must know, one of man shows it in every part of his expense, dress, those familiar coxcombs, who have observed some well- servants, and house; and I must in the first place, bred men with a good grace converse with women, and complain to you, as Spectator, that in these partisay no fine things, but yet treat them with that sort culars there is at this time, throughout the city of of respect which flows from the heart and the under. London, a lamentable change from that simplicity standing, but is exerted in no professions or compli- of manners, which is the true source of wealth and ments. This puppy, to imitate this excellence, or prosperity. I just now said, the man of thrift shows avoid the contrary fault of being troublesome in regularity in every thing; but you may, perhaps, complaisance, takes upon him to try his talent upon laugh that I take notice of such a particular as I am me, insomuch that he contradicts me upon all occa- going to do, for an instance that this city is declinsions, and one day told me I lied. If I had stuck ing if their ancient economy is not restored. The him with my bodkin, and behaved myself like a thing which gives me this prospect, and so much man, since he will not treat me as a woman, I had, offence, is the neglect of the Royal Exchange; I I think, served hiin right. I wish, Sir, you would mean the edifice so called, and the walks appertainplease to give him some maxims of behaviour in ing thereunto. The Royal Exchange is a fabric these points, and resolve me if all maids are not in that well deserves to be so called, as well to express point of conversation to be treated by all bachelors that our monarch's highest glory and advantage conas their mistresses? If not so, are they not to be sists in being the patron of trade, as that it is comTised as gently as their sisters ?' Is it sufferable that modious for business, and an instance of the granthe fop of whom I complain should say that he deur both of prince and people. But, alas! at preWould rather have such-a-one without a groat, than sent it hardly seems to be set apart for any such use me with the Indies ? What right has any man to or purpose. Instead of the assembly of honourable make suppositions of things not in his power, and merchants, substantial tradesmen, and knowing then declare his will to the dislike of one that has masters of ships : the mumpers, the halt, the blind, dever offended him? I assure you these are things and the lame; your venders of trash, apples, plums; worthy your consideration, and i hope we shall have your ragamuffins, rake-shames, and wenches; have your thoughts upon them. I am, though a woman justled the greater number of the former out of that justly offended, ready to forgive all this, because place. Thus it is, especially on the evening change;

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so that what with the din of squallings, oaths, and tion of a proverb, which by vulgar error 18 taken çries of beggars, men of the greatest consequence and used when a man is reduceri to an extremits, in our city absent themselves from the place. This whereas the propriety of the maxim is to use it when particular, by the way, is of evil consequence, for, you would say there is plenty, but you must makeif the 'Change be no place for men of the highest such a choice as not to hurt another who is to conte credit to frequent, it will not be a disgrace for those after you. of less abilities to absent. I remember the time “ Mr. Tobias Hobson, from whom we have the when rascally company were kept out, and the un- expression, was a very honourable man, for I shall lucky boys with toys and balls were whipped away ever call the man so who gets an estate honestly. by the beadle. I have s.en this done indeed of late, Mr. Tobias Hobson was a carrier; and, being a man but then it has been only to chase the lads from of great abilities and invention, and one that saw chuck, that the beadle might seize their copper, where there might good profit arise, though the

“I must repeat the abomination, that the walnut- dulier men overlooked it, this ingenious man was trade is carried on by old women within the walks, the first in this island who let out baekney horses. which makes the place impassable by reason of He lived in Cambridge ; and, observing that the shells and trash. The benches around are so tilthy, scholars rid hard, bis manner was to keep a large that no one can sit down, yet the beadles and officers stable of horses, with boots, bridles, and whips, to have the impudence at Christmas to ask for their furnish the gentlemen at once, without going from box, though they deserve the strapado. I do not college to college to borrow, as they have done since think it impertinent to have mentioned this, because the death of this worthy man. I say, Mr. Hobson it speaks a neglect in the domestic care of the city, kept a stable of forty good cattle always ready and and the domestic is the truest picture of a man fit for travelling; but, when a man came for a horse, every where else.

he was led into the stabie, where there was great " But I designed to speak on the business of choice ; but he obliged him to take the horse which money and advancement of gain. The man proper stood next to the stable-door; so that every cusfor this, speaking in the general, is of a sedate, tomer was alike well served according to his chance, plain, good understanding, not apt to go out of his and every horse ridden with the same justice; from way, but so behaving himself at home, that business whence it became a proverb, when what ought to be may come to him. Sir William Turner, that valu- your election was forced upon you, to say, Hobable citizen, has left behind him a most excellent son's choice.' This memorable man stands drawn rule, and couched it in very few words, suited to in fresco at an inn (which he used) in Bishopsgatethe meanest capacity. He would say, 'Keep your street, with a hundred pound bag under his arm, shop, and your shop will keep you.'* It must be with this inscription upon the said bag : confessed, that if a man of a great genius could add steadiness to his vivacities, or substitute slower men

The fruitful mother of a hundred more. of fidelity to transact the methodical part of his “ Whatever tradesman will try the experiment, affairs, such a one would outstrip the rest of the and begin the day after you publish this my disworld: but business and trade are not to be managed course to treat his customers all alike, and all reaby the same heads which write poetry, and make sonably and honestly, I will ensure him the sare plans for the conduct of life in general. So, though success. “ I am, Sir, your loving Friend, we are at this day beholden to the late witty and in

T.

“ H EZEKIAN THRIFT." ventive Duke of Buckingham for the whole trade and manufacture of glass, yet I suppose there is no one will aver, that, were his grace yet living, they No. 510.) WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1712. would not rather deal with my diligent friend and

Si sapis, neighbour, Mr. Gumley, for any goods to be pre

Neque, præterquam quas ipse amor molestias pared and delivered on such a day, than he would Habet addas ; et illas quas habet, recte feras. with that illustrious mechanic above-meationed.

TER. Eun. act. i. se. I No, no, Mr. Spectator, you wits must not pre-t you are wise, add not to the troubles which altend the pas tend to be rich; and it is possible the reason inay

sion of love, and bear patiently those which are inseparabla be, in some measure, because you despise, or at least you do not value it enough to let it take up your

I was the other day driving in a hack through chief attention ; which the trader must do, or lose Gerrard-street, when my eye was immediately catched his credit, which is to him what honour, reputation, with the prettiest object imaginable the face of a fame, or glory, is to other sort of men.

very fair girl, between thirteen and fourteen, fixed "" I shall not speak to the point of cash itself, until at the chin to a painted sash, and made part of the I see how you approve of these my maxims in ge landscape. It seemed admirably done, and, uje neral; but I think a speculation upon many a little throwing myse!f eagerly out of the coach to look at makes a mickle, a penny saved is a penny got, penny it

, it laughed, and Aung from the window. This wise and pound foolish, it is need that makes the old amiable figure dwelt upon me; and I was considerwife trot,' would be very useful to the world; and, ing the vanity of the girl, and her pleasant coquetry if you treated them with knowledge, would be useful in acting a picture until she was taken notice of, to yourself, for it would make demands for your and raised the admiration of her beholders. This paper among those who have no notion of it at pre- little circumstance made me run into reflections

But of these matters more hereafter. If you upon the force of beauty, and the wonderful influence did this, as you excel many writers of the present the female sex has upon the other part of the spe age for politeness, so you would outgo the author of cies. Our hearts are seized with their enchantments

, the true strops of razors for use.

and there are few of us, but brutal men, who by that “ I shall conclude this discourse with an explana- hardness lose the chief pleasure in them, can resist

their insinuations, though never so much against Alderman Thomas, a mércer, made this one of the mottos our interest and opinion. it is common with womea in his shop in Paternoster row..

io-destroy the goud effects a man's fullowing his own

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way and inclination might have upon his honour and arguments can be with her. It is a most mise. and fortune, by interposing their power over him in rable slavery to submit to what you disapprove, and matters wherein they cannot influence him, but to give up a truth for no other reason, but that you had his loss and disparagement. I do not know there not fortitude to support you in asserting it. 'A man fore a task so difficult in human life, as to be proof has enough to do to conquer bis own unreasonable against the importunities of a woman a man loves. wishes and desires; but he does that in vain, if he There is certainly no armour against tears, sullen has those of another to gratify. Let his pride be in looks, or at best constrained familiarities, in her his wife and family, let him give them all the conwhom you usually meet with transport and alacrity. veniences of life in such a manner as if he were Sir Walter Raleigh was quoted in a letter (of a very proud of them; but let it be his own innocent pride, ingenious correspondent of mine) upon this subject. and not their exorbitant desires, which are indulged That author, who had lived in courts, camps, tra- by him. In this case all the little arts imaginable Telled through many countries, and seen many men are used to soften a man's heart, and raise his pasunder several climates, and of as various complex. sion above his understanding. But in all concessions ions, speaks of our impotence to resist the wiles of of this kind, a man should consider whether the women in very severe terms. His words are as present he makes flows from his own love, or the follow :

importunity of his beloved. If from the latter, he is "What means did the devil find out, or what in- her slave; if from the former, her friend. We struments did bis own subtlety present him, as fittest laugh it off, and do not weigh this subiection to woand aptest to work his mischief by? Even the unquiet men with that seriousness which so important a cirvanity of the woman; so as by Adam's hearkening cumstance deserves. Why was courage given man, to the voice of his wife, contrary to the express com- if his wife's fears are to frustrate it? When this is mandment of the living God, mankind by that her once indulged, you are no longer her guardian and incantation became the subject of labour, sorrow, protector, as you were designed by nature; but, in and death; the woman being given to man for a compliance to her weaknesses, you have disabled comforter and companion, but not for a counsellor. yourself from avoiding the misfortunes into which It is also to be noted by whom the woman was they will lead you both, and you are to see the hour tempted : even by the most ugly and unworthy of in which you are to be reproached by herself for all beasts, into whom the devil entered and per- that very complaisance to her. It is indeed the suaded. Secondly, What was the motive of her most difficult mastery over ourselves we can possibly disobedience ? Even a desire to know what was attain, to resist the grief of her who charms us; but most unfitting her knowledge; an affection which let the heart ache, be the anguish never so quick bas ever since remained in all the posterity of her and painful, it is what must be suffered and passed sex. Thirdly, What was it that moved the man to through, if you think to live like a gentleman or be yield to her persuasions ? Even the same cause conscious to yourself that you are a man of honesty. which hath moved all men since to the like consent; The old argument, that "you do not love me if you pamely, an unwillingness to grieve her, or make deny me this," which first was used to obtain a trifle, her sad, lest she should pine, and be overcome with by habitual success will oblige the unhappy man who sorrow. But if Adam, in the state of perfection, gives way to it to resign the cause even of his counand Solomon, the son of David, God's chosen ser-) try and his honour.-T. Fant, and himself a man endued with the greatest wisdom, did both of them disobey their Creator by the persuasion, and for the love they bare to a No. 511.) THURSDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1712. woman, it is not so wonderful as lamentable, that other men in succeeding ages have been allured to

Quis non inveniat turba quod amaret in illa ? so many inconvenient and wicked practices by the

Who could fail to find, persuasions of their wives, or other beloved darlings,

In such a crowd a mistress to his mind ? who cover over and shadow many malicious purposes with a counterfeit passion of dissimulate sor

“Dear SPEC., row and unquietness."

“ FINDING that my last letter took, I do intend The motions of the minds of lovers are no where to continue my epistolary correspondence with thee, so well described as in the works of skilful writers on those dear confounded creatures, women. Thou for the stage. The scene between Fulvia and Cu- knowest all the little learning I am master of is rius, in the second act of Johnson's Cataline, is an upon that subject: I never looked in a book, but for excellent picture of the power of a lady over her gal their sakes. I have lately met with two pure stories lant. The wench plays with his affections: and as for a Spectator, which I am sure will please mightily, a man, of all places of the world, wishes to make a if they pass through thy hands. The first of them good figure with his mistress, upon her upbraiding I found by chance in an English book, called Herohim with want of spirit, he alludes to enterprises dotus, that lay in my friend Dapperwit's window, as which he cannot rereal but with the hazard of his I visited him one morning. It luckily opened in life. When he is worked thus far, with a little flat- the place where I met the following account. He tery of her opinion of his gallantry, and desire to tells us that it was the manner among the Persians know more of it out of her overflowing fondness to to have several fairs in the kingdom, at which all him, he brags to ber until his life is in her disposal. the young unmarried women were annually exposed

When a man is thus liable to be vanquished by to sale. The men who wanted wives came hither to the charms of her he loves, the safest way is to de- provide themselves. Every woman was given to the termine what is proper to be done, but to avoid all highest bidder, and the money which she fetched expostulation with her before he executes what he laid aside for the public use, to be employed as thou

has resolved. Women are ever too hard for us shalt hear by-and-bye. By this means, the richest ; upon a treaty; and one must consider how senseless people had the choice of the market, and culled out

a thing it is to argue with one whose looks and ges- the most extraordinary beauties. As soon as the tures are more prevalent with you, than your reason fair was thus picked, the refuse was to be distributed

OVID, Art. Am. i. 175.

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