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improprietics: and the lover who swings the lady is dertakers has your business in hand, you may be bolic her clothes very close with his hatband, before sick, absent in town or country, and the patron she admits him to throw up her heels.

shall be worried, or you prevail. I remember to “Now, Mr. Spectator, except you can note these have been shown a gentleman some years ago, who wautonnesses in their beginnings

, and bring as punished a whole people for their facility in giving seber girls into observation, there is no help for it; their credentials. This person bad belonged to a we must swim with the tide; the coquettes are too regiment which did duty in the West Indies

, and, powerful a party for us. To look into the merit of by the mortality of the place, happened to be consa regular and well-behaved woman is a slow thing. manding officer in the colony. He oppressed bis A loose trivial song gains their affections, when a subjects with great frankness, till he becane sensiwise homily is not attended to. There is no other ble that he was heartily hated by every man under way but to make war upon them, or we must go his command. When he had carried his point to over to them. As for my part, I will show all the be thus detestable, in a pretended fit of dishumour, world it is not for want of charms that I stand so and feigned uneasiness of living where he found he long unasked; and if you do not take measures for was so universally unacceptable, he communicated the immediate redress of us rigids, as the fellows to the chief inhabitants a design he had to return for call us, I can move with a speaking mien, can look England, provided they would give him ample tes. significantly, can lisp, can trip, can loll, can start, timonials of their approbation. The planters came can blush, can rage, can weep, if I must do it, and into it to a man, and, in proportion to his deserving ean be frightened as agreeably as any she in England. the quite contrary, the words justice, generasity, All which is humbly submitted to your spectatorial and courage, were inserted in his commission, aut consideration, with all humility, by

omitting the general good-liking of people of ail “ Your most humble Servant, conditions in the colony. The gentleman returus T. “ MATILDA MOHAIR." for England, and within a few months after cane

back to them their governor, ou the strengta #

their own testimonials. No. 493.] THURSDAY, SEPT. 25, 1712.

Such a rebuke as this cannot indeel happen tä Qualem commendes, etiam atque etiam aspice, ne mos easy recommenders, in the ordinary course of things Incutiant aliena tibi peccata pudorein.-Hor. 1 Ep. xviii. 76: from one hand to another; but how would a bian Coinmeu:d not, till a man is throughly known :

bear to have it said to him, “The person I wok A rascal prais d, you make his faults your own. -Axox, into confidence on the credit you gave bim, huis

It is no unpleasant matter of speculation to con- proved false, unjust, and has not answered any way sider the recommendatory epistles that pass round the character you gave me of hiin?", this town from hand to hand, and the abuse people

I cannot but conceive very good hopes of that put upon one another in that kind. It is indeed rake Jack Toper of the Temple, for an honest seru. come to that pass, that, instead of being the testi- pulousness in this point. A friend of his meeting mony of merit in the person recommended, the with a servant that had formerly lived with jack, true reading of a letter of this sort is, “ The bearer and having a mind to take him, sent to bim to know hereof is so uneasy to me, that it will be an act of what faults the fellow had, since he could not please charity in you to take him off my hands; whether such a careless fellow as he was. His answer was you prefer him or not, it is all one; for I have no as follows: manner of kindness for him, or obligation to him or his; and do what you please as to that.” As negligent as men are in this respect, a point of ho

“ Thomas that lived with me was turned away be pour is concerned in it; and there is nothing a man cause he was too good for me. You know I live in should be more ashamed of, than passing a worth- taverns; he is an orderly sober rascal, and thioks less creature into the service or interests of a man much to sleep in an entry until two in the morning who has never injured you. The women indeed are He toid me one day, when he was dressing me, a little too keen in their resentments to trespass often that he wondered I was not dead befure now, since this way: but you shall sometimes know, that the I went to dinner in the evening, and went to supper mistress and the maid shall quarrel, and give each at two in the morning. We were coming down other very free language, aud at last the lady shall Essex-street one night a little flustered, and I was be pacified to turn her out of doors, and give her a giving him the word to alarm the watch; he had very good word to any body else. Hence it is that ihe impudence to tell me it was against the law you see, in a year and half's time, the sanıe face a You that are married, and live one day after andomestic in all parts of the town. Good-breeding other the same way, and so on the whole week, and good-nature lead people in a great measure I dare say will like him, and he will be glad to have to this injustice: when suitors of no consideration his meat in due season. The fellow is certainly will have confidence enough to press upon their su- very honest. My service to your lady. Yours, periors, those in power are tender of speaking the exceptions they have against them, and are mortgaged ipto promises out of their impatience of importu- Now this was very fair dealing. Jack knew verv nity. In this latter case, it would be a very useful well, that though the love of order made a man inquiry to know the history of recommendations. very awkward in his equipago, it was a valuable There are, you must know, certain abetturs of this quality among the queer people who live by rule ; way of torment, who make it a profession to ma- and had too inuch good sense and good-nature to wage the affairs of candidates. These gentlemen let the fellow starve, because he was out fit to atlet out their impudence to their clients, and supply tend his rivacities. any defective recommendation, by informing how I shall end this discourse with a letter of recomsuch and such a man is to be attacked. They will mendation froin Horace to Claudius Nero. You tell you, get the least scrap from Mr. Such-a-one, will see in that letter a slowness to ask a fa cour, and lease the rest to them. When one of these un strong reason for being unable to deny his good

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word any longer, and that it is a service to the per- ber hung with black, where he entertained himself son to whom he recommends, to comply with what for some time by the glimmering of a taper, until is asked : all which are necessary circumstances, at length the head of the college came out to him both in justice and good-breeding, if a man would from an inner room, with half a dozen night-caps ask so as to have reason to complain of a denial; upon his head, and a religious horror in his counteand indeed a man should not in strictness ask other- nance. The young man trembled: but his fears wise. In hopes the authority of Horace, who per- increased, when instead of being asked what profectly understood how to live with great men, may gress he had made in learning, he was examined have a good effect towards amending this facility how he abounded in grace. His Latin and Greek in people of condition, and the confidence of those stood him in little stead; he was to give an account who apply to them without merit; I have translated only of the state of his soul; whether he was of the the epistle.

number of the elect; what was the occasion of the “ To CLAUDIUS NERO.

conversion; upon what day of the month, and hour “Sır,

of the day it happened; how it was carried on, and "Septimius, who waits upon you with this, is very when completed. The whole examination was sumwell acquainted with the place you are pleased to med up with one short question, namely, whether be allow me in your friendship. Por when he be- was prepared for death? The boy, who had been seeches me to recommend him to your notice, in bred up by honest parents, was frightened out of his such a manner as to be received by you, who are de- wits at the solemnity of the proceeding, and espe. licate in the choice of your friends and domestics, cially by the last dreadful interrogatory: so that, he knows our intimacy, and understands my ability upon making his escape out of this house of mournto serve him better than I do myself. I have de- ing, he could never be brought a second time to the fended myself against his ambition to be yours, as examination, as not being able to go through the long as I possibly could; but fearing the imputa- terrors of it. tion of hiding my power in you out of mean and

Notwithstanding this general form and outside of selfish considerations, I am at last prevailed upon religion is pretty well worn out among us, there are to give you this trouble. Thus to avoid the appear- many persons who, by a natural uncheerfulness of ance of a greater fault, I have put on this confidence. heart, mistaken notions of piety, or weakness of unIf you can forgive this trangression of modesty in derstanding, love to indulge this uncomfortable way behalf of a friend, receive this gentleman into your of life, and give up themselves a prey to grief and interests and friendship, and take it from me that he melancholy: Superstitious fears and groundless is an honest and a brave man."

scruples cut them off from the pleasures of conversation, and all those social entertainments, which

are not only innocent but laudable : as if mirth was No. 491.) FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 1712.

made for reprobates, and cheerfulness of heart de

nied those who are the only persons that have a Agritudinem laudare, unam rem maxime detestabilem, proper title of it. quorum est tandem pbilosophorum ?-CICERO.

Sombrius is one of these sons of sorrow. He What kind of philosophy is it to exlob inelancholy, the most thinks himself obliged in duty to be sad and discondetestable thing in nature ?

solate. He looks on a sudden fit of laughter as a About an age ago it was the fashion in England breach of bis baptismal vow. An innocent jest for every one that would be thought religious, to startles him like blasphemy. Tell him of one who throw as much sanctity as possible into his face, and is advanced to a title of honour, he lifts up his hands in particular to abstain from all arpearances of and eyes; describe a public ceremony, he shakes his mirth and pleasantry, which were looked upon as head; show him a gay equipage, be blesses him. ibe marks of a carnal mind. The saint was of a sor- sell. All the little ornaments of life arc powps and towful countenance, and generally eaten up with vanities. Mirth is wanton, and wit profane. He spleen and melancholy. A gentleman, who was is scandalized at youth for being lively, and at childlately a great ornament to the learned world, has hood for being playful. He sits at a christening, or diserted me more than once with an account of the a marriage-feast, as at a funeral; sighs at the con. Preption wbich he met with from a very famous clusion of a merry story, and grows devout when the independent ininister, who was head of a college* in rest of the company grow pleasant. After all, Som. those times. This gentleman was then a young ad- brius is a religious man, and would have behaved renturer in the republic of letters, and just titted himself very properly, had he lived when Carisout for the university with a good cargo of Latin tianity was under a general persecution. and Greek. His friends were resolved that he should I would by no means presume to tax such cha. try his fortune at an election which was drawing racters with hypocrisy, as is done too frequently; Dear in the college, of which the independent minis- that being a vice which I think none but He who ter whom I have before mentioned was governor. knows the secrets of men's hearts should pretend to The youth, according to custom, waited on him in discover in another, where the proofs of it do not order to be examined. He was received at the door amount to a demonstration. On the contrary, as by a servant who was one of that gloomy generation there are many excellent persons who are weighed that were then in fashion. He conducted him, with down by this habitual sorrow of heart, they rather great silence and seriousness, to a long gallery, deserve our compassion than our reproaches. I which was darkened at noon-day, and had only a think, however, they would do well to consider whesingle candle burning in it. After a short stay in ther such a behaviour does not deter men from a this melancholy aparunent, he was led into a cham- religious life, by representing it as an unsociable

state, that extinguishes all joy and gladness, dark. • The gentleman here alluded to was Anthony Hedley, ens the face of nature, and destroys the relish of Esq., who died much lamented in Aug. 1711. The head of a college was Dr. Thomas Goodwin, S.T.P.,

being itself. President of Magdalen College in Oxford, and one of the as

I have, in former papers, shown how great a tenstably of dismes who sat at Westminster.

dency there is to chcerfulness in religion, and how

such a frame of mind is not only the most lovely, three views. First, with regard to their pumber; but the most commendable in a virtuous person. secondly, their dispersion; and thirdly, their adhe In short, those who represent religion in so upami. rence to their religion: and afterward endeavour to able a light, are like the spies sent by Moses to show, first, what natural reasons, and, secondis, make a discovery of the land of promise, when by what providential reasons, may be assigued for these their reports they discouraged the people from en- three remarkable particulars. tering upon it. Those who show us the joy, the The Jews are looked upon by many to be as pucheerfulness, the good-humour, that naturally spring merous at present, as they were formerly in the land up in this happy state, are like the spies bringing of Canaan. along with them the clusters of grapes, and delicious This is wonderful, considering the dreadfal slaughfruits, that might invite their companions into the ter made of them under some of the Roman empepleasant country which produced them.*

rors, which historians describe by the death of many An eminent pagan writert has made a discourse hundred thousands in a war; and the innumerable to show that the atheist, who denies a God, does massacres and persecutions they have undergone in bim less dishonour than the man who owns his be- Turkey, as well as in all Christian nations in the ing, but at the same time believes him to be cruel, world. The rabbins, to express the great have hard to please, and terrible to human nature. “For which has been sometimes made of them, tell us my own part,” says he, “I would rather it should after their usual manner of hyperbole, that there be said of me, that there was never any such man were such torrents of holy blood shed, as carried as Plutarch, than that Plutarch was ill-natured, rocks of a hundred yards in circumference abure capricious, or inhuman.”

three miles into the sea. If we may believe our logicians, man is distin- Their dispersion is the second remarkable particuguished from all other creatures by the faculty of lar in this people. They swarm over all the East, laughter. He has a heart capable of mirth, and 'na- and are settled in the remotest parts of China. They turally disposed to it. It is not the business of vir- are spread through most of the nations in Europe tue to extirpate the affections of the mind, but to re- and Africa, and many families of them are esia. gulate them. It may moderate and restrain, but was blished in the West Indies; not to mention rlo's not designed to banish gladness from the heart of nations bordering on Prester-John's country, and man. Religion contracts the circle of our pleasures, discovered in the inner parts of America, if we may but leaves it wide enough for her votaries to expa- give any credit to their own writers. tiate in. The contemplation of the Divine Being, Their firm adherence to their religion is no less and the exercise of virtue, are, in their own nature, remarkable than their numbers and dispersion, espe. so far from excluding all gladness of heart, that they cially considering it as persecuted or contenined over are perpetual sources of it. In a word, the true the face of the whole earth. This is likewise the spirit of religion cheers, as well as composes, the more remarkable, if we consider the frequent apossoul; it banishes indeed all levity of behaviour, all tasies of this people, when they lived under their vicious and dissolute mirth ; but in exchange fills the kings in the land of promise, and within sight of mind with a perpetual serenity, uninterrupted cheer- their temple. fulness, and an habitual inclination to please others, If in the next place we examine what may be the as well as to be pleased in itself.—O.

natural reasons for these three particulars which we find in the Jews, and which are not to be found in

any other religion or people, I can, in the first place, I No. 495.) SATURDAY SEPT. 27, 1712. attribute their numbers to nothing but their conDuris ut ilex tonsa bipennibus,

stant employment, their abstinence, their cxemption Nigræ feraci frondis in Algido,

from wars, and above all, their frequent marriages; Per damna, per cædes, ab ipso

for they look on celibacy as an accursed state, and Ducit opes animumque ferro. Hor. 4 Od. iv. 57.

generally are married before twenty, as hoping the Like an oak on some cold mountain brow, At ev'ry wound they sprout and grow :

Messiah may descend from them.
The axe and sword new vigour give,

The dispersion of the Jews into all the nations of
And by their ruins they revive.-Anon.

the earth is the second remarkable particular of that As I am one who, by my profession, am obliged people, though not so hard to be accounted for. to look into all kinds of men, there are none whom They were always in rebellions and tumults while I consider with so much pleasure, as those who have they had the temple and holy city in view, for which any thing new or extraordinary in their characters, reason they have often been driven out of their old or ways of living. For this reason, I bave often habitations in the land of promise. They have as amused myself with speculations on the race of peo-often been banished out of most other places where ple called Jews, inany of whom I have met with in they have settled, which must very much disperse most of the considerable towns which I have passed and scatter a people, and oblige them to seek a through in the course of my travels. They are, in- livelihood where they can find it. Besides, the deed, so disseminated through all the trading parts whole people is now a race of such merchants as are of the world, that they are become the instruments wanderers by profession, and, at the same time, are by which the most distant nations converse with one in most, if not all places, incapable of either lands another, and by which mankind are knit together in or offices that might engage them to make any part

of the world their home. a general correspondence. They are like the pegs and nails in a great building, which, though they are religion,

had it not been secured by the strength of

This dispersion would probably have lost their but little valued in themselves, are absolutely neces- its constitution : for they are to live all in a body, sary to keep the whole frame together.

'Í'hat I may not fall into any common beaten and generally within the same enclosure; to marry tracks of observation, I shall consider this people in among themselves, and to eat no meats that are not

killed or preserved their own way. This shuts them Num. ch. xiii.

out from all table conversation, and the most agree1 Plut. Opera, to n i. p. 286. H Steph. 1572, 12mo.

able intercourses of life; and, by consequence, es

Yerson.

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cludes them from the most probable meats of con- pleasures of life in his decay of appetite and incli

nation to them, his son must have a much úneasier 11, the last place, we consider what providen- task to resist the impetuosity of growing desires. tial reasons may be assigned for these three parti. The skill therefore should methinks be, to let a son culars, we shall find that their numbers, dispersion, want no lawful diversion, in proportion to his future and adherence to their religion, have furnished fortune, and the figure he is to make in the world. every age, and every nation of the world, with the The first step towards virtue that I have observed, strongest arguments for the Christian faith, not only in young men of condition that have run into exas there very particulars are foretold of them, but cesses, has been, that they had a regard to their as they themselves are the depositories of these, and quality and reputation in the management of their all the other prophecies, wbich tend to their own vices.' Narrowness in their circumstances has made confusion. Their number furnishes us with a suffi- many youths, to supply themselves as debauchees, cient cloud of witnesses that attest the truth of the commence cheats and rascals. The father who alold Bible. Their dispersion spreads these witnesses lows his son to the utmost ability avoids this latter through all parts of the world. The adherence to evil, which as to the world is much greater than the their religion makes their testimony unquestionable. foriner. But the contrary practice has prevailed so Had the whole body of Jews been converted to much among some men, that I have known them Christianity, we should certainly have thought all deny them what was merely necessary for education the prophecies of the Old Testament, that relate to suitable to their quality. Poor young Autonio is a the coming and history of our blessed Saviour, lamentable instance of ill conduct in this kind. The forged by Christians, and have looked upon them, young man did not want natural talents ; but the with the prophecies of the Sibyls, as made many father of him was a coxcomb, who affected being a Fears after the events they pretended to foretel. -0. fine gentleman so unmercifully, that he could not

endure, in his sight, or the frequent mention of one,

who was his son, growing into manhood, and thrustNo. 496.7 MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1712. ing bim out of the gay world. I have often thought

the father took a secret pleasure, in reflecting that, Gnatum pariter uti liis decuit, aut etiam amplius, when that fine house and seat came into the next Quod illa ætas magis ad hæc idonea est.

hands, it would revive his memory, as a person who T'ERENT. Heaut. act i. sc. 1.

knew how to enjoy them, from observation of the Foar son ought to have shared in these things, because youth rusticity and ignorance of his successor. Certain it is best suited to the enjoyment of them.

is, that a man may, if he will, let his heart close to “Mr. SPECTATOR,

the having no regard to any thing but his dear self, " THO$E ancients who were the most accurate in even with exclusion of his very dear children. I their remarks on the genius and temper of man- recommend this subject to your consideration, and kind, by considering the various bent and scope of am, Sir, eur actions, throughout the progress of life, have

“ Your most humble Servant, with great exactness allotted inclinations and ob

“ T. B." jects of desire particular to every stage, according to the different circumstances of our con

“Mr. Spectator, Loudon, Sept. 26, 1712. versation and fortune through the several periods “I am just come from Tunbridge, and have since of it. Hence they were disposed easily to excuse my return read Mrs. Matilda Mohair's letter to you. those excesses which might possibly arise from a too she pretends to make a mighty story about the dieager pursuit of the affections more immediately version of swinging in that place. What was done, proper to each state. They indulged the levity of was only among relations, and no man swung any childhood with tenderness, overlooked the gaiety of woman who was not second cousin at furthest. She youth with good nature, tempered the forward am- is pleased to say, care was taken that the gallants bition and impatience of ripened manhood with dis- tied the ladies' leys before they were wafted into the cretion, and kindly imputed the tenacious avarice air. Since she is so spiteful, I will tell you the plain of old men to their

want of relish of any other enjoy- truth. There was so much nicety observed, since ment. Such allowances as these were no less ad- we were all, as ! just now told you, near relations: vantageous to common society than obliging to par. but Mrs. Mohair herself has been swung there, and ticular persons ; for, by maintaining a decency and she invents all this malice, because it was observed regularity in the course of life, they supported the she has crooked legs, of wbich I was an eye witness. dignity of human nature, which then suffers the

Your humble Servant, greatest violence when the order of things is in

“ RACHEL SUDESTRING." verted; and in nothing is it more remarkably vilified and ridiculous, than when feebleness prepos

Tunbridge, Sept. 26, 1712. terously attempts to adorn itself with that outward “ Mr. SPECTATOR, pomp and lustre, which serve only to set off the “ We have just now read your paper, containing bloom of youth with better advantage. I was in- Mrs. Mohair's letter. It is an invention of her own sensibly carried into reflections of this nature, by from one end to the other; and I desire you would just now meeting Paulino (who is in his climac-print the enclosed letter by itself, and shorten it so terie) bedecked with the utmost splendour of dress as to come within the conipass of your half sheet. and equipage, and giving an unbounded loose to She is the most malicious ininx in the world, for ail all manner of pleasure, whilst his only son is she looks so innocent. Do not leave out that part debarred all innoeent diversion, and may be seen about her being in love with her father's buller, frequently solacing himself in the Mall with no which makes her shun men; for that is the trues other attendance than one antiquated servant of his of it all.

“ Your humble Servant, .aced father's for a companion and director.

“ Saran The first " It is a monstrous want of reflection, that a man cannot consider, that when he cannot resign the “P. S. She has crooked legs.''

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" Tunbridge, Sept. 26, 1712. where he was; and the general's presence was teset ** MR. SPECTATOR,

necessary anywhere, but where he had placed hits"All that Mrs. Mohair is so vexed at against the self at the first disposition, except that accident good company of this place is, that we all know she happened from extraordinary efforts of the enemy has crooked legs. This is certainly true. I do not that it never fell out from failure in his own troops.

which he could not foresee; but it was remarkable care for putting my name, because one would not It must be confessed the world is just so mucb tot be in the power of the creature.

of order, as an unworthy person possesses what “ Your humble Servant, unknown.”

should be in the direction of him who was better pre“ Tunbridge, Sept. 26, 1712. tensions to it. “ MR. Spectator,

Instead of such a conduct as this old fellow Used “ That insufferable prude, Mrs. Mohair, who has ever happened among mankind have arose from the

to describe in his general, all the evils which have told such stories of the company here, is with child, wanton disposition of the favours of the powerful. for all her nice airs and her crooked legs. Pray be it is generally all that inen of modesty and virtue sure to put her in for both these two things, and you can do, to fall in with some wbimsical turo in a will oblige everybody here, especially

great man, to make way for things of real and abso“ Your humble Servant, lute service. In the time of Don Sebastian of PorT. “ ALICE BLUEGARTER.” tugal, or some time since, the first minister would

let nothing come near him but what bore the most

profound face of wisdom and gravity. They carried No. 497.] TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1712. it so far, that, for the greater show of their pro

found knowledge, a pair of spectacles tied on their A cunning old fox this!

roses, with a black riband round their heads, was A favour well bestowed is almost as great an what completed the dress of those who made their honour to him who confers it as to him who receives court at bis levee, and none with naked noses were it. What indeed makes for the superior reputation admitted to his presence. A blunt honest fellow, of the patron in this case is, that he is always sur-who had a command in the train of artillery, had rounded with specious pretences of unworthy can attempted to make an impression upon the porter, didates, and is often alone in the kind inclination day after day in vain, until at length he made his he has towards the well-deserving. Justice is the appearance in a very thoughtful dark suit of clothes, first quality in the man who is in a post of direction; and two pair of spectacles on at once. He was conand I remember to have heard an old gentleman ducted from room to room, with great deference, to talk of the civil wars, and in his relation give an the minister; and, carrying on the farce of the account of a general officer, who with this one qua- place, he told his excellency that he had pretended lity, without any shining endowments, became so in this manner to be wiser than he really was

, but popularly beloved and honoured, that all decisions with no ill intention; but he was honest Such-abetweeu man and man were laid before him by the one of the train, and he came to tell him that they parties concerned, in a private way; and they would wanted wheelbarrows and pickaxes. The thing bap lay by their animosities implicitly, if he bid them pened not to displease, the great man was seen to be friends, or submit themselves in the wrong with smile, and the successful officer was reconducted out reluctance, if he said it, without waiting the with the same profound ceremony out of the house. judgment of courts-martial. His manner was to When Leo X. reigned pope of Rome, his bobkeep the dates of all commissions in his closet, and Dess, though a man of sense, and of an excellent wholly dismiss from the service such who were de taste of letters, of all things affected fools, buffoons, ficient in their duty; and after that took care to humourists, and coxcombs. Whether it were from prefer according to the order of battle. His fami- vanity, and that he enjoyed no talents in other men siars were his entire friends, and could have no in- but what were inferior to him, or whatever it was, terested views in courting his acquaintance; for his be carried it so far, that bis whole delight was in affection was no step to their preferment, though it finding out new fools, and, as our phrase is playing was to their reputation. By this means, a kind as- them off, and making them show thenıselves to 24pect, a salutation, a smile, and giving out his hand, vantage. A priest of his former acquaintance salhad the weight of what is esteemed by vulgar minds fered a great many disappointments in attempting more substantial. His business was very short, and to find access to him in a regular character, unulat he who had nothing to do but justice, was never last in despair he retired from Rome, and returned affronted with a request of a familiar daily visitant in an equipage so pery fantastical, both as to the for what was due to a brave man at a distance. Ex- dress of 'nimself and servants, that the whole court traordinary merit he used to recommend to the king were in an emulation who should first introduce him for some distinction at home; till the order of battle to his holiness. What added to the expectation bis made way for his rising in the troops. Add to this, holiness had of the pleasure he should have in hu that he had an excellent manner of getting rid of follies, was, that this fellow, in a dress the most es. such who he observed were good at a halt, as his quisitely ridiculous, desired he might speak to him phrase was. Under this description he compre-alone, for he had matters of the highest importance, hended all those who were contented to live without upon which he wanted a conference. Nothing could reproach, and had no promptitude in their minds to be denied to a coxcomb of so great hope ; but when wards glory. These fellows were also recommended they were apart, the impostor revealed himself, and to the king, and taken off of the general's hands spoke as follows :into posts wherein diligence and common honesty “Do not be surprised, most holy father, at seeing, bow all that were necessary. This general had no instead of a coxcomb to laugh at, your old friends

art in lois line, but every man had as much who has taken this way of access to admonish you of Nun, him, and as much honour to lose as him- your own folly. Can any thing show your holipess 1 Plut.

ry officer could answer for what passed bow unworthily you treul mankind, more than my

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