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rectified, and made amends for, in another. We gress through any profession, none seem to have
so are not therefore to expect that fire should fall from good a title to the protection of the men of eminence heaven in the ordinary course of Providence; nor, in it, as the modest man; not so much because his when we see triamphant guilt or depressed virtue in modesty is a certain indication of his merit, as beparticular persons, that Omnipotence will make bare cause it is a certain obstacle to the producing of it. his holy arm in the defence of the one, or punish- Now, as of all professions this virtue is thought to be ment of the other. It is suficient that there is a more particularly unnecessary in that of the law than day set apart for the hearing and requiting of both, in any other, I shall only apply myself to the relief according to their respective merits.
of such who follow this profession with this disad. The folly of ascribing temporal judgments to any vantage. What aggravates the matter is, that those particular crimes, may appear from several conside- persons who, the better to prepare themselves for rations. I shall only mention two. First, that, ge- this study, have made some progress in others, have, nerally speaking, there is no calamity or affliction, by addicting themselves to letters, increased their which is supposed to have happened as a judgment natural modesty, and consequently heightened the to a vicious man, which does not sometimes happen obstruction to this sort of preferment; so that every to men of approved religion and virtue. When one of these may emphatically be said to be such a Diagoras the atheist was on board one of the Athe-one as laboureth and taketh pains, and is still the nian ships, there arose a very violent tempest: upon more behind. It may be a matter worth discussing, which, the mariners told him, that it was a just judg- then, why that which made a youth so amiable to the ment upon them for having taken so impious a man ancients, should make him appear so ridiculous to on board. Diagoras begged them to look upon the the moderns ? and why, in our days, there should be rest of the ships that were in the same distress, and neglect, and even oppression, of young beginners, asked them whether or no Diagoras was on board instead of that protection which was the pride of every vessel in the fileet. We are all involved in the theirs ? In the profession spoken of, it is obvious to same calamities, and subject to the same accidents, every one whose attendance is required at Westand, when we see any one of the species under any minster-hall, with what difficulty a youth of any particular oppression, we should look upon it as modesty has been permitted to make an observation, arising from the common lot of human nature, rather that could in no wise detract from the merit of his than from the guilt of the person who suffers. elders, and is absolutely necessary for the advanting
Another consideration, that may check our pre- his own. I have often seen one of these not only sumption in putting such a construction upon a mis- molested in his utterance of something very perti. fortune, is this, that it is impossible for us to know nent, but even plundered of his question, and by a what are calamities and what are blessings. How strong serjeant shouldered out of his rank, which be many accidents have passed for misfortunes, which has recovered with much difficulty and confusion. have turned to the welfare and prosperity of the per. Now, as great part of the business of this profession sons to whose lot they have fallen! How many dis might be dispatched by one that perhaps appointments have, in their consequences, saved a
-Abest virtute diserti man from min! If we could look into the effects
Messalæ, nec scit quantum Cascellius Aulus: of every thing, we might be allowed to pronounce boldly upon blessings and judgments; but for a man -wants Messala's powerful eloquence, to give his opinion of what he sees but in part, and
And is less read than deep Cascellias:-RoscowON. in its beginnings, is an unjustifiable piece of rash- so I cannot conceive the injustice done to the public
, ness and folly. The story of Biton and Clitobus, which if the men of reputation in this calling would introwas in great reputation among the heathens (for we duce such of the young ones into business, whose see it quoted by all the ancient authors, both Greek application to this study will let them into the secrets and Latin, who have written upon the immortality of it, as much as their modesty will binder them of the soul), may teach us a caution in this matter. from the practice: I say, it would be laying an everThese two brothers being the sons of a lady who was lasting obligation upon a young man, to be intrpriestess to Juno, drew their mother's chariot to the daced at first only as a mute, till by this counter temple at the time of a great solemnity, the persons nance, and a resolution to support the good opinion being absent who, by their office, were to have drawn conceived of him in his betters, his complexion her chariot on that occasion. The mother was '80 shall be so well settled, that the litigious of tins transported with this instance of filial duty, that she island may be secure of his obstreperous aid. ut petitioved her goddess to bestow upon them the might be indulged to speak in the style of a lawyer
, greatest gift that could be given to men; upon which I would say, that any one about thirty years of age they were both cast into a deep sleep, and the next might make a common motion to the court with di morning found dead in the temple. This was such much elegance and propriety as the
most aged advoan event as would have been eonstrued into a judg-cates in the hall. meut, had it happened to the two brothers after an “ I cannot advance the merit of modesty by ang act of disobedience, and would doubtless have been argument of my own so powerfully, as by inquiring represented as such by any ancient historian who into the sentiments the greatest among the aucienta had given us an account of it.-0.
of different ages entertained upon this virtue
we go back to the days of Solomon, we shall find la No. 484.) MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1712. vour a necessary consequence to a shamefaced man: Neque cuiqam tam statim clarum ingenium est, ut possit emer- Pliny, the greatest lawyer and most elegant writer,
gere: nisi illi materia, occasio, fautor etiam, commendator of the age he lived in, in several of his epistles que contangat.-Puus. Epist.
very solicitous in recommending to the public some Kor has any one so bright a genius as to become illustrious in stantaneously. unless it fortunately meets with occasion and undertakes to become an advocate, upon conditiva
young men of his own profession, and very oftea employment, with patronage too, and commendation.
that some one of these his farourites migh: be joined "MR. SPECTATOR,
with him, in orier to produce the merit of such " Or all the your Coblows. vha - sin their pro- whose modesty otherwise would have suppressed it.
HOR. Ars Peel 370.
It may seem very narvellows to a saucy modern, of the purpose, and drive down twenty bashful boothat mulluna sanguinis, multum verecundiu, multum bies of ten times his sense, who at the same time sollicitudinis in ore; to have the face first full of were envying his impudence, and despising his un blood, then the countenance dashed with modesty, derstanding, it has been matter of great mirth to and then the whole aspect as of one dying with foar, me; but it soon ended in a secret lamentation, that when a man begins to speak;' should be esteemed the fountains of every thing praiseworthy in these by Pliny the necessary qualifications of a fine realms, the universities, should be so mudded with speaker. Sbakspeare also has expressed himself in : false sense of this virtue, as to produce men capathe same tavourable strain of modesty, when he says, ble of being so abused. I will be bold to say, that
it is a ridiculous education which does not qualify a In the modesty of fearful duty I read as much as from the rattling tongue
man to make his best appearance before the greatest or saucy and audacious eloquence
man, and the finest woman, to whom he can address "Now, since these authors have professed them- himself
. Were this judiciously corrected in the selves for the modest man, even in the utmost con- their distance: but we must bear with this false mo
nurseries of learning, pert coxcombs would know fusions of speech and countenance, why should an jatrepid utterance and a resolute vociferation thun. desty in our young pobility and gentry, till they der so succesafully in our courts of justice ? And cease at Oxford and Cambridge to grow dumb iu why should that confidence of speech and behaviour,
the study of eloquence.-T.. which seems to acknowledge no superior, and to defy all contradiction, prevail over that deference and re. signation with which the modest man implores that fa- No. 485.] TUESDAY, SEPT. 16, 1712., vourable opinion which the other seems to command? Nihil tam firmum est. cui periculum nou sit etiam ab inva
" As the case at present stands, the best consola. lido.-Quix. Curr. I. vii. c. 8. tion that I can administer, to those who cannot get the strongest things are not so well established as to be out of into that stroke of business (as the phrase is) which danger from the weakest. they deserve, is to reckon every particular acquisi. “MR. SPECTATOR, tion of knowledge in this study as a real increase of their fortune; and fully to believe, that one day have done more harm than those who have been
“My Lord Clarendon has observed, that few men this imaginary gain will certainly be made out, by thought to be able to do least ; and there cannot be one more substantial. I wish you would talk to us a little on this head; you will oblige, Sir,
a greator error, than to believe a man, whom we see • Your most bumble Servant."
qualified with too mean parts to do good, to be
therefore incapable of doing hurt. There is a supThe author of this letter is certainly a man of good ply of malice, of pride, of industry, and even of sense; but I am perhaps particular in my opinion folly, in the weakest, when he sets his heart upon it, on this occasion : for I have observed that, under that makes a strange progress in mischief. What the notion of modesty, men have indulged them- may seem to the reader the greatest paradox in the selves in a spiritless sheepishness, and been for ever reflection of the historian is, I suppose, that foly, lost to themselves, their families, their friends, and which is generally thought incapable of contriving their country. When a man has taken care to pre- or executing any design, should be so formidable to lend to nothing but what he may justly aim at, and those whom it exerts itself to molest. But this will can execute as well as any other, without injustice appear very plain, if we remember that Solomon to any other; it is ever want of breeding, or cou- says, ' It is as sport to a fool to do mischief ; and rage, to be brow-beaten, or elbowed out of his honest that he might the more emphatically express the ca. ambition. I have said often, modesty must be an lamitous circumstances of him who falls under the act of the will, and yet it always implies self-denial : displeasure of this wanton person, the same author for, if a man has an ardent desire to do what is laud-adds further, that` A stone is heavy, and the sand able for him to perform, and from an unmanly bash- weighty, but a fool's wrath is heavier than them fulness shrinks away, and lets his merit languish in both. It is impossible to suppress my own illustra, silence, be ought not to be angry at the world that tion upon this matter, which is, that as the man of Amore unskilful actor succeeds in his part, because sagacity bestirs himself to distress his enemy by mehe has not confidence to come upon the stage him- thods probable and reducible to reason, so the same self
. The generosity my correspondent mentions of reason will fortify his enemy to elude these bis rePhoy cannot be enough applauded. To cherish the gular efforts ; but your fool projects, acts, and condawn of merit, and hasten its maturity, was a work cludes, with such notable inconsistency, that no reworthy, a noble Roman, and a liberal scholar. That gular course of thought can evade or counterplot his concem which is described in the letter, is to all the prodigious machinations. My frontispiece, I believe, world the greatest charm imaginable; but then the may be extended to imply, that several of our mismodest man must proceed,
and show a latent
resolu- fortunes arise from things, as well as persons, that tion in himself: for the admiration of his modesty seem of very little consequence. Into what tragical arises from the manifestation of his merit
. I must extravagances does Shakspeare hurry Othello, upon confess we live in an age wherein a few empty blus- the loss of a handkerchief only! And what barba: terers carry away the praise of speaking, while a rities does Desdemona suffer, from a slight inadver: crowd of fellows overstocked with knowledge are tency in regard to this fatal trifle! If the schemes run down by them : I say overstocked, because they of all the enterprising spirits were to be carefully certainly are so, as to their service of mankind, if examined, some intervening accident not consider, from their very store they raise to themselves ideas able enough
any debate upon, or give respect and greatness of the occasion, and I them any apprehension of ill consequence from it, koow not what, to disable themselves from explains will be found to be the occasion of their ill success, their thoughts, I must confess, when I have rather than any error in points of moment and diffi
to Charles Frankair rise up with a commanding culty, which naturally engaged their maturest delinier, and torrent of handsome words, talk a mile berations. If you go to the levee of any great man,
you will observe him exceeding gracious to several jolly man; which appearance cannot miss of cap. very insignificant fellows; and upon this maxim, tives in this part of the town. Being emboldened that the neglect of açy person must arise from the by daily success, he leaves bis room with a resolamean opinion you have of his capacity to do you tion to extend his conquests; and I have appreany service or prejudice; and that this calling his hended him in his night-gown smiting in all parts sufficiency in question must give him inclination, of this neighbourhood. and where this is there never wants strength, or op- “ This I, being of an amorous complexion, sax portunity, to annoy you. There is nobody so weak with indignation, and had thoughts of purchasing a of invention, that cannot aggravate, or make some wig in these parts; into which, being at a greater little stories to vilify his enemy; there are very few distance from the earth, I might have thrown a very but have good inclinations to hear them; and it is liberal mixture of white horse-hair, which would infinite pleasure to the majority of mankind to level make a fairer and consequently a handsomer apa person superior to his neighbours. Besides, in all pearance, while my situation would secure nie matters of controversy, that party which has the against any discoveries. But the passion of the greatest abilities labours under this prejudice, that handsome gentleman seems to be so fixed to that part he will certainly be supposed, upon account of his of the building, that it will be extremely difficult to abilities, to have done an injury, when perhaps he divert it to mine; so that I am resolved to stand boldly has received one. It would be tedious to enumerate to the complexion of my own eyebrow, and prepare the strokes that nations and particular friends have me an immense black wig of the same sort of struc suffered from persons very contemptible.
ture with that of my rival. Now, though by this 1 “I think Henry IV. of France, so formidable to shall not, perhaps, lessen the number of the admirers his neighbours, could no more be secured against of his complexion, I shall have a fair chance to dithe resolute villany of Ravillac, than Villiers, duke vide the passengers by the irresistible force of mine. of Buckingham, could be against that of Felton. “ I expect sudden dispatches from you, with adAnd there is no incensed person so destitute, but can vice of the family you are in now, how to deport my. provide himself with a köife or a pistol, if he finds self upon this so delicate a conjuncture; with some stomach to apply them. That things and persons comfortable resolutions in favour of the bandsome of no moment should give such powerful revolutions black man against the handsome fair one. to the progress of those of the greatest, seems a pro- “ I am, Sir, your humble servant, vidential disposition to baffle and abate the pride of
"C. human sufficiency; as also to engage the humanity “N.B. He who writ this is a black man, two pair and benevolence of superiors to all below them, by of stairs; the gentleman of whom he writes is fair, letting them into this secret, that the stronger de and one pair of stairs." pends upon the weaker.
<"I am, Sir,
“ I only say, that it is impossible for me to say “ DEAR SIR, Temple, Paper-buildings. how much I am “I received a letter from you some time ago,
“ ROBIN SHORTER. which I should have answered sooner, had you in- 'P.S. I shall think it a little hard, if you do not formed me in yours to what part of this island I take as much notice of this epistle, as you have of • might have directed my impertinence; but, having the ingenious Mr. Short's. I am not afraid to let been led into the knowledge of that matter, this the world see which is the deeper man of the two.' handsome excuse is no longer serviceable. My neighbour Prettyman shall be the subject of this letter; who, falling in with the Spectator's doctrine
London, September 15. concerning the month of May, began from that sea- Whereas a young woman on horseback in an son to dedicate himself to the service of the fair in equestrian habit, on the 13th instant in the evening, the following manner. I observed at the beginning met the Spectator within a mile and a half of this of the month he bought him a new night-gown, either town, and, Aying in the face of justice, pulled off her side to be worn outwards. Both equally gorgeous hat, in which there was a feather, with the mien and and attractive ; but till the end of the month I did air of a young officer, saying at the same time, not enter so fully into the knowledge of his contri. “ Your servant, Mr. Spec.,” or words to that purvance, as the use of that garment has since suggested pose; this is to give notice, that if any person can to mo. Now you must know, that all new clothes discover the name and place of abode of the said of raise and warm the wearer's imagination into a con. fender, so as she can be brought to justice, the inceit of his being a much finer gentleman than he was formant shall have all fitting encouragement.-T. before, banishing all sobriety and reflection, and giving him up to gallantry and amour. Inflamed therefore with this way of thinking, and full of the
No. 486.) WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 17, 1712 spirit of the month of May, did this merciless youth Audire est operæ pretium, procedere recte resolve upon the business of captivating. At first Qui machis non vultism Hor 1 Sat. v. 07. he confined himself to his room, only now and then appearing at his window, in his night-gown, and
All you who think the city ne'er can thrive
Tul ev'ry cuckold-naker's fead alive. practising that easy posture which expresses the
POPE very top and dignity of languishment. It was plea-sant to see him diversify his loveliness, sometimes
“ Mr. SPECTATOR, obliging the passengers only with a sideface, with a “ There are very many of my acquaintance fol: book in his hand; sometimes being so generous as lowers of Socrates, with more particular regard to to expose the whole in the fulness of its beauty; at that part of his philosophy which we, among our other times, by a judicious throwing back his peri- selves, call bis domestics; under which denomina
would throw in his ears. You know he is tion, or title, we include all the conjugal joys and that sort of person which the mob call a handsome sufferings. We have indeed with very great plesi
sure observed, the bonour you do the whole frater-ing; but, in the case of gatlants, they swallow ill. nity of the bed-pecked, in placing that illustrious usage from one to whom they have no obligation, man at our head; and it does in a very great mea- but from a base passion, which it is mean to indulge, sure bafile the raillery of pert rogues, who have no and which it would be glorious to overcome. advantage above us, but in that they are single. · These sort of fellows are very numerous, and But, when you look about into the crowd of man- some have been conspicuously such, without shame; kind, you will find the fair ses reigns with greater way, they have carried ou the jest in the very artityranny over lovers than husbands. You shall hardly cle of death, and, to the diminution of the wealth meet one in a thousand who is wholly exempt from and happiness of their families, in bar of those hotheir dounidion, and those that are so are capable of nourably near to them, have left immense wealth lo no taste of life, and breathe and walk about the their paramours. What is this but being a cully earth as insiguificants. But I am going to desire in the grave! Sure this is being hen.pecked with your further favour in behalf of our harmless bro- a vengeance! But, without dwelling upon these therhood, and hope you will show in a true light less frequent instances of eminent cullyism, what is the unmarried ben-pecked, as well as you have done there so common as to hear a fellow curse his fate justice to us, who submit to the conduct of our that he cannot get rid of a passion to a jilt, and wives. I am very particularly acquainted with one quote a half line out of a miscellany poem to prove who is under entire submission to a kind girl, as he his weakness is natural? If they will go on thus, I calls her; and though he knows I have been witness bave nothing to say to it; but then let them not both to the ill usage he has received from her, and pretend to be free all this while, and laugh at us poor his inability to resist her tyranny, he still pretends married patients. to make a jest of me for a little more than ordinary
“ I have known one wench in this town carry a obseqniousness to my spouse. No longer than Tues haughty dominion over her lovers so well, that she day last he took me with him to visit his mistress; has at the same time been kept by a sea-captain in and he baving, it seems, been a little in disgrace the Straits, a merchant in the city, a country gentlebefore, thought by bringing me with him she would man in Hampshire, and had all her correspondences constrain herself, and insensibly fall into general managed by one she kept for her own uses. This happy discourse with him; and so he might break the man (as the phrase is) used to write very punctuice, and save hituselí all the ordinary compunctions ally, every post, letters for the mistress to transcribe. and mortifications she used to make him suffer be. He would sit in his night-gown and slippers, and be fore she would be reconciled, after any act of rebel- as grave giving an account, only changing names, lion on bis part. When we came into the room we that there was nothing in those idle reports they were received with the utmost coldness; and when had heard of such a scoundrel as one of the other he presented me as Mr. Such-a-one, his very good lovers was; and how could be think she could confriend, she just had patience to suffer my salutation; descend so low, after such a fine gentleman as each but when he himself, with a very gay air, offered to of them? For the same epistle said the same thing follow me, she gave him a thundering box on the to, and of every one of them. And so Mr. Secreear, called him pitiful, poor-spirited wretch-how tary and his lady went to bed with great order. durst he see her face? His wig and hat fell on dif- “To be short, Mr. Spectator, we husbands shall ferent parts of the floor. She seized the wig too never make the figure we ought in the imaginations soon for bim to recover it, and, kicking it down of young men growing up in the world, except you stairs, threw herself into an opposite room, pulling can bring it about that a man of the town shall be the door after her with a force that you would have as infamous a character as a woman of the town. thought the hinges would have given way. We But, of all that I have met in my time, commend went down, you must think, with no very good me to Betty Duall: she is the wife of a sailor, and countenances; and, as we sneaked off, and were the kept-mistress of a man of quality; she dwells driving home together, he confessed to me, that her with the latter during the seafaring of the former. anger was thus highly raised, because he did not The husband asks no questions, sees his apartments think fit to fight a gentleman who had said she was furnished with riches not his, when he comes into what she was but," says he, 'a kind letter or two, port, and the lover is as joyful as a man arrived at or fifty pieces, will pui her in humour again.' i his haven, when the other puts to sea. Betty is the asked bim why he did not part with her; he an- most eminently victorious of any of her sex, and swered, he loved ber with all the tenderness ima. ought to stand recorded the only wounan of the age ginable, and she had too many charms to be aban. in which she lives, who has possessed at the same doned for a little quickness of spirit. Thus does time two abused, and two contented T. this illegitimate hen-pecked overlook the hussy's having no regard to his very life and fame, in putting him upon an infamous dispute about her repu. No. 487.] THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 1712. tation : yet has be the confidence to laugh at me, Cum prostrata sopore because I obey my poor dear in keeping out of Urget membra quies, et mens sivo pondere ludit.-PETR. harm's way, and not staying too late from my own While sleep oppresses the tir'd limbs, the mind family, to pass through the hazards of a town full of Plays without weight, and wantons unconfined. ranters and debauchees. You, that are a philoso- Though there are many authors who bave writpher, should urge in our behalf, that, when we bear ten on dreams, they have generally considered them with a froward woman, our patience is preserved, in only as revelations of what has already happened in consideration that a breach with her might be a dis- distant parts of the world, or as presages of what is honour to childreo who are descended from us, and to happen in future periods of time. whose concern makes us tolerate a thousand frail- I shall consider this subject in another light, as ties, for fear they should redound dishonour upon dreams may give us some idea of the great excel. the innocent. This and the like circumstances, lency of a human soul, and some intimations of its which carry with them the most valuable regards of independency op matter. hutan life, may be mentioned for our long-suffer- In the first place, our dreams are great iostances
She seems alone
Guideless and dark.
of that uetivity which is natural to the human soul, has hinted, is in a very particular manner heightand which it is not in the power of sleep to deaden ened and inflamed, when it rises in the soul at a for abate. When the man appears tired and worn time that the body is thus laid at rest. Every man's out with the labours of the day, this active part in experience will inform bim in this matter, though it his composition is still busied and unwearied. When is very probable, that this may happen differently the organs of sense want their due repose and neces in different constitutions. I shall conclude this bead sary reparations, and the body is no longer able to with the two following probleins, which I shall leave keep pace with that spiritual substance to which it is to the solution of my reader. Supposing a man united, the soul exerts herself in her several sacul always happy in bis dreams and miserable in his ties, and continues in action until her partner is waking thoughts, and that his life was equally di. again qualified to bear her company. In this case vided between them: whether would he be more dreams look like the relaxations and amusements bappy or miserable? Were a man a king in bis of the soul, when she is disencumbered of her ma- dreams, and a beggar awake, and dreamt as consechine; her sports and recreations, when she has laid quentially, and in as conuinued unbroken schemes, her charge asleep.
as he thinks when awake: whether he would be in In the second place, dreams are an instance of reality a king or a beggar? or, rather, whether be that agility and perfection which is natural to the would not be both ? faculties of the mind, when they are disengaged from There is another circumstance, which methinks the body. The soul is clogged and retarded in her gives us a very high idea of the nature of the soul
, operations, when she acts in conjunction with a in regard to what passes in dreams: I mean that companion that is so heavy and unwieldy in its mo. innumerable multitude and variety of ideas which tions. But in dreams it is wonderful to observe then arise in her. Were that active and watchful with what a sprightliness and alacrity she exerts being only conscious of her own existence at such a herself. The slow of speech make unpremeditated time, what a painful solicitude would our hours of harangues, or converse readily in languages that sleep be! Were the soul sensible of her being alone they are but little acquainted with. The grave in her sleeping moments, after the same manner abound in pleasantries, the dull in repartees and that she is sensible of it while awake, the time points of wit. There is not a more painful action would hang very heavy on her, as it often actually of the mind than invention; yet in dreams it works does when she dreams that she is in such a solitude. with that ease and activity, that we are not sensible
Semperque relinqui of when the faculty is employed. For instance, I Sola sibi, semper longam incomitata videtur believe every one, some time or other, dreams that
VIRG. Æq, is, 416 he is reading papers, books, or letters; in which case the invention prompts so readily, that the mind
To wander in her sleep through ways unknown. is imposed upon, and mistakes its own suggestions
DRYDEN. for the compositions of another,
But this observation I only make by the way I sball, under this head, quote a passage out of what I would here remark, is that wonderful power the Religio Medici, * in which the ingenious author in the soul, of producing her own company on these gives an account of himself in his dreaming and his occasions. She converses with numberless beings waking thoughts. “We are somewhat more than of her own creation, and is transported into ten ourselves in our sleeps, and the slumber of the body thousand scenes of her own raising. She is berself scems to be but the waking of the soul. It is the the theatre, the actors, and the beholder. This puts ligation of sense, but the liberty of reason; and our me in mind of a saying which I am infinitely pleased waking conceptions do not match the fancies of our with, and which Plutarch ascribes to Heraclitus; sleeps. At niy nativity my ascendant was the wa. that all men whilst they are awake are in one comtery sign of Scorpius; I was born in the planetary mon world; but that each of them, when he is hour of Saturn, and I think I have a piece of that asleep, is in a world of his own. The waking mau leaden planet in me, I am no way facetious, nor is conversant in the world of nature; when he sleeps disposed for the mirth and galliardise of company; be retires to a private world that is particular to yet in one dream I can compose a whole, comedy himself. There seems something in this consideration behold the action, apprehend the jests, and laugh that intimates to us a natural grandeur and perfera myself awake at the conceits thereof. Were my tion in the soul, which is rather to be admired that memory as faithful as my reason is then fruitful, I explained. would never study but in my dreams; and this time I must not omit that argument for the excellenos also would I choose for my devotions ; but our of the soul which I have seen quoted out of Tertulgrosser memories have then so little hold of our ab- liau, namely its power of divining in dreams. That stracted understandings, that they forget the story, several such divinations have been made, node cati and can only relate to our awaked souls a confused question who believes the holy writings, or who bas and broken tale of that that has passed. Thus it is but the least degree of a common historical faith; observed that men sometimes, upon the hour of their there being innumerable instances of this nature in departure, do speak and reason above themselves; several authors, both ancient and modern, sacred for then the soul, beginning to be freed from the and profane. Whether such dark presages, such ligaments of the body, begins to reason like herself
, visions of the night, proceed from any latent ponor and to discourse in a strain above mortality:" in the soul, during this her state of abstractiva, or
We may likewise observe, in the third place, that from any communication with the Supreme Being the passions affect the mind with greater strength or from any operation of subordinate spirits, bar when we are asleep than when we are awake. Joy been a great dispute among the learned: the matter and sorrow give us more vigorous sensations of pain of fact is, I think, incontestable, and has been looked or pleasure at this time than any other. Devotion, upon as such by the greatest writers, who have been likewise, as the excellent author above mentioned never suspected either of superstition or enthusiastil.
I do not suppose that the soul in these instances • By Sir T. Brown, M.D.
is entirely loose and unfettered from thie bolly: it is